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32101 063605057 

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**A W€»rd fitly spoken U like appUs cf goUl in pictures of tUver.* * 

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Dictionary of Electricity, Electrical Terms and 
^r' Apparatus. 


Ox THB Basis ov Wkbstbr*8 CouKTiKa-HoiTSB DbcrtoKART, EMTRnr or 1821 (im 
LAST), WITH Labor Additions bt tub Editob rsoM thb most EmiiBifT Modbbb 


xcHKBous DRscRimvB Cins or Battbribs, Dthamos, Buocraic 

Motors, Lights, Tblsphonbb. Mkbofhonbs, Tblbgraphs, Etc, 

Etc., to bb found 


ooNTAiNnco ovKB 75/100 words and fhrasrs comprrhbksitblt defimbd, 2.900 



J^EW York : 
Wm, L. ALLISON, Publisher, 



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Abusus non toIHt usum. — Abuse 
does not invalidate right. 
. ^grescrit me dendo. — ^Worse 
than the sickness is the remedy. 

Aliud mihi est agendum. — 1 have 

other fish to fry. 
Ars longa, vita brevis. — Art is 
, long, life short. 



Tlie Ions alcndt-r English a as in fate, paper, &e., is marked thus ft. 

The long Italian a as m far father, rather, &e., . . . . A. 

The short sound of the Ituhan a an in lot, mot, many, Sce^ 

is not marked, but left as an ordinary a. 

Tr.t long e as in me, here, medium, &c • , • . & 

llie short e as m get, let, set, led, Si2. • • . . t. 

The long t as in f tue, mine, &c. .... I. 

The sliort t as in pin, smce, nitnce, ltd, &o. . • . . l« 

The long open o as m no, note, notice, &c. .... 6. 

The long elose o as In move, prove, moon. fte. . . • . oo. , 

The short o as m not, hot, got, book, &c. .... o. 

The long u as in super, tube, cupid, && .... H. 

The short u as in bull, pull, tub, but, &c. .... u. 

IT&te, I&r ; md, hgr ; herb ; mine ; note ; t&ne ; moon ; CA as in thta. 


& ' 

stands for adjective ; pi a. or adjs. 


. . adverb ; pi. ad vs. 



. . conjunction. 

ex. or vU. . . 


. . noun. 


. . plural. 


. . participle ; p. a. participial adjeetivt. 


. . participle past tcnee. 


. . . participle present tense. 


. . preposition. 


. . preterit tense ; perfectly passed or finishsd. 


.. pronoun. 


. . verb intransitive or neuter. 


. . verb transitive or active. 

Entered accordutg to Act of CongrcM, in the year 188S, fcy WM. L. ALLISON^ in Hie 
Office of the LSn-anan of Congress ut Washington, D. C. 

" Words are things ; and a small drop of ink. fallinir like dew upon a thought, produces 
that which makes thousands, perhaps millions think."— Bybox. 

••Words are the daughters of earth and things are tlie sons of heaven.**— Db. Jouksok. 

" His words fell like the winter snow8."-HoMEn, in lUad, Book III. 

'* No man has a prosperity so high or Ann but two or three words can dishearten it 
There is no calamity which right words will not begin to redress.**— Eukbsov. 

** Words wound more than swords." 


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^qua tellus pauperl recluditur 
regumque pueris. — We shall 
be all alike in our graves. 

After darkness, light. — Latin. 

A I'aise on marche k pied, qui 
mene son cheval par la bride. 

'Tis easy to go on foot when 
one has a horse by the bridle. 


Tbts HMUmarf tm begun with the tIcw of t applyinf , at « piioe wftkta tte rta^ ol 
ftll, B public want which the writer, ai a boolueUer, had found to exist, for ft ainan wori 
book which should comprise all the primitive, and most of the derivmtire words of the 
English Language, except obsolete and very rare or technical .terms not found in genera^ 
literature. Of Dictionaries there are plenty, domestic and imported, but not one of them, 
except those too large and expensive to be gcnerallj accessible, contains more than 
half the words, paiticnlarly the bcientiflc termn, in popular use i and the definitions are so 
meager, and often so defeetiTe and untrue, as applied to the prerailing practice or style, as 
to convey but a very inadequate idea of the object defined. In all Dictionaries these 
definitions necessarily bear a striking similarity—haTing been handed down from one 
lexicographer to another for one or two hundred years, without any alteration to keep then 
abreast idth the times. Hence, while I have given the usual or best definitions to be found* 
bat adapted them to the space at my command, as well as to the eoroprehension of thoughtful 
learners, regardless of literal and obsolete significations, I have not hevitated to diseaid 
conventional and tautological forms of words in favor of truer and more popular meanings. 

The words are generally grouped into paragraphs, partly to convey a more comprehensive 
view of words having the same or analogous roots, biit notably to concentrate within th# 
compass of an ordinary school or pocket lexicon the fullest vocabulary and the utmost 
completeness of meanings. The leading word of each group is respelt phonetically, the 
long or anomalous sounds are designated by points, and the syllable on which the strcM is 
laid is marked with an accent. Unmarked vowels are mostly short, and if they have their 
long sound it is slightly pronounced. It is not. easy, or even possible, to express on paper 
the nice distinctions which the ear rccpgnizes in a rapid enunciation of slight sounds, and 
a prevalent fault of many otherwise excellent Dictionaries is the formidable array of 
accents, of variously marked vowels, and even consonants, or of elaborate sound'Symbols, 
which to the ordinary learner serve no good purpose, but confuse the understanding, and 
In schools, occupy in their study the precious hours of pupils which mi;,'ht be employed to 
better advantage. In consequence of this disproportionate attention to the f nti cif ul variations 
of vowel4ounds, there is coining into vogue in our public schools a finical refinement in 
pronunciation vrhich frequently so disguises a word as to to render it unintelligible to 
which have been educated to the simple methods of Noah Wgbstkr, who held thatUui 
true pronunciation of such voweU is best, caught by the ear, and that it is worse than 
to encumber words with a multiplicity of marks or figures. 



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Annosa vulpesnon capittir laqueo. 
Vou can't catch old birds with 

After-wit is everybody's wit. 

Alls Vokt Propiiis. — Another 
flies onward. — Motto of Or. 

Aut Caesar, aut nullus. — He will 
be Caesar or nobody. 



I have not considered it necessary, nor indeed had I room, to re-spell for pronunciation 
more than the prira^sy or root-word, or, at least, the most commonly used word of each 
group ; the following or derivative words are simply accented, and when emphasis or 
greater distinctness in the paragraphs is required, they are italicised. The meanings of 
participles, adverhs and adjectives are not always given, but may be inferred from the 
preceding definition, as I have more fully explained under ''Frkfixeb ahd Postfixcs,** 
iu the latter pages of this Dictionaiy. The participles which are formed naturally from their 
verbs, I have not entered, as a rule, except where modern usage has converted them into 
adjective* requiring a definition. The nomenclature of various sciences, especially 
AgHeultural Chemistry, Botany, Geology, Zoology, Physiology, etc., which are usually 
ignored in school dictionaries, I have taken considerable pains to introduce and explain, 
and in regard to the f irstnamed, I claim for this work a special usefulness and fullness by 
virtue of my Ipng experience as an Agricultural Editor. In the department of JSnglish 
Phrases I have also endeavored to give it an exceptional value. 

The manual labor connected with the writing of thin Dictionary, and the correcting ol a 
threefold series of proofs, has been done by my own hand during the spare hours of othec. 
arduous emplc^yments, and I can therefore only hope that reasonable correctness and 
uniformity of execution have been ftttoined. I have aimed to make this work *■ truly 
American production, and trust it will meet and deserve a wide acceptation at the hands of 
the innumerable multitude for whom it ia inttnded, while it escapes, what it does not 
court, the hypercriticism of the pedant. 

WM. L. ALLI802>. 
Nbw ToBX, ifoy, 1S8L 


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Adastrapcraspera. — To the stars 
through difficulties.— Motto 
OP Kansas. 

After a storm comes a calm. 

Auctor prctiosa facit. — The giver 
makes the gift more precious. 

Aura mediocrltas.— The golden 




/.a eontnietion of am, one t 
it f« th« indeflnite article, 
aArl u»ed before a conso- 
nant, as B bird, a man ; 
means any, one. 

A1. hizhest conuucrcial cred- 
it ) first-class, as a ship. 

Aback. (a-balO ad. tack- 
ward ; from belnud i sails 
^ct towards the mast ; 
hence, uken aback, sud- 
denly taken by svirprise. 

Abiicus. (ab'a-kus) n. a crown 
of a col- 
umn I an 
«!il table 
for calcu- 
lating by.otiUdittg balls I 
square or panel ) a side- 
board or buffet. 

Abrift. (a-bafr) ad. toward 
the stem of a ship; be- 
hind ; farther aft. 

Abandon, (a-ban'dun) r. f. 
to desert t to forsake whol- 
ly ; to leare to itfclf. 

Abandoned, (a-ban'dund)a. 
given up? rery wicked; 
lost in character. 

Abandonment. (a-b«n*dun- 
ment) n. entire desertion ; 
«i;iving up wholly. 

Abase, (s-bas') r. f. to east 
down; to lower: to humble. 

Abatement, (a-bas'nient) n. 
act of humbling ; low «tate. 

Abash. (a-baBh')t>. t. to con- 
fute ; confound t put to 
shame ;— m. abash'ment. 

Abatable, (a-bat'a-bl) a. ca- 
nnble of being abated. 

Abate, (a-baf) v. t. to lessen j 
to decrease In price; tcut 
down ; dcpre!«si r.t. subside 

Abatement. (a-b4t*ment} n. 
the snm tlken away ; dim- 
inution ; deduction ; ex- 
tenuation ^-<(. aba'tabic. 

Abatis, Ca-b»4S9 n. brmnehea 
of trees with ■harpcncd 

Joints tumiai; outward for 
efence agHiust,or protc** 
tlon of ■ body of troops. 

Abattoir, (a-bet-wor^ n. a 
public slaughter-house. 

Abba. (abba) k. a scriptural 
word for father. 

Abbacy, (ab'ba-si) m. rights 
and office of an abbot. 

Abbe. (ab'b&) n. a title with- 
out otBce t an abbot. 

Abbess, fab'bcs) u. gorem- 
esaoia nunnery. 

Abbey, (ab'bc) a. a religious 
establishinent or convent. 

Abbot, (ab'but) n. the gov- 
ernor of an abbev. 

Abbreviate. (ab-brS'Ti-it) r. 
t. to abridge ; to shorten. 

Abbrcviiition, (ab-br#-vi-a'- 
shun) n. oct of •horteniu;; 
or reducing ; a con traction. 

Abdicant, (ab-di-kant) a. 
abdicating i — n. one who 
givea up a right or ofllee. 

Abdicate, <ab'de-kit) r. t. or 
t. to abandon office or pow- 
er, without a formal resig- 
nation ; to leuouuce. 

Abdication, (ab-di-ki'shun) 
N. the abandoning of au 
office, right, or trust. 

Abdomen. (nhndO ' iiienX n. 
the lower part of Che belly. 

Abdominal, <«b^lum'in-al) a. 
pertainingto the abdomen. 
ifcht/i.) A group of ishes 
with the bartied ftaa under 

the abdomen behind the 

Ccctorals. OS the parr, 
iuct. (ab-duktO v. t. to 


take away pHrilr and forc- 
ibly !—». abduc'for. 

Abduction, (ab-duk'khnn) a. 
act of curryin;; away e^p. of 
a person by fraud or lorcc. 

Abccednrnin, (a-be-ee-<Ia- 
nan)» cue vhotcachckor 
IS learnins the alijhalM't. 

Abed, (n-bed >«*/. m bed. 

Aberrance, (ub-crtns) m. a 
deviation f i-nm the rl^rht. 

Aberratu»i, (al>-er-4'»huii)a. 
act of wsndering : out of 
one's head : deviation from 
the righ t :— a. abe Krant. 

Abet, (it-bcf) r. f . to aid ; to 
encourage ; to help y—»*. 
abet'ment, abetfor :— wpr. 
abett'ing ;—;>/>. abetted. 

Abeyance, (a-ba'ans) n. a 
8t;iteof auKpension ; kept 
back ; withlisld for a time. 

Abhor, (ab-hor) v. t. to 
loathe t to abominate ; tn 
hate ;— P7»r. abhorr'ing :— 
t>n. abhorred' i—u. oduiUs. 

Abnorrence. (ab-ltoz^rent) m. 
extreme luitred. 

Abhorrent, (ab-hor>ent) a. 
detesting ; al>omiuating. 

Abide, (a-b[d ) r. i. or t. 
\pt et. and /ip. abode] to Kt!»y 
or dwell in a phco : to re- 
main for; to wait for. 

Abiding, (a-bidin;;) a. h't- 
Ing s pertnnnent : —j^j^r. 
dwelling: contiiiuinxr. 

Abigail, (ab*c-gi!) >i. a lady's 
waiting mnid. 

Ability, (a-billi-tfy n. ftnte 
of being cble : »l:ill ; pow- 
er i means i riches. 

Abject, (abMoVt) «', low; ▼lie: 
tMse : hopclCMi jevujf 

Abjectuchs, (ttb'ji-kt-nes) i». 
iiienn, low state, or Bomt. 

Abjure. (alj.joorO '*. '• ^ 'e- 
nounc^e npon O'tJi ; to for- 
swear : to retract. 


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Andaces fortuna juvat, timid- 
osque repellit. — Fortune as- 
sists the bold and repels the 

Apr^s moi Ic deluge. — After mo 

the deluge. 
Assez consent qui ne moi dit.— 

Silence is consent. 



Abjuration) (ab>joor-a'shun) 
n. net of abjuring. 

Ablative, (ab'U-tiv) a. that 
which takes away, {gram.) 

Ablaze, (a-bla^') ad. on fire ; 
in a blaze ; highly excited. 

Able, (&'bl) a. havms skill , 
power, or knowledge. 

AbIe*bodicd» (4-bl-l)od-id) a. 
having a sound body. 

Abloom, ([a-blooin') ad. in 
a bloominff state ; in flower. 

Ablution, (ao~lu'shini) n. the 
act of clean hing or wash- 
ing ; the liquid used. 

Ably, (ft'ble) ad. In an able 
manner; wirh ability. 

Abnegation, (ab>ii(>£a'8hun) 
N. positive deniiil ; renun- 
ciation ; e. t. ab'neKute, 

Abnormal, tub-nomriu) a. ir- 
regular ; against rule. 

Aboard, (a-bOid') ad. on 
board a «hip or t>out. 

Abode. (a-bOd) ». habitation; 

Clace of residence, 
olish, (a-bol'ish) v. t. to de- 
stroy ; repeal ; make void. 

Abolishable, (c-bol'ish-o-bl) 
a. capable of being abol- 
ished or destroyed. 

Abolition, (ab-d-lish'un) n. 
the act of abolishing. 

Abolitionist, (ab - 0-lish ' un- 
i^t) n. one who seeks to 
abolish anything ; one who 
strive^ to destroy African 
or other slavery. 

Abominable, (a-bom'in-a-bl) 
a. unclean ; detestable ; 
execrable ; hateful. 

Abominate, (a-bonvi-nif) v. 
L to abhor ; to utterly de- 
test ;—;>;>r. abomination ; 
np. abom'inated j a. hated. 

Abomination, (a-bom-in-i'- 
shun) N. extreme hatred; 
an object of hatrwl. 

Aboriginal, (ob-d-rij'in-al) n. 
first, or primitive. 

Abori^nes, (ab-d-rij'in-ez) 
n. j)f. original inhabitants 
of a country ; its flora; fauna 

Aboiiion. (a-bc'shun) n. an 
untimely birth ; miacar^ 
liage; coming to naught. 

Abortive, ^ a - bort ' iv ) a. 
brought lortli premature- 
ly: untimely; tmsuccess- 
iul ; producmg nothing. 

.Vbound, (a-bound'> r. i. to 
be ill creat plenty! toteem. 

Abounding. (a-rbound'ing; 
p, a. flc^ntiful ; increasing. 

About, (a-houf) prep, relat- 
ing to ; near, to ; engaged 
in ; ad. ciccuitously. 

Above. (a-buv')p*ep. higher; 
beyond ; more than i—ad, 
in the heavenly regions. 

Abrade, (ab-rad') v. t. to 
rub or wear away; to 
scrape off ; —vpr. abrad'- 
ing x—pp. abr&d'ed. 

Abmsion, (ab-r&'shun) n. a 
rubbing or scrapinjr off. 

Abreast, (n-bresf) ad. »ido 
by side ; in a straight line. 

Abridge, (a-brij') v. t. to 
shorten or contract; to cut 
short i-^vpr. abridging ;— 

£p. abridged'i a, CUltalled. 
lidgciaent, (a-brij'ment) 
n- the rednctiua of a larger 
work into a smaller. 

Abroach, (a-bi6ch*) ad. 
broachcd.or tapped; letting 
out liquor ; a flowing out. 

Abroad, (a-brawd') ad. out of 
doors; widely spread; in 
another countrj*; at large. 

Abrogate, (ab'rd-gat^ v. t. to 
repeal^ annul, ilbolish. 

Abrogation, (ob-rorg&'shun ) 
n. act of repealing. 

Abrupt, (ab-rupt')a. broken; 
unconnected ; sudden. 

Abruptly, (ab-riipt-le) adv. 
suddenly \ unseasonably ; 
raggedly ; unevenly. 

Abruption, (ab-rup'shun) n. 
violent separation) break. 

Abruptness, (ab-rupt'nes) n. 
in a sudden manner. 

Abscess, (ab'8ef>)n. a swelling 
or tumor containing pur- 
ulent matter • n'-'nBof put. 

Abscind, (al^sind') v. t. to 
cut off ; to sever. 

Abscision, (ab>sizh'un)n. the 
net of cutting off. 

Abscond, (ab-^kondO v. i. to 
' run away « to disappear ; to liself; a.ahncond'- 
Mtf, us a debtor; 11 . tfbwrontf • 
«', one who runs away. 

Absence, fab* sous) n. being 
absent ; innttentiun : want. 

Absent, (ab'i^nt )a. not pres- 
ent; absent in mind; lost 
in thought : distant. 

Absent, (abtTenl) w. f. to keep 
Awav; to withdraw. 

Absentee. (a b-sen-te'i «. one 
who abtsents himself. 

Alwiinthe, (ah -Ninth') n. a 
brandy cordial flavored 
with wormwood :a.-thian 

Absolute, (ab's6-lut> a. arbi- 
trary ; unlimitca ; com- 
Elete ; without restraint, 
iolutely, (ab'fcWnt-le) ad. 
gositivcly ; i>ercmptorily. 
solutcncss, (ab'Pd-IQt-nes) 
H. completeness; aibitraiy 

Eower; independence, 
solution, (ab-sO-lu-shun) 
». act of flcqiiittul I forgive- 
ness ; remission of »-ins. 

Absolutism, (ab'sC-lut^zm) 
li. the piinciples of an ab- 
solute government. 

Absolve, (ab-zolV) v. t. !et 
free ; pardon ; a .absorutory 

Absonant, (ab'ft)-nnnt; o. 
contrary to reason; diii- 
cordunt; absurd. 

Absorb, (ab-Horb') r. t. [pp. 
absorbedj to suck up ; to 
swallow ; to engage M'hol- 
ly 5— /»»•• ab^orb'ing. 

Absorbable, (ab-^o^b'a-bl) a. 
that muy be absorbed. 

Absorbent, (ab-M)rL'cnt) «. 
suckin;* up ; — n. a sub- 
stance that sucks up. 

Absorption. (ab-8orp'8hun)n. 
act of absorbing ; entire 
occupation of mind. 

Absorptive, (ab-forptive) a. 
having power to imbibe. 

Abstain, (ab-st&n') ?*. t. to re- 
frain or keep from. 

Abstemiou:!, (ab-ste'mi-us)a. 
temperate in diet; sober. 

Abstemiously, (ab-stc'mi-us- 
li) ad. temperately. 

Abstemiousness, (ab-ete'mi- 
us-ncs) n. a temperate use 
of drink, food, etc. 

Abstention, (nb-stcn'shun; 
«. the act of rbstaining or 
refraining! abstinence. 

Abstergent, (ab-sten^ent) a. 
a detergent, having a 
cleansing quality. 

Abstinence, (abVti-nens) n. 
a refraining ; forbearance. 

Abstinent, (ib'nti-nent) o. a 
refraining from indul- 

gencc ; tempernto. 
stract, (nb-strakt) r. /. to 
remove ; to sepnratc ; to re- 
duce: to shorten : to purloin 

Abstract, (abMrakt) (r. sepa- 
rated from Romcthin-j oUc ; 
difUcult ; distinct ; — n. a 
summary or eritnnu- ; c?- 
sencc ;— 'I. abstractnes*. 

Abstracted, fab-stmkt'e<ij> a, 
separated ; absent in nnnd. I 

Abstraction, (ab-strak'shun) 


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Assez y a, si trop n*y a. — Enough 

is as good as a feast. 
Aussit6t dit, aussitot fait. — No 

sooner said than done. 

Abbitte ist die beste Busse. — Bef^ 
pardon is the best penitence. 

Apr^s la mort le m^ecin. — ^After 
death the doctor. 



n. dniwuig from « a sepa- 
ruting of luaas ; absence of 
niuia; a i>urloining. 

Abstractly, (ab'ttrakt-li) ad, 
•eiiarately ; by iuclf. 

Abstruse, (ab-Htroos) a. dif- 
ficult to be understood. 

Abstrusely, (ab-«trocs1l) ad. 
not plainly ; obscurely, 
darkly ;— «. abstriisc'ncss. 

Absurd, (ab-surd) <t. incon- 
sistent ; contrary to reason. 

Absurdity, (ab-surd'i-ti) n- 
inconsistency ; nonsense. 

Abundance, (a-bund'nn^) n. 
more tlian enough < plenty. 

Abundant, <n-bund'ant) a. 
fully Fufiicienti abound- 
ing ; plentiful % copious. 

Abuse, <a-bQz') v. t. to re- 
vile I to impose on ; to 
violate x—ppr. abfis'ing j— 
pp. nbuRcd , misused. 

Aouse, ^Q-busO n. iU-ut« i 
misapplication ; injury. 

Abusive, (a-bus'iv) a. offen- 
sive ? deceitful ; injurious j 
reproachful ;—n. abusivc'- 
ueHH \ tut. abu'sively. 

Abut, (a-buf ) ». i". to loin ; 
border upon i—ppr. abutt - 
ingi rP. abuftcd. toudicj. 

Abutment, (a-but'ment) >. 
that ou which a thing joins 
or rests ; tlic solid part of a 
pier, wall, etc., which re- 
ceives the thrust of nn arch. 

Abuttal, (a-but'cl) n. a 
boundarv, headland ; limit. 

Al^yss, (a-Lis') n. a deep pit 
or gulf; bottomless chasm. 

Abysmal, (a-biz'mal) a. 
pertaining to an abyss { 
immeasus-ablc ; unending; 
fibjfKml, of or like en abyss. 

Acacia, (a-ki'shi-a) n. a 
genus cf thorny legumin- 
ous pbnts, with pinnate 
leaves, and of an clcgnnt 
and airy appearance ; gmn 

Academicbn, (ak-r.d-c-ml»h'- 
yan) n. a member of an 
acwcmy or college. 

Academic, (ak-a-dcm'ik) a. 
relating to an academy. 

Academy, (a-kad'c-mi) n. a 
sehoi/1 where the arts and 
sciences are taught i society 

Acantlms, < vkan'thus) n. a 
genus of pnckly herbace- 
ous plants, sometime!* 
called bearV claw, or b'*nr'K 
foot t in €trch. foIiage«Jbc 

Acarpous, (a-knr'pn: )a.{hoLy 

without, or not producing, 
fruit, or fruit Moproma. 

Acauluus, (a-kaw'lusj a. 
without a f^tcm < with flow- 
ers resting on the ground. 

Accede, (.".k-sc J') i-.i. to agree 
to ; to &.-scr.t t) i to b« ad- 
ded to ; to come into. 

Accelerate, (ak-sd'cr-at) v. t. 
to hasten or quicken ; — 
ppr. accd'crating ;— /V'* »c- 
ccl'critcd { forwarded. 

Acceleration, (uk-scl-cr-ft'- 
Khun}n. actof quickcnin;:. 

Accclorative, (ak-bd'cr-a-tix) 
a. adding to velocity. 

Accent, (ak'scnt) n. a mark ; 
modulation oi tue voice ;— 
in poetry, language, words, 
or expressions in general ; 
—I', t. to note the accent ; 
to pronounce with force. 

Accentuation, fak-Rcnt-Q-a'- 
shun) n. the placing of ac- 
cent on a particular sylla- 
ble;— r. t. accentuate, to 
mark or pronounce with 
accent ; —ppr. acccnt'u&t- 
»nff 5— 7';'- accent'utttcd. 

Accept, (akHsepf) r. f. to ad- 
mit ; to take { to receive 
favorably; to promise to 
pay \—2'pr. accept'ing. 

Acceptable, (ak<epfn-bl) a. 
agreeable; pleasing. 

Acceptability, (ak-sept<a-bir- 
i-tij f?. quality of being ac- 
ceptable or ngrceablc ;— n. 

Acceptably, (ak-scpfa-bli; 
(td. pleasingly ; agreeably. 

Acceptance, (ak-s<'pt'anfi) n. 
approbation ; a biU of ex- 
change or draft accepted. 

Acceplution. (uk-Fcp-ti'- 
«hun) n. kind reception ; 
the usual meaning of a 
word or expression. 

Accepted, (ak-fcpt'ed) n. 
kindly received ; agreed to; 
regarded ; signed, as a bilL 

Accepter, (3"k-tept'ur) m. tiie 
person who accepts. 

Access, (.ik-«e«', ak'ses) n. 
admission ; approach ; in- 
crease by addition. 

Accessible, (ak-«es'e-bl) a. 
easy to be approached. 

Accession, (at-sesh'un) ti. a 
coming to ; increase ; some- 
thing added I growth. 

Accessory, (n!c'i«cti-sor-l> if. 
one who helps to commit a 
crime ; anything contri- 

butmg to ;— rt. edditicnal ; 
aiding ;— a. rcccsso'ii J. 

Accidence, (Ak'ri-dciis) n. 
the change which the de- 
clinable parts of speech 
generally undergo I a book 
of rudiments ; a gramiuar. 

Accident, (ak'sl-dcnt) n. an 
unforeseen or unexpected 
event t chance I an unes- 
sential qualify or property. 

Accidental, (ak-»ii-denrtt») a. 
a chance event; casual. 

Accidentally, (ak-«i-dcnt'-el- 
li) ad. unexpectedly; ly 
chance » casually. 

Acclamation, (ak-kla-ma'- 
shun) ti. a shout of ap- 
plause ;— p. t. nc'claim. 

Acolamalory, (ck-klam'a- 
tir-i) a. expressing joy or 
ppylause, by vdoe, feet 

Acclimate, (ak-kli'inat; v. t. 
t3 inure<to a climate. 

Acclimation, (ak-kll-mii^ 
shun) N. becommg accus- 
tomed to a fiircign climate. 

Acclivity, (ak-kliVi-ti) -n. 
rising ground ; an inclina- 
tion cf tlie earth ; ascent. 

Acclivous, (ak-kll'vus) a. as 
a hill with n slope; rising. 

Accommodate, (ak-koni'ai&- 
dat)i'. ft or adapt to; 
to make suit.ible ; to ad- 
just; to supply.; to lend. 

Accommodating, (ak-kom*- 
md-dat-ing) a. willinguess 
to oblige; reconciling. 

Acccm modal ion, (ak-kcm- 
mu-da'shun) n. adjusting 
disputes; supplying eon- 
reaicnccs, as in an notcl ; 
favor; gratification. 

Accompauiiucut, (ak-kum'- 
pa-ni-ment) »i. the harmo- 
nious vninn of parts in 
music ; that which accom- 
panies end ornaments. 

Accompanist, (ak-kum' pa- 
pist) n. the performer wlio 
takes the accompanying 
part in music. 

Accompany, (ak-kum'pa-ne) 
V. t. to jom or go with ; to 
keep company with •t—ppt: 
accom'panying; — /7». ac- 
com'paii lecLtMociacted. 

Accomplice, Cak-kom'plib) ». 
an associate ; a partner in 
crime ; a confederate. 

Accompli:>!i, (ak-kora'p1ish) 
V. t. to complete ; to effect, 
fulfill, or bring to pass. 


by Google 

Accusare nemo se debet, nisi cor- 
am Deo. — No one need accuse 
himself, unless to God. 

Abstinence is the best medicine. 

Ante victoriam ne 
umphum. — Count 
chickens before 

canas tri- 
not your 
they are 



Accomplished, ( ak - kom '• 
pluh-cd) yp, or a. com- 
plete! ; elegant i refined. 

Auconiplishment, (ak4com'- 

{)lish«iwe3t) n. a complc- 
ion t ornament of body or 

miiiu t cmbellisluneuL 
Acconl, (ak-kord) i*. i, to 

suit with I unite; agree j 

grant t — concurrence 

ot opinion ; consent i har- 

tnoavTJi crrrorf/' who 
Accoruancc, (ak-kord'an^ m. 

conformity ; harmony. 
Accordant, (ak-kord'ant) a. 

agrocabie ; currcapond}ng. 
Accorded, (nk-kord'cd) pp, 

made to agree ; adjusted { 

heartily conceded. 
Accordingly, ( nk-kord'inff-Ii) 

aJ. agreeably t suitsbly; 

conformably j consequent- 
ly ; ;>.a.accord'inf,fiertcing 
Accordion, (ak-kor'di-on) x. 

a kejf- 




. with metallic r«e^. 
Acco:>t, (ak-kotit') v. t. to sa- 
lute i tu s|ieak unu—ppr. 

and It. aceOHt'ing, address- 
ing OT Bolteitine. 
Acciititable, tak-kost'o-bl) a. 

CJuty of ucec6« { aliablc. 
Accosted, (.ik-koet'cd) j)/>. or 

rt. spoken to I addix'Siic J. 
Accoucheur, (ak-koo-she/) 

n. a man mid-wife i—j'em. 

aceottc/ieuiK iahSTf). 
Accouchment, ( r.k - koosh'- 

raong) rt. lying m i delivery 

in child-bfrth. 
Accoua*, (ak-kounf) r. i. to 

give an account ; to assign 

a reason ; to reckon ;— .i. 

regard; debt; rank; value; 

explanation ; sake. 
Accountability, (a,k-kount-n- 

biri-ti) II. responsibility to 

give account i liability. 
Accountable, (;ik-kounro-bl) 

a. liable to account. 
Accountablcncf s. (ak-kounf- 

a-bl-ncs) 11. a being subject 

to answer for. 
Accountant. (ak-ltount*ant) 

n. one who keeps or is 

skilled in accounts. 
Accounting, (ak-kounfing) 
j'pr. reckoning ; deeming i 
— H. the act of ^td lusting 
or rendering accounla. 

Aeconut-book, (ak-kount- 
booK) n. a book iu which 
accounts are kept. 

Accoutre, (ok-koo'ter) v. t. to 
equip f to attire. 

Accoutrements, (ak-koo'-tcr- 
mcnts) n. trappings, dress. 

Accredit, (ak-ired'it) v. 1. to 
give credit, authority, or 
rcputationi'-tf. uccreu'itcu. 

Acci-etion, (ak-krc'bhun) n. 
growing to ; an increase. 

Accretive, (ak-krO*tiv) u. in- 
creasing by grovrtlu 

Accrue, (?.k-kroo') v. i. to fol- 
low ; arise ; to be added ;— 
ppr. accru'ing;— j'p. ac- 
crued' t—a. accumulated. 

Accruemcnt, (ak-krro'inent) 
n. increase i growtli. 

Accumbent, (iik-kum'bent) 
a. lyitfgdown ; rccllniuc. 

Accumulate, (ch-ka-mu-fat) 
v.t. or I. to heap together ; t j 
pile up or collect in a mass 

, gathc 

Accumulation, (nk-kfi-niii' 
i&'shun) n. act of accumu- 
lating ; great collection 5 a 
heap, mass or pile. 

Accumulator, (nk-kfl mil-la- 
ter) n. one who accumu- 
lates or amasses. 

Accuracy, (ak'kQ-rft>si> x. 
exactness 1 correctness ; 
truthfulness iilccfy. 

Accurate, (ak'ku^t)a. with- 
out error or defect; with 
great care and precision. 

Accurately, (ak'ku-rilt-h» ad. 
exactly, nicely, correctly. 

Accursc, (ak-kurs') v. t. to 
doom to misery j to cnrsc. 

Accureodj (r.k-Kurs'ed) n. 
that which i4CurKed;«. 
doomed 5 extremely wicked. 

Accusant, (.ik-ku*'2ant) n. 
one who accuees, accuser. 

Accusation, (ak-kil-zA'shur; 
n. a complaint i charging 
one with crime, or a fault. 

Accusative, (ak-kOz'a-tiv; a. 
act of accusing; objective 
case of a noun. 

Accuse, (ak-kQz') t». t. to 
chai^o with a crime ; to 
censure, accuse, impeach. 

Accuser, (ak-kuz-er) n. one 
who brings a charge. 

Accustom, (ak-kurtum) v. t. 
to use one's self to; to 
make familiar by custom. 

Accustomed, (ak-kns'tumd) 
a. iisual I uned ; frequent- 
ed, frequent. 

Ace, (is) n. a unit on cards 
Of dice ; a t.-iflc. 

Aceldaraii, (:-.-6erda>ma) n. a 
licld of blood. 

Accnlialous, (amef'al-usi a. 
without u head or chief. . 

Ace-point, (ds'pomt) n. the 
si'io of a card or die thai 
has but one spot. 

Acerbity, (a-«er'bi4i) n. bit- 
tcmettsot taste 1 hai'shncM; 
severity ; sourness. 

Acescent, (a-ses'cnt) a. tend- 
ing to Bonmess ; acid. 

Acetic, (a-Mtik) a. relating 
to pare aciJ or vinegar. 

Acetify, (a-Bofi-f i) r. t. or i. 
to turn to acid or vinegar. 

Acctilication, (a-^efi-fi-ci- 
shun) n. tiie act of mahiBg 
sour, or the operation 01 
making vinegar. 

Aoetomctor, (as-c-tom'c-t»r) 
N. an instrument for mea^- 
urt^jg llic strength of ncidk. 

Acetous, (i-ec'tus) n. having 
a four ti5t2 ; sharp. 

Ache, Qk) r. 1. to he in pafn : 
to suiTcrgrlcf or distre^s;'- 
n. bodily pain ;—a. acli'ing. 

Achievable, (a-chcv'a-bl) «. 
]x>ssib!c to be dmie. 

Achieve, (a^hav; i-. t. to do 
to accomplish ; to obtain . 

Achievement, (a-chov'mvnt) 
a. ng-eat deed j an action ; 
exploit; leat ;— «. achicVer 

Aching, (ukinr) n. uneasi- 
ness ; pnm ; distress. 

Achromatic, (ak-iO-m.nt'fl:) 
a. free Irom color; a term 
applied to telescopes. 

Acicular, (a-sik'tl-hr) o. 
needle-shaped; slender 
and sharp-pointed. 

Acid, (as'iil) n.a. sour sub- 
stance by which salto arc 
formed; sharp like vinegar 

Acidity, (a-sid'i.ll> n. sharp- 
ness; sourness; V. <• acid 11 V 

AcidiScaticn, (n-sid-f-.'!-kii- 
shun]| n. t'le act or process 
of acidifying or chnnging 
into an acid j«. acidifi'er. 
Acidulate, (r.-sicra-liil) v. t. 
to make slightly acid. 

Acidulntis, (r.-6id'u-liiB) a. 

Mtehtly sour j subacid. 
Aciform, (as-i'form) «. hav- 
ing the form of a needle. 
Acknowledge, (ak-n6l'ej) v. 


by Google 

A bon vin, fl ne faut point 
bouchon.— Good wine needs 
no bush. 

Act! act! in the living present. 

A bon chien il ne vient Jamais 
un bon os. — A good bone 
never comes to a good dog. 

Abused patience turns to fary. 



t. to own ; to confcw that 
one kaov7s } to admit 

Ackaowlcdemcnt, (ak'nOl- 
ej'incnt) n. conceding the 
truth ; cont'essicn $ thanks. 

Acme, (ak'mc)«. the higliest 
point I itiimmit ; crisis. 

Acotytc, (ak'o-lit) n. on at- 
tendant ; a companion or 
8ervank;«KoDi (.li.ofliwr. 

Aconit , (ak'u-nit) n. a genus 
of iilant^ of the Kauuucu- 
I'ls order, containing' the 
herb woU's-bane or mcynk's- 
liuod, every part cf whicli 
is strongly poisonou«; a 
poison. In Jaedidne^ a 
liomconathic preparation. 

Acom, (a'korrt) n. the seed 
or fruit borne by the oak, 
being an ovnl nut growing 
in u rough cup. 

Acoustic, (a-!ccus'tik) o. rc- 
Utiog to hearing t pertain- 
ing to the HCicnce of sounds 

Acoustics, (.i-kouH'tiks) n. pi. 
the science of sounds, their 
nature and laws; remedies. 

.Vcquaint, (ak-kwaut') v. t. 
t? make familiar uiUi i to 
apprise ; to iiifomi % to 
make known > ta declare. 

Acquaintance, (ak-kwanf- 
rus) n. n person whom we 
know 5 familiar knowledge. 

Acquainted, (uk'kwinfcd) 
p. ad. well known » fa- 
miliar ;— ;)/jr. ncquaint'ing^. 

.^cquiosce, (ah-kwc-e3'> v. i. 
to be satisUed with t to 
consent or ascent; to sulv 
miC to \—pjir. acquies'cins ; 
-^jyp, acquiesced', agrcea. 

Acquiescence, ([ak-kwi.-es'- 
ons) n. complinnce i sub- 
mission ; consent 

Acquiescent, (ak-kwi -es'ent) 
a. submitting ; eat>' « dis- 
posed to submit. 

Acquirablc,(r.k-kwlr'a-bl) a. 
that may be acquired. 

Acquire, (ak-kwir'> v. t. to 
attain ; to gain ; to procure ; 
to gain something perma- 
nent •,'-ppr. ocquir'ing {— 
pp. acquired'; a. not innate. 

Acqnizvracnt, (ak-kwlr'- 

ment) n. that which is ac- 
quired : attaiuuicut % gain. 
Acquisition, (ak-kwi 'zisb'* 
ud) n. the thiiig acquired ; 
the act of guiuiiig} riches. 
Acquisitiveness, (oh-kwizit- 
iv'nes) n. a desire of ob- 
taining possehsion. 
Acquit, (ak-kwif) v. t. to set 
free, or release Ircm accu- 
sation, guilt, or suspicion ; 
to clear from ; to absolve ; 
/;;>. acquitfing ;— j»i>. ac- 
quiJt'ed, discbanjed. 

Acquitment, (uk-kwifmeot) 
n. act of acquitting. 

Acquittal, (:uc-kwit'al) n. a 
rplease from a charge j de- 
liverance ; discliarge. 

Acquittancp,(ak-k wit'ans) n. 
discharge for a debt » a re- 
ceipt in full fbr debt 

Acre, (a'ker> n. a piece of 
land containing 43,500 
square feet, or 4840 square 
yards, or 1C(> square rods. 

Acreage, (a'kcr-dj) ». the 
number of acres in a piece 
of lanc!i— «. ttcrtd, landed 

-\cricl, (uk'iid) a. of a hot, 
biting, pungent quality , 
bi'.ter taste ; acrimonious ; 
siiarp: ». ae'ridne^s. 

Acrimonious. (alt-ri-m6-ni- 
us) a. abounding wifh ac- 
rimony f sharp J bitter ; 
corrosive f austere. 

Acrimony, (ak'tfinoa-f) n. 
bittcmciis of feeling or lan- 
guage 7 sharpness ; ill-na- 
ture ; tartness of temper. 

Acritude, (ak'ri-tud) n. an 
acrid, biting taste ; bitter- 
ness of temper or language. 

Acroamntic — 111, (ak-ro-a- 
hiit'-ik — al) a. esoteric; 
objure f deep } abstruac. 

Acrobat, (ak'ro-bat) n. a rope- 
dancer ; a vauUer. 

Acronical, (a-kron'ik-ol) a. 
applied to st&ra that rise 
at sunset and set at sunrise, 
or opposite to the sun. 

Acroi)olij«, (a-krop'o-Jis) ». 
the Athenian or any citadel 

Across, (a-kros') prtp. ath- 
wart j from side io side; 
quite over ; crosswisa. 

Acrostic, (a-lcros'tflt^ n. a 
PQcm whdse initial letters 
fonn the name of a person. 

Act, (akt) n. a dca^ or ex- 
ploit f a part of a play i 
a law ;—i>.t to perform; to 

move i to feign \—v. L to 
imitate ; to be in action ; 
to behave one's self. 
Actinism, (ak'tiu-izm) n. 
thaw power in the tunV 
raya oy which chcpiiccl 
changes arc produced^ c» 
in pbotogi-anl.yi a. octin'tc 
Acting, (aktlnj) fc. cct of 

periurminer or plsyiug 

Action, (ak'bhuK) n. oiipoMte 

to rest ; suit at lav.' ', tiling 

performed ; a tiling dene ; 

battle ; deed ; gc&turc i 

exercise rope ration ; igoncy 

Actionable, (ak'shun-c-bl; a. 

punishable by kw ; lor 

which a suit will lie. 

Active, (ak'tiv) o. nimble; 

oyile ; quick of motion. 
Activity, (ak-tiv'i-tf) ». be- 
ing octivc; nimble; b.-ict. 
Actor, (ak'tur> n. one that 

perforins ; a stage-player. 
Actress, (ak'tres) u. a f eni^e 

actor or stage-iilaycr. 
Actual, (akru-al) a. cfert-in ; 
real » not speculative ; pos- 
itive; asatprcscntcxisting. 
Actualize, (ak'tu-cl-Ir) r. f. 
to make actual ;^pj-'r. cc' 
tfiallzing;— nnac'tuallzcd; 
—.1. aCtualitv. reabtv. 
Actually, (ukfii-nl-:!. ml. in 
act ; really ; ia fact ; truly ; 
eertainl V i verily. 
Act,uaiy, (akt'u-r.-ri) m. a reg- 
istrar or clerk of c couit ; 
a copyist; one ^vho ccrtilio- 
the correctness of a bal- 
ance-sheet, and makes oil 
the calculation » connected 
with life insurance, etc. 
Actuate, (:ik4a-fit;| v. t. ti. in- 
fluence; tr>put il : (.titn. 
Aculeate, (a-ku'lc-al) n 
prickly , ns a sharp uouii o; 
sting en tlie bark ol w«>od. 
Acumen, (a-kfi'mon^ n. 
quickness of intellect ; 
penetration ; acuteness ; 
sagacity » sharpnesa. 
Acuminated, (a ^k u ' min-ftt- 
ed) a. sharpened i> a iH>int. 
Acumination, (a-kM-min-tV- 
shun) n. pointed head ; 
qnklcnen ; penetration. 
Acute, (a-kiit') a. sharp: 



by Google 

A chemin battu il ne croit point 
d'herbe. — No grass grows on 
9, beaten road. 

A bad excuse is better than none. 

Aide toi, le cicl t'aidera. — Help 
yourself, and Heaven will help 

A bad penny always comes back. 




shrill; keen; shrewd; Ixi^h- 
ly sensitive; (G'eo.-u.) An 
angle loss than W degrees, 
or Tees than a nglit angle. 

Acutencss, (a-kut'-ncs) n. 
quickness of intellect and 
senses ; crisis of a malady. 

Adage, (ad'aj) a proverb ; an 
old saying, or maxim. 

Adaijio, (ad-a'ji-0) n. in 
rnusicy a terra used to mark 
a slow time. 

Adamant, (ad'a-mant)»i.that 
which cannot be broken ; 
a verA' hard stone ; the dia- 
mond 5 loadstone. 

Adn man tine, (ad-a-manf- 
m) a. extremely hard ; 
mode of. or like adamant. 

Adamic, (ad-am'ik> a. per- 
taining to Adam or his a^. 

Adapt, (a-dapf) v. I. to suit ; 
to make fit ; to adjust ; to 
apply J to proportion. 

Adaptability, (a-dapt-a-bil'i - 
ti) n. capability of adapta- 
tion ; fitness ; plasticity. 

Adaptable, (a-<lapt'a-bl) a. 
that may be adapted. 

Adaptation, (a-dap-ta'-shim) 
'n. suitablcncBS ; Atness ; 
the act of making suit- 
able, o- of conformiojr to. 

Adnys, (a-dazO ad. on days ; 
every d;;y; see nuwuUuy*, 

Add, (ad) I', t. to put to- 

Sethor ; increase ; sum up. 
dendum, (ad-den'dum) n. 
something added ;—pL ad- 
denda, an appendix. 

Adder, (ad'er) 
n. a viper. 

Addict, (nd- 
dikf) V. t. 
to devote ; 
to give up ^" 
to ; to attach to. 

Addicted, (ad dikt'ed) pp. 

Sivcn up ; habituated. 
dictednesB, (ad-dikt'ed- 
ncs) n. devotedness. 

Adding, (add'-lng)2M)r. join- 
ing ; putting together ; in- 
creasing i—yp. add'cd. 

Addition, (ad-dish'un) n. an 
adding to ; increase ; the 
rule in arithmetic for add- 
ing sums up;ra nilditton\o. 

Additional, (ad-dish'un-al) 
a. that il added i more. 

Adaic, (ad'dl) r. f. to make 
corrupt ; — o. barren, bad. 

Addled, (ad'dldj a. morbid ; 
corrupt ; putnd ; empty. 

Addicpatcd, (ad-dl-paf-ed) 
a. haviug empty brains. 

Address, (ad-drca') v. t. to 
direct to ; to prepare iOT ; 
to speak or write to; to 
court ; — n. application ; 
speech ; manners ; dcxtt r- 
ity; supcrs3ription on a 
letter;—;;/, addresses at- 
tcutions of a lover. 

Adduce, (ad-dus') v. t. to 
bring forward ; to allege, 
to cite, or quote. 

Adducible, (ad-du'sc-bl) a. 
that may be adduced. 

Adducing, (ad-diis'ing) ppr. 
bringing torward ; citing 
in argument j —pp. ad- 
duced', quoted; presented. 

Adept, (a-depf) n. a person 
who has attained proucicn- 
cy or great skill ; — a. com- 
plcttly skilled or versed. 

Adequacy, (ad'6-kwarsi) n. 
quality of Dcine equal to s 
a sufilciency;eQ«ctivenetos. 

Adequate, (ad'5-kwat) a. suf- 
ficient ; equal ; even ; just. 

Adhere, (ad-her^ v. t. to 
stick close; to take pait 
with ; —ppr, adher'ing ; — 
pp. adhered', persevwred. 

Adherence, (ad-hSr'-ons) n. 
the state of adhering ; be- 
ing united or attached. 

Adherent, (ad-her'ent) a. 
united with or to ; sticking 
to ;— 71. a follower. 

Adhes^ion (ad-hc'zhun) n. 
the act of stickingorcleav- 
ing; steady attachment. 

Adhesive, (ad-he'siv) a. 
sticking to; tenacious. 

Adhesively, ( ad - he 'siv-l i) 
ad. closely, tenaciously. 

Adhesiveness , (ad - h6 ■^si v - 
ncs) n. quality of sticking. 

Adiuu, (a-d'.V) ad. farewell; 
—n. act of taking leave; 
lit. I comrrtend you to God. 

Adipose, (ad'i-pos) a. fat, 

Srcasy, imcltious, oily, 
it, (ad'it) 11. entrance into 
a pit or mine ; access. 

Adiacency, (ad-j&'sen-si) n. 
state of Dordenng upon. 

Adjacent, (ad-ja'scnt) a. ly- 
ing close to ; contiguous. 

Adjacently, (ad-ja-sent'li) 
aV. po as to he adjacent. 

Adjective, (ad'ick-tiv) n. a 
word added to a noun to 
describe it, or denote wnne 
property of it. 

Adjectivcly, (dd'jck-tiv-li) 
ad. like an adjective. 

Adjoin, (ad-join') r. t. or t. 
to lie next to ; tn join. 

Adjoining, (ad-jciu'ir.g) a. 
adjacent t joining to. 

Adjourn, (ad-juru) v. t. to 

Sat olr ; to postpoue ; to 
clny J to defer ;— v. t. to 
leave off for a time. 

Adjournment, (ad-jum'- 
mcnt);i.theactot adjourn- 
ing ; the interval it causes. 

Adjudge, (ad-juj) r. t. to 
sentence ; tu decide ; to 

Judge or doom. 
Ijudged. (ad-jujd') PJ5. de- 
tonnmed ; declared. 

Adjudicate, (ad-juo'di-kfit) 
V. t. to determine by law ; 
—p/ir. adjti'dicating;— pj}. 
adju'dicated. decified. 

Adjudication, (ad-joo-di- 
ka'-shun) n. judicial trial 
or sentence ; judgment, or 
decision of a court 

Adjunct, (ad'juugkt) n. 
something joined tu an- 
other ;— a. added to. 

Adjunctive, (ad-jungk'tiv) 
n. that which is joined. 

Adjuration, (ad-ioo-ra'-sbun) 
R. a solemn cnarging ; an 
oath used in adjuring. 

Adjure, (ad-joor') v. t. to 
charge on oath ; to enjoin. 

Adjust, (ad-jusf) r. f. to reg- 
ulate ; to set right ; to £t ; 
to rectify } to settle. 

AdjusUble, (ad-jusfn-bl) a. 
capable of being adjusted. 

Adjustment, (Jjid-Jupr-raent) 
n. a setting in order ; regu- 
lation ; settlement ; ar^ 
rangementt agri-tineiit. 

Adjutancy, (ad'joo-tan-se) 
n. office of an adjutant 

Adjutant, (ad'joo-tnnl) »». a 
military officer who nidsiti 
the execution ot o ders, 
places guards, etc. ; a large 
jspecies of crane in India. 

Admeasure, (ad-mezh'ur) 
V. t. to measure ; to appor- 
tion \—ppr. admeoii'uring ; 
— ;>p. admeas'urcd. 

Admeasurement, tad-mezh'- 
iir-ment) n. tnkmg of di- 
mensions or measuring ac- 
cording to rule. 

Administer, (ad-min'is-ter) 
r. f. or r. to serve ; to min- 
ister to 5 to conduct ; to 
settle an intestate estnto. 


by Google 

A la faim il n'y a point de mau- 
vais paiii. — To the hungry no 
bread is bad. 

A burnt child dreads the fire. 

After a tongue has once got the 
knack of lying, it is not to be 
imagined ho^r impossible it is 
to reclaim it. — Lord Ches. 




Adm'.nistcrUl, (ad-min-iv 
t«'ri-<il) a. pertaining to 

Adminiutration, (ad-win-i^ 
tr*'i<hun)n. the act of ad- 
ministering I the executive 
Sart of povcmmcnt. 
mijiistrativc, (nd-minMa- 
tr4t-iv) a. conrernmjc ad- 
minihtmnon or gf;vera- 
iitcnt. ornbilit^ to lead. 

AriniiniBtmtor, (ad-min-ts- 
trit'er) n. he who manages 
the cstito of one dyinff 
^rithoiit mnkir.K a will ;— 
fern, administratrix* 

Admin Htratorshtp, (ad-min- 
i6-trftfer-8hi(>)n. the ollicc 
of .in adminiRtn;t«r. 

Admirable, («d'n'ir-a-bi) a. 
'worthy of admire tlo!Jt rare, 
wonderful ? to the purpose. 

Admirably, (ad'mi*ra-b>i} 
ad. vronderfuUv, rxccl- 
Inntly ; very wefl. 

Admiral, (ad'mi-ral) n. com- 
mander of n fleet 

Admiralship, ( ad ' mi • rtil- 
•hip) ». office of admiraL 

Admiralty, (ad'mi-ral-ti) n. 
the supreme naval olnce, 
board, or court 

Admiration, (ad-mi-ri'shun) 
n. nstonuhment ; wonder ( 
esteem i affection ; notice. 

Admire, (ad-mtr') i . /. to re- 
gard ; to c».tecm: to wonder 
at ;—pi>. admired'. 

Admirer, (ad-mlr'er) n. one 
who admires ; a lover. 

Admiring', (ad-mtr-ing) ppr. 
regarding with pleasure, 
love, or esteemi a. doatmg. 

Admissibility, (ad-miH-ui- 
bil'i-tijlN. quality of being 
admissible or conceded. 

Admissible, (ad-mis'si-blc) 
a, allowabtc j admittuble. 

Admission, (ad-muh'un) n. 
leave to enter i a conces- 
Rion in argument. 

Aduut, (ad-mit) v. t. to let 
in I to suffer t to grant 

Admittance. (fld-iniran>f) n. 
act of entering i letting in. 

Admix. (atl-mixs>') v. t. to 
mingle with nomething. 

Admixture, (sd-miksfur)!!. 
what is mixed ; mixing. 

Admonish, (ad-mon^isli) i;. t. 
to warn ; to rrnrove : to 
bring to mind \ instruct. 

Ailmonlnher, (a<l-mon'iHh-er) 
n. «»n<t who reprrtv^n 5 an 

adviser i-~pvr. admon ieh- 
ing i-f**' aainon'ished. 

Adinonihun, (ad*m6-nish'- 
un) n. gentle reproof ; 
counsel; advice idirectmn 

Admonitive, (ad-mon-i'-tiv) 
a. containing admonition. 

Admonitor, (ud-inon'i-tor) n. 
one who admonishes. 

AdnaBcent, (ad-naa'eut) a. 
growine to or upon. 

Auo, (a-<lOo') n. trouble i dif- 
ficulty ; bustle ; Ktir. 

Adolescence, (ad-^lcs'cns)n. 
the period ot youth. 

Adolescent, (ad-d-lcs'ent) a. 

5 rowing to ra^inhood. 
onis, (a-do'-nis) n. a 
charmer ; a small gold-col- 
ored fihh;— r. t. ad'onlse, 
to make beautiful. 

Adopt, (n-dopt) r. (. to take 
the child of another and 
treat it as one's own ; to 
copy ; to select t to ch6ose. 

Adoption, (a-dop'shun) n. 
the act of adopting. 

Adoptive, (n-dopt'iv) a, that 
adopts or is adopted. 

Adorable, (a-dOr ' a - bl) a. 
worthy of adoration . 

Adoration, (ad-6-ru'thun) n. 
divine worship ; homage. 

Adore, (a-dSr'^ r. t. to pray 
to; to worship or reve- 
rence ; to love intensely. 

Adorer, (a^lofcr) n. a wor- 
shiiicr : a lover. 

Adorn, (a-dorn') v. t. to deck 
or dress ; to ornament. 

Adornment, (a-dom'ment)}i. 
ornament; decoration. 

Adown, (a -down') ad. and 
prep, down ' a poetic term. 

Adriatic, (a-dri-U'-ic) n. the 
Venetian gulf. 

Adrift, (a-tfrift') a. or ad. 
floating at random. 

Adroit, (a-droit') a. bkillful ; 
dexterous ; cunning. 

Adroitly, (a-droit'li) ad. in- 

Seniously ; nimbly, 
roitness, (a-droit'nes) n. 
dexterity; quicknesit. 

Adscititlou>,(ad-si-tish'us) a. 
added or assumed; bor- 
rowed; supplemental. 

Adulation, (ad-il-la'shun) n. 
exr'essive flattery ; fawning 

Adulatory, (ad'u-Ia-to-ri ) a. 
flattering to excess. 

AduU, (a-dult) n. a person 
grown up ;— a. erown to 
mutniity or manhood. 

Adulterate, (a-dul tcr-&r) v. t. 
to debase or corrubt by 
mixture ;— a. delMKca. 

Adulterated, (x-daltcr-.'it-cd) 
a. mixed with perniciouii 
subxtanccs; debased. 

Adulteration, (a-dul-ter-i' 
shun^ n. the act of tulul- 
terating; corruption. 

Adulterer, ra-duVter-cr) u. 
a man guiUy of adultery ; 
•—fern, adulterefes. 

Adulterous, (a-dul'ter-us) a. 
guilty of adultery ; i>pu- 
riouii; illegitimate. 

Adultery, (.i-dul'ter-i)n. vio- 
lation of the marriage 6cd. 

Adultnesn, (a-dult'nes) a. tlic 
state of being adult. 

Jldumbi-ant, (ad-um'brant) 
a. giving a faint shadow. 

Adumbrate, (ad-um'brat) v.t. 
to khadow out faintly ; to 
typify ; to exhibit im per- 
fectly \—pi>r. adum'brat 
Ing \—pp. adumbrated. 

Adumbration. (ad-iim-br&'- 
ihun) n. a laiiit sketch or 
resemblance: a n-flertion. 

Advance,( ad-vans') n.agoIng 
forward ; improvement ; 
payment beforehand ; in- 
crease ;— y. t. to offer ; to 
rise in price ; to raise ; to 

Eromoto ;— y.i. to improve ; 
» rise in rank or price. 
Advanced, (ad-vansf ) pp. or 
a. moved forward ; im- 

5 roved ; eld » educated 
vanccd female, (ud-vansf 
fe-mal) n. {.Am.) a woman 
who claims the rights and 

Srivilcgcs of men. 
vancemcnt, ( atl - vans ' - 
mcut)n. act of moving for- 
ward; promotion siowth. 

Advancing, (ad-vans'ing) a. 
moving forward ; proceed- 
ing ; supplying before- 
hand ; improviug;Coniiug. 

Advantage, (ad-vant'dj) n. 
benefit ; superiority ; g-.iin; 
— n. t. to benefit ; to prr- 
mote ; to profit ;— /T- cd- 
van'taged ; radvantaginft 

Advantageous, ^ad-vau-tili'- 
us) a. profitable ; useful ; 
convenient;— n. advanta'- 
geousness ;— a»A f<dvant4'- 
geously , beneficially. 

Advent (ad' vent) n. a com-" 
ing ; the four weeks before 
Christmas ; the coming of 
ChriRt I of evcnta. 


by Google 

Apr^s la pluie vient le beau 
temps. — After a storm comes 
a calm. 

A bold outset is half the battle. 

Au regnard endormi rien nechut 
on la gueule. — When the fox 
is asleep, nothing falls into bis 





Adventitioun, ( ad-ven-tikh - 
u») a accidental; artilicial; 
casual ; <.ut<>f the ordinary 
place —aJ. adventi'tioubly 

Adveiitual, (ad-vt-nfftal) a. 
relating to the advent. 

Adv«nture,(ad-vent'ur)n. an 
ui:ui>ual exporiencc or act, 
asnnn journey ; achancc; 
a risk; an;— 
V. t. to try the chance t to 
riftk ; to dare ; to venture. 

Advtntu^er, (ad-veut'ur-er) 
n. one that hazard.s ; tries. 

Adventurously, (ad-ven'tur- 
U8-le) a. boldly j darinplv ; 
danperously ; ambitiously. 

Adventuresome, (ad-venf- 
Or-sum) a. bold ; daring. 

AdventurouB, (ad vent'flr- 
UB) a. hazardous; daring; 
enterprising ; ^ppr. nd- 
venf urine p. adven'tured 

Adverb, (aU'vcrh) n. a wonl 
used to qualify a verb, ai- 
■ jfctivc, or other adverb. 

Adverbial, (ad-vcrbi-a!) a. 
jMrtaining to an adveiD ;— 
ufl. adverDia)ly. 

Adversary, (ad'ver-sar- f ) n. 
an enemy ;• <i. hostile. 

Adverse, (a J'vers) a. opposed 
to ; turned against ; con- 
flicting; unfortunate. 

Adversely, (ad'ver»4ii tuf. 
with opposition; unfortu- 
nately ;— »«. adversc'ness. 

Adversity, (ad-vcrs'i-ti ) n. 
miitfortune; affliction; ea* 
lamity; poverty; distress. 

Advert. («a vert)r. t. totum, 
or attend to: toconsideror 
refer; to observe ; — /ipr. 
adverting i—pp. adverted. 

Advertence, (ad-vert-ens) n. 
attention to; considera^ 
tiun; heedfulnesa. 

Advertent, (ad-vert'ent) a. 
attentive : heedful t—cul. 
advertently carctnllr. 

AUvertise. (ad-ver-tlzO ^' '• 
Ut call or direct the atten- 
tion to; to inform i to give 
Jubtic notice in any way. 
vertueuient, (adrver'tir- 
A ment) n. n public notice 
I in a newspaper; informa- 
tion . an offer for sale. 

Advertiser, (ad-vep-tlr'rr) n. 
I oewh > gives information. 

Advertising, (ad-vcr-tlz'inff) 
mn. or a. giving notice; in- 
forming i—pp. advertised'. 

Advice, (ad-viV) n. instruc- 

tion ; notice t counsel ; ad- 
monition 'r-pt. advices. 
Advisable, (ad-viz' a. 

S roper to be done; pru- 
ent; expedient; wise. 

Advisableness, (ad-viz'a-bl- 
ncR) «. titness ; propriety. 

Advise, ^ad*viz') v. t. to tell 
efiie'a views to ; to counsel ; 
to inform ;— v.i. to consult; 
—-ppr. advls'ing ;— j;p. ad- 
vised' I— a. considered. 

Advisedly, (ad-v(z'ed-li) ad. 
prudently ; wisely i pui^ 
posely ; deliberately. 

Advisement, (ad-viz'ment) 
n. counsel ; deliberation. 

Adviser, (ad-vl'zer) n. one 
who gives counsel I abetter 

Advisory, (ad-vi'-zd-ri> a. 
roiitaining advice. . 

Advocacy, (ad'-V4>-ki-9l) n. 
a Dreading for; interces- 
sion ; defence; vindication. 

Advocate, (ad'-v6-kat) n. one 
who pleads the cause of 
another x—v.L to plead for ; 
to defend or vindicate. 

Advocated, (ad'\0-kat-ed) 
pp. defended; vindicated. 

Advocation, (ad-vfl-ka'shun) 
n. the office of pleading. 

Advowson, (ad-vow'zuii) n. 
the right of presenting to 
a church benefice. 

Adytum, (a-di tum) n. a se- 
cret place in an- 
cient temples. 

Adz, or Adzp, 
(adz) n. a cutting 
tool with an arch- 
ing edge. 

Aerial, (&-«'ri-aI>n. 
belonging to tha 
air; high in»ir. 

JEsi», (e-jih) n. a shield; any- 
tmog that protect*. 

JSolian, (e-<>'li-an)a. pertain- 
ing to or acted on by the 
wmds. from iEolan, the 
deity of Uie winds in my- 
thology, [time ; eternity 

iEon, (e'on) n. a period of 

Aerie, (e're, a re) n. nest of a 
bird of prey, as an eagle ; 
brood of birds of prey. 

Aeration. (ft-er.A'Hhun)n art 
of combining with carbonic 
and i exposure to the air. 

Aeriform, (*' p-i-fonn) n 
having the form or nature 
of air, AS gn» ; not solid. 

Aerify, (a'er-e-ff> t- / to com- 
bioe. UllwiUi air;s.a'«r«(ed. 

Aerolite. (a'r-o-Ut)n. Mtone 
falling from the axr ; a me- 
teoric ^tone ,ashy m cokw. 

Aerologj', ta'fr-6roJi) n. a de- 
scription « f , or the Bciencc 
that treats of, the air. 

Aerometer, (4-er-<4me-ler) n. 
an instrument f<>r measur- 
ing the density of air and 
the weight of ^ases. 

Aevonaut, (a'er-«-nawt) n. 
one who ascends or uuls in 
an air-balloon. 

Aeronautic, (a-or-6<nawfik) 
a. sailing or floating in air. 

Aeronautics, (d-er-o-nawf- 
iks) the art of soiling 
in the air : air uavi;;atios. 

Aerostat, (a'-er-O-stut) h . o n»». 
chine sustaiui)ig weights 
in the air; an ni. -balloon. 

Aerostatic, (u-ei-d-stat'ik) a. 
suspending in air. 

Aerostatics, (a-or-d-stafiks) 
«. pJ. the ncicncc of the 
tie fluids ; science of rais- 
ing and guiding hnlloons ; 
al>*o called aerostat'ion. 

.^Biuginous, (&-ioo-ii-nu:i) a. 
pertaining to or like cop- 
ner-rust or vc-dijrris. 

iEsthetic, (^-thet'ik) aisthct- 
ical, (e8-thct'ik-«l) n. per- 
taining to aesthetics :--ad. 
Ksthetic'allv, tosteJuUy. 

iEsUieticK, (es-thet'-ikb) n. 
the science of tha scnsr.- 
tions, or that which ex- 
plains the cause of men- 
tal pain or pleasure aa de- 
rived from a contempla- 
tion of the works of na- 
ture and art ; the philoio- 
nhy of the fine arts. 

^t^tival, (c6-ti-val) a. per- 
taining to the summer. 

tlie manner of folding of 

fietals in the f^owt-r-bud. 
ar, (a-far') ad. at a great 
distance ; to or from a 
distance lOr anoih«T iand. 

Affability, (af-fa-bil'i-ti; w. 
readiness t«» converse , «»•- 
ility : court eousD ess. 

Affable, (af f a-bl ) a. eas/ of 
manners or conversation ; 
benign i mild : favorable. 

Affably, (af'fa-bli ) a//, in a 
civil manner : courteously. 

Affair, (af-fir*) n. a business 
matter ; something to b^ 
managed or transacted. 


by Google 

Abeads inird der Faule fleissig. 
Thfr lazy b^ome industripus in 

the evening. 
A child's back naust be bent early. 

Adel sitzt im Gemttthe, nicht im 
Gebltite.— Nobility lies in the 
mind, not in the blood. 

A crowd is ijot company. 




Affect; (ml^fektO v. t. to 
move the pauioni ; to aim 
At ; to inake a show of ; to 
pretend; to astiiime; to im- 
itate: to dispose or incline. 

4Jl'ectation, faf-fek-ta'shtin) 
n. conceit ; aaaumption of 
wluit 19 not natural or real. 

Affec ed. (af-fekfed; a. 
ivignvc. I touched with af- 
fectation ; dispoaed or in- 
ciinfd ; full of affectation ; 
— ad. affect'edly, hypociit- 
icHlly, i»ith more appear- 
ance than reality ;— n. af- 
fect'edneas, affectation. 

Affecting, (af-fekt'ing) a. 
moving the feelings ; pa- 
thetic ; atteuipting a false 
show ; sorrowful. 

Affectingly, (af-fekting-Ii) 
(ui. in a manner to excite 
emotion ; persuasively. 

Affection, (af-fek'shun) n. 
love ? fondness ; violent 
mental excitement ; at- 
tachment ; state of the 
body, or of any part, as 
respects disease. 

Affection lite, (af-fek'shun- 
it)a. fond: tender; fuHof 
love :— ac/. affectton'itolv. 

Affective, (af-fpk'tiv) a. that 
affects or excites emotion ; 

fiainful ; afflictive, 
lai-cc, (af-flnns; n. a mar- 
riage wontmct; confldMice; 
trust:— f. t. to pledge faith; 
to betrotli, ah a dancliter. 

Affianced, ^af-franst; pv. or 
a. iMiinid in faith; pleilged, 
as to one's faith :— n. be- 
trothed ''—pi>r. affiancing. 

Affiant, (af-frant) n. one 
w)io makes an affidavit. 

Affidfivit, (af-fl-daVit) n. a 
declaration upon oath be- 
fore a pcrBOU of authority. 

Affiliate, (af-fil'i^t> r. t. to 
adupt into the same family 
or society i—f^f. affil'iat- 
injr :— w>- affll'iatod. 

Affiliation. (af-fil-i-&'«hun) n. 
legal assignment of a child; 
general cnunectioii of per- 
sons or tilings. 

Affinity, (ul-lin'i-ti) n. rela- 
tion by marriage; chemictd 
attroction : c^sc connec- 
tion, agreement, or resem- 
blance ; correspondence. 

Affirm, (af'fennj v. t. to de- 
clare positively t to cpn- 
flrm or ratify ;—a. affirm- 

able;— M. affirmer or affirm- 
ant ',—pp, affirmed i—ppr. 
affirm'ing, taking an oMth. 

Affl nnation ,(af-l enn-&'shun ) 
n. a solemn declaration in 
place of an oath; averment; 
ratification ; cotiflnnation. 

Affirmative, (af-ferni'a-tiv; 
a. that affirms or asserts ; 
poi'itive ; dogmatical ; the 
opening and; clobhig side 
in a debate t—n. position 
affirmed or declared. 

Affix, (af-rtks') r. t. to attach 
to ; to fasten to the end. 

Affix, (nf-fiks') n. a syllable 
or letter added to the end 
of a word ;— r. t. to fix to ; 
to add, as a nnme to a deed. 

Affixed. (nf-fiki>t') a. joined { 
annexed ; attached. 

Afflation, (af-fl&'shun; n.the 
act of bi-eathing upon. 

Afflatus, (af-flrtus) n, a 
breath or blast of wind ; 
inspiration : poetic fire. 

Afflict, (af-^ikt) v. r. to give 
pain, to distress, to grieve, 
to trouble, to strike down. 

Afflicted, (af-flikfed) a. 
troubled; visited with pain 
or Borrow ;— n. the afflicted. 

Afflicting, (nf-flikt'ing) a. 
grievous: dist: easing ; q/"- 
/Hc'tire, giving pain. 

Affliction, (af-flik'shun) n. 
the state of being afflict- 
ed : dir trees or its cause i 
grief: calamity. 

Affluence, ( af flu-ens ) n. 
wealth, riches, rlenty. op- 
ulence ; grent abundance. 

Affluent, ( af'floo-ent) o. 
al)<>un<ling : wealthy ;—n. a 
Eti-eant flowing into a river 
or lake. Tin abundance. 

Affluently, (nT'fia-ent-li)arf. 

Afflux, (af'fluks) II. that 
which flows to a particular 
place, as an afflux of blood 
to the head: act of flowing. 

Afford, (af-ford') v. t. to 
yield or produce ; to be 
able to sell, exchange, or 
expend ; to stipplv or con- 
fer -.—ppr. afford'ing. 

Afforded, (af-fOrd'ed) pp. 
yielded, conferred ; aoldor 
expended without loss, or 
with profit ; «pared. 

Afforest, faf-for'est) v. t. to 
turn Innd into forest. 

Affranchise, (af-fnui'ehiz) 
V. t. to make free. 

Affrav, (af-fril') n. a quarrel 
with violence ; tumult. 

Affright, (af-frit) r. t. to 
f riehten t to terrify ;— n, a 
Budden terror ; terrible ob- 
ject ; cause of fear ;— or/, 
affrightedly ; pftr. affrigUt'- 
ing ;— pp. affrighfed. 

Affront, (af-frunr) n. con- 
temptuous or mde treat- 
ment f— r. t. to insult ; to 
offend; to meet front to 
front or face to face. 

Affronted, (af-fmnt'cd) pp. 
offended ; insulted i—ppr. 
affronting, making angry. 

Affusion, (af-fQ'zhun) n. 
the set of pouring upon or 
sprinkling, as oi water at 
baptism i opposed to im- 
mersion ;— Miecf. the pour- 
ing of cold water on a pa- 
tfenfc^in a low fever. 

Afghan, (af'gan) a. belong- 
ing to Afghanistan, aooun- 
try in Asia;— ». a fancy 
Inn blanket knit from flne- 
coiored wools, etc., or em- 
broidered on t:loth. 

Afield, (a-feld') tul. to the 
field : a poetic phrase. 

Afire, (a-f IK) ad. on fire t in 
a state of infl-nrnmation. 

Afloat, (n-flOf) ad. or a. 
img; in a " 
state ; unfixed. 

swimming ; 


Afnot, (a-foof) ad. borne by 
the feet ; on foot : in ac- 
tion ; in a state of being 
Jtlanned for execution, 
ore, (a-fOO ad. or prep. 
in front ; in time past. 

Aforesaid, (a-fOr'sad) q. 
named before. 

Aforethought, (a-fAKthawt) 
a. tltnught of or meditated 
before ; premeditated. 

Aforetime, (a-f ur'tim) ad. in 
time past : long ago. 

Afoul, (a-fowr)a. orarZ. en- 
tangled ; in collision. 

Afraid, (a-frad) ft. 1 earful: 
apprehensive ; cowardly. 

Afresh, (a-frcsh) <i(/. anew; 
again; with greater eiiergy. 

African, (af'-rik-an) a. per- 
taining to Africa ;— (am.) 
Africanize ;— v. /. to place 
under control of negroes. 

Afrit, (af-rit-) w. evil object. 

Aft, (aft) ad. or ci. aatem oi' 
townni the stern of ships. 

After, (af t'er) prep, later in 
time-; beliinu >^a. latter ( 


by Google 

Advocaten sind des Teufels 
Spielkam roden. — Lawyers 
are the devil's playmates. 

A dead mouse feels no cold. 

A cader ya chi troppo alto sale. 
Who climbs too high is sure to 

A deed done has an end. — Ital. 




— ad. later in time ; In 

search of « in Imitation of. 
Aiter-ages, (afrer-aj-ez) n. 

j>l. later a»c8 ) succeeding 

times I posterity. 
A:t{T-clap, (aft'cr-klap) ». 

bomcthing coming alterall 

seemed to be overt a shock 
After-crop, (offer-crop) n. a 

second crop in the year. 
ATter-niath, (aft'er-matli) m. 

second crop of grai»s m the 

same season. 
Aftermost, (aft'er-mOat) a. 

nearest to the stern of a 

phipt hindmost 
Afternoon, taffer-noon) n. 

the time from noon to 

evening i— a. after 12 M, 
After-pains, (of t'er-panz) n. 

jil. iMiins after birth. 
Afterpiece, (affer-pSs) n. a 

piece performed c — 

play I a faree. 

alter a 

Aiterthought, (affer-thawt) 
n. reflecnons after an act : 
a later thought 

Afterward, (af fer-ward) arf. 
in after tunc » later ; sub- 
sequently I afterwards. 

After-wit, (if fcr-wit) n. wis- 
dom coming too late. 

Aga, (&'ca) n. a commander 
or chioi olHccr in Turkey. 

Again, (a-gen') ad. once 
more t a second time. 

Against, (a-gen»t') prtji. in 
opposition to : in provision 
for I close to. 

Agape, (a-?4p') ad. hnring 
the mouth iiide open t 
with staring eagerness, ex- 
pectation, or surprise. 

A;jate, (ag'4t) n. a precious 
stone ; a semi-pellucid va- 
riety of quarts : a type one 
size larger than pearl. 

Agave, (a-g4'vc) n. the Am- 
erican aloe or century 
f>Iant which grows 40 feet 
ligh i its sap intoxicates. 

Age, (aj) ». any period of 
time ; decline of life ; ma- 
turity J a generation t a 
century t a. ag'Ouf, failing. 

Aged, (i'jcd) a. old t having 
a certain age i n. the aged'. 

Agency, (i'jcn-*i) n. qualitv 
or state of action ; busi- 
ness done by an agent 

Agenda, (aj-en'da) n. things 
to be done { a memorau- 
dum book I a ritual. 

Agent, (ft'jent) n. a deputy i 

a factor t a substitute ; any 
active cause or power ; one 
intrusted with the busi- 
ness of another. 

Agglonicrate, (ag-^lom'cr-At) 
V. 1. 1 3 g:ither into a ball or 
mass }— J'. I. to grow into a 
massi— ppr. agglora'cr&t- 
ing ;— jj/». agglom'crftted- 

Ag-^Touie ration, (ag-glom-cr- 
a'shun) n. a growing or 
heaping together i a mass ; 
a medley ; a ball, as of earth 

Ag'jlatinant, (ag-gloo'tin- 
ant)a. uniting n» glue ;— 
n. any viscount substimce. 

Agglutinate, (ag-jrioo'tln-at) 
V. t. to cjus« Ui adhere ; to 

Acrjlntlnation, (a"-?loo'tin- 
ashun)n. octet uniting. 
as by glue i adhesion of 
parts put together. 

Agglutinative, (ag-gloo'-tin- 
at-iv) a. tending to,or hav- 
ing iiowor to cause adhe- 
sion or union. 

Aggrandize, (ag'gran-diz) v. 
t. to make great, rich or 

e)werf ul } to exalt { to 
rge ; to magnify. 
Aggrandized, Cas'gnm-dlzd) 

pp. made great or greater ; 
exalted x—])pr. aggrandiz'- 
ing, making great or rich. 

A^randizeraent, (ag'cran- 
aiz-mcnt) n. the act of ag- 
grandizing t state of being 
asrgraudized ;— It. oggran- 
dizert—o. aggrandisable. 

Aggravate, (ag'gra-vit) i». t. 
to make worse i to exasper- 
ate; to increase I to en- 
hance t to heighten. 

Aggravation, (ag-gra-vR'- 
shun) n. the act of making 
worse t addition to that 
which is evil or improper ; 
p.t>vocation ; exaggeration. 

Aggrcgite. (ag'gri-gut) r. t. 
to collect;— a. formed of 
parts t collected ;—n. the 
whole ( an assemblage { 
act of attachment 

Aggregation , ( ag-r*- k» ' - 
shun) n. the act of collect- 
ing into a mass < an aggre- 
gate t—ad. og'ffregately. 

Aggregative, (a^'grc-frat-iv) 
a. causing aggregation ; col- 
lective I taken together. 

Aggress, (««-?'««') v- •to 
make a first attack ; to be- 
gin a quarrel or dispute. 

AcxrcssiDD, (ag-gresh'un) n. 
the first act of uijuiy. 

Aggressive, (ag-greslv) o. 
making the iirst attack of 
hostility or injury. 

Aggressor. (ag-gre»'er> ii.oBf 
who begins an attack. 

Aggrievancc, ( ag-grcv'ans) » 
injury; wrong; oppression. 

Agjricve, (o^-griV) r. i. to 
mourn ; to lament ; to give 
pain or sorrow?— />pr. ag- 
gricv'inff, injuring. 

Aggrieved, (ag-grfivd') P2i. 
pained ; afilicted; a.abuscd 

Aghast, (a-gnsf) ad. struck 
wilh amazement; stupe- 
fied with horror ; terrified. 

Agilc.({ij'il)a. active, nimble, 
alc.'t I— ad. agttetif. 

Agihty, (a-jil' ii i) ». activity ; 
quicknessof motion i nim- 
bleness in any sense. 

Ajist. (a-jisf) r. t. to feed or 
pasture the cattle of others 
zor a certain sum. 

Agitable. (ajit-o-bl) that may 
be agitated or excited. 

Agitate, (ai'i-tit) v. t. to dis- 
turb ; to discuss ; to sliakc t 
to stir violently v—ppr. •g'- 
itatiug x—pp. ag'ititcd. 

Agitation, (aj-it-&'shun) «. 
disturbance ; discussion i 
perturbation of mind. 

Agitator, (aj'i-ta-tor) a. a dis- 
turber; one who excites 
public commotion; a mixer 

Aglet, ( ag'lct) n. a spangle ; or 
the metal tag or pomt at 
the end of a fringe, string, 
or dress fastening | anther. 

Aglow, (a-gld) a. on a glow \ 
very warm, as the cheeks. 

Agnail, (ag'n&1)n. disease of 
the nails ; a whitlow ; com 
of the foot or toe nail. 

Agnate, (ag'n&t)a. related by 
the father's side ; connect- 
ed with by birth i allied. 

Agnomen, (ag-nO'men) ». a 
surname added to the fam- 
ily name, generallv on ac- 
count of some exploit. 

Ago, (a-gO') ad. in time past : 
gone ( since i agont', past. 

Agoff, (a-gcg) aa. In a state 
of desire or curiof ity ; heat- 
ed with a notion ; longing ; 
strongly excited. 

Agoing, (a-gd'ing) ad. into 
motion ; going on. 

Agonistic, (ae-O-nist'ik) a. 
relating to athletic combats 


by Google 

Arricchiscon gli awocati.— Fool- 
ish persons enrich the lawyers. 

Atqui vivere, militare est.— Sen- 
eca.— But life is a warfare. 

Arcum itensio frangit, anir? 
remissio.— Straining break/' 
bow, and relaxation reli." 
the mind.— Syrus. 



A&mize. (aga-nlz) v. i. or /. 
to wi ilfie with pain j to put 
in severe pain ; lo diatrm. 

diBJresbed with exccs/ivo I 
pam ; tortured; a. puinful. 
Agomrxng, (9g'-0-nJ*.ins)a. 
•Mffcrina: Bevere pain ; 

Ali!«S'? •^J.'*'"'' aneniah? 
Agonr, (ug'd-ni ) n. excessire 
P'lm; tonncntt a vir.Jcnt 
■trugglo : death struggle ,• 
particularly used cioxxr 
Kedcemer** sufreriups in 
thejarden , mcnuU pam. 
dS"?' <*-S-f';?-nn) o. re 
1 itlng to equal dirisjona of 
•and*; levelling sycial or 
fl!n"°*""' (»-Kr4' 


^^'^-^L'*: ? -P^cie. of ^^'ffi /*±L "-^ii op 

XiTn) H. equal division of 

i'inli-°'"^»'?P'^'"^ ' ^^^ P"n- 
ciplea of tho» who apm».^ 
or ad*-ocate thisjyWjSTii. 

53tfienti strike a bar- 
in; reconcile! not dif- 
fer; settle some point a- 
moug nianj^. Jn Juediane, 
cause no disturbance in the 
bodv I (with with as agree 

mtA);—pt: agreeing, 
gi^eablc, (a-gri'o-bl) 
pleasing to tlie mind or 

sensed ; suitable i in con- 
formity with I willing to 
agree I ettutary. 

Agreeably. (a^S'a-ble) ad. 
pleasingly ; in an agreeable 
manner;— N. ngree'ableness 

Agreement, (a^'ment) »i. 
state of agreeing; harmo- 
ny ! barg-.iin t resemblance 
of one thing to another. 

Agrestic, (a-gres'tik) a. re- 
lating to the couittfr ; rus- 
tic ; rural t unpolished. 

Agiicuituml, (ng-ri-kul'-tflr- 
al) a. ruhtting to agricul- 
tureorthcgrowlnpoi crops 

Agriculture, (ag'rl-kul-tur) 
«. tJie nrt of cultivoting th5 
ground; tillage; husbandry 

Agriculturist, (ag-ri-kul'tur- 
ist) n. a farmer ; one skilled 
or engaged in agriculture. 

Agrimony, (£^-ri-mon-i) n. 
a genus of plants of the 
rose ei-oup, with small yel- 
low flowers and bitter taste, 
used for medicine. 

Aground, (a-groundO ad. on 

' from 

^^ue, c 
fever coming in" short' a"t- 
tacks or periodical fits, ac- 
companied with shivering ; 
chilhneas; common naine 
for intermittent fever. 

Agtmh. (a'ga-ish) a. shivejw 

Aguwhncss, (agu-iah-ncslM. 
a "Jurenng as with cold. 

«" ♦ !!^M ""rprme, pity, 

"^Z""! v«-"«" t aa. further 
on I in front; in advance. 

contempt, joy, t:mmpl 
AJiead, (u-hed) ail. fur 

on I in front; in ad 
Ahoy ra.!,oy')ex.ft6, 
or call used iii^^*^ 
Aid, (ad) jv>-'' «1o*"Pl>o'* 5 
lieyAiifrp ; aiisi;«tancc ; >- 
oid'ing;-^. aid'edi 
aid'les«, without aid. 

Aid-dc-camp, (id'de-kong) n. 
an officer who convey* the 
general's orders; pi. Aides. 

Aiiiuille,(-gwgl'') n.serrature 

Ail, (ul) V. t. to feel pain i to 
be ill or In trouble }r-v, t. 
to give pain s to trouble. 

Ailment, (al'inent)n. illness ; 
pain i indisposition ;— ;>. a. 
aii'ing, full of sickness. 

Aim, (am) n. endeavor; de- 
sign I direction ;— f. t. to 
take sight ; to try r— c. /. to 
direct a weapon ; to aim 
after ^-;)pr. aim'ing;— pp. 
aimed' purposed. 

Aimless, Camlcs) a. without 
aim or object t va;cub(md. 

Air, (dr) n. the fluid we 
breathe i a tune ; music ; 
gentle wind; scent; man- 
ner » look t gesture ; de- 
portment t pL Airs, di»- 
dainlul mien;— r.f. to ex- 
pose to thocir ; to dry by tlie 
fire or air i-^ppr. nir'inp ;— 
pp. aircd'iPunfied: bruited. 

Air-built, (uKbilt) a. built in 
thecir; fandful. 

Air-cells, (dr'srlz) cells 
containing ai.%in plants,<ltc. 

Air-gun, (ar'gun) m. a eun 
charged with condensed air 
instead of powder. 

Air-hole, (ar-hdl) n. an open- 
ning to admit air, as in ice. 

Airiness, (iri-nes) n. open- 
ness to the air i gayety ; 
lightness i levity of style. 

to the fresh air I close. 
cK n*?*** ^'''-P"»"P) " 
for pro " 

a vacu- 
um by 
the air - 
from a 
'^i5*r:*air'ily, in an -■- 
manner: with vanity. 
Aule, (U) II. a walk or s 
passage in a church ; i 

1 airj 

of a Iniilding *— uriukiedni 
Ait, (At) ». n small uIan(L$ 

a r*T«r or lake. 
Afar'taf/.K little opened. 
Akimbo, (a-kiin'bd) ad. wfth 

a crook t arched t crooked 
Akin,fa-ki:i') a. related! «!• 

lied by blood; partaking of 

the same properties. 
Alabaster, (ala-bas-ter) ». _ 

fine kind of solt marble ot. 

5ulphnteof lime; a. pert, tojj 
lack, (n-lakO ex.exprcssivttl 
of sorrow or regret. yl/adq| 


ti-duy, denotes the same. 

Alacrity, (a-lak'n-ti) 
cheerfulncbs ; liveliness 
biiskncss ; promptitude. 

A-la-mode. (nl-a-ni6J') at 
according to the fashion. 

Alarm. (a-Iirm') ». a cry c 
danger ; sudden tenor ;-^ 
r. t. to call to amis ; to ex 
cite fear in ; to disturb ; t 
surpriMO i—pp. alarmed'. 

Alarm-bctl, (a-larm'bel) n. 
bell that gives notice of 
fire or danger;— n. altu-^wn. 

Alarm-clock, or watch, (a- 
larm'kink) n. a clock that 
•trikea loudly in the nightt 
watch tliat strikes the hou| 

Alamiing. (a-Urm'ing) vpd 
or a. exciting apprenenj 
Rion ; terrifying : rHtical j 

Alarmist, (u-fannist) n. oni 
who excif ea alarm. j 

Ala«, (c-las') ex. expresslTJ 
of sorrow. fwhite Imei^ 

Alb, (alb) «. a vestment q 

AlbatroiMi, (al-ba'trfl) ». ] 
large aquatic ao-sea bird. 


by Google 


«a rumpunt.tecta quictem.— 
k)lden roofs break men's rest. 
evil lesson is soon learned. 

Ad tristem partem strenna est 
suspicio.— The losing side is 
£ull of suspicion.— Syrus, 

An evil thing never dies,— Sp. 

— 'u^ 

Ibcxt, (awl-be'it) ad. ol- 
though ; notwithstanding. 

oTammalxvhoHe 6km find 
.hnix are unnaturally white 

orisiaaUv rpplicd to whtte 

. negroes \r\tl\ pmk »"«•.. 

"bum, C"lbum) «..a blan^ 

book: lor the inscrticu 

of nutogrnphs, portraits, 

f ketches, poetry, mojo^ 

i scripts, pictures » chppmffS 

Ubu.nicn, tal-baracn) n. the 

•whUc c I r.n cjjg \ cue of tUe 

i.^rftfMic principles. 

rfmtt U/al-bur-num) H. 

and «>f t pidrt* cU of the 
twecn the inner bafKy^J 
the heart-wood ; sap-wood. 
Icaid, or alcalde, (al-kad') 
If. a governor or judge lu 
Spaniith countries. 

Alchcmut, Qtrkem-ist) n. a 
nractiecr of alchemy. 

Alchemy, (al'ke-ml> n. oc- 
iultchcmwtry ; a pretend- 
ed science for tranKmutin;; 
base tnetnis into gold ; the 
flndinr; of a universal sol- 
vent or remedy, ftc. 

Alcohol, Carkfi-hol) n. pure 
— hiahly rcctiUed tpint. 

science of numbers in the i 
abstract i the scicnoi ot I 
wniTcr»alariihmetic. I 

Alscbroic, (al-i«-^»*'»f) ,/*• 
performed by or rcUtinjj 
to algebhuc processes. 
Algebraist, (-.l-jc-braist) it. 

o:ie>versed m cl?ebra. 
Alscrinc, (al-je-ren ) o. T'C- 
iSngingto Algiers « pirut- 
lcar»-it. an inhabitant. 
Alias,'7ani-as) n.t^^cconA 
trritt— cf/. tt another t;mc, 
othcrwi -e called. 
Alffi<an-H,alG'-bIX»!. else- 
where; taopleaoi tt pc- 
aon v'^<>v"«'l»cn caargcd 
vitU a crime, ullegca that 
ho was in n dilTcrcut place. 
Hen, (41'ycn) a. foreign ? 


(al-kO-hofik) a. 


pertaining to alcohol ; par- 
taking of Its qualities. 

Aleoran, (al'ko-ran) n. the 
Koran, or book coutoinini; 
the Mithnmccan faith, Ac. 

Alcove, (alkov) n. on indoor 
reeess t an arbor t a niche. 

Aldeb'araa , n. a large star. 

Alder, (awl'der) u. a tree of 
sevcrid varieties, growing 
in inoist lands t a. aVdem. 

Alderman, (awl'dcr-matO n. 
civic dignitary ; an oflicer 
of a corporate town or ^nl- 
loge ;— a. -'ictpt. aMeriuea. 

Ale, «l) n. a fermented malt 
liquor < al'rffm\umr l>eer. 

Alembic (n-lemlrfk) n. a ves- 
■d used by chemists. 

Aleit, {&-lert') ti. on guards 
Tirflanti redttj at a call ; 
bmk ( smart: nimble. 

AleTtnciw. <a-lert*nc«) n. 
briskness t «pi-tgl|tiinoss t 
actanty; nromptitnclo. 

Ahw, (iii'-Ja) sea •'ecd i-r-L 
alKse, aquMtic plants. 

Algebra, (arjff-Dro) n. the 

allowance io a wife wltcn 
legally kcparaled from her 
husband t the sum paid. , 
AiiQuar.t, (al'i-kwaut) ft. 
liiut docs not divide wiUi- 

out R remamder. 

Aliquot, (al'i.kwot)n. pai^ 
of a number cv qMantitt 
which viU divide it y.-iih- 
out a rcma-.ndcr. i},^^^ 

is im oluiuot pait ol 15. 

Alive, (.vUvc) a. in few 
m operation ? not deed , . 
lively » active ; fpr»^I»tjy- | 

fabled universal solvent. 

Alkalcsieiit. (al-ka4es'enl) 
a. tending to r.u wkal*: ^ 

Alkali, (al'ka-U) n. PO««»h,«r 
any subsUnco •oluble to 
vaecr, which neutralises 
acids i'-pl. Alkalies. 

law, oQv . <nrri<rncr : in acius ,— 7/1. «»»^»*"'~" ■.«• 
is wUl 1 spcWKI?",*'^^.. Alkaline. (al'k»:Un) a. fc«T- 
Alienabihty , ( il'yen-aiJir" ing the quahtocs of alkali- 
tl) »i. able to be trouiiXerred * ik^oid, (al'ka-loyd) ». » 


alkali.or p6ttSmWin|I»n 
slight degree the'6*iD-* 
ties of alkatii v. t. Akahfy 

or sold to another. 

Ahfcnate. (&1 yen-fit) v. t to 
transfer property ora right; 
to misapply ; to withdraw 
the affections ; a. nl'ienable 

Alienated, (alycn-fit-ed) jrp. 
estranged % divided ; with- 
drawn { transferred to an- 
other i—ppr. tl'icniting. 

Alienation. (ul-yen-A'shun) 
R. making over propcrtv ; 
change of affection 1 dis- 
order of the faculties. 

Ahcnator, (dlyen-A-tcr) N. 
one who transfers. 

dliferous, (a-hf'er-us> a. 
«iBged;<i2Vb>''". so shaped 

Alignment, (o-lin'mcnt) n. 
the fixing of a line ; the 
Mno cstabliFhcd, as troops. 

Aliglit, {a-llf) r. i. to fall or 
settle upon » to get off » to 
dismount ; to be on fire. 

Alike, (a-llk) ad. fn the 
same manner, form, or de- 
gree ; equally ;— <i. equal ; 
resembhni; » the some. 

Aliment, (al'i-ment) n. that 
which feeds i nourish- 
ment % food % support. 

Alimcntal, (al-:-mcnt'nl) Ali- 
mentary, (al-i-men t'.ar-i) rt. 
Ecrtaming to foodt nour* 
ihingt nutritious. 

AIimcntfvenesB, (al-i-menf- 
iv-ncs) M. in phrenology, 
the organ of appetite. 

Alimony, (ah'-mon-i ) n. the 

_,_ of alluilii v.t. afkarify 

All, (awl) a. every one; 
every part of; — n. the 
whole ; the entire thing ; 
the aggregate amount. 

Allay, (al.l&-) v. t. to entirely 
check ( to assuage t to pa- 
cify I to quiet ; Io soothe ; 
to alleviate;— npr. allaying 

Allayed, (AlAia) pp. quiet- 
ed } laid at rest ; abated. 

Allegation, (al-le-gft'shun) n. 
assertion {adducing by way 
of proof I— a. allege'able. 

Allege, (al-lej') v. L to de- 
dare t to plead in excuse. 

Allegiance, (al-16'j-ans) n. 
the duty of a subject to his 

fiovcmment; loyaltv; love, 
egoric, (Bl-15-gor'ik) a. in 
the form of an allegory ; 
not literal ; typical ; Tlgur. 
etive I— ad. ailcgor'ieally. 

Allegorize, (alld-gO-rlz) v, t. 
toTorra an allecory ;— r. ». 
to use figurative speeeh. 

Allegory, (al'lP-gor-i) m. a 
description of one thing 
tinder the image of an- 
other ; a parable. 

Allegretto, (al-lf-gTet'to)ad. 
in music, quicker than an- 
dante t not as quick as alle- 
arro, but lively. 

Allegro, f al-1(i'grO) «. or ad. 


by Google 

Alitur vitium vintqiie tegendo. 
Vice thrives and lives by con- 
cealment. — ^Virgil. 
Fast bind, fast find. — Shakes. 

Accipere quam facere injIiUkm 
praestat. — It is better to re- 
ceive than to do a wrong. -^ 




in niiHic. B word deootiuj; 
a bnitk inowiiieiit. 

Alteiuinh, ml-le-luo'ya) n. 
ffive prsMC to Jehovah 

AMvviattf, (al le vi-at> v. t. 
to muke h;;liti to l«<iiien i 
'to mitii^te ; to at>«uai£i'. 

m. act of rctu-ving; that 
whic'h oaACs pain. 

Alley, (al le) m. passage nar- 
rower t!i»n a street i a 
walk in a garden, etc. 

AU-fool>HUy. (awl.fooN'- 
da) «t the fimt of AnnI, fio 
called Iroin theindiiltfcncc 
0f sportive devcptiouft dur- 
ing the day. m. April tool I 

.\tl-roiini, (awl-foarz) m. m 
canl-plnymic. htgk, 4oio, 
jtwk and gante: walMng 
on two \0K% and two mnoh, 
or four leif», i» aU-/ow%. 

All-hai). (awl-hal*) ex. wel- 
come wclcdmeKoodheR'.thl 

AlMlallowa. (awl-hal'loz) H. 
a feant dedicated to all the 
►ainU. Nov. Ist. AlJllnl- 
low-maa, Ali-Mallnw-tide, 
the tinte near AII-SaintK*. 
J)av or Nor. fi'-t-t. a f^aat 
in honor of ntl thr rmri'i. 

A'hacofiUK, ( Ai-h.« nhus ) a. 
nunicent, like pnriic. 

Alliance, (al-lrnn'i) n. u' Ion 
by partv, niarnnge. Km 
dr«a« ineiidxliip or treaty. 

Alligation. (al-li>ga'>hun)n. 
tct of binding tonrethcrt 
in anthinetie, a rule lor 
lindinxthe price or vnlue 
of coinpitiinda coii«i»tinc 
of ingredients of different 

AlhgaWir. (ol-li •'^a tor) u. the 
Aixurrican crocodile. 

Alliteration. / (aUit-er-i'- 
•huii)M. rcffetition ol^ the 
Mine letterlat the b?j:iii- 
mnj of two fcr more words 
jrlose to eacln other, as in 
apt ailttcriiBii!! » ortfiil 
md' t—a. albtVrafive, per- 
tainiug to allit4ratien. 

Allocation. (al-l6-kaVhun)ji. 
ftettiuK eptutt giving to 
each liu share ; allowance 
made on an account :•'-. t, 
nllocatr, to ttiiot idiatnbute 

Allocution, (:i|-lu-ku Mhuii)H. 
a >>pvaking to ; a lonnol 
addrctM by the Pope. 

AlludiaU (al-ludi-al> a. not 
held of a itup«rior«— n. d- 
lo'dium, a freehold e>tatc. 

Allopathy, (ul-lup'a-thi) n. a 
mode of curing difoa-^Ch by 

{iroJiicing a condition of 
he »yrteiii oppo^Ite to that 
ecseiKial t« the ditteaiic. 

Allopathist, (ailop'a-thiKt)N. 
a inedtoal practitioner. 

Allot, fai-lot) I', r (/v». allot- 
edj to gire a part or share 
to i—i'/ir. allot'iug :— M. a^ 
A/rme'/<,d;atnbulu>n ; kliare 
allowed, or granted. 

Allotropie, ^al-lo-trop'ik) a. 
in chetn., with idcntitv of 
conipocition, hiitdi.Terent 
phrnical characteruttca |— 
M. allot'rfifUf. 

Allow, (aHow') r.^. to grants 
to cive leave to ; t>> abate t 
to bestow; to arord: toa»> 
tent to:— ;»pr niiow mg ;— 
»»/». aliowcd'.d.ducied. 

A.lowable, cil !ow'u-bl) a. 
that may l>cai!owcd; |iro|i. 
er ( lawful i—n. ailowable- 
UCDS i—uU aliow'tbly. 

Allowance, (ai-l(iw'aiii>) n. a 
licence % share t 1% hat is 
allowed I allowing t sanc- 
tion, abatemeiiUHettledauiit 
given to wife, cluldren.etc 

Alloy. mUoy) v. t. to mix 
one metal with another for 
lawful coinncc:— n. a baser 
inetal mixed with a finer; 
* metallic compound : evil 
tuuced with Koud: any- 
thing thatdebascb;— ;7*.,a. 
ailay<>J. reduced in puntyi 
—H. uiioy'uytt a uiuclure. 

All-souU'-d«y.(uwl.M>is' *di) 
M. a fea>>t lield by the 
Church of Home on the 
second day of November. 
to pray lor Vab suul-i oj all 
the faithful dead. 

AlUpicc. (awlspis) R. the 
iK'rry of tnc pimenta 

Allrituflirient, (nwl-Kuf-fiah'- 
ent)o. infinitely able, ap- 
plied to God :-i». all 8u£- 
ficiency » omDipotence. 

Allude, (al-iadO P. i. to re- 

fer to < to inMnuBte i~/>pt'. 
alltid'ing ;— 1//>. alluded. 

Allure, (uT-Uir') v.t. u. tciupt 
by a flattering offer, ti> lure, 
to entice t* ///«• allured'. 

Allurement, (al-liir'ment) m. 
that whicli teinpta or cu- 
ttces I a bait ; attraction. 

Alluting (al-lur'ini!)p.<i.en 
gaging : enticing ov prom- 
ine*t—ott. cllur'tncly. 

Allusion, (al-liVzhuo) n. in- 
direct reference: a hintt 
a HuggCfti jn in passina. 

Allusive. (a-iri'Mv) « hint- 
ing at vaguely ; wi. -Tj, 

Alluvial, (&liu vi-ol) a. de- 


*Uea by water, 
ivium, (ul-lu'i 
earth waMied down by 


ul-lu'vl-nm) N. 

rivers u|)un lower lauds. 

Ally, (ttl-li) V. t. \t>it. allied) 
to unite by coinpoct ;— n. a 
fnciid i confederate ; one 
related by marriage or 
other tie: an abM)Ciate:— j>/. 
Ailief>, states leagued vy 
celher m wars or negoCiOp 
fiouh i—ppr. ally'ing 

AInunac. (awl'ma-nak) is. 
a yearly calendar of 
months, weeks, d.iyn. etc 

Ahnightv, (awl-niiti)CT. ail- 
powerful ; omnipotent ;— 
n Go!> ; boundle^ power. 

Almond, (a'mundi n. *the 
fruit of the almond tree. 

Almonds^ (A'mundx) m iit. 
the toiiiuU or gland^ of the 
throat. M) called from their 
rehcnihiaiice to the nut of 
the oluioud : fruit*. 

Almoner, (al'mun-or) n. a 
diiktnbiiterof alms 

Almonry. (almnn-rDn. the 
niace where alm» ore dis- 
tributed : * numiwtary 

Almost, (awrmdst) w/ near- 
ly : well inch : mostly all. 

Alms (z\nz)H.fing. and itl. 
a gift to the poor. 

Alni!*-hoube. (aniz'-liouKO) n. 
a Iioum; for the |)oor who 
rub^i^t on chanty. 

Almus. (almiipiw a tree or 
woixl mentioned 111 the 
Bihlc. fiupposed to he the 
».andal wood.dleb. word). 

Aloe. (al'A) n. a tree of sev- 
eral species, found chiefly 
in Simth Africa : itK leaver 
are juiey, and yield a very 
bitter medicinal gum ;— p?. 
AIoch:— a. Aloet'ie. 


by Google 

Animum rege qui nisi paret im- 
perat.— Control your passion 
or it will control you. — HoR. 

A bad child is worse than none. 

Aliena nobis, nostra plus aliis 
placent. — The circumstances 
of others seem good to " us, 
while ours seem good to others. 




Aloft, (a-Iof r) ad. on high t 
high above ground ; in nir. 

Alone, (a-ldn'^ a. single ; sol- 
idary ; without company % 

—ad. separately ; by him- 
self ; by Itself ; solely. 
Along, (a-long*) ad. for- 

■ward ; lengthwise i—prep. 
throughout ; by the side of. 

Aloof, ^-loof) €ul. ot a dis- 
tance; aptirt; out of dan- 
ger ; not disposed to help. 

Aloud, (a-loud') ad. loudly \ 
with a loud voice ; audibly. 

Alp, (alp') n. a high tnoun- 
turn;— jj7. Alpst—o. Alpine, 
mountainous I . pertaining 
to the Alps In Switzerland, 
or any lofty mountains. 

Aliinca. (al-pak'a> n* aa ani< 
nial of 


hair ; a 
of the 

a tlim 

kind of cloth made of the 
wool of the Alpaca IS gen- 
erally mixed with t\lk or 
cotton. Its flesh ionm ex- 
cel lent food;— «. of its hair 

Alpha, (ul'fa) »i. tlio first let- 
tcr in the Greek alphabet ; 
figuratively, the first and 
the last J the beginning and 
thocnd ;Ki>dof God. 

Alphabet, (al'-fa-bet) w, the 
letters of a language ; al- 
pha, beta^ the fin^t and sec- 
ond Greek letters «—r. t. to 
arrange alphabetically. 

Alphal>eiicjlty. (oUia-bet'ik- 
al-Ii) ad. in the order of an 
alphabet ;— a. alphabetic ; 
alphabefical. as A, B, C. 

Already, (awl-red'i ) ad. bc- 
foi e this time ; now i early : 
tit t^inc time past 

Alsacian, (al-sa'shan) a. re- 
lating to Alsace ; o modem 
fashionable name for a bow 
tied in lon«r loop^i. 

Also, (awl'f^6) ad. in like 
manner: likewise i too. 

Altar, (awrter) ». a high place 
on which sacriftces were 
anciently offered. In Chris- 
tian churches, the com- 
munion table \ a place for 

rrayer, or for 
he perform- 
ance of the mar* 
riage ceremony. 
painting placed 
over an altar. 

Altar-cloth, (awr 
ter-cloth) «. a cloth to lay 
upon an altar in churches. 

Alter, (awl'ter) v. t. to make 
some change in ;— r. t. to 
change, or vary ; to become 
in some respects di^crcnt ; 
—ppr. alter'ing ;—i7p. al- 
tered':— <<• modified. 

Alterabte,(awl'ter-a-bl) octhat 
may be changed or varied. 

Alteration, (awi'tcr-i'shun) 
n. change ; variation. 

Alterative, (awrter-«4iv) a. 
causing change ;— n. a med- 
icine which produces a sal- 
utary chancre in disease. 

Altercate, (at ter-k&t) v. i. to 
contend in words ; to dis- 

fmtc ; to wrangle. 

Altercation, (al-tcr-ka'shun) 
n. debate ; contention ; 
wranghng j quarrel. 

Alternate, (al-tern'it) a. one 
after the othir; by turns; 
— r. /. to perform by turns i 
— t'. ». to act or happen by 
turns ;— a(/. altcrn'ctely ;— 
ppr. alternating !—:?>p. nl- 
tcm&tcd ; a. alter'naut. 

Altentation. (al-ter-na'shun) 
n. reciprocal succession ; 
interchange; in rcsponiie. 

Altc-nativc (ol-tern'a4iv) «. 
that which may be chosen 
or rejected \—a. olTcring a 
choice of two things. 

Alternatively, (dl-tern'at-iv- 
lo) ad. reciprocally j inter- 
changeably by turns. 

Althca, (al-thv'u) n. a shrub s 
a genus of plants : marsli- 
inallowii i used as a cure. 

Altliough, (awl-UiO') con. 
grant: allow ell: notwith- 
standing; however. 

Altimetry, (ai-tim'c-tri) m. 
the art of ascertaining alti- 
tudes by means of a proper 
instrument ;— «. altinrvter. 

Altitude. fal'te-tQd) n. the 
height 01 a place; eleva- 
tion ; exnltfition. 

AUo, (al't<5) a. liich :— n. in 
Music, the pert higher than 
the tenor, but lower than 
the treble ; (u»ud ia aculp.) 

Altogether, (awl-loo-gether) 
ad. wholly; without ex- 
ception ; completely ; con- 
junctly ; in company t (a// 
together^ entire number). 

Alto-relievo, (artO-r«-livo)n 
term in the art of sculp- 
ture, denoting the projec- 
tion of a figure, so as to be 
relieved or lifted from the 
surface of the block from 
which it is cut one half. 

Altruism, (alfroo-ism) n. the 
principle of living and act- 
ing for the interest of 
others ; benevolence. 

Alum, (afum) ft. a mineral 
salt ; sulphate of alunnna 
and potassa i ~ n. Alnro- 
atonc, a corrosive stone or 
calx used in surgery. 

Alumina, (al-u min a) alu- 
mine, (al-u-mm) ». one of 
the earths ; the character- 
istic ingredient of clay ; al- 
uminum, the metallic base 
of alumina . uucw metal. 

Aluminous, (al-um'n-u&) a. 
containing alum or alumi- 
na ; pureyr clay. 

Alumnus, Ca-lum'nus) 
that is nourished ; a pupil 
educated at a college, i;i 
called an alumnus ci that 
college V— />/. Alumni. 

Alvino. (al'vln) a. belonging 
to the lower belly, &ct— n, 
aFveole, a tooth socket. 

Always, (awl'waz) ad. for- 
ever ; continually ; l)crpe^ 
ually; alw.ny, (poetical). 

A.M. stands for artium ino- 

■ gi»t€i\ master of arts ; and 
for anno mundt, m the 
year of the world : tlw for 
ante meridian, before mid- 
day, from 12 u. to U U. 

Aiii, Cim) first person pres- 
ent tense of the verb to be. 

Amain, (a-manO ad. with 
main force, or strength ; 
vehemently ; suddenly. 

Amalgam, (o-margam) n. a 
compound of mercuiy 
wi.h another metal; a 
mixture ; mevcuriol alloy. 

Amalgamate, (a-mal'gam-it) 
I', t. to mix metals with 
^uicknilver s to mix ;— i'. i. 
to blend ; to unite ^—Jjpr. 
amal'gam&ting 5 — pj>' a- 
mal'gamAted, made one. 

Amalgamation, (a-mal-ga- 
ma'shun) n. mixing or 


by Google 

Attdendo masfnus tegitnr thnor. 
Great fear is coocealed by a 

bold front. — LucANi 
Facts are stubborn. — Smollett. 

Adolescentem verecuadum esse 
decct. — Plautus. — Modesty 
becomes a young man. 

A faint heart never won fair lady. 




blendiBg metals; intermar- 
riage ol tlie white with the 
negro race i union in one. 

Amanucnsin, Oi-man-u-cn'- 
hU) n, one wno performs 
Tor another the manual 
luirt o/ composition ; one 
who writes to dictation i a 
secretary ;—>;/. Anianuen- 
t>es, profesteioual writers. 

Amaranth, (am'a-ranth) n. 
amarantnus ; an unfadmg 
flower i a genus of plants 
with thin drv leave*, that 
latit long without wither- 
ing : a color approaching 
purple: an emblem of love. 

Amaranthme, (am-«>ran'- 
thu)) a. ncrpetually bloom- 
ing; UBiading,Q*oetiuta>. 

AmaryliiM am-a-nriii>>n.hhr- 
aaphodel, a genus of piante. 

Amans, (ti-masb') r. t. to col- 
lect i to accumulate ; to 
heap up ;— it. amass'nient, 
things amassed;— p;3r. a< 
niass'mg i—pp. amassed". 

Amateur. (am-a-tuO "• on* 
who studies any art or 
bcience lor the love of it, 
and not fur gain. 

.\inativcness. (am'-a-tiv-ncs) 
« propensity to love 

Aiinfory. (ara'a-to-ri) a in- 
fluenced by love ; causing 
lore ; amorous ; affection- 
ate:— a.amnto'ricl,amntive. 

AniaunHiis, (am-4u-r6'siO n. 
a loss or decny of s^:fht, 
without any visible drtf>ct 
m the eve j a. amaurofie. 

Amace, (a-miz') r. t. to be- 
wil.lor, ostoniah or con- 
found ; — M. a feeling of 
furprise, wonder, and as- 
tonishment } o. amas ing. 

Ami/cment. (a-mflz'ment) 
M. astonishment ; confu- 
sion I bewilderment of 
mind x—ppr. rmftz'ing s — 
iifi. am&zed : — a<i. ■ nma z'- 
uigly. extrBordinarily. 

Amazon, (am'a-zon) n. one 
of a r.'.cc of femule war^ 
liors who cut off the right 
brca^t in order to use their 
weapons more efficiently : 
a mnscnline woman ; a 
vinigo: a rivei in J*i». Am. 

Amn>:onian. (am-a-z6'n!-an) 
tt'I. waiitko : of uin«citlinc 
manners s ttt-fntfrminrf'tt. 

Ambassador, (^in-b«K^i-do- ) 
B. a minister of his;h rank. 

•ent as the representative 
of a sovereign nation at a 
foreign court; a mesaenger; 
one who acts for another ; 
— /<r/M, ambass'adress. 

Amber, (am'ber) M-^a yellow 
fosbil rcBin or gum. 

Ambergris^ (am'bcr-grfe) n. 
ft fragrant gray i»ubt>tance 
taken from Uie sperm 
whale I ur>ed as a drug. 

Ambidexter, (am-bi deles'* 
ter) n. one using both 
hands with equal iacilitv ; 
a double-dealer ;— m. ambi- 
dex'teritj' ;— a. ambidex'- 
trous: <uK ambidextroasly. 

Ambient, (am'be-unt) «. go- 
ing round t surrounding ; 
encoiniMi<bmg ; usually ap- 
plied to the air. 

Ambiguity, (am - bi • gik'i-ti) 
n. doubtlulne^b or uncer- 
tainty of signification ; 
double meaning, obbcurity 

Ambiguous, (. m-biK'u-us>«. 
having niu'ic than one 
meaning ; dark ; obniurc s 
doubtful : equivocal x—wl. 
ambiguously, huving two 
or more Meanings ot un- 
certain impoil 

Ambit, (um'bil) m. a going 
round : foiniM:(»h ; the cir- 
cuit of anytliiug. 

Ambition, (am-oibh'un) ». 
the dchirc for excellence, 
superiority. piCferment, 
honor, or power ; o»pira- 
tion i — #f. ainbi'ttoua. dc- 
pimus of power ; aspiring ? 
showy :— ff'/. amln'tiously. 

Amble, (jiu'b!) r. /. to move 
affectedly'; to pace as a 
Iioree bv moving l»oth leg^ 
on each side alternately ; 
to pace with an amble ;— w. 
peculiar pnceof a 
twecn a walk and a trot ; 
—ftpr. am'bling i—pp. am'- 
blcd. cantered. 

Ambler, (am'bler) n. a pacing 
or ambling horse. 

Ambrosia. fam-brO'zhi-a^ m. 
ni Mfffhofofrff, the fabled 
food of the gods, which 
conferred immortolity : 
M-hatever is very pleasing 
to the tai=to or fniell. 

Ambrosinl. (mi-bnVr.hi-ol) n. 
ambro'fsi.'rn: fmgrant: most 
dcHciouH ; pert, to Amb. 

Ambrotype, (lunlirotip) n. a 
rictnrc taken on glass coat- 

ed with iodide of silver ; a 

Ambry, (am'bri) n. a place or 
clieat toi- ai m^, plate, books, 
etc. : de|K»'itor>- for alms. 

Ambulance, (anVbO-Ians) n. 
a movable hospital m time 
of battle; a wagon fur- 
nished Willi cusiiiont t-) 
convey maimed or wound- 
ed iieofile to hospitals. 

Ambulation, (am-bu-la'shun) 
n. walking about ; act of 
walking i—a. ambulant 

Ambulatory, (am'bu-lu-tor'i ) 
a. walking to and iro i 
moving ;— *i. a gallery. 

Ambuscade, (am buirkad; n 
a place of concealment lor 
troo|>s to attack suddenly ^ 
troops lying in wait ;-///)»• 
am' buscading i — pp am'- 
buscaded ; v. t. he m wait. 

Ambush, (am'booch) m. a go- 
ing into a bubh or wood ; a 
station where troops con- 
cealed lie in wait Jor an at- 
tack ; the act of lying in 
wait ;—//>. rm'bufched 

Ameliorate. (:i-niC-l'or-fit) v.t. 
toinnke better; to improver 
V. I. to gr<!W better ;—/»/;»■. 
ameirorating :— o/j. amelio- 
rftt'cd :— ». amel torn tor. 

Amelioration. (a-nifl-yO-rft- 
shun) u. tlie act of becoiii' 
ing iKjttcr : improvement. 

Amen, (a-men ) t-o be it : be 
It cjftablished : verily : tru- 
ly ; rertainlv?— w. ♦-nth. 

Amenable, (a-mcn'a-bl) n. 
liable to the law ; rc«poiiM 
ble i accountable : — «»</. 
amc'nably. uiihWiTably. 

Amend, (a-mend') r. f. to 
nnkc better t to repair ; Id 
eorrect : to iTctily ; to»u{)- 

|»ly a defect;— ji;/;/-.r'n)ena - 
".T J — PP- amended, re- 
loiined. correcte«I. etc. 

Amendable, (a-mend'o-hl) a. 
that may be improved. 

Amende, (a-niongd') ./'/•. n. 
reparation for an insult : 
apology; amende lonoinhft 

Amendment, (-.-mond'mcnt) 
n. a change for the better ; 
alteration in a law ; ad- 
dition to a legislative bill or 
motion ; correction ; im- 
provement:— <i. amend'ed 

Amends, (••-mendz') w. pf. 
recompense ; reparation. 

Amenity, (»-men'i-ti) ».~" 


by Google 

ArgilUl quidvis imitaberis udi. — 
Horace. — Thou canst mould 
him into any sliape like soit clay. 

After one loss comes many. — Fr. 

Aut insanit homo, aut versus 
facit. — Horace. — The man is 
either mad or he is making 




plcMantnefB ; agreeable 
manners! sanvitj. 

Amerce, (a-uier« ) v. t. to in- 
flict a penalty, the amount 
of which is lelt to the mercjr 
of a judge or court. 

Amercement, (a-mer«*-mert) 
N. penalty Inflicted at the 
discretion of a court i—ad. 
amerce'able, finable. 

American, (a^mer'^i-kan) €kI. 
of or belonging to America; 
from the discoverer, Ainer- 
igo Vespucci, a Florentine. 

Ainericanuin, (a-mcKi-kan- 
ism) n. an American idiom. 

Americanize, (a-mer'i-kan- 
Iz) v.t. to render American 
institutions, life, and habits 
familiar and agreeable to a 
foreigner by longrcsiJeiice 
ia this country: ncclimate. 

Ametlo'st, (ain'O-t'iUt) n. a 

Crcciuus stone ox' n violet- 
lue color; » varietv of 

quartz, supposed to drive 

away intoxication. 
A'.niable, (&'iai>a-bt) a. 

worthy of love oraUectiou ; 

lovely i ciuinning; plcuj* 

ing i — ad. n'ni iably ;— »u. 

amiability, n'uit:ib!cnc6s. 
Amicable, (.«n i-ka-bl^ a. 

friendly; kind; obligm^; 

peaceable ,—ad. am ieabl[/; 

—n. am'icableucss. 
A5nld,(a-mid')7"'«7'. amid5t ; 

among ; mingled or mixed 

with; enveloped with. 
A nice, (amis) ». a flowing 

cloak formvrly worn l./ 

rtriests and pilgrims ; a col- 
arwo-n by priests under 
the olti, about the ncckuud 
shoulders, in ILC.Ch. 

Amiss, (i-m{s')a. In error; 
wronx ; out of order I'^ad. 
in a faulty manner. 

Amity, (am'i-ti) m, friend- 
»hip« agreement I har- 
mony; pood-will. 

Atnmouiu (um*niO'ni-n) n. 
a volitila alkali, the pun- 
gent principle of smelliag 
salts. It ia obt.-viue<l from 
banes or ooal-gos liquor; 
is gi\rca out by all decay- 
ing nitrogenous organic 
nvitter. It is a |H)wcrful 
manure, and in the p'inci- 

eil valuable ingredient in 
•imyard manures, pnu- 
d re ties, sui>erphoHphates 
and all commereiMl iertil- 

izert. It is also returned 
to the earth by snows, 
mists and rains , a ad gives 
to plants the nitrogen they 
require i a. am'moniacal. 
Ammoniac, (aro-mO'n •ak) 
n. a gum or juice used m 
medioine as a stimulant or 
expectorant; SuLcrnu 
Aimuunition, (am-m;i>nish' 
un) n. loilitary stores, as 
powder, balls, bombs, 
shells, guns. etc. 
Amnesty, (am'nes-tl) n. an 
act of oblivion ; general 
pardon of political offend- 
ers by the government 
Among, (a-mung') prep, 
mingled with ; amidst ; as- 
sociated with ; omongst 
Amoro<iO, (am-o-rO'so) n. an 
ardent lover i a wan ton 
woman i a courtezan. 
Amorous, (am'or-u&) a. in- 
clined to love I passionate ; 
fond ( tender ;— ac/. am'oi^ 
ously ;— ». am'orousness. 
Amorphous, (a-mor'fus) a. 
of irregular shape i with- 
out form ; shapeless. 
Amount, (a-raounf) r. i. to 
riM ia value ; to result in ; 
—tt. the sum total; tac 
effect, or result ;—p/*r. 
amount'inir \—pp- amount- 
ed, was equivalent to. 
Amour, Co^moorOn. a love 

intrigue} galLintry. 
Amphiuia, (ain-hb'i-a)n. ani- 
mals that can liv« on land 
or in water \—hh amphib'- 
i.init, oniphlbials. 
A:ni)hil>ioU:i, (am-fib'i-us) a. 
living in two different ele- 
ments I ad. amphibtously. 
Ampliibracli, (am^-brak)n. 
in foetru, n foot huvin^ a 
f/io.-t «yUable omeMhMde 
of a long cna. 
Amphitheater, (am-fl-thc'-a- 
ter) n. a theater of a round 
or oval fomi with an orca 
(the arena) in the center ; 
—'I. nmphithc'atrical. 
Ample, Jam 'pi) o. large t ex- 
tended ; sufficient t spa- 
cious I liberal i flowing. 
AmpliAcotion, fam-pli-fl- 
ka'-Mhun) n. enlargement ; 
diffuse discoui-»e. 
Ampliiler, (am'|>li-n-er) n. 

one who enlarges. 
Amplify, («m-pll -f l") i*. I. to 
ejilirge ; to exaggerate ; to I'- 
is. [liberally t lully. 
(am pie )aa. largely ; 
lie. (am'pA'tiO ^'* '• 

t togratny. 

d, (u-m&zd') a., pp. 

;ably entertamed ; Ui- 

add to ;— V. t. to be difTuM* 
in description or argu- 
inent ;— /)/yr. am'plifyiugt 
— i)i>. anrpHHed. 

Amplitude, (am'pli^Qd) n. 
largeness; extent; capa- 
city ; abundance; also, am'- 
pleness. ['^-^*" 

Am;)ly, (am 

Amputate, \uui uu-im^ v. •. 
to cut off alim 6 ; to prune. 

Amputated, (nm'pu-tat-ed) 
mf.and a.cntolT; separated 
Irom the i—ppr, am'- 
putiting. act of pruning. 

Amputation, (am-pu-Ca*- 
shun)n. theactoroperation 
of cuttmg oif a limb, Stc. 

Amulet, (um'u-tpt) ii.a charm 
worn to prevent evil or 
witchcraft ; a. am'uletie. 

Amu^e, (a-niQz'l r. t. to en- 
tertain cgreeably i to di- 
vert; togratny. 


og:ccaL„ _. 

vcitcd ) ; be- 
guiled ; occupied. 

Amusement, (a-mflz'ment) 
H. th-.t which entertains or 
diverts I recreation i pas- 
time ;— a. amu'sive. 

Amusing, (j-muz'iiig) a. nf- 
fordinlif entertainment;— 
a f. omns'ingly, pleasingly 

Amylaceous, i ainVlft-shus) 
a. of or resembling starch. 

An, (m) a. indefinite articte 
0!ic t denoting an individ- 
ual t Uned before words be- 
ginning with vowels. 

Anabaptist, (ana-bap'tiet) n. 
one who holds thatiuiunt 
baptism is not according to 
Scripture and that adults 
only should be baptised by 
being ttt/-/>ed ia water. 

Anachronism, (a-n8k'rt^n- 
izm^ H. on error in com- 
puting tune, by which 
events are misplaced i put- 
ting an event earlier oi 
later than the time at 
w!iich It really hap|>cned. 

Anaconda, (an-a-kou'da) u. 
a large serpent 

Anncreontic, (a-nak-rC-on'- 
tik) a. after Anncreon, c 
Greek poet i joyous ; free. 

Ano'sthetlc, (an-c»-t h etik ) a. 
depriving of feeling ;— «. a 
substance, as chloroform, 
used to reqder persons in- 
sensible i ». au'SBsthes'ia, 


by Google 

A cane non magno saepe tenctur 
aper.^OviD. — The wild boar 
is often held by a small dog. 

A fair exchange is no robbery, * 

Abashed the devil stands, and 
feels how awful goodness is,— 

A fair field and no favor. 




Anaglyph, (an'a-i-;:l) ti. c:i 
Oi-uaincut la kculpturc, 
carved la rcltcf. 

Aniglyptic, (r.a-a-jrHp'tik)a. 
rcutiaj; to the a. t cf c;.rv- 
i'j^, engraving, cucluuius, 
or vmboftsin;; i.blc. 

Ana;;ram, (ana-j^ram) n. the 
changing of ono word cr 
Bcntcnce Into another by a 
transpositiou cf the letters; 
— «</. anagrsmmaf ical x — 
ft. aaagramm'ctist, a maker 
of nc\r words from others. 

Analects. (-'a-lcUu; n. Iryg- 
xuciitsuf authors ;— a. -'lic. 

Analogous, (a-nal'o-gu8> a. 
havint; resemblance; cor> 
renpouding; einnlar. 

Analogy, (a-nul'o-gy) 
nebi ; proportion ; similar- 
ity } conformity ;— a. nnaU 
o;^ical ;-~n. <m'alogue,Vk, lika 
object i—c. I. auarogize. 

Analysis, (a-nal'i-sts; n. top* 
aration of a body, or of a 
subject, into Us respective 
parts; pi. AnalreeH: n. cfn- 
a/y.i/,one versed in analysis 

Anal3'tic, (an-a-lit'ik; a. per- 
taining to analysis \ resolv- 
ing into parts \—ad. ana. 
Ivncally:— « ;'/. analyt'icB, 
Uie science of onalyitu. 

Analyze, (on'a-hz) v. t, to 
separate a uhole into its 
compouent parts i to de- 
Yelop fir»t pnnciples;— p;>r. 

, analy z'lng ;— /ij».analy zed'. 

Analyzer, (an-a-hz'-er^ji. 
one who inquires into nrbt 
principles or investigates 
closely ; a. analy t'able. 

Anapebt, (nn'a-pest) n. a no- 
etic foot of three syllables, 
the last one accented. 

Anarchic, (an-ark'ik) a. be- 
mg witliout government 
or rule i in a «tate of cou* 
fui»ion I lawlen. 

A,narchv, (an'ar-ki ) n. with- 
out riile, or a ruler ; want 
of government or order. 

Anathema, (a-nath'-e-ma) n. 
an eccle»iastical denuncia- 
tion I excommunication. 

Anathematize, (a-nath'^ma- 
tlz) V. (. to excommuni- 
cate with a denunciation 
Oicurseii til curse:'tion 

Anatomical, fan-a-tom'-ik-al) 
a. pertaining to anatomy 

; ' or dissection : botiy. 

Anatomist, (a-nar6-ralst) «. 

one \vlu) makes a business 
of dialectic u cr the study 
cf cnatomy; v.f.anafomize 

Anatomy. (i-nafO-mi) n. osi 
of du>sccli:ig en animzl 
body i a bkeleton t act of 
diviJin^ or analyzing a 
diLicult subject, &c. 

Ancestor, (au'bes-tcr) n. one 
who has gone or lived be- 
fore us I a forefather from 
whom a person is deacend- 
ed ;— /cTO. an'cestreES. 

Ancestral, (an* sc8«trat) a. 
claimed from ancestors. 

Ancestry, (an'Mii-tri)n. pcd- 
ij;ree, lineage; descent. 

Anchor, ( ang - 
ker) A. a heavy 
iron instru- 
men t for hold- 
ing shius m a 
particular spot 
ji'j. what gives 
safety or se- 
curity i — v. t. 
to cost an an- 
chor; tof>top,flxorre)fton. 

fit for anchorage. 

Anchorage, (ang^kerlj) ». a 
suitable place to drop an 
anchor t duty paid for lib- 
erty to anchor nold. 

Anchorite, (aiigko-rtt) n. 
one who retires from the 
world; a hermit; a re- 
cluse ; Bpeltaleoan'cho^et. 

Anchovy, (an-ch6'vl) *r. a 
small flbh of the hemng 
kind used for sauce. 

An cieu t, (&u'sl^ent ) a belong- 
ing to former times ; old; 
known for a long period. 

Anciently, (an'shent-li) nrf. 
in tunes long since passed. 

Ancients, f&n'^hent^) n. pi 
persons of past ages. 

Ancillarv, (an'Ml-ar-i) a. re- 
lating to a female servant ; 
subordinate; subservient. 

Ancip'ital, a. two-laced. 

And, Cana)ron. signifies ad- 
dition Btid id Used to con- 
nect words and acntenees. 

Andante, (an-dunt«)M. in 
mtonr, kIow movement t—<i: 
going earily: exprw^sive. 

Andiron, (and'I-nm) ». the 
iron which supports fuel 
or in which a epit turns. 

Anecdote, (an'ek-dot) n. a 
short stoiT ; an incident of 
private life ar conducL 

Anecdotal, («n-ek-dOfal) an- 
ccdorical, a. iu the form 
of anecdote or incii'rnt. 

Aucmonc,(a-nem'o-nC)n. the 
wmd-flower, an annual., (an'u-rizm) a. a 
tumor produced by the di- 
lation of an artery. 

Anew, ( 3-nft')ac/. over again ; 
in a new time or way. 

Angel, (iln'jcl) n. « celestial 
messenger; a spirit; a term 
of endearment applied toa 
good or beautiful pcnoa ; 
— a. hkoenangcl. 

Angelic, Can jel Ik) a. sure, 
heavenly, tpintual, divine 

Anger, (ang'ger) n. a passion 
excited by injury ; resent> 
ment ; rage ; pain i— r. i. to 
provoke; to enrage; to Ir- 
ritate ; to exasperate ; to 
pam i—ppr. an'genng ; — 
pp. an'gercd ;Ti. mad. 

Angina, (an-ii'na) n. inflom* 
mation of the throat 

Angle, (ang'rl) n. a point 
where two Tine* meet t a 
comer ^-l>. I to flkh with a 
rod, hue, and hook. 

Angler. (ang'jCler) n. one 
who fishes with% hook. 

Anglican, (ang'gll-kan) a. 
English. evnecfoUy in mat- 
ters appertammg to the 
Church tn.memberof E.Ch 

Anglicism, (ang'gle-sizm)ii. 
an £ngli»h idiom or pecu- 
r.urity of language. 

Anglicize, (ang'gle-sf z) r. f. 
to convert into Engluh. 

Angling, (ang'gling) n. the 
art of niihing with a rod 
and line t schemiug. 

Angry, (ang'cri) a. indig- 
nant; wrathful : reseuttul; 
displeased t—atl. angrilv. 

Anniilliform, fan-gwil'i- 
form)a.inthe form of an 
eel or serpents u.augum'eai 

Aoguuh. (ang'gwish) n. ex- 
treme pam either of body 
or mind ; agony ; torment ; 
grief; a strait ;— v.f. afflict. 

Angular. (ang'gQ-Ier) a hav- 
ing comers : u Hgnin I vform ; 
— /fj;. sharp or stilT :n hab- 
its;— n. angularity;— a. an- 
guiated t— m/. angularly. 

Anil, (an'-il) n. the shrub 
from whose leaves and 
stalk* indigo is mad*. 

Anile, (anil) a. aged ; imbe- 
cile; old-womanish. 


by Google 

Above all things liberty?— Shel- 
ley, [how near! 
Absent, yet present; distant, yet 
Affectation is at best a deformity. 

Absence makes the heart grow 
fonder. — Haynes Bailey. 

Absence of occupation is not 
rest. — CowPER. 



Anility, (a*niri4f) moldafit 
of a vomaa i dotage. 

Animadversion, («it>i>mad- 
vcfkhun) n. criticism, se- 
vere censure, reproof. 

Animadvert, ( an - i - mad - 
vertO V. I. to turn or direct 
the mind toor against; to 
censure or critivtse. 

AnimaU (an'i-mai) n. a liv- 
ing corporeal being, en- 
dowed >vith sensation and 
the rower of voluntary 
motion ;— a. gross, pertain- 
ing to animalsi caraaL 

Animalcular, (m-i-mal'lcu- 
lar) a. relating to auimal- 
cules; microscopic. 

Animalcule, (an-i-markul) 
K. a very small animal, cs- 
pec'jilly one that cannot be 
seen without amicroflcopc; 
—pt. Animalcules, or ani- 
mal'cula, minute inneats. 

Animnlism. (an'i-mal-izin) n. 
the Rtate of mere animal 
existence t sensuality. 

Animalize, (an'i-m»l-i z) v. t. 
to convert into animal mat- 
ter by the process of di- 
gestion : to endow with 
animal Uf c { to degrade. 

Animate, (an'i-m&t) r. /. to 
fill with ]»reath ; to enliven 
or encourage ; to give life. 

Animating, (an'i-mit-inp) a. 
enlivening; civingliJe. 

Animation, (nn-o-ma 'shun ) 
w. quality of being nn:- 
matcl ; lilc j vivacity i 
spri;;htlincs6; visor; » pi: it. 

Animntor, (an'i-irsut-c ) ». 
one thnt gives life crr'.irit. 

Animosity, (nn-t-tnos i-. I) »i. 
. violent r.iclignity ;liatred ; 
active enmity. 

Animus, (an'i-mns) i». Istent 
intention ; purpose ; preju- 
dice against j spirit. 

Anise, (nn'is) ff. an aromatic 
plant found in Eg5'pt,thc 
seeds of which are used in 
making cordials. 

Ankle, (ang'kl) n. the Joint 
which connects the foot 
and the leg { a. ankled. 

Anklet, (ang'klet) n. an or- 
nament for the ankle. 

Annalist, (an'a-Ust) n. a wri- 
ter of annnls. 

Annals, (aii'nalz) n. rf. rec- 
onfii of events under the 
years in which they hap- 

. pcncd ; year t>ooks. 

Anneal, (an -net') t*. t. to 
temper glass or metaU by 
heat andgradually cooL 

Annex, (au-neks'} v. t. to 
join or add at the end t to 
affix I to make a territory 

. of secondary importance 
part of a larger State ;— n. 
a building added to, or 
erected as part of another 
whieh is too email ; a boat 
running on train-time, and 
connecting two shores; — 
ppr. annexing;— ii^j. an- 
nexed'; a. aiiuexible. 

Annexation, (an-neks-i'- 
shun}>(. act, or practice of 
adding or conjoining; — 
n. annexationist , one who 
favors annexation} —n. 
nnnex'otg, addition : union 

Annexed, (an-neksf)*?. Join- 
ed at the end t connected 
with; uniting by formal 
act, to the iiossessions of 
anotlier power, a territory 
conquered by war, or gain- 
ed by negotiation. 

Annihilator, (an-nl'hil4i-tnr) 
a. one who destroys or ob- 
literates; one who believes 
in the non^cxis^cc of the 
soul m a future state. 

Annihilate, (an-nlhiMt) v. 
t. to reduce to nothing i to 
put out of cxietence; to 
annul:— />/>r. cnnrhil&ting; 
pp. hunUjilatcd. 

Annihilation, (an-nl'hil-n' 
shun) n. act of reducing to 
nothing* dc»truction. 

Anniversary, (en-ni-vcrs'-a- 
ri)a. returning with tl.c 
year; onnuci ;— n. the dcy 
on wiiich sonic remarkable 
event U ycr.rly colcbrctcd. 

Anno Domini, (an'ni>.<lom'- 
e-n!) n. in the 3'carof our 
Lord as A. D. 1 81. 

Anno Mundi, (an'nd-mun- 
di)in the vcarcftlic world. 

Annotate, (an'n&>tdt) r. t. to 
write notes ; to tske down ; 
to explain or criticise by 
notes; to remark. 

Annotation, (an-nM&'-shun) 
ft. explications or remarks 
written upon books ; com- 
ment; footnotes. 

Annotator, (an'nd-t&t-er) n.a 
writer of notes; a com- 
mentator or scholiast 

Annotta, (an-nnr-ta) n. a 
hard, diy paste, tised to 

give an oranga east to A 
simple yellow. 

Announce, (an-nonns') v. t. 
to publish ; to give notice 
of ; to proclaim i—ppr. an- 
nounc'ing;-pp. announced 

Announcement, (un-nouns'- 
meat) n. declaration ; ad- 
vertisement; iintitication. 

Annoy, (an-uoy ,) r. t. U> 
hurt ; to molest ; to incom- 
mode ; to trouble; to anger: 
—ppr. and a. annoying ;— 
pp. annoyed', vexed. 

Annoyance, (an-noy'ans) n. 
that which annoys or mo- 
lests ; injury ; trouble. 

Annual, (an'-nu'&l) a. year- 
ly;— ». a plant that lasts 
but one year i a book pub- 
lished yearly, *c 

Annually, (annti-al-U) ad. 

f early ; year by year ; re- 
uming every year. 

Annuitant, (an-nu'it-ant) n. 
a person who has a yearly 
payment for life. 

Annuity, (an-nul-ti) n. a 
yearly allowance or pay- 
ment ; an annual sum of 
money payable half-year- 
ly or quarterly, as directed 
by toil'/ or an insurance. 

Annul, (an-nul) r. /. Ijyft. 
annulled] to make void ; to 
abolish ; to invalidate. 

Annular, (an'nfl-ler) a. in 
form of, or like a ring; 
round ; ad. anuulorlj. 

Annulet, (au'nu-Iet) n. a lit- 
tle ring ; a mark in herald- 
ry ; a small flat fillet, en- 
ciixling a column. 

Annulment, (an-nul'ment) 
n. the act of making void, 
or of no effect. 

Annulose, (an'nfl-lOs) a. in 
Zoolo^, belonging to the 
Bub- kingdom containing 
the insects and worms ; 
having nngst n. annulo'sa. 

Annumerate, (an-nft'-mer- 
at) V. t. to add to a former 
number; sceenumeraticiu 

Annunciation, (an-nun-shi- 
&'shun) n. act of announc- 
ing ; proclamation ; a day 
solemnized on the 25th of 
Jklarch, in memory of the 
angel's salutation of the 
Hotlier of ChriRt ; — ».«. 
annun'ciate, declai«. 

Anodyne, (an'6-dtn) n. med- 
icine to soothe pain and 


by Google 

Absence sharpens love, presence 

strengthens it. 
Abstain from all appearance of 

evil. — I. Thess. 

Abuse is not an argument against 

proper use. — Latin. 
An evil eye will split a stone,— 





.diipoae to sleep i—a. niiti- 
gating pam t toothinff 
Anomt, (a-uomtO «. t. to rub 
over with unctuous mat* 
ter ; to consecrate with oU : 
Andiut«<K <a-nomfed)f>.a. 
rubbed or consecrated with 
oil ;— n. the Metmh. 

Anointment, (a-Doiur-ofient) 
^. the act ox anointmz, or 
state of beinc anointca. 

Anomalutie, ' ( a-nom - a4is'- 
tik) a. irregular; depart- 
ing from established rules. 

Anomiluus. (a-nom'a-luK) a. 
out of rule : irregular. 

Anomaly, (a-nomu-ii ) n. ir- 
regularity ; deviatitu from 
the general method or an- 
akgy of things. 

Anon,(a-non')oJ. soon t in 
good time « presently ; 
sometimes ; at omor tinieii. 

Anonymous, (a-iion'i'mns) 
a. wanting n name ; name- 
less; witJiout the real uame 
of the author; covert. 

Auoaymrtusly, (a-non'i- 
nius-U ) ad. withouta uame 

Another, (an-uth'er)a.bomc 
other; not one's self ; ono 
more; different; any ether. 

Anserine, (nn-seKin) a. re- 
latiDg to the goose tribe. 

Answer, (an'ser) v. t. to 
speak iu reply; to succeed; 
to be accountable foi-; to 
correspond j— c. /. to reply 
tot to appear or con front t 
to atone for: to comply 
with t to suit :— n. a reply ; 
arctura; a solution. 

Answerable, (an'ser-o-bl) a. 
accountable! suitable: ad* 
mittmg a i-eply ; liable to. 

Answerer, <an'scr-er) n. oue 
who answers or replies. 

Answerably, (an'ser- a- ble) 
ad. suitably i proportion- 
ately t rt. an'swerine. 

AnC, (ant) n. a small Indus* 
trious insect ; an emmet. 

AnthilL (anfhil!) n. a little 
hillock formed by ants. 

Antagonism, (an-tig'6-nizm> 
n. opposition of action; 
contest ; difference. 

Antagonist, (au-tag'd-nist) n. 
one who contends with an- 
other ; — a. contending 
against ; opposing. 

Antagonistic, Can-4ag-o-nisf. 
ik) a. opposing, inimical. 

Antagonize, (an-tag'd-nix) v. 
t. to contend a^nst. 

Antalgic, (au-tarjik^ a. that 
which relieves paiii. 

Antarctic, (ant-ark'tik) a. 
oppoftitv to the arctic: circle 
alibut 23^ dtg. from S.Polc 

Ante, Can'te) a Latin prep 
signifring before, uacd as 
a prelix to many English 
words tu espiesb thvpwit. 

Autcater, (anfe-ter) n. an 
animal that Uves on ants in 
lu>t climates 

.inteccdc, (an-te-sedO v. t. to 
go before ; to precede. 

Ai I teccdence.(an -te-sed'-ei;s) 
n. the act or state of pre- 
ceding m time. 

An teccden t, (an - t£-sed'ent) 
n. that which goes before 
or precedes i opposed to 
subsequent ; —pi, a man's 
previous history i a. prior. 

Antecedent! v, (an-tc-su'- 
dent-1 i)aJ. previously i at 
a time preceding. 

Antechamber, (ait'tS-ch&m- 
bcr) n. an outside room, or 
entrance cluunbcr. 

Antecians, (on-te-bhi-ans') 
Antseci, (an-te-sOn. those 
living in tlie same latitude 
and longitude, but on dif- 
ferent sidesof the equator. 

Antecursor, (an-te-kur'sor) 
n. a forerunner. 

Antedate, (an'tc-d&t^ v. t. to 
date a thing before t!ic 
true time ; to give by an- 
ticipation t-^. pnor dat^ 

Antediluvian, ^an-te-de-h>o'- 
ve<ua) a. exiiiting before 
the flood i — n. one wlio 
lived before the deluge. 

Antelope, (an'te-lAp) n. a ge- 
nus vt animals, interme- 
diate between the goat aud 
the deer { the gazelit. 

Antelucan, (an-tS-lOlcan) 
before davbreak ; early. 

Antcmeridun, (an-tS-mi- 
rid'i-an) a. being before 

noon ; pertaining to tne 
forenoon ; A.M. 

Antemundane. (an-te-muo*- 
dan) a. being before the 
creation of the world. 

Antenna;, (an-tcu'£) n, pL 
f celcis or horns uf insecu. 

Antenuptial, (an - tS - nup'- 
shal) a. before marriage. 

Anteposclial, fon-te-pas'-kal) 
before Easter. 

Antepast, (au'ti-post) n. a 
foretaste; anticij)ation- 

Antepnult, (au'-tt;-p6-nultO 
H. the last syllable of a 
word but two;— a. ante'pe- 
nultimatc, pert. to. 

Anterior, (au-tfi^'l-er) a, go- 
ing belore ; previous. 

Anteriority, (an-tcr-c-ort-ti) 
n. priority ia time. 

Anteroom, (ait-ti*-room) n. a 
room outside of another. 

Anthem, (on'them) n. a sa- 
cred song or hymn set to 
music and sung a^/ematef«/ 

Anther, (au'then n. in £o- 
Umy, the tip of the stamen 
in a flower ;— a. an'tlieral. 

Antholo^, (an-thol'o-jO n.a 
coHection of poems or 
choice literary extracts ; a 
discourse on flowers. 

Antliracite, (an'tiira-slt) n. a 
hard kind of coal that 
bums without flame. 

Authnxcitic. (un-tlira-sif4k) 
a. pertaining to anthracite. 

An thro polite, (au-throp'o-llt) 
n. human remains turned 
into a substance like stone; 
fossil human remains. 

Anthi-opology, (an-thrd-pol'- 
o-ji) n.a(uscoursconman; 
"flg. the relations between 
the soul and bodv. 

Anthropophagi, (an • fhrO • 
pof-n-jn n.pi. man-eaters; 
cannibals ; fcedmg on hu- 
man flesh, as savages. 

Antic, (an'tik) a. odd ; ri- 
diculous :-n. a fantastic flg> 
ure ; a bufEoon i a trick. 

Antichrist, (an'tc-krist^n.the 
great oppo-nerof Chnstand 
Christiauity » false Christ. 

Antichristian, (an-tc-kris'-y. 
ah) a. opposing Christiauv 
ity ; irreligious. 

Anticipate, (an-tis'i-pat) r. 
t. to take before ; to pre- 
vent ; to preoccupy; to ex- 
pect ; to nope for. 

Anticipated, (an.tis'i-p&t-ed) 


by Google 

Accident is a word not to be 
found in the Divine vocabu- 

Art is power. — Longfellow. 

Accidents will happen in th« 
best regulated families. 

According to his pinions the 
bird flies. — Danish. 




pp. taken beforehand; fore- 
I Udtcd ; foreseen, preceded 
I Anticipation. (an>tu-i-j>i- 

shun) ». previous notice t 

{trotpect ; expectation :f ore- 
houzht ; a. antic xpatory* 
AnticRnal. (-kli'nal) a., n. in 

(/«(•/.. roof -like dip of strata 
I in onpiwitotUrectioDS. 

Anticlimax, (an-te-klr 

ntaka) n. th« opposite of 

I chmaz i a sentence in 

I vluch the ideas become 

less important towards the 

close t rhotorical/a//. 

Anlicous (anti-kus) a. hof., 
placed in front of a flower, 
ns tbo lip of orchids. 

AntidotuU (an-ti-dut'al) a. 
efficacious against ; conn, 
tcractins poison :cxnclluii;i 
having; the powcrcf au aa- 
tidote to cure anv evil. 

Antidote, ( an'ti-U6t ) n. a 
remedy ofiainKt poison t a 
preventive; counter*noison 

Antifebrile, (an-ti-f eb'ril > a. 

opposing; fever ;— n. a med, 
jitilqgjr, (an-til'o-ji)n. con- 
tradiction between the 

An til 

words or passages of au 
author t incoherence. 

Antimonial, (an-tc-ni6'ni.a1) 
a. composed of antimonv i 
n. preparation of antinioiiy 

Antimony, (an'ti-inOn-i ) n 
a metalic ore iioed m the 
arts and m medicine. 

Antmomtan. (an ti - nA'mi< 
an) «. one who holds Kuod 
works to be unuecesHary 
to salvation : one who de« 
niesthe continued ohhKa* 
tion of the moral law or 
insufficiency of Faith. 

Antlpapal, (anti-pi pnl> n, 
opposiuK popery j a feeling 
B;niini>t poiicry. 

Antipathy, (nn-tip'a*thi) n. 
natuml aversion s duUkt i 
op|>08ition I liatrcd. 

Anti|iathetieal, (an-ti*>pa* 
tht'fik-al) a. having an an 
tipathy or natural averxiuu 
t«» ft tiling: nnrongenial. 

AutipcKtilential, ( an -tt'pcs. 
ti-len'8hoI)a. counteracting 
infection or the plague. 

AntiphloKistic.t-fl6-ji» tik><»., 
ill m/'f/., (kubduio;; iuflaiii* 
niation ;— ?». remedy. 

Antiphonal. (an«tlf'6-nal) n. 
pertainin;; to antiplioniaa 
— «. n book of anthems. 

Antiphon. (an-tir<on)n. the 
answer of one choir to an- 
other m singing ; a chant 
composed lor this purpose. 

Antiphraiiis, (an-tif ratsis) n. 
use of words in a sense op- 
posite to the true one. 

Antipodal, (an-tip'o-dal) a. 
relating to the antipodes ; 
antasonutic { opiwhiiei 

Antipodes, (an-tipo-d^z) n. 
pL the people who live on 
tho opposite side of tho 
globe, liaving their feet 
opposite to ours I their 
country { dtamctriccloppo- 
sition in opinion, &e. 

Antiiiopc, (ante-pdp) n. a 
pretender to the iMipacy. 

Antiquarian, (an-ti-kw4'-ri- 
an) at pertaining; to anti- 
quity, or ancient things. 

Antiquary, (an ti-kwa-ri) a. 
one who studies or collects 
ancient thmj^st one skilled 
tn antiquities. 

Antiquatc,<an'ti-kw&t) v.t. 
to make obsolete, old, or 
void < to put out of ut^e. 

Antiquated, (an'ti-kwat-ed) 
pit. or a. grown old t out of 
fashion ; obsolete. 

Antique. (an-t«k') a. ancient ; 
old :— ». a remnant of an- 
cient times; very old reUc 

Antiquity, (an-tik'wi.ti) n. 
old times: the people of 
ancient times % a relic of 
the inst ; pi. (i#«).r«iios. 

Antihcirnit, lan-tinh'yaiis) ft. 
pi. people who hve on dif- 
ferent sides of the equa- 
tor, and whose shadowH at 
noon fall in opposite direc- 
tions t alsoantiscii. 

Antiscorbutic, ( an • tl- skor- 
b Vt ik )a.efflcacious ni^ainst 
scurvy ,— ». a remetlv. 

Antiscrtptural. ran-ti-iikrtp'- 
t«'ir-al)/i. not according to 
tho Scriptures i hetc-nHiux. 

Antiiicptic. (an-ti-sep't!k) a. 
rouuterachng putrefac- 
tion;— n. a remedy. 

Antislavery, (an-ti'i4flr-er-i) 
n. opposition to sla%'ery. 

AntisJMumodic, (un-ti-stpar- 
mmrik) n. a remedy for 
apaitfns cr <x>nviilsM>n«>:— <r. 
vounteractini; Con vulsions. 

Antistmphe, (iin.tis'tro>ft) n. 
the stunza of a fong ex- 
actly Inswering the pre- 
vious strophe. 

Antithesis, (ou-tith'c-i>is) n. 
a placing sigumiit ; a figure 
m wluch thoughts or aordt 
are set m cuntrost; oppbsi- 
ti.:>n ;—;>/. Antitliesos. 

Antithetic, (an-ti-thct'ik) a. 
placed 111 contrast; opposed 

Antityiw, (anti-tip) «. that 
whicJi H p-c9gurcd by the 

• type ; as the paschal lamb 
was a t'jpe of which Chrut 
IS the antitype. 

Antitypical, (cn-ti-tip'ik-fl!) 
a. pertaining to type i ex- 
plaiainj the ty pc« aa. -'ly. 

Anilcr, (ant'lcr) n. a branch 
of a stag's horn; oue of the 
horns themselves. 

Anus, (a'nus) «. the onflce. 
or rectum, by which ex- 
crement IS expelled. 

Anvil, (an'vil; n. an iron 


a steel 

on which metals arc ham- 
mered and shaped. 

Anxiety, (ang-zi'e-tl) n. 
trouble of miud, arising 
from doubt and uncer- 
tainty; solicitude; concern 

Anxious, (angkVhus) a. so- 
licitous t much concern- 
ed ; unquiet ; restless. 

An.xiouhly, ( angk'shus • 1i ) 
u<(. in an anxious manners 
with anxiety or disquiet 

Any, (en'nt>«. every ; who- 
ever; whatever; either; 
one mdeCnitcly; some. 

AoriHt, (no-rist) r». tense in 
Orcek. cxpresgin^ indefi- 
nite time: a undefined. 

Aorta, (i-ort'o) n. the great 
artery which rises iipfroin 
the left ventricle of tJie 
heart i trunk artery. - 

Apace, (a-pfts*) ml. quickly i 
ha.<tily ; KWiftly ; taut. 

Apart. (a-narT) wl. i*eparate- 
ly ; a^ide i asunder ; at a 
dl'^tance i without thia. 

Apartment, (n-parfment) n. 
one part of a buUdinx 
separated from the other 
part* hy partitions ; room. 

Apathetic, (on-a-thet'ik) «. 
void of feeling; iiiseasible; 
indifferent t cnld. 

Apathi»t, (np*n-thist) a. on* 
destitute of feeling. 


by Google 

According to the size of your 
carpet stretch your legs. Cut 
your coat according to your 

According to the bread must be 

the knife. — ^French. 
According to your purse gorem 

yoor mouth. — It. 




Apathy, (-.p'a-thi) n. want 
of, teeling ; indifference ; 
•toicism : lethamr. 

Ape, (ap) ». a taufeas mon- 
key : a miuiic; a simpleton ; 
— w. /. to imitate like an 
ape t to mimic \—ppr. 4p'- 
ingJ— PP- 4ped. 

Aperiont, ( a-pe'ri-ent) a. 
Oj^eninjj; gently pui^ativet 
•t-rt. a mild purgr.itive. 

Aperture, (ap'cr-tur) ». as 
ot>emng \ a passage i ugap. 

ApetalouH, (n-pcfa-lus> a. 
havin.T »io petals. 

Apex, (a'pek&^ ». the tum- 
mit or point of a thing ; 
—■pt. Apexes, Apices. 

Aphelion, (a-leii-un^ n. the 
point of a planet s orbit 
inost distant from the suu. 

Aphis, (a'flf) n. plant louse. • 

Aishorism, ( aror-txm ) m. a 
eomprehenstra maxim ex- 

Sretitefl m a few words \ a 
ennitkm ; an ada^e ;— a. 
: aMururtw.MoteiitUMU^Ae. 
ABhthonff, (af'-thonfT) n. a 

letter or letters withoat 

soundt tit ph. ui phthkie. 
Apiary. (&'pi-ar-i) ». a place 

wh^re bees arc kept. 
Apiece, <a-pes'> att. to each 

one a share ; for each. 
Apiiih, (ipish) a. like an 

ape : foppish ; affected ; 

tnflinf ;— at/. Spishly. 
Apishness, (&p'isIi-ncK) a. 

mimicry \ bufiooncr^. 
Apocalypse, (a-pok'n-lips) ». 

disck«urc ; discover}' ; the 

book of the Revelation. 

Apocalyptic, (a-pok-a-Iip'- 
tik)a. pcrUininf? to rere- 
hition ; ; revenUnx- 

Apocope, i!*-i>«'i'6-pe> n. the 
omission of the last letter 
or syllabic of a word. 

Apocrypha, (c-pok're-fa) a. 
Dooka whose mspiration is 
doubted by Protestants. 

Apocryphal, (a-pok're>faI)a. 
not canonical: doubtful; 
pertaining to tho non-4n- 
spired books of the Bible. 

Apodal, (ap'o^iil) n. having 
no feet ; destitute of vent* 
ral fins, as the eel. *e. 

Anode, (ap'Oi) a. an animal 
thst has no fecti fishes 
Which hare no ventral fins; 
applied also to the larva 
of insects ;— w. pi. i*i/i>da 

Apogee, (ap'd-j£) n. the point 

in a planet's orbit most dis- 
tant from the earth. 

ApollyoD, (a-poI'you> n. the 
destroyer; a name used for 
the angel of the bottom- 
less pit; Satan. 

Apologetic, (a-pol-<J.Jetlk)a. 
said in defense or excuse ; 
a. ph apdhnfefitt^ defeaet 
of Rihlieal mspiration. 

Apologist, (a-por0-iist) n. 
one vhowHtes in uefcnse 
of another, or of some- 
thing i pleader in favor of. 

Apologize, (o-pol'o-jiz) v. i. 
to make an excuse for ; to 
speak in extenuation ; to 
write or ypcak in favor of ; 
—PT*^' apol'{(gizing!— /jp. 
aporcgized i h, -ogi'ser. 

Aimlogue, (ap'ol-og) n. a fa- 
ble I a moral tule. 

Apology, (a-pol'C-ji ) n. a de- 
fence; an excuse I a speak- 
ing m reply ; a viudiea- 
ticn ; a justification. 

Apophysis (a-nof'i^is) n. a 
procest^ on a bone : in 6o(., 
any irregular swt'!hn^. 

Apoplexy, (ap'6-plek-sk) a. a 
dcprivaticn by a sudden 
stroke cf sense and of the 
power of motion ;— a. bjx>- 
plrctic j—a. one affected. 

AiH>st-.iSy, (i-pos'ta-e i) n. a 
dcsf i-tion of one's religion, 
priruriplcs or party. 

Apostnte, (c-pos'tut) a. false; 
fallen :— /». a renegade % a 
backslider ; — o. i. apor.ta- 
tizo , to commit apostacy. 

A|>osten:e, (ap'os-tcm) a. an 
abscess ;— j\ t. apos'temate. 

Apostle, ( i-pos'sl) a. one sent 
to prccch the gospel i one 
sent away on some impor- 
tant mis:iion t an advocate 
of a norticnlar faith \^nt. 
apos'tieship ; apostolate;— 
a. apostol'ict anostorical; 
—atf. apostolicaily. 

Apostrophe, <n-pos'tro-fe) a. 
in rhetoric, turning from 
t!ie subject to addi-ess the 
absent or dead ea if pres- 
ent ; a mark <') showing 
that a word is eoatractcd; 
—a. apostroph'ie. 

Apostrophize, (a-pos-trof- 
!.-:) r. I. end t. to address 
by, or make an apostrophe 

Apothecary, ( a^3oth'e-kar-i) 
a. a componnaer of medi- 
cines from drugs. 

Apothegm, (ap'o-them) u. a 
remarkable say ing; a terse,, 
pointed maxim. 

Aixjthcosis, <ap-o-th<'fr«is> 
a. deification ; praise t ex- 
ceasiw eulogy ; the r lacing^ 
of a person among the 
heathen deities. 

Appall. (ap-pawIO 9. 1. to 
terriiv ; to make pallid 
with lear ; to dishearten ;— 

fpr. and a. appaUring^-i>p. 
appall'edi a. appal'linely. 
Appanage, (ap'-pan-ftj) '- 

lands set apart by a prince 
as provision for ni» young- 
er sons i provision for a 

Apparatus, (ap-pa-rB'tUK> a. 
tools; furniture t set of in- 
struments nocessary for 
any art or trade. 

Apparel, (np-pafi I) n. cloth- 
ing ; raiment;— r. f. to 
diCfcs t to prepare i to *uit ; 
to decorate « u. apitar'elled. 

Apparent, fap -parent) a. 
witliia view ; obvious ; 
plain ; not doubtful. 

Apparently, (ap-paKcnt-li) 
ad, in appeiirance ; evi- 
dently 1 seemingly. 

Apparition, (apHja-rish'un) 
a. an appearanre; a vi^ible 
object ; a form ; a gliost ; a 
specter; anything uui-eal. 

Apparitor, (.np-parl- to;) n. 
an officer in an ecclesias- 
tical court; sumiiiOHer. 

Appeal, (ap-p^l) n. removal 
of a l»-oi:i a lower ta 
a liiglier ro-rt ; reference 
to another. Jte.t a. appcal'- 
able ;— r. t. (,r 1. to call or | 
remove as a cause; to bring 1 
before one ; to uddrees the 
feelings 5 to refer ; to hnvc 
recou rsc ;— /j/jr, appearing ; 
a. pathetic :— J*/' h| pealed 

Appear, (np-pcrO v. 1. to be 
ia right ; to seem ; to be- 
come visible : to tuni out. 

Appearnnee. (ap-nli^ans^ a. 
a coming in sight ; thuirrs 
seen 1 show ; likelihood ; 
entrance » presence. 

Appeasable. (np-i>6z*o-J)l) a. 
tliat may be pacified. 

Appease. (ap-i>4a') to quiet 1 
to calm ; to reconeife ; to 
tran quilli ze ;—/»/»*. a ppecsT- 
loff i-'PP' appeased'. 

Appeasement, (ap-pCz'- 
ment) a. act of appeasing. 


by Google 

Accuracy is twin brother to hon- 
esty, and inaccuracy to dis- 

A half is a v/hole falsehood. 

Act honestly, and answer bold- 
ly.— Dan. 

Act well your part; there all the 
honor lies. — Pope, 



Appellant, (ap-pel'aut) n. 
one who appeals r-a<appel'- 
ate, lelating to an apitcul. 

Appellation , (ai)-pel-u'-sh un) 
M. the word 'jy winch a 
person or thing is culled ; 
nanie ; title ; tei-ni. 

Appellative, (ap-pd'a-tiv) a. 
common to many ; general; 
— rt. namoot a whole spe- 
cies:— a^. appellatively. 

Appellee, (a]>-pcl-e') m. the 
tlt'fendant in an appeal. 

Aupend, (aivpeud') v. t. to 
hang one thing to another; 
to annex, to foUow ; to 
add ,—pijr. ani^endlng ; — 
j}p. appcnd'ed; a. attached 

Appendage, (an-pcnd'aj) n. 
something added, as sub- 
ordinal}*, an oinument 

Appeiidaut, (ap-pend'ant) a. 
kansing to : annexed. 

.appendix, ^ap-pcnd'ike) n. 
an addition \ a supplement; 
•—/>/. Appendixes or Ap- 
pendices, addenda. 

AppcrLiin, (np-per-tan') v. i. 
to belong to ; to relate ; to 
concern ; h, apiier'ieuance 

Appetence, (^iip'pe-teii»> /*. 
sensual de»if c ; appctiie. 

Appetite, (ap'pe tit) n. nat- 
ural deKire or craving tor 
food, or other sensual grat- 
iflcation;— a. ap'petible. 

.Vppetize, (ap'pe-tlz) r. t. to 
create an ani>etite ; to whet 
the appetite i—pi>r. ap' p5 
tizing:— o, agreeable, etc. 

Applaad, (an-plawd') r. r. 
to praise by clapping of 
hands i to commend ; Xo 
extol »— a. applaud ing. 

Applause, (at>plawz0'<* ap- 
probation loudly cxprCbs- 
edi commendation ; credit. 

Apple, (ap'pl) n. fruit of tlie 
apple tree; pupil of eye. 

Appiiince. fap-pli'ans);».the 
act of apply ins ? the thing 

applied }—i^/. expedients. 

Lppiicable, (ap'-pU-ka-bl)a. 

nl to be applied : tliat may 

be appiieqt suitable; — n. 
applicability, adaptation. 

Applicant, (ap'pl i -leant; n. 
one who applies: a pcti- 
tioner; a sa^er of work. 

Ap>>licatiou, ( op - pli - ka ' - 
shun) n. act of applying; 
continual industry ; assid- 
uity in acquiringlearning, 
or*n Inbori Ubvufmeano. 

Apply, (ap-pU7 V. t. to put 
to ; to study ; to addiress ; 
to keep at work ;— «. ap'- 
pHcative :— ;». n. ap'plied. 

Appoint, (ap-iKiiiif) v. t. to 
settle ; to name and com- 
mission to an oiiicc * to fis. 

Appouitablc, (op-pointa-bl; 
a. fit to be appointed. 

Appointment, (ap -point '- 
nicntji n. an order t decree; 
situation ; ofiice or post. 

Api)ortiou, (ap-por'bhun) v. 
t. to divide or share out in 
jiist proiwrtioii ; — n ap- 

Apposite, (ap'pd-zit)a. piup- 
er i suitable ; fit ; well a- 
daptcd to ;— adjj.ap'i)osite- 
iy ;— M. ap'positcncss. 

Apposition, (ai>-no-zish'-un) 
71. the net of adding to; the 
state of being placed to- 
gether or against ; in gram. 
the placing togcthcrof two 
nouns, one of which ex- 
plains the other. 

Appraise, ([np-priz') v. i. to 
set a price on anything in 
order to soil ; to value. 

Appraisement, (ap-priz'- 
mcnt) n. act of valuation 
by authority I asscsfmcnt. 

Appraiser, (ap-pr4z"er) one 
appointed to set a value on; 
one who sets a price. 

a. that may be estimated i 
worth considering. 

Appi-eciate, (ap-prfi'shi-At) 
t*. /. to vailue ; to prize ; to 
estimute justly ;— i>/>r. np- 
pre'ciating ; — i?v'. oppre'- 
ciiltcd ;— tt. appi e'ciauvc. 

Appreciation, (ap-prS-ahl-a'- 
sfiunjN. act of valuing; a 
rising in value ; regard. 

Apprehend, (ap - pre-hend'i 
f . t. to (ieize; to lay hold or 
by the mind; to under- 
stand; to fear;— p/)r. ap- 
prehending;— />/>. appre- 
hended*— a. expected. 

Apprehensible, (ap-pr6-hcn'- 
sc-bl) o. that may be ap- 
prehended, or conceived, 
or feared t cognizable. 

Apprehension, (ai>-pr6-hen'- 
shun) n. faculty of con- 
ccivingideas; seizure; fear 

Apprehensive, (ap-pre-hen'- 
Biv) a. fearful: suspicious; 
—cul. apprehen'eively ;— ». 

Apprentice, (ap-pren'tis) n. 
a learner of a trade or art ; 
a beginner ;— c. /. to bind 
aa an apprentice i—u, law. 

Apprenticeship, (ap-pren'- 
tiit-ship) n. the time an ap- 
prentice has to serve in 
teaming a trade, &c. 

Apprise, ^ap-priz') v. t. to 
give notice to ; to infonn ; 
to make known i n.nppriser 

Apprised, (ap-prizd) pp. or 
a. having previous notice. 

Approach, (ap-piOch) v. t. to 
come, or draw near ; to ad- 
vance to ;— II. act of draw- 
ing near; access. 

Approachable, (ap-prOch'-a- 
bl ) a. that may be ap- 
proached ; accessible. 

ppr. or a. drowing nearer, 
or advancing toward. 

Approbative, (ap'prO-bi-tiv) 
a. implying tntisfaction, 
or approval-, o. up-probatf ry 

Appropriable, ( ap-prO'prt-Op 
bl) a. that may be appro- 
ptiated. or applied to a 
particulaV use. 

Appropriate, (ap-prO'pri-&t) 
V. t. to set apart for a spe- 
cial use ; to assign ; to take 
as one's own ;— a. set apart 
for a pcn«on ; peculiar i fit; 
—pp. appropriated; pr.-ing 

Appi-opriJtely, (ap-pjo'-pri- 
at-l3) ad. suitably ; in an 
appropriate inunncr. 

Appropriateness, (an-prO'- 
pn-at-nes^ n. suitableness. 

Appropriation, (np-prC-pn- 
&'shuii)n. application to a 
particular u^e, or purpose; 
money voted by the legiN- 
lative power to pay the 
expenses of gcvemment, 
or lor other purposes. 

Approval, (cp-proov'al) ap- 

{irOba'tion. n. commen da- 
ion i sanction t pMixc. 

Approve, (ap-pixjoV) v. t. to 
be pleased with ; to sanc- 
tion ; to put to the proof ; 
to pronounce good ; — m/ 
approvingly ;— a. approV- 
abfe, very worthy :— n. -'er. 

Apnroved, («wivd') pa, 
liked ; commended : justi- 
fied; sanctioned. 

Approving, ( rp-prflVing ; 
ppr. deeminggood: liking 
commending ; exprrR.einj: 
approbation; a. griti'lid. 


by Google 

Act so in the valley that you 
need not fear those who stand 
on the hill. — Dan. 

All is well that ends well. 

Act uprightly and fearlessly, and 
you may defy the devil and his 

AU lay loads on the willing horse. 




Approximate, (ap>prok'si- 
mat) V, t. or i. to bring or 
draw Rear ;— a. near to ^- 
ppr. approx'imating :— j7p. 
approx'im&ted ; — ad. ap- 
prox^ mately, closely. 

Approximatton, Cap-prok-ei- 
ma'shun ) ». a drawing near 
tpt an approach t meaaurar 
ble corrcctneia. 

Appurtenance, (ap-pur'-ten- 
and) n. that which per- 
tains to something else ;— 
a. appur'tenant . toined to. 

Apricot, (a'pre-kot) n. a wall 
xruit of the plum kind. 

April, (a'pril) fi. fourth 
month of tlio year. 

Apron, (A'prnn, a'pum) n. a 
«loth or leather worn be- 
fore to protect the dress ; 
a piece of leather spread 
before n person's legs; cov- 
ering of lead, etc.:— a. ed. 

Apropos, (ap'rO-pC) mt. op- 

itunely ; seasonably; 
he purpose; in the same 
connection ; timely. 

Apt. (apt) a. liable to; fit; 
reldy; qualified; quick; 
inclined :— -arf. nptly. 

Apterous, (ap'tcr-us) a. des- 
titute of wmgs t n. ap'tera. 

Aptitude, (ap'ti-tid) apt- 
ness, (apt'nc£) n. luncs^: 
tendency ; readiness ; dis- 
position ; puitnblcnesB. 

Aptote, (ap'-tut) n. a noun 
without cases. 

Aquafortis, (&'kwa.for'tia)n. 
nitric muriatic acid. 

Aquarium, (a-kwa'ri-um)n. 
a tank or artificial pond 
for fishes, plants, &c. 

Anuarius, (a-kwa'-ri-us) n. 
the water-bearer; eleventh 
sign iu the zodiac. 

Aquatic, (a-kwafikj a. per- 
taining to water ; living or 
growing in water. 

AqucducL (ak'we^dukt) n. 


.1MAil.wa^ .^ 
\ iefy t caused by water. 
'Aqctuine, (ak'-wi-lln) a. 
4 carved and hooked like 
f rihe beak of an eagle. 
^imb, (ar^4ib) n. a native of 

the country of Arabia >— 
a. Arabian, Arabic. 

Arabesque, (a^a-besk) a. af- 
ter the manner of Arabian 
sculpture, or architecture ; 
— n. a painted or sculptur- 
ed ornament consisting of 
Imaginary foliage stalks, 
ftc., without animalB.5fr<>er 
^ro&ff, destitute, homeless 
children in cities. 

Arable, (ar'a-b!) a. land a- 
dapted to cultivation ; fit 
for plowing or tillage. 

Arbiter. (4r'bi-ter)»t. a per- 
son chosen by parties in 
controversy to examine in- 
to and decide their differ- 
ences ?—/<•»». ar'bitress. 

n. will; decision of arbitr»* 
tors; determination. 

Arbitrary, (aKbi-tra-rl) a. 
absolute ; depending on 
the will ; despotic. 

Arbitrate, (ar'bi-trat) ». t. or 
t. to hear and judge of ; to 
decide ; to determine ; — 
ppr. ar'bitrating i—pp' ar'- 
■bitrated j-arl»ftrable, o. 

Arbitration, (ir-bi-trtt'-«hun) 
n. a hearing before arbi- 
trators or umpires. 

Arbitrator, (ar'bi-trarter) n. 
a person chosen by a party 
to decide a controversy ; n 
j'.idge in coses of dispute ; 
an umpire : Jem. ar'bitress. 

Arbor, (ar'bor) n. a bower; a 
scat In a garden surround- 
ed by foliage ; the princi- 
pal axis which comnumi- 
cates motion to the other 

Krtsof a machine;— a. or- 
'reotu, pert, to crees;— n. 
ar'bcret, a smaU shrubbery. 

n. the resemblance of a 
tree ;— a. arborcs'cent. 

Arboriculture, (ar-bor-i-kul'- 
tur) n. the culture of trees 
and shrubs «—«. ar^wrist. 

Arbutus, (ilr-bu'-tus) n. the 
strawberry tree ; a genus 
of henth, having a oerry 
like the strawberry. 

Arc, (ark) n. part or seg- 
ment of a circle or curve. 

Arcade, (dr-kiicl') n. walk 
arched above ; an arched 
building ov gr.Ucry. 

Arcanum, (dr-kn'num) n. a 
secret ; mystery ,•—;>?. Ar- 
cana, mysteries ; secrets. 

Arch, (irch) a. 
chief; wag- 
gish;!!, a con- 
cave or struc- 
ture of brick, 
supported by its own curvet 
— i>. t. or I. to lorra an arch 

Archeology, (Ar-ke-cl'o-ii)n. 
the science of antiquities ; 
a, discourse on encietit 
things;— It. archjEcl'i giit. 

Archangel, (ark-an'jel) n. a 
chief angel ; on angel of 
the highest order. 

Archbishop, (&rch-b{sh'-up) 
n. the bishop of a province 
and of his own diocese. 

Archbishopric, (Arch-bish' 
U]>;nk) w. provmce or jur- 
isdiction of an archbishop. 

Archdeacon, (drch^e'kn)n. 
bishop's deputy, next In 
mnk below a bishop 

Archduke, (arch-diik') n. a 
title given to princes of 
the house of Austria i— 
/em. archduchess. 

Arched, (archt) a. bent In 
form of nn arch ; vaulted. 

Archer, (drch'er) w. a bow- 
man ; one who shouts ar- 
rows from an arch or bow; 
—/em. arch'eress. 

Archery, (arch'er-i)n. art of 
shooting wilh a oow and 
orrow lor amusement. 

Archetype, (ark'e-tip) n. the 
chief type or pattern frunj 
which a thing is made ;— 
a. archcty p'ai; original. 

Archipelago. (ar-ki-pern-rA) 
n. % sea abounding with 
islands ; clACf sea of t*:e 
Greeks, or the JSgeon tea. 

Arcliiepisconal, (dr-ki-C-pii- 
kiH>al) a. belonging to an 
archbishop; n. -pacy. 

Architect, (urlci-tekf) n. the 
chief builder; oue wlio 
plans or designs buildingti. 

Architective, (dr'ki-tek-th ) 
a. belonging to architect- 
ure ;— a. arcnitoc'tuml. 

Architecture, (ar'ki-tek4ur) 
n. the art - cr science ol 
building ; frame ; struct- 
ure ; workmr.nsrliip. 

Architrave, (ar'ki-trfiv) n. 
the chief beam ; that pert 
of an entablnture which 
rests immediately on the 
cobimit; door mouldiafts. 

Archives, (ur'kiv;:) i». vL 
places where the public 


by Google 

\ct well at the moment, and you 
have performed a good action 
to all eternity. (Germ.) — Lav- 


Actions, looks, words, steps, 
form the alphabet by which 
you may spell character. 
(Germ.) — Lavater. 




acts or recordb are kept ; 
hUtoriCdl tr«fiuure». 

Archrtcsii, (arch'ucb) n. cun- 
ning ; shrewdiiCbt ; wiig> 
gishncsM < i-oguishneiiii. 

Archway, (arch wa}n. a pass- 
age under an nrch. 

Arctic, (A. k'tik) a. lying far 
to noithern rcg^ious; i>ef- 
taininj; to, or situated un- 
der the northern constclk- 
tion called the Oreut Dear. 

Ardent, (ar'dent) a. flcrcc t 
zciilous 5 vehement : affpc- 
tionate ; flerjr ; passionate. 

Ard'.'Dtly, (ar'deut-lo) ad. 
with Wdinitli : zealously. 

Ardnr, (ar'der) ar'denoy, n. 
wainitU; eugerncM; af- 
fection ; fervency \ vehe- 
mence : ^eul to attain. 

Arduous, (ir'du-UH) a. steep: 
difficult; iaborioua; — m. 
ar'duouiinew.-i/t/.itr (luoukly 

Are, ^ar) the ulural present 
indicative of the verb to be 

Area. (a'r6-i) »#. an open sur- 
face ; auperflcial contents t 
space enclosed within lines 
or bound tries ; any en- 
closed place; «xt«nt. 

Arefnction. (ur-c-fak'shun) 
n. the art of drying ; state 
of growing dry i v. t. ar'ify 

Arena, (a-re ua) n. an open 
space of ground; any ptace 
of public contest, or exer- 
tion, as the arena of debate 

Arennccoui*. (ar-d-nA' nl.u») 
a consisting of sand. 

Areoiiagus, far - e -oi)'-n-;?us) 
II. Mw'it hill, on wnich the 
sunreme court of ancient 
Athens was held; the court 
itself ;— ». areop'agite. 

Arconietry, (ar-£-oni'c-tri)n. 
art of ineoMurinit the ipe- 
ciHc gravity of liquids. 

Argent, (a^jent) argentine, 
a. white, like silver. 

Argillaceous, (nr-jil-la'*she- 
Vkh) a. clayey ;— n. ar'gil. 

Argive, (Af'gfv) a. pertain- 
ing to Argo*, the cnpital 
of Angolis, in Greece, or 
to it& inhabitants. 

ArgopsMt. (&r-g6-nawr) 
niHih-jJonii, one of those 
who sailed in the ship 
Aroo. in KCarch ot the 
golden fleece. 

Argot, (ar'goU n. a hard 
crust formed on the sides 
of wine vessels, from 

which cream of tartar is ' 

Aigusy, (ar'go-se) n. a mer- 
ciiaiit vessel lichly laden. 

Aigue, (ar'gi'i) r. u or t. 
to make clear t to prove or 
I>cibuude by reusoning ; to 
dtscuHS t—pjjr. ar K»iug |— 
Pt>- ar'gued ;— m. ur 'puer. 

Aiguineut, (ar'gu-iiient> n. 
leuson alleged to cause be- 
lief; debute; the leasons 
by M'hicli an assertion may 
be pi-oved. or shown to be 
true ;— a. argumen'tal. 

Argumeutation, C^c-gfi- 
nient-a'shun) ii. act or pro- 
cess of reasoning ; u using 
of argumeiitii ; a debate. 

Argumentative, (ar-gft-nienf 
a-tiv) a. cont;iuiug nriji'- 
ment; nddictc-d to argu- 
ment ; — pJ. argumcnt'a- 
livcly, hy rstiocinnt'on. 

Argus, (dr'gui<)H. a fabulous 
being of autiquity, said to 
havc.httda huudiedcycst 
ony very watchful person. 

Arian, (&'-ri-«ii) who 
denies the divinity of 
(hribt, and of the Holy 
Spirit, like Arius''4th ccn- 
tury^^ a Unitnriimi 

Arianisin. (a'ri-an-i/ni) n. a 
denial of tlie divinity of 
ChriFt I Uuitariaiiism. 

Arid, (nr id)a. diy; parched 
with heat «— p. ar'luues'*!. 

Aridity, (ur-idi-ti) n. dry- 
ness; a state of bt'ing with- 
out moistuie. 

Aries, (i're-€z) n. the Rami 
tlic iirst of the twelve signs 
of the zodiac. 

Aright, (a-rtr) ad. justly » in 
order t without mistake. 

Arise, (a-rlz') v. i. [jitvt. 
arose, fp. arisen] to rise 
up ; to ascend ; to begin to 
aeti to mount upward. 

Aristocracv, (aMs-tck'ra-si > 
n. government by nobles ; 
the nobility, or chief per- 
sons of wealth in a state. 

Aristocrat, (ar-is'to-kmt) n. 
one who nhimen himself 
on his wealth or brecdinii; i 
feels nnd acts abovt* his 
fellow a; mtikos prcct pre- 
tensions to noble blnod. or 
superior gen liliiy ; a haugh- 
ty, overbearing person ;— 
ar/. aristiicraric. 

Arittoteltan,(ar-is-to-t('li-an ) 

ad. relating to Aristotle, a 
Greek philosopher, or his 

Aiithmetic, (a-nth'me-tik)n. 
tlie science of computa- 
tion ; that branch ot the 
mathematics which treats 
of numbcnt, and tenches 
how to compute and calcu- 
late : arithnuin'cPf uiiiglc. 

Ai itltmctical. (.ar-ith-mct'-ik- 
al> a. according lo tlie 
rules of aiithmetic 

Arithmetician, (ar-ith-me- 
tish' - an) n. one skilled in 
aiitliraetic or flgn e . 

Aii(, (ark> n.a email close 
vessel ; chcbt : a floating 
vessel in which Noah was 
preserved : a luige flat boat 
used on some m tatcru riv- 
ers to t:°cit>port merchan- 
dise :/0.u means ol suietJT 

Arm, (Arm) n. a limb of tlie 
body ; au inlet of water;— 
r. f. or t. to furnish with 
arms i—jipr. a- n»'ii'g •.—/</». 
armed' '.—a. ready for war. 

Amiadn, (ar-n.ft'dn) n. a 
laige i!eet of i-hip>> of war i 
a ^ciuodi-on; (Sp.,I.'>8f\ 

Armadillo, (ar-ma-dirio) n. a 

nnall quadruped of South 
America, aimed with a 
bony hhell, like a hedgehog 
Armament, (arm'a-mcut) u. 
a land or naval force aimed 
or equipped for war; the 

Suns, &c., with wliicU a 
lip is armed. 

Armature, (arm'a-tur) ». ar- 
mor ; defence ; skill in 
arms i prickles on plants. 

Armed, (armd) pp. or a. 
furni^ked with weapons of 
offence or defence: forti- 
fied in a moral sense. 

Armful, (arm'ful) n. what 
the orms can hold. 

Armhole, (arm'hol) n. a hole 
lor the arm iu a garment} 
the arm-pit. 

Armillory. ( 4rm'il-l«-r i ) a. 
brarelct-hkc: consisting of 
rings or circles ;— M.arm'il* 
a kind of sun-dial. 


by Google 

Adam must have an Eve to 
blame for his own faults. 

Add not fire to fire. (Gr.) Add 
not fuel to the flame. 

Adversity has the effect of elicit- 
ing talents, which in prosper, 
ous circumstances would have 
lain dormant. — Latin. 



Amtiaian, (ar-miu'i-as) n. 

one who deuie« the doc- 

ti-ine oC predestinatioa and 

advocate tree will and 

anivcrsal redemption ;— n. 

Armipotent, (arm-i-pO'-tent^ 

a. power! ul iu, or presid- 

iii^ over arms. 
Amubtice, (ar'mis-tis) n. a 

short cessation of notttili- 
, ties by mutual agreement. 
Armlet, (anu']et)/t. a bracelet 


m en t 


on the 


Armo.", (arm'o;) n. muxtar/ 

wcapo»*i»; deicusive uriiw 

or d:'et-^ ; iron on u bhip. 
Annor-bcarer, (arm'o.*- Lar- 

er) n. one who Ue^ra the 

anuj of another., (^arm'or-cr) n. a 

1)e.'son M'ho makes, sells or 
»as the cai-eof arms. 

Armorial, (a:-mo're-a')c. be- 
longing to t!ie escutcheon 
of a la.nil.vt heraldic. 

Armo.-y. (ann'cr-t-; n. t'la 
place in which crms &<!} 
mad; ur kept. 

Anir.nt, Cann-pit) n. the hol- 
low j)kce under the ulioai- 
dcr; /orc-«/7/(. a!»ovc wrist. 

Anns (a.-mjc)M. pi. \n'\xil.x:y 
in^trunu'nts ior fij^hting, 
oiTenaive o- defea^ive 5 
war ? armo •« A ensiitis. 

Army, (ur'inc) «. jl body of 
men iirm vl fo.* \nir; a vast 
num'jcroi anytliaig. 

Arom.i. (a-rO'ma) ». the fra- 
grance of pUntii; a swfct 
and pleasant o.lor. 

Aromd:ic, (ar-O-mafik) a. 
si)icy 5 iroffant;— /I. ;>/. fr.\- 

fraiit plants or drug-* '. pcr- 
UTuci t or/. uiuniuVicaUy. 
Aromatiz;, C i-rO'ms-tu) v.i. 

to impregnate witli fror 

grunt odors. 
Arose, (v.oz') did arise; past 

tense of arise. 
Around, (a- round') /jro. 

and a J. in a circle ; on ull 

ciied : about 1 in varioud 

Arouse, (a-rouz') v. t. "to 

awaicen «suildenly ; toani- 

mat'V, to stir up ; to excite; 

to cdU forth j—p.n.arousci' 
Arousing, (a-rouz'Ing) rnr. 

stirring; putting in mo- 
tion; culling and uising to 
action ; awaking. 

Arquebus, (ir'ke-bus) n. a 
hand gun iormerly used. 

Arrack, (aKak) n. spirit of 
the cocoa-nut, rice, palms, 
or sugar-cane. 

Arraign, (a-riu) v. t. to call 
to an account; to indict ; to 
call to answer in courier 
before the people ; —/>pr. 
arraign'ing;-iW> arraigned' 

Arraignment, (n • i-An'ment) 
n. act of armigning ; call- 
ing in question ; accusation 

Arrange, (o-r&Jij) t'. t. to put 
in proper order ; to settle ; 
to classify ; to prepare 5— 
ppr. arr6.x!^iug;— 4Jp. or- 
ranged' adju^tcd. 

Arrangement, (a-rftnj'-ment) 
fi. orderly disposition: pi:t- 
tiug in order; linal settle- 
ment ; clastiification of 
facts ; pi in : scheme- 

Arrant, (ur'ant) o-iaramous; 
bad ; shameless 1 vile. 

Arras, (aKax) ». hangings of 
taiwsti-y woven witli fig- 
ures, mide first at Arras, 
in France. 

Array, ( i-: & ) n. order of men 
for battle; postu:-e of de- 
fence ; dress ;— t'. 1. 1.) put 
in order i-'pyr. arr ly'inj; ; 
—;>/.'. arrayed' enveloped 

Arrcuage, (a-re.-'dj; u. part 
of a debt unpaid. 

Arrears, (i-;fi,-z) n. pi. tliit 
which remains unpaid, al- 
though due ; old debts. 

Ari-Cdt, (a-rcsf) v t. to check; 
to restrain ; to seiie by 
warrant; to detain ;-->i. a 
seizure by legal warrant; 
stay of judgment after ver- 
dict :— .-^^r. arreet'in -. 

Arrested, (a - rcht'cd ) p.tu 
stoppe.'l ; hindered ; re- 
strained ; put uudcr arrest 

Arrival, (i-iiv'al) n. act of 
coming to n place ; a com- 
ing, reaching, or giining ; 
persoiiii cr things arriving. 

Arrive, (a-rfV) v. 1. to come 
to a plice ; to reach a point; 
to ntt.un i—'ipr. orriv'ing. 

Arrogance, (nr'o-g^ns) n. 
haughtiness ; overbearing 
conceit ; undue assump- 
titm of Htlf-importance. 

Arrogant, (iKo-gant 1 a. self- 
couceitea ; |)rou(i ; inso- 

lent I overbearing :— ". nr- 
rogant'ly prwumptuoiMly. 

Arrogate, far'o-gat) r. t. to 
claim unjustly ; to assume 
from pride ; to claim un- 
duly ',—ppr. arrogat'ing. 

Arrogated, (a'ro-cat-cd) pp. 
claimed by undue pieten- 
sions; usurped. 

Arrogatiim, (ar-d-gi'shun) 
n. assuming unjufttiy, un- 
duly or proudly. 

Arrogative, (ar'6-g4t-iv> a. 
making unjust claims. 

Arrow, (ar'd) n. a pointed 
weapon for discaorgiug 
from a bow ; malice. 

Arrow-headed, (a'ro-hcd-cd) 
a. shaped like the head ol 
an arrow, as a combina- 
tion of triangular or wedga- 
like figures found In Oic 
ruins 01 Pcrscpolis, Baby- 
lon, N'incvch, ic. 

Arrowroot, (ar'ro-root) n. a 
starch obtained from the 
roots of certain plants 
growing chiefly in w. In- 
dies, and u?cd as food for 
invalids and children. 

^Vrrowy, (u'ro-i) a. formed 
like arrows: incisive; swift 

Arsenal, (ar'sC-nalj n. a mag- 
azine for military store;^; 
— ./17. n ftorc of facts or ar- 

Aiscnlc, (ar'8cn-ifc)n. a min- 
eral poieoti ;— «. arpcn'icu!. 

Arson, (dr'sun) n. malicious 
burning of a house, etc. 

Art, (art) 2nd person singu- 
lar, indicative intiuil, pres- 
ent tense of the vc: b to br. 

Art, (art) n. tlic dispofilioa 
or nioaijcation of tilings 
by humnn skiil as oiiposed 
to natu-c ; science ; prai'- 
tical skiil ; n trade, tc; or- 
tijcoj cunning. 

Artesian. (ar-?6'/i-on) a. as 
wells made by borinjj into 
the earth till water is 
reached, and which then 
rises to the surface. 

Arterial, far-tcri-il) o. be- 
longing u an artery. 

Arterialize. (4r-te'ri-tiMz) r. 
t. to communicnte Iho 
qualities of nrtedul blood 
to venous hlool. 

Artery, (ar'te"-i) n. n vessel 
conveying blo->d from the 
heart to all pirfs of Uic 
body for assimilation. 


by Google 

Adversity is the true scale to 
weigh friends in. 

Advice is not compulsion. Ad- 
vice is cheap. 

Advice is like snow, the softer it 
falls, the longer it dwells upon, 
and the deeper it sinks into the 
mind.' — Coleridge. 




Artful, rtffful) a. skillful j 
decaitiul ; cunning ! dex- 
terous ; berformea with 
art 1 — ck/. orTf ully ; — n. 
art'Xulnesi, duplicity. 

Artichoke, (Ar'tl-ch6k) n. an 
esculent plant resembling 
a thistle, but with largo 
K%\y heads like the cone 
of the pine. 

Article, (ar'ti-kl) n. a cohdi- 
tion I a particular item ; a 
small joint or part i— u. t. 
to covenant i to bind by 
artielea; to stipulate. 

Articular, (4r-tik'a-ler)a. be- 
longing to articles or to the 
joints; a. artic'ularly. 

Articulate, (&r-tik'u-lat) v. t. 
to form into distinct words 
or s^lablcs; to speak f 
ad. Jointed; distinct; clear; 
— ».<l.«»Ttic' ul 4t«»d . 

Articulata, (ar-tiV&-Iipta) n. 
animals with Jointed rings, 
as worms, lobstcn, etc 

Articulation, (ar-tik-fl-li'- 
shun) n. distinct utter- 
ance; forming of sounds 
by the organ of speech ; 
connection by joints ; a 
jcHut of the body. 

ArtiAce, (4rt1 -fls) n. a con- 
trirance made with art or 
skill; a device; fraud; cun- 
ning ; im position ; craft. 

Artificer, (ar-tif i-scr) ii. one 
who makes by art ; a me- 
chanic ; one who deuign.s 
contrives, and constructs. 

Artificial, (drt-i-fi^hnl) o. 
made by art or skill ; not 
natural; cultivated; feign- 
ed ; — ad. artiflc'inlly. 

Artillerist, (Ar-til'cr-ist) n. 
one skilled in gunner}'. 

Artillery, (ir-tifer-l) n. of- 
fensive weapons of war, 
chiefly cannon, mortars, 
&c. ; troops who manage 
cannon ; gunnery. 

Artisan, (irt'i-zan) n. an art- 
ist; a person skilled in 
any mechanical art; a 

Artist, (irtist) n. one skilled 
in some ort, or who prac- 
tises iU'-fein. arf iste. 

Artistic, (ar-tisrik) a. per- 
taining to itn artist, or be- 
coming an artist ; refined. 

Artless, (art'les) o. without 
franl ; simple ; sincere ; 
honest ;— M. arf lessness. 

Aryan, (*-ri-an) a. relating 
to the Indo-European fam- 
ily of nations, or to their 

As, (az) a I. like ; even ; in 
like innnner ; for example. 

Asafcetida, (ad-u-fct'id-n) n. 
a medicinal gum, of a 
most disagreeable smell. 

Asbestos, (as-bcs'to6) n. an 
incombustible fibrous min- 
eral ;— a. a-sbes'tine. 

Ascians, (ash-yon 2) n. a pco- 

{>le without shadow, from 
he sun being right over 
their heads, as in the tor- 
rid zone, at certain sea- 
sons of the year. 

Ascend, (as-send') v. t. to go 
up I to rise ; to recur to 
former times, to climb. 

Ascendant, (as-scnd'ant) a. 
high I above the horizon ; 
superior ;—»». superior In- 
fluence; height. 

Ascendency, Ou-ficnd'en-si) 
n. influence ; power. 

Ascension, (as-sen'shun) it. 
a rising or going up; — 
Asccnsion-day, the festi- 
val held ten days before 
Whitsunday to commem- 
orate Christ's ascension to 
heaven r-o. asccn'sive. 

Ascent, (as-senf) it. act of 
ascending ; an eminence ; 
rise ; acclivity. 

Ascertain, (as-ser-tan') r. t. 
to make certain ; to gain 
certain knowledge ; to lix ; 
to establish ;— «. ascertain'- 
ablc ;—ppr. ascertain'ing ; 
pp. ascertained', known. 

Aiicertiinment, (as-ser-tan '- 
mcnt) n, a gaining of cer- 
tainty ; finding out. 

Ascetic, (ae-sct'ik) n. a de- 
vout recluse; a hermit who 
practi<e8 undue rigor and 
self-denial in religious 
things;— a. devout, aus- 
tc.-e ; — ». oscet'icism. 

Ascititious, (a8-«i-tish'us) n. 
additional ; stipplemcntal ; 
added or assumed. 

Aoc.-ibable, f as-krih'a-bl) a. 
that may be ascribed or 
attributed to. 

Ascribe, (as-krlb') v. t. to at- 
tribute to, as a cau:se or 
quality ; to impute or n»- 
sign to ; to put to the ac- 
count of '^—rtpr- ascrib'ing; 
—pp. ascribed', chareed. 

Ascription, (as-krip'shun) 
n. attributing to any cause 
or agency ; confening 
praise ; the thing ascribed. 

Ash, (jsh) «. n large hardy 
ti-ee, usually found in our 
Wix)d3 ana forest*, the 
wood of which is used 
when strength and elas- 
ticity nroicquired. 

AsUuned. (i-shftmd') n. af- 
fected by shame; abashed; 
put to the blush ;-Tip. 

Ashen, (ash'en) a. made of 
ash-wood \—fio. pale with 
fear or grief. 

A»he». (ash'ez) the re- 
mnins of what is burnt ; 
—fig. a dead body. 

Ashlar, (ash'ler) n. stones 
laid ill rows ; hewn or 
squared stone Ufsed in 
building, as distinguished 
from unhewn or rough as 
it comes from the quarry. 

Ashore, ( vshor') afl. at or on 
sliorc ; on the hnd. 

Ashy, (ash'i) a. osh colored ; 
like aithes : p<ile. 

Asiatic, (&-shi-afik) a. per- 
taining to Asia. 

Aside, ra-!>!d') ad. on one 
si-lo I apart : out of the 
right wav ; in private. 

Asinine, ^as'i-n!u;j a. of or 
like an ass ; stupid ; mean. 

.\8k, (aak)t'. U or t. to ccek 
an answer ; Xn petition ; to 
solicit ; to demand ; to in- 
nui:-c ; to set a price on. 

Asxanec, (ft-skans')a£f.awry; 
si :1c wars ; toward one cor- 
ner of the eye. 

Askew, ri-8kii')a<f. crooked; 
ouc-siued; with a wry look; 

Asleep, (a-8l5p') ad. in a 
sleeping state ; at rest in 
the grave ; supine. 

AsloiK, (a -slop') ad. in a 
slanting manner ; witii de- 
clivity of descent. 

A-sp, (-xv:) 71. ft small but ex- 
ceedingly venomous snake 

Asparagus, (ds-par'o-cus) w. 
a garden vegetable, the 
shoots of which arc eaten 
when hiiilcd . Kte. 

Aspect, (cs'pckt) It. a look t 
nir; appearance to the eye; 
countcnf»nce ; positirm. 

Aspen, (is'pcn) ;». a upecics 
of th» poplar tree with 
t-tMnhlin*.? l?Tves. 


by Google 

Advice is persuasive, but ex- 
ample is more persuasive. — 

Adversity teaches patience. 

Advice is seldom welcome; those 
who need it most like it least. 
— Johnson. 

Adversity has its uses. 




Asperity, (at-iMr'i-ti) n. 
roughness I harshness i 
moroseuess; sourness. 

Asperee. (as-pers') v. t. to 
Ciiumniate ; to inlander ; tu 
spread or scatter over or 
on i—ppr. aspers'ing i—pp. 
aspersed' ;— n. aapers'er, a 
vilifler, etc. 

Aepcn>ion, (as-per'shun) n. 
slander ; calumny ; defam- 
ation ;— a. aspers'ive. 

Asphalt, (as-falf) n. a bitu- 
minoua substance used an- 
ciently as a cement, and 
now for paving, kc 

Aspbaltic, (as-falfik} a. bi- 
tuminous;—", asphartum. 

Asphodel, (as'fd-del) ». a 
name for the day lily and 
plants of order Liliaceto. 

Aspliyxia, .(as-fiks'i-a) n. a 
cessation of pulse { swoon- 
ing or fainting, especially 
from BufFocation. 

Aspic, (asp'ik) n. the asp ; a 
plant; uvender. 

Aspirant, (as-pir'ant) ». one 
who aiipires ; a candidate. 

Aspirate, (os'piM^t) li. a let- 
ter or mark of an emission 
of breath In pronuncia- 
tion ('); — r. t. to pro- 
nounce with full breath- 
ing, as the letter h in 
Aoi«e/-a. pronounced with 
a full breath; 

pirating i—pp. as'pir&ted. 

ispiration, (as - pi-ra'shun , 

n. eager pursuit or desire 

after i ambition ; a full pro- 
nunciation; a. aspir'amy. 

Aspire, (a«-pir')r.t. to desire 
ciigerly ; to aim at soroc- 
tbmg elevated ;-pp. aspired' 

Aspiring, (as-plr'ine) ppr. 
seeking ; — a. am bitiuua ; 
having ardcntdesiretorise 

Aftquint, (a-skwinf) cui. 
^askant; with one eye shut 

Ass, (as) n. an animal of 
biiracii ; dull and slow, but 

ftiticnt, hardy, and sure- 
ootcd ; n stupid fellow. 

Assail. <a8-«il') r. t. to attack 
sudticuly ; to leap or spring 
ni)on» to injure or oppress: 
— r>>r. aRsail'inc ;— jyj. as- 
sailed', atiH.iulted. 

Aesriibble, (as-sirn-bl) a. 
that may bo attacked or 
invaded witii f access. 

Assailant, fao-sSrant) n. one 
who attacks or assaults. 

Assassin, (au-eas'sin) n. one 
who kills or tries to kill by 
secret assault or treachery. 

Assossinate, (as-sas'sin-ilt) v. 
t. to murder by secret as- 
sault or surprise \^jipr. as- 
sas'sinating ; ^/ij). assas'- 
sinated, stealthily killed. 

Assassination, (as-eas-sin-A'- 
shun) R. a secret murder. 

Assault, (as-sawlt) n. violent 
attack ; storm of a fort :— 
V. t. to attack with vio- 
lence : to charge ; to storm. 

Assay, (as-si) v. t. or t. to 
examine or weigh accur- 
ately ; to determine the 
amount of a metal in an 
ore or alloy v-^n. a trial ; 
first effort;ppr.)r. assay'ine; 
— pp. assayed', testca; 
proved: attempted. 

Assayer, (as-s&er) n. one 
who tries metals. 

Assemblage, (as-sem'bl&j) n. 
a collection of individuals 
or things; a meeting. 

Assemble, (as-aem'bl) v. t. or 
i. to bring or call togetlier ; 
to meet or converse for a 
puriiose ;— j>a assem'bled. 

Assembly, (as-sem'bli) n. a 
company of hearers as- 
sembled ; a collection of 
particular things ; a- legis- 
lature ; a congregation of 
religious worshipera. 

Assent, (as -sent') v. j. to 
think with ; to consent ; 
— n. agreement of opinion j 
the act of ^igreeing to or 
admitting ;—pp. apsent'ed. 

Assenting, (as-sent'ing;) ppr. 
agreeing to, or odmittmg 
as true ; yielding to. 

Assert, (as-aerf) v. t. to af- 
firm ; to maintain ; to de- 
clare positively ; to claim ; 
to vindicate ;'—pjir. assert'- 
ing ;— pp. apsert'ed j— n. aa- 
sert'or, affirmed 

Assertion, Ca«-»er'shun) w. 
positive declaration or 
averment ; affirmation. 

Assess, (as-ses') v. t. to fix 
the amount of a tax ; to 
value for the purpose of 
taxing ; to estimate. 

Asscftsable, (ds-ses'a-bl) a. 
that may b<j ossessed. 

Assessment, (as-eeb'nicnt) ti. 
a valuation for the pur- 
)X)sc of t ixation ; a tax. 

Assessor, (a^-ses'or) n. one 

who lays taxes or values; a 
legal adviser who sits be- 
side a judge to assist him. 

Assets, (as -sets') n. pi. ef- 
fects of a deceased or in- 
solvent person ; money or 
property of all sorts; .duesi 
or property set ngainetthe 
debts of an insolvent. 

Asseverate, (as-sev'er-it) r. 
r. to afHrra or assert posi- 
tively and solemnly. 

Asseveration, (as-sev-er-4'- 
s!vun) a positive afEnna- 
tion ; a solemn averment. 

Assiduity, < as-si-diVi-t i^ n. 
constant or close appUc** 
tion ; diligence. 

Assiduous, ( as - sid'Q-us) a. 
unwearied in application ; 
attentive ; diligent: perse- 
vering; — ad. assid'uousty. 

Assign, (as-tiin') v. t. to ap- 
point ; to allot ; to allege; 
to make over to another; to 
transfer ;—it. pL the repre- 
sentatives of another. 

Assignable, (as-pin'a-bl) a. 
that mny be transferred. 

Assign ation,(is-8ig-na'-shun ) 
n. npi^tointmcnt to meet; 
referring chiefly to disre- 
putablc love meetings. 

Aesignee, (as-sin-c*') w. n per- 
son to whom something is 
assigned ;— /^?. trustees. 

Assigner, (aR-sIn'er) n. one 
who assies or transfers 
property to another. 

Assignment, (as-sfn'ment) n. 
act of assigning; the trans- 
fer of property to ansigns ; 
a transfer of title or intcr- 
CPt; the willing by which 
anything is transferred. 

Assimilate, (as-sim'il-at) v. t. 
or i. to make like to; to 
grow similar ; to convert 
into a like substance, as 
food in our bodies ;—ppr. 
assim'iittting ;— pa. cssim'- 
ilatcd.made part of. 

Assimilation, (as-siin-il-&'- 
shun) ij. the act of making 
similar, or converting into 
a like substance j the pro- 
cess by whicli plantM, ani- 
mal* and fill living thin^» 
approp iate f digest tlicir 
food ; — a. aRsim'i'.ative. 

AsKist, (ns-sibf) V. t. to help ; 
to puccor ; to sustain ; to 
relieve : to aid i—ppr. a»'- 
eist'iug i—pp. as'sistcd. 


by Google 

Advice is thrown away where the 
case admits of no counsel. 

Advising^ is easier than helping. 
— German. 

Advice to a fool goes in at one 
ear, and out at the other.— ^ 

Actions speak louder than words. 




AMisUace, (aa-sisrans) r. 
help : coairibution oi aid { 
relief t succor ; support. 

Assintant, (as-sut'aat) n. one 
who assists $ helper { n sup- 
porter; an aid« an employe, 
or subordinate < a. helping. 

Assize, (as-slz)»t. a court of 
Justice i a ecncral reckon* 
ing, or rendering of judg- 
ment ; —V. i. to fix meas- 
ures or rates by authority i 
in pUtraU regular aeesions 
of the higher courts. 

Assizer, (as-slz'er)ii. an of- 
ficer who inspects weights 
and measures by authority 

Associable, (as-so'blii-a-bl)<i. 
that may be joined or uni- 
ted by sympathy ; sociable; 
comianionable;~it. asso- 
ciabu'ity ;— a. associa'tivc. 

Associate, (as-Bd'shi-A:) r. t. 
or t. to join in company ; 
1o unite with ; to confed- 
erate; to adopt on terms of 
equality ;— a. joined in in- 
terest;— ». m companion ; 
partner} partaker. 

Associated, (ns-«0'8hi-&t<ed} 
pa. joined ; united in com- 
pany or in interest 

Association, (a8-s(>-8hi-&'- 
thun) n. the act of asso- 
ciating for a particular 
purpose t union i confcd- 
eraay ; a eociety, or body 
of pe;-&ons united t— a. os'' 

Assonance, (as'sA-nans) n. 
resemblance of eoundx; a 
response 't—a. os'sOnant 

Assort, (as-sorf) r. *. or *. to 
rangJB or distribute into 
classes t arrange \ separate 

Assoi-tcd. (n8-sort'ed)pa. sep- 
arated into kinds sc rts. or 
classes i-~ppr. assorring. 

Assortment, (as-sort^cnt) 
n. a mass or quantity of 
thin^ assorted; distribu- 
tion into sorts; varic^. 

Assuage, (a»-swaj') r. t. to 
abate ; to allay ; to soothe ; 
to reduce, as pain; to ease; 
to iTiltigate v—ppr. nssuSg'- 

ing ; — w>. ns8ufi«^cd' i — n. 

as'suagc inen t . easing. 
Assnaave, <aa-swi'«1r) a. 

softening; mitigating. 
Assnetiide, (as-su'e-tCid) «. 

custom t habitual use. 
Assume, fas -sum") v. t to 

take I to undertake ; to 

claim without proof, or 
more thau is just or nat- 
ural ; to become liable lor, 
as tor debls ; to arrogate. 

Assumed, (as-aum'U) pa. 
taken for granted ; arro- 
gated; taken ubbn oneself; 
undertaking the payment 
of a debtor mortgage. 

Assuming, (a8-sum'ing)ppr. 
or a. arrogant; the act of 
making like one's own ; 
becoming responsible for ; 
haughty ; presumptuous. 

Assumption, (asHtum'-shun) 
«. a taking upon oneself ; 
arrogance; the thing as- 
sumed; taking for granted 

AsKurance, (a-snoor'ane) n. 
certain expectation ; free- 
dom fnJm doubt; act of 
assuring, as life or fire in- 
Burance; confidence; se- 
curity against loss; wantof 
modesty ; presumption. 

Assure, (a-shoor') v. t. to 
make ftecure or confident i 
to assert positively ; to se- 
cure agaTust loss r-a.asniK- 
irwi .ax»ur'e(/MeM.certaiat7 

Assured, fa-slxoord');»^ per- 
suaded; made certain or 
confident; indubitable; se- 
cured against loss ; guar- 
anteed or promised a cer- 
tain sum in the event of 
death or dam!u:eby flrc*c. 

Assurer, (a-shour'er) n- a 
person or company that 
assures or insures. 

Assuredly, (n-shoor'ed-li) 
a:lv. certainly ; withont 
doubt; indubitably. 

Aster, (as'ter) n, rvL exten- 
sive genus of plants, with 
radiated comiwund flowers 

Asterisk, (as'tcMsk) ii. tlie 
mark (•) in printing or 
writing4 starcluhter. 

Astern, ( n-stem' ) ad. the 
hinder part <«C a sliip ; 
backward; behind. 

Asteroid, ^us'ter-oid) n. one 
of the minor stars or plmi- 
ets between Mars kud Ju- 
piter; a falling star. 

Asthenic, <fifl-thcn'ik} a. de- 
bilitated: weak(mcd.)- 

Anhma, (asf niu) n. ditiicuU 
breathing; a chronic di • 
order of the orpans of res- 
piration ;— a. ai>th'mntic. 

Af tir, ( a-sler ) ad. on the 
move ; stirring ; active. 

Astomatous. (a-8toni'a4as) a. 
in btoloffif, mouthleas. 

Astonish, (as-ton'ish) v. e. to 
amaze ; to impress with 
sudden surprise. 

Astonished, (aa-ton'ibht')po. 
amazed; stunned; dumb 
with surprise or wonder- 
Astonishing, (as-ton-ish'-ing) 
a. wonderful ; amazing ; 
Burpridag ; incredible. 

Astonishment, C as-ton'ish- 
ment) n. emotion created 
by a wonderful event ; 
great surprise ; wonder. 

Astound. (as-touiid')v. t. to 
strike dumb with surprise 
and amazement i—ppr. as- 
tound'ing;— pp. ostound'ed 

Astragal, (as'tra-gal) n. in 
arcA. a small serai-circular 
moulding or bead encirc- 
ling a column or in other 
situationss beaded frames. 

Astral, (as'tral) a. belonging 
to the stars ; Btanr. 

Astray, ^n-stril') acr. out of 
the rigiit way, or proper 
irface I into error. 

Astrict, (as-tricf ) v. t. to tie 
close or toecthcr ; to bind. 

Astriction, (as-trik'shun) n. 
act of binding close. 

Astride, (a-strld') astraddle, 
(a'fitrad'l) ad. across ; with 
legs open as on a horse. 

Astnnge, (as-tri#n r. t. to 
draw together ; to brocc; to 
bind fa-st ;— j>p. astringed*. 

Astringency, (a»-trinj'cn-sl) 
n. the power of contract- 
ing the parts of the body. 

Astringent, <as-trin|'cnt) o. 
binding: ; contmcfing 5— ». 
a medicine which l:inds 
and strengthens; princi- 
ple in bark that tans hides. 

Aitrologer, <a»-tjx>To-3ei) n. 
one who pretends to lore- 
tell events by the aspect 
of the stars. 

Astrological, <as-trO-loj' 
a. relating to nstFok>gv. 

Astrology, (as-*.t>ro-il) n. 
the knowledge and science 
of the stars: the prelcndcd 
art of foretelling future 
events by their situation 
and diCTorent atpects. 

Astronomer, (as-tron'o-mer) 
n. a student of astronom- 
ical sciencer or theatars. 

Astronomy, (as-tron'o-me)n. 
the lawa or sdcnoe of the 


by Google 

Advise not what is most pleas- 
ant, but what is most usefuL 
(Gr.)— Solon, 

AU b^innings are hard. 

Affectation Is a proof of vanity; 

to be pleasing, it is only i 

sary to be naturaL 
AU bring grist to our milL 



«Ui« or b«a«r«n!T bodies 4 
— /r. lutroiiom'tcfU. 

Astute, (- »4ur> a. chrevd; 
SAKiciou* ; penctratiDK % 
cnity : cnnning; c«gie< 
eyed i—ad. antuto'ly j ~ n. 
MtUk'neiu. saMUtF* 

Asu»<ler« (a-suu'der) ttd. 
apxrX ; •cpatmtely ; taco two. 

A«ylam, (a-«rluin)ik ■ ref> 
tige ; sasctuarj ; en insti- 
tuSoa fcr the relief and 
care of the tinfortunnte. 

A.sjrtntotc, (a'him-tOt) h. a 
Une nrhicli thouj^li contin- 
ually approaching come 
curve ne\'cr meets it 

At, (at) p/v/x denoting n«ar- 
ncfti or presence; towards; 
ia a state of t cni^gcd on ; 
employed In; in; by; near. 

Ate, {&t) pret. of Kaf. 

Atheisnv, (a'thu4zTn) n. the 
state of beinjr irreligious ; 
deny ins the exialpace «f a 
Qoa ;lnflilelity 

Athoi»t, («thfi-ist) n. one 
who denies the existence 
of a Go<l ; a i^dlens, wick- 
cdof sa4f-rightron» pcnMO. 

Atheistical, ( a.th8- UriV . al) 
a. denying a God{ disi)C- 
lierins : Impious. 

Athoneunt, At1ienseuni,(ath- 
«-ui'uDi'> (.puiilic reading- 
room ; a place of liten^y 
resort i lecture lulL 

Athenian, (r^licn'c-an) a. 
pertainin]; to Athoiu ;'ii. 
a native or inhohitant of 
Athens, in Grret^e. 

Atbtrst. (MherKT) o. thin^; 
hnrinj^ alcceat desire. 

Athlete, (ath-laf) n. a con- 
lender lor victory by feats 
of ptrength ; one 'vlgovam 
in body or mindip/. •iMBs 

of bO(ljr« robust 4 vi^orousi 
pertaimBg to cxeiciscs of 
streqgth, as boxing, wrest- 
ling, running, S:c. 

Atliwart, (a-thwarf) ml, and 
jtrep^ across x from cidc tu 
side 9 transverse t ih:t>ugli. 

Atlnnte:in, <rt-lan-te'an^ tt. 
pertsiningtoor resci7il;ling 
Atlas ; atrong ; gix&n lie. 

Atlantic, (aVlanUk) n. the 
oceam betveen Europe, 
Africa, and America. 

Atlas, (arias) n. a collection 
of maps bonnd together ; 
a god who was represented 

as bearing 'the world on 
his shouidcr% and whose 
flgure used to be ^vcn on 
the title-page of atlskscs. 

Atmosphere, (armo»i-lCr> n. 
the mass of air tluit sur* 
rounds the earth}-:/fff.any 
sarrouading influence. 

a. bclonginc to the atmos- 
phere ;-acI.aunosphciiCally 

Atom, (nfom) n. a very 
small particle of matter, to 
minute thst it cannot bo 
cut or divided into smaller 

eirlii, or manipulated, 
mic, (v-tom'ik) a. relat- 
ing to atomn; infinitesimal 

Atomism, (cfom-izm) n. the 
doctrine that atoms a> 
ranged 1 hemsci vc s in to the 
nniverse i atomic theocy 

Atone, (a-tun') v. L to make 

' satisfaction for ; to expiate 
by sacriflces ; to stand as a 
aubstitute, or equivalent 
for ; tu reconcile. 

Atonement, (a-tOn'^ment) n. 
cxpiiiion ; satisf action ; 
expiation by an equivalent 

Atop, <B-top'J orf.on the top. 

Atrociuuft, (T^-tro'ahus) a. 
Iteiaous ; very wicked ; 
enormous ; extremely cm- 
eU horrible; — ad, atro'- 
ciuusly;— n. atnp'cionsneiis. 

Atrocity, <»-tro^4i) ». hor- 
rible wickcdncM; extreme 
hcinousncss ; a crime. 

Atrophy, f nfrft-ti ) n. a w^ant 
of nourishment ; wssthif; 
of the body without mani- 
fest cance . cowvraptioii. 

Attach, <at-tach') i'. t. to seize 

(>rone: ty or the person by 
ejnu process ; to win or 
f;ain over by love or nraral 
uflueiicea . toconuect. 

Altachftblc, r-it-tach'a-W) a. 
that may be taken hv at- 
tachment : afFertinnnte. 

Attache, (ct-ta-sM') n. one 
attached to the suit of an 
ambaxsr.dor or to «n edi- 
torinl staff < •ubordinate. 

Attached, (6t4:»cM-) p*. af- 
fixed; taken ;sei<cfl;bound 
to in affection ; hnked. 

Attnehment, (ct-tach'-meat) 
n. taking property, &c,, by 
legal process; afFectioit; 
Itttving lore to, or afiec- 
tion for ; adherence. 

Attack, (at-Uk-) v, t. to fall 

u^n with ^iolcuce t to aa- 
s.4ili to assault ; to invade t 
« assault i <jU9cU—ppr, 
attacldng v—pp. attacked'. 

Attain, (at-tAn) r. i. to reach 
by efforts t to aniva at ; to 
g.tin ; to get, or procure. 

Attainable, {ct-tAn'a-bl) <i. 
tlMtmsy be gained, reach- 
ed, accomplished, or a- 
clusved ; — «. ettainable- 
Dcas' ;—ppr. attaining ; — 
pp. attauicd': o. aeciuinad. 

Attainder, (et-Uin'der) a. tlie 
act of attain tinf; iu law : 
loss of civil rightii. 

Attaimnent, (rt-t&n'mcnt) a 
act of attaining ; thiu^ at- 
tained I actiuisition. 

Attaint, (at-tanf) r. (. to cor- 
rupt; toCndguil^ of trea- 
son I— n. a Btrin i spot 

Attainted, <at-t&nt'eu) rp. 
eorrunted « stained : die- 
Kraccn; rendered ineapa- 

ole of inheriting ;—;i7/r. 
attainting, degmliaff. 

Attemper, ini-tcxn'per) v. t. 
to reduce or qualify by 
mixture « to modiiy or 
moderate i to fit to. 

Attempt, (at- tcmf) n. a 
trial t effort i attack t en- 
deavor ; exertion «— «•• t. to 
atrain after; to make ef- 
forts ; to try by experi- 
ments ; to endeavor ; to 
essay i—jypr. attrmpring ; 
—pp. attcmpfed. 

Attend, (^t-tcad') i». t. or i. 
to accompany; to wait 
upon ; to regard with at- 
tention ; to cn-c herd. 

Attendance, (ei^en'rans) n. 
the act of waiting on, or 
serving; the persons at- 
tending; duty. 

Attendant, (.;t-lcnd'ant> a. 
accompanying; a. one that 
attends or waits 4.n ; that 
which nccempanicx. 

Attention, <nt-tcn'»hMn) n. 
act of heeding ; net of civ- 
ility; courtesy ; mental cp- 
;)lieaticn t care, 
tentivc, (st-tcn'tiv) a. re- 
gardful ; f ull( f attention ; 
mindful t—ad. attentively'. 

Attcnnant, (at-tcn'u-r.nt) a. 
making thin; diluting;— 
a. a medicine that rtteiiu- 
atea or reduces the f.esh. 

Attcnnate, (flt.t«n'Q-4t) v. f. 
to make thin or lees viscid. 


by Google 

Affectation of wisdom often pre- 
vents us from becoming wise. 

Affected simplicity is refined im- 
posture. (Fr.)— La Rochef. 

Affection can withstand very 
severe storms of rigor; but not 
a long polar frost of downright 
indifference. — Walt. Scott* 




Attenuation, (at-ten-fi-ft'- 
»hun) n. the net of making 
thin or slender ; thinneu 
or leanness ' a. attenuated. 

Attest, (at-icstO v. t. to bear 
vritncss ; to certify ^ to af- 
firm I to arouch. 

Attestotion, (at-test-T-Bhui) 
n. testimony I witness. 

Attestor, (at-tcsfor) n. one 
who attests, or one who 
hears witness f rerifter. 

Attic, (afUkj a. pertainlnB 
to Attica ; pure i classical; 
— n. the uppermost room 
in a house ; a garret. 

Atticism, (at'-ti-«izm)n. ele- 
gant Greek ; idiom of the 
Greek languaso, used by 
the ancient Athenians. 

Attire, (at-tlr^ r. t. to dress ; 
to deck i to adorn j — n. 
clothes ; head-dress ; orna- 
mental clothes I— r^pr. at- 
tir'ing ?— pp. attired'. 

Attitude. (nrti4ad) n. a pos- 
tal* aoapted to some pur- 
poset position of the body. 

AtUtudtoise, (at-tUQdln-iz) 
V. i. to assume affected at- 
titudcs^-pp. attitQd'inlscd 

Attorney, (at-tur'ne) n. a 
Jawver { one who acts for 
smother in matters of law ; 
one who prepares cases for 
trial in court »— p?. attor- 
neys {— «. attor'neyship. 

Attorney -general, t at-tur'- 
ne -gcn'crHtl) n. the head 
Jaw-ofRcer of the gorem- 
laent state or nationoL 

Attract, (at-trakr) v. I. to 
draw to or towards } to 
cause to approach t to en- 
tice : to allure Y~ppr. and 
a.attracting:->pr>. attracf- 
ed ;— a. attractable. 

Attraction, (at-«rak'shun> ik. 
the force which draws or 
tends to draw bodies or 
their particles to each 
othertact or power of draw- 
ing to t allurement. 

Attractire. (at-traktlr) a. 
having the power to at- 
tract, or draw to i allurings 
enticing ^-<xd'il. attrac'tiTe- 
ly ; nttracf ingly. 

AttracUvencBS, ( at-trakf-ir. 
nesa) n. the quality which 
draws « drawing by moral 
influences - or personal 
bMuty :— fi. attraetor. 

Attiflmta, (at-triblit) v. t. to 

ascribe ; to^pute { to ap- 
portion to ; that which can 
be predicated of any thing i 
—a- attribufable. 

Attribute, (artri-bOt) a. an 
inhcreut quality t a per- 
fection of the Deity. 

Attribution, (at-tri-bu'-shun) 
n. the act of attributing ; 
the quality escribed. 

Attributive, (at^rib'i\-4iv) a. 
expressing an ottributc »— 
n. m gram, a word which 
expresses quality. 

Attnte, (nt-trtf) a. worn by 
rubbing, or friction. 

Attrition, (at-trish'un) n. a 
name given by old writers 
to gncf for Bin arising 
from fear ; act of wearing 
things, by rubbing one 
ngaihst another I friction. 

Attune, (ct-tun') v. t. \:> put 
in tunc, or make muFic-1 5 
to adjust one sound to an- 
other ( to arrange fitly ;— 
npr. attun'inc ; — ;p. ct- 
iuncd. [twain ; osundcr. 

Atwain, (a-tTrin') ad. in 

Auburn, (aWTiura) a. brown 
with a shade of red 1 of a 
rich chcBtnut color (gen- 
erally" applied to haxr or 
fcaUiert) \ taaaeiL 

Auction, (awk'shun) %, a 

Sublie scle in which each 
iddcr Incrensca the price 
offered by the preceding, 
\\\c nrlicfe put nn being 
sold io the highest Didder t 
things 80 sold. 

Auctioneer, (awk-shun-SiO 
n. one who sells by auction 

Audacious, (aw-da'shus) eu 
bold \ impudent 1 daring t 
despising and scorning re- 
straints }— odL Ruda'cionsly 

Audacity, faw-das'i-tc) n. 
presumption j daring spir- 
it: impudence ; effrontery. 

Audible, (awd'i-bl) a, thct 
mar be heard } perceptible 
to tho car \—<id. au'dibly. 

Audience, (awd'i><;ns) x. act 
of hearing or listenmr to n 
sptokcr t an assembly of 
hearers ; liberty or oppor- 
tunity of speaking with, 
or before, anv one t ad- 
mittance to a hearing. 

Auditf (awd'it) ». an exam- 
ination of recounts by a 
person who hears or exam- 
mes a statement and ven- 

der) n. a tool tc 
TUlODa, \ 

fies it by reference to the 
voochers }— ^. /. to exam- 
ine and adjust;— r. t. to 
settle accounts t aflow. 

Auditor, (awd'it<r) n. hear- 
er I an examiner of a lincl 
account;— n. and'itorship, 
the office of en auditor. 

Auditory, (awd'it-or-i) n. a 

tlace where lectures arc to' 
e heard i an cssemWy of 
kcarcrs^— a. able to hear ; 
—relating to tlic organs cr 
nerve of hearing. 

Augean, (au-frc-an) a. per- 
taining to AUCCU5, a fabu- 
lous king of LUis, famous 
for his stable, which it is 
said contained 3,000 oxen, 
and had not been cleaned 
for 30 rears, when llcr- 
ctilcs cleaned it ; the word 
incans foul rnd filthy. 

Auffcr, (rw'ger) n. a tool to 
bore holes 
in woodt 
nlso an in- 
etrum c n t 
for perfor- 
ating soils or rocks.— Aug- 
er-bit, n. a piece of stccI 
witli a cutting edge for fil- 
ing on the i>omt of on au- 
ger, [part. 

Aufrht, (awt) It. any thing ; a 

Augment, (nwj;-mcnf ) v. f. 
to grow bigger ;— f. t. to in- 
crease ; to nrow larger. 

Au.':nTicnt,(awg'mcnt)n. in- 
crease ; a prcCx to a word ; 
—pa, BujTmcnt'cd, raised. 

Augmentation, (ar/g-mcnl- 
&'shun) ». the acl of in- 
creasing; eal-.rrrcment ; in- 
crease ; tLTi addition. 

Augmentative, (nwg-menf- 
ftt-iv) a. that augments ; 
having t!io quali^ of in- 
c^ca8ing^-n. (firram.)a der- 
ivative wora formed io 
denote an excess of what 
is expressed by its primi- 
tive, cs diUl, dullard. 

AuOTr, (nw'ger) n. n Roman 
officer who foretold future 
events by omens, or the 
flieht, feeding, ftc. of birds ; 
a diviner ; a soothsayer ;— 
V. (. or i. to f oretelf from 
signs ; to guess or conjec- 
ture ;— «. au'gnrial. 

Augury, (aWgu-re) n, a pre- 
diction t an omen. 

August, (aw'gQst} n. eighth 


by Google 

Afflictions are the best blessings 

in disguise. 
Afflictions are the good man's 

treasures. — Dodd. 

After a thrifty father, a prodigal 
son. — Spanish. 

After one vice, greater ones fol- 
low. — Spanish. 



month of the Tear, bo called 
after Ccaar Augu8toB,one 
of the Roman emperors. 

AusTtst, (aw-eustO a. errand t 
uiagninceut: iiupiringtcv- 
rreoce or awe ; venerable. 

.\ugii8tan, ( aw*gus'-tan ) a. 

ficrtaining to Auputtus 
acDjievr o( JuUua Cteear, 
ana one of the greatest 
Rotnun emperors), or to 
the time in which helired; 
rlaiwical; reflued. 

Auk, (awk) n. web -footed 
sea-birda found in the 
Northern leaa, of the ge- 
nag Alca. 

Aunt, (cat) n. father's or 
mother'! bister t (sAoJl.) a 
procuretsr any old woranri. 

Aurated, (ayr'Tirte^ a. like 
or resemuling roIoj a.Bu'ric. 

Aurelia, (aw-re'li-a) n. the 
chrysalis of an insect, so 
called from its gold color. 

Aureola, (aw-r6'0-la> n. a cir- 
cle of gold-colored rays. 

Auricle, (aWii-kl) n. the ex- 
ternal ear; n kind of enr- 
trnmpet ;~pl. the two cav- 
itics in the lower and nar- 
rower end of the heart. 

Auricula, (uw-i-ik'u-la)n.well 
known garden tomj i oHo 
called bear's-par, from the 
shape of its leaf. 

Auricular, (aw-rik'Q-ler) «. 
witiiiu hearing ; HFotccn in 
the ear i obtained by hcar- 
fc.iy ; traditional ; — It. the 
tuft of ff atliers ronnd the 
orifice of the ears of birds. 

Auriculate, (nw-: ik'u-lat) a. 
ear •shaped 5 having oj)- 
pcndages like the ear, u 
leaves, or bivalve shells. 

Aurifeious, (nw-rif cr-us) a. 
bearing or producing gold. 

Aurora, (aw-rora) «. morn- 
ing ; the dawn or break of 
day ; goddess of Morn. 

Au!0:a Borealis. (aw-rO'ra- 
ba-re-a'lis) h. the northern 
I-;;ht8 : a phenomenon of- 
ten witnessed et night in 
northern latitudes, gener- 
ally having the appearance 
cf a lummons arch, sup- 
posed to be of electrical or- 
linn X Auro'ra Aniitmlis, a 
similar illnmioation in the 
southern hemisphere. 

AtiroraU (aw-rO'nil) a. he- 
longing to the curora-bo- 

realu t resembling twi- 
light, or Hic momini^ 

Auscultation, <nws cul-ta' 
ffliuQ) n. art oi listening, 
or a method of discovering 
disease of the lungs, by 
rpply ing the ear to a tnba 
in contact with the chest. 

Auspice, (aws'pis) n. omen 
drawn from birdi ; influ* 
ence ; patronrgo { protec- 
tion t fortune i—pC (»). 

Auspicious , f «i w - srish - us) 
a. with brill ir.nt no pes <u' 
success I lucky 1 prosper- 
ous: favorable. 

Auspiciously, ( r.w-spibh'-us- 
Ici ad. prosperous;y : hr.p- 
pilV t hopcluUy 1— n. nu- 
spic'iousness, fine outlook- 
Austere, (aw-stfir') a. severe; 
harsh; stem 1 uncomprom- 
i*ing ;— o«/. aus'tcrcly. 

Austerity, (aw-ster'i-ti) ftn- 
Btercnc-s, ^aw-ster'ncs) n. 
excessive rigor ; harsh dis- 
cipline I acverity of man- 
ners or life; stcruncFs. 

Austral, (aws'tral) a. lying 
towards tlie south. 

Anthcntie, (aw-thcn'tik) a. 
havicgnuthority uaii irbni 
the author's own hand ; 
legally attested ; genuine ; 
true I not a counterfeit 1 
correct J warranted. 

Authenticate, (aw-then'ti« 
kit) V. t. to confirm by au- 
thority 1 to urove genuine ; 
—ppr. autiicn'tic&ting { — 
fa. authcn'ticated. 

Anlhcnticatii n, (nw-then-ti- 
ka'Khun ) n. confimi&tiou 
by proof ; estnbiL^hin^;-arf. 
aathcntic'ally, genuinely. 

Authenticity, (aw - tlicn-ti..'- 
i-ti> n. genuineness; letil- 
ity ; resting upon proper 
authority; authority. 

Author, (.aw'ther) n. one who 
makes, causes, invents, or 
creates; & 0rst framcr cr 
inventor; a writer of an 
original book ;— /em. Bu'- 
thoress ^ — a. au'thOnal. 

Authoritative, (aw- tlior'it. 
at-ivj a. with authority ; 
positive; dictatorial. 

Authority, (aw-thor'i4i) n. 
one who is referred or cp- 
renled to; testimony; cred- 
ibility; weight of evidence 
or opinion ; permission ; 
IKiwer derived from office 

or character M»t author'- 
ities, precedents, opinions 
or say logs carrying weight; 
persons in power. 

Authorization, (aw-thor-i- 
zi'shun ) n. the giving au- 
thority ; legahzing. 

Authoiize, (aw'thoMz) v. f. 
to warrant by authority ; 
to empower : to sanction ; 
to le^lize \—f>pr. an'thor- 
I/.ing f— "a. an thorlaed. 

Authorship, (aw'thor-ship) 
n. the author 1 origin. 

Autobiop-rapliy, (aw-td-bl- 
og'ra-f I) R. fife of a person 
written by himself; me- 
moirs of one's own life ;— 
a. autobiograph'ical ;-»N. 

If autobiog'rapher. 
Autocracy, (aw-tok'rt-si) %, 
f uolinntcd power in one 

1 person ; despotism or ftb- 
eolute government. - 

Autocrat, (aw'to-krat) CTBi 
absolute prince or mon- 
arch t any one invested 
isrith absoluto independent 
powe-s;— a. autocrat'ic. 

Auto di fe. (o-to-dn^i) n. 
punishment by burning; 
a judgment of thcloqui- 
sition acquitting or con- 
demning persons accused 
of heresy ;— /j/. destruction 

of anything by tire. 
Autograph, (aw'to-gi , 
particular handwriting of 

to-graO »• 

a person ; an original man- 
uscript ; signature. 

Autographic, faw-tO-grar- 
ik)«. lii one s own hand- 
w iting. us an autograph* 

Autography. ( «w - tc>g'rc-f 1 ) 
M. a p-or'CBSin lithography 
by w! ic!i a writingor draw- 
ing i^ trnsf erred from it 
tosfono, fo that the stone 
became If its own writer; 
orijlncl of a treatise (in 
oppositio.i to acopy). 

Automatic, (aw-to-mct'ik) n. 
acting from concealed ma- 
chinery, as if self-inovhip ; 
(ana*. )in voluntary ;(mecA.) 
self-regulating; — wl. 'rtlly. 

Automaton, (ew-tom*a-ton) 
n. A self-moved machine, 
which imitates the nctions 
of men or animals ; thnt 
which arts of it« own co 
cord ;— i'7. autom'^'ta, au- 
tom'atous ^— n. vWtnmatK 
one who is self-taught. 


by Google 

After all, our worst misfortunes 
never happen, and most mis- 
eries lie in anticipation. (Fr.) 
— Balzac. 

After dinner sit awhile; after 

supper walk a mile. 
After joy, grief; after grief, joy. 





Autonomy, (aw-ton'o-mi) n. 
the power or right of self • 
government { retention of 
ntitiohal laws or conatitU' 
tion I the Boverclgnty of 
reason in the mind of man 
as inipoding laws on the 
will ;— a. auton'omons. 

Autopsy, (aw-top'sjL) w. lit. 
seeing with one's eyes ; 
ocular demon !«tration t — 
med. post-mortem examiu- 
Btion of a body. 

Autumn, faw'tum) n. third 
Keasou 01 the year, when 
the fruits of the e^rth are 
gatliered in ; popularly 
comprising the months of 
September, October and 
November?— «. antum'nal. 

Ausiliarj', (awg-nl'iar-i) a. 
subnidinry, as troops i a»- 
sistings — n. an assistant; 
a confederate ; a helper ; a 
helping verb, to form the 
moods and tenses of other 
verbs \—n. pi. auxil'iaries, 
soldiers or confederates. 

Avail, ^a-val') v. t. or i. to be 
of value or service to i to 
benefit 5 to aid ; to be of 
nse ; to ansvrcr the pur- 
pose ; — n. U83 ; means to- 
wards an end t benefit ; 
proUt I service; — M. pi. 
a'vails, proceeds, sura ob- 
tained fioiii a sale; profits. 

Available, (a-vala-bl) a. ca- 
pable of being turned to 
account ; profitable ; suit- 
able ; sumcient to eft'rct 
the object in view \—nj»r. 
a'vaiiing \—ad. a'vailably ; 
— n. avaiia'blenef>s. 

Avalanche, (av'-n-laneh) n. a 
mass of snow and ico slid- 
ing down a mountain to 
the valley below ; a snow- 
slip v—fig. any overwhelm- 
ing ditficultics or troubles 
coming suddenly. 

Avarice, (av'a-rit; n. extreme 
love of money or property; 
a restless desire of procur- 
ing or hoarding up wealth. 

Avaricious, ( av-a-iish'us) a. 

frreedy of g.iiu ; extrcmc- 
y covetous j niggardly ; 
nordiJ;— n. avari'ciousncss. 
Avariciously, (av-a-rish'-ue- 
Ic) adi". in an avaricious 
manner t with an inordi- 
nate desire of property. 
Avast, (ft-vastO ear. holdfaiti 

stop I take heed ; enough ; 
(a nautical term). 

Avauut, (a-vawnf) tx. ad- 
vance I move on ) begone 
from before me. 

Ave-Maria, (a'vv-mi're-a) n. 
an invocation or address to 
the Virgin Mary ; an n^ 
bridgment of Hail Mary. 

Avenge, (a-vcni') v. t. to re- 
venge ; to fcike or inflict 
vengeance on : to punish ; 
to vmdicate ; to defend ;— 
n. aven'gcr, one who takes 
vengeance or iinnishes. 

Avcn^ied, (a-venjd') pn. snt- 
isfled with the punishment 
of the offender ; vindicat- 
ed { o . ppr aveng'ing. 

Avenue, («v'e-nG) n. an al- 
ley or trees leading to a 
place, house, or room t ap- 
proach J K wide street or 
road by which any place 
may be reached or enter- 
ed ; used metaphorically, 
means of access in general. 

Aver, (a-ver') t?. t. to declare 
to be true ; to assert with 
confidence ; to verify. 

Average, TaVcr-aj) «. the 
mean value or quantity of 
• number of values or 
quantities ; — a. containing 
a mean proportion j— r. t. 
or i. to tind a mean pro- 
portion of J to divide ac- 
cording to a given propor- 
tion ; to exist in, or form, a 
mean quantity or sum ;— 
ppr. av'crfiging ;—/);>. aV- 
e.aged, equalized. 

Averment, (a-vcr'nient) n. 
positive declaration < es- 
tAblixhment by evidence. 

Averse, (a-vers') a. disin- 
clined to ; not favorable. 

Aversion, (a-ver'shun) n. de- 
testation i dislike ; antipa- 
thy % the object of dislike. 

Avert, ^a-vert') r. t, or t. to 
turn irom oraride; to keep 
off, or prevent ;— a. avert'- 
ing, turning away f .'om. 

Aviary, (&'vi-ar-i) n. build- 
ins for keeping birds. 

Avidity, (a-vid'i-ti^ n. a pant- 
ing cf ter ; grecdmess ; eag- 
erness; appetite :— a. av'id. 

Avocation, (ar-d-ka'ahun) n. 
the lawful buRiness or em- 
I)loymenta which demand 
time and attention. 

Avoid, (a-void') V. f.or i. to 

try to escape from ; shun ; 
decline ; to throw out ; va- 
cate ; escape ; withdraw. 

Avoidable, (a-void 'a -bl} a. 
that may be shunned, a- 
voided, vacated or annul- 
led ;— ns. avold'ancc; avoi'- 
der ''—I'pr. nvoid'inc: i—j^p. 
avoid'ed, prevented. 

Avoidless, ta-void'-less) a. 
unavoidable ; inevitable. 

n. a system of weights in 
which the pound equals 
sixteen ounces ; weight. 

Avouch, (a- vouch') r. t. to 
affirm ; to declare peremp- 
torily I to warrant ; to as- 
sert I to maintain, own or 
confess ;— a. avOuch'able ; 
— ppr. avouch'ing ; —pp. 
avouched' ;-».avouch'ment 

Avow, (a-voW) V. t. to de- 
clare oi}cn]y and without 
disguise i to own ; to ac- 
knowledge and justify ; to 
proclaim;— a. avow'able;— 
ppr. ttvow'ing !—/)«. avow- 
ed';— n.avow'cr, or Justificr 

Avowal, (a-vow'al) n. a pos- 
itive declaration ; a fmuk 
confession ; protetisiou. 

Avowedlv, (a-vow'cd-U) ad, 
with frank acknowledg- 
ment; in an open manner. 

Avulsion, (a-vul'shun) n. act 
of tearinsr away; a rending 
or forcible separation. 

Avuncular, (a-vung'-ku-lar) 
(u pertaining to an uncle. 

Await, ^a-wat') r. t. expect ; 
to wait or look for ; to at- 
tend ; to be in store for. 

Awnitinjr, (n-wat'ing) ppr. 
expecting ; looking lor i 
ready for ;— p/>. await'ed. 

Awake, (a-wak') a. not «- 
sleep » vigilant ;— u. t. or i. 
[pret. awaked or awoke] to 
wake or rouse from sleep 
or a state of inaction ; to 
break from sleep ; to cense 
sleeping, or any state re- 
semuling sleep or inaction; 
— ppr. aw&k'ing, rousing. 

Awaken, (a-wak'n) r. t. or i, 
to rouse from sleep. 

Awakenins, (a-wak'en-ing) 
tt. the act of rousing; rous- 
ing up from sleep; a re- 
vival of religion. 

Award, (a-ward) v. t. to pro- 
nounce judgment upon i 
to assign by sentence ;— v. 


by Google 

After kissing comes more kind- 

After the hen drinks, it looks up 
to its God. — ^Arabic. 

After long experience of the 
world, I affirm, before God, I 
never knew a rogue who was 
not unhappy. — Junius. 




i. to determine ; to make 
an award ;— n. judgment ; 
Bcntenc* i determination ; 
th« decision of arbitrator!. 

Aware, (a-w&i^) a. not i^or> 
aiit of the fact { previouBlr 
apprised; wary ; mformed; 
cautious s viguaut. 

Away, (a-w&') cut. out of the 
way i absent ;— ex. begone. 

Awe, (nw) n. ororawittg in- 
fluence; veneration ; dread; 
—V. f. to strike with or in- 
fluence by fear, mingled 
with reverence; to control 
by inspiring dread. 

Awestruck, (aw'-stmk) a. 
struck or affected with 
awe; impressed with fear. 

Awful, (aw'ful) o. solemn t 
terrible ; dreadful ; rever- 
ential ;—<ut. aw'f ully. 

Awfulncss, (aw'ful -nes) n. 
fearf ulness ; in a way that 
strikes with awe or revei^ 
ence ; solemnity. 

Awhile,(a-whn') ac/.for aome 
timei for a short time. 

Awkward, (awk'ward) o. nn- 
skillful; clumsy ; ungainly ; 
inexpert; inelecanfi per- 
verse ; untoward. 

Awkwardly, (awk'ward- U) 
adv. in a clumsy or bung- 
ling mnnner ; brtdlv. 

Aw k wardn t%4, ( awk'ward- 
nC9) n. want of dexterity ; 
want of good manners. 

Awl. (awl) n. a choemaker's 
tool to pierce holas. 

B, the second letter, ani! the 
first consonant in the Eng- 
lish alphabet. It is mute 
and labial % B.C. b^re Ok. 

Oaa, (bi) v. t; to cry like a 
sheep )--fi. sheep's cry. 

Babble, (baM) v. i. to talk 
volubly or idly ; to tell se- 
crets ;— n. idle talk : sense- 
less prattle ;— m. babbler. 

Babe, (bab) baby, (Ufbi) n. 
an infant ; a young child. 

Baboon, (ba-boon'>ii. a lazge 
monkey with very btg bps. 

Babyhood, (bA'be-hud) n. the 
state of hein;c ^^ baby. 

Babyish, (h&'be-ish) a. like a 

Aw less, (aw^es) a. wanting 
respect ; Hot exciting awu. 

Awn, (on) ». a scale or tu«k; 
the beard of gram or grass. 

Awning, (awning) n. a cov- 
er spread over a boot, car- 
riage, or frame, to shelter 
from the sun's rays: cover- 
ingin general to keep off 
the Ireather. 

Awry, (a-tlO a. or ad. not in 
a rtraizht direction ; crook- 
ed ; oolique ; asquint; 

• wronff ; i>erversc ; uneven. 

Axe, ^aks) n. a sharp tool for 
cutting wood t tiXx—pL 
axes. — Ax to grind, {Ar^ 
one who supports some ftu 
Torite project ; who is un- 
usually friendly, and who 
affects generosity while he 
really acts from a selfish 
motive, is said to have an 
•* axe to grind." 

Axhcad, (aks'hed') n. head, 
or iron part of the ax. 

Axil, (aks'-ii; n. {mat.) the 
armpit;— (oof.) ancle form- 
ed by the union oi the up- 
ST surface of the leaf and 
stem, or by tba diverg- 
ence of a branch. 

Axillary, (aks'il.la4i^ a. of. 
or relatinjg to, the armpit ; 
arising from the axil of 
plants »— «. az'iilar. 

Axiom, (aks'yum) n. that 
wliich is token for granted 
as a basis of drmonstrn- 
tion ; a self*«vident truth ; 



babet childish ^ 
ism. babish'n«ss. 

Babylonian, (ba'bi-l6n'i-an) 

. n. an inhabitant of. or re- 
lating to, ancient Babylon. 

Bacchanal, (bak'kn-nnl) n. 
any person who indulges 
in drunken revels. 

Bacchanalian, (bak'ka-ni'< 
le - an ) a. revelling in 
drunkenness ; noisy. 

Bacchanals, (bAk'ka-nals}n. 
dmnken revellers. 

Bachelor, O»ch'el-or) n. an 
unmarried man ; one who 
takes his firct degree in 
any profession orcoU«g& 

an established principle in 
an art or science ; a famil- 
iar saying or adage. 

Axiomatic, (ak fei-o-mafik) 
o. pertaining to or like an 
axiom ; pe!f-evident ; true. 

Axis^(aks'is)N. the line, real 
cr imaginary, on which v. 
body revolves: tlie axle on 
which a wheel revolves ;— 
a. ax'inl i-)4>L ax.-s. 

Axle. (aks1) n. a cylinder 
which posses through the 
miiClo of a wheel and on 
which it rotntes ; exle-trec. 

Ay, Aye,(X) ad. yea; yes; in- 
deed i M. uycA, afflnnativeii 

Ayah, (iTva) n. a nntive Tn- 
dian waiting-mai J or nurbu 

Aye. {5k) ad. always ; ever. 

Azalea, (a-zi'le-o) n. a genus 
of floweriug plants which 
grow best in dry rround, 
allied to rhododrnaions. 

Azimuth, (a s'i-m nth) n. the 
arc of the horizon between 
the meridian of a yXaxta 
and a vertical circle pnti- 
lag through any celestial 
body ;— <i. asimuth'al. 

Azote, (a-z6t') n. uurc iiitrrv 

|;eu t a kind of gas that 
s destructive to animrl 
life ^>a. azot'ie, like azote 
Azure, (i'zhur, izhTur) a. 
blue; sky-colored ;—n. a 
light blue ; the sky. 
Azyme, (ii-zim) n. unleav- 
ened bread ;-«a. az'ynious, 
unleavaued, as tiiscnit. 

Bsfehelorship, (boch'cl-or^ 
ship) «. state of a bachel- 
or ; one who has taken his 
first degree in a college or 
university ; siugte lile. 

Back, (bak) n. the purt of 
thd human bodv behind; 
the upper part in beasts ; 
the rear;— a//. b'!ckward; 
— r. (. to mount a horse \ to 
support % to second. 

Backbite, (bak'bft) v. (. to 
r«>i1e an absent person; to 
talk behind one's back. 

Backbiter, (bak'blt-er) n. one 
who slanders the nhiwnt. 

Bnckbiting, (hak'hit-ing) n. 


by Google 

After mischance every one id 

wise. — French. 
After one that earns, comes one 

that wastes. — Danish. 

After praying to God not to le^d 
you into temptation, do not 
throw yourself into it. 

All clouds do not rain.— Dutch. 



Mcret calumny ; ilander- 
ine an atMcnt perton. 

Backbone, (bak'bon) n. the 
bone of the back ; the 
spine ; pluck ; steadiness. 

Backdoor, (bak'dOr) n. a 
door behind a house ; a 
private passage { a private 
or common eritranco. 

Backed, (bakt)j>p. mounted; 
supported ; seconded ;— a. 
having a back ;— ii. bock'cr 

Backgammon, ( bak - gam' - 
mun) n. a gome pluyed 
vith a box and dice. 

Backgiound, Hiak'grownd ) 
ft. ground behind : a place 
of obscurity or iiiding. 

Backhanded, (bak'hand-cd) 
a. with the hand turned 
backward j turned back ; 
indirect ; unfair ;— at/, the 
hand directed backward. 

Back-room, (bak'room) n. a 
room in the rear. 

shi'sh) n. a gift or present 
of money, in oriental coun- 
tries, or among the Arabs. 

Backside, (bnk-sid) n. the 
hinder part of an animal ; 
the back or hinder side or 
part of anything. 

Backslide. (bak-sfidO »• «• to 
fall away; to apostatize; to 
relapse; to renounce a pro- 
fession of religion. 

Backslider, (bak-slld'er) n. 
one who ftdls from tlie 
faith and practice of relig- 
ion i—ppr. backsliding. 

Backstairs, (bak'stirz) n. ph 
stairs in the back part of a 

* house ; private stairs. 

Backstays, (bak'staz) »i. pi. 
ropes or stays extending 
from the topmast heads to 
the sides of a ship, and 
slanting a little backward, 
to assist the shrouds in 
supporting the masts. 

Backsword, (bak'sord) n. a 
sword with a back or with 
onlv one edge ; a stick 
with a basket-handle. 

Backward, ^bak'ward) o. un- 
willing ( dull ; slow ; late; 
—ok/, towards the back or 
the past I on the back i 
towards a worse state. 

Backwardly, (bok'ward.Ii) 
ad. unwillingly ; slowly ; 
reluctantly ; perversely. 

Backwardnots, (bak'ward- 

nes) n. a want of will; dul- 
ness ; slowness ; state of 
being unwilliug,or dilatory 

Backwater, (bak'waw-ter) n. 
water thrown back by the 
tuminjg of a water-wheel, 
or held back by a dam. 

Backwoods, (bQK'woodz) n. 
pi. the new settlements on 
our western frontier; the 
forest, or remote outlying 
districts ;— n.t. bock'woods- 
man, back'settlcr. 

Bacon, (ba'kn) n. hog*s flesh 
salted or pickled and dried. 
— To »ave ona's b€u:oH, is to 
preserve one's self from 
ucing hurt— just escape. 

Baconian, (ba-ko'-ni-an) a. 

fertaining to Lord Bacon 
1531-Iti^), or to his system 
of pliilosophy. 

Bad, (bad) a. ill ; not good ; 
wicked i hurtful ; injuri- 
ous ; vicious ; vile. 

Bade, ( bad ) did bid ; past 
tense of Lid, whicii see. 

Badge, (baj^ n. a mark or 
token uf distinction; a me- 
morial ;— I', t. to mark or 
distinguiiih, as with a badge 

Badger, (bnj'er) n. a wild 
quadruped allied to tlie 
bear, but much smaller ;— 
V. t. to teaze ; to worry ; to 
onnoy ; to persecute. 

Badinage, (bad'in-azh) n. 
playful talk ; jesting or 
light raillery ; banter. 

Bally, (bad'li) adv. in a bad 
m mner ; liot well ; ill. 

Badness, ( bad'nes ) n. want 
of good qualities, either 
natural or moral: depravity 

Baffle, (hai'fl) v. t. to elude 
by artifice; to frustrate ; to 
play tlve fool with ; to cou- 
louud ; to make ineffec- 
tual ;—/)., a. baffling i—pp. 
baffled ;— n. baffler. 

Bag, (bag) n. a sack ; pouch ; 
purse ; an udder ;— y. t. to 
put into a bag;— v. t. to 
swell like a bag ; to steal. 

Baeatclle, (bsg-a-tcIO n. a 
tniiig of no importance ; a 
trifle ; a game played on a 
board having at one end 
nine holes into which balls 
are to be struck with a red. 

Baggage, (bag'aj) n. furni- 
ture and utensils of an 
*rmy ; clothing ; trunks, 
etc., carried by or for a 

traveller; luggage; a worth- 
less or saucy woman. 

Bagging, (bag'ini;) n. cloth 
for bags ;— a. hanging aa a 
bag ; baggy, or loose. 

Bagnio, (Dan'yo) n. an in- 
cTosure for sliives ; a batli- 
ing house ; a brothel. 

Bagpipe, (bag'pip) «. a mu- 
sical wind instrument, 
consisting of a leathei u bag 
for a bellows, and pines. 

Bail, (bal) n. a surety lor an- 
other's appearance ; the 
security given ; a handle ; 
— r, L to give security or 
bail for another; to set I'rcc 
on security j to lade water 
with a bucket, &c. 

Bailable, (bal'a-bl) a. admit- 
ting oi bail on security. 

Bailbond, (bal'bond) n. a 
bond given by a prisoner 
and his surety. 

Bailed, (bald) pp. released 
from custody, on security. 

Bailee, (bal-e) ». one to wliom 
goods are delivered in 
trust upon a contract. 

Bailiff, (burif) it. an execu- 
tive ofilecr who serves 
writs; a subordinate officer 

Bailiwick, (bari-wik) n. the 
jurisdiction of a ImilifT. 

Bailment, (bul'ment) n. de- 
livery of goods in trust. 

Bairn, (barn) n. a child. 

Bait, (but) V. /. or«. to puton 
a bait ; to give or take re- 
freshment; generally ai>- 
plied to tiint given to 
horses ; to set dogs upon ; 
to attncSc; to harass ; — n.. 
refrcshnient ; a lure for ' 
flshcs 5 any allurement. 

Bai ze, ( buz) n. a coarse wool- 
len Btufi .with a long lyip. 

Bake, (bak) i*. t. or i. to di 
harden or cook by t. . 
heat of the sun or of fire ; 


to prepare food in an oven; 
to work as a baker. 

Baker, (bak'er) n. a man 
whose trade is to bake. 

Bakery, ( bak'er- i) n. a place 
for baking bread, etc. 

Baking, (bak'ing) n. drying 
or baking douzh, or knead- 
ed flour, by Iieat ; quan- 
tity lucked at one time. 

Balance, (bal'ans^ n. a pair 
of scales ; the difference of 
accounts ; surplus weight ; 
equipoise ; equality of 


by Google 

Alter the sour comes the sweet 

— Dutch. 
After the work is done, repose b 


As he that has two strings to his 
bow. — Butler's Hudibras. 

Art may err, but nature cannot 
miss. — Dryden. 



weight, power or influ- 
ence ; act of weighing two 
things, either materially or 
menUlIy ; wheel in a watch 
which regulates the beats, 
and produces equable mo- 
tion ^-t'. t. to make equal ; 
tu settle ; to adjust ; coun- 
terpoise; counterbalance. 

Balance-sheet, (baran&-sh£t) 
n. a sheet of paper show- 
ing a summarv and bal- 
ance of accounts. 

Balcony, (bal-k6'ni ) n. a gal- 
lery before a house ; frame 
before the window of a 
room ; the g^ilery outside 
the stern of a large vessel. 

Bald, (bawld) a. without 
hair on the head ; without 
natural covering ; naked ; 
inelegant ; unadorned ; — 
n. bald'ness ;— orf. baldly. 

Balderdash, (bawl'der-dash) 
n. idle, senseless talk ; lax 
and mixed language t any- 
thing jumbled together 
without judgment. 

Baldpate, (bawld'pfit) n. a 

Sate or head destituta of 
air ;— a. bald'paf ed. 

Baldric, (bawld'nk) n. a gU^ 
die ; a belt i war girdle. 

Bale, (bal) n. a package of 
goods ; misery ; woe ; mis- 
chief ; poison i—v. t. to 
make up into bales ;-:|>pr. 
baring ;-m>. baled*. 

Bale-fire, (baVflr) n. a signal 
fire on a mountain top. 

Baleful, (bal-fuJ) a. woful j 
sorrowful; sad; pernicious. 

Balk, (bawk) n. a ridge of 
land left un plowed be- 
tween furrows j a check or 
4i>appointment : anything 
passed over or unaccom- 

Sished t foiiure ;— r. t. to 
sappoint ; to frustrate; to 
pass overt to leave un- 
touched ; to heap (as on a 
Tidgc) ; to stop and refuse 
to go on. as a balky hone. 

Ball, (bawl) n. any round 
body } a gloT>e ; a ball for 
plav, either with Uie hand 

-or foot, or with a racbet ex 
club ; a bullet ; the round- 
ed ^e ; a public dance ; 
—V. 1. to form into a ball. 

Ballad, (ballad) n. a short 
narrative poeni t a popular 
■ong ; a dance song. 

Ballast, (ballast) n. weight 

placed in the hold to steady 
a ship; the sand or gravel 
laid as a packing between 
railway ncepers to give 
them HoUdity ; that which 
renders anything steady; 
—Jiq' mental or moral equi- 
librium;— v. t. to locui with 
ballast; to make or keep 
steady i—ppr. bariasting. 

Ballet, (bal-U)n. a theatr^al 
scene acted in dancing ; a 
kind of dramatic poem. 

Bull-flower, (oawl'flow-er) n. 
an ornament of the deco- 
rated style of Gothic archi- 
tecture, resembling a ball 
placed m a circular flower. 

Balloon, rbal-loon')nui large 
spherical beg 
made of silk or 
other light map. 
terial, which be-' 
inginflated with 

gs lighter tlum 
e atmosphere,^ 
floats in the air. 

Ballot, (ballot) n. the mode 
of taking votes for mem- 
bers of legislative and eor- 
Krate bodies, ftc. ; a little 
11 or ticket used in vot- 
ing t a folded election tick- 
et on which the names of 
candidates running for of- 
flce are printed, and which 
is handed by the voter to 
the inspectors of electton, 
and by the latter dropped 
Into the ballot-box ^-v. t. 
to vote by ballot;— ppr. 
and n. ball'oting ;— pp. 
ball'oted 4 voted for. 

Balk>t-box, ( bal'tot-boks) a. 
a box for receiving the bal- 
lot tickets of voters. 

Balm, (bdm) n. an odorifer- 
ous sap, or juice ; a fra- 
grant herbaceous plant,tfae 
stems and leaves of which 
are used in medicine ; an 
ointment t anything that 
heals or soothes pain. 

Balmy, ( bim'i ) a. sweet ; 
fragrant ; aromatic ; soft ; 
mitigating ; soothing. 

Bilsam, (bawl'sam) n. a res- 
inous, oily substance flow- 
ing from certain trees i a 
soothing ointment ; the 
common niuac of an order 
of succulent herbaceous 

Slants, to w|iich the gar* 
en balsam belongs. 

Balsamic, (bal-sam'ik) tu 
healing ; sef t ; unctuous ; 
mitigaBng ; balmy. 

Baluster, (bal'us-ter) n- a 
small pillar, or column, 
used as a support to tiie 
rail of a staircase, etc. 

Balustrade, (bal'us-trid) n. a 
row of balusters joined by 
a rail, serving as en en- 
closure for staircases, ftc. 

Bamboo, (bam-booO n. a ge- 
nus of tropical grasses, 
with hollow, jointed, 
straight steins, and a hard 
woody texture ; a reed. 

Bamboozle, (bam-bOd'zl) v. 
t. to impose upon ; to triek 
(a iow word). 

Ban, (ban) n. a public no- 
tice ; interdictioii ; curse. 

Banana, (ba-ni'na) n. a trop- 
ical species of plantain- 
tree with broad curved 
leaves, remarkable for its 
nutritious food. 

Band, ( band ) n. anything 
that binds ; a company i^ a 
fillet i-v. t. to unite to- 
gether ;— V. t. to associate. 

Bandage, (band'dj) n. that 
which is bound over any- 
thing; a strip of cloth used 
to bind up a wound, Ac. ; 
- V. t. to bind with a 
bandage ; — ppr. band'ig- 
ing ;—;»<». band'iged. 

Bauduna, (>)aii -dan'a) n. a 
kind otfs. handkerchief, 
or a style of calico print- 
ing, in which white or 
brightly coloi-ed spots are 

Sroduced upon a red or 
ark-colored ground. 

Bandbox, (band'boks) n. a 
light paper box for hold- 
ing bonnets, caps. ftc. 

Bandeau, (ban'do) n«a fiUet; 
a lady's head-drcks. 

Banded, (band'ed);io. bonnd 
with a bsnd ; associated or 
leogued toffcther. 

Bandelet, (band'e-let) n. a 
little hand : a small flat 
moulding or fillet sur- 
rounding a column. 


by Google 

K man must either imitate the 
vicious or hate them. — Mon- 

Delays are dangerous. 

And the gray mare will proTe tht 

better horse. — Prior. 
A hit, a very palpable hit.— 





Bandit, (ban'dit) n. aa out* 
law ; a robber i—pL Baa- 
diu or Banditti. 

Bandog, (ban'dog) n. a flerct 
doe kept bound or chained 

Bandoleer, (ban-d&-14r'> n. 
a leathern belt over the 
•boulder to sustain the car- 
tridge-box lehntirefor sgan 

Bandrul, (band'rdl) a. a luiall 
banner or streamer. 

Bandy, (lian'di) a. a einb 
fomtriking a ball atplair; 

Kme il»elf ;— ». t. or i. to 
at about as with a boudy ; 
to debate ; —ppr. bondy'- 
ing ;— mK banriied, toesed 
to and ZFO, as i^ords in dis> 
pu tationf , or as epithets. 

Bandy kg, (ban'de-ieg) n. a 
crooked lee;— a. Mn'dy- 
legged*. deiomMd. 

Bans, (ban) n. that which 
dcMtroys i deadly poison i 
miiichief : ruin. 

Baneful, (b&n'f ul) a. poison • 
ous ; pernicious i oestruc- 
tive x—ad. bane'fully. 

Banz, (bang) v. 1. to b«at < to 
fttrike violently ; — a. a 
heavy blow ; the sound of 
such; au intoxicating mix- 
ture of opium, hemp-lcares 
and tobacco, chewed and 
smpked by the Malayaand 
other people in the East ; 
kIro spelt baitgue. 

Banbh, (ban'ish) v. i. to ex- 
pel or drive from one's 
country ; to exile, or drive 
awav i—jmr. banish'ing ;— 
pa, Danislied', exiled. 

Banishment, (ban'ish-ment) 
n. expulsion from a per- 
son's native country or 
home : exile ; riddance. 

Banjo, (ban' jo) n. a five 
stringed instrument 

Bank,(b«nKk) n. a mound, 
pile, or lidge of earth; side 
of a stream or river; rising 
ground in 4he sea ; |)lace 
I where money is deposited; 
a company of persons con- 
cemc<I in a bank, or the 
I builiUiig used by them ;— 
V. t. to raise a bank ; to de- 
posit in a bonk, as money. 

Banked, (bongt) pa* raised 
in a mound of earth ; en- 
closed with A bank. 

Bankable, (bangk'a-bl)a. ac- 
ceptable to a bauk,aa icood 
rnmmorcial paper ornoteti. 

Bank-bill. Bank-note, 
(tMuigk'bil, bangk'nM) a. a 
promissory note issued by 
a banking company, uay- 
able oh demand ; a lull of 
excbviga i paper money; 

Bank-book, rbangk'tMtok) ». 
a book for lauik accounts. 

Banker, (bangk'er) n. one 
who dcab m money, or 
discounts notes t one who 

keeps a bank t eapitaUat 

Banking, (bangk'ins) M. th_ 

business of a banker; — a. 

perUuning to a bank ; rais- 
ing a mound or bank of 
earth, *e t pert to money. 

Bankrupt, ( baagk'rupt ) n. 
an insolvent i one who 
cannot pay his debts ;—a. 
poor t nnable to pav just 
debts ;— V. (. to render un- 
able to pay dcbta; exhaust. 

Bankruptcy, (bangk'rupt-sl) 
n. state of a bankrupt ; 
failure in trade; inabiuty 
to pay all debts. 

Bank-stock, (bangk'ktok) n. 
share or shares lu the cap- 
ital stock of a bank. 

Banner, (ban'nfr) i>. a flag 
or ensign ; a military sign 
or standard for troops to 
rally round; a mark or sign 
to distinguish particuhu: 
societies or professions. 

Banuerrd. (ban'ucrd) pp. or 
a. fnmisned witn oan- 
ncrs :— a. ban'nerless. 

Banneret (ban'ner-et) n. a 
little banner ; a flag borne 
by a knight of feudal 
times »^N. ban'neroL 

Bannock, (ban'nok) ». • 
cake made of oatmeal. 

Banns, (baiKz) m. pi. public 
notice of an intended mar- 
riage : a word often used 
for the marriage itself. 

Banquet (bang^wet> n. a 
sumptuous feast or enter- 
tainment ; anytliing^ de- 
lightful ;— V. t. to give a 
feast ;— 1>. i. to fare sump- 
tuously or daintilv. 

Banqueted, (baag'kwet-ed) 
pp. sumptuously and rich- 
ly entertained, or feosted. 

Banquet-house, (bangk'wet- 
hows) Banqueting-house, 
(bangk'-wet-ing now8)n. 
a house where banquets 
are hcldi hospitable abode. 


ppr. feasting; — n. act of 
feasting t—a. fcai*tiiiK. 

Banfhee, (ban'shee) n. an 
imaginary being among 
thf Irbh and Scotch High- 
lander* that warns of dan- 
ger by a ukoumf ul chant. 

Bantam, (ban'tam) ». or a. 
small variety of fowl. 

Banter, (ban'ter) v. t. to run 
upon; to rally; to ridicule ; 
to Joke ; to ehcUengc to a 
nmtch ; to provoke to a 
wager (^M.);—/t raillery. 

Bantling, (bunt iing) n. a 
child in swaddling clothes, 
so called from the bands 
in which it is wrapped ; a 
pet child or crotchet. 

Banyan, (ban'yan) n. the 
Indian fig tree, whose 
branches send down shoott 
which form stems and 
spread over a large area. 

Baptism, (bap'tizm) a. one 
of the Christian saera- 
nwnta ; immersion in or 
sprinkling with water. 

Baptist, ( baptist) a. one w ho 
approve* only td cdult 
baptisra by immersion ;— 
a. baptis'tie, baptis'mal. 

Baptistery, (bap-tis'ter-i) n. 
a place for baptizing. 

Baptize, (bcp4ix')v. I. toad- 
minister baptism to t to 
christen i— a. baptized'. 

Bar. (bar) n. a bolt ; atop; in- 
closure in an inn or court- 
room ; division in mutic i 
bruik of sand in a river ; 
body of lawyers \ any tri- 
buuol ; a horizontal mark 
across an escutcheon ;— r. 
/. to hinder or obstruct ; to 
fasten with a bar t to sliut 
out or except »— a. horrod' 

Barb, (birb) n. a beard; that 
which resembles a beard ; 
tlie beard-like jag near the 
point of an arrow, fish- 
nook, &c. ; horse-bit or ar- 
mor ; a Barbary horse \—r. 
i. to ami with uarbs, as an 
arrow, Itc. ; pare cloae to 
tlie surface ^.Karl>eU, keen 

Barbican (barlii-kan) 
outward fortification ; a 
watch-tower ; embrasor* ; 
fence before a bridge. 

Barbarian, ( bdr-bi'rtan) n. 
a brutal monstar; 
ler; uncivilized t 

a savage; a brutal monstar; 
a for«lgn( 

pagan 1 

1)— a. savagt. 


by Google 

A little more than kin, and less 
than^ kind. — Shakespeare. 

And thereby hangs a tale. — 

A little nonsense now and then is 
relished by the best of men.— 

All doors are open to courtesy. 




Barbaric, ( b4r • iMr ' ik ) a. 
ir\ide; uociviiized; without 
rclineiii«at i tMv»pm. 

Barbansia, (bar'Uuvizm) n. 
MVMgeueu i waut of cul- 
ture: rudeaettof maunent; 
cruelty ; inhuinanil^y i an 
iacoiTect or vulvar lorin of 
■peecli : ignorauue of art4^ 
want of learning. 

Barbarity, (bar-bar' i-tit u. a 
lavage state t cruelty t lu- 
kuni;inity ; incivility . 

BarburouK, (bar-biKus) a. 
rude ; ignorant i inhuman: 
brutal; lerociuiut cruel { 
nnciviiizcd ; far-fetched : 
goTgeoiii;—ad. bar'burouit- 
ly i—ii. barbarou«'ne«s. 

Buibecuc, (bar'be-ku) n. a 
hog, ux, &c., roaated whole; 
—V. t. to drcM and roast 
whole; to have a fCMt to 
tliat end ; a. bar'becued. 

Barbed. (barbd) a. bearded; 
armed ; jagged ¥rith hooks 
or points ; n. bar^beit a ttslb 

Barber, (barber) n. one who 
shaves or dresses hair. 

Barberry, (bar'bor-ri) n. a 
thorny shrub, bearing red 
berries, common m hudges 

Bard, (bard) n. a poet ; one 
who poetised and sang ex- 
tempore or from memory 
in old times ; British poet. 

Bardic, (bard'ik) a. pertain- 
ing to bards or their poetry 

Bare, (b&r) a. witltout cover- 
ing: naked; with head un- 
covered: plain; poor;— p. t. 
to mske naked; to lay 
open;— ppr. btr'ing i'-jip. 
bared' J--<i. expoaea. 

Barefaced, (b&r 'fist) a. 
shameless : impudent. 

Barefoot, (btrfoot) a. with 

' the feet bare , ■hocleas. 

Barely, (b&r'li) adv. naked- 
ly; poorly ; merely i only i 
scarcely f slenderqr. 

Bareness, f bir'nes ) a. na- 
kedness: leanness; poverty 

Bargain, (bar'gin) n. agree- 
ment : a contract i stipula- 
tion ( the thing bought or 
sold ; a proAtaole tranaac- 
tiou ;— f. I. to make a con- 
tract or agreement ; — n. 
bargain 'er \—ppr. bar^gaia- 
ing ;— /I*, bar'gained. 

Barge, (barj) n. a flat-bot- 
tomad boat used in the un- 
loading of laiye Tcsads ; • 

large freight boat which is 
towed bv a steamboat or 
tug ; a pleasure boat. 

Bargeman, (tkiri'maii) n. the 
manager of a barge. 

Banlla, (ba-nl'la) n. an im- 
pure oarbooate of soda 
procured from salt-water 
plants, used for making 
soap, glass, ftc.t the pUnt 

Barium, (ba-n-um) n. metal, 
metallic base of barj'ta. 

Bark, ( bark) u. the outer rind 
of a tree : noise made by 
the do^. wolf. ftc. ;— <•. i. 
to cry like a dog ;— r. t. to 
strip the bark from trees ; 
to cover with bark ; in- 
crust ;— )>j>r. bark'ingi— 
pit. barked' :— m. a small 
snip, also spelled barque.— 
(Jim.) Bark vu the wrong 
tree^ to mistake one's ob- 
ject ; to pursue the wrong 
course to obtain it ; to at- 
tack or try to circumvent 
the wrong man .and fail, 

Bark-bound,( bark'bownd) a. 
bound or compressed by 
the bark, so as to t>c hin- 
dered in growing, as trees. 

Barley, (bar'II; n. gram that 
malt is made of. 

Barleycorn, (bar'll-korn) h. 
a grain of barley ; tliird 
part of an inch. 

». a decoction of barley. 

Banii, (barm) m. yeokt : the 
scuin of fermenting li- 
quun, used a:i leaven :— /(. 
barnry, like barm or yea:>t. 

Barmecide, (bar-nie-sld) u. 
imagin ury or p.-eteuded 
(from a story in the Am- 
bian Nights relating to the 
Barmecide family, princes 
in Bazdad). 

Bam, (Dim) n. a building in 
which grain, hay andotiier 
farm produce am stored 
awar i • cold place. 

Barnacle. (bAr-na-kl) m. a 
shell-flsh. often found on 
the bottoms and sides of 
ships, logs of wood, tec. 

Barnacles, (bir'na-kla) x. 
irons on horses* noses :-> 
Jig. hangers on, or abuses 
in, the body-politic, or in 
society, endangering the 
** ship-of-state,*'orthc pub- 
He good t political drones. 

Bam-yard, (bAra'-yArd) n. a 

yard about a barn ;— a. liv- 

mg iu the yard, as fowls. 
Barometer, (ba-rom'e-ter) n. 

an instrument 

to measure the 

weight or pres- 
sure of the at- 
mosphere and 

to indicate the 


changea of 

weather ; a 

weather glass. 


nk-ol ) a. relating to tlie 

barometer or air pressure. 
Baron, (bar'un) ». rank of 

nobihty next to a viscount: 

a title of certain jud;:e«, 

Ac. i—fem. bsu^oness ; — «. 

baro'nial ;— ». bar'oiiy. 
B.iruuage, (bar'un-ij) n. the 

body of barons; the dii;- 

nity or estate of a baron. 
Baronet, (bar'o-nct) n. the 

title below a baron. 
Baronetcy, (,bar'o-net-si) n. 

the rank ot a tmronet. 
Baniscopc. (bar'o-sk6p) 

instrument to show tiiv 

weight of tlie atmo*phere. 
Barouche, (^ba-ruosh ) u. a 

four-wheeled carriage with 

a falling top. 
Bar-post, (bar'pdst)n. a potit 

sunk in the gt>und. 
Barracan, (bar'-a-kau) a. a 

thick, strong stuff resent- 

bluiK camlet. 
Barrack. (baKak) ». buiW- 

iiigs to lodse snhlierrf c - 

Eeciaity in garruiou :— i>/. 
arracks , a square build- 
ing, with a thatched o 
shingle roof that vlidr:. 
up and down on the coi- 
ner po»ts. which IS used b< 
many farmers to stote bi 
shelter hay, straw, &c. 

Barracoon, (bar'-a-koou) m. a 
depot for slaves in Africa. 

Barrator, 'baKa-ter) i». one 
who excites law-suits ; s 
fraudulent ship-master. 

Barrel, (bar'el) a. a round 
wooden cask made of barf 
or staves, and secured by 
hoops I anything long and 
hollow ; a cylinder ;— r. t. 
to put in a harrel i — wr. 
bar'relling;— /i;*. bai^rciled: 
—a. having a tube. 

Barrel-organ, (bar'el-or^gan) 


by Google 

Angel's visits, few and far be- 
tween.— Campbell. 

V thing of beauty is a joy for- 
ever. — Keats. 

A bad compromise is better than 

a good lawsuit. 
A bad peace is better than a 

good quarrel. 




n. an organ in which the 
mu»ic i« produced by a 
barrel or cylinder set witli 
pint, and revolving. 

Barren, (bar'en) a. incapable 
of bearing oKtpnng: scan- 
ty; unmeaning; unproduc- 
tive ; sterile ; unmvcntive ; 
dull ;— n. bar'renness. 

Barrens, (bar'ens) elevated 
plain:! bearing principally 
email pine trcex. 

Barricade, (bare-kid) n. a 
temporary fortification ; a 
bar;— r. t. to fasten; to for- 
tify ; to obstruct 

Barrier, (bar'c-er) ». a de- 
fence Rgainst attack ; ob- 
struction ; a boundary. 

Barrister, ( bar'u-ter) w. n 
person qualified to T^tad 
causes by being called to 
the bar : n counbcllor. 

Barrow, ^b»r'o)»i. any kind 
of carriage moved ny the 
hand s a vehicle tntli one 
vrhccl to convey loads ; a 
hog (not a aow or boar) ; a 
mound o%-er the dead. 

3ar-sliot, ( bar'fhot ) m. tvro 
balls joined by a bar for 
uavul coiutMU. 

Barter, (bii'ter) v. t. to give 
in cxcnangc for something 
else ; — v. i. to traffic or 
trade by exchanging one 
thing l(ir anotlier, as ou- 
posed to buying und tell- 
ing for money ; — n. ex- 
change of commodities. 

Bartering, (bar'ter-inu) ppr. 
trading bv exchange. 

Barterer, (baKter-e:) n. one 
vho trades by exchange. 

Baryta, (ba-ri'ta) n. the heav- 
iest of the earths: barytia. 

Barytone, (bar'i-ton) w. a 
male voic<>, the cumpaM rf 
'Which lies between the 
bass and tenor ; a deep 
sound { a Greek verb on 
which the grave Kccent is 
understood ;— a. denoting 
a grave sound. 

Basalt, (ba-zawlf) n. a dark 
stone of igneous origin. 

Basaltic. (ba-tawiriK)a. pti^ 
taining to basalt, 

Base, (b&s) n. foondationi 
bottom I support i th« chief 

ingredient of a substance ; 
a part in music ;— a. mean, 
vile, wortliless ; — P. t. to 
found, set,«tah1ish;— /Jipr. 
b&s'ing i—pP' b&scd'. 

Base-baU, (ba£-boi) ». a game 
et ball I a field sport 

BaMC-bom, (bas'born) a. ille- 

Eitimatc ; that which u 
om out of wedlock. 

Baselens, ^bus'lcs) a. without 
foundation ; chimerical. 

Basement, (bAs'mcnt) n. the 
ground noor. or iowckt 
part of a building. 

Baseness, (bas'iics) n. mean- 
ness t vilcness ; luwnciiii ; 
worthlesene^s ',—a. basu'ly. 

Baseviul, (bas'vi-i.I) n. a 
stringed instrument for 
playing the basii ill music. 

Bashaw, (L>a-6ha') n. a Turk- 
iih viceroy, or dignitary ; 
a nroud, tyrannical person. 

Bashful, (bash'ful) a. want- 
ing confidence i sliamc- 
f.aced ; sheepish ; modest ; 
shy ',-^d. bdsh'f uUy. 

Bashlulucss, (bash'iul-ncf) 
M. cxtrema modesty ; diffi- 
dence t shainefaccdncss. 

Ba&ic, (bds'ik) a. nerforming 
the olAee of abasewhicit 
unites with ccids to form a 
chemical salt .—a. ba'saL 

Basil, (ba;:'ii)n. the sloping 
of a chisel's edge ; the 
tanned skin of a bheep ; 
an aromatic plant;— c. t. to 
grind a tool to en angle. 

Basilica, (ba-zil'i-kc) h. a 
hail or court cf ju;>ticc j a 
large church. 

Bosilicon, (ba-zil'i-kun) n. n 
kind ol salve, or ointment. 

Basilisk, (baz'il-ixk) n. a 
cockatrice, having deadly 
power in the eye ;— in ZoiA- 
ogv, a genus of lizard». 

Basin, (ba'sn) n. a rmall vei<!- 
sel or dish ; a bay, pond, 
dock ; any deprestiion or 
concavity for water ; area 
draiueluy a river; depres- 
sion formed, dipping iii- 
wanla'i ncoa I basin ;'- 
sined. enclosed in a basin. 

Baa-relief, (bas're-lef) n. low 
relief t sculpture whotc 
figures do not stand out 
far from the ground on 
which they are formed. 

Basis, (bft'sis) n. foundation; 
support \—pL basea. 

Bask, (bask) v. i. to lie ex- 
posed tu the heat; to warm 

Basked, (baskt) ;>/>. exposed 
to warmth or genial heat ; 
'-rtpr. basking. 

Basket, (basket) m. a domes- 
tic vessel made of pHant 
material, as twigs, rushes. 
&c., interwoven. 

Bass, (bis) n. a fi^h; n specie* 
of tree ;— m Uuxic, tJie base, 
or lowcHt part of a tune. 

Cat ( bns ) n. hassock or 
mats made of bark. 

Baosoou, (bak.«66n)n. a mu- 
sical wind instrument ol a 
bass or very low tone. 

Bastard, (bas'tcrd)M. a spu- 
rious cliiid or thing: a child 
born out of wedlock. 

Bttbtardize. (bast'cr-diz) v. t. 
to determine one a bastard 

Bastardy, (bas'tcr-dc) n. a 
spurious Of unlawful birth 

Baste, (babt) v. t. to beat ; to 
sew slightly i to drip fat^ 
etc., on roasting meat 

Bastod, (basted) pp. beat 
with a stick ; moistened 
with fat or gravy ; sewed 
ill wide stitches, prepara- 
tory to careful sewing. 

Bastile, (baMOl*) n. an old 
castle in Paris, used as a 
prison, now demolished. 

Bastinado, ( bRs-ti-ni'do) m. 
a beating with a cudgel : 
beating the soles of the 
feet ;— f. t. to beat with a 
stick or cudgel. 

BasUng. (bast'ing) n. a beat- 
mjr t moistening with fat ; 
sewing with long i titcheju 

Cnslion, (bas'yun) v. a mass 
vf earth or masonry stand- 
uig out from a rampart. 

Bat (bat) n. a sMck i a stick 
used to strike the ball in 
the game of cricket ; an 
animal, having the body 
of a mouse, bufwith wings 
attached to the fore feet 

Bate, (bat) v. t. cr t. to Uke 
less ; abate ; sink : cut off. ' 

Batch, (batsb) n. the quan- 


by Google 

A bad tree does not yield good 

A bad workman always com- 
plains of his tools. 

A barking dog does not bite.-^ 

A bird in the hand is worth two 

in the bush. 




tity of bremd baked, or of 
•nythins made, at one time 

Dateau. (un-tO) n. a lung 
boat broad lu the middle. 

Uath, (bath) u. a place to 
bathe in; immersion of the 
body in wntcr ; hot nnd. 

Bathe, (bulh) v. t. to wash in 
voter ; to soak ; to soften ; 
—V. i. to be nnmcrsed in a 
bath:— ». hkih' en-ppr. and 
n. bath'm;; ;—;>;*• bathed'. 

Dathofl. (ba'thcs) ii. a ludi- 
crous extrarazance of hn- 
f'liagc; proinj: from theaub- 
nue to the ridiculous. 

Baton, (ba-ton^r') n. a stafT ; 
a club ; a stick to carry a 
load on : a bndgc of office. 

Battalia, (bat-til'ya) »i. order 
of battle; on army in array 

Battalion, (bat-tal'yun) n. a 
division of an army ; a 
body of foot soldiers, from 
200 to SOO men. 

Batten, (bat'n) v. ^ or f. to 
become fat; totbrive:— ».a 
narrow^ piece of scantling : 
—V. t. to form or fasten 
with battens ;-j)p. battened' 

Batter, (bat'ter) v. t. to bruise; 
to inpair ; to bent down 
with successive blows ;— 
ppr. baftering ; —;;;). bat'- 
tcrcd V— H. a mixture of 
flour, water, eggs, &c. 

Batter-cake, (bat'tcr-kak) n. 
a cake of Indian meal, 
with butter-milk or cream. 

Battering-ram, (bat'ter -ing- 
ram) m. an ancient engine 
for beating down walU. 

BattcjT^, (baVter-rc) ». act of 
bittering j line of can- 
non ; a parapet : a vat ; a 
Knc of electric jam. 

Batting, (bat'tinc) a. cotton 
or w«»ol in sheets, ««ed lor 
P-iddin; quiltK, coats, &c. 

Battle, (bafl) n. a combat ; 
engagement between arm- 
ies ; a fight ; an encounter; 
— r. /. to dispute ; to con- 
tend in fight ;—ppr. and n. 
battling i—pp. battled, 

Dattle-arrftT, (bat'I-ar-rt*) n. 
ortler of battle. 

Battleazc, (bat'l-ak») n. an 
ancient war weapon. 

Battledoor. (bat'l-dr)r) n. an 
instrument to strike ahut- 
tlerocks t « toy. 

Battlement. (bat1-ment) n. a 
wall indented with em- 

Imwores on the tops of 
buildings i roof parapet 

Batrachian, (ba-tra'ki-an) a. 
pertaining to animali of 
the frog tribe v—h. reptile. 

Bawhie. (baw'bl) n. a gew- 
gaw ; trifle ; trifling thmc:. 

B:iwd. (bawd) ii. one who 
keeps a bn>thcl ; a pimp. 

Bawdincss, ( bawd'i-ncs) n. 
obscenity ; lewdness. 

Bawdy, (bawdc) «. filth v « 
ohsccno ; unchaste ; foul. 

Bawl, (b-.wl) r. i. or t. to 
speak very loud ; to pro- 
claim ; to cry aloud i—ppr, 
baw'ling ;— /v- bawled'. 

Bay, (ba) r. t. to bark as a 
dog ; —ppr. bavmg ; — ;^p. 
bay'e<l ; — a. brown, in- 
clinin? to chestnut;— ji. an 
arm of the sea ; an inclos- 
u re in a bam or house; 
state of being hemmed in 
orhrought tobat/; to watch, 
or keep at bay. 

Bay, (ba) fi. a species of laurel 
tree : an honorary garland 
or crown, formerly made 
of laurel branches t—p/. 
bays, a prize, an honor. 

Bayard, (b&'ard) n. a bay 
horse % an elegant beau or 
man of fashion. 

Bay berry, (ba'be-rc) n. fruit 
of the bar or laurel tree ; a 
shrub with oily berrien. 

Bayed, (bAd ) a. having bays, 
a'd a building: b»rkcdnt,ns 
a ttofj barking at the vioon. 

Bayonet, (b&'on-et) m. n dag- 
ecr fixed to a musket ;— e'. 
t. to stab with n bayonet; 
— ppr. hiivonet'ing ; —pp. 
buy'oneted'. thrust. 

Bayou, (ba'yd) n. outlet of a 
lake ; a channel for water. 

Bay-rum, (b&'rum) u. a spirit 
made by distilling leaves 
of the bay-tree. 

BavsaU, (M'sawit) n. salt 
formed by evaporation 
from sea or salt water. 

Bay-window, (b&'win-dd) it. 
a curved projecting win- 

dow, forming a bay or 
space within the room. 

Bazaar, (iM-zar') m. a mar- 
ket-place or spacious hull 
for tiie sale of goods, etc. 

BdclUum, (d«ry-um)N. a res- 
inous }uice I a prcciou.s 
stone named in the Bible. 

Be, (be) v. i. and auxiliarp, 
to eztft, or have a certain 
state or quality;— 7>r. (. am; 
—pret. was t also, a prefix. 

Beach, (b<ch)v., n.a sandy 
shore of the sea ; strand. 

Beached, (bcacht) a. exposed 
to the waves : stranded. 

Beachy, (bech'e) a. having 
a beach: a damaged vescel. 

Beacon, (bc'kn) n. a fiery 
signal; a light to direct sea- 
men ; anything that warns 
of danger ; a guide. 

Bead, (bed) ti.uhtltc globule 
strung on tliread for neck- 
laces; a round moulding.— 
To draw a bead, in west- 
ern parlance, is to fire as 
soon e« the eve is on a 
level with the front sicht, 
which resembles a beauT. 

Beadle, (be'dl) «. a crier of a 
court who cites persons to 
appear and answc.*-. 

Beadroll, (bid'rdl) it. a listof 
persons t»> be preyed for, 
peculiar to Roman Cath. ; 
a roll or list of the dead. 

Beadsman, ( bedz'inan ) n. 
one who prays for others. 

Beagle, (bc'Erl) n. a amall 
hound for hunting. 

Beak,(bek) n. the bill of a 
bird I anything ending in 
n peak or point;— a.benked' 

Beaker, (bek'er) ii. a drink- 
ing cu p or glass ; a fla;{on. 

Beam, (Iiem) n. a main tim- 
ber of a building ; part of 
a balance: ray of light;— 
i;. I. or t. to om?t rays or 
f liKhJ • • 
rt. be: „ . , 
ocamed'; — a. beam'y.shiU' 
in?, radiant ; hcem'less, 
without l>eams, dark. 

Bean, (bcn^ h. the name of 
several kinds of pulse and 
their seeds i an esculent. 

Bear, (b&r) r. t. {preL bore ; 
Pl>. bom] to bring fortli, as 
voung ',—v. t. or i. ( pret. 
bore I pp. borne] to carry ; 
to endure ; to be patient ; 
to sustain t— n. a wild ani- 

beams of light ; to nliinc;- 
npr. or a. bcain'ing ;- 


by Google 

A bold attcm|>t is half success. — 

A bow long: bent at length must 

wax weak. — Geo. Herbert. 

A bow too much bent will break. 
^ —Latin. 

A child's sorrow is short lived.— 




taali—Jia. any brutal or ill- 
boliaved pemon ; a ttock- 
jol>b«r,< i>e who depreuca 
stocks; In uitron. the name 
of two cuDtteliatioD!! in 
Mie North, the Great and 
Little Bear.— Bear-a-hand, 
to assist ; to be active and 
not delay . bear up, suktain. 

Bearable, (b&r'o-bl) a. that 
can or may be borne. 

Beard, (bird) u. hair on the 
cjtiu and lac3 { prickles on 
trheat, &c. t the uarb of an 
arrow ; the gills of oysters, 
&c. ;— 1>. t. to oppose to the 
face ; hence the exp^s- 
Bion, to beard the lion in 
his den { ppr. bcard'in^i 

Bearded, (berd'ed) u. haviuff 
a beard ; prickly ; barbed. 

Beardless, (btird'Ies) a. vrith- 
out a beard; young. 

Bearer, (baKer) n. • carrier 
of anything t a tree or 
plant that bears fruit i that 
which supports anything. 

Bearing, ( bar'ing) h. deport- 
ment or behavior ; situa- 
tion of one object with re- 
spect to another. 

Bearish, (bar'iah) a. rough i 
uncouth; ill-bred;- a stock 
or other market which 
tends to lower prices. 

Beast, (best) m. an irrational 
animal ; usuallv applied to 
the larger quadrupeds. 

Beast-like, (besrllk) n. like a 
beast ; bcastljr ; filthy. 

Beastliness, (bestll-ucs) n. 
brutality ; coarseness ; fil- 
thiness ; obscenity. 

Beastly, (bost'li) a. like a 
beast in actions and be- 
liavior ; brutish ; filthy. 

Beat, (bet) v. t. \_prtU beat ; 
pp. beat, beaten] to strike 
repeatedly ; to tread ; to 
crush ; to distress ; to h^ 
rasK; to outdo; to conquer ; 
—v. (. to tlirob as a pulse ; 
to give strokes at intervals; 
to be la agitation ; to dash 
an a flood or storm :— n. the 
sound of a drum, &c. ; the 
stroke of a time-piece or 
the pulse; an officer's or 
policeman's round ; a path 
much trodden ; a course. 

Beatific, (be-a-tif ik) a. mak- 
leg happy; that which has 
the power to make happy ; 

Beatification, (be-at-i-fi-ki'- 
shun ) M. admission to 
heavenly bliss; a. bcatifia 

Beatify, (b«-«ri*fl) v. t. to 
make happy t to blest with 
happiness in heaven. 

Beatmg. (bet'ing) n. act of 
striking successive blowe i 
punishment by blows. 

Beatitude, (be-afi-tud) m. 
blessedness ; perfect bliss } 
heavenly blis« t-'pL beati- 
tudes, virtues pronounced 
blessed by Christ in Matt v. 

Beau, ( bd) n. a man of dress t 
a fop ; a gallant t a lover i 
—a. fine ; gay ; handsome i 
—pL Beaux \—/en. belle. 

Beau Ideal, (bd-l-de^al) n. 
ideal excellence, or «n im- 
aginary standard of pep* 
fcction : a model in fancy. 

Beau-monde, (b^mongd*) m. 
the gay or fashionable 
world ; polite peopla . 

Beauteous, (bu'te-us) a. fair; 
handsome ; pleasing ; ele- 
gant \—ad. bcuu'teously;— 
n. beau'teousucss. 

Beautiful, (bu'ti-lul) a. ele- 
gant in countenance and 
form i—tul. beau'tifully. 

Beautify, (bu'ti-f 1) v. «. 6r 
make or become beautiful : 
to grace ; to udom \-~ppr. 
beau'tifying ;— w>. beau'ti- 
fiod ;— /». bonu'tiuer. 

Beauty, (bu'tc) n. graceful- 
ness; wnatcver pleases the 
eye, as symmetry or c!c- 
gance of form, or any as- 
sembloge of ornaments. 

Bcautyspot, (bu'ti^pot) «. a 
spot to heighten beauty. 

Beaver, (be'ver) n. an ani- 
mal and his fur ; a hatt 

Becalm, (be-k&m') v. t. to 
make calm or quiet ; to 
still ; to appease ; to nuke 
easv ; to keep from motion 

Becalmed, (b£-kamd') »p. or 
a. quieted ; stopped uy the 
dying down of the wind, 
as a sail-vessel on tlie water 

Because, (be-kawz') con.that 
is ; by cauvc, or for tlie 
cause that; for this reason. 

Bechance, (bd-chansO v. i. to 
befall or happen to. 

Beck, (bekln. a nod ; a sign 
with the nand or head ;— 
V. i. to make a sign with 
the hand or the head. 

, (bek'n) w. i. or t. to 

make a sign to another ; to 
call with the hand;— ^ipr. 
beck'oningi-up. beck'oncd 

Becloud, (be-kloud') v. t. to 
cloud; to obscure ; to dark- 
en ; —ppr. be'clouding ; -- 
pa. be'clouded', dimmed. 

Become, ( be-kum') t- . (. [prtU 
became; pp. become] to fit, 
or befit ; to add groce to ^— 
V. i. to come to be ; to enter 
into a state or condition. 

Becoming, (b£-kum'ing) a. 
suitable to t appropriate. 

Bed, (bed) v. U or t. to pUce 
in bed i to Uy in order ; to 
low or plant ;— n. n couch 
or place to sleep on. ; a plat 
in a garden ; a bank of 
earth ; a layer or stratum. 

Bedabble, (bl-dab'bl) v. <. to 
wet t to sprinkle. 

Bedash, (be-d&sh) v. t. to 
wet by Kpattcring water on 
a person or thing. 

Bedaub, (be-dawb) v. t. to 
besmear ; to dauo over ; to 
soil with anything dirty. 

Bedaubed, (be-dawb'ed) pp, 
besmeared ; made dirty. 

Bedazzle, (be-daz'cl) v. t. to 
confound the siglit by too 
strong a light. 

Bed-bug, (bed' -bug) n. a 
troublesome bug which 
conceals itself i:i the crev- 
ices of bcdbtcads and walU 
and sucks humsn blend. 

n. a room toclccu in a bed. 

Bed-clothes, (bcd'kl6thz) »u 
sheets, blanxets, fte. 

Bedding, (bed'ing) ppr. Jay- 
ing in a bed :— n. materials 
for a bed ; bed>clothcs. 

Bedeck, (bS-dck') v. t. to 
deck i to trim ; to adoni ; to 
omoiacnt •-~ppr. budeck'> 
ing \—pp. bedecked'. 

Bedevil, (bc-dev'l) t». t. to 
throw into disorder and/ 
confusion, as if by the 
devil ; to make bad \—pp. 
and o. bedevilled. 

Bedew, (bc-du') r. <. to moist- 
en gently ; to wet witli 
dew \—pp. bedewed'. 

Bedewing, (be-du'in^) ppr. 
wotting, or nioistenmg 
gently, as with dew. 

BcdfcUbw, (bed'fel-l6)^.onc 
lying in the same bed, or 
sleepiog; with another. 

BedightTTb^t') a. adorned. 


by Google 

A childlike mind in its simplicity 
, practices that to which the wise 

are blind. 
Ail roads lead to Rome. 

A clear conscience fears no ac- 

A cock is valiant on his own 




Bedim, (,b£-dim') v. f. to 
maku dim ; to obtcurc. 

Bedizen, (bc-diz'cn) v. (. to 
dfcsi gaudily. 

Bedlam, (hed'Lim) n. • mad^' 
house for lunatics. 

Bedlamite, (bcd' n. a 
madman i a lunatic. 

BedquUt, (bcd'kwilt) n. a 
covering for a bed. 

Bcdra^le, (bc-dragpl) v. t. 
to sou; to dras in mud. 

Cedreuch, ^be-drcnsh') r. (. 
to soak with water. 

Bedrcnchcd, (bc^drcnsh'-ed) 
j>a. drenched ; soaked. 

Bedridden, (bedrid -n) a. 
confined tu the bed by age, 
infirmity, or sickness. 

Bedroom, (bed'rOOm) n. an 
apartment for a bed. 

Bedstead, (bed'&tcd) n. a 
frame for supporting a bed 

Bedtime, (bcd'tim) n. the 
hour of going to rest. 

Bedouin, (bcd'oo-in) n. the 
name applied to those 
Arabs who live in tents 
«nd lead an unsettled life. 

Bedwarf, (bd-dwarl) p. t. to 
make lUtle or belittle. 

Bee, (be) >*. an intcct which 
produccM honey and wax. 

Bee, (be) an assemblage (>f 
neighbors, to unite their 
labors for the benefit cf 
one person, family, or so 
ciatj', as an appic-bee, to 
cut apples for drying ; a 
AusIoij-Vp, to husk com; a 
Ktvin(f-bee, to sew for a fair, 
or the poor of the Church. 

Dce-!)rcad. (be'brcd) n. the 
pollen of flowers. 

Beech, (bSch) n. a common 
forest tree with smooth, 
•ilvery-looking baric, which 
produces nuts. 

Bcechcn, (bSch'n) a. belong- 
ing to the beech. 

Beef, (bit) n. the flesh of an 
ox, bull, or cow. 

Beef •cater, (bcf'ct-er) n. a 

Soss person ; a }'eoman of 
e royal guard. 
Bee>hivc, (belUv) n. 

or case, or 
other hol- 
low vessel, 
for keciv 
ing bees, 
us uall / 
made with 
' I*,'* HI • d 


glass boxes in the top, 
which can he removed 
when filled with honey. 

Bee-line, (bv-lin) n. a direct 
or straight lino fmm uiio 
point to another, so called 
from the practice of bees, 
when loade I with hone/, 
retuminf to their hives in 
a direct Une. 

Beelzebub, (b{-ei'ze-bub)a. 
the prince of demons. 

Been, (binipp. of To De. 

Beer, (ber) ». a fermented 
liquor made from malted 
barley and hops. 

Beeswax, (bcz'wak?) n. the 
wax forming bee-celU. 

Beet, (b£t) M. a vegetable 
with a carrot-like nx-t eat- 
en as food, and from which 
su<car is extracted. 

Beetle, (be'tl) n. a heavy 
wooacti mallet t «n insect 
with haid cases for its 
wings \—v. i. to jat out t to 
hang over ; to project. 

Bcctlc-heaaed. (bc'tl-hcd-ed) 
a. havin):r it head like a 
beetle ; dull { stupid. 

Beeves. ( bevz ) n. ^ of 
Deef: cittle ; oxen t cows. 

Bef xil, (b«-fawl') v. t. irret. 
bcrcll { piu bcfaUcnj hap- 
pen to etc I to come to p&BS. 

Befalling, (be-fawling) ppr. 
happening to; occurring to, (bc-ur) r. t. to be- 
come ; to suit : to adorn. 

Bffitting, (bc-fifing) a. tutt- 
ing ; becoming. 

Befool, (bo -fool') v. t. io 
make a foolof ; to deceive; 
to delude \—pp. befooled'. 

Before, (be-fOr') prep, in 
front of t prior to i sooner; 
in presence of :— <wi. pre- 
viously to ; earlier. 

Beforehand, (be-fOriumd) 
ad. previously ; — a. well 
provided with means. 

Beforetime. (be-fOr'tIm) ad. 
formerly ; of old. 

Befoul, (bo- foul') v. t. to 
make foul i to make dirty. 

Befriend, (be-frend') r. (. to 
favor t to use kindly ; to 
act OS a friend to. 

Befringe, (bg-frinj*) v. t. to 
adorn with fringe. 

Beg, (beg) v. (. to ask earn- 
estly ;— 0. t. to ask alms, or 
chnri^ ; to ask for relief i 
to lire on alms ; to astmne. 

Beget, (b*.gcr) v. t. [pret. i'p. begot, begotten] 
to procreate ; to cause to be 
produced ; to generate. 

Begetter, (b«-get'er) n. on* 
who procnrates, or causes 
to be produccKl ; a fatlier. 

Beggar, (beg'ircr) n. one who 
bi^s, or lives by begging ; 
—V. t. to bnng to want ilo 
impoverish t to exhaust; to 
rum \—pur. t»eg;raring ;— 
t>a. bcgg^ared, exhausted. 

Bcggarline9B.( beg'gcr-li -nes) 
a. poverty ; meauness. 

Beggarly, (bcrger4i) a. like 
a beggar ; contemptible i 
mean \—adv. meanly. 

Beggary, (beg'ger-i) m. por- 
erty ; extreme want. 

Bcgced. (begd)pp. earnestly 
solicited ; supplicated ; en- 
treated, [ing for alms. 

Begging, (beg'ing) /.., mask- 
Begin, (b«-gin') V. t. [pret. 
began I pp. begun] to com- 
mence ; to take rise ; to 
enter upon something new; 
to do the first act. 

Beginner, (be-gin'er) n. one 
wno begins ; one in his 
rudiments ; a tyro. 

Beginning, (be-ein'ing) n. 
the first part oftimc ; first 
cause I commencement t 
entrance into being. 

Begird, (bi-gerd') v. t. [pret. 
bcgirded ; ;>p. begirtj to 
surround ; to encompass 
with a band or pinllc. 

Begirdcd, (b«-gerd'ed) pa. 
bound with a girdle, or 
band ; surrounded i—ppr. 
begird'ing.hemming in. 

Begone, (b£-gon') r. t. go 
awny ; depart i m(. away I 

Be?rinicd, (be - grimd ) pp. 
deeply soiled with dirt. 

Begrudge, (be-gruj') -iJ. t. to 
envy the possession of. 

Beguile, (be-gfl) v. t. to im- 
pose upon ; to deceive ; to 
cheat ; to amuse ; to en- 
snare; to mislead. 

Beguiled,(be-Klld') CT.dcceir- 
ed : deluded ; cheated ; 
passed pleasantly. [{^m. 

■Bejruii, (oC'-frim') pp. of lie- 

Behnlf. (be-hif) n. favor; 
advantage ; cause; defence 

Behave, (b^-hiV) i*. i. or t. 
to act : to dem<^n ; to con- 
dnct one's srlf {well or illj. 

Behavior, (b«-hiVyer) n. 


by Google 

A consciousness of misfortunes 
arising from a man's own mis- 
conduct aggravates their bit- 
terness. — Greek. 

Conscience does make cowards 
of us all. — Shakespeare. 
(Hamlet.) [feast. 

A contented mind is a continual 




luct ; ac 
meaner of life ) carriaft. 

Behead, f be-hed'; t*. r. to cut 
off the ncad; to decapitate; 
—pa behead'cd. 

Beheld, fbc-held') pret, of 
y;e/io/d— saw. 

Behest, (bC-hcst) n. a com- 
mand ; order ; message. 

Oehind, (bc-hind') prep, or 
adv. at tlie back oi ; in- 
ferior to ; in the rear j out 
of sixht ; coming after. 

fiehinaliand, (be-hlnd'hand) 
ad. in arrears ; backward j 
being in poverty. 

8chold, (be-hold) v. t. [pret. 
and pp. beheld] to look up- 
on ; to conteinplatc i—ad. 
\o I see I observe ! 

Ccholden, (b6-h6ld'n) a. in- 
debted ; obliged ; bound. 

&«holdcr, (be-hold'cr) n. a 
spectator t one who ob- 
serves, or beholds. 

Behoof, (be'hoof) n. neces- 
sity i beneflt ; advantage. 

Behoove, (be-hooV) v. t. to 
befit ; to DC necessary to. 

Being, (be'ing) ])pr. of ^j 
He, existing ; — n. exist- 
ence ; that which exists. 

Belabor, (bS-la'bcr) v. t. io 
thump ; to beat lioundly or 
BCvereJy ;— ;j». bela'borcd. 

Belate, (b€-l&t') v. t. to retard 

Bflated, (be-Ufcd) a. too 
late in time ; beni^'hted. 

Belay, (be-la') r. t. to block 
lip ; to fasten n crble by 
laying it round the bits. 

Belch, (bclsh) v. t. or ». to 
eject \7ind from the etom- J to throw out viclent- 
ly 5— ^». act of belching. 

Beldam, (bel'dam > n. an old 
TToman ; a tritca i a hag. 

Beleaguer, Chc-lG'ger> v. t. to 
besiege ; to surround witli 
an army. [man of wit. 

Bcl-esprit, (bel-es-pre) n. a 

Belfry, (bel'frc) n. the part 
of a steeple or tower in 
ivhich bells are rung. 

Belial, (bS'li-al) n. Satan i an 
evil spirit ; wickedness. 

Belie, (b£-10 v. t. to speak 
f .ilsely of I to slander ; to 
frlve the lie to i to feign. 

Belied, (be.lld') p<u fOxelr 
represented i counterfeit- 
ed; calumniated. 

Belief, OOAHt^n. penuasioa 

, of the tmth; assent or eon- 

sent ; the thing believed ; 
credence ; faith ; religion. 

Believe, (bc-leV) v. t. to give 
credit to; to at^scnt to; to 
trust in t to have faith in ; 
to have a firm persuasion 
of : to think or suppose. 

Believed, (bd-l6vd');7). cred- 
ited; assented to,and trust- 
ed in as ir\xQ\ —ppr. be- 
lieving;— af/. bcliev'ingly. 

Believer, (be-lev'cr) n. cue 
who believes in nny per- 
son, or thing, or dDCtriue ; 
a professor of Christianity 

Bell, (bcl) n. a hollow vessel 
of metal, 
that sendj 
out a ring - 
ing sound 
on beinj; 

Belladonna, ^bel-la-don^na) 
»i. deadly night-shade, the 
juice cf which is used as a 
cosmetic t a medicine. 

Belle, (bel) n. a fascinating, 
beautiful young lady. 

Belles-lettres, (bcl-lef tri n./>. 
the department of litera- 
ture which embraces poe- 
trv and rhetoric. 

Bellfounder, ( bcl'found-er) 
n. one who casts bells; — 
ns. bell-liang'er, one who 
places bells in Jiouscs ; 
bell-ringer, one who al- 
tcnds to ringing church cr 
other bells r.tKlatcd hours; 
bell-pull, ft knob and vire 
or cord attached to a beil. 

Bellicose, (bel'li-kCs) a. in- 
clined to war; contentious. 

Belligerent, (bel-lij'er-enf)a. 
carrying on war ; hostiio ; 
—a. nation engaged in war 

Bell-metal, (bel'mct-al) n. a 
metal composed of copper, 
tin, zinc, and antimony ; 
a composition of metals. 

Bellow, (bel'lO) t?. i. to roar 
like a bull ; to resound ;— 
n. a loud outcry ; a roar. 

Bellowing, (bel'ld-inp) n. a 
loud outcry, or roanng. 

Bellows, Cberlftz) n. an in- 
strument to blow a firo 
with, or to supply wind to 
or^an pipes. 

BelUwether, (b«l'wvth>^) n. 
a wether sheep with a MU 

by which it lends a flock, 
and annoys foxes, «tc. 

Belly, (bcl'li) n. the abdo- 
men ; the womb ; that port 
of the body between the 
breast and thighs ; eny- 
thins^ that bulges out ;— v. 
(. or >. to swell out ; to fill ; 
to project; to swell ;—m;r. 
bclly'ing \~pp. bell'iett. 

Bellyband, (bcVji-bandi n. a 
girth for ft horse ; a baud 
encompassing the belly. 

Bellyful, ( belli -ful; ». as 
much food as satishcs. 

Belong, (be-long) v. i. to be 
Lhe property of; to be a 

Srt of ; to pertain or re- 
e to;— ppr. belonging; 
—pp. belonged', related. 
[Ji'loved, (be-Tuv(l') <i. great- 

f' loved ; very dear, 
ow, (bC-lo') wre/>. and (td. 
in a lower place or state; 
under ; beneath ; inferior 
to ; not worthy of ; on 
earth, as opposed to heaven 

Belt, (belt) n. a girdle; sash ; 
band ; zone ; strait; a stretch 
of land covered with trees; 
a circular avenue of trees ; 
a region of country noted 
for Its productions or its 
inhabitants, os an agrictU- 
turnl belt, a. timber belt, the 
oilbclt, the grain belts, the 
black beltSf as porttcns of 
the south most!}' inhabited 
by blacks are called ;—v. t. 
to surround with a b« U ; to 
encircle 5 —ppr. belt'ing ; 
— pp. or a. bclt'ed. 

Bern ire, (hi-n\\r") v. t. to 
Eink or drag in tne mire. 

Bemoan. (be-mOn') v. «. to 
lament ; to bewail ; to ex- 
press sorrow for \—ppr. be- 
moaning;— w>. bemoaned'. 

Bench, (bensh) n. a lorg 
8C:tt or lorm ; a Judge's seat; 
the assembly of judges. 

Bend, (b.;nd) r. t. and 1. to 
crook ; to submit ; to sub- 
due ;— n. a curve or flexure 

Bended, (bend'ed) pp. or o. 
made crocked ; strfiined ; 
incurvated; inclined ; sub- 
dued ',—ppr. bend'ing. 

Beneath, (hS-nSth') prep, and 
€if!v. under 1 below ; un- 
worthy of ; unbecoming. 

Benedict, (ben'e-dikt) n. a 
newly married man (from 
Benedick, a character in 


by Google 

A contented mind is a fair for- 
tune. — Latin. 

A creaking door hangs long on 
its hinges. 

A contract founded in evil, or 
against morality, is void. — 

All talk and no cider (or work). 




ispeftrc « "^ 
about Notliing "). 
Bcncitction. (Ueu-i-dik'- 
•hun) n. the act of blcu- 
ing : lavocatiun of happi- 
neh* : an exprcbtion of 
good wuhc* ; a bleA»ms- 
Benef RCtion. ( ben - i - f ak'- 
thai))n.good deed done or 
benedt cuuiurred: a eift. 

Benefactor, Qben - ^-fak'lor) 
». one who confer* a bene- 
fit i—fein. bcnefac'treM. 

Benefice, (^l»en'e-tis) n. an 
rccle^iaxtical living. 

Beneficed, (ben e-Qat) a. pos- 
neMed ot a benefice, or 
church preferment. 

Beneficence, (be-ncri-sens) 
N. the practice of doing 
Kood ; active goodneM ; 
kind new, or charity. 

Beneficent (be-nef'i-«cnt) a. 
bountiful ; kind ; confer- 
ring great good i charitable: 
deliffhting in good workK | 
—au. beneficently. 

Beneficial, (ben-^-tUh'al) a. 
useful; advantageous; jbro- 
fitabie i—atl. bcncfi'ciaUy. 

Beneficiary, (beii-£-fish'-ai--i; 
n. one who holds a bene- 
fice, or receives a bi-nefit, 
or enjoy» exclusive advan- 
tages ;— p/. beneficiaries. 

Benefit, (ben-i-fit) n. profit ; 
kindness; advantage; a fa- 
vor confen-cd ;—v. 1. lo do 
gtx»d to i—ppr. bcn'eiltins i 
—pp. bcn'efited. 

Benevolence. (b6-nev'6-lcn») 
II. good-will ? charity ; gen- 
erosity ; kindness ; a gilt. 

Benevolent, (b5-nev'0-lent) 
a. full of good-will ; char- 
itable ; affectionate; gen- 
erous:— <»/. benev'olcntly. 

Benight, (b«-nif ) v. I. to 
overtake with night 

Benighted, ( be-nit'ed ) pp. 
or a. involved in darkness 
or Ignorance | beUtfd. 

Benipi, (b^-nin*) a. kind t 

fenerous; rood by nature ; 
liendly ; beneficent ; gra- 
cious I— ad, bcnign'ly. 
Benignity, ( b€-nig'ni-ti ) n. 
goodness of disposition ; 
graciousness ; kindness ;— 
a. benig'nant:— at/. bcnijC- 
nantly. rblessing ; reward. 
Beninou, ( ben'e • mn) ti. a 
Bent, (bent) n. [pret. and 
jjp. bend] a curve ; a lean- 

ing or bias of mind; in- 
clination ; a coarse kind of 
grass whose roots bind the 
ground on which it grow«. 
Benumb, (be-uum) r. t. to 
deprive of feeling ; to 
iiuke numb or torpid :— 
ppi: benumb'ing i—pp. be- 
numbed' i—o. f^rpid. 
Benzoin, (bcn-Kuiu> n. a 
fragrant medicinal resin, 
flowing from the Sli/nu: 
benzoin, a tree of Sumatra. 
Bequeath, (bc-kweth) r. t. 
to devifc or civc by will:— 
ppr. bequeatiring:— />i>. be- 
queathed', delui^ed. 
Bequebt, (bS-kwest) n. a leg- 
acy left oy will, etc. 
Benite. (be-riiO v. /.to scold; 

to chide vehemently. 
Ecrcuvc, (bg-reV) v. t. [ pret, 
and pp. bereaved, bereftj 
to dejirive o(; to take away 
dear friends or relatives. 
Bereaved, (be-rOvd^W*. de- 
pi-ived by death ol ii iend«, 
or relatives; made desti- 
tute ',—ppr, bereav'ing. 
Bereavement, (be-rev'-mcnt) 
n. deprivation of friends 
or relatives ; loss hy death. 
Bergainot, (bcrg'a-inot) u. a 
species of pear, or citron ; 
an oil obtuinedirom it. 
Berry, (beKre; n. a pulpy, 
succulent fruit, contain- 
ing naked seeds or stones. 
Bertn, ( bcrtii) n. a ship's sta- 
tion at anchor ; a room or 
siceping-place in a shii>. 
Beryl, (bor'il) i». a precious 
stone of a greenish color, 
very hard;— <i. beKyllinc. 
Beseech, (be-sech'^r. 1. {pret. 
and pp. besousiit] to solic- 
it ; to pray ; to teg ; to ask 
earnestly \—ppr. neseech'- 
ing ;— a.7. bcsccch'ingly. 
Beseem, (be-fcem') r. t. to be- 
come; to befit; to be worthy 
of',— ppr. and a. besecni'- 
ing ;— O'f. bi'seem'mgly. 
Beset (be-sef) v. t. [pret. 
and pp. bcsctl to surround; 
to enclose on all sides ; to 
waylay ; to harass. 
Begetting, (W-set'ing) a.con- 
fimied ; habitual ; harass- 
ing; besieging : worst 
Beshrew. (bc-shrW) v. t. to 

wish a curse to. 
Beside, (bi-*\d')prep. at the 
side of; near; distinct from 

Bckides, (be-sidz') ail. over 
and above; more tUau that; 
moreover ; in addition to. 
Btsiegev (bc-«ei')r. t. to lay 
siege to ; to beset closely ; 
to throng round t to press 
upon i—ppr. bC-iicg'ing. 
BcHiegcJ, <bc-«€id') vn. or a. 
laid siege to ; beset by hos- 
tile troops t entreated. 
BcMcgcr, (bd-**jer; n. the 

party besieging. 
Besmear, (bc-fmer^ v, t, to 
diub; to sully; to cover 
with anything greasy or 
dirty i—ppr. besmear'ing ; 
—pp. besmeared'. 
Besom, (bc'zum) n. a brtuh 

made of twigs ; a broom. 
Besot, ^bc-^ot') r. 1. to make 

stupid, dull, or senseless. 
Bespangle. (b^-f.t>ang>:'.> v.t. 
to adorn with spangles or 
something shining. 

Bcspan^lud, ( be -sp^ing'gld) 
pp, acfomed with ipnngles. 

Bespatter, (b£-spat'ter) v. t. 
to spatter ; to aspers« with 
water and dirt ; to soil. 

Bespattered. ( bc^pat-terd') 
p/i. soiled with water and 
dirt ; aspersed. 

Bespeak, < b^ - »p€k' ) r. t. 
Iprct. bespoke ; pp. be- 
spoken] to speak for or en- 
g:igu befu:ehand ; to be- 
n>ken \—i>ifr. bespeak 'ing. 

Bespread, (be-bpred') v. t. to 
spread over ; lo cover. 

Sest, (best) a. wj^ertntwe of 
Cotfl, most good; most fit: 
highest ; most excellent;*, 
purlecttuii. or the beat. 

Bestial, (best'yal) a. per- 
tainin;C to. or having the 
qualities ot a beast ; mtliy ; 
vile ; sensual ;ii.he«ntial'l^. 

Bestir, (bc-stcKi v. 1. to move 
quickly ; lo nasten t—ppr. 
bOstirr'ing:— ;»;j. bestirred'. 

Bestow, (be-6t6') v. t. to give; 
to confer; to dispose of ; to 
apply i—ppr. bestow'ing ; 
— /)/). bestowed'; — w. b€- 
•tow'er, one who gives. 

Bestowal, (b6-st0*al) n. act 
of bestowing ; disposal. 

Bestowmcn t, ( he - stC'ment) 
M. gift ; endowment. 

Bestrew. (b$-str6') v. 1. to 
scatter over ; to sprinkle. 

Bestride, (l>*-strld > v. t. to 
stride over ; to sit or stand 
across ; to extend the legs 


by Google 

A cunning man overreaches no 
one so much as himself. — 
H. W. Beecher. 

All that a man gets is his living. 

A countryman between two law- 
yers IS like a fish between two 
cats. — B. Franklin. 

All that is written is not Gospel. 




ortr ; — pret. bestrid'i M- 
strOde' \-'ppr. bfatrid'inj^ ; 
—pp. bGstnd' ; bettrid'den. 

BeKtud. (be-»tud') v. t. to 
adorn with ttuds or stun 

Bet, (bet) n. a wajjer ;— 1\ t. 
[pp. bettcdj to lay • wager; 
—ppr. bctt'uig: »». Kftmbuns 

Betake, (be-tik') v. t. [pret. 
betook I pp. betaken ] to 
hare rccoun«e to ; to resort. 

Betaking. ( be-tak'ing) ppr. 
hsxing recourse to i apply- 
ing one's self. 

Bethink, (be-thingV)P. f.and 
i.[pret. bethought] to re- 
flect.; to recollect ; to recall 
to mind ; to consider. 

Betide, (bg-tld) r. t. or i. to 
happen to ; to befall. 

Betimes, (be-tlm;c') ad. in 
good time ; seasonably. 

Betoken, (be-fd'kn) r. t. to 
foreshow ; to signify by 
some token or si^n. 

Betokened, (be-tok'nd) pp. 
predicted : foreshown by 
preceding signs. 

Betmy, (bc-trfi) i*. t. to de- 
ceive ; to violate a tru.nt j 
to treacherously deliver 
up ; to cxjiose what is 
neant to be concealed. 

Betrayal, (b£-tra'al)/t. bi-cach 
of trust; a traitorous viola- 
tion of duty and confi- 
dence ;— n. betrayer. 

Betroth, (b6-tiOth') v. t. to 
espouse ; to plcdjjc l'.\ mar- 
rinsrci to affiance;— »>;»•. bc- 
troth'in;; ;—j>p. bet;-othcd'. 

betrothal, Cbe-trOth'al) n. 
contract of marriage or act 
of betrothing. fa pledge. 

Betted, (bcrtcd) pp. laid as 

Better, (bct'ter) o. compara- 
tive of Gooa^ more gOod; 
superior; useful orvahts- 
blt in a higher doarrcc than 
another ; preferable ; im- 
proved i—ad. more; rather; 
—V. t. to make better ; to 
benefit ; to repair : — jijn: 
betf ering ;—/>;>. bett'ercd ; 
— ». bctf crment. 

Betters, (bet'terz) m. pi. su- 
periors in a^esmd qualities 

Betting, (beting) /)pr. laving 
a wager. (who bets. 

Btttpr, (bettor) n. a pcmon 

Betty, (betl ) n. a burjrlar's 
lastniment to break doom. 

Between, (b«-tw«n') prep, in 

the middle of two ; com- 
mon to two ; in the inter- 
mediate space ; from one 

• to another; noting differ- 
ence of one from the othsr 

Bevel, (bev'cl) n. • kind of 
tool used by masons bevel- 
led at one end or inclined 
more than a right angle ; 
an instrument opening 
like a pair of compasses,! or 
measuring angles ;-<T.9lant; 
obliaue ^-r. t. to cut to a 
bevel angle ;— ir. i. to slant 
or incline off ; —ppr. and 
a. bev'clling ;—pp. and a. 
bcv'elled. angular. 

N. v/hecls working in dif- 
ferent wheels, having their 
teeth cut nt right angles. 

Beverage, (bcv'er-aj) «. any 
agrcenble liquor to drink. 

Bevy, (bev'i) «. a flock of 
birds; brood: com pan v. 

Bewail, (he-wal') r. t. to ut- 
ter the wail of distress ; to 
Sricve for;— r. i. to express 
cep sorrow for x—ppr. be- 
waii'ing '.—pp. bSwailcd'. 

Beware, (be-w4r') i». t. to be 
cautious ; to avoid. 

Bewilder, (be-wil'dcr) r. t. to 
puzzle; to |ierplex; to lead 
astray i—pjtr. or a. bewil- 
dcr'ing ;— ;>p. Iwwilderd'. 

Bewitch, (be-wich') v. t. to 
charm; to enchant ; to fas- 
cinate ; to plca&e very 
much i—pp. bewitched'. 

Bewitching, (bo-wich'ing) u. 
ora. c!iarming; fascinating 

Bey, (ba) n. Turkish ruler. 

Bcvond, (bc-yond*) prep, on 
the yonder, or further side 
of ; remote from ; out of 
the reach of ;— a</. at a dis- 
tance : yonder. 

Bezel, (bcz'l) n. the part of a 
ringcontninmg the xtone. 

Biangular, ( bl-aug'giVler) a. 
having two comers. 

Bias, (bi'as) «. inclination ; 
Icanlrg on one side; par- 
tiality ; proiicnsitv to one 
side ;— u. f. to incline to a 
side ; to prepossess or pre- 
judtcfc v--/jp. bi'nsed. 

Bib, (bib) n. a cloth under 
the chin of on infant. 

Bibber, (hib'ber) n. a drink- 
er ; tippler ; drunkard. 

Bible, (brbl) n. the book 
that contains the Scrip- 

tures of Uie Old and New 
Testament i h. itiu'lieist 

Biblical, (biblik-al) a. of or 
rebting to the Bible t—ud. 
bib'Iically ;— n. Lib'iikt. 

Bibliographer, (bib-Ii-ojr'.-a- 
ler) n. one versed in bibii- 
ography — or odd liooks. 

Bibliographic, (bil»-li-o-graf'. 
ik) a. pertaining to the his- 
tory of books. 

Bibliography, (bib - li - c^ra- 
f I ) m. the description, 
knowledge.and liistory of 
books. [book-worship. 

Bibliolatry, (bib- i-ola-tri) n. 

Bibliology, (bib-li-ol'o^i j n. 
a treatise on books; bib- 
lical literature or theol6gy. 

Bibliomania, (bib-U-O-nm'- 
nio) n. book-madness ; the 
rage for |>osseMing rare or 
curious books. 

Bibliomaniac, (bib-li-A-mi'- 
ni-ak) n. one who has a 
rag« for rare and curious 
books t biNto^tole, dealer. 

Bibulous, (bib'fl-lns) a. ant 
to imbit>e ; spongy; n.bibli 

Bice, (bis) n. a pale blue or 
gi-ecn paint, or color. 

Bicipital, (bi-5,ip-.i.tal)a. hav- 
ing two heads or ongins. 

Bicker, (bik'er) v. e. to dis- 
pute about trifles; n. bowU 

Bickering, (bik'er-ing) n. 
wrangling; contention. 

Bicom, (bl'kom) a. having 
two horns i said of |>luiii.-.. 

Bicycle, (blslkl) h. • two- 
wheeled velocipede, the 
wheels arranged one be- 
fore the other. 

Bid, (bid) v. t. {pret. bid, 
bade ; pp. bid, bidden] to 
offer ; to comniftiid ; to in- 
vite;— w. an offer of a price 

Bidder, (bid'er) n. one who 
offers a price at auction. 

Bidding, (bid'ing) ». an of- 
fer of price, or term>» : in- 
vitation ; direction t oadcr. 

Biddy, (bid-di ) n. a domcr- 
tic fowl ; a chicken ; an 
Irish sen'ant-girl. 

Bide, rbfd) v. t. or i. to 
dwell ( to remain ; same as 
■bide. jhig two teeth. 

Bidental, fbi-denrah a. hav- 

Bienninl,(bf-cn'ni-al)a. last- 
ing two years; occurring 
everr two years. 

Bier, (bCr) n. a carriage for 
bearing the dead. 


by Google 

A cough vnill stick longer by a 
horse than a peck of oats. — 
Fuller's Gnomologia, 1732. 

A poet is born, not made. — Lt. 

A cheerful mind is never with- 
out company. 

A child may have too much of iti 
mother's blessing. 




BicflUngs, (Msringji) n. pi. 
firbt milk of • cow afler 
calving ( also beestini|>< 

Difarious, (bi.f&'ri>u«> a. 
pointiag two wayg. 

Biiid, (bl'ld) a. dlrided. 

BifleroaB,(bf-fl6'rus)a. har- 
Sng two kind« of nowenu 

Biiold. f bl'fOld) a. two-fold i 
doable i of two kinds, Ac. 

Bifoliate, ( bi -f o' 11 - ate ) <i. 
having two leave*. 

Biferm. (bl'fonn) a. having 
two forma or bodies. 

Bifurcate, (bi-fufkAt) bifur- 
cated, ^bi-furlK&t-ed) a. 
two-forked; having two 
prongM or branches. 

fiuurcation.( bi-f ur-k&>hun) 
n. a forking or division in- 
to two branches. 

Big, (big) a. large ; swelled < 
bulky ; pregnant ; great in 
air, mien, or 

Bigamist, (bif^a-miiit) n. one 
who litu committed biga- 
my ; who has two hus- 
band*, or two wives. 

Bigamy, (big'a-mi) n. the 
crime of having two wives 
or two hu»b:inas ot once. 

fiij»:in, (big'gin) a. a kind 
of cap for a child < a can 
or smaU wooden vcsscL 

Bisht. (bit) n. a small bay ; 
me bend or coil of a rope. 

B^ness, ( big'ncs ) M. size t 
bulk I largenecs ; quantity. 

Bigot, (big'utyfi. one ob.^ti- 
natcly and blindly devoted 
to a party or particular 
creed, (pinion or practice. 

Bigoted, (big'ut-ed) a. un- 
otaly devoted, or preju- 
diced « or blindly scalous 
for an opinion, &e. 

Btgotry, (big-ut-ri) m. blind 
teal for a creed, or party. 

DiJC-^Rt (big* wig) w. a pom- 
pous, consequential per- 
son ; a leader in society ;— 
m, big-wigg'ery, artiticial- 
• Ity I arrogance ; preten- 
sion »— <t. big-wigged', pre- 

■ tentioua in manner and 

' high-sounding in speech t 
mm natural or ingenuous ; 
C forced, strained style m 
«rt and literature { not sim- 

■ PU or reaUstie. 

BQon. (W^sboo) m. a jewel } 
sMnket, or little box. 

8HMti7. (b«-zho'tTl) M. 

' f&wt&j ^alll»^v»llf<m. 

Bilateral, (bl-Ut'cr-al) u. hav- 
ing two sides. 

BUberry, (bil^r-ri) m. a 
shrub and its berries. which 
are dark blue t whortle- 
berry, (fine sword. 

Bilbo, (Ul-bO) N. a rapier ; a 

Bilboes, (bil'bOz) n. pi a sort 
of stocks for the feet of of- 
fenders on board of ships. 

Bile, (bll) N. a yellow bitter 
Hqnor secreted iu the liv- 
er ; that which is supposed 
to cause melancholy ,aDger, 
&e. i—Jkf. ill-humor. 

Bilge, (bilj)M. the protuber- 
ant iMurt of a cask i— r. t. to 
leak from fracture i—ppr. 
bilg'ing;— m>. biigt^'. 

Bilgc-walcr. (bilj'waw-ter) n. 
water in a ship's hold. 

Biliary, (bil'yar-i> a. belong- 
ing to or conveying bile. 

Billingsgate, (bil'ingz-gftt)f». 
a fish-market in London, 
Where they are noted for 
foul language i ribaldry. 

Bilingual, ( bi-ling'gwr.l) a. 
speiking two languages. 

Bilious, (lul'vus) a. aflccted 
by bile ; ill-tempered. 

BiUteral, (bi-lit-cr^rt) a. con- 
sisting of two letters. 

Bilk, fbilk) V. (. to frustrate; 
to disappoint ; to cheat 

Bill, (bll) N. beak of a fowl, 
anything like a bird's beak: 
hooked instrument for cut- 
ting I— r. *. or I. to caress. 

Bill, (bi!) II. a scaled paper; 
an account of monev; a 
written declaration : a oraft 

of a proposed law; a print- 
ed advertisement t paper •. 
BUlet, (bil'et) n. a small note 

or letter ; a stick of wood ; 
— f. t. to quarter or settle 
soldiers in a place t—ppr. 
bilicting ;— pp. bilicted. 

Bitlet-douz, (biT-lc-doo) n, a 
love-note, or letter. 

BUIiaids, (bil'yardz) a. pi a 
game played on a {able 
with balls and a cue or rod 

Billion, (bil>un) n. a mil- 
lion of million x, or by the 
French method of numer- 
ation, a thousand millions. 

Billow, (bil'O) M. a rolUng 
wave of the sea x—v. i. to 
swell or roll like a wove. 

Billowy, (bU'6.1) a. sweUinr 
like a wave in a storm i fuU 
of billows : stormy. 

Bimanons.( bl-ina'nus)o. hav- 
ing two hands. 

Bimensal, (bi-mea'aal) a. oc- 
curring every two months. 

Bin, (bin) a. a place for stor- 
ing flour, grain, wine, Itc. 

Binary, (bi'^a-ri) a. com- 
posed of two I two-fold. 

Binate. (bl'nAt) a. being 
double, or in couples ; 
growing in pairs. 

Bind, (bind) v. t. or i. fpret. 
and pp. Bound) to tie or 
fasten together with k 
band ; to sew a border on i 
to confine ; to oblige by 
kindness, stipulation or 
oath; to confirm f to make 
hard; to constipate; to 
contract t to be obligatory. 

Binder, (blnd'e;) n. one who 
binds books, sneaves, tc. 

Bindery, (blnd'<r-i ) n. place 
for binding books. 

Binding, (bind'ing) jipr. re- 
straining ; obligatoiy; con- 
fining;— a. a bandage; cov- 
er and sewing of a lx)ck. 

Bindingly. (bind'ing-le) ad, 
so as to obligate. 

Bind-wced, (bmd'wld) a. 
the convolvulus ; a genus 
of plants, so called from 
their binding or twining. 

Binnacle, (bin'a-kl) a. a 
box for 
ing the 
c o m - 
pass of 
a ship, 
and a 
light at 

Ur, (bi-noVu-Iar) a. hav- 
ing two eyes, or apertures. 

Binomial, (oi-o6'mi-al) a. in 
Algebra, a quantity con- 
sistinz of two tena*. 

Biograimer, (bl-og'ra-fer) a. 
a writer of a person's life. 

Biography, (bl.og'ra-fl) n. a 
written account or hi.-itory 
of a life; the art of writing 
such accounts ; — a. bio- 
graph'ic, bingraph'ical ; — 
art. biograph'ically. 

Biology, (bl-olo^l) n. a di» 
course concerning life; tUo 
science of lift^ 

Biparons (bip'ar-us) a. pto- 
aucing two et a birth. 

Bipartite. (bip'aMlt, bi-pArt'- 


by Google 

Alte soil man chren, Junge soil 
man bekehren, weise soil man 
fragen, Narren vertragen. — 

I Honor the old, instruct the 

young, consult the wise, and 
bear with the foolish. 

A child must creep ere it learns 
to walk. 




It) a. that may bo diTidcd 
into tvo hkc part*. 

BiparUrion , ( bl-pfl r - tUh'iin) 
Tk.division into two parts. 

Biped, (brped)». an cnimal 
having two tc«t;— a. bip'o- 
d)iL [having two \riu;;s. 

Blpennatc, (bl-pen'nat) a. 

Binetalous, (b'-P«t'*-l"8) «• 
having two flowcr-eives. 

Biquadrate, (bi-kwod'rat) n. 
a quantity twice squared 
or raised to the fourth 
power in mathematicu}— a. 
Diquadraric (math.). 

Biradiate, (bi-rft'di-ftt) a. 
having two ray*, aa a nn. 

Birch, (berch ) n. a hardy and 
beautiful forest tree, vrith 
white, nmooth bark t a rod 
for chastisementj— a. birch 
or tirch'en, made of birch. 

Bird, (herd) n. one of the 
feathered race ; a fowl. 

Bird*»-cye, (:>erd'zl) a. eeen 
as if by a flying bird ; n. 
rapid glinco at, or cursory 
view of anytliinff. 

Bird-lime, (berd'llm) n. a 
glutinous substance by 
which to catch birds. 

Birth, (berth) n. tlie act of 
bearing or bringing forth, 
or of being born » the ofT- 
spring bom j onjjin i line- 
age ; rank by descent. 

Birthday, (betth'da) ?». an- 
niversary of one's birth. 

Birth-place, ( bertli'plas ) n. 

irthrlght, (berth'rit) n. the 
ilcge ■ ■ 

place where one is bom. 
Birthright, (berth 
privilege or rid . 
one is entitled by birth. 

privilege or right to which 

Biscuit, (fa^slcit) n. bread in 
the form of small cakes t 
unglazed earthenware. 

Bisect, (bl-sekf) v.t. to cut 
or divide into two equid 

Earts ;— n. biscc'tion j— PP**- 
isect'ing i—pp. biscct'cd. 

Bishop, (bish'up) n. the head 
of a aioce!>o : a prclrie. 

Bishopric, (hish'up-rik) n. a 
diocese ! the office and jur- 
isdiction of a bishop. 

Bismuth, (bis'muth) n. a 
briUh metal of a reddi!>h 
white color, u«5cd in the 
arta and in medicine. 

Bison, fbrron) n. a wild oni- 
m%\ like the hull.but larger, 
with deep shaggy h«iir,nna 
a hump on its shnulders. 

BUsextile, ( bis^oeks'til ) ii. 

every fourth year i leap 
year ; — a. of the leap-year. 

Biatre, (bik'ter) n. a paint of 
A deep brown color, made 
from the soot of wood. 

Bisulcous, (bt-Bttl'kus) a. 
having cloven hoofs. 

Bit, (bit) iu the iron of • 
• mor- 
sel I a 

r. f. to put the bit in the 
month of n horse, tc 

Bitch, ( bich ) n. the female 
of canine nnimnls. 

Bite, (bit; r.t. Iprtt. bitt 
pp. bitten 1 to seue or tear 
withrthc tcclh ; to sting or 
pain t to wound by re- 
proach;— it. oct of biting! f^ 
wound mode by the teeth 5 
something bitten off ; a 
mouthful 1 — ppr. rnd a. 
bit'ing, seizing with tlie 
t3ctht«everr, sarcastic. 

Bitor, (biter) «. drg that 
bites ; one who chcuts or 
defrauds iravenous fish. 

Bitterly, (bit'ter-li) at/.sharp- 
I7 t cruelly I fccvorcly. 

Bitter. ( bit'tcr ) a. sharp ; 
acrid ; miserable 5 severe. 

Bitterish, ( bit'ter-ish) a. 
somewhat bitter. 

Bitterness, (bit'ter-nes) n. a 
bitter taste t very great 
hatred 1 deep sorrow. 

Bitters, (bit'terz) ». drink 
made of bitter herbs, *c. 

Bitumen, (bi-ta'men) n. a 
name applied to various 
inHammable mineral sub- 
stances, as naphtha, petro- 
leum, asphaltum 1— a. bi- 
tu'minous ;—v. 1. bitft'mi- 
natc, to mix with or make 
into bitumen. 

Bivalve, (bi'valv) n. an ani- 
mal having a shell in two 
vcUvea^ or parts, like the 
ovstcr ; a seed vessel of 
like kind :— a. having two 
valves, or bivalvular. 

Bivouac, (bi-vo'ak) v. t. to 
watch, or b« on guard ; to 
pnss the nixht on guard. 

Bizarre, (bl-zaiO a* fantas- 
tical i odd : extravagant 

Blab, (binb) w. t. or i. to tell 
a secret ; to tattle x—n. one 
who bl«bs ; a tattler. 

Black, (bliik) a. that which 

is deslitute of light % dark ; 
cloudv ; dismal ; horrible ; 
— n. the darkest color, or 
tlio absence of color 1 a ne- 
gro ;— r. t. to make black ; 
— r. I. to grow blcck. 

Blackamoor, (blak'a^rooor)!!. 
a^egro;— a. dirty, or blnck. 

B1ac^«rt, (blok'art) n. mag- 
ic ; conjuration. 

BUck and blue, a braise^ 
skin.— /a black caul white, 
in writing t nimc«l. 

Blackball. ( bUik'bawl ) ». a 
composition for blacking 
shoes ;— 1>. t. to reject bT 
black ballot-balU. 

Black-berry, (bUk'ber-ri) n. 
the fruit of the bramble. 

Black-bird, (blok'berd) n. a 
singing bird, a species of 
thmsh.with black plumage 

Blackboard, (blak'b()rd) n. a 
board used for writing on 
with chalk, in teaching. 

Black-cattle, ( blakkat-l) n. 
pL oxen, cows, Ac, gen- 
erally of a black color. 

n. a tree, and its black col- 
ored fruit ! it is used in 
making useful preserves. 

Blacken. (bUik'kn) v. L U* 
make black ; to defame. 

BKick-friar, (blak'f rl-cr) n. a 
friar of the Dominican or- 
der, with black garments. 

Blackguard, (blak'gard) n. a 
low. vile fellow j a person 
of foul language ^-v. t. to 
revile in scurrilous terms ; 
— n. black'guardism » — a. 
bUck- mouthed, using fil- 
thy words t ril>4ld. 

BUcking, (blak'ing) n. a sub- 
stance nsed for blacking . 
leather, Ac. [black, f 

Blackish, (blaklsh) a. rather 

Black-lead, ( bkkled ) n. a 
mineral of a black color, 
used in making pencils 
and for blacking grates, ftc 

Blackleg, (blok'leg) n. a no- 
torious gambler and cheat 

Blaekletter. (bUklet-ter ) n. 
the old English or modem 
Gothic letter or character. 

Black. mail, (blsk'mftn n. 
money formerly paid to 
robber* for protection ; now 
used to denote money paid 
to seeure silenre or con- 
cealment of a charge, 
whether true or false, or 


by Google 

Animus hoc habet argumentum 
divinitatis suae, qtiod ilium di- 
▼ina delectant. — The soul has 
this proof of its divinity; that 

divine things delight it. — SsN- 


A babe in a house is a well- 
spring of pleasure. — ^Tupper. 




to purchase security from 
threateued exposure, pro- 
secution or persecution — 
colled "levying black- 
mail." ;— ti. black mailer. 

Blackness, (blak'nes>t. black 
color I wickedness ; ixifhU 

Blacksmith, (blak'smith; n. 
a smith that works in iron. 

Bladder, (blad'dcr)n. a ves- 
sel containing urine in the 
body; a blister ; a puKtule ; 
a bae distended with liquid 
or air ;— a. bladd'ery. 

Blade, (bl&d) n. a spire of 
grass : the cutting part of 
an instrument ; fTit-partof 
an oar ; the broad bone of 
the shoulder ;— a. blad'ed. 

Blain, (bUn) n. a boil ; a bli». 
tcr ; blotch ; an inflamma- 
tion ( ulcer, or tumor. 

Blamable, (blim'a-)>l) a. de- 
serving of blame or cen- 
sure f faulty ;— orf. blaM'- 
ably ',—n. blam'ableness. 

Blame, (bl&m) lu t. to speak 
so as to hurt or damage 
one X to censure t to find 
fault with ;— n. fault ; that 
which deserves censure:— 
ppr. b!itn'ing;-;jp. blamed'. 

Blrtinef ul. rblim'ful), blame- 
worthy, 'b!&m'wur-thi) a. 
faulty ; censurable. 

BlamcIcsH, (hl&m'lcs) a. in- 
nocent ; without fault i 
Gruiltless ;— ac/. blamc'less- 
ly ;— n. blams'Iessness. 

Blanch, (blansh) r. t.ifr t. to 
take tlie color out of and 
make white t to skin al- 
mon Is 5 to ?row white ;— 
ppr. blanch ' iiig t — pp. 
ulanched', whitened. 

Blancman^, (blo-m6nj') n. 
a preparation of isingiaas, 
milk, ftc, boiled. 

Bland, (blind) a. smooth ; 
soft t mild ; gentle i—nd. 
bland'Iv ;— n. oland'ncss. 

Blandishing. (bland'iHit-ing) 
fu flattering or soft words. 

Blan litthment, ( bland 'ish- 
ment) n. winninor expres- 
sions or fictions ; flatterv. 

Blank, (blangk) ^. white t 
pale ; confused, vacant : 
unwritten ; without rhyme, 
like blank verse :— n. void 
sonce ; disappointment; a 
ticket Ar lot ny which noth- 
ing ift gained t mark in cen- 
ter of a target, hence ob- 

ject aimed at ;-^. blank'- i 
nc:is* vacancy; »(. blankly! 

Blanket, (blougk'et) n. a 
woollen covering for a bed 
orforhoraes;— t'.t. tocoverj 
w. wet blank'et, a damper. 

BlanketluK. (blangk-et-ing) 
n. a toMUig in a blanket } 
stuff for making blankets. 

Blare, (biftr) v. u to roar ; to 
bellow ;— n. roar, noise. 

Blarney, (blar'ne)n. smooth, 
deceitful talk t peculiar to 
the Irish nation, and even 
to some American people, 
who are said to huve kitted 
the Wamey-Mone. 

Blaspheme, (blaa-fim') v. t 
to speak evil of ; to revfle 
God and sacred things \ to 
cuno and swear. 

Blasphemous, ( blas'fe-mus) 
a. full of blasphemy ; im- 
pious J— <id. blas'phcmously 

Blasphemy, (blas'fe-mi) n. 
irreverent words or wriU 
inu I profane spettking ;— 
». biasnhSm'er, swearer. 

Blast, (blast) ». a gust of 
wind ; sound of a wind 
instrument ; explosion of 

Srawder;any pernicious in- 
uence ; blight ; smelting 
of ore :— r. t. to cause to 
witheri to split with pow- 
der; to destroy; to ufect 
with sudden violence or 
calamitv; — n.ora. blasf ing 

Blatant, (bla'tant) a. bleat, 
ing ; bellowing ; talkative. 

Blaze, (blaz) v. U or i. to 
flame ; to make conspicu- 
ous I— n. a flame ; a stream 
of light from a burning 
body ; a blazon or whitt 
mark on the face of an 
animal or on a tree. 

Blaze,<b1as'A;a.palled i tut- 
f eited ; used up ; past the 
period of youthful energy 

Blating, (blftz'ing) a. flam- 
ing ; publishing ; making 
conspicuous x—pP' blftzed . 

Blazon, (bla'zn) v. t. to dis- 
play or set forth conspicu- 
ously ; to embellish ; — n. 
the art of heraldry : pub- 
lication ; pompous display; 
— p. a. blizon«d' ; — «, 
blaz'onry. heraldry. 

Bleach, (bl^h) r. I. or u to 
whiten ; to make or grow 
white ; to change a broWn 
or dirty color to white i— 

cpr. bleach'ing ;— 7)p. or a. 
ulcached ;— h. bleach'er. 

•Bleachery, (blich'Ci-:) a. a 
place ior bleaching. 

Bleak, <bl«k) a. open or un- 
sheltered ; cold ; cheerless; 
di-eary \—ad. b'eak'ly j- «. 
bleaVncM, cbiHinCMb 

.Blear, (bl«r) a. watery ; dim 
with rheum;— p. I. to make 
the eyes inflamed or sore, 
aa if from long weeping. 

Bleareyed, (bKr-ld) a. hav- 
ing watery or red eyes i 
imperfector perverted vis- 
ion (applied to ideas, &c.) 

Bleat, (br«)v. i. to erylike 
a siteep ;— n. sheep's ery. 

Bleating, (bl€ring) pp. or «. 
eryinff as a sheep ;— n. the 
ery of a sheep. 

Bh!b. (bleb) 11. cir-bubble, etc 

Bleed, (bled) v. i. [pret. and 
pp. bled] to let blood from 
a vein: to lose blood; to 
issue forth or drop as 
blood ; to extort money ^— 
ppr. V. and a. bleeding. 

Blemish, (blem'ish) v. t. to 
deform ; to mark with a 
blemish ; to tarnish ; to de- 
fame;— n. a deformity; dis- 
grace ; a fault ; a taint. 

Bleniished, (blem'i»ht) a. 
injured: disgraced : soiled. 

Blench, (blensh) v. t. or t. to 
shrink ; to i>tnrt back. 

Blend, (blend) r. I. to mix 
intimately ; to confound in 
a mass;— 1<. t. to be mixed ; 
—pjtr. and «. blend'ing j— 
pp. and a. blended. 

Blenny. (blen'ni) »• tribe of 
flsh of many varieties. 

Bleaa, (bles) v. t. to make 
joyous, happy or prosper- 
oiu ; to wish nappiness to : 
to praise; to invoke a bless- 
ing upon ; to consecrate. 

Blessed, f bles'ed) a. happy ; 
glad ; joyous ; happy in 
heaven, holy t n. the Htett. 

Blessedness, (bles'ed-nes) n. 
holiness ; happiness ; bliss. 

Blessing, (bles'ing) n. divine 
favor ; any means of hap- 
piness I a wish or prayer 
^or hanpiness or success. 

Blett,(blest) pp. mode happy; 
Bless us ! ex. of surprise. 

Blight, (bljt) n. a disease 
wliieh nips, blasts, or 
withers up ; mildow ;— v. t. 
to affect with blight ; to 


by Google 

Alterl. manu fert lapidem, alteri 
panem ostendat. — He carries a 
stone in one hand, and offers 
bread with the. other. — Plau. 

Altissima quseque flumina mini- 
mo sono labunttir. — The deep- 
est rivers flow with the least 
sound. — QUINTUS C. RUFUS. 





wither;— ppr. blighfing ;— 
pp. and a. blighted', 
.tnd, (blind) a. destitute of 
sight; dark; wenk; vrithout 
ju'isment ; ignorantv— r, t. 
to prevent from seeing ; to 
deceive ;— n. anything that 
hinders the sight, or mis- 
leads the eye or under- 
standing ; a screen or 
shade ; a deception. 

Blinded, (bllnd'ed) pp. or a. 

' deprivea of sight ; made 
obaeare ; without intellec- 
tual or moral discernment; 
—ppr. blind ' ing ; — ad. 
blind'lr, implicitly. 

Blindfold, (blind 'fold) a. 
litving the eyes covered ; 
thoughtless ; reckless ;— r. 
t. to cover the eyes ; mis- 
lead \—ra, blind'lolded. 

BHndness, (bllnd'nes) n. a 
want of diffht ; want of in- 
tellectual discernment. 

Blindside, (blind 'eld) n. 
weakness ; the side most 
assiilablc ; a fcible. 

Blink, (blingk) r. ». to wink; 
to shut the eyes partially ; 
to see darkly ;—y. t. to shut 
out of sight ; to tivoid or 
evade;— /)pr. and a. bliuk'- 
ing x—pp.. blinked' ;— n. a 
dazzling whiteness; a 
glimpse, glance or wink;— 
n. blink'er, a piece of leath- 
er on each side of a horse's 
headstall t a dodjcer. 

Bliss, (blis) n. the highest 
hsppmess ; blessedness. 

Blissful, (blis'ful) a. very 
happy; blessed; full of joy 
and felicity ;-a'i. bliss'fuUy 

Blissfulness, (blis'f ul-ncs) ». 
exalted happiness; felicity 

Blister, (blis'ter) n. a thin 
bubble or bladder on the 
skin ; that which raises 
blisters ; a pustule ; a tu- 
mor;— r. t. to raise blis- 
ters ;— p. t. to rise in blis- 
ters ; — vpr. blis'tering ; — 
pp. blis'tered. [blisters. 

Btistery, (blis'tcp.') a. full of 

Blithe, (bllth) a.happy;gay; 
' airy ; lovons ; sprightlv ;— 
tul. hlithe'lv ;— n. bUlhe'- 
ness ;— rt. blltlic'some. 

Bloat, (bldO V. t. to cause to 
swell ;— p. i, tn puff up ; to 
dilate :— nn. or a. bloat'ed. 

Bloater. (hl6t'er)». a herring 
dried in smoke. 

:hsom( •>/ X/ 
led ;«■.;■■ . 1 ?• ,: 

Block, (blok) n. a niece of \ 
w o o d^ oo .. f-i, 

which som( ' r / i? 
-thi , 
p i e c e o: 
w o o d i 1 

• lay runs ; 

heavy piece wi wuuu { * 
row of buildings ; an ob- 
struction ; a blockhead ;— 
V. t. to shut or stop up ; to 
obstruct ; to shape. 

Blockade, (blok'ad) ». a close 

siege; the blocking up of a 
place by surrounding and 
nemminr it in ;-^j. t. to 
surround with a force ; to 
block up by troops or 
ships ;— pnr. olockad'ing ; 
—pp. blockid'ed. . 

Blockhead, (blok'hed) n. a 
dull stupid fellow. 

Block-house, (blok'housj^n. a 
small military fortress. 

Blockish, (blok'ish) a. dull ; 
deficient of understanding 

Block-tin, (blok'-tin) n. pure 
tin as cast in blocks. 

Blonde, (blond) n. a person 
of fair complexion, with 
light hair ana blue eyes.— 
n. Blonde Itics, blond-col- 
ored lice made from silk. . 

Bloorl, (bind) n. the red fluid 
which circulates in the 
veins of all animals ; kin- 
dred ; race ; life ;— r. t. to 
stain with, or let bloo<l;— «. 
blood'ytstaincl with blood, 
cruel, murderous ; — ad. 
bloodily, cruelly. 

Bloodguiltiness, (blud'-gilt- 
i-ncs) n. the crime or guilt 
of shedding the blood of a 
fellow-creature unlawfully 

Blood-heat, (blud'het) n. the 
natural temperature of the 
blood, 93 degrees Fahr. 

Bloodhound, (blood'hownd) 
n. a fierce kind of dog with 
a keen scent, employed to 
track a wounded animal 
or a fugitive person. 

Bloodless, (blud'les) a. des- 
titute of blood ; innocent ; 
without life ;— a-f. blood'- 
lesslv, without bloodshed. 

Bloodshed, (blud'phcd) n. the 
shedding of blood ; — a. 
blood-thirsty, restless de- 
sire for shfcddinir blood. 

Bloodstone, (blud'stOn) n. a 

stone of a preen color witli 
red spots like blood. 

Blood-root, (blud'ioot) n. a 
plant named from its color 

Blood-shot, (blud'6!io'i)a.rcd 
and inflamed, an t'le eyes. 

Blood-sucker, (blud'sulc-er; 
n. a leech ; a cruel man. 

Blood-vesscl,(blud'ves-sel) n. 
an artery or vein. 

Bloom, (bloom) n. blossom 
of a tree or plant; the cpen- 
inff of flowers ; a glowing 
with freshness ; iron that 
has had the first hammer- 
ing ; the prime of life ; the 
flush on the cheek ;— r. t. 
or t. to yield blossom? ; to 
be in a state of youtli ; — 
€ulfs. bloom'ing, thriving 
with youth, health and 
beauty ;— bloom'y, full of 
bloom ; flowery t flourish- 
ing i— arf. bloom'inply. 

Bloomary, (MooTi'ar-e) n. the 
first forge for iron. 

Blossom, (Mos'uin) n. the 
corolla or flower of trees or 
plants ;— v. i. to put forth 
olossoms or flowers ; to 
bloom ; to flourish or pros- 
per ;-~ppr. blos'soining ;— 
pa. blor.s'omed, flnwei<-'l 

Blot, (blot) V. t.[pp. blottcdj 
to spot or stain ; to en ace : 
to ilcfstroy ; to dir'^racc ;— 
n. blur ; spot ; ; 
blemish :—<!i'ting. 

Blotch, (blocli) fi. a red spot 
or pustule o;i the skin. 

Blotter, (blot'er) n. a waste- 
book ; blot paper ; a hand- 
blotter, like Moore's, with 
a knob or handle, and a 
rounded or rocking under- 
surface covered with felt 
and blotting paper. 

B1ouse,(b*ooz; n. loose coat. 

Blow, (bl6) B. a stroke ; e 
knock ; a sudden bereave- 
ment or ealamitj' ; e?g cf a. 
fly ;— t'. t. or t. [j^rcf. blew ; 
pp. blown] to make a cur- 
rent of air ; to pant ; to 
bloswm ; to puff ; to drive 
by wind; to produce sound 


by Google 

Adde, quod iogenuis didicisse 
fideliter artes, EmoUit mores 
nee sinit esse fervos. — To be 
instracted in the arts, softens 

the manner, and makes mea 
gentle. — Ovid. 
A drowning man will catch at a 
straw. — Fuller. 






from wind instruments; to 
d-|)osit ens in:— n. blow'«r 

Ulo l-pipe, (blO'pip) n. 
for Diowing a 
C'jrrent of air 
through flame 
upon any sub* 

XUowze. (bloaz}ii. 
a ruddy, xaW 
faced woman t-^ 
a. blowzy. 

Blubber, (blub'er) < 
N. the fat of / 
whales and other^ 
large se:i animals ; vU dis- 
figure the face with noisy 
weeping t — ijpr. bhib'bcr- 
ins ;—/»;>. blub'bered. 

Bludgeon. ( blud'Jun ) m. a 
Khort thick stick, loaded. 

Blue, Cb\uy a. the color of 
the sky when unclouded ; 
one of the seven primary 
colors ; — 1». t, to dye or 
•tain blue t— n. blue ness i 
a. blui'sh. slightly blue. 

Bluebell. (blQIiel) n. a plant 
with blue belUhaped flow* 
era. esp. the harebell. 

Blue-boUle, (bloo-bofl) n. a 
plant with blue bottle- 
shaped flowers that grows 
among com i a large blue 
fly. (of spirits. 

Blues, (bias) n. ef. lowncss 

Bluestocking, (blu-stok'ing) 
M. a literary lady ; so called 
from a member of the lit- 
erary club alwaya appear- 
ing in blue stoclciugs. 

Bluff, (bluf ) a. big ; surly ; 
blustering:— n.a steep bank 
or high Dold rocky shore 
OTcrhanging the sea or a 
riTer :-a. steep like a bluff; 
— n. bluff'ness. surliness. 

Blunder, (blun'der) v. i, to 
mistake grossly; to stum- 
ble ;— V. 1. to mix up to- 
gether or confuse; — n. a 
gross mistake, or over- 
sight:— ppr. blun'deringt 
— ^;i. blun'dered. 

31undcrbu8. ( blun'der-bus) 
n. a short hand-cun. 

Blunderer, (blun'acr-er) n. a 
stupid blundering man. 

Blunt, (blunt) a. dull on the 
edge or point ; rough : out- 

- spoken; dull:— r. f. to dull; 

' to depress ; to wenken : to 
'" impair t—jipr. bhinfing:— 
1 jftp, Wunred;— a</. bluntiy 


Bluntness, (blunt'nes) n. a 
want of edge ; rudeness. 

Blur, (blur) li. a blot : spot ; 
stain ; — r. t. to ob^^ure 
without quite effacing; to 
stain, darken, spot:— upr. 
blurr'ing ;— />p. blurred'. 

Blurt, ( blurt) v. t. to utter 
suddenly or unadvisedly i 
to throw out at random :— 

i\>pr. blurfing:-f>o. blurfed 
ush, (blush) V. t. to redden 
in the face ;— n. a red clow 
on the cheek caused by 
shame, modestr. or con- 
fusion ; any reddish color : 
sudden appearance \—ppr. 
blush'ing x—pp. blushed' ; 
—ad. blu«h'ingly. 

Bluster, (blus'ter) v. t. to 
roar like a loud wind ; to 
Bwa^er; to bully ;—p.,a. 
blus'tering ;— j>p. blus ter- 
ed 5— », a roar ; tumult ; 
boaxt 5 swagger ; bullying 
or bombastic language. 

Bo, (bu> ex. a word used to 
frighten children. 

Boa, (bO'a) n. a genus of ser- 
pents ; a long nerpent-h'le 
f>iece of fur worn round 
he neck by ladies. 

Boar, (b6r) tlic inalcof swine 

Board, (bdrd) n. a |;>icce of 
timber sawed thm and 
broad ; a table i food t • 
council ; persons seated 
around a table; the deck of 
a ship:— r. t. or t. to lay 
with Doards ; to enter a 
•hip by force ; to rcecive 
food or take meals ;— ;»/»r. 
board'ing;— p;j. board'ed. 

Boarding, (bdrd'ing ) n. act 
of covering with boards ; 
the covering itself ; art of 
boarding a ship ; food aud 
lodidng :— n. board'er. 

Bnarish. (be-^ifhlo. swinish; 
bruta! I cruc! j ill-manuered. 

Boast, ( bdst) v. t. or i. to 
speak ostentatiously t to 
talk vaingloriously i to 
brag »— n. on expression of 
pride or anger ; the cause 
of boastinf; ;— ;i. boasf cr. 

Boastful, (bOst'fuDa. full of 
brag ; vain ; — ad. boasf- 
fully x—H. boasrfulness. 

Boasting, (besfinp) n. brag- 
ging ; glorying ; pretend- 
ing i—fid. Hoasringly. 

Boif, (bat) ». a *mafl open 
vessel moved by oars ; a 

•mall ship :— p. (. or i. to 
e. nvey or go in a boat. 
BoaUble. (bOTa-bl) a. navi- 

{table with boats ;— «. boaf- 
ng, the art or practice of 
sailing in boatt; yachting ; 
n. boat'man, sailor. 
Boatswain, (b6t'sw*n> h. an 
ofllcer in a ship, who looks 
after the bont«, sails, rig- 

ging, seamen. *c. 

Bob, (bob) H. anything that 
plays loosely ; a blow ; a 

short wig;— r. t. to move 
with a jerk ; to beat ; to 
cheat; io mock;— r. L to 

play loosely ; to dangle ; to 
fish with a bob j- raw. 
bobbing x—pp. bobbed'. 

Bobbin, (bob'bm) n. a pieee 
of wood on Which round 
tape thread i!< wound. 

Bobhinet, (bob-in-«r) n. a 
sort of lace. [wig. 

Bohwiff. (bob'wig)ti. a short 

Bode, (bOrl) v. t. or i. to pre- 
sage ; to foreshadow ; to be 
an omen of good or evil ;— 
ppr. bdd'ing ;—pp. bOd'ed; 
— ». an omen or portent. 

Bodice, (iKxl'is) n. a aort.of 
stays for women. 

Bodiless. (bod'i-Ies) a. with- 
out body ; spiritual. 

Bodily, (bod*!-!!) a. relating 
to the body ;—ad. all in a 
body .completely, in person 

Bodkin, (bodkin) n. an in- 
strument to bore holes or 
for dressing the hair ; a 
Urge blunt needle. 

Body, (bod'i) n. the whole 
trunk of an animal or tree: 
person; main part; a innss; 
a number of i>ersons, etc. ; 
spirit in liquor ; a system. 

Bodyguard, (bod'i-gard) n. a 
guard of the person. 

Bo<lv-Politic. (bodi-pol'l-tik) 
M. collective body of people 
in tivoUtieal capacity. 

Bog. (bog) n. a ten or mo- 
rass ; a clump of grass or 
sod in a ninrass;— a. bogg'y 

Bocgle. (bog'l) V. i. and t. to 
doubt ; to hesitate as from 
fear of a specter:— 1». bo'gle 

Bog-ore, (bog 'ore) n. ore 
found in swamps or fens. 

Bohea. (bn-hi') n. a eotfse 
low-nHced black tea. 

Boil, (boil ) n. a sore iwel- 
ling;-v. I. to bubble through 
haat ; to be hot t to be agi- 


by Google 

Atbores sent diligens agrricola, 
quanim adspiciet bac<;ain ipse 
numquam. — The diligent farm- 
er plants trees, of which he 

himself will never see the f rait. 
— Cicero. 
A dog in the manger neither eats 
nor lets others cat. — Port. 




tated:— V. /.to cause to boil; 
to dress or cook in any 
boiled liquid \-~pj>r. boil'- 
ing ;—>)/}. or a. boiled*. 

Boiler, (boiler; n. a vessel 
for boiling ;one who boiU. 

Boisterous, (bois'ter-us) a. 
violent ; noisy ; turbulent » 
stormy ;-ra'/. boisterously; 
— n. bois'terousncss. 

Bold, ( bold ) a. dauntless < 
daring; brave: having 
courage; impudent: 8tana> 
ingout to view; steep;— at/. 
boTii'ly*—/!. boldness. 

Bold-faced, (bold'fftst) a. Im- 
pudcntf— <!., n. black type. 

Bute, (bole) it. tlie round 
stem or body of a tree. 

Boll, (bol) n. a pod : a seed- 
ve»scl ;— I'. I. to foi ni into 
a round pod ;—/•?>. boiled'. 

Bolster, (Ddt'tttcr) n. a long 
pillow for a bed ;—'.'. t. to 
pad ; to sup}x>rt with a bol- 
ster ; to hoM up. 

BoUtering. ( bol'ster-ing) vr. 
supportin;; ; holding up. 

Bolt, (bolt) n. bar of a door ; 
an arrow ; I igUtnin;::— f. /. 
to fasten : tu »if t ; to utter, 
throv. or swallow hastily ; 
—V. I. tp leave suddenly ; 
ru»h out :— n. a partv split , 
n>r. bdlf'ing ; pp. b'dU'ed. 

Bolter, (bolt'er) n. a sieve to 
separ^^ flour from bran ; 
a acrateA«;',or dexerter of 
h\h party at elections. 

fioluit, ('i>d1-.»«) M. a medici- 
nal mass lai-ger than n nill. 

Bondb, (bum>M. a large noU 
Jow ball or 
ajteil of 
iron, fillnd 
with {K>w- 
der, to be 
from • 
niortir, so 
M to ex- 
plode when it fall? ; stroke. 

BomUiird, (bum-ba.d) i;. t. to 
attack with tMntbs, shells, 
shot, ftc, thrown from 
-mortars, hnmb^ or guns ;— 
r/jr. bombard 'iiig'; — ;)ii. 
Dombard'ed;— H. bombard- 
ment ;— n. bombardier.' 

Bombazine, ( hum-ha - z«n') 
n. a black twilled fabric of 
silk and worsted, princi- 
pally used for nioMrnin!r. 

Bombast, (bum^bast) k. hi«rh 

sounding words ;— a. con- 
sisting ot swelling words. 

Bombastic, (bum-basfik) a. 
inflated ; high sounding. 

Bomb-ketch, (bum'kcch) n. 
a ship to carry bombs. 

Bona-flde. (bd-na-fi-dfi)a. in 
good faith, really, trulv. 

Bond, ( bond ) it. anything 
that bmds ;— r. f. to secure 
by bond ;— «. in a state of 
slavery ; captive;-/*, bonds'- 
man, one bound as surety 
for another, or himself. 

BondHgc,(bond'aj) rt.slavery ; 
captivity; state of restraint 

Bonded, (bond'ed) a. lying 
under bonds to pay duty. 

Bondman, (bund'man; n. a 
man slave ; —fern, b Jnd'- 
m viil. bond'woman. etc. 

Bonn, (bo'.i) n. the hard sub- 
stance forming the skele- 
ton of an animal : a piece 
of bono ;— tn t. to take out 
bones from Utc flesh, as in 
cookeiy :—ppr. b&n'ing ;— 
pp. hone r. rs turkey. 

Bonoset, (bO^i'bCt) n. a bitter 
herb used for medicine. 

Done-setter, (bOn'»et-ter) n. a 
nun that sets b'xiken hones 

fi(>iic-i>pavin, ( bOn'-spav-in) 
II. n Iwny excreRCcncc on a 
horse's hough (hok). 

Bonfire, (bon^ir) ii. a rejoic- 
ing tire for triumph. 

Bon-mot, (bong'mfi) n. a 
wiUy speech ; a jest. 

Bonnet, (bon'net)M. a cover- 
in.t; for the head : head- 
dfesR, liat, cap, etc., worn 
by females. 

Benny, (bon'nc) a. hand- 
so:ne ; bMuliiul ; gav ; 
blithesome i—aJ. bon'nily. 

Bonus, (buTi'u^) n. a premi- 
um i!i addition to interest 
on n loan, cr an extra divi- 
dend to shareholder!;. 

Bony, (boni) a. full of 
bones : strong ; stout. 

Booby, (boo'bi) n. a dunce ; 
a dull fellow : a stupid fel- 
low ; a water-bird allied to 
the pelican, remarkable 
for its apparent stupidity. 

Book, (booK) n. a volume to 
read or write in ;— i;. t. to 
enter in a book: ;»r».bookcd' 

Book-binder, (book'btnd-cr) 
n. one who binds bonks. 

Bnokcsne, ( book'kis i n. a 
cise for holding liooks. 

Bookish, (book'ish) a. fond 
of books; eiven to reading; 
— «. booK'lcss, without 
books ; unlearned. 

Book - keening, ( book ' kSi>- 
ing) It. tlie art of keeping 
accounts in a regular and 
systematic manner ; — ns. 
book' -account, credits or 
debits in a ledger, &c. ; 
hook'keeper, an account- 
ant, or merchant's clcrK. 

Book-learning, ( book'lem'- 
ing) II. acquaintance with 
books; learning from bocks 
rather than experience. 

Bookseller, (book'scll-er) ». a 
pcrsoa who sells new and 
old books I a merchant. 

Bookworm, (book'wurm) fi. 
a close ittudent; a worm 
that eats holes i.i books. . 

Boom, (bwmi) ii.{i spar to ex- 
tend the bottom of a sail ; 
a chain or cable across a 
river ; — v. t. to roar ; to 
swell ; to cry. as the bit- 
tern: to rush with violence, 
as a s!ii') under sail '.—n. ft 
sudden n«i »u v inpri. tat. 

Bomerang, (bom'c-i-nng) u. a 
hard-wood minsile used by 
the n-\tives of Australia, 
shaped like the segment 
of a circle, so that when 
thrown to a distance, it re- 
turns towards the thrower. 

Boon, (boon) a. gav ; merry ; 
kind ; liberal ; cheerful ;— 
n. a gift ; a favor ; answer 
to a prayer or petition. 

Boor, ( boor ) n. a clown ; 
countryman ; a rustic; any 
coarse ornwRward person. 

Boorish, (boor'ish) a. clown- 
ish; rustic; rude; illiterate, 

Booi-ishriess, ( boor'ish-ncse) 
n. coarseness of manners ; 
rusticity ; clownishness. 

Boosy, (boo'zi) a. intoxi- 
cated ; merry with drink- 
ing liquor ; fuddled. 

Boot, (boot) r, t. to pwfll ; to 
put on boots \—n. a cover- 
ing for the foijt and legs ; 
a Dox or r^cejitaclc in a 
coach: an old instrument of 
torture for the legn; n. ad- 
vantage: profit? --j)l. boots. 

Bootlu ( booth ) n. a slight 
temporary shelter : a stall. 

Bootjsck. (hoot'jnk) n. an 

implement for pulling off- 

• Ivwts ; — w s. bnot ' tree, • 


by Google 

A beautiful and chaste woman 
IS the perfect workmanship of 
God, the true glory of angels, 
the rare miracle of the earth. 

and sole wonder of the world. 
— Hermes. 
A distended stomach never nour- 
ishes a sprightly mind. 




mould to widen the Itg of 

■ boot I bootee', a half boot 
Bootless, (boofiea) n. un- 

proStabK! t useleta t uua- 

Yaiiiug;— acf. boot'lcs«!y t 

—n. boof lewnesd. 
Booty. ( boon; n. pillage i 

plunder « spoil ; proQt. 
Bo-peep, (bd-pep') n. a play 

among children. 
Boraerc. (bdr'aO the name of 

a ^nt ; buclou. 

Borax, (bd'rakt) ii. a shlninflr 
mineral salt used for sold- 
ering, and also iu medicine. 

Border, (itoKdec^ n. an cdget 
boundaiy :— v. t. or i. to 
make or adorn with a bor- 

2er i to approach to or 
mch i—ppr. boi^dering ;— 
pa. bor'dered , edited. 
Borderer, (bor'der-er) n. one 
who dwells on the border. 
Bore, (bdr) r. t. to bite or 

Eiercc with an instrument; 
> make a hole in ; to weary 
by ceaseless repetition ;—r. 
t. to penetrate by boring ; 
— n. a hole made by borine; 
a tiresome person ; the di- 
mensions of the cavity of 
a ^n ( the sudden rise of 

^ th« tide in a river or estn- 
arr, which is accompanied 
with a loud noise \—ppr. 
bdr'ing ;—pp. bored'. 

Boreal, ( bd're-al ) a. north- 
em ; pertaining to the 
north, or north-wind. 

Boreas, (bd're-as) n. the 
bellowing north wind. 

Borecole, (bdr^kol) n. a spe- 
ciea of cabbage. 

Bom, (bom) pp. of Bear, to 
bring forth i existing. 

Borne, fbdm) pjK ot Bear, 
earned ; supported t con- 
veyed. Tporate town. 

Borough, f bur6) n. a cor- 

Borrow, (bor'd) v. t. to take 
by consent to use and re- 
turn the same, or an equiv- 
alent ; to obtain from an- 
Otlieron loan or credit: to 
adopt an autlior's words 
or style. — h. borrower ;— 
ppr. por'rowing »— pp. bor*- 
rowed \ 0. f cb'f ioni". . 

Boaeage, (boc'kaj) n. under- 
wood: thick foliage; thick- 
et: o. bo»'k\i. bushy: shady. 

Bosh I ear., n. silly nonsense. 

Bosom, (boo' sum) n. (he 
breast of a human being 

or the port of the dress 
which covers itt-^. the 
•eat of the nansiobs and 
operations of the mind \ 
the heart; the interior; ony 
receptacle or enclosure ;— 
V. t. to conceal ; to keep 
with care ;— a. intimate : 
coniidential ipu. bu Miaied. 

Boss, (boe) n. a stud ; knob ; 
raised work ; n master ; au 
employer of Ut>or; a name 
for the buffalo ;— n. bossy, 
a familiar numo for a calf. 

BosKcd. (host) a. ornamented 
with bo!(sc8 ; povemcd. 

Botanic, (bo-tan'ik) a. rclat* 
in;; to plants, or extracts of 
herbs uked in medicine. 

Botanist, (bot'an-ist) n. a 
person akilk'd in plants. 

Botanize, (bot'an-Iz) r. i. to 
search forand collect spec- 
imens of different plants. 

Botany, (bot'a-ni } n. tliat 
branch of natural history 
that treats of plants. 

Botch, (](>och) n. a swelling; 
a person who botches or 
spoils anything ; work ill- 
finished ; — r. t. to patch, 
mend, or do a thing clum- 
sily:— a. botch'y ; — nnr. 
botcii'int x—pp. botched'. 

Both, (bOtii)a. andi;ron. the 
two; the one and the other 

Bother, (Woth'cr) r. t. to tease 
or perplex x—ppr. both'er- 
Ing i—pp. both'ered. 

Bots, (bota) M. />/. "worms in 
the inte^ines of horses. 

Bottle. ( boti ) ti. A hollow 
glass V4^el for holding 
fiquids; the contenU of it ; 
—V. t. to pat into bottles;— 
ppr. botf ling;— ;>p. bott'lcd 

Bottom, (bot'uni) ». the low- 
est part; 'the ground under 
water ; that on which ony- 
thinff rests or is founded : 
a Talley ; dregi ; a ship ;— 
t». t. furnish with or to 
reach bottom;— r. i. to rest 
upon the bottom ; — ppr. 
bot'toming!— pp. bottomed' 

Bottomless, (bot'uni.- Ics) a. 
fathomless; endless depth. 

Bottomry, (bot'um-ri) It. the 
act of borrowing money on 
the pledge of a ship. 

Boudoir, ( boo ' dwar ) ti. a 
small room where one may 
retire to be alone ; a lady's 
prirate room. 

Bough, (bow) M. branch of a 
tree I arm or lan^ ktiovt 

Bought, (bawt)pre(. wa^pp. 
of JJuy, purchased. 

Bougie, (buo'zhO) ». a wax 
candle I a surgical instm- 
ment for bladder, [rock. 

Boulder, f bowl'dr) n. a large 

Bounce, (oouns) v. i. to leap; 
to spring; to boast or bully; 
— n. a leap ; a sudden noise 
or heavy blow ; a boast ; a 
lie \—ppr bounc'ing \—pp. 
bounced', (bully ; a he. 

Bouncer, (bouns'er) ti. a 

Boimd, (bound ) r. t. or i. to 
limit ; restrain ; to fprini:; 
to surround ;— a. destined ; 
goingto i—iijir. bounding; 
-/>/>. bounded' ;— «. a liui- 
it; a spring; a leap. 

Boundarv, (hound'a-ri) n. a 
limit ; bound ; barrier. 

Bounden, (bound'eu) a. neC" 
essary ; obligatory. 

Boundles«,(bound'le8)n. un- 
limited ; vast ;— n. bound'- 
lessness, without bounds. 

Bounteous, ( boun'te-ns) a. 
liberal ; kind ; willing to 
l)estow:— m/r9. boun'tcous- 

. . ly, bouri'tifnlly;— n.t.ljoun'- 
tcotisness, boun'tifulness. 

Bountiful. (boun'te-ful> a. 
free; generous; benevolent 

Bounty, (boun'ti ) h. liberal- 

;. ity in giving ; the gift be- 

•1 stowed; a premium: a sum 
of money offered t«> enter 
the amiy, &c. i grace. 

Bouquet, (boo-ka', boo'kS)>i. 
a bunch of flowers. 

Bourbcn, (boor-bon) »i, kind 
of wliiskcy, named from 
t'le county in Kentucky, 
U. S., where it on|E;inatea ; 
also, a political de8i<:nation 
applied to any old-fash- 
ioned party which nets un- 
mindful of past experience 

Bourgeois, (bur-jois') n. a 
small printing type : (f>.) 
bourgeoisie, (boorzh-waw'- 
ze) the common people or 
middle claMCs. 

Bourgeon, (bur'jun) v. t. to 
put forth buds ; to prow. 

Bourne, (boom) >i. a bound ; 
limit ; the next world. 

Bourse, (boon*) n. a French 
merchants' Exchange. 

Bout, (bout) n. a turn : trial; 
debauch. [ing to cattle. 

Bovine, (bfllrln) «. pertain- 


by Google 

,A blembh may be taken out of a 
diamond by careful polishing:; 
but if your \w)rds have the 
least blemish, there is no way 

to eflFacc it. (Chin«c.)— Cow- 


A desperate disease must have a 
desperate cure. 




Bow, (bow) V. t. and t. to 
bend down i to talut* i to 
snbdue t to yield i n. an act 
of rcTtrence or reapeet, etc 

Bow. (b6) N. an invtrument 
to shoot arrows > anything 
of a curved shape, as the 
rainbow; window; a tddle- 
Btick I fore of a ship t a 
yoke I— a. shaped like an 
arch: ai»ur'leo0e(/,crooked 
as knees eurrmg out i—n$, 
bowtt-knife, k>ng $tiMntg 
blade. lir»t used by CoT. 
Bowie, a n<^orious duellist, 
(South U. 8.) I bowline, 
rope to hold a sail to the 
wind I boufman, leading 
oaraman i bow'faWt tool to 
curre board edges i bonf' 
$hot, a short space ; arruw'a 
flight I bov'MirtV, spar slop- 
ing from the nead of ships t 
6our'<trtMg,(of a bowkacord 
used for strangulation in 
Turkey < bow-window, a 
semi-circular one. 

Bowlder, (boi'der) m. a roek. 

Bowels. (bowli)N.i>). the in- 
testines ; interior ports of 
body;^. the heart! pity. 

Bower, (bow'er) n. an arbor; 
an anchor x a term in oards. 

Bowery, (bow'er-i) a. shady. 

Bowl, (bti) n. a deep vessel t 
the round, hollow part of 
anything; a wooden ball 
for rolling along the 
ground ;— V. f. or t. to play 
at bowls ; to roll along like 
a bowl to throw at cricket 

Bowling-green. n. level piece 
of ground for bowling ; the 
Battery off N. York island. 

Box. (boks) n. a tree remark- 
able for the hardness and 
smoothness of Its wood ; a 
wooden case ; the contents 
of a box I blow on the ear ; 

Bnvate seats in a theater: 
ie driver's sent on a car- 
riage:— r. I. or i. to put in 
a box ; to strike with the 
hand; to flsrnt with the 
fists ; — ppr. box'ing {— ppw 
boxed? t—n. box'er. 

Bojt (hoy) II. a male ehild ; 
-a. Doykh, ehikiish. trif- 
fling ;-ac/. bAyinhly i— it. 
bAylih'QeM t— n. tXtjThood, 
youth ; adoleseence. 

Bojreotting. (-koting) n. hi 
ihtlaiKf, a league among 
ttaaats not to Tease prem> 

ises from which any tenant 
has been et'irted— hence, 
intimidation; social excom- 
munication ; con«piraey of 
discharged hands not to 
buy from dealers the warea 
of, or to work for offending 
empk>yera r— V. t. Boycott, 
(name of Irish land agentX 
undermine one's business, 
and thus bring him to tcnna 

Brace, (brfts) n. that which 
holds; a scran; a pair or 
coupl.>; a mark in printing 
connecting two or more 
words or lines (<%A^);~in 
pi. straps that hold up the 
trousers: ropes lor turning 
the vards of a ship ;— v. f. 
to tighten ; to make Arm ; 
to strengthen ^ppr. or a. 
brae'ing. binding, etc;— 
pp. btieed'. strengthened. 

Bracelet, (brislet) a. an or- 
nament for the wrist. 

Brack, (brik) a. a dug for 
tracking game ; a bitch. 

Bracket, (Grak'et) n. a con- 
trivance for holding things 
together;- a support for 
something fastened ta a 
wall i—ul. marks, thus ( ]. 
for inclosing words ;— p. t. 
to put within brackets; to 
l^ce on brackets t—pnr. 
Drack'eting; mt. brack'eted 

BraekUh, (braVUh) a. rath- 
er salt I— M. brackishneaa. 

Brset, (brakt) u. an irregu- 
laHy developed laai ^-a 
brac'teal. having bracts. 

Brad, ( brad ) «. a slender 
headless nail ; a brad-awl. 

Brag, (brag) v. t. to tKMwt : to 

xer ; — N. a boast or 

;ing t thing boasted ; - 
ppr.hng-f^ingiop. bragged' 

Braggadocio, (brsg-a-dA- 
shi^) a. a boasting, ignor- 
ant fellow : empty bluster. 

Braggart, (brac'art) a. a vain 
boaster;— a. boastful. 

Brahma, 'bri'ma) au a Hin- 
doo god ;— a. breed of hens. 

Brahmin, (bra'niin) a. a per- 
son of the highest easte, or 
a prfest among the Hin- 
dus;— a. brA'minicaL 

Braid, (hrftd) v. t. to weave 
together : phut ; fold;— a. a 
string, cord, or other text- 
ure; a sort of lace : edging; 
"Ppr. braiding;— pf». or 
o. Draid'edt interwoven. 

ftwaiwer ; 

Brain, (br&n) it. soft nervous 
substance within the skull: 
tlie seat of sensation and 
intellect t the intellect ;— 1>. 
t. ij dash out the brains of. 

Braiu-lever, (bran'fc-ver) a. 
iiiflamxnation of the brain. 

BrainlccM, (brau'lcs) a. with- 
out undcriitanding ; silly. 

Bminpan, (br&n'pan) a. tue 
skull contidning brains. 

6r.iiu-«>ick,(bran^sik)a. dis- 
eased in the intellect. 

Brake, (brik) a. a thicket of 

. shruiw. ferns or bru;rs : in- 
strunicnt for d;-eafling flai^: 
a bit for horses ; handle of 

, a pump ; an instrument 
for retarding the motion 
of wheels, on railways, ftc. 

Bnkeinaiu ( br&k'man ) %■ 

. one who maneges the 
brake on railroads . 

Brakv. (brek-i) n. full of 
brakes ; rou;;h ; thorny. 

Bianiblc, ( bram ' bl ) a. a 
prickly plant, or shruh. 

Bran, (unm) a. the outer 
coats of grain separated 
from the fipur by grinding 

Branch. (branah)M. a limb; 
a bough ; the shogt^ of a 
tree or plant from thu 
main stem, or from an- 
other branch ; a stream en- 
teiing a larger one t a di- 
vision of a subject, ftc. I— 
V. t. or f. to divide into 
shoots or distinct parts ; to 
ramify ; to fork ; — ppr. 
branch'iiig:-«p. branched'. 

Branchless. ( bransli'lcs ) a. 
havincrno branches ; naked 

Branchlct, (bronshlct) n. a 
little branch or division. 

Branchy, (bransh'i) a. full 
of wide-spread branches. 

Brand, (brand) r. f. to bum 
with a hot iron ; to fix a 
mark of infamy upon ;— 
N. a burnt piece of wood ; 
a waviBffsword that glitters 
as if it flamed ; an iron to 
bum the fifTure of letters ; 
mark burnt ; a stigma ; — 

«^r. brRnd*ing i—pp. or a. 
raiul'ecl, i4i|ein«iuied. 
Brandish, (brandish) v. f. to 
raise; to wave; to snake; to 
flotjri^h. as a sword \—ppr. 
bcandish'in^ ;— pn- brand'- 
ishcd }— M. o wovinjr. 
Brandy, (bran'di; n. a spirit 
distilled from wine, teu 


by Google 

Casus vbique valet: semper tibi 
pendeat hamus quo minime 
credas gurgite, piscis erit.~ 
Luck affects everything; let 

your hook always be cast ia 
the stream; when you least ex- 
pect it there will be fish. — Ov. 
All venture, all lose. 




Brauur. (bran'i) a.' comiiit- 
ins ot. or like bnm. 

Brant, (brant) u. a Mrild fowl 
of tbe goose kind. 

Draiscr, (br&'zher) n. one 
who works in br&m ; a pan 
for holdtiisr eoalt. 

BroM, (bras) a. an tSay of 
copper and line, of a ycl- 
k>w e(dor; impudence j—a. 
braa^y,of or hard as brasit; 
braze n-ifaccd t saucy. 

Brat, (brat)«. * child, (wit/.) 

Bravado, (bra-va'do) ♦*. a 
boastful threat; braff. 

Brave, (brav) a. coura^ons; 
gallant ; noble:— p. t. to ca- 
comitcrvrith firmness; to 
defy ^-n. an Indian vr&r- 
riorj a brave man;— a;/. 
hncvtrlji-^tjir. braving;— 
pp>. br&vcd , defied. 

Bravery, (briVer-i) n. cour- 
age; heroism; valor; dauut- 
lessnosH; intrepidity; a dia- 
play of courage. 

Bnivo, (bril'vo) ». a daring 
villjlu; a bahdit ; au assas- 
sin ;—excla. well done 1 

Bravura, (bra-voo'ra) ». 
< mus. ) soni[;« requi inj: 
great spirit and volubility. 

Brawl, (brawl) v. {. to make 
a loud noise t to scold ;~ii. 
a qiuarrcl ; squabble ; a 
great noise ;—ppr. brawl'- 
fng i-^fp, brawled' ; — a. 
l^wVir, a wrajiBler. 

Brawn, (brawn T i. a boar's 
or swine's ilcsh ; a mxiscu- 
lar parti muscularstrcngth 

Brawny, (brawn'i) a. fleshy; 
bulky ; stron? ; firm. 

Bray, (bra) r. t. to beat ; to 
pound in a mortar ;—v. i. 
to make a harsh noise ;— 
m. cry of an ass;— npr. ap.d 
n. bray'ing i—rp. Drr.ycd'. 

Brayer, (hrd'cr; n. one who 

' b.-ays like au acs ; an in- 
strument to grind or spread 
ink in printing. 

Braze, (br&z) r. I. to cover 
or EoI'Jer with brass;— ^j>r. 
andn. brftz'ing. 

Brazen, (br&'zn) a. made of 
brass; impudent; bold i—v. 
i. to be impudent; to bully; 
—H. braz'cnness. 

Bra zcnf aeed. ( bra' zn-fist) a. 
impudent; bold to excess. 

Broach, (hrieh) n. an. open- 
ing; a rupture ; a breaking 
Off 1dw,'fte. ; a quanicl. 

Brcachy, (bricUi ) n. apt to 
break fences; unruly. 

BrcaO. (bred) n. food made 
of flour or mecl ; provLt- 
iuns in general ; livelihood 

Breadtituil, (bred'stuf) a. 
wheat, oats, ry corneal, tc, 
of w!iich bread ts made ;— 
pi. bread's tufts, cereals. 

Bread-fruit-tree, (bred'f root- 
tre> a. a t.-ee growing in 
the South Sea Iilnnds, 
winc!i prodnce:} afruittliat 
is roasted for bread. 

Breadth, (brcdth) n. extent 
f ro'.n side to side ; width. 

Break, (brik) v. f. and i. 
[pret. broke i on. broke, 
broken] to part i>y force ; 
to bunt, rend or shatter ; 
to crush; to violate ; to sep- 
arate ; to burst forth ; to 
fall out ; to time ; to make 
or become bankrupt t to 
dawn, OS the dzy » to lose 
health;— /»pr. breaking;- 
». state of being broken ; 
a -pause or interruption ; 
an opening » failure. 

Breakage, (brak'aj) n. allow- 
ance for thi;ig3 broken. 

Breaker, (b.-ak'cr) a. that 
which or one who breaks ; 
wa\ces broken on t!ie beach. 

Breakfast, (brek'fast) ;i. the 
first meal in tha day ;— v. i. 
to eat the first meal in the 
day j— i;. t. to furnish with 
breakfast ; — ppr. break' - 
fasting ;— pi>.break'f astcd. 

Breakwater, (brftk'waw-te:) 
II. a wall or mole at the en- 
trance of a harbor to break 
the force of the waircs. 

Bream, (bre.-;i)r. /.to cleanse 
a sliip'a bottom ;— a. a fish. 

Breast, (brcr.t>». t'le part of 
t!}e body between tlic neck 
and t!ie boHy ;— /j. eon- 
science : disposilion; a&'cc- 
ttons ; — r. t. to meet in 
front, and oppose ;— /^pr. 
breast'ing i—pp- breastfed. 

Br3a3t-plr.te, ( l>rcst'plut ) n. 
defensive armor for tlie 
breast t a folded piece of 
cloth worn by the Jewish 
hi^ priest : n.oral defence. 

Breast-work, (brest'wurk) a. 
a-ijarapet for defence. 

Breath, (brctU) ». the air 
drawn in and expelled 
from the lungs in respira- 
tion t a single breatliing or 

the time it occupies i-^Jli/- 
life; a pause ; an instant; a 
gentle breeze r a whisper. 

Breathe, (bretli) r. i. to draw 
into and ex;;cl air from 
the lungs ; to respire ; to 
live » to re-jt i to utter softly 
or in private t to infuse by 
breathing ; to givevent to ; 
—pp. breathed , exercised. 

Brcatliing, (brttli'ing)». res- 
piration ;cxlialin^; venting 

Brcatliless. (brcth'tes) a. out 
of breath ; silent with la- 
bor ; dead ?— n. brectliless- 
ness ;—<t(l. breath'Icisly. 

Bred, (brcd)>>re/. and pp. of 
Breed; brought up. 

Breecht (brSchi a. the lower 
pnrt of the body behind ; 
hinder part of a gun, l:c. 

Brecchcs,(b:'cc!i'ez) n. a gxu"- 
mcnt worn over the lower 
part of the body ; t.-ouscrs. 

Breech-loader. (Urcch-lOd-cr) 
n.a flrc-c.-in that receives 
its charge at the breceh in- 
stead of the muzzle. 

Breed, (bred) i*. I. or i. [pret. 
and pp. b.-vdj to produce ; 
to generate ; to hatch ; to 
cause or ncca&ion ; to train 
or bring up ;— n. oftspringi 
I»rogcny ; kind ; a brood : 
m. oreeaer, grower; source. 

Breeding, (bred'ing) ». % 
bringing up ; education ; 
iiurtore:training( manners 

Breeze, (briz) a. a gentle 
wind : a wind at sea that 
often rises suddenly; a fuss 

Breezy, (br€z^) a. fanned 
with or subject to breezes. 

Brethem, (breth'ren) m. pL 
of Brothert, (scriptural;. 

Bretticet. (brerti-s4^z) n. r>L 
wooden supports for tno 
roof of a uoal-mme to pre- 
vent Its falling in. 

Sreve. (briv) n. mark of the 
longest sound in music, or 
short C) sound of vowels. 

Brevet. (i>re-ver> n. a com- 
mission eotithnff an officer 
to take rank above that for 
which he receives pay; v.t. 

Breviary, (bre'vinir-i) n. an 
epiton;keof a K.C. pmver-b. 

Brevier, (bre-vSr) a. printing 
typi^, size above minion. 

Brevity, (breVi-ti) ii. short- 
ness; conciseness: dispatch 

Brew, (broo) v. i. to make 
beer, ale, fte. t to be in a 


by Google 

A 'divided family can no more 
stand than a divided common- 

All your geese are swans. 

A determination never to deceive 
often exposes ns to deception. 
(Fr.) — La Rochefoucauld. 

A man's house is his castle. 




state of preparation t—v. t. 
to boil and mix; to prepare 
malt and hop« and to per- 
form the bubinoM of brcvr- 
iag \ to contrive and plot ; 
—ppr. and n. bre Ving ;— 
pp. brewed'. [brews. 

Brewer, (brOO'cr) one who 

Brewery, (brCO'cr-i) n. a 
house where beeris brewed 

Brcwis, (bru-is) n. crusts of 
wheat, rye and Indian 
bread, soitened with milk. 

Bribe, (brib) n. aomethins 
given to pervert or influ- 
ence unduly the judgment, 
or corrupt the conduct ;— 
V. t. to f^n or corrupt by 
gifts to give a certain vote ; 
—ns. briD'enr, brib'er. 

Bric-a-brac, (bre^-a-brak) n. 
ancient pottery. Sect small 
household articles of orna- 
ment or taste ia general ; — 
a. denoting a variety of 
indescribable articles. 

Brick, (brik) n. an oblong or 
square piece of burnt clay ; 
— w. t. to lay or pnve with 
bricks; — a. Duilt of brick. 

Brickbat, (brik'bat) n. a 
broken part of n brick. 

Brick-kiln, (brik'-kiln) n. a 
kiln for burning bricks. 

Bricklayer, (brik'ia-Cr) n. a 
masom a worker fn bricks. 

Brickmaker,(brik'mak-er) n. 
one who mr.kes bricks. 

Bridal, (brl'dal) n. a mar- 

riage feast t a wedding ; 
a. belonging to a bride, etc. 

Bride, (brid) n. a woman to 
be, or newly married. 

Bride-cake, (brid'kak) n. 
eake given at a wedding. 

Bridegroom, (brid'frroOm) n. 
a man about to be, or ncv- 
ly married ; —ns. bride's'- 
maid or bride's'-man — r.l- 
tendantsct a wedding, who 
" stond up" with the bride 
and bridegroom. 

Bridge, (brij) a. a atnicture 
for carr>-ing a road cerocs 
a river, &c. ; anything like 
a bridge »— r. t. to span, &c. 

Bridle, (brrdl) n. an inftru- 
mcnt to govern or guide a 
horse ^— r. t. to i)nt on or 
manage with a bridle ; to 
check » restrain ; — r. i. to 
hold up the head ; to show 
spirit; — P7>r, brid'ling; — 
pp. bridled, held in check. 

Brief, (bref) a. short ; cou- 
cise J — n. short writing ; 
epitome of a client's cause, 
&c. ; — n. b;-iel'ncss ; — a^. 
briefly, in few words ;— 
a. brid'lcas, noting a law- 
yer without business. 

Brier, (brl'cr; >u a very prick- 
ly shrub; the wifd-bricr, 
and the sweet-brier, spe- 
cies of the roco ;— a. briery. 

Brig, (brig) n. a vessel with 
two mrists, square-rigged 
like a ship's main-mastand 
f cre-mast ; a brinmtine. 

Brigade, (brig-Ad*) a. troops 
under a general ofScer ;— 
r. (. to form into brigades. 

Brigadier, (brig-andCf) It. an 
otilcercommanding a brig- 
ade, rberi a freebooter. 

Brigand, (brig'and) n. a rob- 

Brigandage, (bng'and-aj) n. 
f reebooting ; pmnder. 

Bright, (brttja. fullof light; 
shining t clear i evident ; 
illiutrious i clever ; — cuL 
brighf br ;— n. brinht'ness. 

Brighten, (britTn) Vj t. or i. 

iij^iiicii, I wru 11/ i> I. wr I. 

to make brighter brighter; 
to cheer or gladden i to 
make v.'ittv or acute; to be- 
come bri^Iit t to polish ; t J 
clear up ;—ipr. brighren- 
ing t—'ip. b.ighf ened. 

BrilUant, (bril'yant) ou shin- 
ing; snarkling ; glittcriDg : 
spTonaid;— n. a diamond 
cat into imglcs ;—ac/. brill'- 
lantly ;— n. uriil'iancy. 

Grim, (brim) n. the edge t 
side; bank; the top x—n-Jh. 
brimming, brim'f ui,to the 
brim, overflowing. 

Brimstone, (brim'stOn) n. a 
yellow mineral ; sulphur. 

Brindled, (briad'ld) a. 
streaked witli brown spots. 

Brine, (brin) n. the sea; water 
imprecmated with salt 

Bring, coring) v. t. {pret. 
and j>p. brouglil] to con- 
voy or carry to ; to fetch 
from I to draw or induce ; 
—ppr. brini^ing. 

Brink, (brfngk) n. the edge 
of a steep place, cr of a 
river; side ; verge ; border. 

Briny, (brin'i) a. pertaining 
to brine cr the sea ; salt. 

Brisk, (brisk) a. quick ; full 
of life t jovial ; brijrht ; 
1 i veiy t eiforveacin g ; ^> n. 
brisk'ness, vivacity. 

Brisket, (brisk'ct) m. pai I c. 
the breast, next the ribs, 
which is very gristly. 

Briskly, (brisk'li) adv. ac- 
tively t vigortiualy ; with 
life, energy, and spiiit. 

Bristle. ( bm'sl) n. short, 
stiff hairs, as of swine ;— r. 
t. to stand erect, as bristles; 
—I', t. to cause to rise in 
bristles i—ppr. brisf ling ;— 
pp. brisf led i—ad. bristiy. 

Brit, 0>Til) fu a smaU fish of 
the nert ing kind. 

Brilannia^-metal, ( bri-tan'i-a- 
mef el) n. a metallic com- 
pound chiefly of block tin 

Britaitnic, (bn-tan'ik) Brit- 
ish, (brifish) a. pertaining 
to Great Britain, &c. ^-n. 

_ Briton, a native of Or. Br. 

BfiUlc,( brill) a. apt to break; 
short t weak ; frail ; — n. 
brifUeaess,. f ragiUty. 

Britzska, (bns'ku) m. wagon. 

Broach, fbrucU)n. a spit;— 
V. t. to tap t to begin upon 
or open up a business ; to 
pierce as with a spit ; to let 
out;— ppr. broach'ing:— j9!p. 
broached' i— m. broach'er. 

Broad, (brawd) a. wide ; ex- 
tended from aide tn side ; 
unreserved t unrestricted ; 
gross ; indelicate;— n. broad'- 
ness ;— ad. broadiy. 

Broad-axe, (brawd'aiks)!!. an 
axe for hewing timber. 

Broadcast, (brawd'kast) a. a 
sowing of seed widely. 

Broadcloth, (brawd'kloth) n. 
a broad woollen cloth ; ao 
called from its breadth. 

Broaden, (brawd'n)f. t. or i. 
tomake Droador broader; 
to grow broad or extend in 
widtli i—ppr. broad'eniug ; 
—pp. broad'ened. opened 

Broadside, ( brawd'std ) n. a 
discharge of all thegunson 
one side of a ship at once ; 
a sheet of paper printed on 
one cide t a circtilar. 

Broadsword, (brawd'sOrd) n. 
a svrord wttli a bread blade 
end ft cuttin"? edirc. 

Brocade, f brC-kad') n. tilfc 
stuff with a raised pattern, 
or varieg?.ted with geld and 
silver, cr enriched with 
flowers ;— <t. brocad'ed. 

BroccoH.(broe'coli)n. akind 
of cnbbage or cnuliflower. 

Brochure, n>n>sh6r') n. a 


by Google 

JEgroto dum anima est, spes est. I iCgrescitqne medendo. — The 

To the sick, ^hile there is life 

there is hope. — Cicero. 
Among thorns grow roses. — IT. 

medidne increases the dis- 
ease. — Virgil. 
A man forewarned is forearmed. 




•titched book i a pamphlet 
or literary production. 

Bro^e, ( Drug ) n. a atovt 
coarse shoe or brogan ; a 
coarse dialect or manner of 
pronunciation, particular- 
ly the Irish accent. 

Broidery, (broid'cr-i) n. em- 
b.t)ide.y ; needle-work ;— 
see embroider, cmbroiderv. 

Omil, ( broil ) n. a tumuli ; 
qunrrel ;— r. /. or i. to dress 
or cook over coals ; to be 

frrently heated ;— p/>r. broil'- 
ng ; —pp. b.-oilcd' ; — n. 
biOil'er, apridiron. 

Broken, (hro' kn) pp. or a. 
[ from Lreak ] parted by 
Tiolence : uneven ; infirm { 
made bankrupt :— n. brfik*- 
enness ;— at/. Drok'enly. 

Bnikcn-hearted. ( bioK'en- 
hart-ed ) a. crushed by 
grief ; grently dejected. 

Broker, (broker) n. one who 
transacts business for an- 
other;— n. bro'kerage, busi- 
DCfls or commission of a 
broker in ir'vtis. -♦o'-ks. ta. 

Bronchial, ( bronp'ki-nl) n. 
rcL-iting to the bronchUt or 
ramilicotions of the wind- 
pipe in the lun;^. 

Bronchitis, (brong-kl'tis) n. 
an inflammation of the 
bronchia or of the bron- 
chial membrane. 

Bronze, (bronz) n. an alloy 
of copper and tin, or other 
metals, of a brown or iwm- 
ecf color t anything cast in 
bronze \ the color of tan or 
bronze \—v. t. to give the 
appcamnce of bronze to; 
to harden !—ppr. brbnz'- 
ing ;—/>;». bronzed' ;a^. 
browned by the sun. 

Brooch, fbrOch) n. an oma- 
mentid pin for fastening a 
shawl, or article of dress. 

Brood, (brood) n. ofispring t 
the number hatched at 
once :— v. i. and t. to sit 
upon or cover in order to 
breed or hatch ; to cover as 
with wings ; to think on 
with long anxiety : to ma- 
ture or cnerish with care t 
—ppr. and a. brooding :— 
pp. bro<;>d'cdia6in thousht. 

Brook, ( brOok ) h. a liuie 
river ;— w. t. to bear ; to en- 
dhre I to submit to :—ppr. 
brpok'iqg i—pp. brook* 


Brooklet, ( bruok'let ) m. a 
small brook : a. brook'r. 

Broom, (broom 7^. a sHriib ; 
a beiiom to sweep with. 

Broom-corn, (broom-kom) n. 
a variety of maize, from 
which brooms are made. 

Broomstick, (broom'stick) n. 
the handle of a broom. 

Broth, (broth) n. liouor in 
which flesh is boileu. 

Brothel, (broth'el) n. a housa 
of lewd entertainment 

Brother, (bruth'er) n. one of 
two sons of the same par- 
ents ; one closely united 
with another j a fellow- 
creature ;—pl. brothers, or 
brethren ;— a. brotli'ei-ly, 
fraternal t a* broth'erleaa. 

n. state of being a brother t 
fmtemity; an association. 

Brother-in-law, (bruth'er-ia- 
Inw) n. the brother of a 
husband or wife, also a 
sister's husband. 

Brougham, ( broo'am ) n. a 
one-horse close carriage, 
either two or four wheeled. 

Brought, (brawt) pret. and 
pp. of Brinrf. 

Brow,(brow) ». the forehead: 
the cdfi:e of a hill Or river. 

Browbe.^t, (broWbet) P. /. to 
bear down with stem brow, 
looks, or harsh speech ; to 
bully ;— n. browbeating. 

Brown, ( brown ) a. of a 
dusky color, inclining to 
red or yellow ;— n. a dark 
reddish color j — r. t. to 
make brown \-^pr. brown*- 
ing J — pp. browned' : — n. 
brown'ncss:— a. brown'isli, 
somewhat brown. 

Brownie, (brown'i) n. a sup- 
posed good-natured spirit. 

Brown-study, (brown'stud-i) 
n. a dull or gloomy reverie ; 
dull thotightfulness i ab- 
sent mindcdncrs. 

Browse, f browz) w. t. or i. 
to feed on the sprouts of 
plants i—ppr. brows'ing :— 
pp. browsed' ;— n. shrubs, 
tender shoots or sprouts. 

Bruin, (broo'in) n. the fa- 
miliar name of a bear. 

Bruite, (broo:?) v. t. to hurt 
with blows ; to reduce to 
•mall fragments ; — npr. 
bruis'ing ;—pp. bruised' ;— 
N. a eontusion, or hurt. 

Bruiser, (brooz'cr) n. a box- 
er ! one who bruises. 

Bruit, (brco'.) n. Kiniething 
noiied abroad ; report ; lu- 
mor J — «". /. to report ; to 
noise id:road i—ppr. bruit'- 
inff i—VP' truifcd. 

Brumal, (broo'inal) a. per- 
taining to winter ; the sea- 
son of the year when the 
days are ehortcbt. 

Brunette, (broo-uef) a wo- 
man with a brown or dark 
complexion— No» m hlontte. 

Brunt, (brunt) n. the heat or 
violence of an onset or 
ccntention; force of a Mow 

Crush, (brush) n. a hairy in- 
stninient for sweeping or 
rubbing 5 brisk attack ; a 
thicket I— r. t. or 1. to re- 
move dust, &c.. f w-ni coy- 
thing by sweeping ; to 
move over •lightly ;—;jpr. 
brush'ing ; — pp. brushed'. 

Bruih-wood, (bnisli'wood) ». 
low wood : underwood. 

Brushy, (brush'h a. rough. 

Brusque, (liroosk) a. blunt 1 
ahrur)t in manner: rude; n. 
brusquc'iic: <i</.brusque'.y. 

Brutal, (broo'tah o. Kovnge: 
cruel; unfeeling x — ad. 
brut'clly, lahum.inly. 

Brutali^ei (broot'ol-lz) t;. I. 
to make like a brutes— 1». 1. 
to become like a brute ;— 
— ppr. brut'nlising ; —;;/>. 
brut'nlised 1 v. t. bni'tify. 

Brute, (brool) n. one of the 
lower animals ; an unfeel- 
ing, unreasonable man ;— 
a. rude: stupid: irrationnl; 
savage : unfeeling ; iiihu- 
min ;— a. l)ruti».h;«</.bi-uf- 
ishly. ferociously ; n. bru- 
tal'ity, brut ish'n CSS. 

Bryoni I, (brro-nl ) n. a med- 
icine: a hoina:opattiic rotn- 
edv ; a genus of plants. 

Bubble. (Dub'l) n. a small 
bl.vldcr of water; an empty 
project; a cheating scheme; 
— B. I. and t. to ri.>-C in bub- 
bles:— f»pr. bubb'ling;— ^/>. 
bubb'lcd. tfurgled. 

Bubo, (bu'lx'O n. swelling 
of tlie lymphatic glands. 

Buccaneer, (buk-a-ncr') n. a 
pirate ; a freebooter. 

Buck, (buk) n. male of rab- 
bits, deer, goat, sheep, ftc.; 
a d^ndy: — V. t. to steep 
clothes in lye; to put forth 


by Google 

^quo animo poenam, qui meru- 
erc, ferant. — Let those who 
have deserved their punish- 
ment bear it patiently. Ov. 

An empty sack won't stand up* 

right. — Italian. 
An enemy's envy is his <Mn pun* 

ishment. — Tamil. 



one'« whole fincrgy t to 
dash against an obstacle: a. 
bnck'ish, foppish, etc. 

Bucket, (buk'et; n. a'TCssel 
to draw, or carry water. 

Buckle, (buk'kl) n. a con- 
tt-ivance for fastening 
straps, &c. ;— r. t. to fasten 
with a buckle ? to nppl^' ;— 
V. t. to prepare for battle ; 
to engage with zeal. 

Buckler, (bukicr) n. a de- 
fensive niilitary shield. 

Buckram, ( buk * ram ) n. « 
coarse linen cloth stiffen- 
ed with glue I— a. made of 
buckram t stiff i precise. 

Buckskin, (buk'skin) n. a 
leather prepared from the 
skin of a buck i n» of nkin. 

Bucolic, (bu«kol'ik) a. rent- 
ing to slicphcrds; pastoral: 
— n. a pastoral poem, etc. 

Buckthorn, (buk'thom) n. a 
shrub be&riti'g a purgative 
berry, used in dyeing. 

Buckwheat, (buk'wet) ti. a 
plant nnd its seed, which 
19 ground into flour and 
uxed for making pan- 
cakes i a. pert in i» ns foori 

Bud, (bud) n. first shoot of 
a tree or plant;— &. 1. 1^ nut 
forth young shoot* ; to dc- 

fin to grow %—v. t. to graft 
y inserting the bud of a 
plant under the bark of 
another';— fipr. bndd'ing ; 
—pp. budd'ed;— n. budlet. 

Buddhism, (bood'ism) n. the 
religion of Central Eastern 
Asiatw.a. Budd'hist 

Budge, (buj) v. i. to stir ; to 
go ; to move. n. fur of lambs 

Budget^ (buj'ct) n. a bag 
with Its contents ; a store 
or stock ; statement of the 
finances of a government. 

Buff, (buf) R. a leather dress- 
ed with oil J a yellow color. 

Burralo. (buff a-IO) n. a kind 
of wild Indian ox t the Bi- 
son \—ril. Buffaloes.— Buf- 
falo-roue, the skin of the 
buffalo, dressed for use. 

Buffer, (buffer) n. an clastic 
cushion of rubber, or gutta 
percha, to deaden the hnjf 
or concussion of bodies, at 
railway carriages. 

Buffet, (buffet) V. i, to boTt 
to beat : to strike with the 
hand ; to contend against 
anything, at misfortunes. 

difllculties. the winds, 
waves, &c. ; — s. a blow 
with the Jst if#(.kind of 
cupboard ; —pp'- buf 'f et- 
ine ;— p/). burietcd. 

Bu£^n, (buf.foou'^ ». an 
arch fellow ; merry -and rew 

Buffoonery, ^buf-foon'er-i) 
«. very low jests ; drollery. 

Bug, (bug) H. the name of 
various nuects : a beetle. 

Bugbear, (bug'b&r) n. an ob- 
ject of false dread; a scare- 
crow or hobgoblin. 

BuTgy, ( buf^i ) a. having 
bugs \—n. nllsiit carriage :a 
four-wheeled vehicle, with 
or without a top, drawn 
by one or two horses. 

Bugle, (bu'gl) ff. n military 
instrument of music % a 
hunting horn ta long shin- 
ing bead of gliss i a genus 
of plants.— «. bug'le.-. 

Bu«|1oss, (buplos) n. a genus 
or plants used lor coloring 

Buhl, (buh n. metallic fig- 
ures inlaid m dark wood. 

Buhrstouc. ( her'RtOn ) ». a 
species of quartz, unrd for 

Build, (bil'J) V. t. or i. f rrrtt. 
and pp. builded, built] to 
raise a structure i to con- 
struct a building i to rest or 
depend : to create or form ; 
to confirm or establish ; — 
». make ; figure. 

Builder, (bild'cr) n. one who 
builds as a business. 

Building, ( hild'ing ) n. an 
edifice or house ; anything 
built : the art of raising 
houses, &c. ; a. pert. to. 

Bulb, (bulb) n. a round root, 
OS of hyacinths, tulips, Ac. 

Bulbous, (bulb'us) a. having 
round roots or heads; grow- 
ing from bulbs -. v;l<'>htilar. 

Bulge, (bulj) n. the hxlge or 
widest port of a cask ;— r. 
i. to swell out in the mid- 
dle i to be protuberant ; to 
bilge or take in water ;— 
jmr. bulff'ing \—pp. bulged' 

Bulk, (bulk) n. size : quan- 
tity; chief part ; the pross j 
the mojoritv; — a. hnllcy. 

Bulk-hesd, (bulk'hed) n. a 
partition in a ship. 

Bull, (bul) r. r. raihc prices I 
f>. •* mule of the bovine sp6> 
eiet 5 a stock jobber \ sign 
of the zodiac ; the pope's 

edict; a verbal Dlunderor 
contradiction \n. Ou. inn. 

Bull-calf, (bul'kif ) a. a male 
calf ; a dull stupid fellow. 

Bull-dog, (biildog) n. a spe- 
cies of dog. ot very great 
courage and ferocity. 

Bulldozing, (bul-do?: ing) n. 
intimidation of voteis, es- 
pecially of colored c-stJ- 
zens. at the polls in sev- 
eral Southern State* since 
the nianumusion of the 
slaves \—v. t. bull'dOzc, to 
maltreat: to terrify; to pcr- 
eeciite and injure for opin- 
ion'!«s:ike:— M. buird6«'cr. 

Bullet, (bullet) n. a boll of 
iron or le.-.d for a gun. 

Bulletin, (bul'lc-tm) n. offi- 
cial report, or statement of 
facts ; n bonrd where news 
is posted ; the news itbclf." 

Bnll-linch. (bul'finsh) ti. a 
singing bird which can be 
taujht to whi.stlc tunes. 

Bull -frog, (bul'frog) n. a 
large species of frog. 

Bullion, ( bul'yun ) n. gold 
and silver regarded simuly 
bv weight ns merchandise. 

Bullock, (bul'lok) n. en ox 
or castrated bull ; beef. 

Bul!s-eye, (bulz'i) n. n small 
window or lantern of thick 
gloss; center of a target. 

Bully, (bul'i) n. a quarrel- 
some blustering fellow;— 
V. t. to threaten with noisy 
menaces x—ppr. bull'ying ; 
—pp. buH'icd ! n. cowed. 

Bullrush, ( bul rush 7 n. a 
large kind of ru»h grow- 
ing in water or wet land. 

Bull-trout, (bul'trout) a. a 
large specij-s of trout. 

Bulwark, (bul'wark) n. a 
work of defence round a ; a bastion or ram- 
part ; any means of de- 
fence cr security. 

Bumblebee. (bum''bl-bt5) n. a 
lai^e bee ; the humble bee. 

Bumn. (bump) n. a thump 
or heavy blow j a lump 
caused by a blow ; a swell- 
ing ;— I'. I. or t. to make a 
loud noise: to strike against 

Bumper, (bump'er) ». a glass 
filled to the brim ; the buf- 
fer of a railway carriage. 

Bumpkin. (bumpHtin) n. an 
awkward person ; a rustic. 

Bun, (bun) n. a small caka. 


by Google 

An equal mind is never at fault. 

— Latin. 
An equivocation is first cousin to 

a lie. 

An evil conscience needs no Ac- 

An evil deed has a witness in the 
bosom. — Danish. 




Bunch, (bunsh) n. a cluster t 
a hard lump;— y. i. to grow 
ki knobs or bunches. 

Bunchy, (bunsh'i) a. grow- 
in); or lull of bunches. 

Buncombe, (bun-kum) n. 
pretended enthusiasm ; 
fictitious sympathy ;sham. 

Bundle, (bun'dl) n. a parcel 
of things bound together i 
a roll ;— V. t. to tic or put 
into a bundle i—ppr. bun'- 
dling i—pp. bun 'died. 

Bung, (bung) n. a stopper 
for the hole in a barrel ; a 

: large cork : — r. t. to stop 

- closely with a bung. 

Bungle, (bung'gl) n. any- 
thing clumsily done ; a 
botch or blunder} — t?. t. 
and t. to perform or act iu 
a clumsy way : mismanage. 

Bungler, (bung'gler) n. a 
clumsy workman inn awk- 
ward, unskilful person. 

Bungling, (bung'gling) a. 
clumsy ; awkward ; badly 
executed x—ad. bung'ling- 
ly, in a clumsy manner. 

Bunion, (bon'yun) n. nn ex- 
crescence or inflamed 
swelling on the ball of the 
toe, or soles of the feet. 

Bunk, (bungki n. a cane of 
boards for a bed or sent ; a 
tailor's sleeping berth ;— 
V. t. to bunk, to go to bed. 

Bunt, (bunt) n. a parasitic 
fungus which causes a dis- 
cakc fd the bame name in 
wheat and other grains { 
swi lling part of a sail. 

Bunting, (bunfinp) n. a thin 
woolen cloth from which a 
ship's colors urc made ; a 

8enus of birds allied to 
nches and sparrows. 
Bunt-lines, (bunt'linz) n. 
ropes fixed on the bottoms 

Sf very square snils to 
raw them up. so as to 
make them eaten the wind. 
Buoy, (boy, bwoy) n. a float 
used -*■ 

on ahoal 
water to 
th« po-l 
•^ n d • 
;, |oek», a ship's nnchor, ftc x 
*^v. t. or I. to fix buoys or 

marks ; to keep afloat i to 
sustain ; to support. 

Buoyancy, (bMr'an-si) n. the 
capacity of floating lightly 
on water or in the air ;— 
fig. ligiitness of spirit. 

Buoyant, (boy'ant) a. that 
wul not sink : floating ; 
light ; elastic t cheerful i 
hopeful ;— ad. buoy'antly. 

Bur, ( bur ) n. the prickly 
seed case or head of cer- 
tain plants, which sticks 
to clothes, &C.I fruit of the 
Burdock; anything form- 
ing a fringes projection on 
a deer's horn ? roughness. 

Burbot, (bur'bot) n. Afresh- 
water flsh resembling the 
eel. having a longish beard 
on its lower jaw. 

Burden, (bur'dn) n. that 
which is borne ; a load ; 
weight; cargo j thnt part of 
a song repeated at the end 
of every stanz.i; hence, 
that which is often repeat- 
ed, or a subject on wnich 
one dwells ;—v. t. to load ; 
to op press ;—w^. bur'dened 

Burdensome, (bur'dn -sum) 
a. grievous ; troublesome i 
heavy j oppressive. 

Bureau, (bu-rO') n. a writing 
table, or »maU chest of 
drawers ; an article of fur- 
niture with several draw- 
ers, mirror, &c. ; a place 
for the tranxaction of Dusi- 
ness \—pl. Bu'reaux. 

Burdock, (bur'dok^ n. a dock 
with A bur or prickly head 

Burg, (burg) n. a borough. 

Burgamot, (burg^i-mot) n. a 
kind of near ; perfume. 

Burgess, (bur'jcs) n. a free- 
man of n city; a magistrate 

Burglarious, ( burg'la-ri-us ) 
a. consisting in Durglary ; 
— ad. buivla'piously. 

Burglary, (burg'la-ri) n. noc- 
turnal house robbery i— «. 
burg'lar, a house-lireckcr. 

Burgomaster, ( buntO - mas- 
ter) «. one employed in 
the goveminent of a city. 

Burgundy, (burjlgun-di) n. 
wine mode in Burgundy. 

Bunal, (bcr'i-al) n. the act of 
placing n dead body in the 
grave; funeral obsequies. 

Burin, (bfi'rin)!!. an instro- 
meiit made of tempered 
steel for engraving. 

Burke, (burk) ,;. t. to mur- 
der especially by su&oco- 
tiun, so as to .eavc few 
marks of violence j hence, 
{fig.) to dispatch quietly. 

Burlesque, (bur-Usk')a 
tending to excite laughter; 
— n. a ludicrous represent- 
ation or species of writing; 
— t'. t. to turn to ridicule. 

Burliness, (bur'li-nes) n. 
great bulk ; bluster. 

Burly, (bur'li) a. bulky and 
vigorous ; lupty; boisterous 

Burn, (bum ) i'. *. or i. [j.rct. 
and pp. burned, burntl to 
consume by fire ; to be hot 
or in a passion : to be in- 
flamed or pu fire i—ppr. or 
a. burning, Erk)wing;— n. a 
hurt caused by fire. 

Burning -glasK. (bum'imr- 

frlas) n. a glass which cqI- 
iects rays to a focus. 

Burner, (burh'ev)n. one who 
sets on tfre ; the part of a 
himp which cmitn flsme. 

Burning, (burning)}/, com- 
bustion ; heat ; inflamma- 
tion;— «. vehement; power- 
ful; very hot ; scoicliing. 

Burnish, (barn'mh) f. /. to 
polish ; to brighten ; — n. 
polish; luEter; n burnisher 

Bumt-offering, ( burnt -of- 
fer-ing) n. rjcrif.ce by 
burning a victim for «m. 

Burr. ( bur ) n. the rough 
husky sound of r sound- 
ed in the throat; lobe of the 
ear; o. (. to taikiii o hoanw- 
whisper, [pear; an in^ccl. 

Burrel, (bei'rel) n. a. kind of 

Bnrrow, (bur'i6) n. a lodge 
in the earth for rabbits, 
&c. ;— I', i. to lodge in a 
hole in the earth -wxcnvnte. 

Burst, (burst) v. t. and t. 

tprct. and pp. burst J t<> 
reak into pieces ; to break 
open or break forth, c« me 
in or fall upon Buddcniy 
or with violence ; to foil in 
business i—prir. bursf ing : 
—n. A sudden outbreak; an 
explosion or disruption. 

Burt, (bert) n. a flat fish of 
the turbot kind. 

Burthen, ( bur ' then )n.Sce 
Burden { a. bur theawMue. 

Bury, (ber'j)t'. f. to inter in 
a grave; to conceal; to hide 
or blot out of remeni- 
brance ;-~prr. bury'ing -.- 


by Google 

An evening red and a morning 
grey, is a sign of a fair day. 

If the evening's grey and the 
morning's red, put on your 

hat, or you'll wet your head.- 
An evil gain is equal to a loss.- 





>. burtcd;— n. bur'ying- 
placc, n grave-yard. 

Oush, (boosb) n. a shrub t a 
bou^K ) ft region abound- 
ing in trees and shrubs ; — 
v.i. to grow thick or bushy t 
—a. biwh'y, full of shrubs, 
&c., thick and spreading. 

5 ishcl, (booah'ch tu a dry 
mi.'a8ure of cig-ht gallons, 
or four pecks j a quantity. 

Sjshwhacker, Cboush-wak- 
er^ n. a raw countrj-nian ; 
nXa\rIes>9 person or a fugi- 
tive from justice, who has 
tikcn to the bush, and 
makes forays on the sur- 
rouiiding country. ' 

Busiiness, (biz'nes) n. em* 

' ployment t occupation ; af- 
f air ; concern i activitiea. 

Busk, (busk) n. a piece of 
whalebone or ateefwom in 
stays ;—v. t. or i. to pre- 
pare; to attire one't teuL 

Baskin. (buek'in) n. a half 
boot, or high shoes. 

Buskioed, (busk'ind) a. de- 
noting tragedy on the 
stage ; tragic i wearing 
buuuns i—n. bw, omnibus 

Buss, (bus) n. a kiss ;— v. t. 
to kiss, especially in a rude 
or plavful manner (yii^r) 

Bust, (oust) n. a statue ot 
ths head and shoulders of 
any person •, a carouse. 

Bustard, (bus'tard) n. a ge- 
nus ot large, heavy birds, 
akin to the ostrich lamily. 

Bnatcr, (bust-cr) n. anytliing 
large in size ; a man of 
great strength ; a mree. 

Bustle, (bus si) v. t. to bo 
busy ; to be stirring and 
active i—ppr. busf linrr ; — 
op. bust'led ;— n. a tumult; 
Jiitrry; commotion. 

Dustier, (busier) n. a stir- 
ring i)erson ; abusy-lKxly. 

Busv, (biz'si) a. employed 
with earnestness: ofncious; 
— f. t. to occupy; employ ; 
oxc:-ci8C ;— /'pr. bns'yinff ; 
— ;)p. bus'icd; — ad. bus'iljr, 
activclv; earnestly. 

Busybody, (biz'zc-Dod-l) n. 
a middling person. 

But, ( btit ) prpp. cxceot t 
without ; besides ; only i 
yet J still ; unless ? — con. 
more ; further ;— n. end ; 
Kojit; bound;— 7^. t. to utter 
an exception ; to touch. 


Butcher, (boocli'cr) n. one 
who kills animals to sell t 
one who delights in cruel 
rn 1 bloody deeds ;— 1>. t. to 
slaug!iter animals for food; 
to slay inhumanly ; — a. 
butch'erly. cruel, murdcr- 
oai ;— n. butch'ery, cruel 
murder ; a slaughter-house 

Butt-end, (bufend) n. strik- 
ing or hc^vy end ; stump. 

Butler, (but'ler)n.n servr.nt 
who his care of plate, &c. 

Butmcnt, (but'ment) n. a 
buttress ; see abutment. 

Butt, (but) ». amark to shoot 
at ; one who is ridiculed : 
a cask containing 126 gal- 
lons of wine i a hinge ; the 
thick and heavy end ; a 
push with the head of an 
animnl; — r. t. to strike 
with the head or horns. 

Butter, (butter) n. an oily 
substance from cream ob- 
tained by churning ;— 1>. t. 
to spread witli butter. 

Buttercup, (bufter-cup) n. a 
plant with yellow flowers. 

Butterfly, (bufter-flf) n. a 
genus of insects with four 
wingo. a spiral tongue, and 
hairy body usually yellow. 

Buttermilk, (but'ter-niilk)«. 
the milk which remams 
after the butter is separ- 
ated by churning. 

Butternut, fbut'ter-nut) n. 
the fruit oi a tree, a nut so 
called from its oil, which 
is delicious eating. 

Butterprint, ( butter-print ) 
n. a piece of wood engrav- 
ed ns a stamn for butter. 

Bultcrtrcc, (bufter-trc) «. 
a genus of plants foundin 
the East Indies and in 
Africa, remarkable for a 
buttery substance j'ielded 
bytheirseedifwhen boiled. 

Butter-wort, (but-tg--wurt)n. 
a genus of plants foitnd 
in marshy place, so cillctl 
citlier from the power of 
the leaves to coagulate 
milk, or f :*om their pccu- 

Buttery, (but'tol) n. an 
apartment m a house where 
butter, milk, and provis- 
ions in general are kept ; a 
dsiry ;— <i. like butter. 

Buttock, (bufnk) n. npper 
part of the thigh. 

Button, (but'u ) n. a tail o~ 
knob fastened to a smullc 
body; catch, usually o smell 
disk, but varyin.^ m form 
and material, ute-.l to fasten 
the dress or clothes by 
means of a buttonhole ; 
any small rounrlmass; bud 
of aplant,— 1». f. to fasten 
— bnttonhf le. to chat witi». 
while you hold your listen- 
er by the buttonhole. 

Buttress, ( but'tres ) n. ■ 

^ proioc- 
a wall to 
^d sup- 
port ;— I'. 
t. to prop 
or sup- 
port; to st -engthen acanse. 

Butyriuc, (biVtcr-in) n. the 
oily matterf ound in butter. 

Buxom, ( buks'nm) a. gay ; 
lively J vigorous ; wanton. 

gaycty ; wantonness. 

nuy,(bi) f. t. ort. [pref.and 
pp. bought] to purchase; 
to bribe ; to treat about a 
purchase ;—ppr. buy'ing. 

Buyer, (bi'cr) n. purchaser. 

Buzz, (buz) H. a humming 
sound ; a whiskered report; 
talk ; commotion ;— i-. i. to 
make a low sound like 
bees: to spread recreily. 

Burzartl,(buz'ard)n. a genus 
of birds of prey of the fal- 
con family ; a blockhead. 

Buzzing, (buz'ing)n. a low 
noise or talk ;-^i. buzz'er. 

By, (b\)prep. near ; in pres- 
ence ; through ; denoting 
the agent, cause, m<!ans,&c. 

By-and-by, (b( an bl) ad. 
presently ; soon ; shortly. 

By-end, (bl'cnd) a. private 
advantage ; interest. 

By-law, (bllaw) n. law of a 
society, corporation, *c. 

By-path, (brpatli) n. an ob- 
ecu~c path or means. 

By-play, (bl-plS) »i. anything 
concurrent with, and sub- 
ordinate to. the main ac- 
tioni—a. bygone, past. 

By-stander, (bl-stand-er)n. a 
looker on : a spectator. 

By-word, (l^rwurd) n. a com- 
mon saying ; a proverb t a 
disgrace or reproach. 


by Google 

An excess ot passion defonns 
even the wise. — Sanscrit. 

A fool and his money are soon 

An extreme rigor is sure to arm 
everything against it, and at 
lengih to relax into a supine 
neglect. — Burke. 



C h«8 tiro Mtinds i (m« hard, 
like k; the other aott, like*. 

Cab, (kab) n. a Hebrew dry 
meaMure coniaining about 
half a gallon : an ahhrcTi. 
ation oi cabriolet, meaning 
a one-hor»e carriage. 

Caba!. (kn-bal') u. a Bmall 
partj united for wme «c- 
cret int.nguei something 
leu than conspiracy i the 
plot it*el£ i—v. I. to plot :— 
par. caball'ine;— />;).cabaU- 
cJ*:— w. cabalre', plotter. 

Cabalift, (kib'a-ligt) n. one 
akillcdin Jewish traditions, 
or the Cabula. the .nncr or 
mytlical interpretation of 
th« Jewish law. 

CabaliBtic, ( kab'u-liitlk ) a. 
pertaining to thcmyitteriet 
of Jewish traditions \ io 
cret : esoteric, as mystic 
letters and numbers. 

Cabbage, (kab'aj) v. u to 
>teal pieces in cutting gar- 
ments from cloths ;— n. a 
Slant cultivated as a gar- 
en Tegetable, the useful 
part of which is ita head. 

Cabin, (kab'in) n. a berth or 
saloon in a snip : a cottage; 
a room ;— r. i. to live or oe 
confined in a cabin. 

CsMnef, (kab'in^t) n. a set 
of drawers; closet: a pri- 
vate room for eonsulta- 
tmn t— fi p<"' t4« furniture. 

Cabinet -council, fkabin-et- 
koun-Ki') n. a council or 
conaulthtion of the mem- 
bets of the Cabinet; the 
various heads of depart- 
mcntf of the general gor- 
ernmcntare called thecab- 
inct when they meet to ad- 
vice with the president. 

Cabinet-maker, (kab'in-et- 
mftke-) n. n maker of line 
wooden furniture. 

Cable. ( ka'b! ) ». a strong 

roM or chain to hold a Tea- 
sel at anchor ; an insulated 
wire rupe extended along 
the buttom of the ocean, 
bays, rivers, &c. to carry 
telegraphic messages ; the 
heavy wire strands twisted 
togrtner into great cables 
to support suspension 
biidgcs ;— f. t. to send a 
message by cable ^ucal>tod 

Caboodle, (ka-b<WUe) n. a 
crowd, (vulgar.) 

Caboose, (ka-boosc'^ n. tha 
cook-room, or kitchen of a 
ship I a small railway car. 

Cabnolet, (kab-ri-O-li) n. a 
covered camigc drawn by 
one horse, called al»o cab. 

Cachinnation. ( kak-in-ni'- 
shun) N. loud Uughter. 

Cacao, (ka-ka'o) n. the cho- 
colate tree found In S. 
America and the W. Indies 
from the seeds of which 
chocolate is made. 

Cache, ( kash ) n . a hole for 
hiding provisions in the 
ground % secret niore. 

Cnchexy, (ka-kek'si)ft. a bad 
state of the body from 
some disease affecting the 
whole system. 

Cackle, (kak'l) v. t. to make 
the noise of a hen or goose; 
— n. the noise of a hen or 
goose I — n. cack'ler, a 
lowlt a talking, gossiping 
person r— a., n. cackling. 

Caroethes, (kak-o-6'thez; n. 
a bad habit of $cribblina- 

Cacography, (ka-kog'rapii) a. 
bad spelling or writing. 

Cacology, (ka-kol'o-ji) n. bad 
irrammar or pronunciation 

CaiSophony. (Xa-koffi-ni) «. 
a aisagreeaole sound of 
words; bad state of voice. 

Cactus, (kak'tus) n. a natural 
order of American exogen- 
ous plants, most of them 
having clustera of prickles 
instead of lenves. 

Cadaverous, ( ka-dnVer-us ) 
a. nele. Vkm a dead body. 

Caddy, (kad'ci ) n. a small 
box to hold tea. (Ch. eattv). 

Cide. rkad>». hnrrelorcask. 

Cadence, (ki'dens) n. fall of 
the voice in spesklLj^ ; 

tone t sotmd i modulation 
tow of verses or periods. 

Cadensa, ^iuwlcn'za} n. fall 
of the voice in liinging. 

Cadet, (ka-dct) a. n volunteer 
in the army ; a student in 
a military academy. 

Cadi. (kiVdi) n. a Turkish 
jud;^ of a town or village. 

Caduccu.s (kn-du'se-ns) a. 
hnutli.) the rod carricu by 
Mercury — the herald ©i 
messenger of the godsr 
a wand sunnouoted wit), 
two wingaand entwined b/ 
two serpents :fi cad uue'au. 

Caducous,(k.i-du'kns) o. fall- 
ing early , as leaves of plants 

Cadmium, (kad-mi-um) n. s 
whito metal occurring in 
line ores ;— Cad'mia, oxide 
of zinc, containing from 10 
to 20 percent, of cadmium. 

Cafe, (kaf ii)n. coffee-house. 

Cage, (kai)n. a box to con< 
fine birds or fowls;— v. t. to 
shut up in a ccgc or prison; 
— p/w. cag'ing \—'pp. or a 
ciged'. furnished with cells 

Caique,(ka-ek) n. a lieht skiff 
used by the Greeks; " 
skiff ofa galley. 

Cairn, (karo) n. a conical 
heap of stones raised as a 
sepulchral monument; any 
heap of stones. 

Caisson, (kas'on)n. a chest of 
bombs or powder ; a wag- 
on for conveying military 
stores ; a stronir cose for 
keeping out the water 
while the foundation of a 
bridge is l>eing built. 

Caitifl^ (k&-tif ) n. a base fel- 
low ; a villain ;— a. servile. 

Cajole, (k-i-jui) r. (. to flatter: 
entice; beguile:— n. cajol'er 

Cajolery, (ka-J6l'cr-i) n. flat- 
tery; wheedling language; 
coaxing in order to aclude. 

Cake, OMi\ n. a small loaf of 
fine oread : a piece of douah 
that is cooked or baked ; 
any flattened mass of a 
firm external consistence ; 
— 1>. t. to form into a hard 
mass: to l)ecome baked :— 
prr. cak'ing \—pp. caked'. 

Calabash, ( kal'a-bnsh ) n. a 
vessel like a gourd-shell. 


by Google 

An excuse is worse and more 
terrible than a lie; for an ex- 
cuse is a lie guarded. — Pope. 

A minute misspent is forever lost. 

An extraordinary baste to cys- 
charge an obligation is a sort 
of ingratitude. (Fr.)— La R. 

A miss is as good as a mile. 




CaUbooee, ^ kal-orboos ) n. a 
common jail. 

Cklamiot, (k&r-a-mint) n. a 
genua of plants cloacljr 
•Hied to balm. 

Calamite, (kal'a-mit) n. one 
of annus of fossil stems 
of the coal formation, so 
called from their likeness 
to gigantic rccds. 

Calamitous, (ka-lam'i-tus) a. 
unfortunate ; distressing. 

Calamity, ( ki-lam'i-ti ) n. 
misforttmc ; disaster ; loss. 

Calamtis, ( kal'a-mcs ) n. a 
sweet flag ; a native plant 
belonging to the Aroidea:. 

Calash, (ka-la8h')n. a cover 
for the head ; a carriage. 

Calcareous, (kal-ki're-us) a. 
having the nature and 
properties of lime or chalk. 

Calceiforra, (kar8C-i-fonn)n. 
(jK/t.) the form of a slipper. 

Calciforotis, ^kn!-»if'er-iui) a. 
eont ininglimojM. ca''e'to. 

Calccolarin, (kal-stvo-l.Vrii.) 
n. a genus of S. American 
p1ant)t — flowers purple. 

Calcine, Ckal'sin) v. t. to ex- 
pel all volatile ingredients 
from by heat, so as to re- 
duce to a powder, or to a 
friable state, or a calx i to 
bum up:— n. calcma'tion. 

Calcium, (kal'si-um) n. the 
metallic nasi* of lime ; a 
yellowish white metal in- 
termediate between lead 
and gold in hardness. 

Calcography, (kal-kog'-ra-fl) 
n. a style of engraving re- 
■emblihg chalk drawing. 

Calculate, (kal-kft-lit) v. I to 
compute; suppote; believe; 
intend ; to reckon ;— ». t. to 
make a computation ; to 
estimate ;— a. cal'culable. 

Calculation ,(kal-k (\-I i'-sh un ) 
n. the act or process of cal- 
culating; estimate; compn- 
tation i—ppr. calculating ; 

i}p. cal'culated ;— a. cal'cu- 
ative;— n. cal'culator. 

Calculous, (kal'ku-lus) a. 
stony ; gravelly ; gritty. 

Calculus, (kal'kiVlus) n. the 
stone in the bladder ; one 
of the higher branches of 
mathematics i—pl. Calculi. 

Caldron, (kawl'dmn) n. a 
lance kettle or boiler. 

Caledonian, (kal-«-dO'ni-an) 
~. pertaining to Scotland. 

Calefaction, (karo-fak-tfhun) 
n. the act of wanniuK. 

Calefy, (kal'e-fl) v. t.i, to 
grow hot ; be hccted. 

Calendar, (kal'eu-der) n. an 
almanac, or register of the 
months ; a list of criminal 
ciuscs for trial. 

Calender, (kal'en-der) t». t. 
to pass under or over a 
heated roller ' filled with 
steam ? to prcus between 
rollers to givegloAs to cloth 
or paper ;— ;». a press with 
hot rollers ;— iwr. cal'en- 
dcring ;—*>»». carendcred. 

Calcndu, (kal'endz) n. »/. 
among the Romans tue 
first day of each month. 

Calenture, (kal'en-tur) n. 
(ap.) an ardent fever in- 
cident to persons in hot 
climates; in S. and Cent. 
Amnrica. chills and fever. 

Calf, (kal) H. the young of 
a cow and come other ani- 
mals: a stupid, cowardly 
per?on ; the tliick, fleshy 
pnrtof the leg;—/)/. Calves. 

Caliber, f re ) (kal'i-ber) n.the 
bore of a gun ; diameter; 
(fig. )mcntal capacity ; kind. 

Calico, (kal'e-kfi) n. a printed 
cotton cloth for dreoaes. 

Caliph, f kaiiO n. the name 
of Mahomet's successors. 

Caligraphy, (ka-lig' H. 
beautiful writing. 

Calisthenics, (knf-is-then'- 
iks) n. pi. exercises to pro- 
mote grace and strength. 

Callipers, (kal'li-pers) n. 
compasses with curved 
legs, designed to measure 
the diameter of round bod- 
ies, as the head, &c. 

Calk, (kawk) i^. t. to stop the 
scams of a whip with oak- 
um ; to arm with sharp 
points ; to roughen a horse's 
shoes to keep it from slip- 
ping ;— ppr. callfing t—pp. 
calkerl' ;— n. calk'er. 

Call, (kawl) v. t. or t. to 
name ? to invite ; to cry 
■loud ; to make a short vis- 
it; demand:- ». a demand; 
summons; a shrill whistle; 
the cry of a bird. 

Calling, rkawrin(7) ti. trade t 
profession : occnpation. 

Callosity, (kal-los'i^l ) n. a 
hard corneous tumor. 

Callous, (kal'lus) a. hard x 

indurated t unfeeling ; in- 
sensible ;— orf. cal'lously ; 
-• n. caliousnesSf «. oalioii': 

Callow, (kal'lO) a. unfledged. 

Calm, (ULni) <^ c^^I^ i 1*^^ ^ i 
undijturbvd ;— ». absence 
of mind; repose ; serenity; 
—V. t. to quiet;— i7/;r. calm'- 
iag x—pp. cabncd' j — arf. 
ctuni'ly (— n. calm'uess. 

Calomel, (kal'd-mcl) n, 
preparation of mcrcuiy 
much used ns a medicine : 
a white sublimate obtained 
from mercury and corro- 
sive sublimate. 

Caloric, (ka-lOr'ik) n. the sup- 
posed principle of heaL 

Calorific, (kol-or-if 'ik) a. pro- 
ducing heat ; heating. 

Calotype, (kalO-tlp) n. the 
art of photograpliing on 
prepared paper. 

Calumet, (^karfi-met) n. the 
Indian pipe of peace. 

Calumniate, (ka-tum'ni-it) 
V. t. to blander, or accuse 
falsely or maliciously ; — 
r. i. to spread evil reports; 
ppr. cafum'ni&ting x—pp. 
calum'ni&ted \—ns. cslum- 
nia'tion, caluni'ni&tor. 

Calumnious, (ka-lum'ni-us) 
a. defamatoiy ; of the na- 
ture of calumny » slander- 
ous x—cul. calum'nlously. 

Calumny, (kal'um-ni) n. 
slander; false accusation of 
a crime or offense knowing- 
Iv and maliciously made. 

Calvary, fkal'va-ri) n. a place 
of skulls \ the place of 
Christ's crucifixion. 

Calve. Ckiv'J v. L to bring 
forth a calf :— j>pr. calv'ing; 
—pp. calved'. 

Calvwism. (kal'vinJzm) n. 
the doctrines of Calvin, an 
eminent religious reformer 
of the 16th century. 

Calvinist, (kal'vin-ict) 
who adheres to Calvinism. 

Calvinlstic. (kal-vin.i8t'ik)a. 
relating to Calvinism. 

Calyx, (ki'liks) n. the outer 
covering or cup of a flower; 
—pi. Calyxes or Calices. 

Cam. (kam) n. a projection 
on a wheel or axle to pro- 
duce reciprocating motion. 

Camber. (kamlKsr) n. a piece 
of timoercut archwise. 

Cambric, (kftm'bnk) n. a 
sort of fine thin linen. 


by Google 

A fool Utisrhs when others laugh. 
— Danish. 

A foolish son is a grief to his 

A foolish son is the heaviness of 

his mother. 
A forgetful head makes a weary 
pair of heels. 




Came. OAmypret. of Comt. 

C«rael, <kam'cl) n. an ani- 
mal of Asia and Africa, 
with one or two humpton 
its back, used as a beast of 
burden and for riding. 

Camelcopard, ( kam ' el ' *- 
pird) n. the giraCfe. 

CamcUii, (ka-incl'-ya)!!. epe- 
cics of evergreen ehrubs. 
bearing bcautilul flowe:-s, 
natives of China and Japan 

Cameo, (kam'e-O) n. a pre- 
cious stone, as the onjx, 
sculptured in relief. 

Camera, (kam'er-a) n. an 
appnnitus used in taking 
pictures by plifltography. 

Camerated, (kam>>at-ed)a. 
divided into chambers ; 
arched or vaulted. 

Camlet, (kam'let) n. a stuff 
of wool and silk, or hair. 

Camomile, (kam'o-mil) n a 
plant, or its dried flowers, 
valued as a medicine. 

Camp, (kciiip) n. a place 
where troops lodge ; order 
of tents ;— r. t. to encamp 
or pitch tents;— p/T. camp'- 
ing i~-pp. camped'. 

Campaign, (kam'pan) n. the 
time that an army keeps 
: the field ? a large open 
field or plain ; ~ n. cam- 
paigner, an old soldier. 

Campestral, (kam-pcs'tnd) a. 
pertaining to an open field; 
growing m open ground. 

CampSnSforra, ( kam - pan'i- 
form) a. in the form of a 
bell, applied to flowers ; 
also, campan'ulate. 

Caranmologr, (kam-pi-nol'- 
6-ji ) «. a discourse on, or 
the science of, bellf, &c. 

Camphenc, ( kam ' fin ) n. 
spirit of turpentine. 

Camohor, (kam'fcr) w. the 
white solid concrete juice 
of an Indian hurel tree, 
having a bitterish taste, 
and a pleasant smell :— a. 
camnhoric, of camphor. 

Oimiphorated, (kam for- it- 
ed) a. impregnated with 
canjphor.f. t. cum phonUft 

Can. (kan) v. t. [jiref. could] 
■ to be able :— :•• t. to put up 
fruit or vesretablcs :— n. a 
vessel for liquors i a tm. 

Oanaillo, (kan'n&l; n. Fr. the 
mob ; the rabble. 

Caoal.. Cka^nal') n. a water* 

course made by art for 
boats to sail along ; a duct 
in the body, &c., for fluids. 
Canary, (ka-na'ri) a. a spe- 
cies of sweet singing bird t 
a kind of wine. 
Cane. I. (kan'sel) v. t. to 
cross a writing with lines ; 
to blot out ; to efface ; to 
obliterate, or make void;— 
ppr. can'celiing;- ;>/>. can'- 
cclled ;— n. the act of can- 
celling ; the part of a work 
suppressed or altered \—a. 
can'celhted, cross-lined. 

Cancellation , ( kan - scl - 14'- 
shun ) n. a defacing by 
cross lines ; ennulling. 

Cancer, (kan'ser) n. a sign 
of the zodiac, meaning the 
crab ? a virulent ulcer ;— i*. 
t. can'cerate. become a can- 
cer;— a. can 'cerous, viru- 
lent, as a cancer. 

Candelabrum, (kan - d2-l&'- 
brum) n. a branched and 
ornamented candlestick;— 
pi. Candela'bra. 

Candent, (kan'dent) a. glow- 
ing with heat ; bright 

Candid, (kan 'did; a.lair; un- 
prejudiced ; open ; fmnk ; 
sincere ; honest ; ingenu- 
ous ;—€«/. can'didly ^—ns. 
can'didness, can'dor. 

Candidate, (kan'di -dat) n. 
one who sues or is pro- 
posed for an ofilce ; one 
who aspires after prefer- 
ment, or high attainments. 

Candle, (kan'di) n. a light 
made of tallow, wax. &c. 

Candlemas, (kan'dl-mas) «. 
a festival held Feb. 2d, by 
the R. C. Church, so called 
from the number of can- 
dles u$^ed and blessed. 

Candlestick, (kan'dl-stik) n. 
utensil for holding a candle 

Candy, (kan'di ) v. t. or t. to 
conserve wit.i sugar ;— n. 
a crystallized sxjgar; any- 
thing preserved in cugar. 

Cane, (kan) n. a reed ; the 
sugar plant; a walking- 
stick ; V. t. to beat with a 
cane ;—ppr. can'ing ;— pp. 
caned', castigatcdt 

Cane-brake, (knn-brak) a. a 
thicket of canes. 

Canine. Cka-nln') n. like or 
pertaining to the dog. 

Canister, (kan'is-ter) n. a 
box or case, usnally of tin. 

Canker, (kang'ker) n. a dis- 
ease in animals and plants; 
amall sores in the mouth : 
anything that corrupts or 
consumes ;— v. L to become 
corrupt ;— r. t. to infect ; to 
eat into, corrupt or destroy 

Cankered, (kang kerd)j?p. or 
a. corroded: a. cank'erous, 
corroding like a canker. 

Canker-worm, ( kang'ker • 
wurm) n. a worm that de- 
stroys plants and fruit 

Cannibal, ( knn'iii-bl ) n. a 
savage ; a maueatcr. 

Cannibalism, ( knn'ni-bal- 
izm)n. the eating of hu- 
man flesh by man. 

Cannel-coal, (ksn'nel-kol) a. 
conl that yields a brilliant 
light ; a coal that may be 
cut and polished. 

Cannon, (kan'un) n. a great 
gun with long cylindrical 
tube for throwing balls or 
other instruments of de- 
struction ; n. eannon-balL 

Cannonade, ( kan-un-id' ) n. 
the firhiglf cannon with 
ball i—v. i. to fire fannon. 

Cannoneer, (kan-un-ner') n. 
one who manages cannon. 

Cannot (kan'not) can and 
tint, OS an auxiliarv verb 
meaning to be unable. 

Canoe, (ka-noo') n. a boat 
made bv hollowing a tree 
trunk, KC. ; light skiff. 

Canon, (kan'un) n. a rule ; 
a di-'nitary of a church ; s 
largo kind of tvpc ; a bone 

Canon, (can -yun 5 »j. a narrow 
tunnel-Hke pa.<-sagc be- 
tween high and p-ccipi- 
tous banks, formed ny 
mountains or tabic landF. 
with a river running be- 
neath I ■ deep gorge. 

Canonical, (kan-on'ik-al ) a. 
■ccording to canon k ; reg- 
ular ; occlesiostical j — ns. 
can'onist, one versed in 
canon law; cnnonic'ity, be- 
longing to the canon or 
genuine bookn of scripture 

Canonicals. ( "ka^nou'lk-el z ) 


by Google 

A fracture in gold vaai^het wk^ 
exposed to the fire; in like 
maf^f r th^ ^ger of the good 
passes away. — Tamiu 

A frien4 as far as ^poideiiee al* 

lows. — Latin. 
A friend in co^r^ nv^es the p^ 

cess short. — French. 



n. pL the official dress of 
the clergy .while In chnreh. 

Canoni;:e, ( kan'nn-Iz ) r. L 
to enrol among saiots (— «. 
canoniza'tion, luinted. 

Canopy, (kan'*-pi> ». a cot- 
cring over a couch, bed, 
«c., or overhead ;—v. 1. to 
cover withn canopy.— j»pr. 
can'opyiD«;-;v>. caii'opied. 

CanoronH, (Iai-n6'rus) a. mu- 
dciU : hatmonious. 

Cant, (kant) v. t. or i. tn to»i : 
turn over, as a it]{: to 
whine ; to talk in an affect- 
edly lOlemn or hypocritical 
way :--»i a tosH ; a Finp-«»>nK 
or whine; hypocriticUtylc 
of apeech ; language pccu- 
lior to a sect x—ppr. canting 
—pp. cant'el:— ». cant'er. 

Cantaloupe, (kun't»-loop) a 
small musk melon. 

Cantankerous. ( kan-tang'- 
kSr-u5i) n. contcutioiu; ma- 
licious ; perverse. 

Cantata, (kon-ta'tn) »• apocna 
set to niusic ; a song. 

Canteen, (knii-ten') n. a tin 
venspl for li<iuors ; the sut- 
ler's lihop in a garrii«on. 

Cantei*. (k.xn'ter)». i. to more 
as a horse in a modeiate 

gillop ; to ride upon a can- 
r ;— n. a moderate gallop. 

a. a blister of Spanish flies. 

Cant-hook, ( kant-brok ) n. a 
wooden lever, witli an i'on 
hook at one end.with which 
heavy boxes, merch-'.ndiso, 
or timbers are turned over. 

Canticle,(kan'ti-kl) n. a kong 
~;>Z. the Sons: of Solomon. 

Canto, (kan'tO)n. a part of a 
poem ; the treble or leading 
melody ;—///. Canto*. 

Canton, Ckan'ton)N. division 
of a country ; also, its in- 
habitants t—v. L tn divide 
into small districts ; to al- 
lot quarters to troops j— n. 
can'tonment, encampment 

Cantonal, (kan'to-nal) a. per- 
taining to a canton i di- 
vided mto cantons. 

Canvas, (kan'vaf)n. a coarse 
cloth, for s»lc», tents, *c., 
and for pf in ting on ; the 
sails of a nhip; a. made of. 

Csfhvass, (kan'vas) v. t. or t. 
to discuss : to examine ; to 
solicit votes ; to seek or go 
about to solicit:— n. cksc 

examination i solicitation i 
—ppr. can'vasiingi— pp. 
canvassed t— n. canvasser. 

Canzonet, (kan-zA-nct) n. a 
little or short sonc. 

Caoutchouc, (koo'chook) n. 
India-rubber ; vtry elastic 
guincf a plant which grows 
in S. America and Asia. 

Cap, (kap) H. a cover for the 
head : top ;— p. t. to put on 
a cap I to cover the end or 
top I to perfect i—ppr. cap- 
ping i—;«p. capped . 

Capability. (ka-pa-bU'i-ti) n. 
capacity: fitness. 

Capable, (ka-pa'4>l)a. having 
capacity or sufficient abil- 
ity, |N>wer or skill to per- 
form or execute;— n. capa'- 
bleness ;—ad. c4pa'b1y. 

Capncious, (ka-p&'shus) a- 
wide; large ; vast j — ad. 
capa'cioiiply ; — M. enpa'- 
ciousncfts:-^r./. capacitate, 
to qualify, to ennbl^. 

Capacity, (ka-pati'i-ti) n. the 
power of receiving and 
containing : mcntiil|K)wcri 
room ; character ; occupa- 
tion t state ; condition. 

Capapie. (kap-a-p^; ad. from 
head to foot ; all over. 

Caparison, (ke-par'i-fiun) ti. 
trappings for a horse t—v. 
t. to drcsH pomponsly ; to 
cover with a cloth, as a 
horse ^-P'l. capai isuned. 

Cape, (kip; m. a head land 
protecting into the seat 
iicc K - piece of a coat or 
cloak for the shouklcrs. 

Caper. (ka'i>er) n. bud of the 
caper-bnsK used for pick- 
ling : a leap ;— r. i. to skip: 
to leap; to frisk about as 
a colt, kc. x~ppr. and a. 
ei'pcnng;— p;». ci'pered. 

Capillary, (kan'il-la-ri) a. re- 
sembling a nair : minnte ; 
slender ;— n. a tulMj with a 
bore as fine as a hair ;— in 
pi. the minute vcnsels thnt 
unite the veins and arteries 
in animals ; n. capillar^ity. 

Capital, (knplt-al) n. the up- 
per part of a column, pillar, 
or pilaster ; the money for 
c^nying on any business ; 
larjrc letter ; chief citv ;— a. 
relating to the head, toach- 
infc life : criminal j chief : 
principal : imiw'^nt \ ex- 
cellent ikcapital letters. 

CapitaUst, ( kap'it-al-ist ) n. 
one who has capital or 
money in abundance. 

Capltahze. Ckap'it-al-iz) r. f. 
to convert into ci-pital or 
bonds ; to nrint in caps. 

Capitation, (kap-i-ti'shun) n. 
numeration by heads : a 
poll-tax on every person. 

Capitcl, ( kap'i-ti.l ) n. the 
temple of Jupiter in R4>me 
built « n the top of s hill ; 
the house where Co> g'c*s 
meet* or where a state leg- 
iHlatui-c osrrmblcs. 

Capitular, f ka-pit'a-Iar ) w. 
mcmberrf n chnpfer ; ttody 
of the statutes oi a chapter, 
society or fraternily : :— «. 
relating to a chapter in a 
cathedral or it- statutes. 

Capitulate, (kc-pit'u-lal) v. i. 
to surrender on spccii.ed 
terms; to agree to ce tain 
heads or conditions :—ii. 
c pitula'ti<n surrender. 

Capon. <kA pon, ks-{-.n) n. a 
male fowl emasculstcd. 

Canricc. (ki-pr€s')ii. fudden 
ennngc of mind or humor ; 
whim ; fancy ; freak. 

Capricious, ( ka - prieh'us ) 
a. whimsical : fanciful; 
changeable :— ad. crpri'- 
ciously : — f». cnr-ric'ious- 
iies8,va!ir.ble humors. 

Capricorn, (kap'ri-korn) n. 
one of the si^K of the zo- 
diac ; winter solstice. 

Capriole. (knp-ri-6l) n. a ca- 
per : a leap that a horsr 
makes without advancing. 

Cai>-paper, (kap-pa-pr*) n. a 
writing or printing paper 
which measures 14 x 17. 

Capsize, (kap-slz'; v. t. to 
overturn ; upset:— ;»pr. cap- 
si 7.'ing;—p7J. capsized'. 

Capstan, (kap'rtan} n. an up- 
nght machine turned by 
spokes so as to wind upoQ 
it a cable which draws 
something, generslly the 
anchor, on board ship. 

Capsular, (kap'sn-ler) a. hol- 
low like a vessel. 

Capsule, (kap'sfil^ n. gummv 
coating to mcdiciueiH hol- 
low pericarp vrith cells for 
seeds ; a small dish. 

Captain, (knp'tin) n. the 
commander of a troon of 
hnrse, a company of foot, 
pr a ship i a leader ;— m. 


by Google 

A friend ia i^aed b a friend in? 

A friend in prosperity changes 

like the wind. — Spanish. 

A dskft fta hour, of virtuous litn 
erty, is worth a whole eternity 
of bondage. — ^Adpison. 

A dead bee makes no honey. 




eapt«in'c]r, the potiUon «r 
rank of a captaiu. 

Caption, (kip'shun) n. a pi«> 
ambic to a legai instru- 
ment; heading of an article 
or euay t veisure ; arrest. 

Captious, (kap'Hhurt).o. apt 
to cavil or findfaul:; i>cev« 
ish; «co9oriou8 i i:iKiaious{ 
critical ;— <v/. cap'tiously ; 
— n. eap'tiousncss 

Captivate, (kap'ti-v&t) v. t. 
to take prisoner; to charm; 
to fascitiate ; to engage the 
affections v—ppr. cap tiv&t- 
injr :— pp. cap'tlvated. 

Captive, (kap'tiv) n. one 
taken in war ; a prisoner ; 
—a. charmed or subdued 
bj anything:— M. cnfihi^- 
ttv. bondage : slavery. 

Captor, (kap'ter) n. one who 
takes a prisoner or a prize. 

Capture, (kap't Jr>M. seizure 
of a prize j arrest ;—v. t. to 
take as a prize ; to take by 
force i'-jfpr. cap'turing ; — 
pp. or a. cap'tured. 

Capuchin, (kap-u-aliSn'; n. a 
hooded cloak for females i 
a hoodefl-f riar or pigeon. 

Car, (kir) n. a cart ; a rail- 
way carringe ; a vehicle. 

Caracole. (kar'a-kul>n.a half 
turn which a horseroau 
makes t a winding stair. 

Carafe, (kar'af) n. a wat^r- 
botfle, or decanter. 

Carat, (kar^t) n. a weight of 
four grains, for weighing 
diamonds, and other pre- 
cious stones 1 1-24th part of 
pure gold or silver. 

Caravan, (kar'a-van) n. a 
body of travelers or trcdera 
aasocintcd together for 
safety in crossing deserts ; 
a lance close carriage. 

Caravansary, (kar-a-van'-sa- 
ri) M. a kind of unf urniali- 
td inn where caravans stop 

Caraway. ( kar'a - wa ) n. a 
plant with aromatic seeds, 
a tonic and condiment. 

Carbine, (kar'bin) n. a short 
gim borne by light horse- 
men in timu of war : cor- 
bin'cer, a light horseman 
who carries a carbine. 

Carbon. ( kar'bon ) n. pure 
charcoal ;— r. t. carhon'ixc, 
to convert into carbon. 

Carbonaceous, (kir- bon-a'> 
■Mas) carbonic, (Uuvbon'- 

ik) a. pertaining to or com- 
posed of carbon or charcoal 

Carbonate, (kar^bon-Att) n. a 
Compound of carbonic 
acid, and a base Ac. 

Carbonilerous, (kar-tx>n4r- 
er-uf ) a. producing cool. 

Carbov, (kar'boy>«. a large 
bottle full of spirits. Ice, 
protected by basket-work. 

Carbuncle, (iar'buitg-kl) n. 
a fiery red precious stone ; 
an inflamed ulcer. 

Carbuncular, (karl>ung'-kQ- 
Idr) a. pertaining to a car- 
buncle ; red ; infliamed. 

Carburet, (kar'bu-ret) a. a 
combination of carbon 
witli some other substance. 

Carcanet. (kar'ka-nct) n. a 
Jewelled collar or chain. 

Carcass, (kar'ka^) n. a dead 
body of an animal ; the 
framework of anything t 
putrefvins remains. 

Card, (kard) n. a written 
note ; a paper having an 
address ; a piece of paste- 
board marked with figures 
for playing agauie ; a print- 
ed paper, chart or hui^- 
ness cii-cnlar or card ; a large 
comb for wool ; — r. t. to 
comb wool or flax : to put 
buttons, jewelry, pr otiier 
articles on a card for show; 
— ;>nr. or a. card'lng. 

CardJiic. (kaKrli-sk) a. per- 
tiining to the lieart ; cor- 
dial ; strengthening. 

Cardinal, ( k&r 'din -el ) a. 
principal ; chief ; that on 
which a thing hinges or 
depends ;— n. a dignitary 
of the Rom. Cath. church; 
a's short clonk. 

Care, (kir) a. uneasiness of 
mind : regard ; caution ; 
management ; solicitude i 
anrictyj the object of anx- 
iety;—;'. I. to be solicitous : 
to need ; to be inclined ;— 
ppr. caKiug i—pp. cired'. 

Careen, (ka-r4n') v. t. or i. to 
by a sliip on ner side, to 
rcpiirher bottom and keel; 
to incline to one side, as a 
sUip in sailing ;—^pr. car- 
ccn'ingr ;—/»/>. careened'. 

Career. (ka-rerO n. a course 
of action ; speed : course ; 
a race ;— v. i. to move. 

Care f ul.(kir'ful) a. anxioast 
watchful ; judicious i solfo- 

itous I saving ; provident : 
cautious ;—ad. care'fully ; 
— n. care'fulnc«i«.«tf»'n>v>n 

Cart kss,(kaf1cs)a. hcf dlchs; 
unconcerned ; — nU. eare'- 
lessly :— n. carelessness. 

Carcfi. (ko-res'l v. L to em- 
brace; to trcct with affec- 
tion J to fondle i—ppr. ca- 
ress'ing ;— n». earcwed'.— 
n. act of endearment 

Caret, (k&'ret) n. this mark 
(a), noting omission. 

Cargo, (k&r'go) n. m ship's 
lAUing or freight. 

Caricature, (kni-i-ka-tiirO n. 
a representation of any- 
thing which, while keep- 
ing the likeness, in so over- 
drawn or ovei loaded as to 
be ridiculous;— r. t. to rep- 
resent ludicroa»ly \—ppr. 
car'iccturiug x—pp- caKica- 
tfired \—n. caricaturist. 

Caries, (ka'ri-cz) «. rotten- 
ness of a bone ;— a. caT- 
rious . inortifie<L 

Carinated. (kar'in-&-ted) a. 
formed like a ship's keel. 

Caricle, (kar'c-fil) n. a small 
open carriage, with a ton. 

Carking, (kark'ing) a. dis- 
tressing : caucing anxiety. 

Carman, (kar'man) n. one 
who drives a enrt 

Carmelite, (k&r'mcl'lt) n. a 
mendic.T!.t friar of Oie o-- 
dcr established on Moui.l 
Carmcl ; a kind of j>enr. 

Carminative, (knr-mm'a tU) 
n. a medicine v.-hich soothes 
by expelling wind from the 
stomach end bowels. 

Carminc.(kar'min)n. acrim- 
son color made from the 
eochincal insect ; a bright 
red dye or color* n. n«»«t. ta 

Carnage, Ocdr'naJ) n. destruc- 
tion of Uvcs : smuglitcr. 

Carnal, (karnal) o. fleshly; 
sensual ; unspiritual. 

Carnalist, (kar'nnf-iKt) n. a 
sensualist : a woi Idling. 

Carnality, (kar-nal'i-tij «. 
fleshly lust ond senxunlity. 

Carnation, (kar-r.a'shun) n. 
a flosh-colorcd flower. 

Camclian. ( kar-nCI- n J n. 
a. precious stone, or cnal- 
ccaony, red or white. 

Carnival, (kir'ne-ral) «. a 
papal festival twelve days 
Wort the fast of Lent. 

CmniivOTOus. (kAr^aiv'-Oi^iif ) 
— — — r— TWrf 


by Google 

A doubtful agreement is to be 
interpreted ag^nst the vendor. 
— Law Maxim. 

A muffled cat is a good mouser. 

A dead man does not make war. 

— Itauan. 
A friend sticks closer than a 




a. feeding on fleih;— n. csiw 
niT'ora, order of animals. 

Carol, (kar'ol) n. a song of 
joy, devotion, or praise ;— 
V. t. to warble ; to sing ; to 
praise in song |a,carolerio. 

Carotid, (ka-rdt*id} a. a term 
describing the two great 
arteries oT the neck which 
carry the blood from the 
heart to the head. 

CarcuBal,(ka-rou z'al)n. feast, 
noisy drinking bout. 

Carouse, '(ka-rouz') v. i. to 
drink freely and noisily. 

Carp, (karp) n. a voracious 
freah-water ftah;— «. t. to 
find fault ; to catch at er* 
rors t—ppr. carp'ing ;— pp. 
carped';— od. carp'ingly. 

Carpenter, (kar'pen-ter) n. a 
worker in wood ; a joiner t 
a builder of houses, ware* 
houves, factories, or ships. 

Carpentry, (kar^pen^tri ) n. 
the art of working ia wood; 
the art of building. 

Carpet, (kai^pet) «. a womted 
woven fabric, embroidered 
with various devices of 
fruits, animals, landscapes, 
&c.; a covering for a floor: 
—ppr. and n. carpeting; 
—pp. caKpeted;— V. t. to 
cover with a carpet 

Carpet-Bagger, (kar'pet'bag'- 
ger) n. In American politics 
one who has no stake in 
the community, yet lives 
by corrupt omcenoldiugt 
an alien who robs the peo- 
ple he temporarily reside^ 
among or governs. 

Carping, (kirp'ing)a. finding 
fault peevishly ;— ». cavil f 
censure; abuse. 

Carriage,(kar'nj)n. a vehicle; 
conveyance j behavior. 

Carrier, (kar'rc-er ) n. one 
who carries parcels ; a por- 
ter; in lata, an Express Co. 
is a common carrier. 

Carrion, (kar'ri-un) n. the 
daad and putrid body or 
flash of any animal ;— a. 
relating to. or feeding on, 
putrid flesh or insecta. 

Carronade, (kaf un-ftd) n. a 
short cannon of large bore. 

Carrot, (kafut) n. a garden 
vegetable of a yellowish 
color— rt. caKroty, reddish 

Cariy, (kaKrOv. I to baari 
to behave ; to convey t to 

transports to effect, gain or 
win i^ppr. car'rying i—pp. 
car'ried.— To carrff on, to 
be jolly ; to conduct bus- 
iness! to carry out or 
tArouffh, to follow instruc- 
tions ; accompIiKh ; to be 
ccu-ried atoaif, to be over^ 
come by feeling. 

Cart, (kart) n.a carriage with 
two wheels ;— j*. t. to con- 
vey in a cart?— ppr. earf- 
ing i—pp- carfed. 

CarUge, (kart'aj) n. the act 
or cost of carting. 

Carte, (kart> n. a bill of fare 
at a refreshment-room. 

Onrteblanche, (kart-Uonsh') 
n. blank pai>er, to be filled 
with conditions at the op- 
tion of the receiver I un- 
conditionnl terms. 

Carte-de-yisite, (kart-de-vir- 
it') n. a photographic por- 
trait on a small card. 

Cartel, Jkar'tel) n. an agree- 
ment for exchange of pri»- 
oners of war. 

Carter, (kart'er) n. drayman. 

Cartilage, ( kir'te-lfii) n. a 
tough elastic suDstance 
softer than bone ; gristle;— 
a. cartilag'inoiu , gzufly. 

Cartography, (k&r-tbr-n-fi') 
n. art of preparing charts. 

Cartoon, (kar-t66n') n. a pre- 
paratory drawingon strong 
paper, to be transferred to 
frescoes, tapestry, &c. 

Cartouch, (kar-t666h') n. a 
cartridge box ; a case for 
niiiskef-balls and powder. 

Cartridge,(kar'trij) n. a paper 
case, containirgthe charge 
for a gun or pistoL 

Cartesian, (kar-tG'zhi-an) a. 
relating to the French phi- 
losopher Des Cartes, or his 
philosophy i— n. oue who. 

Cartwright, (kArfrit) n. a 
maker or mender of carts. 

Carye.Ckan')'-. t. to cutivory, 
wooil an Ifttone; to make or 
shap'! fi!;ure!», devices, &c., 
by cutting; to cutmcat into 
pieces with a knife ; to ap- 
portion or distribute ;—».*. 
to exercise the trade of a 
sculptor ; to cut up or di« 
vide scien ti fically ; — ppr, 
carving i—pp. carved'. 

Carver, (kirVer) n. one who 
carves ; a sculptor; a knife. 

Caryatides, (kar-i-at'I<d$z)n. 

a number of female figures 
forming columns. 

Ca8eade,(ka8'k6d) n. a water- 
fall I a jet of water. 

Cascarilla, ( kns-ka-ril'U) 
n the xrfigrant bark of a 
Jamaica tree ; it forms an 
excellent tonic. 

Case, (kas) n. a covering ; 
box, or siieath ; state ; va- 
riation of nouns 5— u. t. to 
put in a case;— ppr. and n. 
cas'ing i—pp. cased'. 

Case-harden, (k&s'hard-n) v. 
t. to make hard on the out- 
side;— to sfee/ the heart. 

Case-knife, (kds'nif) n. a 
large table knife. 

Casemate, ( k&ii'mftt ) n. a 
bomb-proof chnmber or 
battery for catuion to be 
fired through embrasures. 

Casement, (kas'ment) n. the 
frame of a window; a win- 
dow that opens on hinges ; 
a hullow moulding. 

Caseous, (kfeS-us) a. refcm- 
biing or having the qual- 
ities of eheese i— ««. ua'aein. 

Case-shot, (kas'shot; n. halb 
or old iron in cases, to' be 
shot from cannons, &c. 

Cash, (knsh) n. money; coin; 
ready-money;— f. t. to con- 
vert into money ; to pay 
money for ',—ppr. cash'ih s 
pp. cmthed.' i—n.cttsA-hooJ:, 
a book for money accounts. 

Cashier, (kaKh-er'Ji n. u crish- 
kccppr; an officer of a 
bank t one who has rha-gr 
of money :— I*, f. todismis.- 
f rom an office ;—p/>r. cash- 
iering ;— pp. cnnhiered'. 

Cashmere, Ckash'm€r) n. a 
rich shawL so csllcd f rem 
Cashmere, in Indin. 

Cask, ( kask ) n. a hollow 
rouca vessel, or barrel, for 
holdinijliquor&cmadc o£ 
staves bound with hoops. 

Casket, ( kas'ket ) r. a Bm.ill 
box lor holding jewels. 

Casque, (kask) n. a helmet. 

Cassava, ( kas'sa-va ) n. a 
starch-like substance taken 

from the cassava plant. 

Cassia, (kn«li'ya) n. a sweet 

Sice made from the bark 
a laurel-tree ; wild cin- 
namon } the senna-t»ee. 
Caosimere, (kas'i-mSr) n. a 

twilled woollen cloth. 
Cassino, (kas-st'no) n. a gam* 


by Google 

A dead man has netdier relatives ! A desire to resist oppression is 
nor friends. — French. | implanted in the nature of men. 

A demon laughs at malerolent — Latin. 
thoughts. — Tamil. | A new broom sweeps clean. 



at cards; a iakx>n tor dane* 
ins, meetincs, ftc. 

Cassock, ( ok) n. a close 
frock-coat fox clergymen ; 
a loose cloak or gowu. 

Cassock'>d, ( ku'sokt ) a. 
clsthed wU!i a cassock. 

Cassowary, (kss'so-war-i) n. 
an ostricii-likc bird of E. I. 

Cast, (kast) r. t. [ pret. and 
pp. cast] to throw or flint; < 
to thrust or dhve» to throw 
tc^ther o- rcckjn; to 
mould or shape;— v. t. to 
receive fonn or shape i 
to turn in the mind; to 
warp $— n. a. casting i— n. a 
throw J the thing tlirowa ; 
the distance thrown t n 
motion, turn, or squin!, 
as of the eye ; a chance; 
a mould; the form recelTed 
from a mould J manner. 

Cast about ;— r. «. to turn t to 
go round ; to think of, 
surrey the situation, and 
seek a remedy (ir release. 

Castanet, (kaa'ta-net) n. the 
hard shells strunjg in pairs 
which are struck together 
to make dxnce music. 

Castaway, (kast'a-wa)n. one 
abandoned to destruction. 

Caste, (kist) n. a tribe of tlie 
same profession ; a dbtinc- 
tion prevalent in India. 

CasteUate 1, (kas'tsl-at-ed) o. 
turrcted like a castle. 

Caster, (kasfer) n. one who 
costs ; a small wheel on 
thele^of furniture iTuefe. 

Castei-s. (kast'crz) ». a silver 
stind, Ac., for bottles con- 
taining condiments. 

Costigatir.n, (kns-ti-f(a-shun) 
n. repressive remedy ; chns- 
tisement; punishment;— 
V. t. c iHtigate v^ppr. cns'ti- 
gating ;— ,'^. cgu'tigatcd'. 

Casting, (knsf in*:) n. set of 
costint;; that which U cast 
or moulded ; throwing ; 
computing; contri%'once. 

Casting-vote, (.kast'inir-vdt) 
n. a vote that decides a 

Sucstion ; the presiding of- 
cer's vote in case of a tie. 
CosUp, (kas'sl) n. a fortified 
hOiiKe or fortress ; an el- 
egant, spncinus mansion. 
Castlc-buildinar. (kas'1-hild- 
ing) n. builaine castles in 
the flir, or forming vinion- 
ary plans | wild Khemea. 

Cast-o£r, (kasfof:) pp. or a. 
rejected ; 1 aid aside. 

Castor, (kas'ter) n. a bearer. 

Castor'«il, (kus'tcr^oil) n. a 
gentle aperient oil, obtain- 
ed from a t. opical plant. 

Castrate, (kas'trat) v. <. to 
emasculate or geld t to cut 
or deprive of tlxc power cf 
generation ; to render im- 
perfect;— p/>r. eas'tr&ting;— 
Ijp.eos'trAted'; n.castration. 

Casual, (kazh'Jt-al) a. hap- 

Scning by chance ; inci- 
cntal ; fortuitous ; with- 
out design ; — ad. cas'ually. 

Casualty (kazh'u-al-ti) 
accident, chance, loss ithat 
which falls out ; injurv. 

Casuistry, (kazh'O-is-tri) n. 
the science or doctrine of 
cases of conscience i~- a. 
casuisfical|~^. eas'ubt 

Cat, (kat) II. a common do- 
mestic animal; a whip used 
for punishing criminals. 

Catacnrcsis, ( kat'a-kri-sis ) 
an ebuse of a trope. 

Catadvsm, (kafn-kllzro) n. 
a deluge ; a vast flood . 

CataconiD, (kafa-kOm) n. a 
cave ill the earth or rocks 
for interring dead bodies. 

Catacoustics, ( kat-a-kous'- 
tiks) n. pi. science of re- 
flected sounds or echoes. 

Catadioptnc. ( kai-a-di-op'- 
trik) a. reflecting light, etc. 

Catafalque, (kat-a-faik') n. a 
teraporaiy structure rcprc- 
scntingatombor cenotaph; 
a tomb of state. 

Catalepsy, (kct'a-lep-si) n. a 
disease which suddenly 
suspends motion and sen- 
sation \—a. catalep'tic. 

Catalogue, ( kafa-iog ) tt. a 
list of names, books. &c.; — 
V. t. to put in a catalogue i 
—ppr. cataloguing I— pp. 
cafaloguedi airauged. 

Catamaran .(kat'n-ma>ran ) «. 
a raft made of planks used 
in India or Brazil. 

Catamount, (kat'a-mount) n. 
a wild cat : Am. tiger. 

Cataplasm, (kafa-plazm) ». 
a kmd of ccf t poultice. 

Catapult, (Hnfa-pult) n. an 
ancient military engine for 
throwing darts, stones, ftc; 
a boy's instrument for 
throwmg small stones. 

Cataract, (kat'a.rakt) n. a 

large waterfall | idisorder 
in the eye which comes on 
as if a veil fell before it. 

Catarrh, ( ko-tar' ) n. great 
secretion from a mucous 
membrane, especially of 
the nose ; an influenza. 

Catastrophe, (ka-Urtrd-fS) 
mfincicvcnt ; unfortunate 
conclusion ; calamity. 

CatKsalU (karkawl) n. utter- 
ances to condemn plays 
often heard in theaters. 

Catch, (kach) v. t. [prct. and 
pp. caught] to overtake; 
ro trap ; to seize ; — r. t. to 
spread as a disease ; to be 
contagioiu ; to arrest the 
eye;— a. catch'able;— m. act 
of seizing ; anything that 
sciaes rr holds; that which 
is caught; advantage taken ; 
a bargain ; gain ; a song ^— 
H. catch 'er i —ppr. or a. 
catch'ing, infectious. 

Catchpenny, (kach'pcn-ni) 
n. any worthless thing ;— 
esp. a publication intended 
merely to gain money. 

Catchup,(kach'up)n. a sauce 
prepai-ed from mushrooms. 

Catch-word, (kach'wurd) n. 
a popular phrase, having 
no real significance, used to 
get up excitement among 
parties and sects ; the first 
word of a page given at 
the end of the preceding 
page :Oue to actor'n parts. 

Catechetical, (kat-€.kef ik<«I) 
a. consisting of questions 
and answers ;— ;». catachet- 
ics i—ad. catcchctically. 

Catcchi..e, (kofe-klz) r, t. to 
question s to examine ; to 
teach by question and an- 
swer ',—pj.r. eat'echlsing ; 
— m>. cat'cchlscd ;— n. cat'- 
dcniser, catechlst , one who 
teaches Christianity. 

Catechism, (kate-kizm) n.a 
book ot questions and an- 
swers on various subjects. 

Catechu, (kat'e-ku) n. an as- 
tringent extract. 

Catechumen, (ka!-Sku-men) 
n. a student of the rudi- 
ments of Christianitr. 

Category, (kat'e-gor-i) n. a 
elass, rank, or order of 
ideasi state or situation ; a 
predicament ;— a. Cfitegor'- 
ical, positive, absolute. 

Cater, (ki'ter) r. ». to provide 


by Google 

A friend Is not knowli dU he is 


He hath eaten me out of house 
and home.-^HAKESPEARB. 

A friend Is one soul la two 
bodies. (Gr*k.)^-AiasTOTLE. 

A friend to all is a friend to 




food, and prepare it for the 
table i—n. ci'terer ca'tere«B 

Cater-comcred, (kat'er-kom- 
erd) a. diasonoUy ; crooked 

Caterpillar, (kat'er-pil-lar.) n. 
t}ie wo mi state of butter- 
flies t a grub that Uvea upon 
the leaves of plants. 

Caterwaul, (kat er-wawl)!*. •'. 
to cry an cats, orodiously. 

Catsut, (kat'gut) n. intestines 
of the sheep, ftc., twisted 
for violin strings, etc. 

Cathartic, ( ka-tliar'tlk ) a. 
purgative ;—n. a purge. 

Cath^dml (ka-thi'dral) h. tha 
principal church in a dio- 
cese s-'O. £pi»copal. 

Catholic, ( kath'o-lik ) a. 
univeisal ; relating to all 
Christians x liberal. 

Gatholicism, (ka-thol'i-sizni) 
n. the tenets of the R. 
Catholic church; univer- 
salitT; liberality, orbrcadth 
of view ;— n. catholic'ity. 

Catholicon, (ko-tholl-kon) 
n. a universal medicine. 

Catkin, (kat'kin) n. a calyx j 
a loose cluster of flowers 
resembling a cat's taiU 
growing on certain trees, 
as liazcls and willows. &c. 

Catnip, (kat'nip) n. a fra- 
grant herb, the tea of which 
is used forcolic, flatulence, 
&c.. especially in children. 

Cat^'-nfne-tails, f kat-C-ntn'- 
tals) n. a whip for punish- 
ment with nine lashes. 

Catoptrics, (ka^op'triks) n. 
the part of optics which 
ti-ents of rfjlected hght. 

Cat's-paw, (kats'paw) n. tha 
dune or tool of another t a 
light rippling breeze. 

CatVtsils, n. a tall plant 
growing generally on salt 
meadows, with rounded 
heads resembling tails, and 
covered with a soft sub« 

stance used to fill cheap 
mattresses, seat chairs, &o. 

CatUe, (kari) n. pi. beasts of 
pasture ; bovine animals. 

Caucus, (kaw-Vfit;| n. a meet- 
ing of the leading politi- 
cians of a partv To agree 
upon the plans to be pur- 
sued and the candidates to 
be nominated in an ap- 
proaching election. 

Caudal, (kaw'dfil)a. pertain- 
ing to the tail i or to the 
thread which terminates 
the seeds of a plant 

Caudle, (kaw-di) n. a mix- 
ture of wine and other in- 
gredients for sick persons. 

Caught, (kawt)7>ref. uudpp. 
of Catch : apprehended. 

Caul, (kawl) n. a membrane 
covering the lower part of 
the bowels » also covering 
the head of some infants 
at their birthi a net or cov- 
ering for the head; rear. 

Cauliflower, (kaw'li-flow-er) 
n. a species of cabbage. 

Causality, (kawz'al'i-tl> n. 
the supposed faculty of 
tracing effects to causes; 
the agener of a cause. 

Causation, (kawz-i'shun) n. 
the act of causing, or pro- 
ducing ; the working of a 
cause in producing enects. 

Causative, <kawz'tt-tiv) a. 
that expresses a cause ; 
causing:— o(/. caus'atlvcly. 

Cause, (kawz)n. that which 

f>ro<luces an effect ; a suit 
n law ; motive : re.-son ; 
inducement; an object 
sought ;— V. t. to proflucc ; 
to bring about; to make; to 
exist;— ppr. causing i—pp. 
caused'; — a. caun'al. 

Causeless, (kawz'leK) a. hav- 
ing no cause or occasion ; 
— <xd. cause ' lessly ; — n. 
causeiessness to. caus'able. 

Causeway, (kawz'wi) n. a 
pathway raised and paved 
with ftcnes, generally over 
wet ground oxause'wayed. 

Caustic, (kaws'tik) a. burn- 
ing; wasting away; severe; 
cutting ;— n. a substance 
that bums and corrodes 
the flesh;— m/. caus'tically. 

Causticity, (kaws-tis'i-tl) n. 
the quality of burning or 
corroding ; great seventy. 

Cauterize. (kaWter-lz) v. t. 

to bum or sear with a hot 
Iron or caustic;— ppr. cou'- 
terfzing ;—pp. cau'terized. 

Cauteri zation ,( kaw-te r-i z-a'- 
shun), cauterism, (kaw'- 
ter-izra), cautery, fknw'- 
ter-i)n. a searing with a hot 
iron or caustics as flesh. 

Caution, (kaw'shun) n. pru- 
dence; care ; fort-sight ; se- 
curity ; counsel ; warning ; 
— V. t. to warn ; to advwe 
against : to admonish ; to 
give notice of Ataxgeri-ppr. 
cau'tioning ; pp.cau'tioned' 

Cautionary, (kaw'shun-ar-i) 
a. containing caution; giv- 
en as a pledge i warning. 

Cautious.(kaw'shus)a. wary; 
possessing or using cau- 
tion ; careful ; wotchful ; 
prudent ;—ad. cuu'tiously; 
— n. cau'tiousness, care. 

Cavalcade, (kav'al-kad) n. a 
train of persons on horses. 

Cavalier, (kav-n-16r') n. a 
horseman ; a knight ;— a. 
gav ; haughty ; warlike;— 
OCT. cavaiier'ly, proudly. 

Cavalry, (kavlfil-ri) n. sol- 
diers mounted on horses. 

Cave, (kiv) n. a don ; a hol- 
low place in the earth ;— v. 
I. to hollow ;— ». f. to 
dwell in a cave; to cave in; 
to fnll in. and leave a hole. 

Caveat, (kd'v£-at; n. a notice 
to stop proceedings in a 
court; warning; a negative. 

Cavcm, (kav'crn) m. a deep 
hollow place in the eorth ; 
— «. cav'erned', lodecd in a 
cavcm; cav'ernou8,iiollow. 

Caviare, (kav-i-Ar') n. an ar- 
ticle of food made from 
the salted roes of the stur- 
geon Riul other fish. 

Cavil, (kaVil) r. t. to find 
fault without good reason ; 
tor.;isc captious or trifling 
objections ; to use false ar- 
guments:— ;>;>r.cav'iling;— 
pp. cav'illcd ;— «. false or 
frivolous objections ; — «. 
cav'iller.a captious person. 

Cavity, (kav'i-tl) ». a hollow 
place ; a depression. 

Caw, (kaw) v. i. to cry as a 
rook, crow, or raven ; — n. 
the cry of the crow, rook, 
or raven ; al*o caMTing. 

Cayenne, (kfi-en*) n. a vei^ 
pungent pepper, from the 
fruit of capsicum. 


by Google 

A Mend tdtererybbdy U ft fiieikd 

to ttobody. -^Spanish. 
A fri^nd^s fattlt^ ishotild be 

known, but nbt abhorredi 

FiAt ^mMI) b jdegrees« ^d beao- 

tifuHy fess.— PiiiOR. 
A green (YUle) Christmas makes 

a OX diiii^-yard; 




C«ytnan, Oc&'man) ta. a name 
oftheaU^tor. (Vm.) 

Cazique.Cka-z^kOn. an In- 
dian chief ot king. (8i>.j 

Ceaae, (sis) o. t. tu stop ; to 
leave off ; to abstain ; to 
give over x—v. t. to put aii 
end to \-^i>pr. ceas'inx ;— 
jgp. ceased':— a. ceaMTieas, 
never ceasing, incessant 

Cedar, (ni'der) «. a larxe 
•vcivreen tree remarkable 
for the durabilitj and f ni> 
^nce of its wood t— a. 
BMuteof cedar t cedared. 

Cede, (8«d) r. t. to yield ; to 
give up ; to relinquish ;— 

Sir. eid'inz ;— pp. ced'ed. 
rine,(»6'arin)a. belong- 
ing to the cedar tree. 

Ceil. inS\)v. t. to lino or plas- 
ter the roof of a room. 

Ceiling, f sel'ing) n. overlay, 
ing with boards ; the coat 
of plaster that seals up the 
lata overhead in a room. 

Celandine, (oeran-dihe) n. a 
planet called sWallow-wort, 
rescinbling a poppy. 

Celature, (Mel'a-tur) n. an en- 
graving X art of engraving. 

Celebrate, (sel-S-brat) r. t. to 
praise ; to extol ; to distin- 
guish by marks of honor t 
to observe a day ; — ppr. 
cerebriting; pa.cel'€br&ted 

Celebration, (sel-«-brfc4hnn) 
11. n commemorating with 
praise or ceremomes x re- 
no"wn ;— n. ccl'cbrator. 

Celebrity. (sg-leb>i-ti) n. 

Eublic fame ; renown ; his- 
mcai reputation ; a dis- 
tinguishea name. 

Ceienty, (»e-ler'i.»i)n. swift- 
ness; grent speed; velocity; 
rapidity of motion or mind. 

Celery, (sel'er-I) n. a plant 
whose leaves are eristjted or 

' bUaehert by a bnnkmg of 
earth, and which in culti- 
vated for use aH a salad.. 

Celestial, (sg-lest'yal) a. 
heavenly ; dwelling in 
heaven ; in the visible 

- heavens;— n. an inhabitant 

- of heaven x-'ocl. celestially 
Celiac, Cei'li-«ik) a. pertain- 

• ing to the intestines. 
Celibacy ,(seVi-b«-Bi) r. single 

• life ; unmarried state. 

ICcHbate. (eel'i-b&t) a. per- 
y Jain 1m g to n single life;— n. 
^ [ '^ namarried person. 
^ h »a I ■ I ■ 1 ■ 

Cell, X»el) n. a amatl room i 
any inMU eavity or hallow 
place ; a retreat ; a cave. 

Cellar, (seMer) n. a room un- 
der a house, where ph^ 
viaions, *e., are kept. 

Cellarage, (sencr-ij) n. cel- 
lars in general % space for 
efcllars ; charge foratorage. 

Cellular, (sel'u-Iar) d. con- 
sisting of minute sacs. 

CelluloM. (sel'n-loyd) n, a 
hard substance eusceptible 
of high polish, manufac- 
tured from gun cotton and 
camphor, antl used for 
pencil birrels. Jewelry. 
collars, etc. ; saperceding 
rubber in many of the arts. 

Cellulose, (sel'Q-lose) n. the 
carbon, hydrogen andoxy- 

Esn consotuting the cellu- 
r tissues of plants. 

Celt, (selt) H. primitive In- 
habitant of Central Asia 
and Europe ; a prehistoric 
implement of ^tone or 
bronze ; — a. celfic. 

anything that makes two 
bodies stick together ; a 
bond of union ;— 1». f. to 

^in clos<'ly ;— ». i. to unite 
sethcrbyaome cohesive 
•iibrtance i to cohere i—ppr. 
eSmentlng; pp. cemenfcd. 

Cemcntatton, (sfi-rocn-ta- 
shun) n. the act of uniting 
by cement ; the process by 
which iron is turned into 
etecl, glass into porcelain, 
Ac. by being aurrounded 
With a cement or powder 
and expoaed to heat. 

Cemetery, (sem'S-ter-i) n. a 

ftlace for the interment of 
he dead ;— «. cem'etral. 

Cenobite, (sen'fl-blt) n. a 
monk who livoe in a con- 
vent, or in a community. 

Cenotaph, <acn 6-taf ) ». a 
ment to 
the me- 
ory of 
one bur- 
ied else- 

ff. a pan 
in whicli 
or any- 

I M il l I I. 1- ■ ■ , t,^tii,tmi»mm 

thing is burned t a bottle 
with a perforated top used 
for sprinkling perfumes. 

Cense, (sens) v. t. to perfume 

Censor, (sen'sor) n . a Roman 
magistrate ; one who re- 
vises manuscripts for the 
press; one who cenfures 
or blames^-ll. consoi'i'hip. 

Censorious. (soo-sO'ti-uiO a. 
severe t blaniing t full of 
invectives; captious; prone 
to fitad fault;— acf. ceiis'- 
orionsly ;— m. censc'rious- 
nesa ;— a. censo'rial. 

deserving \)t censure and 
blame ;— n. cen'surable- 
ncss x—ad. cen'surably. 

Censure, ^scn'shur) »». unfa- 
vorable judgment ; blame; 
reproach ; fault-finding ;— 
V. (. to find fault with ; to 
blame; to condemn;— ppr. 
eenstli^ing;— Tm.censfired'. 

Census, (sen'sus) n. an ofll 
cial enomeraooili of the 
inhabitants of • countiy, 
or of a class or denomina- 
tion i—a. cen'sual. 

Cent, (sent) n. the hundreth 
part of a dollar, made of 
copper, nickel or bronze. 

Centaur, (sen'tawr) n. fabu- 
lous monster with the head, 
tnink and arms of a man. 
joined to th« trunk and 
extremities of a hone : 
Archer, one of the signs of 
the Zodiac ; constellatioa. 

Centaury, (sen'taw-ry) n. a 
plant having the tonu: pro- 
perties of gentian. 

Centennial, (sen-ton'ni-al) a. 
consisting of or happening 
in a hundred years;— a. 
and n. centen'ftry, happen- 
ing eveiy 100 years as a 
emtenartf feitival: num- 
ber of a 100 ^-n- eentenft'- 
rian, aperson lOOyears old. 

Center, (aea'tor) n. the mid> 


by Google 

For by old proverbs It appears, 
that walls have tongues, and 
hedges ears. — Swift. 

A good life defers wrinkles. 

A failure establbhes only this, 
that our determination to suc- 
ceed was not strong enough. 

A good heart cannot lie. — Hb. 




die point of » thing, a» of 
a circle i—v. t.oruto place 
on or collect to a center : to 
be placed in the middle { 
to meet ; to gravitate, as to 


the point where all the 
parts of a body balance 
each other ;—n. cen'tring. 

Centesimation, (sen-tev'i-mi^ 
Bhan ) u. selection of every 
hundredth person for some 
particular purpose ; — a. 
centes'imsi, kwtaredth. 

Ccntifolius, (sen-ti-fo'li-us) 
a. havingatxundred leave*. 

Centijgrade, v sen'ti-«rad ) a. 
divided into 100 dcg., as a 
Centig. thermometer. 

Centime, (sen-tlm*) j«. the 
hundredth part of a franc. 

Centimeter, (sen'ti-mft-tr) n. 
a lineal measure of ramer 
more than 39-IOOths of an 
inch; lOOdth part of a meter 

Centipede, (sen'ti-ped^ n. a 
poisonous msect with a 
hundred or niany/eet. 

Central, (sen'tral) centric, 
(scn'trik) centrical, (aen'- 
trik - nl ) af(;5. relating to. 

placed in, containing or 
constituting the center } 
ads. cen'trtulj, cen'trically 

Centralism, (sen'tral-izm) n. 
the combination of several 
•rts into one ; — n. cen- 

trfll'ity, state of a center. 

ilize. (sei ■ ' ' ; 
to draw to a center i—ppr. 

Centralize, (sen-tral-iz) v. t. 

cen'tralizing ;— pp. cen'- 
tralized ; — n. centraliza'- 
tion, concentration of pow- 
er in the National Govt. 
Center-bit, (sen'ter-bit) n. a 
joiner's tool 


turning on a 
Centiifugal, (sen- 
trif'fl-gal) a. 
tending to re- 
cede from the 
center » as re- 
volving planets, 
or plants which 
commence t o 
flo-.rer at the 
summit or center 

Centripetal, (sen-trip''e>tal)a. 
tending to the center i as 
ulanets held in their orbits 
by the attraction of the 
sun, or plants flowering 
from the base or circum- 
ference towards the center. 

Century, (scn'tu-ri> n. the 
period of a hundred years; 
a hundred of anything;— 
<i.»'.cen'tuple ;— n». ccn'tu- 
pling.a hundred fold; ccn'- 
iurion, ancient Roman 
commander of 100 men. 

Cephalic, (se-fal'ik) a. relat- 
ing to the head ; — a. a mcd- 
icme for tlie head fiche. 

Ceramic, (se-ram'ik) a. per- 
taining to pottery. 

Cerate, Cao'rfit) n. a thick 
ointment made of wax and 
oil;— a. ecracious of wax. 

Cere, (serc>u. the naked wax- 
like skin that rovers the 
base of the bill in seme 
birds;— v.t. to wax or cover 
with wax ;— MJr. cer'ing. 

Cereals, (ee-re-alz)a. wheat, 
rye, oats, barley, tec, cul- 
tivated as articles of food. 

Cerebellum, (ser'e-bcrnm)n. 
the little brain » tlie hinder 
and lowerpart of the brain. 

Cerebral, (scr-e'brel) a. re- 
lating to the ccrebrnm. 

Cerebrum, (Rer'e-brum) a. 
the upper and laiger por- 
tion of the brain. 

Cerecloth, (ser-kloth) cere- 
ment, (ser'ment) a. cloth 
dipped in melted wax, in 
which to wrap a dead hodv. 

Ceremonial, (ser-e-rad'ni-al ) 
a. relating to ceremony ; 
formal, as a ritnsl :— n. out- 
ward form or rite; pre- 
scribed formality. 

Ceremonious, (ser-i-in&'-ni- 
ju) a, stiff t exact ; pre- 
cise ; awful ; civil and for- 
mal to a fault ; — ad. cerc'- 
mdniously ;— a«. oercmfi'- 
viousness, ceremonialism. 

Ceremony, ( sef^ m(Wni ) a. 
a sacred rite ; forms of civ- 
ilitv; external forms of 
state or r I religion. 

Ceres, (se'rez) «. (mjrth.y the 

Soddcss of tillage and com ; 
aagh*r of 8fttum and Ops 
Ceriferous, (sfi-rifcr-us} o. 
producing wax ; o,ce'rcTUS 
Cerine. (s<'rin)n. the portion 
of wtuc which disooires in 

boiling alcohol t a wazr 
substance obtained by boil- 
ing grated cork in alcohol. 

Cerography, (t4-rog'ra-fi) n. 
the art of writing or en- 
grevinson waxed platea 

Certain, (ser'tau) a. sure ; 
without doubt ; regular 
ascertained ; firmly Hxed . 
decided; that cannot be 
denied » some { one ; — cut. 
cer'tainiy ;— ». cer'tainty. 

CertestCser'tc z) eul. certainly 

Certifleate, (ser-tif'i-kitr a. 
a written testimony ; a 
writing to attest a fact ;— 
V. I. to give a certificate ;- 
V. i. to be° veriflfid by a 
certificate ;—»».'«. eertiCcA- 
tion, a bank's written en- 
dorsement on the face of a 
check. Ac. ( passport ; no^ 
ticc ; cer'tiaer, be who as- 
sures ; — a. rertiricatcd. 

Certify, (sei'tirf O v. t. togive 
certain notice; to make 
known } to attest ; to de- 
clare in writing:— mpr. cer*- 
tifying;--Rp. ecr'tifled. 

Certiorari, C?er-«hi-o-]a'ri) n. 
in tour, writ from asupcrior 
addressed to an inferior 
court, calling for the rec- 
ords of a cause. 

Cerulean, ( se-riile-an ) n. 
azure ; sky-colored blue. 

Cerumen, (se-roO'men) n. tht 
unctuous humor, similar 
to wax,aecreted in the ear ; 
— o. ceru'minous, waxy. 

Ceruse, (sg'rus) a. white 
lead or the native carbon- 
ate of kad, used as a med- 
icine and for cosmetics. 

Cervical, (ser'TiJsal) a. be- 
longing to the neck. 

Cervine, (aer'vln) a. pertain- 
ing to the deer or stag. 

Cassation, (ses-&'shuu) n. 
stop ; pause ; respite ; rest. 

Cession, (sesh'un) a. agiving 
up ; surrenderinr. 

Cesspool, (ses'pooi) n. a ca- 
vity to receive filth. 

Cestus, (ses'tns)a. an em- 
broidered girdle ; girdle of 
Venus f marriage girdle. 

Cesura. (se-zii'ra) a pause or 
division inverse; a. cesiiral 

Cetaceous, (se-taTshus) a. b«- 
lohgrinff to fishes of the 
whale Kind ; — n. ccta'cea. 

Chofe. (chaf ) v. U and i. 
to rub, or wear off the 


by Google 

A fair foe is better ^han a false 

A faithful friend is the true 

image of the Deity. — Fr. 

A faithless wife is the shipwredc 
of her husband's fortunes. 

A false balance is an abomina- 
tion to the Lord. 




sUiu ; to fret, or ircar, or 
nuke hot by rubbing; to 
g ill ; to T::cite ; to vex or 
enrage ;— /jtw. ch4f'ing ;— 
pp. chafed'; n. heat caused 
uy rubbiug; rage ; passion. 

Chafer, (choi-'er) n. a beetle. 

Chaff, ''enaf ) n. the Iiusks of 
pmin ; empty ; worthless. 

Ciiaffer, (chaffer) r. t. or t. 
to bai-goin, to buy ; to hag- 
gle about a purchase ;—2>pr. 
or a. chaf'fering ;— p/?. 
chaffered j— «. ehafferer. 

Chaffy, (chal'fi)a. abound- 
ing with chaff ; worthless. 

Chatfinch, (chaf finsJi) n. a 
little chattering song-bird. 

Chagrin, fsha-grcn') n. a 
keen feeling of ill-humor ; 
vexation; that which wears 
or gnaw» the mind ;— r. t. 
to vex ; to mortify. 

Chain, (chan^ n. a line of 
connected links; a num- 
ber of tilings coming after 
each other ; anything that 
binds t a measure of 100 
links (66feet); — v. U to 
fasten with a cliain ; to 
make fast ; to eniilave ; to 
enthral ; to, unite ;— /tjt. 
chain'ing ;—/)/>. chrined'. 

Chain-pump, ( chao'pump ) 
n. a pump used in ships, 
consisting of an endless 
chain, holding buckets. 

Chain-ehot, (chan'shot)n.j;?. 
two balls connected by a 
chain ; a destructive missile 
in naval warfare. 

Chair, (chir) n. a movable 
seat ; the ofBce of a profes- 
sor or one in authority ;— 
fig. the nresiding officer of 
any deliberative body ;--n. 
chairman, a president. 

Chaise, (shaz) n. a two- 
wheeled one-horse carriage 

Chalcedony, (kal-sed'O-ni) n. 
a precious stone ; a quartz 
of a milk.flnd-watCT color. 

Chalcography, (kal-kog'ra- 
fi) n. the art of engraving 
on brass or copper. 

Chnldaic. (kal-drik). chal- 
dee, (kal'de) a. relating to 
ChaMea, in Asia. 

Chaldron. ( ch&I'dran ) n. a | 

coal measure of 2G bushels. 

Chalice, (chal'Li) n. a com- 
munion cup; a.cup orlowl. 

Chalk, (chawk) n. a white 
calcareous earth ; carbon- 
ate of lime ; — v. t. to mark 
with chalk \—ppr. chalk'- 
ing : — 7>p. ch&iked' ; — a. 
chalk'y ;— n. chalk'iness. 

Challenge, (cliul'lenj) v. «. to 
clahn ; to call to lignt or to 
settle a matter by debate 
or in any other way; to ob- 
ject to ! to accuse i—ppr. 
challVnging ; — ;\'>. chall'- 
enged;— H. a summons to a 
contest of uiiy kind : ex- 
ception to a juror ; the de- 
mand of a sentry; — n. 
chnll'enggr ; — acf. chall> 
engcablc, debatable, Lc. 

Chalybeate, (ka-lib'c-at) n. 
water opregnated with 
iron ;— a, containing iron. 

Chamber, (,ch&m'ber) n. an 
upper or private room ; a 
hall of justice ; the back 
end of the bore of a gun;— 
ol. chambers, a court which 
nears and grants motions, 
but does not try causes ;— 
o. chain 'bered, having 
chambers, ascertain shells. 

Chambering, (cham'ber-^ng) 
«. wanton, lewd behavior. 

Chamberlain, (cham'bcr-lin) 
n. treasurer of a city or 
corporation ; an overseer. 

Chamber-jnaid, (cham'ber- 
m&d)ii. a female who has 
care of bed-chambers, &c. 

Chameleon, (ka-mcl'yun) n. 
a small lizard, living In 
trees, whose color changes 
with its position to the light 

Chamfer, (cham'f er) v. t. to 
cut into n sloping edge ; to 
cut grooves ; to slope. 

Chamois, (sha'moi) n. a kind 
of antelope, or goat ; a soft 
white leather made of goat 
or sheep's skin. 

Chamomile, (kam'0-mll) »i. 
the groundapple, the dried 
leaves of which have a bit- 
ter taste and apple smell. 

Champ, (champ) v. t. or i. to 
bite or chew ; to strike the 
teeth together as a hor^e on 
its bits •,—ppr. champ'ing ; 
—pp. champed'; a. chewed 

Champagne, (sham'pan) n. 
a brisk sparkling wine. 

Champaign, (sham'p&n') n. 

a flat open country;— o. 
level ; flat ; open. 

Champion, (chani'piK>n) n. 
a combatant ;one wlio en- 
gages in a successful con- 
test, or espouses a cause 
with spirit ; a hero; friend. 

Chance, (chans) u. an un- 
foreseen occurrence ; ribk: 
opportunity; possibility of 
something happening \—v. 
i. to happen ; to come un- 
expected! v ;— V. t. to risk. 

Chancer, (chan'scl) «. part of 
a cliurcli whe;e the com- 
munion-table \i placed. 

Chancellor, (chan'sel-lor) n. 
an ofiicer of a university ; 
judge of a Court of Chan- 
cery or other court; — n. 

Chance-medley, (chans '- 
mcd-li) n. the killing of a 
person by chance or in 
self .defence; ahap-hazard 
afTray , or qaarrel. 

Chandelier, ^shon-d5-l2rO n. 
a frame with branches for 
holding lights suspended, 

CHiandler, (chandier) n. a 
general dealer in goods. 

Chandlery, (chand'lciwi J n. 
tilings sold by a chandler. 

Change, (chanj) v. t. or i. to 
alter ; to exchange ; to put 
or give one person or thing 
for another ; to make to 
pass from one state to an- 
other I to suffer change ; 
on *C7ian0e,brokers*bd. I a, 
cliingcd' ;— ». alteration or 
variation of any kind; nov- 
elty ; variety ; small coin. 

Changeable, (chanj'a-bl) a. 
fickle; inconstant; vari- 
able : wavering ; unstable. 

Changeableness, (chcnj'a-bl- 
ncs) n. the anality of be- 
ing changeable; mutability 

Changeful, (chanj 'fuH a. 
f ullof change : mutaole ; 
fickle ; uncertain ; varied. 

Changeless, (ehinj'lcs) a. 
constant ; unchanging. 

Changeling, (channing) n, a 
child t-ikcn orleiftin place 
of another ; a wavercr. 

Channel, (chan'nel) n. the 
bed of B fctreani of •water ; 
the deeper part of a strait, 
bay or harbor ; a strait, or 
narrow sea; means of pass- 
ing or conveying ; a fur- 
row ; — V. t. to cut into 


by Google 

A family divided ^idnst ic^ 
will perish t(^ether. — TMtiu 

A father's love, for all other is 
air.— Spanish. 

A fault confessed is ^alf re- 

A fault is mad^ worse by ea- 
deavdricg to ooiioeal it. 



inzi — pp. and «. chaa- 
n^ed <. grooved, worn. 
Chtnt, (chanQ v. L or «. to 
tiag ; t» celebrate in song j 

to recite m a siufing man- 
ner ;— ;>yr. «hannng ;— jufp. 
chtnt'el ?— n. chant'cr, ft 

{inblie singer ; the tenoror 
reble |npc ; a kind of 
Mercd music, is wMch 
prose M suits; ; a melody. 

ChaRtic!eer, fchant'j-kTer| «. 
m-Ue of dotnc!<tie fowls. 

Chaatiy, (chant'ri) Ji.a cliay- 
el far c/taHtms nuuscs. 

CliAAA, (kft'os) m. oontwme^ 
shapeleM mitiss; 4isorAer? 
the irtate of mntter before 
it w.ts divided tat* its pro- 
per classes and cleaients i 
— «. ckitotic, coafiMied. 

Chap, (eh«p) «. a clcft,jFBp, 
crack or ckiak ; tSte jnv ;— 
pi. the niotth; — ». f.toctit; 
to cleave or fiplit, as wood:; 
to crack, as the nenh;— euc. 
to crack or open i« «>lits ;— 
ppr. chapp'ias J— />p. or a. 
chapped^ or chaiit, roMgh 
skin ^-Cliap, m. arontkor 
boy ^ a fellow. (xvJloquial). 

Chape, (chii)|«. athia plate 
at the pointof n«cnh'bard; 
catck of a buckle. Ire. 

Chapel, (cknp'elj «. a ^iJace 
of rcK^eas vorshtp. 

Chaiieron, (shaa'c-rftn) r. t. 
to attead oa aiady in pub- 
lic 5— ju one who attends a 
lady in pnVlle plicps a«a 
protectar j— /ft. n Inv)-!. 

Chap-f aHen , tchap -f a wln><i. 
cast d«wa i delected. 

Chapiter, (chapiter) n. the 
heud or capital ot « col- 
umn i iotp fmn of a liltar. 

ChnpUln, Cckap-HnJ •. a 
clen^ymaa who ofnciates 
In ConxresA, in « regiment, 
a pabKc iasdtntkm. a fam- 
ily or achapd »— n.«. ekap- 
lalncy, chtn'l^™»hip. 

Chaplet, (chaplcl) n. a g%r- 

Qland or 
for the 
VeM4 ft 
mA«> H. 
« neTthant t p«T«h»ser. 
ChftPPftrraU (eha^par<«l) n. 

ft tract of land covered 
vith tkonis and basket. 

Ckapten <ckAp'tert «. divi- 
uoBOZ ftlxMki braackof 
aaoetety or f rftternity. 

Char, (cliar) v. Cto reduce 
to coat or carbon t— a. char- 
red', burnt to charcoal. 

Character, (kor'ak-ter) n. a 
letter, siinior figurei fieeu- 
fiar quality ; reputation ; 
desenptioB of ilie^uaiitics 
of a peieom or thiny. 

Ckaracteiistie, (kar-ek-ter- 
i8'hk)<i. constatotiacchar- 
«cter 1 — II . that whtca dis- 
tiaxnishes a peraoo from 
otktrrs;— «Kf. characAeris- 
ticaliy, in osc^sowa way. 

Characlenze. (kiu'Alc-tei^') 4 
r. t. t» desenke by pecu- 
liar <4ua1itie« « te give a 
character to 1 to distin- 

f:ui«h i—ppr. ehametcrtc- 
nj ;—/»/>. ckaractertaed'. 

Charadcl (shit-ridl "• • kind 
of riddle in which a word 
aad each irHokle contaia 
aa caicmaf play on worda. 

Charcoal, <ehai^k61> «. eoal 
nside by charrin^or bum- 
in j wood tmderturf. 

Charjte, (chArj) v. t. te ♦st- 
hort; to command; to im- 
ptfie to; to |)utto the ac- 
count of : tn load : to make 
on oBset i^ppr. charjf'm;;? 
— pp. ehirffcd' s — «. ex- 
pense; inrtrucSon j con>- 
raand ; exhortation ; the 
load of powde-,:Rc., for « 
CUB : oaset ; nccusatinn ; 
custody : b«rdcn; care; 
th e object o f ca re. 

ChargaaVe, <c1»Arj*a-f)l) «. 
cenHoralAc ; blnmablc t ila- 
hle ;— «. ehaijre'ableness. 

Char](er, CchArj'c-lff. a disk 
tkaft holds ft iai^ quan- 
Cly < a war-iiorBe. 

Chariot, (ckarVot^JL ftfoQr- 
wkeribRd fdeftsarc or state 
carria{?e; «H aixncatwar- 
carr— «. chartofoer. 

CharltaWe, (char'i-ta-W) «• 
likeral to the noor ; Inclin- 
ed til nvterkiox faults and 
jndse leniently s—rt/f-rfiar- 
itably J— n. char'ltabknes*. 

Charity, fcharT-tiJ n. liken, 
ality : alms 5 candon nni- 
verspl love ; benevolence. 

Charlatan. (i»har'l*-tan) «. ft 
<iuack( an empinet a mert 

talkingpretendcr;-n. cliar'- 
lotaary, deception. 

Charm, <ciuinu) m. mafic 
Ikovert apell; that whidi 
caa please irresistibly ; — r. 
t. te delight I to enchant ; 
to allure ; to fascinate ; So 
subdue;— ppr. and <t 
charming ;— p|>. <*anned'; 
— Of/, charm 'iacgij : — n. 
charm'«r,a|)leasins i»"iy- 

Chamcl, (charnelj o. con- 
taining flesh or careasrcs : 
— cham'el-hom»e, a pUuc lor 
the bones of the dead. 

Chail. (chArt) «. « marine 
map, ddincating cootts, 
isles, shoolN rocks, tR, 

Charter, <chAit'«r) «. « i»* 
tMit;f:rant i iRosanity f— 
CL «'. in let or hire, as a 
Aia, OB eoKtmet; to es* 
tabusk ky cfaftTter, as a 
city i—ppr. ckartVrkig t— 
i>l>^ or <x. ckart'ercd. 

Cnarter-party, (diirt^er-piN 
ti> «. a boord autitorired 
by the foveramcnt to con- 
tract for ft vesseTs hire. 

Chary. (chir'S) a. wary » 
C3xtiaus(«»T«^l ; sparing: 
nice ; scrupulous j — <mU 
chartly i—n. char'mess. 

Chavc, Cchds) r. I. to hunt \ 
to pursue ; to drive away t 
to iBCase ; to encliase ; to 
emboss ^—rmr. chasling j— 
pp. chased^ ;— «. pursuit t 
Ike pursued ; ground s^ 
bouadini; in eamc < « 
groove; « printers fnmre. 

Chasm, Ckazm^ »i. a cleft \ 

fapi an opening made by 
Ismption-, a vacuitv. 

Ckaste. <cldst) o. nii^lert; 
rcflntd \ virtuous ; clear 5 
pare ? true j— arf. 'chastely. 

Chastea, <ch4rf'n> r. i. to 
make pure \ to free from 
faults f»y afflicting or pun- 
ish injr< bence. to pimleh t 
to correct !;—p;*r ten- 
ia^ ;—p/». cMstcned. 

Chastise, (chas-1fz'> c. #. to 
correct; to punish ; to af- 
flict ; to reduce tu order or 
okcdiciice 1— ;ipr. chaiitf»'- 
iag »— w». chnstHed* ; — as. 

• cbtsttaement, chas'lTser. 

Chastity, (ehasli-ti). clmste- 
ness, (ebist^ess) n. purltjr 
of body, conduct, morals, 
laaguaiee, taste, or (ievigii. 

Chat, (chat) r. 1. to talk idljr j 


by Google 

A faVof done qaicld^ Is U^tt 

A £fth-whed to a caH is but an 


A fish in the plate b worth three 

in the stream. 
A fool dways finds a greater fool 

to admire him. 



»nd glibly t to prate ; to 
make a continual noise as 
liirUtj do v—ppr. chatf ing ; 
—p}t. chatfed v—n. idle or 
familiar talk \—a. chatt'y- 

Chateau, (shA-tO) n. a castle 
or country scat i n.ehufet€t 

Ch.ittel, (chari) n. anv kind 
of property not freehold. 

Chnttcl - mortgage, ( chat ' 1- 
inof-gAj) fi. security given 
for a debt on movable and 
personal property. 

Chatter, (charter) tr. i. to 
talk idly or rapidly ; to 
sound as the teeth when 
one Khivers i—j^r. or a. 
chartering <— pp. charter- 
ed ;— «. prating ; rapid and 
inarticulate sounds, as the 
noise of birds; n. chatterer 

Chaw, (chau) v. (. to champ t 
to crush with the teeth. 

Cheap, (ch€p) a. low in price 
or value ; common ;— a</. 
eheap'ly j— n. eheap'ness. 

Cheapen, (chep'n) v. t. to 
beat down in price ; to 
chaffer j —ppr. chcap'cn- 
ing i—jw. cheap'encd. 

Cheat, (cnet) n. a trick; a de- 
ceiver;— 1>. t. to injure ; de- 
fraud; deceive ; —ppr. 
chearin^ x-^pp. cheat'cd. 

Check, (chek; v. I. to curb, 
rebuke, reprove, or re- 
strain; to mark as in a liat; 
to compare in order to as- 
certain correctness i—ppr. 
check'inpr;~pp. checked'; 
—n. anything that checks, 
or restrains, as a rebuke, a 
rein, a smldcn stop ; a 
term in cAc« when one 
party obliges the other 
cither to move or guard 
his king; a token; an order 
for money on a bank ; any 
counter register used as 
security; a checkered cloth 

Checker, (check'er) v. t. to 
diversify ; vary ; mix ;— 
ppr. checkering ;—/);». or 
a. check'credi eventful. 

Checkers, (ehek'erz) n. pi. a 
game at draughts or chess 
on a checkered board. 

Checkmate, (chcck'matj n. a 
movement in chess that 
ends the game ; — fig. a 
complete check ; defeat ; 
overthrow ; — r. t. to de- 
feat; to foil; in chess, to 
end the game by a move. 

Cheek, (chek) a. the side of 
the face ;—;>/. plates in a 
machine facing each other; 
--nil. brass ; impudence. 

Cheek-bone, Cchek'b6n> n. 
Xac ei ehrels-bifjowl, elotn 

Cheer, (chCr) n, mirth ; en- 
tertainment ; kind treat- 
ment; a shout of joy t—v. t. 
to comfort ; to-eucourage ; 
to applaud ; to enliven. 

Cheerful, (chSr'ful) a. lively; 
full of good spirits; joyful; 
sprightly \—ad. cheer' fully ; 
n. chcer'fnlncss, gayety . 

Cheerless, (chJrlcs) a. com- 
fortless ; dreary j dejected. 

Cheery, (cher"!^ a. sprightly ; 
animated ; with bright and 

{>leasant manners and spir- 
ts i—€id. checr'ily . gnyly. 

Cheese, (ch€z) n. Curd of 
milk coagulated, pressed 
and liardened;— n#.checsc- 
ctdce, a cake made of soft 
curds, flour, sugar, and 
butte r ; — cheese-press, a 
machine for separating 
whey from curds. 

Chrf, (shcf) n. a head or 
chief person 5 master cook. 

Chemise, (she-nigz) chemi- 
sette, (shem'i-zct) 11. an 
undergannentfor females; 
a shin ;—pf. Chemis'es. 

Chemist, ( kem'ist ) n. otie 
versed in chemistry. 

Chemistry, ( keni'iatri ) 11. 
the science which Investi- 
gates the noture and prop- 
erty of bodies, drugs, or 
ulnjits ;— o. chcm'ical. 

Cherish, (cher'ish) r. I. to 
treat with tenderness and 
affection ; to encourage 
certain thoughts ; — ^/t. 
cher'ishing i— pr>. cher'ish- 
ed ;— n. cher'isher. 

Cherry, f cher'i) n. small red 
stone tniit ; the tree that 
bears it ;— a. ruddy. 

Chert. ( chert ) n. a kind 
of quart z or flint : hom- 
stone f-a. cher^tp, flin^. 

Cherub, (cher'ub) n. a celes- 
tial spirit ; a beautiful 
child ;— ;j|. chei'ubs, cher- 
ubim ;— «. cheKubic, put*. 

Chervil, (chervil) n. a culin- 
ary herb with a very fra- 
grant leaf, for lalad. 

Chess, (ches) n. a game play- 
ed by two persons on a 
board divided into sixty- 

four squares, like that used 
in chtcktr»%ckeM-'M/io-u. 

Chest, (chest) n. a large box ; 
the brea.'<t or cavity of the 
body which contains the 
heart, lungs I— «.%hesred. 

Chestnut, (ches'nut) n. a 
fruit or nut enclosed in a 

Erickly case ; the tree that 
eaniit;-^a.alight brown- 
isli color. [gallant man. 

Chevaiicr, ( shev-a-ler' ) n. a 

Chcval-dc-frize, (shcvnl-de- 
frSz) n. a piece of timber 
armed with spikes, to de- 
fend a passage, or to step 
cavalrv i—pl. chcvaux-dc- 
frise, (she-vo'de-f r€z.) 

Cheveril, (chev'er-il) n. soft, 
flexible leather mode of 
kid-skin ;— a. like iid. 

Chew, (chu) v. t. to grind 
with the jaws and teeth ;— 
ppr chew'ing;-i>;.'. chewed' 

Chibouk, (chtbtok') n. a 
Turkish smoking-pipe. 

Chicane, (shi-k&n') n. shift; 
trickery ; evasion ;— p. i. to 
use artiiices ; «. chica'nery 

Chicken, (cbik'en) chick, 
( cbik ) n. the young of 
fowls, especially of the 
hen ; a Child's pet name. 

Chicory, (chik'o-ri) n, herb, 
also named succory, the 
root of which when ground 
is used to adulterate coffee. 

Chicken-hearted, (chick'-en- 
hart-C'd) a. timid; cow- 
ardly ; fearful. 

Chickenpox. (chik'en-pokR) 
n. a mild eruptive disease 
of children; varicella. 

Chick-weed, (chik'-wcd) n. 
a low creeping weed that 
birds are fond of. 

Chide, (chid) v. t. to reprove; 
to blame mildly ; to scold; 
—ppr. chld'ing ;— n. a re- 
buke; n. cAiefer, a reprover 

Chief, (cli€f) a. highest in 
ofRce ; leading ; principal ; 
—a, a leader ; the head of 
aclnn; the principal pnrt 
of anything;— *k/. chicl'ly; 
— n. chieftain , a warriOT 

Chiffonier, (chiffon-cr) n. 
ornamental cupboard. 

Chilblain, < chil'bl&n ) n. a 
sore on the hnnds or feet 
caused by frost or cold. 

Child, (child) n. a son or 
daughter ; infant orj-oung 
person ; a disciple 1 one 


by Google 

A little praise upsets a little 

A golden key opens all doors 

save that of Heaven. — DAN. 

A good beginning is half the 

A good end is better than a bad 

beginning. — Gaelic. 



yrcalc in knowledge, ex- 
perience, or judgment ;-— 
>i. child'liood. infRncy. 

Childbirth, (chlld'bcrth) n. 
bringing forth a child. • 

Child'slf (childish) a. like a 
child ; simple i trifling ;— 
aU. child'iaiily j— n. child'- 
i!ihnc8.s ; — a. cMld'like ; 
fi. ehihla play, light work. 

Childless, (child Ics) a. with, 
out issue n. childleunest. 

Children, (chil'drcn) n. pL of 
Child ;— descendants. 

Chill, (chil) a. shi\*ering 
with, or slightly cold ? dis- 
tant ) formal i not warm ; 
— n. moderate cold ; any- 
thing that damps or dis- 
heartens ; — w. t. to make 
cold ; to discourage r—ppr. 
chilling ;i>p. chilled';— o:/. 
chilling'ly i — a. chill 'y j 
shivering ;— n. chilliness. 

Chime, (cnimc ) n. the har- 
monious soimd of bells i 
agreement of sound or of 
relation ; — v. t. to cause to 
sound in harmony ; to 
move in hannon v ;— y. i. to 
accord t to jingle » —ppr. 
chlm'ing i—jyp. chimea'. 

Chimera, ( ki-mS-ra ) n. a 
vain fancy or wild imagin- 
ation t a fabulous monster; 
— a. chimer'ical, fenciful; 
imfounded ; dclurive. 

Chimney, (chlm'ni) n. a flue; 
a passage for smoke i—pl. 
chimneys ;— iw. chimncj'- 
piece, a shelf over the fire- 
place ; chimnejr'shaf t , the 
stalk of a chimnev which 
rises above the building. 

Chin, (chin Wi. the part of 
t!io lace below the mouth. 

Chimpanzee (chim-pan'-ze) 
». a species of monkey 
found in Africa which ap- 
proaches most nearly to 
min^ and is three or four 
feet m height 

China, (chi'na) n, fine earth- 
enware ; porcelain. 

C!iin-cough,(chin'kof) n.the 

Chine, (chin) n. back-bone ; 
the edge of a cask in which 
the head is fixed. 

China-aster, (chl-naraa'ter)n. 
a beautiful species of a«ter 
with compound ftoven. 

Chink, (chingk) n. a small 
opening or cleft; the chink 

tr sound of money or any 
small piece of metal when 
struck on something hard; 
—V. I. to crack ; to sound ; 
—v. t. to cause to sound. 

Chiuts, (chintz) n. printed 
calico of many colors and 
highly glazed. 

Chip, (chip) n. a piece cut 
olf ; a f ragmen t'r-f. /. to cut 
or hew into small pieces ; 
to be merry ;;^ppr. cUipp'- 
ing i—pp. chipped'. 

Chirographcr, (ki-rog'ra-fcr) 
n. a professor of hand- 
writing; copier ; transcriber 

Chirography, (kl-rog'ra-fi) n. 
one's hand-writing ; art of 
writing ; penmanship. 

Chirology, (kl-roro-ji)n. con- 
versing by means of the 
hand or fingers. 

Chiromancv, (ki'rd- man-si) 
n. art of foretelling the 
events of life by the hand. 

Chiropodist, ( kl-rop'q-dist) n. 
one who removes corns, 
bunions, warts, &c 

CJhirp, (cherp) v. i. to make 
a short, sharp noise with- 
out singing, as certain 
birds and fowls ; — v. t. to 
enliven ; to cheer up ;— n. 
voice of birds or insects ; — 
a. chi-p'ing, cheerful. 

Chirr, (cher) r. f. to chirp 
like the cricket or swan. 

Chirrup, (cher'up) v. U to 
animate \ to cheer up. 

Chisel, (chiz'el) n. a tool of 
iron or steel to pare 
with, used in car- 
pentry, &c. ; — r. t. 
to cut with a chisel ; 
—ppr. chis'elling J— 

fp. chis'clled. 
it, (chit) n. a shoot i 
a sprout ; a babe ; a 
lively or pert child. 

Chit-chat, (chit'chat) 
n. familiar talk. 

Chitterlings, (chifter-lingz) 
n. the smaller intestines of 
a pig or edible animals. 

Chivalrous, (shiv'al-rus) a. 
pertaining to chivalry \ 
gallant; bold;— a. chiv'alric 

Chivalry, ( sh iv ' al - ri ) n. 
knight errantry t valor ; 
system of knighthood t an 
adventure, as of a knight. 

Chloride, (klo'rid) n. a com- 
pound of chlorine and 
some other lubitance. 

Chlorine, (kld'rln) n. a nox- 
ious yellowish-green gast 
a powerful bleachmg and 
disinfecting agent. 

Chlorodync, (klOid-dln) n. 
a medicine containing 
opium, chloroform. Ac, 
used for allaying pam and 
inducing sleep. 

Chloroform, (kid'rd-form) n. 
an oily, colorless, volatile 
liouid, of an aromatic, 
ethereal odor, much used 
for inducing incensibility 
during surgical operations. 

Chlorosis, (klo-rO'sis) n. adis- 
ease which affects young 
females, characterized by 
a pale, greenish complex- 
ion, languor, palpitation, 
&c. ; a diseased state of 
plants, in which a green- 
ish yellow color takes the 
filace of the natural hue. 
ocolate, (chok'6-lat) n. a 
paste mode from the seeds 
or kernel of the coco»-nut, 
mixed with sugar, Jte.; 
infusion of the some. 

Choice, ( chois ) n. act of 
choosing ; thing chosen ; 
selection ; preference ? the 
preferable or best imrt ;— 
a. select; precious; of great 
value ;— arf. choicely }— n. 
choice'ness, nicety. 

Choir, ( kwir ) n. Dody of 
singers in a church, &c. 

Choke, (ch6k) v. t. to stop 
the wind-pipe j to stop the 
growth of i to obstruct { to 
throttle J to strangle ;— v. i. 
to be choked or obstructedt 
— ;>pr.t» chok ' ing ; —jtp. 
choked' ;— a. chok'y. 

Choke-damp, ( chOk'damp ) 
n. carbonic acid g^as accu- 
mulated at the bottom of 
wells, and 'in pits, and 
causing sufFocation. 

Choke-full, (chok. full) o. 
full even to choking; tight. 

Choler, (kol'er) n. irascibil- 
ity 5 anger | petulance ; 
fieevishncss j irritation of 
he passions ;— a. chol'enc. 

Cholera, (kol'er-a) n. a din- 
ease cnaracterizcd by bil- 
ious vomiting and purg- 
ing, with excessive pain, 
spasms and prostration. 

Chooso, (chooze)T>. t. to 
make choice of i prefer ; 
pick out ; select ; adopt ; to 


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A good child wiU himself bring 
the rod; a bad one is not to be 
cured by any rod whatever. 

A golden key opens all locks. 

A good handicraft hai golden 

foundation. — Danish. 
A good head does not want for 

hats. — French. 




will or determine \—ppr. 
choos'ing i—pret. chose ;— 
pp. cboscQ ;— n. chous'cr. 

Cnop, (chop) V. t. to cut with 
a sudden blow or into 
small pieces ( to exchange 
or barter ; to put one tUm^ 
in plice of another ;— i?. i. 
to do anj^thing with a sud- 
den motion ; to shift sud- 
deuly, as the wind ; to ex- 
change words in alterca- 
tion -t-^ppr. chopp'ing \ — 
pp. chopped' 5— <»• chopp'- 
ing, shifting, counteract- 
ing;— n. a small piece of 
meat; a stroke; the chop or 
jaw ;—pL chop» . the jaws; 
— aChmeso word signify- 
ing quality or brand. 

Caop-nouse, (chop'hous) n. 
an eating house, esp. one 
famous for mutton-cnops. 

Chopping-knifc, (chop'ing- 
nif) tt. knife with which 
cooks mince Uieir meat. 

Chop-slicks, (chop'stiks) n. 
two small sticks of wood, 
iron, &c., used by the Chi- 
nese for fork and knife. 

Choral, (ko'ral) a. belonging 
"to a chorus or choir ;— n. a 
short sacred melody sung 
in unison ;— lu. chO'ra1i:it, 
cho'ris'er, chor'ist, a mem- 
ber of a choir ;—ad. cho'- 
rally, so as to suit a choir. 

Chord, (kord) n. stiing of a 
musical instrument ; con- 
cord ; a Btraitfht line in 
geomctrjT uniting the arc 
of a circle;— t". t. to furnish 
with chorda or strings. 

n. one who de3cri!)ca a re- 
gion ; n critic who com- 
pai^a ancient and modern 
geography, and identifies 
sites, explains changes of 
name and reconciles con- 
flicting accounts. 

Chorus, (ko'rus) n. a piece 
performed by a whole 
company in concert; part 
of music in which all join. 

Chose, (chdz) pret. ana pp. 
of choose ; selected ;— n. m 
iaw, subjoct-matter. 

Chosen, (chflz'n) op. of 
CTioone; selected ; elected. 

Chouse, (chous) v. t. tocheati 
— n. a trick; n cheat 

Chow^how, (choW<how)«. 
conaUting of different 

kinds mixed together \—n. 
fruits mixed ; a pickle ;—ii. 
chowder, clam stew, &c. 

Chrism, (krizin)n. unction. 

Clirist- cross, Christ - cross- 
row, (kris'-kros-ru) n. sipu 
of the cross on certain ob- 
jects ; the alphabet arrang- 
ed in the form of a cross 
for the use of ch:ldrcn, A 
at the top and Z et the foot 

Chririt, (krist) n. the Anoint- 
ed; the Messiah; Jesus. 

Chriaten, ( kris'n ) v, t. Xo 
baptize and name; — n. 
chris'tening, naming, &c. 

Christendom, (kris'n - dum) 
n. that pai t of tlie world 
under Christian rule. 

Christian, ( krisfyan ) n. a 
follower of Christ ; one 
who pi-ofesses and prac- 
tises the religion of Christ; 
a good person ; — a. relating 
to Christ or. His religion ;— 
mljt. Christ 'like, Chris- 
tian-like, Christian'ly, like 
or bcSttmg a Christian;— 
n. Christian'itr, orthodoxy 

Cliristianizc, (krist'yan-lz^ 
V. t. to convert to Christi- 
anity |—/)pr. chris'tianlz- 
ing;— />p. Chris' tianf zed. 

Christies.'*, (krist'les) a. with- 
out belief in Christ. 

Christinas, (kris'ma») n. the 
feast of Christ's nativity, 
observed annually on tlie 
25th of December;~Chris,t- 
mas-box, a box for Christ- 
mas presenti ;~Christma£- 
trce, a tree hung witli 
Christmas presents. 

Christology, (kris-tol'o ji) w. 
treatise on the personality 
and attributes of Christ 

Chromatic. (krO-mafik; a. 
relating to colors ; colored; 
in music, proceeding by 
semitones, formerly print- 
ed in colors;-^/. chr6'mat- 
ics; n. tlie science of colors 

Chromatype, (kro'ma-tlp) ii. 
a photographic procciss by 
which a colored impression 
of a picture is obtained. 

Chrome, (kr5m) ». a metal 
from which preparations 
of colors ere made. 

Chromolithograph. (krO-mo- 
Hth'o-graf ) n. a lithograph 
printed in coJoni, 

Cnronic, (k»r,n'lk) a. of long 
continuance, as a disease. 

Chronicle, (kron'ikl) n. a 
register of events in the 
order of time ;— y. t. to re- 
cord in history ; to register 
or write out tnennnals of 
events, &c. \—ppr. chron'- 
icling ;— pp. ehron'iclcd ;— 
n. chron'icler, historian. 

Chronology, (kro-nol'o-ji) n. 
the science of computing 
the dates of past events ;— 
a. chronolog^ical, arrayed 
in the order of time s— n. 
chron'ologist (or'ger). 

Chronom etc r, ( k ro ■ nom'e- 
ter)n. au exact measurer 
of time ; a watch. 

Chrysalis, (kns'a-lic) n. the 
form of a butterfly, &c., 
before it reaches the wing- 
ed state ;—/;/. chrysal ides. 

Chrysanthemum, (k;-i»-cn' 
the -mum) ti. a genus of 
variegated composite 
plants, to which belong 
the Ox-eye Dnisy. &c. 

Chrysolite, (kris'o-Ul) n. a 
mmcnil < i a greenish cr 
golden yellow color. 

Chub, (chub) n. nan.e of a 
fish with a thick head. 

Chubby, (chiib'i ) c. plump ; 
short ; thick ; f tit. 

Chuck, (chuk) r. t. or t. to 
make a ncite tm a hen ; tu 
cluck or chuckle ; t;> give 
a gentle blow under the 
chin so as t> make the lipx 
strike tc»gc'ther ; to throw a 
thing with aqrick motion. 

Cimckle, (chuk'O v. t. or i. 
tol lugh inwardly; to laujjh 
in the thi-ont, or m a sup- 
pressed or broken mcnner, 
as expressing t:iuiniJh or 
derision \—ppr. chuck'ling; 
— ;>7J.chuck'led ;— «. cliuck'- 
ling, inward exultsticn. 

ChulT, (chuf) M. n clownish 
person ; blunt ; bu; ly nuitt. 

Chum, (chum) n. cnc who 
lives in the s:;ma room ; 
companion ; mate. 

Church, (churcli) n. a place 
of worship ; bod}' ol Chris- 
tians collectively ; a sect ; 
ecclesiastical authority. 

Church-discipline, (cliurch'- 
dis-i-plin^ n. reproof of llie 
errors of its membes-s. 

Churchman, ( church'man ) 
n. Episcopalian ; an eccle- 
siastic or clergymen. 

Chnrch-wanlen, (church- 


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A c:ood heart breaks bad for* 
tunc— tSpanish. 

Learning without thought is lab- 
or lost. — Confucius, 

A good heart is the sun, for 
it shines bright and never 

A good riddance of bad rubbish. 




wawrd'en) n. an officer or 
ffuardian of the church. 

Cliurch-yard, (church'yArd) 
n. a grave-yard, cemetery. 

Churl, (churl) n. a rustic; on 
ill-bred »urly fellow j a 
clown 1 a niggerd;— a. 
churlish, BelBsh, miserly; 
n. churlish'ncss; rudeness ; 
moroscness ;-a<f . churlishly 

Chum, (churn) n. a vessel in 
which cream is agitated to 
miko butter ;—v. t. to agi- 
tate by violent motion. 

Churning, (chum'ing) n. the 
making of butter; quantity 
made at once:" c'Mimed'. 

Chyle, (kil) n. milk-Ukc nuid 
derived from chyme and 
absorbed bv the lacteal 
vessels, to i>e ultimately 
transformed into blood aud 
poured into the heart 

Chyme, (kim) n. food digest- 
ed in the stomach. 

Cicada, (si-ka'dr.) n. a genus 
of four-winged insects liv- 
ing on shrubs and trees, 
remarkabl* for the sounds 
emitted (by the males only) 
from a musical apparatus 
under the abdomen. 

Cicatrice, (sik'a-tris) n. a scar 
of a wound when healed i 
also cicatrix;— n cicotriza'- 
tion, process of healing. 

Clcatrtzc,(sik'a-trlz)». i. or#. 
to heal a wound by form- 
ing a skin over it. 

Cicerone, (sls-c-ro'nc) n. one 
who points out local curi- 
osities and talks like an or- 
ator about them; a guide. 

CiJer, (si'der) n. a liquor 
Kia Jc from applejuice. 

CieU (sei) v. t. m Jf. to paint 
of wainscot i—ppr. ciel'- 
ins ^— pp. cieled'}— n. ciel- 
iag, wainscoting i wall. 

Cigar, (se-gar) n. a roU of to> 
bacco for smoking. 

Cl^rctte,(8ig-ar-cr) w. a little 
uncly-cut tobacco rolled in 
paper for smoking. 

Cilia, (sil'ia ) n. pL the «ye- 
?a.<»Ae3;— hair-like ai>pend- 
ages fringing certain or- 

Sans, and used by tome of 
le lowest animals as or- 
gans of motion ; hairlike 
appendages on the margin 
of pirta of plants i— od/t. 
eil'urr* belonging to the 
«7«-UaaieirT«ted« toiw 

rounded with bristles ; cil- 
iCious, hairy, mode of hair. 

Cimeter,(sim'c-ter) n. a sword 
with a convex cupc. 

Cimmerian, (Bim-rac'ri-an)a. 
dark and gloomy ; pertain- 
ing to the Cimmcri, who 
are fabled to have lived in 
continual darkness. 

Cincture, (singk'tur) n. a 
belt ; a band woi-n i-ound 
the head or t>ody ;— n. lillets 
on a column ; enclosure. 

Cinctured, (Ringk'turd) a. 
having a girdle ; beitcd. 

Ctndors, (sm'derr) n.pL the 
refuse of burned cod ; 
anything chrrrcd by fire, 
hot corl which has ceased 
to flame ; a scale thrown 
otf by cooling jnetal;— «. 
cinera'tion , the act of re- 
ducing to nshcs or cinders; 
—acljs. cin'dery, like or 
made of ashes : cineri'tioui, 
cine'rcous, ash-colorcd. 

Cinnabar, (bin'n:i-bar) n. red 
sulphuret of nicrcury. 

Cinnamon, (siu'nn-mun) n. 
the spicy inner br.rk of a 

tree growing in Ceylon 
Cinque, ( -inck) n. a five. 
Cinqucfcil, (singk'foil) n. a 

flvc-lcaved rosette used in 
the tracery of win down, &c. 

Cipher, (sl-fer) n. t!ic figure 
(0) ; anythlnjg of little val- 
ue ; the initial letters of a 
name inwoven » a secret 
character or writing;— r. i. 
to figure on a slate, &c.;— 
n. ciphcr'ing , the art of 
calculating by numbera. 

Cipher-key, (srfcr-kS) n. a 
key to a scci-et cipher. 

Circassian, (sir-knsh'yan) a. 
and ft. belonging to the 
white race, as distinguish- 
ed from the Mongolian, 
African and other races; 
the white race itself ; be- 
longing to or an inhabitant 
of Circassia, a country on 
the north of Mt. Caucasus. 

Circean, ( ser-aS'an ) a. be- 
xa -"' ' 

out . . 
Cirt:e. , 

Circle, (ser- V / 

'kl) n. a V y 

r oun d ^^*— •'•^ 

ritcnmg; ^ 1 1,^ 

tnajrical \ ^r ^^ 

poison- f \ 

jui ; per- / 1 

tainingtol I 

Cirt:e. \ I 

figure I an orb ; circuit i 
surrounding company ;->r. 
t. to move round ; —v. t. to 
move circularly; rj.'r. eirc'- 
ling ;— r;>. circ'lcu. rh»fr»(1. 

Circlet, (8ei^k]et)n. a little 
circle ; an orb. 

Circuit, (ser'kit) n. circiUoT 
space; a district; tlic jour- 
neys of judges (called cir- 
cuits ) througii various 
counties, to preside at su- 
preme court eessious ; c::- 
tent ; a moving round; cir- 
cumlocution in logic. 

Circuitous, (scr-ku'it-us) a. 
going in a circle ; not di- 
rect ;— a. cireu'itouBly. 

Circular,(8er'kQ-lar) a. found 
like a circle ; ending in 
itself; addressed to a circle 
of persons;—}*, a printed 
letter or bucincsts advt 
sent around to solicit cue- 
tomcrs, signatures, &"., o;* 
to prcsiint the water's 
views, facts, or projects. 

Circulnrity, (ser-ku-l;»r'i-ii) 
n. n circular form or cliar- 
acter ; — ad. circu»»Iy. 

Circulate, (Rer'ku-lat)v. t. to 
move round ; to put i.i cir- 
culation ;- r. i. tj cr.u: e to 
pass round ; to rpread ; to 
propagate ;— ;j? r. cir'cu- 
I4ting ;— />p. cif'eulitcd. 

n. stateof bcingcirculatcd; 
disscminotion ; the ecUl 
and silver, or it« siibstitut( 
ill use at any timo in c 
country, currency ; motion 
in a circlo, or of the blood. 

Circumambient, (ser-kunu 
am'bl-ent) a. surrounding. 

Circumambulate, (srr-kum- 
am-bu'lat) r. i. \3 walk 
about ;— ;v>r. circumambu- 
lating, beating the bush. 

Circumcise, (iter'kum'«Iz) v. 
t. to deprive of the for?- 
skin, a Jewish rite;— n. cir- 
cumcision, purifying 

Circumference, (Bci-lcum'- 
fer-ens) n. external part of 
a round body ; the line 
that includes and sur- 
rounds any thing; the 
space inclosed in a circlet 
a. cii-ciiTufereu'tial, denot- 
Ing distance around a cir 
cle:— «. etreumffren'to'. 

Circumflex, (cerTcnm-fleks) 
an accent between gxtet^ 


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A s:ood Jack does not always 

make a good Jill. 
A good judge considers quickly, 

judges slowly. — G. H£iCB£RT. 

A good key is necessary to taHX 

Paradise. — ^Itauan. 
A good laugh is b^tcf than 





and acute (.A);v.t. cir'cum' 
fleet, to accent sword. 

Circumlluencc, (ser-kum'- 
floo-en«> ft. ux inclosing 
with waters;— a. circam'> 
fluent, flowing around. 

Circumiusion, (ser^um-f fi'- 
zhun)». act of pouring 
round )— «. t, cii%umf use'. 

Circumjacent, (ser-kum-j&'- 
sent) a. lying round ( sor- 
dcxinz on every tide. 

Circumlocution, (ser-kum- 
lo-k-yshun) ». amcnncr of 
expression in which more 
words are used than are 
necessary } ft circuitious or 
I>eriphra8tic speech 5 — a, 
circumlocu'tory, indirect 

Circumnavigate, (ser-kum- 
navi-^t> V. t. to Qavigate 
or sailround ;— tu. circum. 
navi^a'tion.saihng around, 
as the earth } circumnav- 
igator, one who goes round 

Circumpolar, (ser-kum-pO'- 
lar) a. situated round the 
jx>Ies of tho earth. 

Circumposition, (ser-kum- 
pd-zi8h'un)act of placmg 
around an]||thing else. 

Circumrotary, (ser-kum-rO'- 
ta-ri) a. turning round ;— 
n. circumrota'tion. 

Circumscribe, ( eer ' kum - 
skrib) V. t. to inclose ; to 
limit; to bound; to restrict; 
to write around ; — ppr. 
eir'cumscrlbing i—pp. cir*- 
cumscrtbed ; —a. ctrcum- 
scrib'able, limitable. 

Ci rcu mscription, (scr - kum- 
skrip'shun) n. limitation ; 
outhne of a leaf or other 
organ ; the Une which 
marks out the limits, form 
or magnitude of a body ; 
circuit ioseription ; — a. 
circumseriptiTe, defining. 

Circumspect, (scr'kum- 
SDckt) a. waiy ; prudent ; 
vigilant \ aftentive ; — na. 
cir'cumnpection, inspec- 
tion,watchf ulness; circum- 
Epcctness, caution,wfsdom; 
— ai. cir'eiimspeotly, 
watchfully ; warily. 

Circumstance, (scf'kum- 
ftans) V. a fact or event at- 
tending somethinir else, 
but not essential thereto ; 
e\'6nt; incident 1 accident ; 
-'pt. cifevmstcmceB, the 
state of one's affairs^— «. (. 

to place relatively or in a 
particular position. 

CircumstantuU ( ser - kum- 
stan'sluilja. particular! de- 
tailed; minute; incidental; 
not essential ;— n. pt, what 
is incidental to the main 
subject, opposed to essen- 
tials i — ad. eirciimstan ' - 
tially, exactlv, kc. 

Circumstantiate, (ser-kum- 
stan'shi-at) v. t. to describe 
exactly or minutely ; to 
confirm by circumstances; 
— n. circumstautiallty. 

Circumvallation, (ser-kum- 
val-l&''shun)ni fortification 
or wall round a place. 

Circumvent, (ser-kuin-venf) 
V. /. to deceive, overreach, 
outwit or frustrate \—ppr. 
circurti'venting \—pp. cir- 
cxunvenfed ;— a. circum- 
Ten'tive;— n. ci:"cumve«'- 
tion, imposture, stratagem. 

Circumvest, (ser'kum-vesf) 
V. t. to cover on all sides. 

Circumvolve, (ser-kum- 
volV) V. i. to roll or cause 
to revolve round about. 

Circumvolution, (ser-kum- 
TO-lu'shun) tt. a turning 
round; one turn of a spiral 

Circus, (ser'kus) n. an en- 
closed circular place or 
tent, or an open space for 
feats of horsemanship. 

Cirro-cumulus, (sir'ro-kfl'- 
mu-Ius ) u. ft cloud com- 
posed of small, well-de- 
fined compact masses. 

Cirro-stratus, (sir'ro-sti-ft'tusj 
n. a Cloud consisting 01 
horizontal masses' s 'parat- 
ed into groups, giving the 
sky ft mettled apjiearance. 

Cirrous, (sir'rus) a. termi- 
nating in a curl or tendrils; 
coiling like tendrils. 

Cirrus, (sir'rus) a. {lot.) a 
tendril or filament ; izool.) 
a long, curled, tondril-like 
organ, fts the foot of the 
baniacle, kc. % a form of 
cloud composed of thin 
filaments, like ft brush or 
Jock of hair ; ft genus of 
spiral shells or fossils. 

Cisalpine, (sis-ol'pin) a. on 
the south of the Alps. 

Cistern, (sis'tcrh) n. a recep- 
tacle for water ; a large 
basin t a tank for liquid. 

Cistut, (sis-tus) n. the rocXr- 

roacf a genus of exogenous 
(oqlwai'd-growing) shrub- 
by plants, cultivated lor 
the beauty of their flow- 
ers;— /{. CIS'TU«E»,CIS'TI 

Cissoid, (sis-soid) n. a kind 
of curve, so called from its 
likeness to an ivy leaf 

Citadel, (cit^a-dcl) «. a for- 
tress near or in a city, for 
a final point of defence; 
hence, fig. the point of 
strength, aritnl stronghold 
which must be defended 
stall hazards ; an armory. 

Citation, (sl-t&'shun) a. a 
summons to appear before 
a judge i a quotation ; euu- 
meration ; mention. 

Cite, (sit) tr. t. to summon to 
a court { to call upon ofll- 
cially ; to quote \—ppr. eit'- 
i"S« t>P- elCcd ; a. citafory. 

Citizen, (sifi-zen) n. inhab- 
itant of acitv; one vested 
witli the riglits (fa free- 
man ;— ». cif izemihip, vest- 
ed with the privileges of a 
citizen, or voter. 

Citrate, (sit'rat^ n. anion of 
citric acid with a bas^e. 

Citric, (sirrik) a. noting an 
acid ill lemuns. or limes. 

(^trine, (sifrin) a. like a 
citron ; lemon colored, dork 
or greenish yellow. 

Citron, (sirrDn>M. a species 

ft lemon, lime, &c. ; the 
rult of tho citron tree. 

Citv, (sit'i> «. a large coUcc- 
tfon of houses and iiih::b' 
itants; a town incorporated 
uijder a special law or 
charier of the legislature, 
and having a mayor, board 
of aldermen, apoiiceforcc, 
ftc, and ordinances made 
by or peculiar to itaclf. 

Cives, (tlvz) n.jpf. a species 
of leek or onion, growing 
in tufts, used for soups. 

Civet, (siv'et) «. a perfume 
from a bag below the tail 
of the civet cut. 

Civic, (siv'ik) a. relating to 
civil life, or a city. 

Civil, (siv'ih a. pertaining to 
society or to internal pol- 
icy and povemment, com- 
merce, laws, domestic and 
ordinary affairs ; kind; po- 
lite ; well-bred ; civilized { 
cdroploisant 1 courteous. 

CiviUan, (si-vU'yan) n. a 


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A good man is influenced by God 
himself, and has a kind of 
divinity within him. — Seneca. 

A necessary lie is harmless. 

A good man cares not for the 
reproof of evil men. — Germ. 

A green Christmas, a white East- 
er. — German. 




professor of civil l?.w ; one 
engaged in civil pursuits. 

Civil-en^neering, (siv'il-ea- 
ji-uer-ing) n.the artof con- 
structing public vorkdj — 
n. civil-cngiaeer. 

Civility, (si-vili-ti) n. polite- 
ness ; kind treatment ; ur- 
-banity ; complaidance ; re- 
finement: courtesy. 

Civili ration fsiv-il-i-za'-shun) 
n. state of oeing civilized ; 
refinement; culture. 

Civilize, (siv'il-iz) r. t. to re- 
claim from savage life or a 
barbarous state; to educate; 
to polish;— 7)pr. civ'ilizing; 
—pp. and a. civilized, pol- 
ished, polite, cultured. 

Clack, (klAck) V. i. to make 
sharp noi$es: to talk much; 
— n. sharp abrupt sounds, 
continuaUy repeated. 

Claim, (klam) r. t. to de- 
mand or challenge as a 
right; — »». a demand for 
soiuethinff supposed to be 
due ; a title to any posses- 
sion or privilege la the 
hands of another ; right 
cl'timed ;— a. claim'able. 

Claimant, (klam'ant) n. one 
who demancls, jcstly or 
unjustly, anything not al- 
ready in his possession. 

Clairvoyance, (klir-voy'ans) 
n. the pretonned mesmeric 
power of seeing concealed 
tilings; vision by means of 
the spirit rather than the 
eye ;—n. clairvoy'ant, one 
who claims this power;— a. 
relating to clairvoyance. 

Clam, (klam) n. a genua of 
bivalve shell-fish. 

Clamber, (klam'ber) r. t. to 
climb with difficulty. 

Clamminess, (klani'i-nes) n. 
stickineiis, moistncss. 

Clammy, (kl-im'i)o. viscous; 
ropy 5 glutinous ; cold. 

Clamor, (klam'or) n. a great 
noise oi voices ; popular 
outcry ( exclamation; vo- 
ciferation ; — 1». t. to cry 
aloud J drown with noise. 

Clamorous, ( klam'or-us ) a. 
boisterous ; —cut. clamor'- 
ously ;— n, clamorous'ness. 

Clamp, (klam p) n. an iron or 
timber for fastening ; — r. 
t. to fasten or strengthen 
withclamps;— ^pr. c&unp'* 
Ing vj/p. elomp'ed. 

Clan, ( klan ) t». a family ; 
race; tribe; a clique or stct 

Clannish, (kian'isli)a. suspi- 
cious and not disposed to 
associate with people out- 
side of a particular set; ex- 
clusive ;— n. clannish'ncss. 

Clandestine, (klnn-dcs'tin) 
secret; fraudulent; unlaw- 
ful; sly;— at/, clandestinely 

Clang, (klang) v. t. to strike 
together with a shrillsharp 
metallic sound;- p/ir. 
ddiig'ing ',—pp. claagea'j- 
n. a sharj* ringing sound 
like that made by metallic 
substances struck together. 

Clangor, (klang'gor) n. a 
loud harsh sound ; — a. 
clang'orous , resounding. 

Clank, (klangk) n. the light 
sharp clang or sound made 
by collision of metallic bo- 
dies, AS chains ;- v. t. or t. 
to make or cause a clank. 

Clap, (klap) V. t. to strike to- 
gether ; to applaud;— ». A 
striking of hands for ap- 
plauding ; a burst of sound 
as thunder ;— ppr. clapp'- 
ing i—pp. cHpped'. 

Clap-board, (kiap'bdrd) n. a 
narrow board tongucd and 
grooved : barrel stave. 

CUpper, (klap'er) ». he who 
claps I tongue of a bell. 

Clare-obscure, (kl&r'ob-skur) 
chiaro-oecuro, ( ki-a'roos- 
koo'ro) n. distribution of 
light and shade in painting 

Clap-trap, (klap'trap) n. a 
nonsensical talk o» shallow 
trick to gain applause ; de- 
vice to pain the public ear. 

Claret, (klar'ct) n. a French 
wine of a red color. 

Clarify, fklai-'c-fl) v. t. to 
make clear ;— r. t. to be- 
come clear ; — pnr. clar'i- 
fying;— 17). cla.-'ified;— jm. 
ciar'mer, clarific&'tion. 

Clarion, (klar'i-oa; n. a kind 
of trumpet whose note is 
clear and shrill. 

Clarionet, (klar'i-on-et) n. a 

instrument, sounded "by 
means of a reed fixed to 
the nioiithpiecc. 

Clash, (klash) t>. (. or i. to 
strike against; to interfere; 
to meet in opposition or 

act in a contrary direction; 
—ppr. a. and n. clokh'ing; 
— p7>. clashed' ;— »». a noisy 
collision ; contradIctl(>n. 

Clasp, (klasp) n. a hcok ; a 
close eniD.-ace;- a device 
which claps together or en- 
circles and closes with a 
snap;— r. (. to hold fast ; to 
enctose i to hug ; to fasten. 

Clasper, (klosp'er) n. tliat 
which clasps ; the twining 
tendiils of a plant. 

Clasp-kuile, ('klusp'nlf ) n. a 
knife^ the blade of which 
folds into the handle. 

Class, (klas) n. a rank or 
order of persons pr things ; 
a number of students pur- 
suing the snmc studies ; a 
scientific division or ar- 
rangement ;— w. t. to form 
into a class ; to arrange 
methodically i—ppr. class'- 
ing ;—pv. classed'. 

Classic, (felafl'ik) n. claEsical, 
(klab'ik-af) a, an author oi 
the first rank, chiefly used 
of the best Greek and Ro- 
man writer^— o. relating 
to authors or high order ; 
chaste; refined ;—«./>/. 
class'ics, ancient and mod- 
ern writers of the first rank 
or their works;— ou/. class'- 
ically ;— n. classical'ity. 

Classify, (klas'i-fl) r. t. to 
make or form into classes ; 
to arrange according to 
some common properties 
or qualities ; — a. classiSca'- 
tory, denoting the sciences 
of Dotany, mineralogy, zo- 
ology, etc. ;— »«. class'ifier ; 
claes'ification ^arrangement, 
distribution in clashes. 

Clatter, (klat'erXn. confuted 
rattling noises; a repetition 
of abrupt, sharp sounds; 
— V. i. to make rattling 
sounds ; to rattle with the 
tongue ; to talk -fast and 
idly ;— w. t. to strike so as 
to produce a rattling. 

Clause, (klawz)R. a whole 
or part of a f^enteuce ; part 
of a contract ; article. 

Clove, (klov) V. t.did cleave 
—past tense of cleave. 

Clavier, (kla'v€-er)n. on as- 
semblage of all the keys of 
an organ or pianoforte. 

Clavicle, (kla-vi-kl. klaVi-kl) 
n. the collar bone;— a. 


by Google 

A g^ood manner Is the best thix^ 
in the world, either to get a 
good name, or to supply the 
want of it.--BuLWER Lyt. 

A good name is easier lost than 

gained. — Gaelic. 
A good name is rather to be 

chosen than ^eat riches. 




elavic'uUir, pertaining to 
the clavicle or collar bone. 
Claw, (klavr) n. the hoiked 
nail of a beiut or bird, or 
the whole foot t snytliing 
like a claw ;—v. t. to Ecratch 
or tear with cla wn ; to tickle; 

ppr. claw'ingj— jTp. clawed' 

Cia/, (kUi) n. a soft, tena- 
ciouH, ductile earth, used to 
make bricks ; earth in gen- 
eral;— r. t. to cover or 
purify with clay, aa sugar; 
— OiO*. clajr'ey, clayiah ; 
eonhisting of or like clay. 

CUy-marl, (klA-marl) n. ft 
smooth chalky clay. 

Claymore, (kla-mar) n. a 
large Scotch sword. 

Clean, (klen) a. free from 
stain or whatever defiles ; 
wholesome ; guiltless ; pure ; 
neat; complete; unused ;— 
eui. quite, entirely ^— r. (. 
to purify ; to cleanse ;— 
ppr. cleaning;— p;>. clean- 
ed' ^-n*. clean'ness, clean'- 
liaess ^-o. and aJ. cleanly. 

Cleanse, Helen z)o. (. to wasli 
or free from impurities; 
to make pure or morally 
clean:— 2>pr. el. and n. 
cleans'ing. adapted to 
cleanse ; the act of purify- 
ing i-^pp. cleansed'; — «. 
cleans'er ; — a. clcans'ablc. 

Clear, (k^r) a. free ironi 
mixture ; pure ; transpar- 
ent; striking; conspicuous: 
bright; plain ; indisputa- 
ble i-'Ud. in a clear man- 
u e r ; plainly » wholly ; 
quite f— r. t. to make clear; 
to free from obscuiity, ob- 
struction or guilt { to free, 
acquit, or vindicate; to 
leap, or pass by or over ; to 
make profit;— t'. t. to be- 
come clear; to prow free, 
bright, or transparent ; — 
ppr. clear'ing ;—pp. clear- 
ca'^-ns. cle!tr'cr,cl«;ar'ne88; 
—Of/, cleanly, distinctly. 

Clearance, (klir'anp)n. act of 
clearing; a permit showing 
that ft snip nas been cleared 
at the flnstom-house. 

Clftar-headed, ( kl«r-hed-ed) 
a. of a good tinderstanding 

Clearing, (klfi'ing) n. a jus- 
tification J a tract of land 
cleared of wood, &c. 

Clearing-houKe, ( kl5r ' Ing- 
hous) n. ft place where the 

accounts of banks with 
each other and with the 
treasun' are adjusted. 

CleaMigfrtcd, (kler-slt-cd} a. 
discerning ; judicious. 

Cleat, (klct)n. a narrow strip 
of boanjl lor securing other 
boards or pieces of wood. 

Cleave, (k!8v)v. i. to stick; 
to hold to with strong at- 
tachment; to part asunder; 
to crack ;— w. t. to split ; to 
scpftrate with violence ;— 
ppr. cleaving;— prtf^clftve; 
—pp. cleft, cleaved'. 

Cleaver, (klev'er) n. b butch- 
er's splitting instrument. 

Clef, Cklef ; n. a character to 
show the key in music. 

Cleft, (kleft) pp. or a. split ; 
divided ;— n. a crack ; fis- 
sure ; chink ; a piece split 
off from another piece. 

Clematis, (kicm'a-tis) n. a 
creeping plant with long 
tendrils, (long.) virgin's 
liotofr or travmer'tjoy. 

Clemency, (klem'en-si) n. 
leniency, mildness, for- 

d^veness, tenderness, 
cment, (klem'ent) a. mild, 
Scntle, kmd, merciful, ten- 
er;— arf. clera'cntly. 

Clergy, (klei^i) n. men who 
adopt the Christian minis- 
try «■ a profession ; — a. 
clerical, pertaining to the 
clergy or to ft clerk, writer 
or copyist \ — n. cler'gy- 
man, a man in holy orders. 

Clerk, (klcrk) n. a salesman 
in a store ; s scribe or as- 
sistant in ft law office or 
court; an accountant, or 
teller in a bank or count- 
ing-house ; ft public f unc- 
tionnry called the County 
Clerk, who receives and 
records deeds, mortgages, 
tec. X church official ;— o. 
clerkly, clever ;— a. clork'- 
sliip, office of a clerk, etc. 

Clever, (klev'er) a. dexter- 
ous ; talented ; sagacious i 
intellectual ; ready ; agree- 
able ;— ad. clev'erly i — n. 
clever'ncss, ability. 

Clow, (kloo) n. ft thread- 
mark, or trace which af- 
fords ft guide through ft 
labyrinth; anv piece of in- 
formation which enables 
one to eolve a mystery or 
form ft conclusion ; the 

comer of ft sail ; — t'. t. to 
tic up sails to tltn yards. 

Click, (klik) r. t. to make a 
sharp noise :— n. a short, 
sharp sound ; anything 
that makes such a Kounu, 
as ft door-latch, &c. i—m^r. 
click'ing x—pp. cUckca. 

Client, (kli'ent; n. one who 
employs a lawyer or coun- 
sel;— n. pi. cli'cnts. 

ClifF, (klif) n. a steep rock i 
bank; precipice; cleft; side 
of a mountain ;— a. cliff'y. . 

Climacter, (kli-mak'ter), cli- 
macteric, (kll - mak'ter-ikj 
n. and a. a critical peiioa 
of human life, of which 
there ftre pupposcd to be 
four, viz. : 2lBt, 35th, 49th 
and C3rd, in each of which 
some great bodily chancre 
takes place. The last is call- 
ed the grand climacteric. 

Climate, <kirmat)n. ft region 
or zone of t!te earth ; the 
condition of ft country or 
place with regftrd to tem- 
perature, moisture, ice. ;— 
a. climat'ic, relating to, or 
limited by, a climate. 

Climatology, (kli-nia-tcl'o-ji) 
n. science of climates, or 
climatic changes. 

Climax, (kli'inaks) n. grada- 
tion i ascent { ft rhetorical 
figure in which ft sentence 
rues in strength or vigor 
step by step to the last 

Climb, (kllm) v. t. or t. to 
mount by the hands ftnd 
feet ; to ascend step by 
step with difficulty i—ppr. 
cllmb'ing ;— /»p. climbed' ; 
— n. climb'cr, a parasite. 

Clime, (kllm) n. a climste ; ft 
tract, region, country. 

Clinch, (klinsh) v. t. to fastr 
en or rivet u nail or bolt by 
bending the point when 
driven through a boord or 
iron plate; to grasp tightly; 
to settle or confirm by ft 
decisive or clever argu- 
ment; to hold fast ; to bend 
the fingers into the palm. 
— ppr. clinch ' ing ; — pp. 
clenched' ;— n. ft fast hold, 
ft holdfast t part of n coble; 
— n. clinch'cr, a smart re- 
ply which ends a debate. 

Cling, (kling) v. t. to adhere 
Or nang lipon by winding 
round ; to nold fast in ■z> 


by Google 

A ^!n of pnidetrce H worA a 

pound of craft. 
'Tis not the whole of life to live; 

nor all of death to de.— MON. 

A good niime wHl wear otit; a 
bad one may be tnrncd; a 
nickname last^ forever. ^-Ger. 

A great cry, and a little wooL 




fectkm or interest i to in- 
fold} to embrace i—piir, 
clinf'inr i-^* clunr. 
Cliiiic, (klxn'ik) n. a icctare 
to atudeuti in a medical 

Bpr. eUppfi 

Cupper, OcUl 

eilM I a Bl 


coll^, b7 a surgeon 
physician i also ejpelt elm - 
iquei— a. clin'icaf, pertain- 
ing to a sick-bed i relating 
to the sick and the treat- 
ment Of patients. 

Clink, (kUngk) V. t. or 4. to 
make a ringing sound ? to 
ring or jlnglo i—n. a rinfr- 
ing sound, as the eUnk ot 
silver and gold. 

CUnker, (kUngk'er) ft. ting 
formed in furnaces by 
combustion t hard bricks. 

Clip, (klip) V. t. to cut short 
with shears or scissors ; to 
curtail t— n. anything that 
clips or holds i the act of 
eUppingt the thing clipped 
OS, as the wool uiut has 
been shorn oH sheep i— 
*■ 'ing» iJp. dipped' 
Ip'er) i». one who 
clips I a sharp bnilt, fast 
aaOing vessel. 

Clique, (klik) n. a set of per- 
sons united for a aemsh 
purpose — as the rise and 
fall of stocks, money, cor* 
mptingof lesrislationifte.} a 
p«^ or faeaon arairingto 
connrol public affairs, or to 
monopolize office and its 
cmolnmentst a coterie. 

cutter-clatter, ncIifr-UaTr) 
n. idle, noisy talk. 

Cloak, (kldk) v. (. to cover 
with a cloak t to disguise i 
"T f^«, cloak ' ing i - «p. 
cloaked »— a. a loo«e outer 
garment; pre text'disgiiise. 

Clock, (klok>n. a time-piece. 

Ctook-moker, (klok'm&k-er) 
a. one who makes clocks. 

Ck>ck-work| (klok'wnrk) n. 
the roachlneiy, works, or 
movement of a dcxik. 

Clod, (klodV n. a lump of 
earth} a duU f ellowi a dolti 
—V. {. to collect into a thick 
mass »— a. clodd'v, earthy. 

Clodhopper. Oclod'hop'erJ n. 
a clownish lellow i a doIL 

Clodpate (or pol), (klod'pAt) 
n. a stupid fellow; a block- 
head ;— a. dod'pited. 

Dog, (klog) V. f . io load with 
somethings to hinder;--r. i. 
to unite and adhere 

n. anything thotmnders 
motion i a neavr wooden 
•hoe t— a. doeBTT* apt to 
clog; heavy; sncky. 

Goistcr, (klois'ter)n. seclud- 
ed place of religious retire- 
mtnii-f>L arcade;— V. (. to 
immure in a monastery or 
nunneiy } to confine witli- 
in walls ; — a. dois'tral, cr 
dois'tered. secluded) re- 
tired from the world. 

Close, (klAz) V. t. ori. to 
shut, join, condudo, fln- 
Uh. to draw or grow to- 
gcOieri to come to an end; 
--ppr. dds'ingt pp. closed' ; 
— «t. the manner or time of 
dosing t a pause or stop i 
the end i a wrestling. 

Close, (kids) SI. a small in- 
dued field or &ptc9 t nar- 
row passage of a st.-«et ;— 
a. shut up t confined ;un- 
rentilated i narrow i near 
in time or place i compact; 
crowded i hidden i reserv- 
ed ) stingy i-'CuL dose'ly, 
intently, accurately, near- 
ly, densely ;— n. dosCness. 

Close-fisted, (kUMIist-ed) o. 
miserly » niOTwdly i-o. 
close-hcaureat lUiberaL 

Closet, (kloz'et) n. a recess 
off a room, for dishes, sil- 
ver, preserves, ftc t a place 
for retirement and prayer; 
—V. (. to take or shut np 
in a closet ; to coneeaL 

Closing, (klOzIng) n. end; 
conclusion ;— a. shutting, 
ending. ; that concludes. 

Closure, (kldx'fir) n. the act 
of closing t incloenre. 

Ck>t, (kiot)n. a mass of soft 
or fluid matter concreted, 
as blood, or lumps of earth; 
—V. t, to form into dots}' 
a. dotted, red with gore. 

Cloth,(kloth) n. a coveringor 
garment; woven material 
from which garments or 
covering ore made; a term 
signify mg the status or 
prof ei^n of the wearer, 
OS the colloquialism, **a 
man of votir cloth." 

Clothe, <kl6tli) V. t. (pre*, 
and pp. clad, clothed] to. 

. fonxfeh with garments ; to 
dress;— >|gp. to invest, as 
with a ganhent ;— pi»r. 
doth'ingi— fp. clothed';— 

n. pL dothes, (klothx) gar- 
ments or articles of dress; 
"fu cloth'ier. tailor, Jte. 
Clothing, (kloth'ing) n. gaiw 

menta ; dress ; covering. 
Cloud, (kloud)n. a coUcctiaB 
of wstery particles in the 
state of vapoi^r-:;^. b mot 
titude of people t a great 
Toliuna of dust or smoke ; 
~~v. t, io overspread with 
doodsi to darken tlie repu- 
tation or character ; to ob- 
scure the meaning; to stain 
with flark spots or streaks t 
—V, i. to become clouded 
or darkened \—ppr. cloud'- 
ln» I — J?P' doud'ed x—a. 
ck>ud'y, gloomy, obscure, 
stained i not easily under- 
stood ;— a. cloudlet, a little 
cloud ;— n. cloudiness. 

Cloudless, (kloud'lcs ) a. un- 
clouded in any sense; clear 
and biight^^. doud'lcssly 

aough,(klnf)ii. a deft I a 
narrow glen or valley. 

Clout, (kiout) n. a patch t a 
piece of doth, &c., sewed 
on clumsily ; a rag ;— v. (. 
to mend with a patch or 
repair clumsily; to sew a 
piece of cloth over a rent. 

Clove, (klflvc) M. a pungent 
aromatic spice ; the unez- 
panded flower-bud, rtaem. 
Uing a naiL of the clove 
tree ; small bulbs ; herbs. 

Cfeven, (kldv'n) jjp. or a. of 
Ckave, cleft ; split 

Cloven-footed, (kldv'ta-foof- 
od) a. havitig the hoof di- 
vided into two parts ^—fiQ' 
**ihow the dmen /ooQ' 
wicked and false, as the 
devil, cne of whose feet is 
pictured OS like a beast's. 

Clove-pink, (klfiv'ningk) n. 
the clove ^fillyflower or 
carnation pm4r, which has 
an odor like that of doves. 

Clover, (klO^ver) n. eloven- 
gnuis; a species of trefoil, 
or (Aree-Ieavedgrafis, as red. 
white, or scarlet cloverond 
marl-grass.— i^oe in clover, 
live in loxuryto. do'vered. 

Clown, (klown) n. a rustic i 
a rude, unpolished fellow. 

Clownish, cklown'ish) a. 
coarse and awkward ; rus- 
tic; ill-bred ;— Off. clown'- 
ishly :— n. clownish'hess. 

Cloy ,(kk>i) t;. t to fi U to looth- 


by Google 

A good pftTmaster does not hesi* 
tatc to give good security. 

A good paymaster is keeper ol 
other men's purses. — Italian. 

A goo^ pi^aiaster sUrts not ^ 
assurances, {i^ /., pays only 
after the work is done.)— G. H. 

A good name will shine foreven 




inff t to flut or latiate ;— 

d9pr. cloyHnij}— /;p. cloyed'. 
oyleM, (klui'le*; a. that 
CJnuot eioyor latinte. 

Club, (klab) n. a heavy stick ; 
one of the four suHh o£ 
cards, havitiff on it tlie fiff- 
uro of a cluh or a eloron 
leaf ; an asitovialion of per- 
sons for the promotion of 
a common object, as liter- 
atu.'e, politics, pleasure, 
Ac, each pe;i»on dividing 
the expense ;— f. t. or t. to 
join or unite for a common 
end ; to raii^e by proper- 
Uonste assessment i—mtr. 
clttUb ing ;— &p> clubbed'. 

Clnb-fuot,(klub'iont)N. short 
defnmied fo«>t. like a club; 
a cabb3i(e which runs to 
/eer, and will not head. 

Cluck, (kluk)v, t. to make 
the sound of e hen when 
culling on her chickens, or 
to eair ike a setting-hen j— 
n. the call of a hen. 

Clue, (kl i; M. hint, inkling. 

Clump, (klump) n. a shape- 
less piece of anything ; a 
small cluster of trees. 

Clumsy, (klum'si) a. awk- 
ward I ungainly t unwield- 
ly ; ill-made i bod)^ ex- 
ecuted \—ad. clura'suy ;— 
n, clum'sinessthearineas. 

Cluater, (kluTter) m. a tmnch, 
as of grapes ; — v. t. or i. to 
-'^•^ irinto bunehea i toeoU 


lect together i-^ppr. clus'- 
tering;— Dp. clus'tered. 

Clutch, (klutch) n. a gripe t 
grasp t seizure h— v. t. to 
seize or grasp; to clinch ;— 
ppr. elntch'ing;— mi. 
clutched';— p/. clutciros, in 
the hands or power of tnril. 

Clutter, (klufer) iu a noise ; 
confuoon i—v. t. to crowd 
together In confuuon. 

Qyster, ( klis'ter) n. a liquid 
injected into the intestines 
to wash them out. 

Coach, (kdeh) n. a doae four^ 
wheeled carriage ;— v. (. to 
convey in a coach t-'fig. 
prompting i bolstering up ; 
aiding a weak project or 
person; helping alongin. 
ppr. coaeh'ing:— pp. coach- 
ed'; — n. coacii'man, one 
who drives a coach. 

Coadjutor, (kflad-loo'-tor) n. 
an assistant \ a helper ; an 

associate ; — a. ooadjutant, 
helping ;-r/e"u coadju'trix. 

Coagont,(kO &'jent) m. fellow 
assent ; joint forces. 

Copulate, (kO'tMru-liit) v. t. 
or t. to curdle ; to concreU ; 
to make to cooj;eal;— ppr. 
cda^ul&Ung \—pp. cdog • 
ui&ted ; — a. co'eg'ttlabie, 
qualitv of curdling;- nM. 
coagufationL body, or pro- 
cess of curdling i cos^u- 
Ian t, a substance, as rennet, 
which causes coagulation; 
coez'ulum, that whicli co- 
azul::tes, as curd or rennet. 

Coal, (kdi) N. a sulMtance 
tluit kindles or burns % a 
solid blask combustible 
niiueral dug out of the 
earth; woodchan-ed ;— f.f. 
to burn to coal or charcoal; 
to tnke in too\.—Blow the 
coGlf, kindle btrif e. 

Coalesce, (k6-a!-es') ir. t. to 
grow together; to unite into 
one body or mass ; to asso- 
ciate x—ppr. cdales'cing :— 
pp. cdoTcsced ;~». coa'.Cfc'- 
cence, act of union ;— o. 
coales'cent, united. 

Coal-gas, (kOl'gati) n. gas 
made from coal, used for 
lighting streets and build- 
inga ; poisonous gas which 
escapes from burning ooal, 
stovM, furnaces, kc. 

Coalition, ( kff-a-lish'nn ) n. 
act of ooaiescing into one 
body ; union ox persons, 
states, fto., into one ; alli- 
ance \—n. coalition'ist, one 
of a coaUtion. or league. 

Coal<mine, (kcl'mln) n. a pit 
whence coal i»dug from 
the earth I colliery;— n*. 
cOal'measures, any set ies of 
beds which give coal ; the 
carboniferious strata;— 
codt-acuttle, a household 
utensil for coals. 

Coarse, ^kArs) a. gross; rude; 
rough ; not renned or pu- 
riQcd ;— a<f . coarsely ;— »». 
coarseness, grossncss. 

Coast, (kd«t) n. border of land 
next the sea t seasho e ; 
limit or border of a coun- 
try ?— y. t. or i. to sail along 
the shore ; to anil by or near 
to ;— 7)pr. coast'ing x—pp. 
coast'ed;— K. coaHt'ar. a 
coastine vessel ;— a//. Coasf • 
wise, along the coast. 


Coat, rkdt) n. an ouuide body 
covering ; the hair or wool 
of an animal i Testu^e or 
habit I a Uyer of paint or 
any covering i a coat of 
arms, or family ensign ;- 
V. t. to cover with a layer ; 
— n. coaCee. a short coat. 

Coating, (kot'ing) n. a cover- 
ing t cloth for coats. 

Cob. (kob) n. the top or head; 
a knob % a ball i a spider ; a 
anike of mai zo along which 
tne grains of com grow in 
rows ; a thick, strong buill 
pony ; an old coin. 

Coax, (kdks) v. t. to appease 
or persuade by fondling, 
flattery, ftc; to wheedle ;— 
ppr.t a. coax'ing, enticing; 
np. coaxed ;— oJ. coax'ing- 
''• ;— ». eoax'er. a flatterer, 
lalt, (kdbawU;n. a gnj 
mineral which gives a per- 
manent blue color. 

Cobble, (kobl) n. a roundish 
stone ;— r. t. to mend ;— n. 
cobbler, a shoe-mender. 

Cobra-dc-capello, (k6'bm-da- 
ka-ni>rio ) n. the hooded 
anake, a very Tenon^ous 
reptile in the ICast Indies. 

Cobweb, ( kob'web ) n. a spi- 
der's web ; a snare» 

Goeciferoua, ( kok-sif 'er-na) 
a. |)roducing berries. 

Cochineal, (koch'i-ndl) n. 

^ dried bodies of insects for 
dyeing scarlet or crimson. 

Cochleary, (kok'K-a/-i) a. 
twirted like a snaiWheU ; 
—a. cochleate, spiral. 

Cock, (kok) r. t. to set up- 
right ; to set or draw back, 
as the cock of a gun ; to 
turn up the eyes or head ; 
as the rooster:— n. the male 
of birds ; a wenther-«ock { 
a strutting chief or leader ; 
a tap for liquor ; a pile of 
hay: partot a gun-lock. 

Cockr Je, (kok-id) n. a knot 
of libbon on the hat. 

Cockatoo, (kok-a-tuo') n. a 
kind of crested parrot. 

Cockatrice, (kok'a-trls) n. a 
serpent or lizard. 

Cockchafer, (kok'ch&f-er) ». 
the May bug, an insect de- 
structive to venrctables. 

Cock-crowing, (kok'kr6-lng) 
n. early in the morning 
when rooeterscrow. 

Cock-horse, (kok'hors) a. on 


by Google 

A gfOod pilot is not known when 
the sea is calm and the weath- 
er fair. — ^Danish. 

A penny saved is a penny earned. 

A s^ood reputation is a fair es- 

A good reputation is easily lost 
and hardly regained. — Hung. 




horseback t cxultingi— ». * 
child's rocking horte. 

Cockle, (koki) n. a weed with 
a purple flower, which 
grows iimong grain ; a fish 
with two wrinkled shells, 
of a heiirt shape ;—v. t. to 
shrink ;— a. cockled'. 

Cock-loft, (kok'loft) n. the 
room in a house or bam 
next the roof. 

Cockney, (kok'nl) n. an ef- 
feminate ignorant citizen, 
with affected manners. 

Cock-pit, (kok'pit) n. a place 
where cocks fight t it room 
in a ship under gun deck. 

Cockroach, (kok'r6ch) n. the 
common black beetle, 
which infests pantries, ftc. 

Cockscomb, (koks'kOm) n. 
crest of a cock ; a plant. 

Cocksure, (kok'snoor) a. 
quite sure, (vulgar.) 

Cockswain, (kok'str&n)n. the 
otlicer who lias chai:ge of a 
boat and its crew. 

Cocoa, (kO'kd) n. the choco- 
late or palm tree, and a de- 
coction of the nut. 

Cocoanut, (kd'ko-nut) n. the 
fruit of the cocoa-palm, 
containing a white kernel 
full of delicious milk. 

Cocoou,Ckd'koon'}n. a ball of 
silk spun by the silk-worm 
before passing into the 
pupa state ;— -n. cocoon'ery, 
a house for silk-worms. 

Coctile.(kok'til) a. hardened 
by fire, as a brick. 

Coction, (kok'shun) n. act of 
boiling ; digestion. 

Cod, (kod) n. a sea-fish; a 
husk, shell or pofl ;— n. cod'- 
linz, a voung cod-finh. 

0>dffle, (kod'l) i». t. to keep 
warm ; to pamper ; to fon- 
dle; to parboiUo. codMIinc 

Code, (kod) n. a system oi 
legal forms or civil laws. 

Codez,(ko'deka)n. a writing; 
manuscript volume ; code. 

Codjjer, HcodMcr) n. old fogy. 

Codicil, (kodi-6il)n. supple- 
ment to a will ; — a. coaicil'- 
lary, contained in a codicil. 

Codify, (kort'i-fl) v. t. to put 
into the form of a code ;— 
ppr. cod'ifying i—pp. cod'- 
Ined';— n. codiBca'tion, re- 
duced to a FVPtem, ns laws. 

CocfRcacy, (co-ef-fi-ca-si ) n. 
Joint emcauy or power. 

Coefficient, (kd-ef-fish'cnt)a. 
efficient in company with 
something else;— n. that 
which co-operates or acts 
together with another 
thing t^-cid. coeffi'ciently; 
— n. coeffic'iency,coK>pera- 
tion to produce effects. 

Coemption, (co-era'shun) n. 
a purchasing of the whole 
quantity of anything. 

Coequal,(kd-£-kwal)a. equal 
with another i—ad. ede'' 
qually ;— n. cocqual'ity. 

Coerce, ( kO-ert') v. t. to com- 

Eel ; to keep within limits ; 
> restrain by force;— »;yr. 
cdercing i—pp. cOerced';— 
n. coercion, compulsion. 

Coercible, (ko^rs'i-bl) a. that 
may be restrained or com- 
pelled i—ad. coerc'ibly. 

Coercive, (k6-er'Biv) a. com- 
pelling ; restraining. 

Coessential, (kO-es-scn'shal) 
a. of the same esrence. 

CoeteruRl, ( kd-^-tei'nal ) a. 
equally eternal with an- 
other ;—(ul. coeter'nallv. 

Coeval, (kO-e'val) a. living 
at the same time ;— ft. one 
who is contemporary. 

Coexist, (k&.egz-ist') v. i. to 
exist together;— n. coex- 
isrence ; — a. coexist ' cnt, 
existing at the same time. 

a. having equal extent ;— 
n. coexten'fiiou. like space. 

Coffee, ( kof f e ) n. the berry 
of the coffee-tree; the drink 
made from it ;- n». cofftt- 
hottse, a place for refresh- 
men ts;-<?q/yce-pof, a vessel 
in which coffee is boiled. 

Coffer, (korfer) n. a chest ; 
a treasure ; a trench. 

Coffer-dam, (koffcr-dam) n. 
a water-tight barrier or box 
of timber aunk to the bot- 
tom of a river, Ac, for the 
purpose of excluding the 
water during the progress 
of some work, ns laying 
foundations of pier5, &c. 

Coffin, (kof'fin; n. a box for 
a dead human body ;— v. (. 
to confine in acotiin. 

Cog, (keg) «. the tooth of a 
wheel, by which it acts up- 
on another wheel ; a boat. 

Cogcncy,(kO'ien-ei) n. power; 
urjrency ; force ; great 
strength ; adapted to con- 

vince;— o. eo'gent, con- 
rincing ;— <uf. co'geutly. 

Coritate, (kofi-tat) v. u to 
think ; to meditate ; to re- 
volve in the mind;— n. cog- 
itation, meditation ; — o. 
cogita'tivc, opt to think. 

Cognate, (kog'nit) a. bom 
or the same family ; re- 
lated to; of the same kind; 
— n. cogna'tion, dcKcent 
from the same original. 

Cognac, (kon'yak)n. the best 
kind of French brandy. 

Cognition, (kos-nish'un) n. 
certain knowledge. 

Cognizance, (kog'niz-ans)n. 
knowledge or notice, judi- 
cial or private ; ol^erva- 
tion ; jurisdiction t that by 
which one is known ; a 
badjge t—a. cog'nizable. 

Cognizant, (kog'niz-ant) n. 
having knowledge of. 

Cognomen, (kog-nd'men) n. 
surname or fomilv name ; 
appellation : a. cogTiominal 

Cognovit, (kog-nS'vit) n. 
(jaw) an acknowledgment 
oy the defendant in an 
action that the plaintiff's 
cause iM" claim is just. 

(^g-wheel, (kog-hwSI) n. a 
wheel furnished with cogs 
to run in a similar wheel. 

0>babit, (k6-hab'it) v. i. to 
live as husband and wife ; 
to dwell together ; — ;>pr. 
cOhab'iting i—jpp. cohabit- 
ed ;— n. cuhabita'tion. 

Coheir, (kO-ar-) n. a joint 
heir to an inheritance. 

Cohere, (kO-her') v. i. to stick 
together; follow in regular 
natural order ; agree. 

(^hercnce, (ks-her'ens) n. 
union of parts ; a cleaving 
together of two bodies by 
means of attraction. 

Coherent, (kO-h«r'cnt) o. 
consistent; connected; reg- 
ularly adapted; — arf. co- 
herently, logically : fitly. 

Cohesion. (kO-he'zhun) n. 
Btite of union ; the attrac- 
tion by which particles of 
homogeneous bodies co- 
here ; logical connection. 

Cohesive,(kd-he'tiiv) a. stick- 
ing; tending to unite into a 
mass nnd adnere;— n. cohc'- 
siveness :— arf. cohc'sivcly. 

O>hort, (kO'hort) n. a troop 
of 500 to GOO soldiers. 


by Google 

A good retreat is next to a vic- 
tory. — Dr. Emmons. 

A goose-quill is more dangerous 
than a lion's claw. 

A good wife it/ & liusband's 
crown. — RouM. 

A good wife makes a good hus- 



Coif, Ckoif) n. a cap for the 
neaa;— V. (. to drcM witk a 
coif J— *«. coiffiire. 

Coil, (koil) r. t. to idnd or 
rather in rings or a circu- 
lar heap I — fi. a circular 
form, as a serpent, or rop« 

Coin, (koln)n. money stamp- 
ed with a legal imprcesion; 
—V. t. to stamp metal for 
money, etc. { to make. 

Coinage, (koin'aj) n. act of 
coinuijg money i the pieces 
coineoi invention { xaUc 

Coincide, (ko-in-sld) r. i. to 
agree in opinions! to cor- 
respond! to be identical. 

Coincidence, (kG-in'si-dcns) 
n. agreement! the occur- 
rence of an event at the 
same time as another event; 
tendency of thinp;« to the 
same end;— a. coin'cidenti 
—ad. coin'cidently. 

Coition, (k&-ish'un) n. act of 
generation ! copulation. 

Coke. (kOk) n. coal charred 
and deprived of its vola- 
tile matters; v. t hail bam 

Colander, (kol'an-dcr; n. a 
vessel having small holes 
in the bottom ; a strainer. 

Colchicura, (kol'cbi-kum) n. 
meadow saffron, a poison. 

Cold, (kuld) a. destitute of 
wnnnth, physical or moral; 
frigid {not kind ! reserved ; 
— n. sensation produced by 
Iqss of heat % a disorder 
caused by cold ;— a. coM'- 
fah, rather cold;— a.7. cold'- 
ly. indifferently •• Icily. 

Cold-hearted, (kdd'hart-ed) 
a. TO i d of feeling ; apa- 
thetic ; indifferent. 

Coldness, (kdld'nes) n. want 
of heat 1 reserve ; uncon- 
cern ; indiflference ; frost. 

Coleoptera,(kO'-le-op'ter-e) n. 
an order of insects (as Uie 
beetle) havin;; two pairs of 
wines, the outer part bein(T 
hard: or homy, serving as 
ccscA for the true wings. 

Cole wort, (kfll'wurt) n. cab- 
bage which does not head. 

Colic, (koVik) n. a disorder 
of the eolon i acute pain in 
the stomach and bowels. 

Coliseum, (kol-i-sfi'-um) n. a 
gigantic bnildint;: esp.Tes- 
nwian's amphitheater at 
Rome, which waa the larg- 
•at in the world. 

Collaborator, (kol-lab'o-rft- 
tor) n. an associate ia liter- 
ary or scientific labor. 

Collapse, (kol-laps) v. ^ to 
f alltogcther, as the sides of 
a boiler or other cavity ; to 
close ! to shrink up ;— n. a 
falling in ; sudden depres- 
sion of the vital powers. 

Collar, (koriar)n. something 
worn around the neck ; 
part of a garment at the 
neck: part of a horse's hai^ 
ness;— 1% <• to put on a col- 
It* r ! to seize by the dollar. 

Collar-bone, fkolTar-bOn) n. 
a bone shaped like an 8, 
between the breast -bone 
and the shouMer-bladc, al- 
so called the clavicle. 

Collatable, (kol-lafa-bl) a. 
capable of being collated. 

Collate, (kol-iaf ) r. t. to com- 
pare { to examine ! to placo 
in order, as the sheets of a 
book for binding { — rpf. 
collit'ing;— j>p. coUif cd;— 
«. colla'tor uatherer. 

Collateral, (koHafer-al ) n. 
notes, bonds or property, 
put in pledge r» security 
for a lonn or debt ; a col- 
lateral relation;— a. run- 
ning parallel or side by 
side; not direct; descended 
from a common ancestor, 
but not directly, as the 
children of brothers. 

Collation (kol-Ii'shun) n. a 
bringing together for ex- 
amination and com parison ; 
a repast between meals. 

Colleague, (koHcg) n. a part- 
ner or associate ; v. (. unite 

Collect, (kol-lekt) v. t. ovi. to 
bring together; to compile: 
to inter as a consequence; 
to recover from Burj)ri8e ; 
to call for and receive an 
account, debt or subscrip- 
tion;— j>pr. collecting, as- 
sembling ;— pp. anda.col- 
lecf cd, gathered; cool: not 
disturbed \—ad. coUccted'- 
ly;-a. collecrable.that may 
be collected, aa money ;—n. 
coUected'ness, aelf-posses- 
sion I — ad. collectivc'ly, 
taken together; a.collective 

Collect, (koliekt) n. ft short 
comprehensive prayer. 

Collection. Ocol-leVshun) n. 
act of collecting : sum col- 
lected i assemblage ; — n. 

collec'tor, • receiver of 
taxes or debts ; a compiler. 

CoUectorsliip, ( kol - Ickt'or- 
ship) n. office of a collector 
of customs or taxes. 

College, (koI'e|) fi. an as- 
sembly or society ; institu- 
tion for instruction. 

CoUegiatc, (koWe'ji-at) o. be- 
longinK to a college ; in- 
stitutea after the manner 
of a college;— n. coUc'gian, 
a student, &c. 

Collet, (koHct) n. the part of 
a ring where a stone is set. 

Collide, OsoMid) v. i. to strike 
or dash togcther;~wjr.cor- 
Ird'ing!— np. col'llded. 

Collier, (kol'yer) n. a digger 
of, or dealer in, coals ; a 
coal««hip ;— n. colliery, a 
coal mine ; the coal trade. 

n. act of aiming at a mark. 

Collision, ncol-lizh'un) n. a 
itrilking together ; a clash, 
as of two railway trains 
coming tv>gether ; ronflict. 

Collocate, (kollO-kit^ v. t. to 
set in order » to place to- 
gcUier;— <i. placed together; 
— n. colloca'tion, arrange- 
ment ; disposition. 

Collodion, (kcl-lO'di-on) n. 
a glucjf solution of gun- 
cotton m alcohol and ether, 
used in surgery and pho- 

tography;— a., M. col'Ioid. 
[lollop, (kol'up) n 
slice of meat; a fat lump. 

) n. a cut or 

Co:k>quia1, (kol-16'kwi-al) a. 
pertaining to or used in 
common conversation i — 
ad. col'loquiallv ;— ». col'- 
loquy. talk, dialogue. 

Colloquialism, (kol-lolcwi- 
al-ism) n. a conversational 
f ormof words; wxolloquirt 

Collude, (kol-Idd') v. ?. to 
conspire in a fraud; to pliqr 
into each other's handa. 

Collusion, (koUil'sfaun) n. a 
secret agreement to de- 
fraud or deceive ;—<i. col- 
lu'sive, fraudulently aou- 
certed ;— a</. coUusively. 

Colocynth, (kor6-sinth) n. 
drug made from the bitter 
apple : a strong purge. 

Colombier, (ko-Iom-beer) n. 
a drawing or ledger paper 
23 X 34 inches in size. 

Colombo, (ko-lomlx)) n. aa 
aromatic pungent root. 


by Google 

A gfood shepherd shears the 
sheep, and docs not flay them. 

Jest tiot with the two-edged 
sword of God's word. — FuL. 

A good tale is none tlie worse for 

being twice told. 
A good tale i^ often spoiled ia 

the telling. 




Colon, (kOlon) n. point (:) 
denoting a bhorter pause 
than a period ; lar^c intes- 
tine or receptacle lor food. 

Colonel, (kur'nel) n. cora- 
minder of a regiment ;— ». 
colonelcy, hit ofllice, etc. 

Colonize, (kol'on-Ii:) v. t. to 
settle with inhaMtants i to 
settla a distant country t— 
ppr. coronlring;— jw. col'- 
onlzcd;— a. colonial, be- 
longing to a co'onyi— ns. 
colon 'Mt, inhabitant of a 
colony ; coloniza'tion, set- 
tling of a territory by em- 
izranti; forming colonies. 

Colonnade, (kol-o-nad') n. a 
rovr of columns placed at 
regular distances. 

Colony, (kol'6-ni) n. a body 
of people who have settled 
in another country', subject 
to the pirent slitcj the 
country inhabited by such. 

Colophon, (kol'u-fon) n. the 
inscription tit the etui ot a 
book, cont ]inini;a dite, Ice. 

ColoAS'.is, (k6-los'us) n. a gi- 
nntic statue, particularly 
that of Apollo, which stootl 
at the entrance of t!ie har- 
bor of Rhodes ; — a. coloss'- 
al, hu?e. gigantic. 

Color, (kul'er) n. a property 
of light ; appearance of 
blocd in tlie f ace { tint, 
paint t appearance to the 
eye: palliation; false ithow; 
kind ;— M. colorist, one who 
ptdnts or excels incnloring: 
—V. t, to dye ; to stain ; to 
disguise ;— r. i. to turn red j 
to blush ',--pL colors, R flag, 
ensign or standard x paints. 

Colorable, ( kurcr>a-bl ) a. 
plausible x specious ; prob- 
able i— acf.cnrorably. 

Colored, ( kul'erd )pp, or a. 
■dyod; p.tinted; falsified { 
specious in appearance. 

Coloriac, (knl-cr-iCik) a. 
able to produce color. 

^Coloring, ( kul-er-ing) ppr. 
and n. act of dying ; man- 
ner of applying color ; spe- 
cious npncarance. 

Colo.-ICBK, (kurcr-les) a. with- 
out colon transparent 

•Colt, (kOlt) n. yotmg horse i 
«-«. coltish, frolicsome. 

Colter, (kol't^r ) n. the fore- 
Iron of a nlov« to cut sod. 

I Colp«rfeut,(knt'p6rt-e7)N.ooa 

who tra-vcU to distribute 
tracts, books, or bibles x-^n. 
colporfage. peddling, kc 

Columbary, (kol'um-ba-ri) ». 
a jriffeoH-hmtae, or dove-cot. 

Columbian, (kd-lum'bi-an) n. 
pertaining to America from 
Columbus^ its discoverer. 

Columbine, (ko-lum-bin ) n. 
a kind of violet or dove 
color I a genus of plants ; 
the heroine In a panto- 
mine;~a. dove-colored. 

Column, (kol'um) n. a cylin- 
drical pillar; any upriglit 
body or mass like acolomn ; 
row of lines in a book i a 
body of troops o.ooruinned 

Columnar, (ko-lum'nar) a. in 
the form of a column. 

Colurcs, (kO-lurc) n. pL two 

Seat circles intersecting 
e solstitial and equinoc- 
tial points, nt ri^ht angles. 

Coma,(k6'mf.) n. noirinefsof 
a comet t preternatural pr«^ 
penalty to sleep » Jcthargj. 

Comatose, (kd'm9-td&) a. iua 
state cf stupor from unnat- 
ural sleep; drowsy. 

Comb, (k6ni) n. a toothed in- 
strument for cleaning hair, 
wool, flax, &c.; crest of a 
cock ; the top or crest of a 
wave; a number of cells in 
which bees lodce honey t a 
.hollow nmong hills i a nar- 
row valley ;— ^'. t. to dress, 
unravd. and cleanse with 
a comb;— pnr. coml/ing ;— 
pp. combed j— n. comb'er. 

Combat.(kom'bat) n. a battle; 
a light; n contest; a duel :— 
r. t. or I. tt> fight X contest ; 
oppose; to beat; con ten dor 
struggle with x—ppr. com'- 
bating ;—pn. com bated ;— 
<!((/*• com'batable, able to 
be opposed; combat' ive, 
as one inclined to flght ; — 
tu. com'batant, a champion, 
a controversialist; com'bat- 
ivcncss, a quarrelsome or 
disputatious disposition; in 
phrenology, the organ im- 
pelling to pugnafiitr. 

Combination. ( kom-bi-nft'- 
shun) n. 'intimate as8oeia> 
tion ; union of persons for 
some particubr object. 

Combine, (kom-hln)t'. f. or<. 
to unite intimately; join, 
agree; to ebme into close 
ttnion ; in cAem. to unite 

and form a new compound; 
—ppr. comblu'ing;o.. y>p. 
combined';— a. cunibln'- 
able, able to be fuincd. 

Combustibility, (kom-bu»-ti- 
bil'i-ti) n. capacity of burn- 
ing or being burned ; com- 
bus'tibleness ;— a. combus 
t'ible, liable to take fire 
and bum ; quick ; irascible; 
— n. a substance that bums. 

Combustion, (kom-bust'yuii) 
n. a burning; consumption, 
from heat; tumult, np- 
roar, hurly byrly. 

Come, (kum) i'. i. to move 
towards ; advance nearer ; 
to happen ; to arrive; to 
sprout, as plants ; to be 
fomied, as butter r—/»pr. : 
and a. coming, future, etc. 
—pret. cime •,—np. come. 

Comedy, Ckom'c-di) n. hu- 
morous or dramatic repre- 
sentation of the lighter 
faults and octions ot man- 
kind }— n. couie'dian. 

Comeliness, (kum'li-nos) n. 
grace ; beauty ; loveliness. 

Comely, (kuin'li) a. hand- 
some ; graceful; appnipri- 
ate; ogt'ceable ; beccmm:; 

Comestible, (ko-mes ti-bl) a. 
eatable ;— n. pL eatables. 

Comct.(kom'et) M. » hetivpnly 
e mita' 
a long 
or ! 

of luminous matter, and 
moves in a veiy eccentric 
orbit;— a. com'etary. 

Comfit, (kum'flt) n. a dry 
sweetmeat ; preserves. 

Comfort, (kum'furt) r. t. to 
strengthen ; to relieve from 

gain or distress ; to cheer ; 
> console ;— p/w. com'fort- 
Ing ;— pp. com'forted ;— n. 
relief i support : consola- 
tion ; encouragement 

Comfortable, Ocnni'f urt-a-bl) 
a. enjoying ease ; giving 
itrengtn and cnjcyrocnt ; 
—ad. cora'fortablv eaisily. 

Comforter, (kum'iurt-er) n. 
one who comforts and 
cheers ; the Ilnly Spirit as 
comforting belicvcm ; a 
long, narrow woolen tippet. 

Comfortieat, (kam't.ttrt-ics) 


by Google 

A hair casts its shadow on the 

ground. — Spanish. 
A handsome shoe often pinches 

the foot. — French. 

A hare maj draw a lion with a 
golden cord. [ol gall. 

A honeyed tongue with a he^ 
Give the devil his due.— Dryp. 



a. vitliont eomfortt forw 
lorn: miscnibie ; wretched. 

Comfrey, (kum'fri) u. a 
Btrenrthcning tie.-b. 

OomictU, (kom'ik^l) a. r*> 
lating to comedy ; hunu» 
oii« ; od-.l t diverting ;— a'/, 
com'ically i—ns. eom'ic«l- 
nciR, comical'ity. drollery. 

Comity, (kom'i-ti) n. eoui» 
te«y J Bufcvity i civility. 

Comma, (kom'ma) n. the 
point(,) noting the ehorteit 
paune in reading. 

Command, (koiu-inand') v. t. 
to order ; to eummon ; to 
lead ; to have within eisbt, 
influence or control; to di- 
rects to govern;— V. t. to ex- 
ercise or have supreme au- 
thority ;—ppr. and o. com- 
mand ing . fitted to imprcM 
or control; authoritative, 
impertous; anything which 
occupice a conspicuous 
place, an a mountain, or a 
quality of the mind, and 
overlooks or merges in it- 
self surrounding objects or 
influences:—/!, order ; In- 
junction ; message sword ; 
supreme power s nuthori^. 

Commander, (kom-mand'er) 
N. a chief who di:t!cts ; a 
military or navnl of&cer i— 
n. command'ant, an officer 
who commands a place or 
a body of trorps. 

m^'nt) n. command : order; 
precept ; moral law. 

CommatsriaU (kom-ma-te-ri- 
al) a. of the same matter or 
nature as another thing. 

Commemorate, (kom-mcm'O- 
rit) r. t. to keep in the 
mfmor» or mind: to cel- 
ebrate oy a colonm act or 
observation ; —n)r. c o m- 
mem'firAting ;— ;?p. coni- 
roem'Orfttcd ;— n.commcm- 
ora'tion \—<kJj». commcm'- 
orable, that which is wor- 
thy of remembrance ; com- 
mem'oratiye, the purpose 
of a celebration s in honoroC 

Commence, rkom-mens') v. t. 
to begin ; to enter upon r— 
V. t. to take rise ; to origin- 
ate s— jjpr. eommcnc'ingi— 
pp. commerced';— n. com- 
mence 'men t, beginning, 
odgin; cxerdsca et tte 

acolleftf tvnn. 

Commend, (kom-mend*) r. t. 
tu praise ; tc give into tlie 
cliarge oi ; to recommend ; 
applaud \—ppr. commcnd'- 
ing \—pp. coinme nd'cd ; — 
commend'bble, laud'- 

able ; c 

able ; eommcnd'atory, con- 
ferring praise or praise- 
worthy t-'od. comincnd'- 
ablyi— It. eommenda'tion , 
favorable representatiou ; 
declaration ct er teem. 

Commensurable, (kom-men'- 
Bfl-ra-bl) a. having a com- 
mon measure t applied to 
numbers divisible by the 
snme number without a 
remainder, as S and 24 by 
4 V— aef. commen'surably ; 
— ns. eommensurabil'ity, 

Commensurate, rkom-men'- 
a i-ri!> a. eqnal in measure 
or extent; in proportion 
with s— Off. commen'sur- 
ately s— n#. commcn'sur- 
ateucss, commcn'snration. 

Comm- nt,(kom'ment)r. i. to 
make rcmRrksorcnticii>ms 
on an action, event, pas- 
sage, «cc.;— n. com'mcnt, 
illnstratire or explnnntory 
notes I a remark ; observap 
ti^n, criticism. 

Commentary, ( kom'ment- 
«r-i) n. comment ; exi)osi- 
tion of the Bible, or an au- 
thor; a volume of notes; 
— M. com'mentator author. 

Commerce, (kom'mers^ n. 
interchange of commodi- 
ties; extended trade or 
traffic ; intercourse ; fel- 
lowship s— a. commer'cial, 
mercantile ;— a<f. commer'- 
cial ly. Recording to the 
rules of trade or business. 

Comminat'^ry, (kom-rain'-a- 
tor-i) a. threatening. 

Commingle, (kom-ming'-gl) 
V. t. to mix together; to 
mingle in one muss i-'ppr. 
or n. comminffling ;—pp. 
or a. commingled'. 

Comminute, (kom'min-Qt) r. 
t. to reduce to minute par- 
ticles or to powder X'-jipr. 
com'minutings— ;>;t). com'- 
minuted'^-n. comminn'tion 

Commiserate, (kom-mir'cr- 
*t) »♦. t. to compassionate i 
to feel for the miseries of 
another; to pity h-TT*"* 
commla'erfttliig;— ^. £^ra- 

mL<erftted ;— a. e«mimls'- 
erable, deserving pity. 

Commiscration,(kom-in i z-ei^- 
a'shun)n. compassions t>ity 
for the sufferings of others. 

Commissariat, (kom-m:s-s&'- 
ri-nt) H. the deiwrtmcnt 
which provides and distri- 
butes provisions, ftc, to an 
army, rarrison. excursion 
parw, hotel guests, etc.; 
the body of officers in such 
a department ;— a. com'- 
missary, one of the said 
officers ;— <i. rommis'sirfal. 

Commission, (kom-mish'un) 
n. a trust; compcnsatk)u 
for transactL-tg brsiness; a 
writing conferring certain 
powers or appointing to 
certain duties ; authority ; 
— r. t. to authorize, em- 
power, appoint s— <i. com- 
mi&s'ioned, legnl'y cm- 
powered ;-»!. conimis'sioner 

Commissure, (kom-mish'iir) 
n. a joint, a seam ; suture 
of parts of a body. 

Commit, (kom-mif) v. t. to 
intrust ; to imprison ; to 
pledge % to perpetrate ; — n. 
comrait'ment, i ra p r i s o n- 
mcnt ; reference to a com- 
mittee ; commission. 

Committal, (kom-mifol) n. a 

E ledge, actual or implied i of one's self. 

Committee, (kom-miftS) n. 
a number of persons select- 
ed to manage any business. 

Commix, (kom-miks') r. t. or 
i. to mingle together; to 
blend ;— n. commix'ture, a 
promiscuous mass. 

Commode. (kom<mOd') n. a 
small siael)oard ; a conve- 
nience in a sick room. 

a. complete sample; roomy i 
useful ; suitable ; cnmfoil- 
aole s— iw^. commo'diouslys 
— n. commo'diouFness. 

Commodity, (kom-mod'i-ti) 
n. mcrohandiscsany article 
of traffic or ukci ui thing. 

Comjnodore, (kom'o'ddr) n. 
the eominnnder or leading 
ship cf a fleet. 

Common. Oiom'un) a. pub- 
lie ; belonging c4ually to 
more than one i general, 
usual, f reqiient- easy to be 
hsdi of lUtle value; vrtlgar; 
—^w.cnmmonly .usually t— 


by Google 

A hundred years cannot repair a 
moment's loss of honor.— It. 

A life retired is well inspired. 
(Italian.) — Ovid. 

An idle brain is the devil's work- 
shop. {Scotch. 
An ill lesson is easily learned.— 
Jesters often prove prophets. 



n.tract of open land used in 
common by the inhabitants 
of a town, city, &c. ;-;>/. 
com'mons , Uud or food in 
common ; lower house of 
the Biitieh parliament. 

Commonaltv, (kom'un-nl-ti) 
n. body ot people; the bulk 
of mnnkind. 

koun-sil) n. Icgielativc Ixxly 
of a city, or corporate town. 

Common-law, (kom'mon-lo) 
n. customs which have by 
long observance, the force 
of laws, but are not usually 
statute lavrs} law by usiiKe. 

n. a common topic or sub- 
ject } A memorandum ;— a. 
well-known ; trite ;— n. com- 
monplace-t>ool\ a note or 
memorandum book. 

Common Pleas, (kom'mon- 
plez ) n. a court having 
jurisdiction above the Ma> 
fine court, &c. 

Common-sense, (kom'mon- 
scns) n. that pluin, sound 
wisdom and intelligence 
common to mankind; good 
sense in aCTairs, &c. 

Commonweal, (kom'un-wSl) 
n. the public welfare. 

Commonwealth, ( kom ' un- 
welth) n. a state ; body po- 
litic in a free state. 

Commotion, (kom-mO'shun) 
ft. tumult i agitation ; ex- 
cited or tumultuous action, 
physical or mental. 

Commune, (kom'mfln) r. i. 
to converse, confer ; have 
intercourse ; to take the 
sacrament of the Lord's 
sapper ;— n. a French word 
denoting territorial divis- 
ions, correspond ing to 
wards in a city « the peo- 
ple in such a district ;— a. 
commun'al, communis'tic, 
pertaining to a commune 
or to the levelling princi- 
ples of communists. 

Communicate^ (kom-mil'ni- 
kit) V. t. or I. to imiwrt ; to 
reveal ; to corrcMiond ; to 
have means of passing 
from one, or one place, to 
another i to confer ; to be- 
stow » to shore i— a. com- 
mu'nicablo, fit to bo sentor 
nvealed to othcrR- 

CenimuoiQtKnn, (k<im-mu- 

Ci-ka'uhun ) n. act of im- 
parting ; passage or laeons 
of intercourse; correspon- 
dence ; inl'oniiation given. 

Communicative, (koni-mCr- 
ni-kat-ivj| a. free to impat 
information to othcn«; n-.- 
reservcd ;— n. communica- 
tiveness, o])«:nncss. 

n, intercourse ; fellowsUi,.; 
a takin'4 of the Lord's sui>- 
pcrt concord t union in 
faith » body of people who 
so unite;— n. comma 'ri- 
cant, one who participates 
in tlie sncrament. 

Community, (kuni-mu'ni-ti) 
n. society ; common posses- 
■ion or enjoyment j people 
having common rights,etc.; 
the public or people. 

Communism, (kom'u-nizm) 
ij. community of property; 
doctrine of a system cf 
things in common ;-n. com- 
munist, one who advocates 
equal sharing of prop- 
erty; a sooialist. 

Commutable, (kom-mQ'tabl) 
a. that may be changed or 
exchanged ; interchange- 
able \—n. commutabil'ity. 

Commutation, (kom-mfi-ta'- 
ahun) n. exchangeione for. 
another ; the turn paid for 
the right to pass back and 
forth daily on « railroad or 
any public conveyance; 
changing a criminal's sen- 
tence, as from death to im- 
prisonment; ransora,equiv. 
alent ; change of a penalty 
or rate from a greater to a 
less ;—v. t. or i. commute', 
to diminish, as fares ; to 
mitigate, as a death sen- 
tence I exchange i atone. 

Commutative, (kom-mufftt- 
iv)a. relative to exchange. 

Compact, (kom-pa!:t') o. 
closely united; linn; brief ; 
close; dense ;—,i. a contract, 
bnguc. union, agreement ; 
— f. t. to press together ; to 
consolidate i uniTe closely i 
^ppr. compacfinr;— pp. 
and a. compact'cd ;—aa». 
compactly, compactedly j 
— «. compacf ness, dcnsi^, 
cloaencnn, concentration. 

Companion, (kom-pan'yun) 
n. an ossociatfl i partner ; 
counttrpartt match »-^k/;«. 

com pau'ion able, sociable, 
agreeable; contpan'ionles«, 
sulitanr ;— n. couipan 'ion- 
ship, felloTTship; company. 

Company, (koin'pi-ni) n. as- 
sembly cf persons ; firm ; 
partnersliip ; state of being 
a companion ; fellowship ; 
society ; a band ; a crew. 

Coniiiarcbic, (kom'par-a-bl) 
a. wortiiy of comparison ; 
of equal regard { similu*. 

Comparalive, (kom-par'a^tlv) 
a. estimated by comparing 
with something else ; not 
positive or absolute i in 
orojju expressing more or 
less;— ad. compir'ctively. 

Compare, (kom-piK) t*. t. to 
liken or represent as sim- 
ilar ; to place together and 
examine as to likeness or 
unlikencss, agreement or 
disagreement, fitness or 
uufiuiess; in pram, to in- 
flect an adjective i—v. i. to 
be like, or egual to ; to 
hold eompanson ; "ppr. 
comp&r'ing i— /V'. compar- 
ed' ;— n. compar'iBon, con- 
trast, proportion, simile, il- 
lustration, inflection. 

Compartment, ( kom-parf- 
ment) n. a division ; sep-- 
rate part; an enclosed water 
tight space in a ship. 

Compass, ^kom'pas ) v. t to 
surround or enclose t ob- 
tain ; accomplish ; plot ;— 
It. a circle i space ; limit ; 
range j reach or grasp of 
inind; amagnetized needle 
used to steer sliips by, &c 

Compasses, (kom'pas^z) n. 
pL en instru- 
ment for de- 
scribing cir- 
cles, ligure8,&e 

n.pity ;mercyi 

kt)a. inclined 
to pity;mcrci' 
f ul I tender;— p. f . to pity ; 
to aympathirc with ornavc 
merer upon;— rp''* wm- 
pass'fon&ting ; —rp. com- 
p&ss'ion&ted;— aa. compas- 
sionately I " n. corapaaa'* 
ionntcnots, raorcy. 

Compatible, Ocom-pal'i4>0 tL. 


by Google 

An ill turn is soon done. 
An ill wind, that blows nobody 
good. (Henry IV.)— Shakes. 
A patient waiter is no loser. 

An inch in an hour is a foot in a 

day's work. 
An inch to a man's nose makes a 

great difference. 



consistent t agreeable:—/!, 
compatibil'ity , suitability. 

Comp3itriot,(kom-p&'tri-ot) n. 
fellow countryman. 

Compeer, (kom-i>£r') n. col- 
league ; companion; equal. 

Compel, (kom-pel) v. t. to 
force ; constrain ; oblige { 
necessitate : nrgo irresisU 
ibly; to overpower i—ppr. 
compell 'fh J ; — pp. com- 
pelled';— a. compellable;— 
n. compell'cr, one who or 
anything that constrains. 

Compendium, (kom-pen'di- 
nm) n. short cut; abridg- 
ment ; summary t ( com- 
pend, for short; ;— a. com- 
pend'iousi— otf. compend'- 
ionsly, shortly, in brief. 

Compensate, (Kom' pen-sit) 
V. I. to make amends ; to 
give an equivalents tore- 
ward suitably for serviccH 
rendered i—ppr. compen'- 
sftting;— pp. compen's&tcd; 
— n. compienst'tion, remu- 
neration; recompense; 
amends;— ac^«. compen- 
sative, compen's.itory, re- 

. wardin;; ; making good. 

Compete, (kom-pct ) v. i. to 
seek or stnve after the 
same thing as another ; to 
rival ; contend for prizes. 

Competence, (knm'pi-tens) 
n. sufficiency; fitness; legil 
power « enonsh property 
to be independent 

Competent, (kom'p€-tcnt) 
able: sufflcient ; fit; legally 
quali fled ; — a f . com ' pe- 
tently. adequately. 

Competition, (kom-pe-tish'- 
nn) n. contest ; rivalry ; 
strife ; double claim ;— a. 
cocpct' itive, rival ; — n. 
compet'itor, an opponent. 

Compile, (kom-prl') v. t. to 
rearrange statistics, state- 
ments of fact, opinion, 
*c. : to compnee ; to gather 
from various sources or au- 
thors, OS a book ; — 'ppr. 
compflings— mi.complied's 
— «. compila'tion, a work 
or article condensed from 

. one or more sources. 

Complacent, (kom - pli'sent) 
comnlaisant, ( com ' pift - 
xant) o. cheerful ; civil ; 
affable ; adcnmmodating i 
desirous to pleaaet show- 
ing pt««snrt or cntisfae- 

tion ;— odr». compla'ccntly^ 
coni'ploisaiitty ; — n«. com- 
pl&'cence (or cy) sclfnip- 
probation ; satiHzaction of 
mind ; itleasure; affability: 
com'pliiisauce, civility; de- 
sire of pleasing ; oct of ad- 
nlation ; deference. 

Complain, (kom-pl&nO v. i. 
to uiunnur ; to accuse ; to 
find lault; to express gnef , 
pain, censure, &c. ;— w^r. 
complain'ing ; — pp. com- 
plained':—;}, coniplain'unt, 
a fault-finder; prosecutor. 

Complaint, (kom-planf) n. 
a murmuring ; on accuso^ 
tion, remonstrance; cause 
of complaint, as sorrow, 
grief, or bodily ailment. 

Complement, ( knm' pig- 
ment) n. that which com- 
pletes the deficiency ; the 
full quantity or number 
supplied \—ad(js. compld- 
menfal, com piemen t'arv. 

Complete, (kom-plct) a. fin- 
ished ; perfect ; entire ;— v. 
t. to fill up, finish or per- 
fect ; to nccompIi.>-h ;—ppr. 
oomplft'ing ;— pp. com- 
plSt'ed ;— arf. complete'ly ; 
— n«. complcte'ness, coro- 
plc'tion, perfect state. 

Complex, (kom'pieks) a. 
composed of many parts ; 
difHcult ; intricate « not 
simple ; — ad. com'plexly t 
— n. complex'ity, intricacy 

Complexion, (kom -pick' - 
shun) n. the color or hue 
of the skin, especially the 
face ; texture ; tempera- 
ment; general appearance; 
— a<//s. complex'ional, de- 
pending on external ap- 
pearance ; complex'ioned, 
having a certain tempera- 
ment or state* or coVr. 

Comiiliance, ncom-pirans)n. 
a yielding to a reouest ; as- 
sent or consent; obedience 

Comnliant, (kom-pU'antJ a. 
yielding, civil, submissive; 
obliging ; complaisant:— /i. 
compli'able ;— ad. compll'- 
ontlv ; — n. com ' plianle, 
obedience, consent 

Complicate, (kom'pli-kit) r. 
I. to twint tngfther ; to 
make intricate ; to en tan- 
gle j—pnr. rom'plioitingi— 
pn. mni'plicated:— »«.com- 
plica'tion, com'plicocy« a 

complex question, diA- 
culty, entanglement. 

Complicity, (kom-plis'i-ti) n. 
being an accomplice. 

Compliment, (kom'pli-ment) 
n. act or expression of civ- 
ility ; delicate flattery t—v. 
t. to bestow praise upon ; 
to flatter i—ppr. com'pli- 
mcnting i — pp. com'pU- 
mcnted -.—a. complimenf- 
ary, expressing praise. 

Coniplot, (koni'iilot) n. con- 
spiracy ;— r. t. cumplot', to 
plot together; conspiie. 

Comply, (kom-plr) v. t. to 
yield to; be obsequious to ; 
accord or suit with. 

Component, (kom-pdn'ent) 
a. helping to iorm a com- 
pound : — n. constituent 
part or element. 

Crmport, (koni-pOr ") r. t. or 
t. to agree, suit or put up 
(with), behave ; conduct. 

Comportablc. (kom-p6"t'a- 
bl) a. conMsteut ; suitable. 

Compose, (kom-p6z') v. Lto 
soothe ; quiet ; allay ; tn 
write or dictate, as a 
book or muMc ; to consti- 
tute, as parts of a whole ; 
to put in order ; to set up 
printing type ; — a. com- 
p(iscd, settled, calm, quiet: 
—its. compos'er, a writer of 
music, ftc. : compos'edness, 
compos'ure,calmn ess, tran- 
quillity, sedatencss. 

Composite, (kom'poz-It) a. 
composed of two or more 
distinct ports ; in orcA., 
blending different orders. 

Composition, (kom-p6-zish'- 
un) n. act of composine or 
of setting types ; a work in 
literature, art, music or 
painting; a mass formed of 
different ingredients; 
union ; combination ; an 
agreement whereby pay- 
ment of part of a debt is 
taken for the whole:— n. 
compositor, a type-setter. 

Cnmpost. (kom'p6st) n. a 
mixture for manures, ftc. 

Compound, (kom'pound) a. 
formed of several ingredi- 
ents ; not simple ; — n. a 
mix^lre composed of dif- 
ferent substances ; — v. *. 
compound', to place to- 
gether: to mix ; to settle or 
adjust by agreement, at a 


by Google 

. Nothing^ is more terrible than act- 
ive ignorance. — Go£TH£. 
A little knowledge (learning) is a 
dangerous thing. 

A kind word is better than a 

harsh one. — Tamil. 
A lawyer and a cart-wheel must 

be greased. 




ftkMijr, t>.i. «o «9n!ie to t emu ; 
to bai^Ain in the lump ^- 
n. coin|>oui)d'er,« Ciixerof 
medicines, etc. 

Comprehend, ( kom- pr6 - 
hend') V. C lo compme or 

^ include; to undenluid ; to 
implj; to conceive ; to em- 
brace vithia limits, either 
mentally or phjacally ;— 
ppr. conipiihciid'ing;— /)p. 
comprohend'cd ;— «. com- 

firehensible, capnbleof be- 
ng emsped hv the mind ; 
—atL comprcnen>ib!y ; — 
*. coniprchensibil'ity. 

Colin prchen sioit, ( kom - prfe- 
hcn'ehun) »>. act or quality 
of coinprehendin^ mental 
capacity ; knowledj^r. 

Comprehensive, Ckom-prC- 
hen'alv) a. including much 
in few words ; extensive ; 
full; capacious; l;in;€ men- 
tal powers ;— Off. compre- 
hen ' sirely ; — m. conipre- 
hen'siTcness, fullness. 

Compress (Voin-pj-es') i*. *. 
t<* foxe into a narrower 
space; condense ; squeeze; 
— a. comp'Tss'ible ;—«.'«. 
compresRioil'i^y, capable 
of contraction fcomprcss'- 
lon, pressure, condensa- 
tion $ — ff com press ' ive, 
tending to compress. 

Coraprisa, (kom'pres) ». a 
Bolt linen cushion, used in 
surgery for wounds, &c. 

Comprise, Ocom-prlz) r. t. 
to c. niprehend ; to con- 
tain ; to include iu ilfelf. 

Comprominc, fkom'prb-mlz) 
n. an amicable agreement ; 
adjustment by mutual con- 
cessions ; — i». t. to yield 
■onethine on ♦ach side; to 
abide by the dcci:ionof an 
arbitrator ; to adjust •. to 
pledge ; to involve ; to put 
m a tiaxardoiis or BUi<pi- 
cious position, to take to«s. 

Compulsion, (kom-pul'shun) 
N. actof compelling; forcot 
TJolence; constraint or re- 
straint 5 necessity •, — adjs. 
c^mptil'sivc, compursory. 
forcuig ; cdnstroining : — 
adrs. compul'sively. com* 
pul'sorily ; ur wilHii^y. 

Compunction, (kom-pu'ngk'- 
8hun)iC remorse: poignant 
sorrow for sin i repentance. 

Compunctious, (kom-pnngk' 

khus)<i. giving or feeling 
pain foroft'eiices { repent- 
ant ; reiaorscful. 

Com purgation , ( kom - pup- 
sA'shun) n. a justiiying Ij 
the testimony of others. 

Computation, <kom<> pu>tir- 
«hun)n. act or process of 
reckoning ; acalcuJatioa ; 
estimate < amount. 

Cbmpute, (kom-puf) v. i, %o 
coirat ; to calculate ; to 
reckon ; to snra up ; to 
number; to cast tqgelherin 
order to find the collective 
value;— ppr. comparing; 
— pp. compufcd ^-a. ccno- 
put'cr, one who catimates, 
*c. ?— n. computable. 

Comrade, (kom'rad)ti. a corn- 
pan inn ; a partner! a mate. 

Con, (kon) a prelixdcnotlug 
uHth or against, as in pro 
ami con, •■^r. I. to know; to 
inquire into ; to conmiit to 
mcmony \—ppr. conn'ing ; 
— pp. conned', perused. 

Con-amore. ( kon-o- mO'ri ) 
ad. with love or pleasure. 

Concatenate, (kon-kot'e-nat) 
r. C. toluik; to connect in 
a chain or eerios; — jipr. 
ooncnt'enating ; — pp. con- 
catenated ;— n, concctcna'- 
tion, connection by links 
or a series of events, «:c. 

Concave,Ckon'lUlv>fc vaulted 

n. ahollow : ^j.-— ' - -.1 
an arch <^t\. ^ 

vault. t^^^^'^ir'^'T 

Concavity, -^ "" "" - J 

ti> n. the inner anrfaoeof a 
hollow bodyio.cop'cavcue. 

Concavo-convex, (kon-kf- 
v6-kon'veks) a. concaveon 
theone side and conrcxon 
the other, as a lena. 

Concavo-concave, fkon-kil'- 
vo-kon'kav)«. concave or 
hoHow on lx)th surfaces. 

Conceal, (kon-sSV) r. t. to 
bide 5 to secrete ; to keep 
from telling; to disguise ; 
to screen ;— ppr. and a. 
concenlingt fp.conccaled'; 
— o.. ronceal'able, able to be 
kept secret ;— n</. conceal'- 
ediy; — n. conceal'ment, se- 
crecy ; disguise; abiding. 

Concede, <kon-8€d) r. t. to 
grant or give up ; to quit, 
•11 rrender, admit \ — adji. 

concessive, granting; coc- 
ceaSoQr. yielding. 

Conceit, (kon-Mfif) n. fancy ; 
vanity ;idca ; thougiit ',iva- 
agiiuttion; pleasant, fan- 
tastical or affected notion ; 
favorable opinion of self,, 
family, ancestors, &c.: — v. 
r. to imagine; to believe;— 
a. conccit'ed, vain, proud, 
egotistical^— <u/. t»nceited- 
ly ;— «. conceifedness. 

Conceival^e, < kon-sSv'a-hl ) 
a. that nwy oe conceived, 
imagio<Nl, understood, or 
believed ;wid.concciv'ab!f ; 
— «. conceiv'ablencsa. 

Conceive, (kon-fev') r. t. or 
«. to fo;-m in the mind ; re- 
ceive into and form in the 
womb; to become preg- 
nant ; to comprehend ful- 
ly; to imagine: totliink;— 
ppr. conceiving;— rp. con- 
ceived' ;—». con'cept, a 
tliiug conceived : a notion. 

Concent, (kon-scnf) n. crn- 
cordof flounds : consistency 

Concenter, (kon-scnt'-er) r. 
/. to bring to or meet in a 
comnw»n center or point. 

Concentrate, (kon-scn'trat> 
V. t. to bring to a common 
center, into a cloHcr niiion, 
ora narrower compass; to 
condense .• — ad,)a. concco'- 
trativc ;concen't!-atcd, uni- 
ted -t—w. concentration, a 
massing together, a centri- 
petal tendency, etc. ; co«- 
cwi't '-aft rengitg, olisorpti on 
of mind, powerful exertion 
of the faeultieson onesub- 
jcct or i n one direction . 

Concentric, (kon-«en'trik) a. 
having a common center ; 
— ad. conccn'trically. 

Conception, ( kon-sep'shun> 
f». ret of conceiving or ob- 
ject conceived ; an idea or 
£urposein the mind: mcn- 
tl power; apprehension : 
pointed thought ; senti- 
ment; pregnancy;— a. con- 
cep'tivc, active mentality. 

Concern, (kon-scm') v. t. to 
affect or make uneasy ; to 
interest ; to belong to ; to 
intermeddle;— n. an affair ; 
anxiety; solicitude ; a bus* 
iness or those connected 
M'Tth it : — n. and pp. con- 
affeetea ; e n g ag.a d in ;— 


by Google 

A judicious silence is always bet- 
ter than truth spoken without 
charity. (French.) — De Sales. 

A good tree yields not p<»sonoas 

fruit, nor « poisonous tree 

good fruit. — Tamil. [lost. 

A good thing is known when it is 

Law is the music of the spheres, 




r»re;>. ccmcern'inf, mrsrd- 
luj »—aJ. conccrn'MUy I— 
a. concern' men t, aCLairi 
solicitude; importance. 

Concert, (kon-»crr) r. t. to 
contrireor plan together; 
to fnune by ntntual cou- 
•nltation ; to ftdiust. 

Concert, (lcon'»ert) n. nfrree- 
tnent ; union : musical en- 
tertainment | harmony. 

Concerto, (kon-ser'tu) n. « 
piece of co'.icertmuBie. 

Concertina, ( kun-ser-te'na)ii. 
n musicul instrument, on 
the plan of the accordcon. 

Concession, (koo-sefh'un) n. 
act of conceding; the thing 
yielded ; a erant; apotogT. 

Conch, (kongk) n. sea siteli. 

Conchoidal, ( kong-koid'al ) 
conchif erous. ( konK - kit' 
*i>i:s) a. having elevations 
or dcpresejons like the 
T;ilve of a bivalTa thelt. 

Conclwlogy, (konff-kcl'o-ji) 
». (hescienceof shells, sua 
their inhabitsnts^-n. ccn- 
chol'ogist, adept in shells. 

Concihatc, (kon-ciri-At) v. t. 
to coin hy kindness ; to 
bring together ; tounitein 
thought or ieelinp; to make 
fiiendly ; to gxin, vin or 
reconcile \—jijn', and a. 
concili'uting ;— jap. concil'- 
iated, placated, won. 

Conciliation, (kon -i-il -i -& '- 
shun)n. net of reconciHng; 
— n. concil'iator, a peace- 
maker;— o. ooncil'-iatory, 
winning, pacific. 

Concise, (kon*sls') a. short ; 
abridged « saying much in 
a few words \-f-€M. concise- 
ly I— n. concise'ness, brev- 
ity in speaking or writing. 

Conclave, (kon-kliv) n. the 
room in which cardinals 
meet to elect a pope ; tlie 
body of cardinals; close 
assembly; private room. 

Conclude, (kon-kliid);'. t. to 
finish;— r. t. to infer. 

Conclusion, (kon-klu'zhun) 
H. end ; inference ; decis- 
ion ; judgment ; erent 

Conclusive, (knn-kltVsiv) a. 
final ; convincing ; decis- 
ive ; consequential ;— ad. 
conclus'ivelv ;— n. conclus'- 
ireness, finality. 

Coneoet, (kon-kokf) t*. t. to 
prepare or mature i^ppr. 

coneoct'ing ^—pp. eoncocf- 
ed i—n. conccc'tion, a de- 
vising in the mind ; a 
echcming project! diges- 
tion of food I mixture. 

Concomitant, (kon-kom 'It- 
ant) a. accompanying, or 
joined with; attending ;•-> 
fi. concurrent with; collat- 
eral ;— <Kf. concomitantly ; 
— n. concom'itance, (or cy) 
subsistence together with 
another thing. 

Concord, (kong'kord) n. har- 
mony; union ; peoce ; state 
of being of the same heart 
ot mind; oneness of feel- 
ings, opinions, &c. 

Concordant, (kcn-kord'ant) 
o. agreeing ; h.innonioas 5 
auitoble;— n. concord'ance. 
en index or dictionary of 
the leading words or pas- 
S3gesof the Biblcorof any 
anthor ; agreement. 

Concordat, (knn-kord'at) n. 
an Agreement or compact ; 
convention ; esp. one to 
which the nope is a party. 

Concourse, (kong^Ors; 
ssmbly of persons run- 
ning ordrawn together. 

Concrescence, (kcn-kres'- 
ens) n. a growing by the 
union of separate particles; 
— rj. con'creBcible. 

Concrete, (kon-kr€tO v. i. or 
t. to coalesce ; to grow by 
the cohesion of parts ;— a. 
cou'crete, formed into one 
mass I congealed ; the op- 
posite of abstract, and de- 
noting a particular thing ; 
— n.acompound; a wall or 
pavement formed of lime, 
sand, stones, &c.; in logic, 
a tangible subject;— a. con- 
crefive, 'coagtilatire ;— ns. 
concre'tion, conerete'ness, 
coalescence ; a lump:— cuf. 
concretely, es asphalt. 

Concubinage. (kon-kA'bin- 
aj) n. cohabitation without 
legal marriage:— M. concu'- 
bine, a mistress. 

Conculcate. (kon-kul'kate) 
r. t. to trample under fo<Jt. 

Concupiscence, (kon-ku'- 
pis-ens) n. excessive or ir- 
regular desire for unlaw- 
ful pleasure: lust;— a. eon- 
cu'piscent, sinful, iiutf oL 

Concur, (kon-kur') t». t. or t. 
to agree or combine ; to 

meet or unite in one poiat; 
to assent to ; endorse. 
Concurrent, (kon-kur'ent)a. 
asaociatei coming, acting 
or existing together;— n. 
that Which agrees t equal 
claim I joint right ;— <ic/. 
concurr'cntly, in concert; 

— n. concurrence, agree- 
ment t Joint action. 

Concussion, (kon-knsh'ua) 
M. a shaking t agitation : n 
Tiolent ehocR caused by 
the contact of two bodies, 
by an explosion, or bv a 
blow on the head produc- 
ing concussion of the brain 

Condemn, (kon-dem') v. i. 
to And gnilhr ; doom to 
punishment; to pronounce 
unfit for use 1 to reject ; 
censure ; blame \—a. con- 
dcmn'able, culiKible, blam- 
able ; eontlemn'atory, con- 
taining censure ;— «». con- 
dcmna'tion, sentence, 
blame, state of guilt t con- 
dem'ner, a ceit»or. 

Condense, (ken-dens') v. t. 
or t. to diminish the bulk 
and not the weights to 
make very dense or thick j 
to compact; to grow dense; 

— a. thick, dense, close, 
massy, weighty \—TPy- or 
a. condens ine, causing 
diminution of oulk v-pp. 
or o. condensed', reduced 
in compass, es a book, or 
body of steam; o. condens- 
able, reducible in volume ; 
-Its. condens'cr, an appar- 
atus attached to an engine; 
condensa'tion, process by 
which a body is rendered 
more dense and compact. 

Condescend, (kon-de-scnd') 
V. I. to descend or let one's 
self down ; to descend will> 
ingly from a superior po- 
sition ; to stoop ; deign ; 
yield ; submit ;—ppr. ccn- 
doscend'ing ; — /'p. con- 
dSscend ' ed ; — a. conde- 
scending, yielding to in- 
feriors ; courteous ; oblig- 
ing ;— aef. condescending 
1y, witli great urbanity*. 

Condescension , (kon -de-fen'- 
shun) n. actof condescend* 
ings kindncKS to inferiors ; 
courtesy: hnmilihr. 

Condign, (kon-dInO a. ade- 
quate; deserved ;—«'/. Con- 


by Google 

A laying hen is better than a 

standing mill. 
A lazy boy and a wann bed are 

difficult to part. 

A lazy man carries around him a 
perpetual burden. 

A liar is not believed when he 
speaks the truth. — Italian. 




dign'ly, fitly, suitably s— n. 
cun liju'ncas, jaxtness. 

Condiment, (kon'di-mcnt) n. 
tTiTit which i» put along 
with tonicthiiig else to pre- 
serve or pickle it ; naucc. 

Condition, (kon-dish'un) n. 
>st:t3 in wliich things are 
put together or exist t a 
particular manner of be- 
ing { quality, rank, tem- 
per; a terra of a contract ; 
proposal { arrangement ; — 
V. j. or t. to make terms ; 
to p^reo upon \—ppr. con- 
di ' tioning ; —pp. condi'- 
tioned; — acija. condifional, 
conditioned, with reserva- 
tions, depending on stipu- 
lations; not absolute \—ad. 
conditionally, on terms. 

Condolence. (kon-dOl'ens) n. 
sympathetic grief for oth- 
ers; civilities and messages 
of friends upon any loss or 
misfortune ; — a. condol'- 
ing }— I', t. condole'. 

Condone, (kon-don') v. (. to 
forgive; pardon; remit;— 
n. condona'tion, forrive- 
ncss, especially of adultery 

Condor, (kon'dor)n. tlielai-g- 
cet (Ij'ing bird, a species of 
vulture found in S. Am. 

Con'luce, (kon-dus') v. t. to 
lead or tend to ; promote ; 
contribute ; serve to some 

fmrpose ; — adjn, conduc'- 
ve, conduc'iblo; tending; 
having power to promote ; 
— n. conduc'iveiicss. 

Conduct, fkon'dukt) n. per- 
son a I uehavior j deport- 
ment : escort or guidance ; 
style of management. 

Conduct, (kon-aukt')r. t. or 
i. to minage; to behave ; to 
bring along, or guide ; in 
J\tat or electn'cit!/, to carry 
or transmit;— p;w. or a. 
conducting ; — pp. or a. 
con lucfed, as in the case 
of heat transferred from 
one body to another by 
conduction ;— a. conducf- 
ible;— ». cemductibil'ity, 
capacity of transmission. 

Conduction, (kon-duk'shun) 
N. transmisMon by a con- 
ductor, ns host or electricity 

Conductor, (koii-dukt'or) n. 
leader; commnnder; rail- 
road fare or ticket collector; 
that which lias the property 

of transmitting electricity, 
tiC.;—fhm. conduct'rcss. 

CQaduit,(kon'dit) n. channel 
or pipe to convey water. 

Cone, (k6n)n. a solid body 
tapering to a point from a 
circular base— as a sug^r* 
loaf I fruit shaped like a 
cone, as that of the pine. 

Confabulation, (kon-fab-u- 
lo-sliun) H. familiar talk. 

Confection, ( kon-f ek'shun ) 
n. a sweetmeat prepared 
with sugar;— na. confec'- 
tiouory, candies, &c.; in 
general anything made up 
with Buj^r t conf ec'tioner, 
a dealer m confections. 

Confederacy, ( kon-fed'cr-*- 
si) n. a league or union of 
persons, or states :—nj>. con- 
f edera'tion, alliance.union, 
engagement, federal com- 
pact ; confederate, an allv: 
an accomplice ;-p/.in the IT. 
Statespersons or states that 
seceded from the Union;— 
a. confcd'erate, leagued in 
a common cause;— v. t. to 
unite,ally, joinin aleague. 

Confer, (kon-fer'; v. t. ori. 
to discourse i eempare ; 
grant or bestow ; counsel 
orndvise with i—ppr, con- 
fcrr'ing;— pp. confen-ed'. 

Conference, Jkon'fer^ns) m. 
a formal discourse} meet- 
ing for consultation, dis- 
cussion, or instruction. 

Confess, (kon-fcs') v. t, to 
own; to acknowledge: to 
make or hear a confession 
of faults or a crime;— ppr. 
confessing;— pp. confess- 
ed'; — ad. confess'edly. 

Confession, (kon-feah'un )n. 
articles of faith ; avow&l ; 
profession; candid admis- 
sions ;—n«. confeM'or, a 
firiest who hears confes- 
sions and grants absolution ; 
one who suffers for relig- 
ion ; cot^fen^ionaU a private 
room where a R. C. priest 
hears confessions. 

Confidant, f kon-fl-danf) n. 
one connded in or trusted 
with secrets; a bosom 
friend ;— /em. con'fldante. 

Confide, (kon-fldO v. t. to 
trust wholly or have faith 
in; to commit to one's care. 

Confidence, (kon'fi-dens) a. 
firm trust or belief; sell re- 

liance; firmness; bolduess; 
security I full reliance. 

CouUdcnt, (kon'ii-dent) a. 
assured beyond doubt ; 
bold to excess; without sus- 
picion ; trusting without 
limit ;— n. one trusted with 
secrets;— «rf. con'fidently, 
with firm trust: positively. 

Confidential, (kon-fl dcn'- 
shal)a. private ; worthy of 
trust ; spoken or written 
in confidence; — aiJ. con£- 
den'liaJly, with sccrcEy. 

Conflg-iration. (kon-flj-ur-i'- 
shuu)M. extcmKl frureor 
shape ; relative {icsition or 
aspect, as of planets ;— r. t. 
config'ure, to dispo&e into 

any form ; to shape. 

online, (kon'flnj r. 

to bound ; border ; limit ; 


shut up: imprison; re- 
strain; fasten ;— a. confin'- 
ablc, liable to be limited ;— 
t%s. con'finc, border ; edge : 
limit \—pl. extreme bound- 
aries; confine'mrnt. impris- 
onment; restraint; sick- 
ness; childbirth or lying 
in ;—ppr. confin'ing ;— np. 
or a. confined', secluded. 

Conl5rm, (kon-f^rm') v. t. to 
makcfirm or more certain: 
tn settle ; to establish ; to 
admit to full communion 
in the Episcopal Church; 
—ppr. confirming;— pp. or 
a. confirmed'; — acy«. con- 
flrmable, capable of addi- 
tional proof t confinnato'ry, 
strengthening;— us. conflr- 
ma'tion, proof, testimony i 
establishment, assurnnce; 
a rite; eonflrraer, a witness. 

Confiscate, (kon-fis'klt) v. t. 
to odludge to be forfeited to 
the state t to transferto the 
public treasury;— <!. prop- 
erty unlawfully obtained 
or ncld and forfeited to the 
public iisei— fpr. confis- 
citinT;— pp. confls'c&ted;— 
fi. confiscation, forfeiture; 
—n. confSs'catory, noting 
the tendency of laws for 
the appropriation of private 
property.— H. confitep'tor. 

Conflagration, (kon-fla-grit*- 
shun) n. a great fire, etc. 

Conflict, Ocnn-flikf) v. t. to 
strive; to contend; to fight; 
to be in opposition or dis- 
acree;— ppr. and a. eoo- 


by Google 

A lazy man i^oes far, and he who 

shuns labor, labors doubly. 
A leaky house and a scolding 
wife are two bad companions. 

All do not bite that show theil 
teeth. — Dutch. 

A library is a repository of medi- 
cine for the mind. — Greek. 




flict'ine, contradictorT, iii- 
compauble:--^p. conflicted 

Conflict, (kou'fiiict) n. a con- 
test ; struggle; agouyi a 
riolent opposition; batUe. 

Confluence, (koirflQ-ens) n. 
• flow^ing together I con- 
eoune ; place of meeting. 
aa of rircra ; a crowding to 
or in a place ; — a. confluent, 
running one into another. 

Conflux, (kon'fluks) n. a 
junction of currents; a con- 
course < a inutlitude. 

Conform, (kon-form') v. (. to 
make like; to adapt to 
something else ;—pj>r. con- 
forming;— m>. conformed'; 
a. confonn aole. similar, re- 
sembling, Agreeable to, con- 
sistent with, compliant, ob- 
sequious i—aU. conform'- 
abiy ; — a. conform 'ant ;— 
tu.conf orm'er, conform'ist, 
one who complies with 
established doctrine, ftc; 
confonn ' ity, simihtude, 
adaptation, consistency ;-> 
V. I. to comply with ; to 
yield to; to act according to. 

Conformation, (kon-fonu-a'- 
shun) n. particular mukc 
or structure; relative form; 
act of producing fitness. 

Confound, (kon-found) v. t. 
to throw into disorder ; to 
mix ; to confuse : to dis- 
concert; to astonish i to de- 
stroy i—pp. confound'cd ; 
■^ppr. confound'ing ;— ac/. 
confound'edly, enormous- 
ly, shamefully ;—n. con- 
luund'er, a disturber ; one 
who mbt:ike« or quotes 
one thing for another. 

Confraternity, (kon-fra-tei'- 
ni-ti) n. orotherhood ; a 
body of men united. 

Confrere or con frier, (kon'- 
fr&f) n. a brother^monk ; 
an associate editor, tic. 

Confront, (kon-frunt) v. t. 
to brin;; face to face, liter- 
ally or metaphorically ; to 
stand in presence of; to 
oppoM ; to compare i—ppr. 
confront'ing ;— pp. con- 
fronl'ed;— 1«. confronta'- 
tion;— n. confront'er. 

Confuse, (l«on-fuz') r. f. to 
ab.-uh ; mrplcx ; mix irreg- 
ularly ; ai80«ler;—;>7jr. con- 
ffls'lng;— 7»p. and a. cor.- 
f&sed';~a(f. confus'edly r— 

n. conf u'sion, disorder, tu- 
mult, indistinctness; de- 
struction, ruin; distraction 
of mind ; liurry of ideas. 

Confutable, rkoo-f ura-bl) a. 
that may be disproved. 

Confute, (kon-fuf) v. t. to 

Crove to be futile or false; 
i repress, check or repel ; 
to disprove \~-ppr. conlut'- 
ing;— P7>. confufed;— n. 
conf uta'tion, refutation. 

Conge, (kon'jg)n. leave of 
absence t farewell ( parting 
ceremony; — v. i. to take 
leave ; to bow, or courtesy. 

Congeal, (kon-jel') v. t. or L 
to freeze ; to thicken ; to 
turn bv frost from a fluid 
to a solid state;— ppr. con- 
gealing \—pp. congealed'; 
— a. congeal'able;— fu. con- 
geal' men t, congeli'tion, 
concretion by frost, &c. 

Congener, (kon'j5n-er) n. a 
thfn^ of the same nature 
or ori^n; — a. congeneric. 

Congenial ( kon-je'ni-al ) a. 
of the some f cehng, genius 
or nature ; kindned ; cog- 
nate ;— n. congeuiarity ;— 
ad. congo'nially, suitably. 

Conger, (kong'eer) n. a sear 
eelj to 10 feet lon^. 

Congeries, (kon-j6'ri-8z) n. a 
colleclion of small bodies 
in one mass;— v.l. congest*, 
hean up ; gather together ; 
— ae(;«. congesfcd, heaped. 

Congestion, (kon-jest'y un) n. 
formation of a mai<s ; un- 
natuml accumulation of 
blood in any part of the 
body ; fullness ;— «. con- 
gesf ive, having a tendency 
to stagnation of the blood. 

Conglobate, (kon-glob'-it) a. 
formed into nclobeor ball; 
V. t. to cor.eoUdatc;— ». con- 
glOba'tion, a round body. 

Conglomemtc, (kon-cloin'- 
er^it) r. /. to ^ther into a 
round mass ;— a. gathered 
as a ball ; composed of 
glands ; collected, twisted 
together ;— ». conglomera'- 
ture, accumulation, mix- 
ture; a rock of poblMes, &c. 

Conglutinnte. ( kon-;;ln ' tin- 
it) r. I. to glue together ; 
cement; reunite; heat 
wounds : — acfjs. ronplutin- 
ate, joined together ; con- 
glutin'ant, gluing, liealinf ; 

conglutina'tive, causisg 
union;— ft. conglutiua'tion. 
reunion, healing; junction 

Congratulate,( kon-g -at u-lot) 
V. t. to prof etis joy ; to com- 
pliment upon any happy 
event;— j>pr. congratuli'- 
tiug •,—pii. congrat'iilat<>d ; 
o. congraf ulatory, expres- 
sive of satisfaction at an- 
other's happiness:— M. con- 
?;ratula'tion, act of profess- 
ng joy or sympathy for 
the succeu or i^elicitv of 
another;— n. cong-at'uiator 

Congregate, (kon-gre-gat) r. 
t. to a«semblc: to collect 
together ; — v. i. to flixrk tu- 

ffcther ; to meet \—a. col- 
ected ; compact. 

Congregation, ( kon-gr5-gi'- 
shun) n. an a.s^embly met 
to worship God in pubUc ; 
a mass collected ;— a. eon- 
erega'tional;— n. congrejm'- 
tionalism, a form of cnurch 
government, in which all 
authority is invested in 
each congregation :— n. con- 
grega'tionahst, one who. 

Congress, (Von'gree) n. the 
Senate and House of Kep- 
resentativL-s of the United 
States ; an assembly for 
political, literary, social or 
Bcientiflc purposes. 

Congressional, C kon-cresh'- 
un-al) a. pertaining to con- 
gress or its nets. 

Congruous, (kon'grOO-us) a. 
fit; suitable ; meet; accord- 
ant ;— ad. con'gruousl V ;— 
n«.con'gmence, congru ity, 
fitness, consistency ; rela- 
tion or agreement between 
things;— a. con'prucnt, cor- 
respondent ; suitable. 

Conic, (kon-ik) a. like a 
cone ; having the form of 
or pertaininc to a cone ;— 
ad. con 'leal ly;—rt. conif- 
erous, bearing cones or 
f niit, OS the nine tree. 

Conies, (kon'iks) n. pi. the 
science of conic sections ; 
mathematicnl investiga- 
tions rcjfarding the para- 
bola, ellipse nndhyperbola. 

Conjecture, (kon-jekt'iir) n. 
an opinion without proof ; 
supposition ; pncs^ ; — v. t. 
to guess ; to judjrc by a 
guess or trifling evidence ; 
—ppr. conject'aring;-j)p. 


by Google 

A He is bnt tbe truth in masquer- 

ode— Byron. 
A Vie never arrives at old age. 


A lie, thougli it be kiHed ^d 
dead, can sting sometimes- 
like a dead wasp. — M&Si 




coniccriircd :— o. conjcc'- 
turaU laid or douc by guewi 
~-€ul. con jec'turally. 

Conjoin, (Icon-join') v. t. crt, 
to unite i cousoliuute into 
one; league ; join toother i 
—ppr. conjoin'ing ;— pp. 
conjoined';— a. con'joint, 
mutual, jointly \—<ul. co&> 
jointly, loffcthcr. 

Conjugal, (Kon joo-gal) a. 
relating to marriage i mat- 
rimoniiJ : Buitable to the 
nutrriace itato { — a. con'- 
jugally ;— ti. conjugality. 

Coujugato, (kon'joo-gftt) v. t. 
to unitci in artun. inlicct or 
decline Ycrbi;— n. conju- 
ga'ticu, union, inflection. 

Conjunction, (kon-jungk'- 
• l^un) N. association I 
unioDt copulfi'.ion of 
vords. ftc. I a. conjunc tive, 
united, connecting t— ad$. 
conjunctively, coajuncf- 
ly, m union ; not apart 

Conjuncture, (kou-junglc'- 
tur) n. combiuation of ci> 
cumrtances ; ijnpo:-tai:t oc- 
c&Bion I union ; joining to* 
gether t a crisii. 

Co n j u r a t i o n. (lcun-jar.i'- 
•hun) n. encluintment i in> 
Tokiiis supernatural aid, 
by spcus, incantations, ftc.; 
— r. t. cOn'jure, (kunMOr) to 
practice cnarma t enchant i 
— ji. cdn'itirfir, a magician. 

Conjure, (kon-jur") r. t. to 
call on or lummon by a 
■acred name or in a solemn 
manner { to Implore earn- 
estly ;— n. conjAre'ment. 

Connate, (kon'ndt) a. bom 

vrith another I innate i in 
JDot. and Zoo/, grown to- 
gether; Joined at the base 

as in certain leaves ;• _. 
conna'tural, connected by 
nature ;— n. connas'cence, 
community of birth i pro- 
duction or growth together 
Connect, (kon-nckf ) r. t. to 
knit, fasten, or link togeth- 
er { to unite 1-^4. connecf- 
edly. consecutively, con- 
jointly ;— ns. connee'tinn, 
conncx ' ion, continuity, 
union, junction, inter- 
course, kindred, business 
or other relationship, as by 
blood or marris?e 't'-acHs, 
eonnected, unitcfl, consist* 
•nt, logical i connecf ing. 


ioining. Unking: couucc'- 
tive, uccbigas a link i—ad. 
connc'Ct'ively, in union. 

Connive, ( kou-niv'^ v. t. to 
wink at { to fail ny inten- 
tion to see a fault; to permit; 
-nj. conniv'ance,voIuntary 
blindness; participation by 
silence in wickedness or 
crime ; conniv'er, one who 
helps cr docs not cenauro 
onothor'a misdeeds. 

Connoisseur, (kcn-is-rarO n- 
competent ci itic or judge. 

Connote, (kon-n6t') v. i. to 
imply along with on object 
something Inherent there- 
in I to Include ;— n. conno- 
ta'tion, inference ; token. 

Connubmt, (kon-nfl-bi-al; a. 
nuptial i matrimonial. 

Conoid, ( ko'u-oid) a. fignn 
approaching the ~ 
form of a cone. 

Conquer, ( kon'- 
kcr)v. f. to over- 
come; to accom-' 

pliali by earnest effort t to 
subdue i—a'J}*. conquer'- 
able, possible to be aur> 
mounted or ranquished; 
conquering, Tictorious;— 
ns. con'quest. subjection, 
victory, physical or moral; 
acquisition by force ; con'- 
queror, successful general. 

Consumeuineotts, (kon-san- 
gwin'e-us) a. of the same 
blood, family or descent; 
related by birth cr blood. 

Consanguinity, ( kon - san- 
ffwin'i-ti) IS. relationship 
By blood or descent from a 
common anccstoi*. 

Conscience, (kon'shens) n. 
the faculty witliin us thnt 
decides on the right or 
wrong of our actions or 
desires ; moral aenso ; scru- 
ple; veracity; principle; 
self-knowledge; candor. 

Conscientious, (kon-«h\-en'- 
•hu8)a. governed by con- 
science ; scrupulous ; ex- 
actly just ; faithful i-~a:l. 
conscien'tiously ;— n. con- 
icien ' tiousness, tender- 
ness ; exactness of justice ; 
—a, cnn'scionable, reason- 
able, just, moderate ;— <Mf. 
con'scionably, justly. 

Conscious, (kon^shui.) a. in- 
wardly persuaded ; knowl- 
edge of one's own thoughts 

fcc; aware ; susceptible i— 
etc/, con'sciously ;— n. coii'- 
sciousness, internal sense 
of guiit or innocence. 

Coaecription, \ kon - skrip'- 
Bhun)n. n compuiw)-/ levy 
cf soldiers ; — a. or «. con- 
script, registered, t; d. 

Consecrate, (kon '£c-krftt> v. t. 
to dedicate solemnly ; to de- 
vote one's fneultiea or pos- 
sessions to a noble end i to 
set apart to the service of 
God ;— a. eonsecra'tion ;— a. 
con'secmtod, mode sacred; 
hallowed;— ». con'secrator. 

Concecntive, (kon-«ek'u-tiv) 
a. following in trcin ; reg- 
ular ; uninterrupted ; suc- 
cessive ;— ccf. cnnsec'utivc- 
Ivt— ;t. consocu'tion, a se- 
ries ; in astron., lunation. 

Consent, (kon-senf) n. act 
of yielding, or subscribing 
to a proposition or course 
of action ;~i'. i. to be of 
the same mind ; admit; al- 
low; s2ree(with(o);ae{f5. 
consenta'neous. accordant, 
agreeable to, or consistent 
with anything; cons^ii'- 
tientj united in opinion or 
sentiment; roasenrtni;. ap- 
provin«j ;— as. consentan'- 
eousness, consentaneity, 
agreement y-ad. consen- 
tane'ously, consistently, 
suitably ; ogreeably. 

Consequence, (kon-«e- 
kwens) a. that which fol- 
lows from any cause or 
principle ; event ; effect of 
a cause ; deduction ; con- 
clusion ; concatenation of 
causes ai^d effects ; influ- 
ence ; importance ; mo- 
ment;— a. con 'sequent, 
following ;— a. effect;— ad. 
con'sequently, therefore. 

Consequential, (kon-se- 
kwcn'snal>a. following as 
a Consequence or resuTt ; 
conceited ; pompous i—ad. 
eonsequen'Ually, showflj. 

Conservation, (aon-eer-vf- 
8hnn>n. preservation, pro- 
tection, continuance ;— a. 
eonserv'knt, preserving ^- 
n. conscrv'ator, preserver. 

o. tending to or desiring to 
preserve ;— n. one who op- 
poses innovatlona, and de- 
sires to keep intact laws, in- 



by Google 

is relshed by tke w&est (5eSt 
to an the animal powers oC | of) men. [Fkench. 

A fife of society is nofarorable | 

snao.— Sydney Smith. | A little man felb a great oak.-— 

A little nonsense now and then, | A i^ood heart cannot lit.— G. H. 




slftutioiis, wciat Mftgrt nmA 
cu»toiu» cM»««erHt«d by 
liinc;— n. couserVatum^ 
8jr»tcnkof priiicipits, Ac. 

Coftienratorj, (kon-iterv'-«- 
UiM> i>. a greieiU>«iwe for 
ezoUe planta, Ac. ; • wmf 
or room ezpotied tr> the KU:» 
aiKl prutvcted kgr donbltf 
vimlows for the \rmte.-- 
pveftervotiiMk of pUnta , fte. t 
• fi«h pon .1, ate. ^m,hb$pta^ 

Conserve; (kon-«orv') r. (. to 
keep entire ; tb rftaio : tj» 
preserve in KU^r^ta pkkle 
or candy fruit »— /i. cou- 
aenrei'-ok con«ei-vetir. 

Coniifcler,(ko:wid'er>r.f. or 
t. t»thinkupon witli ea.-e; 
Mtw^ kk the mind; delib- 
ctaCe; reflect ; nut iu'Jgc 
hwtily sr rwbl J « hentate ; 
exananet atftt weig^; to 
respect; regard ; requite; 
—A eenafal'erate. tlioupht- 
f ul; senous; prusent^KMd- 
enlta ;— a'/. eoiiKftferatcly; 
—ppr, or V. considering ; 
x«ireeting;ort/toe OMUuier; 
pp. or ca. conaU'ered ; Qu 
vreB or iit<onsidered). 

Gonsidlnmbl^ ( kon-sid'er-«> 
bl>a. wvrthy at reg»nl er 
notice r inaportant; more 
tllfln a little )— It. consid- 
crablencsa^aff. eonsid'er* 

shuii>n. serious thouglit r 
prudence r value j recom- 
pense ; ntotive or reason ; 
cause or b-tsi»Af a compact. 

CiDnMxn. (kon-ftin') t*. i. to 
send toor intrust r to ^ve 
or set fPfOTt to deliver 
feruMiUy or under seal; to 
transfer;— f>/»n era. con- 
s^H'injf;— pp. or a. con- 
s^cd» MS goodk i—ns. con- 
sign'e.% one vrho places 
goods on sale, *c.: eon- 
sign eff*, one who receives 
goods for dbposaf r coii' 

s^'mcnt.a writing er in- 
voice cowfgnfoi; property. 
Cbnost, (kot»«isr>r. i; to §» 
mide up or conaposed of ; 
to be fixed : to ajrrec ; to 
eocxftt ; — f».«. eonHiiit'enop, 
deeree of dei>ffll?^ ; state t>t 
befnff fixed or firm ; ron- 
riHTencv, substance: vmke : 
•freement : roitgniity t uni- 
formity ; — a^ consiefent; 

firm; not fluid; xot contra* 
dictofy ; conip-uouH ; «ni> 
iortii;— (irf. consistent ly »-> 
p. a. cunskruig, made up 

Conxidtory^ (Kun-«isror4> %. 
•cdesiatitkul court, flouMCil 

GuuMMiiale, Ow>n-«»«hi^>«. 
accoinplice; partner i—v. t. 
ta unite, join, ceBicnt. 

CmmoIc. 4k4ui-s«r) *. t. to 
com Jei-t » clieer ^relieve 
fronschc seiiseef misery t 
acift, consola'tory. consoK- 
ing; tending; to revive tiie 
dnwiKast Rtfndor contpen* 
sate lor disappointnnnt r— 
tt. eontolation, solace^ aUc- 
vStlion of niacnr. 

Console, (kua'sil) »: orm^ 
mental - 

bracket - '' 


Elaeiiv [f 
UBta, A-r. 
on (»r.) 

(knn-(orK(Tftl> V. r. erf. to 
iKike solid er firm: to unite 
Soto a eoiophat masst tu 
pow- &ard w solid;— c. 
fixed, settled;— n. coueol* 
£ds'tion„ union of two or 
■lore bodies or fatere«ts ; 
act af solidifying or con- 
flrmmg a thing s MeiKliqg. 

Coosols, (kon'soUV wl pf. 9 

Eircent. Annuities in the 
nglish Stnck,.correspond- 
fai^toour4pereent Ilonda 
but not redeemable. 

Cbnsflnance, (kon'sfrn>ns)m. 
accord of sound; concord; 
consistency raccordance. 

CbnsonAnt, <lon'B6^iinnt> «. 
agreeable; consitttent; kav- 
fn^Ifke sounds;— n. a let- 
ter which cannot becound- 
ed porfcetrjr by ilself s— <id. 
ootVsoinntly-. suitably. 

Cnnsort. 4kon'sort> n. hoi- 
baml er wife ; a compan- 
fon; pnrtnerf an aecom- 
pnnyin^ship; union peon- 
enrrence; — v. % 
ossocfite; «nfte or keep 
eoiwpanvwrth:— w. f. toas- 
seci «tc. Jtrfn. mix, marry. 

a.cTesrly s«*en r visible to 
the eye or mind ; eminent, 
famous; — aef. eonspic'ii- 
ously ;— Ml. conspic'uous- 

ness, proiiUDcnce, celeb> 
rity; coaspicuity, briKht- 
»e»s. buldoess to the view. 

Conspire, (kon-splr) r. i. to 
coucc ita crime: plot: hntch 
secrettrea*m;— t*. 1. to con- 
trive; b) concur toenc end; 
to miitc foran^ puvpofce, 
aft& future resuu — <u. cou- 
sirii-'acy, plot; concerted 
treason; tendency »f miny 
cansea to ene event ; con- 
apfrlitor. a plotter;— /^r^r. 
con«pir'inK--y)/<. conspired' 

Constable. Cku&1i(b4)1) n. an 
olScerof the iiraee; a rural 
oAciat ar Bolieeman ;— «. 
er m. cottstavulary, yoUuc. 

C!i>nstant.(|con'btant^ a. firm; 
faitfLTul in affrcticn ; un- 
varttd; durable ; fixed : 
resobte; steadf ;—«(/. con'- 
•tantly, perpetuaMy, cer- 
biinl^.% paticttHy, iiinly ;— 
• con'staticy, fasting afTec- 
tioit $ veracity ; mshaken 
dsttirmrinnMoB ; perpetoity. 

■ mstellation, <ken -KteUa'- 
riiun) a. an ssscinbliige of 
beauties ar ezccReucies : a- 
cfuster ef fixed stnrs. 

Consternntion, (k«>»-Ater-ni'- 
ehun> a. a tenor that over- 
powers tlic fncultics ; as- 
tonishment ; horror. 

Constipate, {k>>"'f ti-P^t) v. t. 
tu>eondense; to sti>p up; to 
■nke costive ^-n. connti- 
pa'tibn, imperfect action 
af tlie bowels, Jtc. 

Constititency, (kon-stif ft-en- 
si>s. political supporters ; 
body af vcters ar electors 
to whon> » representative 
i» responsible. 

Constituent, Oton-stif Q-ent) 
«t essential rrcal ; conipoi- 
fng r elemental ;— «. a per- 
son ar thing which settles 
anything in its peculiar 
■tale; on essential or ele- 
■Dental port; be who ap- 
points or elects r a voter. 

Constitute, Ckon'sti-tQt) o. t. 
toappoint; depute; to form 
•r compose ; losct up ; es- 
tablish ; produce rmeke. 

Constitution, ( kon -sti - tu'- 
•Itnn) n. state cf being ; 
partretsTar tcxhirc of parte: 
B&^.n'al fuaritie-i j corpo- 
real frame; te«nneriof body 
or iniml ; syKtem of Isws 
and cnstoms ; a written in> 


by Google 

A little house well filled, a little 
land well tilled, and a little 
wife well willed, will make a 
happy man. — Scotch. 

A little leaven leavens the whole 
lump.— i Corinthians 5, 6. 

A little loss frightens, a great 
one tames. 



Btrament or compact form- 
ally Ritiiieil b^r the people, 
and conRtitutuig tiie f uu- 
daraental principles of a 
etate; a law or utagc ; insti* 
tution ;~a. constitu'tionol, 
consistent with tlio civil 
constitution; le^; bred iu 
the natural frame or oi^au- 
ism; radical; — arf.consntu'- 
tlonally;— »M. constitution- 
al'itj, confomiitv to funda- 
mental written lav ; legal- 
ity ; congtittttioual, a biiEk 
walk taken for the take of 
the bodilyhealth; constitu'- 
tionist. one zealous for the 
establlbhcd law of (he land ; 
—a. constilti'tive, element- 
al, essential, productive. 

Constrain, (kon-strin') v. t. 
to compel ; force to some 
action ; hinder ; restrain ; 
violate; confine; tic ; bind; 
withhold;— a. constrain'- 
ablc, able to be forced ;— 
ad. constrain'edly, by com- 

- pulsion ; — n. constraint', 
compulsion, violence; an 
overruling of desire: a'Jjs. 
constrain ' ing, conhtrain'- 
tivc, forcing, able to mas- 
ter the desires t ur^int. 

Constrict, (kon-striktO r. t. 
to bind ; crainp ; contract ; 
cause to shrink ;—n8. con- 
■tric'turc.a drawing togeth- 
er; contraction by inherent 
force; constric'tor, th&t 
which contracts.— Boa con- 
$tric'tor, a serpent which 
crushes its prey in its folds 

Conttringe, Ocbn-sfrinj) r. t. 
tocompress; bind; force to 
contract Itself : — a. con- 
itring'ent, binding. 

Construct, (kon-strukf ) v. t. 
to build ; make ; compile ; 
form bj the mind;- n. con- 
strue' tion, act or form of 
building ; structure ; fab- 
rication ; conformation ; act 
of interpreting ; crcplana- 
tion ; sense ; meaning ; an- 
alysis of words or sen- 
ten ces ; — a. con struc't i ve, 
not direct, but inferred or 
deduced ; — a. construe' - 
tional, respecting sense, 
meaning, &c. ;— a'?, con- 
strue 'lively, by fair im- 
plication or deduction. 

Construe, (kon'stNSu) r. t. to 
range words in their nat- 

ural order; disentangle ob- 
scurities ; show the mean- 
ing, interpi-et, translate. 

Constupration. (kun'stQ-prii- 
shun) H. defilement ; rape. 

Consubiitantial, (kon-sub- 
stan ' shal ) a. having tiie 
•ime substance, nature or 
essence as the body of 
Christ in the sacramental 
wine; n. consubstantiation 

Consul, (kon'fiul) n. one of 
the two chief magistrates 
of ancient Rome; an ofllcer 
who resides in a foreign 
port to superintend tne 
commerce, &c., of his own 
country ; — a. con'sulwr ; — 
n. con'sulato, conAulship. 

Consult, (kon-sultO t*. i. or t. 
to ask advice of ; to apply 
to for instrtictioit : to de- 
cide or act in favor of ; to 
consider together ; to take 
oouubel ; — tis. consult&'- 
tion, cuunciL, deliberation; 
Cimsult'er, one who asks 
ad\ice ; — a. consulf ing, 
advising, as a physician. 

Consume, (kon-sum') r. t. or 
«. to spend : to destroy by 
wasting, fire, &c. ; to de- 
vour; to exhaust ; to be ex- 
hausted, worn out, spent; 

— a. consum'able, inflam- 
mable ; exhaustible ; — n. 
consum'cr, one who uses. 

Consummate, (kon-sum'dt) 
V. t. to complete ; perfect ; 
end ; finish ; — a. accom- 
plished; finished ; perfect ; 

— tid. consumm'ately ;— n. 
consumma ' tion, comple- 
tion, perfection, success ; 
close; death: end of life 
and ttil present things. 

Consuraption, ( kon - sum' - 
shun) n. a wasting ; a fatal 
disease of the lungs : de- 
struction ; — rt. consump'- 
tivc, affected with lung 
complaint : exhausting. 

Contact, (kon'takt) a. func- 
tion, touch, close union. 

Contagion, (kon-ti'jun) n. 
transmission of a disease 
by contact: pestilence; ven- 
om o u s emanations ; — a. 
contag'ious, infectious; 
poisonous ; disseminating 
evil, or any influence, as 
liughter from one to an- 
other ; — ad. contag'iously ; 
—n. contag'iousuess. 

Contain, (kon-tan'; v. t. to 
hold ; comprise ; include ; 
restrain ; withhold ; keep 
within bounds, as any pas- 
sion;— o. contain'ablc. 

V. t. pollute J infect ; tam- 
iah; acQle; corrupt by base 
mixtut-e;— a. pollutea,tain- 
tcd ;— n. contamina'tion. 

Contemn, (kon-tem') v. t. to 
despise; scorn ; alight ; dia- 
rcgard ; ncelect ; defy. 

Contcmper, (kon-tem'p«r) t». 
#. to reduce by mixture. 

Contem pinto, (kon-tem'-plit) 
V. t. or t. to meditate ; con- 
sider attentively ; study ; 
ponder ; muse on ; tliink 
studiously ; design or in- 
tend ; —a. con tern p'lative, 
studious, thoughtful ; — n. 
contcmpla'tlon, continued 
study ot a particular sub- 
ject ; absorbing thought ; — 
ad. contem'pktively. 

Contem poi-ury, (kon-tem-pA- 
ra'ri) a. existing at the 
same time, or of the same 
age with something else-.— 
n. one who lives at the 
anme time with another ;— 
V. t. contem 'porize, to 
place in the same ego;— 
adis. cotcm'porary, con- 
temporan'cous, coeval. 

Contempt, {kou-temt') u. act 
of despising ; scorn ; dis- 
dain ; contumely ; hatred 
of what U ihcan ; in law, 
disobedience of the rules 
of a court ; — a. contempt'i- 
blc, mean, base, worthless; 
T-ad. contcmpt'ibly ; — n. 
con tern pt'iblen crs. 

Contemptuous, (kon-tempf- 
u-us) a. disdainful ; inho- 
lent; pcornful : haughty;— 
ad. contompf uously ; — n. 
con tern pt'uousn ess. 

Contend, (kon-tend') v. i. to 
strive ; to strugjjle in op- 
position or emulation ;— a. 
contend'iiig, op;>0!»ing ;— 
n. contend'er, champion. 

Content, (kon-tenf) a. satis- 
fied ; having the desires 
limited bv present enjoy- 
ment I quiet : w illing ;— n. 
satisfaction ; acjiv.iescence; 
moderate happiness ;— 1». t. 
to satisfy, so bh to utop 
complaint: please; gratify; 
—a. con ten fed, not repin- 


by Google 

A tittle praise is good for a shy 
temper; it teaches it to rely on 
the kindness of others. — LAN. 

A good memory is the best diaxy. 

Language was given to us that 
we might say pleasant things 
to each other. — Bovee, — 
(Summaries of Thought). 




in|(, satisfied ; content'f ul, 
quite easy; perfectlj pleas- 

Sd t contenflcss, dissatis- 
ied;— lu. contenfedness, 
content'ment, gratification, 
reiiignation, ease;rMt. 

Contention, (kon - ten'shun) 
N. strife : debate.; quarrel ; 
mutual opposition ; emula- 
tion ; eagerness ; zeal ;— ei. 
conten'tious, given to ds- 
bale J perverse, not peace- 
able ;— arf. conten'tiously \ 
— «. conten'tiousness. 

Contents, Ocon'tents) n. pi. 
the capacity, measurement 
or extent of anything ; the 
things contained ; subjects 
treated of in a book. 

Cbnterminable, (kon-ter'- 
min-a-bl) <r. capable of the 
tame bounds;— a. conter'- 
minous, lying adjacent. 

Contest, fkon'test) m. a dis- 
pute ; debate ; struggle for 
superiority ;— 1». I. contenf , 
to call in question ; liti- 
gate rcontrovert ;—«. con- 
testing, adverse side \—n. 
contestft'tion, debate ; 

strife I ioint testimony, 
i^ontext, (kon'tekbt) n. narts 
of a composition which ad- 

join the portion cited . 
context*, firmly knit ; con- 
texfural, interwoven ;— n. 
context' ure, manner of 
formation ; constitution. 

Contiguous, (kon-tii;'u-uE) a. 
near, touching, adjacent i 
— ad. contig'uouBly ;~»M. 
contig'uousness ; conti^u'- 
ity, actual contact} asso- 
ciation of ideas {nearness. 

Continence, (kon'ti-ncns) ». 
chastity ; virtue ; modera- 
tion ; continuity. 

Continent, (kon'ti-nent) a. 
denying sensual pleasure ; 
restrained j connected ; — 
n. land not senarated by 
the sea from other lands ; 
ad. con'tinently, chastely ; 
—a. continen'tal, respect- 
ing particularly the main- 
land of Europe textensive.. 

Contingent, flton-tinient) a. 
accidental ; depenacnt on 
something elKP ; lt:ible but 
not certain to happen :— n. 
chance ; a share or propor- 
tion, esp. of soldiers ;— arf. 
contingenriv ;— tj. contin'- 
gcncy, accidental poMibil- 

ity; fortuitous event; a 
reaching or toucliing. 

Continual, ( kun-tin ' ual) a. 
uninterrupted; unceasing: 
unbroken succession of 
events x—ad. continu'allv ; 
— ns. coDtin'uance, contln- 
ua'tion, uninterrupted suc- 
cession ; permanence in 
one state; abode; duration; 
progression of time ; per- 
severance, protraction. 

Continue, (kon-tin'u)i'. i. to 
remain ; to stay ; to be stead- 
fast ;— V. t. to last ; to pro- 
tract ; to carry on without 
break; to draw out; — a. 
contin'ued, extended. &c. 

Continuity,(kon-ti-nu-i-ti) n. 
uninterrupted connection. 

Continuous, (kon-tin'u-us) a. 
continuing ; joined togeth- 
er t uninterrupted. 

Contort, ( kon-torf ) v. {. to 
twist; to writhe ;— n. con- 
tor'tion, twist, wry motio'n ; 
flexure ; — a. contorf ed , 
folded or twisted back up- 
on itself, as some parts of 
plants ; misshapen. 

Contour, (kon-toor') n. the 
outline of a figure. 

Contra, (kon'tra) a Latin 
prep, signifying againsL 

Contraband, (kon'tra-band) 
a. prohibited ; illegal ;— n. 
goods prohibited by law. 

Contract, (kon'trakt) n. an 
agreement ; a bargain ; a 
bond ; a betrothal ;— v. t. 
or t. contracf, to draw to- 
gether ; shorten ; lessen ; 
acqui:^; incur; shrink; 
bargain ; — a. contmct'ed. 
slirunkcn, shortened; nar- 
row ; mean ; sel {ish ; — n. 
contrac'tion, a sh'.inkiue, 
shrivelling, wrinkling ; ab- 
b'-eviation ; — a. contract - 
ible ;— :». contrectibil'ity. 

Contractile, (kon-trakfif) a. 
having power to contract ; 
—n. contractil'ity. 

Contractor, (kon-trakt'or) n. 
party to a contract ; a mas- 
ter mechanic or employer 
who t'ikes work at a i^tip- 
nlated price, as a building, 
steamship, or railroad. 

Contra dance, (kon'tra-dans) 
n. a danccf with partners 
in opposite lines. 

Contradict, (kon-tra-dikf) c. 
t. to opppae rerbally ; to as- 

sert the contrary ; deny ;— 
a. contradic'tious, tucon- 
■istent ; given to cavil :— 
ns. contradiction, opposi- 
tion, controversial asser- 
tion, incongruity in words 
or thoughts ; contrndict'er, 
one who flatly denies. 

Contradictory, (koii-tra-dik'- 
tor-i) a. iuconsietent ; dis- 
agreeing ; contrary;— n. ad- 
verse proposition ; — ad. 
coutradict'orily, inconsist- 
ently, oppositclv. 

Contradistmct, (knn-tra-dis- 
tinkt)a. distinguished by 
opposite qu.ilities; — n. cou- 
tradistinc'tion i—v. t. con- 
tradisting'uish, to draw a 
line of difference. 

Contralto, (kon-trarto)fi. the 
alto or counter-tenor. 

Contraptions, (kon-trap- 
shuns) n. (Am.) new and 
peculiar things ; a con- 
temptuous expression to 
denote anything belonging 
to anotlier which you wanl 
to get rid of, as clothes, 
trunks, tools, &c. 

Contrariety, (kon-tra-rI'e-t!> 
n. opposition ; inconsist- 
ency i—a. con'trarious. 

Con trari wi6e,(kon'tra-ri-w! z) 
ad. conversely; oppositely; 
on the other hand. 

Contrary, (kon'tra-ri) a. in 
direct opposition ;—n. a 
thing that is contrary or of 
opposite qualities;— n. con'- 
trarine&s x—ad. con'trarily ; 
11. pi. con'trarics, things op- 
posite ; propositions which 
destrov ench other. 

Contrast, (kon'trast) n. dis- 
similarity in tilings ; opiK>- 
aition of color, form, &c. to 
{ncreasc effect :dif ercnce. 

Contrast, (kon-trasf) r. t. or 
i. to place or stand in opfw- 
sition, to give greater vis- 
ibility or elfcctt to compare. 

Contra vaIlatiun,(kon-tra-val- 
la'shun) n. a parapet raised 
by besiegers, in war. 

Contravene, (kon-tni-v5n') v. 
t. to oppose; olistruct ; hin- 
der; bafile;— n.c iitraven'- 
tion, oppo^ itio i , as to 'jiws. 

Contraversion, (kon-tra-ver'- 
shun) n. a turning to the 
opposite siJe. 

Contretcinnc. (kon-tre-tongO 
n. something happening 


by Google 

Avoid small faults; or by little 
and little you will fall into 
greater ones. 

A little smattering in philosophy 

will lead a mam to Atheism; 
but a thorough insight into it 
will lead a man back again to 
a first pause. -*Bacon. 



inopportunely or at the 
wrong time : a blunder. 

Contribute, ( kon-trib'ut) t». 
t to give for a common 
purpose ; to pav a fthore; — 
r. i. to icive or Dear a part i 
— <i. coutrib'utive, mutiuti 
support to some common 
deiign;— M. cuntribu'tion, 
a cftopcnvtive charity, kc; 
tuni ;nvcn ; church collec- 
tion ; — Ji. coutrib'utor, a 
helper in coiniuon i^^ver. 

Contrite, (kon'trit) a. brukcu 
hearted tor sin j truly pen- 
itent —Of/, con 'tritely ;—h. 
eontri'tion, remorse. 

Contive, (kon-trlv'^ v. t. to 
bit upon; tofinuouti to 
^lan out; to invent;— la. 
contrir'er ; contrir'ance , 
invention, nchenio, a^tiace, 
plan, dinposition of imrt« 
or cause : — i. contriv'able, 
possible to he planned or 
Invented ;--»«ora contri'- 
vinjf. machination, device. 

Control, (kon-tr6l') n. re- 
straint ; authority ; com- 
mand ;Muperintendence: — eovem t to check;— 
a. coiitroU'ing, directing, 
controU'able, subject to 
control;— /I. controuer, one 
who disposes or directs; an 
otiicer who keepd the ac- 
counts and pays out the 
rcveniies of a city or state 
according to Uw : — n. con- 
troll'ership, fnnction of. 

Con rover!*y,(kon'tr6-ver-8iy 
n.auarrchUwtfuit; dispute; 
deSote; a;?itution of con- 
trary opinion8,generaIly in 
S)rint ;— r. f.con'trovert, to 
lisputc, to refute, to ven- 
tilate in writing ; —ns. con- 
trovcr'sitlist, con trove rt'e:-, 
conti-overt'ift, disputants ; 
— a. cont^verf ible.disput- 
abie. deniable: — a^I. contro- 
vcrt'ibly; a. controversial, 
dixputations i: Tt in debate. 

Contumacious, (kon-tO-ma- 
shus) a op)M>sing lawful 
autliority with contempt 
and stubbornness;— w/. 
contumi'ciously ; — ns. con- 
ttiraa'ciousness .contumacy 
inflexibility, perversencss. 

Contumelious, (kon.tume'- 
li-u<))a. haughty ; renroach- 
f nl ; abusive ; —aa. con- 
tumeliously;— n. ron'tu- 

Vnt^r, rudeness ; bitter and 
Contemptuous language. 

Contuse, (kon-tQz') v. t. to 
beat exceedingly or bruise 
to pieces; to crush; — a. con- 
tusion, a bruise in the flesh. 

n. riddle t low jest i puzzle- 

C(mvaleflce,(kon-vo-le>'') v.t. 
to grow strong and well:— 
a. convales'cent, emdually 
recovering from Illness ;— 
nt. one restored to health ; 
convales'cence, gmdual re- 
covery of health and vigor. 

Convene, (kon-ven) v. t. to 
call Utf^ethfff; emcmble; 
convoke ; — v. i. to nssoci- 
ate; unite, come together; 
—Pljr, a. or n, convening, 
formation of a convention; 
act of calling or coming. 

Convenient, (kon-ven'yent) 
O. fit ; suitable ; proper; 
handy:-<i</. conveniently, 
with entire ease — n. con- 
ven'iencc, fitncM. propri- 
ety, ease, eonnnodioi'snesa, 
accommodation ; a tool. 

Convent, (kon-vcnf ) n. a 
pionaatcry or nunnery : an 
association of religious re- 
cluses ; — a. convent'ual, 
monastic : n. monkor'nnn. 

Conventicle, (kon-vent-i-kl) 

n. meeting i religiouH as- 
ibly; nocturnal gather- 
ing of conspirators. 

Convention, f kon-ven'-shnn J 
n. an aKsemblv ; formal 
meeting for a acUberative 
purpose; agreement. 

Conventional, (kon-ven'- 
shun-al) a. a^n^cd to ; stip- 
ulated; growingoutcf tacit 
agreement or cnstom ; fol- 
lowing certain establbhed 
precedents ; not orijrinal ; 
according to accepted tro^ 
dihons, in society, art, lit- 
erature, Ac. : — aft. conven 
tionally ; — rut. convention- 
nl ' ity, conven ' tionnlism. 
that which is csitablishcd 
by tacit agreement or pre- 
cedents, as a mode of 
speech, customs, ftc. 

Converge, (kon-verj') v. i. 
to incline to one point ; to 
come together ;--n. con- 
veq^cncer-a. converg'cnt. 

Conversant. ( kon'vers-ant) 
(I. familiar; acquainted by 
Ktndy ( proficient 

Conversation, (kon-ver-»>a'- 
shun) n. eary talk ; famil- 
iar discourse ; interchange 
of ideas ; intercourse ; — a. 
Converxa'tionBl ; — a. Cim- 
tersa'tipnaliht, one who cz- 
cels in oonveisation. 

Coitversazionc, (kon-ver-snt- 
ie-<>'nft) M. meeting for con- 
versation, notaliiy on hter- 
ary subjects ; />i.-'ui. 

Converfcc. (kon^•e^8) w. con- 
versation ; fuiuilinr iiiter- 
cntirsc : — r. t convei^e', to 
hold iutcrcourfe witli or 
be a comnnnion to any 
one ; to talk familiarly ;— 
ppr. convers'ing;— /»/>.'ron- 
Tcrsed';— a. a proposition 
in which the subject and 
predicate have changed 
places ;— «. reversed in or- 
der or relation : recip'-ocal: 
--ftd. con'ver»ely, contrary. 

Conversiim. (kon-ver'bhun) 
N. change of heart, religion, 
opinicn. or conduct ; ap- 
propriation to a special 
ft n r p o s e ; interchanging, 
he terms of a proposition. 

Conve-t. (kon^'ert) n. one 
who has changed his re- 
ligion, oidnions, or life :— 
f. t. convert', to chnnire ; 
trauKinute ; apply to a par- 
ticular purpose; turn from 
a bad to a giKxI life ;— v. i. 
to undergo a change. 

Convertible, (kon- ver'tl-bl) 
a. susceptible of change ; 
somuch alike thatone may 
be used for the other;— «t/. 
convert'ibly, reciprf>CHlly, 
with interchange of; 
— n. convertibirity. 

Convex. ( kon'veki»)_a^ the 
reverse of 
concave ; 
on the ex- 
terior ; — «. a convex body; 
—ad. convex'ly ;— a. con- 
vex'ity, protuberance in a 
circular form. 

Convey, (kon-v4') v. t. to 
carry ; bear : transmit ; 
transfer i remove secretly ; 
impart;— a. convey 'able, at 
to carry in a certain way. 

Conveyance, (kon-v&'ans) n. 
that which conveys, ns a 
carriage, a steamer, a rail- 
road ; or the deed which 
transfers property ; act of 


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All men are equal; it is not birth, 
^ but virtue alone that makes 

the difference. (Fr.)-— Volt. 
A good man r^[irds t^e root; he 

ixes the root, and all th^ 
flows out of it. The root is 
filial piety; the (ruit, brotherly 
love. (Chinese.)*— Confucius. 



removing anything; tmi»* 
miuion ; seeiet tubttita* 
tion; artifice i— 1*4. eonvej'- 
nucer, a real estate dealer, 
luwvur to draw deeds. &c. 

Convict, (kon'vikt) n. one 
convicted of crime i a fel- 
on;— 1>. t. convict', tnproTe 
guilty ; to convince { to 
inako conaciouK of »in. 

Convictiun, (kou-vik'»ku9) 
N. a proving guilty i a 
strong belief; teuiieoi guilt 

Convince, (kon-vint') v. t. to 
satisfy ; to force tUa af - 
knouiedsineut of a con- 
tested position ; to per- 
suade by reasoning, *tc. 5— 
p. a. convincing, working 
conviction ;— ad. couvinc^ 
iogly, so as to ptudnce con- 
viction ; — a. convine'ible, 
not set in one's opinions. 

Convivial, (kon-viv'i-al) a- 
festive ; M>cial t relating to 
a feast \—od. conviviofly ; 
— «. couvivlal'ity, joviallnr. 

Convoke, (kon-vOk') i>. (. to 
coll together ; to summon 
to an assembly}— n. convo- 
ca'tioa, a meeting; eccle- 
siastical assembly ; synod. 

Convoluted, (kon'vo-lut-ed) 
a. iDllcd upon itself; twist- 
ed;— n. eonvoln'tion;— r. t. 
convolve', to roll togetlier. 

Convolvulus, ( kon - vol ' vil- 
lus) N. a f^nus of twining 
plants ; bindweed. 

Convoy, <kon-voy') r. t. to 
accompany on the way for 
protection ;— «. con'voy. 

Convulse, (kon-vub') v. t. to 
contract tUe muscles by 
spanms t to agitate by rio- 
Icnt action; — ». convul'- 
Rion, involuntary contrac- 
tion of the muscles ; vio- 
lent commotion 1 revolu- 
tion ;— a. convul'sive, spa»- 
modic;— <tf/. convul'sively; 
—n. convuls'iveness. 

Cony, (ko'ni) n. a rabbit. 

Coo, (kou) tf. t. to cry a» a 
dove or piscon ; to caress. 

Cook, (kook) n. one who 
dresses victuals ;— p. t. to 
prepare food for eating. 

Cookery, (kook'cr-i) n. the 
art or practice of cooking. 

Cool, Ckool) a. slightly cold t 
free f rnra excitement ; 
calm I not zealous or ar- 
dent; indifferent { Impu- 

dent t— ». i and t. to grow 
cold I to allay or nuxlfrate, 
a« heat, excitement, paa- 
■ion, kc. I to make cool; V> 
quiet passion;— <«/. coolly. 

Cooler, (kool'er) n. a Teasel 
or anything that cools. 

Coolie, (kooTi) n. ChincM 
laborers or immigrant. 

Coolness, (koolncs) n. mod- 
erate cold ; want of zeal. 

Coop, (koop) n. a box or cage 
for fowls, JkC. I a batrel 1— 
V. t. to cage ; to shut np. 

Cooper, (koop'er) n. one who 
makes casks, tc, or puts 
on hoops ;— n. coop'erage. 

C<k>perate, (kO-Qp'er-&t) v. i. 
to work or act together. 

Cfioperation, (kO-op-er-i'- 
ahun) M. joint labor with 
others:— a. cOop'erator. 

C&operative, (kO-op'er-i-tiv) 
a. promoting the same end; 
— n. pi. laborers and men 
of small means uniting 
their skill or resources, and 
establishing eoo/wrotii/'e «o- 
cietta, factone* or ttorc$ 
where they can become 
tei/'-ciiploper*, or buy their 
supplies at low prices, and 
share tlic profits. 

Coordinate. (kO-or^din-ftt) a. 
- holding the some rank with 
somcthijig else ;— oc/. c5- 
or'dinutc^ i—n. cik>rdinB'- 
tion, not subordinate, but 
holding equal powers, as 
lite executive, legislative 
and Judicial branches of 
government, one being ne- 
cessary to, and complc- 
inenting both the otlicrs. 

Coot, (kuut) M. a water fowl. 

Copaiba, (ko-p&'ba)M.aincd- 
icmal rcfeinous juice. 

Copal, (ko'pal) n. gum resin 
for vamuh, &c., secreted 
by the Rhus copallinus. 

Coparcener. Ck6-pars'cn-er> 
n. a joint heir; a partner in 
an inheritance, ftc. ;— n. 
coparc'cny, joint share or 
succession ; partnership in 
guilt or craft. 

Copartner, (ku-part'ner) n. 
equal partner ^-n. coparf- 
nership, business firm. 

Cope, ( kOp ) n. a priesfs 
cloak or hood 1 arch work 
or anything spread over- 
head, as the cope oj'heaven; 
—V. f. or I. to contend ; to 

Tie with, especially o;i 
aqual terms or succcm- 
fully ;— «. coping, upper 
eoorse of masonry which 
covers the wall, sloping. 

Copier, (kop'i-er) a. an im- 
itator or transcriber. 

Copious, (kO'pi-us) a. plenti- 
ful ; not concise ',-'<ul. co'- 
piously ; — m. co'piousncss. 

Copper, (kop'er) u. a metal 
of a reddish color; a copper 
pot or boiler; a cent ; — v. t. 
to cover with copper ;— 
(uljt. eopp'ered, sheathed 
with copper; copp'ery,cop- 
per'ish, like copper. 

Copperas, (kop'er-as]^ n. sul- 
pliate of iron ; vitriol. 

Copperhead, (kop'er-hcd> n. 
a flat -headed poisonous 
reptile, named from its 

Jellow copperish color. It 
\ extremely rcnomous, 
and its bite is deadly ; 
hence the name was ap- 
plied in American politic^ 
to ultra, rabbld aectJonql- 
hta during our Civil War. , 

Copperplate, (kop'er-pl4t) h. 
a poluhed plate of copper 
engraved, or tlie inipre». 
sioD taken from tlie plate. 

Coppice, (kop'is). copse, 
(kops) «. a bmsliwood. 

Coprolite, (kop'ro-l(t) a. pet- 
rifled dung of animals. 

Copula, (kup'ft-la) a. tha 
word that unites the sub- 
ject and predicate uf apj;p- 
pofiition ; a bond or tie.. 

Copulate, (koDi\.I&t) v. 1. to 
have sexbal intercporse i 
— <!. joined ;-»i«- eopula'- 
tion, sexual connection ; 
conmnction in general ;— 
It. (qrtou.), cop'ulative, a 
word tliat unites sentences, 
&0., aa an(f:—a. coupling. 

Copy, (kop'i)n. manuscript 
for printing ; pattern ; im- 
itation of an original work; 
—V. t. to transcribe ; to im- 
itate ; to write, paint, &c., 
according to an original;— 
Its. copy'-lookt a book of 
exercises iu writing : rojpl^ 
ing-book, a book contain- 
ing prepared paper to re- 
ceive impressions of busi-^ 
ne«a letters ; cop'ter. cop'y- 
u(, an imitator, a nliigisrist; 
copt^<tla» m Eng. tapo, 
tenure of land by 09py of 


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An men think all men mortal 
but themselves.— Dr. Young. 

A good man doubles the length 
of his existence; to have lived 

so as to look with pleasure on 

our past existence is to live 

twice. — Latin. [cU. 

An inch too short is as bad as an 




Ncordt eopffriyht, tlie sole 
right to publish a book, ftc., 
for a term of year*. 

Coquet, (kd-kcf ) v. t. to ex- 
cite notice or love from 
vanity j— 1>. i. to trifle with 
or deceive in love ;— ». co- 
quet'ry, trifling in love. 

Coquette, (kd-kef) n. a vain, 
deceitful, trifling woman « 
a jilt ;— a. coquettish, af- 
fected, niry ;— a</. coquett'- 
i»hly ;—H. coquctt'isnneas, 
style of a flirt. 

Coral, (koKal) n. a calcareous 
shell crowing on the bot- 
tom of the sen, composed 
of the skeletons of zoo- 
phytes ;~-a. like coral. 

Coralline, (kor^Uln) a. of, 
like, or contsininfc coral;— 
fi. a mors-like coral; a coral- 
like suostance. 

Corban, (kor'ban) n. a frift i 
an alms-basket ; chanty. 

Corbel, (kor'bel) n. any omnp 
raentcd projection support- 
weight iarch.) 

Cord, (kord) n. a line, or 
small rope ; a measure of 
wood containing 128 cubic 
feet :— v. (. to bind with a 
cord I to pile wood. 

Cordage, (kord'il)n. ropes. 

Cordate, (kord'it) a. liaving 
the form cf a heart. 

Cordial, (kor'di-al) n. tn ex- 
hilaratiiig' liquor;— «. re- 
riving; hearty; sincere; af- 
fectionate »—ad. cor'dially; 
•*«. eordial'ity, heartiness. 

Cordon, (kor-don') n. a line 
of mintary posts m row of 

Jutting stones ;— /flr. any 
brbioden bounilary, as a 
tauitwry Ime, to prevent the 
spread of contagion. 

Corduroy, (kor-uft'roy') n. 
thick cotton stuff, ribbed ; 
a rough kind of road, con- 
sisting of loose poles or 
logs laid across a swamp, 
showing a ribbed outline. 

Cord waincr, (kord'win-er) ii. 
a shoemaker. 

Core, (kOr) n. the heart, or 
inner part, as of trmU-'fig. 
the gist of any sabject. 

Coriaceous, (kdr-i-i'shus) a, 
of or like leather. 

Coriamler. (kbr^i-an'dcr) n. 
an annual pUint, the seed* 
of which when f r««h hart 

a too-like smell ; used as a 
medicine, spice, frc. 

Corinthian, CKO-rinth'i-an)a. 
denoting a Grecian order 
of architecture, which is 
highly ornamental. 

Cork, ( kork ) u. the outer 
bark of the cork-tree ; a 
stopper made of cork :— f. 
t. to stop with a cork ; to 
stop up ;— M. cork'-HCrcw, a 
gimlet or screw to draw out 
corks from bottles. 

Cormorant, (kor'md-rant) n. 
a genus of wcb-footed sea- 

birds, of great vomcity ; a 
glutton ; humcn greed. 
Com. (korn) n. the edible 

grains in general ; mnizc 
or Indian com, which iit 
the only grain popularly 
called corn in U. 8. ; a 
hard tumor on the feet ;— 
V. t. to sprinkle with i»alt ; 
to granulate \—]ior. corn'- 
ing.;— j);). comcd', ns salt 
beef or pork.— Tb ucknowl' 
edge Ihe com, u to own 
up, or ronfctfs a chAtge 
or imputation, cap. a joke. 

Cornea, ( kor'nc - a ) n. the 
homy membrane in the 
front part of the eye; — a. 
com'eou«, homy ; hard. 

Comol, (kor'ncl) n. the cor- 
nciian-cherry or dog-wood 
tree, so named from the 
homy nature « f its wood. 

Corner, (korn'er) n. angle ; 
a secret place ; a strait or 
stringency produced by 
S!>ccubtoni in ftocks, pn> 
duce, &c., who have bovght 
«;>t::e f.ipnly on the mar- 
ket, and tiins control the 
{trictt—a. cornered, hav- 
ag corners ; —/fir. d:-iren 
into a comer by hard quesr 
tions or adverse circum- 
stances ;— n. cor^ner-tttonc^ 
the foundation stone at the 
comer of a building, monu- 
ment, &c., which is often 
laid with public celebrn- 
tiuns •.-'/ia. any safeguard 
or palla^Iium, as the basis 
of personal cxeellenee or 
iiatmnul well-being. 

Comet, (kor'net) n. a hom- 
■hnped musical instru- 
ment I a cAlralry ofllcet. 

Coraice, (kot'nia) n. the top 
of a wnll or column i a 
snoalded projectioB. 

Coraicu'jite. (kor-nik'u44t) 
a. shaped like a horn. 

Corn-stalk, (kom'btolk')ii. a 
stalk or stem of maize. 

Cornopean, (kor-nd'pe-au) h. 
a musical wind-instrument 
like a horn or trumpet. 

Cornucopia, (kor>iiu-kd'ni-i) 
N. the horn of plenty, iruui 
which fruits and flowers 
are represented as coming; 
the fabled horn of the 
goat that suckled Jupiter, 
placed among the stars M 
an emblem of plenty. 

CorolU, (ko-rol'a) a. inner 
covering or leaves of a 
flower, callcil i>etals. 

Corollary, (kor-ol-la-ri) n. de- 
duction from recognized 
facts ; conclusicn, surplus. 

Coronal, (kor'6-nal) n. a gar- 
land; crown ; frontal lione; 
— o. denoting a crown or 
the top of tne head ^-«. 
corona' tion. a crowning. 

Coroner, (kor-o-ner) «. an 
ofBcer who summons a 
jury to hold an inquest into 
the cause of accidental or 
suspicions deaths. 

Coronet, (kor-o-uet) n. an or- 
namen - 
tal head- 
dress ;— 
a. cor'-' 

oneted . 
a coro- 

Corporal, (kor'po-nil) n. in- 
ferior military officer ;— a. 
relating to the body ; hav- 
ing a body ; net spiritual; 
— a<f, corporally r — n. cor- 
poral'lty, embodied state. 

Corporate, ( kor ' po - r4t ) n. 
united so as to act as an in- 
dividual; belonging to a 
corporatton ;— rtoT cor'po- 
rntely;— n. cor'poratencss. 

Corpora tion,(kor-po-rd'shnn ) 
N. a body corporate or pol- 
itic empowered to transact 
tht business connected 
with a town or cityr^n* 


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All true love is grounded on es- 
teem. — Buckingham. 

A firm faith is the best divinity; 
a good life the best philosophy; 

a clear conscience the best law; 
honesty the best policy, and 
temperance the best physic. 
Avoid all bribes. Avoid strife. 




corpora'tor, one who help* 
to form such a body. 

Corporeal, ( kor-pd're-al ) a. 
haring a body or tub- 
stance; material i—arf. cor- 
poreally »— ». corporeal'ity. 

Corps, (k6r)n. a body of 
tioop« J— pt. corp«, (kOrz). 

Corpse, (korps) it. a dead 
body of a human bein;;. 

Corpulence, (kor'pa-lcns) n. 
exceocive fatnoM ;— a. cor'- 
pulciit, flcahy, bulky, fat 

Corpuecle, ( kor' pus-l ) n. 
a phvaidd atom t a minute 
particle ;— a. corpus'cular. 

Correct, (kor-rekf) v. t. to 
punibh; to countisrbalnnce; 
to refonnsto m Ake Rtraigiit; 
—a. exact i acenrate ; prc- 
ciae; free from faults;— a i. 
correct'ly, juatlv ;— n. cor- 
rect'neM, propnety, kc. 

Correction, (kor-rek'shun) n. 
amendment ; discipline :— 
a:^a. correc'tional, correc'- 
live, calculated to reform 
or make right ;—n. applied 
la the way of curing or 
righting anything;— .1. cor- 
rec tor, that or he who cor- 
rects:— n. pL corrigett'dOt 
things to be corrected. 

Correlate, (kor-re'14t) v. i. to 
be mutually related, as 
father and son ;— n. corrc- 
U'tiont— a. corrcl'ative, re- 
ciprocal;— h. a person or 
thing corresnonuingly re- 
1 itedto .nnother pcnion or 
tiling :— ff /, corrd'atively ; 
«. corrd'aiiveness. 

Corre»jx»nd, (kii--rf-«pond') 
V. i. to answer I fit: suit 1 
Agreet to haveinturcouriie. 
e:tpecinlly by seudiitg anl 
receiving letters ;—au. cor- 
respond mgly, suitably. 

Correspondence, (kor r€- 
cpond'cns) n. agreement 1 
interchange of lettersi 
irii-ndly inteiuounie; suit- 
r.blciics4 : — a. eorrcspon'r- 
rat, suit \h\e ;— n. one with 
whom intercourse is kept 
up by letters, ftc. 

Corridor, (kor'ri-dor) n. a 
gallery or open passage to 
separate chambers. 

Corrigible. ( kor'ri.jiJtl ) a. 
tliat m IV be amenaed. 

CoiToborate,(kor-rob'0-rit) v. 
/. to confl rm ; to strengthen ; 
to make more certain ; artjg. 

corrob'orating, eorrob'or- 
ant,8trengtheuiug:— II cor- 
robora'tiun ; contirmutiun, 
addition of Ktreiigth. 

Corrode, (kor-rOd) v. t. to eat 
away by <*egrves ; to rust t 
—atli*. oorrud ing ; corrds'- 
ivc,gnawing, wasting with 
care and sorrows corrott 
tb/^, capable of ru»t, as 
iron, or gradual waste, aii 
the bodyi— .n«. corrosion, 
act of eatin;; away 1 eor- 
rodteat, that whicn rusts 
or preys upon \ conxti'tve- 
nets, quaJity of eating 
away I or giving piin: acri- 
mony;— aJ. corros'ively. 

Corrugate, (kor'ru.git) i^. t. 
to wrinkle I to diaw into 
folds by contracting or 
pressing together ;— a. cor'- 
rugaat, able to contract! 
cor'rugated, wrinkled t— «. 
corrugi'tion. contraction. 

Corrupt (kor-mpr) v. t. ori. 
to spoil i to bribe: to defile; 
to debase ; to n>t ; to lose 
puritv;— a. putrid :dei>rav- 
cd ; aeflled : nut genuine ; 
full of errors;— a7. eor- 
rupt'ly I— rm. corrupt'ness; 
oormpf er, one whotaints. 

Comipnble.(kor-ru|>t'i-bi) a. 
Uable to decay as matter, to 
deterioration as morals, or 
to bribery as an unprinci- 
pled man; aJ. corrupt'ibly, 
vilely;— flff. corruptibil'ity, 
corrnpt'ibleneps 1 — a. cor- 
rupt'ive, exerting a perni- 
cious or destructive influ- 
ence ;—n. comip'tion, rot- 
tenness; putrid matter ; dc-^ 
pravity ; impurity; bribery. 

Corsair, (kor'eai ) n. a pirate. 

Corse, (kors) n. a corpse. 

Corselet, (korsiet) m. armor 
for the breast. 

Corset, (koKsPt) n. a bodice 
for ladies ; stnyn. 

Cortege, (kor'iazh) n. train 
of atteiidantK, procession. 

Cortex. (.kor'teks/M. tliebark 
or skin of a plant, a cover- 
ing;— a. cor'ticnl, pertain- 
ing to bark ; external 1— a. 
cor'ticate, furnished with 
or resembling bark. 

Comscate. (kor-us'kit) v. i. 
to sparkle as br shaking ; 
to til row off flasnes of light; 
—a. corus'cant, flashing. 

Coruscation, ( ko - rus - kft'- 

•hun) II. a glittering or Hid- 
den flnshing of light. 

Corvette, (kor-vef) n. sloop. 

Corvine, (kofvln) a. pertain- 
ing to the crow. 

Cosey, (ku'zi) a. mug ; com- 
fortable I chatty. 

Cosmetic, (koz-meflk) a. 
promoting beauty; — n. a 

Bre|iaration used for beau- 
fying the complexion. 

Cosinicui.(koz'niik-al) a. re- 
latingto the world or to th( 
universe; ri»iiig and setting 
with the sun;— cuf. cos- 
mically;— n. cosmoc'ony, 
science of the formation ol 
the universe ;— a. cosmo- 
graph'ical. denoting a gen- 
eral descrii.tion of the 
workl ;— n. cosmog'raphy. 
map of the world 1 science 
of the constitution of the 
universe ;—ns. cosraog'ra- 
pher. ccsmog'onist. 

Cosmology, (koz-moro-ji) n. 
a treatise on the structure 
and parts of tlie system of 
creation ;— a. cosmolog'- 
ical :— n. co»morogist, one 
versed in this subject 

Cosmopolite, (koz-mop'o4lt) 
n. a citizen of the world ; 
one who can make a home 
every where ;— o.cosmopol '- 
itan, free from local attach- 
ments or preitidiccs. 

Cosmorama, (xoz-mo-ra'ma) 
u. a view, or a series ol 
view*, of different parts oJ 
the world:— a. cosmoram'ic 

Cossett, (cos'et) n. a lumb 
brought , up without the 
dam ; a pet of any kind. 

Cost (kost; n. price paid ; 
chsTg*; ; expense; loss;— 
r. I. to be had at the piicr 
of, as stnted ;— t'. t. to rc- 

Jitiire to be laid out or suf- 
ered ;—/>/. costs ;— a. cost- 
ly, expensive, valuable ;— 
H. cost') in ess, expcnsivc- 
ness, sumptiiousness. 

Costal. (koHt'nl) a pertain- 
ing to the ribs, &c. 

Coste rmonger, (kos'lin- 
mung-ger) n. au it.ueraut 
seller of fruit 

Costive, (kos'tiv) a. bound 
in the bowels: coiutipated : 
close; formal; reticent;— or/ 
cos'tively ;— a. cos'tiveuess, 
slow motion of bowels. 

Costume, (kos'tum) n. dms: 


by Google 

A lucky chance does oft decide 
the fate of mighty monarchs. 
— Thomson. 

Animus tamen omnia vindt. 

Ille etiam vires corpus habei^ 
facit. — Courage conquers all 
things; it even gives strength 
to the body.— Ovid. 




in painting and sculpture, 
true to the period or place. 

Cot, (kot) M. cottage t a oerth 
on a Htcainboat < small bed 
in which children sleeo. 

Cote, (kut) N. a shc^pfold. 

Cotemporary, (k6-tem'p*-ra- 
ri}a. and n. contemporary; 
living in the same age :~ 
a. cotempora'ncous, oceur- 
ring at the same time. 

Coterie, (k6'te-r«) n. an ex- 
clusive society { a number 
of penons who meet famil- 
iarly for social, literary, or 
other purposes t a clique. 

CotilUon, (ko-til'vun) n. a 
square dance of 8 persons. 

Conage, (kot'tflj ) n. a small 
neat dwelling;— n. cotf ager 

Cotton, (kortin n. soft sub- 
stance like ilne wool, got 
from the pods of the cot- 
ton plant ; cotton cloth. 

Cotyledon, ( kot-i-lfi'don ) k. 
the cup-tihaped leaf which 
nourishes the seed of a 
plant ;— a. cotyle'donous. 

Couch, (kouch) v. i. to lie 
dow.i for the purpose of 
sleep, concealment, ftc: to 
bend or stoop in reverence; 
—f . t. to hide ; to arrange 
in languase;— n. a scat ; 
any place for rest or sleep. 

Couchant, ( kouch'ant ) a. 
couching or lying down 
with the head raised. 

Cough, (kof) n. elfort of the 
lungs to throw off phlegm; 
— r. I. to make this effort ; 
—p. t. to expel from the 
throat or lungs by a cough. 

Could, (kood) pret. of Out. 

Council, (koun'sil) a. an as- 
sembl V of persons met for 
consultation or advice ;— it. 
coun'cillor, a member, ice. 

Counsel, (koun'sel) n. con- 
sultation ; deliberation ; 
plnn ; purpose ; an advo* 
cate ^-l^ t. to give advice j 
to exhort; to warn ;— n. 
coun'sellor, an adviser ; a 
lawyer; — h. coun'sellorship 

Count, (kount) v. t. to num- 
ber, reckon, sum up : to 
ascribe, esteem, consider; 
— 1>. t. to add to a number i 
to depend; — it. act of num- 
bering: the number count- 
ed I a particular charge in 
an indictment. 

Count, (kount )ii; a titit of 

nobility on the continent 
of Europe^^r/em. count'ess 

Countenance, (kouu'ten-ans) 
f». the face or features ; tx- 
prossion ; appearance ; air; 
support ;— i;. (. tp support ; 
patronize ; encourage. 

Counter, (kount'er) tt. he 
who or thnt which counts, 
or indicates a number; a 
piece of metal, &c., used in 
reckoning;at3bleon which 
monev is counted or goods 
laid ; nigh tenor in music ; 
—ad. a^nsti in opposi- 
tion;— a. contrary, adverse. 

Counteract, (koun-ter^tkt'; 
r. f. to act in opposition i 
to hinder; to frustrate ; — n. 
counterae'tion ;--a. count- 
eracrive, tending to defeat 
or act counter ro ;— n. the 
forces counteracting \—ad. 

Counterbalance, (koun-ter- 
bal'ans) ti. I. to weigh 
against with an equal 
weight I to act against 
with equal power or influ- 
ence }— n. an eqiul agency 
working in opposition. 

Counter-current, (koun'ter- 
knfrent) a. force of water 
or air moving in a contrarp 
way to the main current. 

Counterfeit, (koun'ter-fit) a. 
forged; deceitful; ficti- 
tious ; false ; spurious ;— it. 
a forgery ; something false 
or copied, or that pretends 
to be true and original ; a 
deceitful person i—v. t. to 
forge ; to imitate ; to copy 
without authority and in 
opposition to the real or 

Enuine article ^-it. conn - 
rfeiter, one who makes 
and iMues false money, 
checks or bonds : a cheat. 

the corresponding part of 
a tally or cneck. 

Counter-irritation, ( koun'- 
ter-ir-i-ta'shun) n. produc- 
ing one disease in order to 
relieve another ;— n. coun'- 
ter-irritant, any influence 
which diverts attention 
from a pain or grievance. 

Coun termand, ( koun ' ter- 
mand) v. U to give contrary 
orders ; revoke ; oppose ; 
contradict v—n. a contrary 
Order ; reToeati(Hi~ o* ft 

former order ; — o. counter- 
mand'able, revocable. 

V. t. to scheme adroitly in 
opposition to another ; to 
in triguc ;— n. a mine to blow 
up a t>e»icger or a city. 

Cotintemintion, ( koun'ter- 
md-sliun)N. a motion made 
to defeat another, as in a 
legislative body. 

Counterpane, (koun'tir-pin) 
n. a ttUched coverlet for a 
bed, generally white. 

Counterpart, (koun'ter-pirt) 
n. opposite or similar p-irt. 

Counterplot, (koun'ter-plot) 
n. a plot to foil another. 

Counterpoise, ( koun ' ter - 
poiz) n. equal weight in 
opposition ;—v. i. to bal- 
ance ; equal ; act agtunst 

Counterscarp, (koun ' ter - 
skirp) n. side of the ditch 
nearest to the besiegers. 

Countersign, (kounler-sfn) 
n. a military watchword : 
same affixed to a writing ; 
—V. t. to sign as secretary 
or on the opposite side i to 
attest the authenticity of. 

or) ». the hishoit adult 
male voice, and the lowest 
female voice, between the 
pitch of covmter nnd ttnor. 

Countervail, ( koun-ter-vil) 
V. I. to balance ; compen- 
sate; avail agaiDst^-u.equal 
strength, power, &c. 

Counting-house, (kounfing- 
houfl) n. a mercantile or ex- 
change office for money. 

Countless, (kountles) a. 
numberless ; infinite. 

Country, (kun'tri) a. a rural 
region as distinct from a 
town ; a tract of land ; the 
land in which one was 
bom, or in which one re- 
sides;— ns. country'nian, of 
the same country; rustic ; 
eovntry-«eat, rural resi- 
dence of a citizen ; county, 
subdivision of a state, uc. 

Coupe,(koo-pn)n. a carriage. 

Couple (kup'i) n. two; a 
pair ;— t;. t. to join ; unite. 

Couplet (kupiet) n. two 
lines of verse ; a pair. 

Coupling, (kup'ling) n. that 
which couples or connects. 

Cou|K>n, (koo-p6tt) n. one of 
the certificates or ^heckk 


by Google 

AH things are ever changing, 
nothing perishes. (Lat.) — Ov. 

Alt things are diflBcult before 
they are easy. 

All are but parts of one stupend« 

ous whole. — Pope. 
AU are good maids, but whence 

come the bad wives ? 




attachisd too bond, on ure^ 
scntin^ wlocii at the place 
of payment tue holder re- 
ceives tiie intcrent on the 
bond, for three, six, or 
tvclve monthn, us msjr be, 

Coiinue, ( kuKAj) n. spirit t 
heart; braverj's the qudity 
that enables one to meet 
dangers 'without fear :— a. 
counfgcous, brave, bold; 
— arf. coitra'geously ; — «. 
coara'geotisnea^, pluck. 

Courier, (koo'ri-er) H. a mes- 
senser eeut in haste} « 
travelling attendapL 

Course.' (kOrs) n. a race or 
runnuie track for horses i 
career ;llte direetioa poi^ 
sued OB a journey orToy- 
age ; regular prc^^ress from 
point to point, as in travel- 
ling, in life's jou mey . or in 
conduct; method of pro> 
cedure; part of a meal 
serred at one time-r-v. ».or 
f. to hunt, run, pursue}— M. 
eours'er, 8>rif t horse. 

Court, (kOrt) n. a front ytttd, 
a spacie enclosed, or sun* 
rounded by houses; ttie 
palace or attendants ox a 
sovereign ; civiKtv, as to 

eiy court r the half of just- 
e and its indsea and offi- 
cials % any oodV assembled 
to try causes, whcthercivil, 
militaij, or eeclesiostical; 
—v. f. to pay attentions to ; 
to woo, to solicit, to seek;— 
ks. courting, courfship, a 
seeking in marriage. 

COurtcoua, (kurfyu«)a. po- 
lite; civii( ohiising; of 
kind and poti«hca deport- 
ment ; — aa. courf eoubly ; 
—418. court'eousness. courf- 
CKy, court'liness, elesrnnce 
of manner, net of ci\ility 
or respect ;— «. courf iy. 

Courtesan, ( kurt'i6-zan ) n. 
lewd woman of the town. 

Courtesy, (kurt'si) n. the 
gesture of salutation or re- 
spect performed by women 
by slightly depressing the 
body or tjendinetheknoes; 
— r. i. to nwke a courtesy. 

Courdcr, (kdrTyer) v. one 
who coUrbi or nettetf. 

Court-martial, (kOrt-mfti'- 
shet) n. a court to try mil- 
itaiT or naval offenders. 

CoiirH>Iaater, (kdrt-plai4er) 

n. stfcking plaster made o^ 
silk, with aouaie adhesive 
Bubstaaoe on oue side. 

Cousin, (kux'ii) ft. tiio child 
of an uncle or uuut. 

Oive, (k6v\>u smuil inlet, 
crock or o y ; — v. t. l.» 
overarch, and tliosforrn a 
hollow ; a, coved, arched. 

Covenant, (kuv'cnant) n. an 
agreement or tlie wntiug 
containing it;— r. L. to 
stipulate ; to bargtin >—«?«. 
covenautce'.one to vho:ti 
a covenant s made ; cov- 
enan'tcr, one who makes it. 

Cover, (kuv'erlv. <.tospre.nd 
over I to clothe t to hicle ; to 
brood or ait on, ns a hen en 
eggs; to Im) sufAcientior, 
asto cover cspenso (~4i. a 
shelter ; a prctcnoc 

Covcring.(kuVer-ing)ii. any 
thing that covers or con- 
ceals;— n. cov'erlct, an up- 
per bed-cover; n ctvei^cle. 

Covert, Ckuv'ert) a. hid; con- 
cealed t sly; aecrett— n. a 
shelter; place that affords 
protection «— ocf. coVertiy, 
m a sly or secret manner. 

Coverture,<kuv'er4ar)jc. the 
state of a niariied woman ; 
shelter, defence. 

Covet, (kuVetS o. <. or i. to 
desire eagerly or unlaw- 
fully}— a. cov'etable, do- 
drable; eotf'etovs, avari- 
cious, greedy ^—a(f. cov- 
etously ;— a. cov'etousnessk 

Covey, CkOv'i; n. a brood of 
birda;— r -' ' — 

-a. eOve, a boy. 

Cow, (kow) n. female of the 
bovine species ;— v. t. to 
keep under ; dishearten. 

Coward, (kow'ard) K. one 
wanting courage ; a das- 
tard :— a. af raidof danger, 
timid, mean; — cut. cow'- 
ardly;— tt. cow'ardlinesa. 

Cowardice, (kow'ard-is) n. 
want of courage, tiinidtty. 

Cower, (kow'er) v. i. to sink 
throtigh fear; crjurh. 

Cowhide, (koWhJd) n. whip; 
— V. t. to beat witli a lush. 

Cowl, (kowl) »t. a monk's 
hood; any cap or hood; a 
cover for a chmincy. 

Cow-pox, <kow'poks> n. a 
disease which appears in 
pimples on the tetts of a 
cow, the matter from whick 
is used for t>acctaa</oii. 

Cowry, ( koWri) n. a small 
^eil used as money in the 
E. Indies, and in Africa. 

Coxcomb, (koks^ftm) n. a 
flip ; n red fl»>wer. 

Coy, (key) a. sliy, bashful, 
liiudest ; — ad. coy'ly 5 — n. 
coyness;— a. coy 'wh, pni- 
disli, reserved ;—o/f. ccy- 
ishiy }— «. co3r'i«hnc8S. 

Cozen, (kuz'n)r. t. to cheat; 
to flutter in order to de- 
ceive ; — nt. CO* ' encT, a 
knave ; ecMT'eno^, dccdt 

Co:'.y,(ei>'zi) a.chotty : snug; 
comiortaMc ;-- ad. oo'zily. 

Crab, (krah) n. a sheH-flsh ; a 
wfld apple ; sign of the zo- 
diac ;— a. rough, austere. 

Crabbed, (krab'ed) «. peev- 
ish; sour-tempered ; harsh; 
rough ; difBcult ; perplex- 
ing ; —ad. crabb'edly 1 — a. 
crabb'edness, sorBness. 

Crack, (krak) n. a sudden 
noise ; a fissure ,— ti. L or t. 
to break into chinks; rend 
asunder; split wholly or in 
part; produce ariiarp q^uick 
sound;— a. crocfc'-fcramecf', 
crazed, wild, visionary. 

Cracker, (knk'er J n, a fire- 
work; a hard oiscuit; a 
clownish native of the 
South Jers^ jpine-wooda. 

Crackle, (knil) v. i. to give 
out slight but frequent 
noises, as trampled straw, 
or burning wood. 

Cracknel, ntrak'nel) n. a 
hard, bdtMc biscuit. 

Cradle, ( krft'dl )u. m. bed or 
crib la which children are 
rocked t a scythe for cut- 
tiag grain, harirg long 
angers shaped like a cradle 
fornoldineand arranging 
the straw m, swaths i-:fiff. 
infancy, the beginning of 
an art, enterprise, kc; a 
case for a broken Ihnb ; a 
frame uuder a ship for 
launching it>-v. i. to lay 
or rock in a cmdle ; to cut 
and lay in a swath. 

Craft, Ckraf t> n. itumunl art ; 
trade; cunning; intellect- 
ual ability ; skill ; dextefw 
ity : small vessels. 

Craftsman, (kraftK'man) n. 
an artificer; a mechanic; 
one skilled in machinery. 

Crafty, (kraff i) a. cunning; 
artful t subtie ; skillful h- 


by Google 

All my possessions for a moment 
of time! — Last words of 
Queen Elizabeth. 

After the leaves have fallen, the 

tree has to falL (Lat.)— Pi-aut. 
— (i. /., if an injury is too pa- 
tiently submitted to, others 
will follow). 




cu/xraf r ily {— n. enif rineHt 
cunuinff, stnitagein. 

Crag, (krag) n. a roggedt 
rough, tteep rock or point; 
—acO'*. cniiKg'ed, cragg'y, 
full of broken rocks ;— n«. 
cm^edncaa, eragg'iness. 

Cram, (knun) v. I. or t. to 
stuff { force down i fill the 
mind ; cat greedily ; fill 
to Buperfluityi stody hard. 

Cramp, (kramp> n. painful 
spasinodie contraction of 
the musdet } restraint t a 
piece of iron bent at the 
ends, to fasten wood,stone, 
Ac. (—V. t. to affect with 
spasms ; toeonflne: to bin- 
den to fasten with irons. 

Crampfish, (kramp'flsh) n. 
the torpedo, which aflfect* 
with cramp the arma of 
those who touch it. 

Cranberry, (krantier-ri) %. a 

- red, sour berry much used 
for tarts, pies, &e., growing 
on vines fn bog-meadows. 

Crane, (kr&n>n. a migratory 

neck * 
bill; a 
for rais- 
ing and 
weights ; 
a siphon. 

(^niology, Ckr»-ni-oro-ji)n. 
atreattoeon theskuIL 

Cranium, (krft'ni-um> n. the 
skuU ; bones inclosing the 
brain ;— a. crin'iaL 

Crank, (krangk) a. the end 

r.of an axis 
bent, and 
rotary mo- 
Jng or con- 
ceit in 
speech ;— a. 
bold t Btoat ; in nauttcat 
phraae, weak, easily over- 
set;--a. crank'y. queer, odd 
Cranny, (kran'i> n. crevice ; 
fisiiure ; a chink i a secret 
place J— a. erann'ied. 
Crape, (krfip) n. a thin trans- 
' parent crisp or crimpled 
mourning tflk. 
Crash, (krash) v. t. to make 
aelatteiing noise ;—«. noise 

of something breaking ;— 
n. erash'ing, a crushing. 

Crasis, (krA'sis; r. in gram., 
the mingling or contrac- 
tion of two vowels into one 
long vowel, or dipthong. 

Crass, (kras) a. gross, thtek, 
coarse ;— n. crass'itude. 

Crassament, (kras'a-ment)n. 
the thick part of blood, Ac 

Cratch, (krach) n. a grated 
crib to nold hay for cattle. 

Crate, (krftt) n. a hamper for 
earthenware ; box for mar- 
keting eran berries; an airy 
box holding smaller ones 
for strawberries, Ac. 

Crater,(kr*'ter) n. the mouth 
or aperture of a volcano. 

Craunch, (kr&nch) v. t. to 
crush with teeth ; chew. 

Cravat, (kra-vatO, n. a gen- 
tleman's neck-tie. 

Crave, (kriv) v. t. to beg 
earnestly ; long for j be- 
seech ; demand ^— n. crftV- 
ing, vehement desire. 

Craven, (kriv'n) n. a cow- 
ard; a. cowardly, spiritless 

Craw, (kraw>ii. crop or first 
stomach of fowls. 

Crawfish, (kraw'fish) ». a 
small species of fresh- 
water crab or lobster. 

Crawl, (krawl) v. t. to creep; 
cringe ; move feebly ; have 
mqwer f oeline on tneskin. 

Crayon. (kr&'on> a. a colored 
pencil; a drawing;— p. t. 
to sketch or plan >n pencil. 

Cmze, (kriz) v. t. to impair 
the mind ; to break ;— n. a 
hallucination or mania, 
which sets men wild after 
a new project, or popular 
speculation, as real estate, 
railroad building, stocks, 
mining, fte.; excitement. 

Crazy, (kriz'i) a. mentally 
deranged » broken ; weak ; 
mad ; crack-brained ^-ad. 
craz'ily ;— n. cnz^ness. 

Crenk, (krek)t>. r. to make a 
grathnrKOund as of a hinge, 
new shoes, Ac.:— a. crcaV- 
ing, harsh noise; friction. 

Cream, (kr€m) a. the oily 
substance which forms on 
milk ; the best part of any. 

. things— o. t. nna,t. to gather 
or form cream; to skim ; 
— a.cream'y, buttery, rich i 
— n. creonriness. 

Crease, (kres) n. mark left by 

compression or folding)— 
V. t, to fold tightly. 

Create, (kre-af ) v. f . to make; 
to form out of nothing ; to 
beget ; to invest with a new 
office, form or character; 
to produce or cause ;— a. 
ereaHon, a bringing forth; 
tlie universe ; the world i~ 
a. crea'tive, formative. 

Creator. (kr£-fct'or) a. God; 
he who creates; a maker. 

Creature, (kr6'tar)B. what- 
ever has Dcen created, an- 
imate or inanimate; a term 
of contempt or endear- 
ment; one who owes his 
position in society to an- 
other ; a dependent or tool. 

Credence, (kre'dens) a. be- 
lief; credit; trust; confi- 
dence ; claim to belief. 

Credentiab.Ckrc-denrahal z>n. 
ph testimonials ; official in- 
troduction or letters credit 

Credible, (krcd'i-bl) a. that 
may bo believed; probable; 
—m. credibility, ered'ible 
ness \—ad. ered'Ibly. 

Credit, (kred'it) a. belief; 
reputation, esteem, honor, 
good character; sale on 
trust; time allowed for 
payment ; money or goods 
nne; the side of an account 
on which payments re- 
ceived are entered ;— w. t. 
to believe, to trust, to sell 
or lend to on time; to set to 
the credit of ;— n. ercd'itor, 
he to whom a debt is due. 

Creditable, ( kred'it-o-bl > a. 
reputable;— a(/. cred'itably 

Credulous. (kred'u-Ius> a. 
apt to believe on sught 
evidence; ansnspecting;— 
ad. cred'ulousTy; as. crcd'- 
ulousness, credulity. 

Creed, (kredl a. belief ; sum- 
mary of religious tenets. 

Creek, <kr§k>a.a small bay t 
inlet of the sea or a river ; 
any turn or winding;— a. 
creek'y. full of creeks, 

Creole, (kr^'Al) a. a 8. Amer^ 
ican or West Indian ; an 
individual bom m the 
country but of a race not 
native to it, or European. 

Creosote, (krS'&-sOt)a. an oily 
coVniesa »re«errtaer liquid 
distilled from wood-tar. 

Creep, (krip) v. t. to move 
•low^ aa a wonn, or on fht 


by Google 

All affectation «i the Tain and 
ridiculous attempt of poverty 
to appear rich. (Ger.)— Lav. 

A forest that has sheltered you 

you wiU not call a shrubbery. — 
Ojl. (i. €,, you will not detract 
from the benefits of a bene- 




belly as • anake: to xroir 
alon;cthe|cronndoron sup- 
ports. OS a vines to fawn ;— 
R.crecp'er.a person or tlunfc 
that creeps, as the myrtle. 
iV7, &c.; a genus of small 
cliuibiiiK birds:— eu/.creep'- 
in^ly. m a dull manner. 

Crcthouon, ( kre^na'shun) r* 
a burning, esp. of the dead. 

Ctenate. (kr^'nat) a. m bot., 
harinr the edge notched. 

Crenelated, (kre-nei-at'ed) a. 
fumisbcd with ereneUea 
(or notches in a parapet) to 
fire through { indented. 

Crepitation, (krep4-t&'shun> 
n. crackling sounds in 
burning :— v. U crep'itate, 
to crackle, as salt when 
suddenly heated. 

CrepuscuIar.C kre-puslia-lar) 
denoting twilight. 

Crescent, ( kres ent ) a. in- 
creasing { growing ;— n. the 
moon as she increases 
towards half-4noon; the 
Turkish standard or 
power; a range of buildings 
in the fonn of a crescent 

Crescendo, (kres-sen'd6) cut. 
with an increasing Tolume 
of »ouQd, a musical term 
whose 8i;a» is < 

Cress, (krcs)a. a plant used 
for salad, as water-cress. 

Cresset, (Kres'et) n. a light 
set upon a beacon house. 

Crest, ( krest ) n. * figure 
placed over a coat of annsi 
tne comb of a cock i a 
nlume of featliers on a 
itelmet; the brow of a hill ; 
pnde; courage, as a cock 
raising its crest lor b.ittle ; 
—V. /, to furnish with, or 
serve for, a crest;— a. crcst'- 
Icss, without a crest V— a. 
eresfing, ornamental iron- 
work, which IS run around 
the flat roofs and towers 
of many fine buildings ;— 
a. crest-fallen, dejected. 

Cretaceous, ( kri-ta'shus ) a. 
of the nature of chalk. 

Cretin, (kre'tin) n. one of a 
^lass of idiots found in 
deep valleys, cap. among 
the Alps, and generally 
afflicted with goitre. 

Crevasse, (ki€.vas')n. acrack 
or split, esp. anplied to a 
elaft in a glacier, or to a 
bnak in the artificial banks 

of a nver which inundate 
the land, m at N. Orleans. 

Crevice, (kreVis) n. a smaU 
crack ; a narrow opening. 

Crew, (kruo) n. a ship's com* 
pany ; a mean crowd ; a 
clumpof people ; crev.did 
crow, past tense of crow. 

Crewel, (kroo'el) n. a ball of 
worsted /am, twiatad. 

Crib, ( knb > n. a manger t 
rack ; stall ; a frame ior a 
child's bed : a small cottage ; 
r. t. to enclose or confine » 
to steal I n. cribble, sieve 

Cribbage, (krib'aj > a. three- 
handed game of cards. 

Crick, (krik>M. n stiff nerk. 

Cricket, (krik'et) a. a small 
insect ; a game : a k>w seat; 
—H. crick'eter, one who 
plays at cricket with bats, 
widccts and a ball. 

Crier, (krl'er) m. one who an- 
nounces sales or causes. 

Crime,(krIm)M. a violation 
of law, either Divine or 
iiuman ; offence i sin. 

Criminal, (krim'in-al) a. vio* 
latin g laws ; abandoned ;— 
R. one guilty of crime i a 
malefactor;— at/, criroinnr- 
ly;— n. criminarity. guilt 

Criminate, (kiim'in-At) v. t 
to charge with ciime i— «. 
crim'ination, accusation;— 
a. crim'inatory, aecnsinc. 

Crimp, (knmp^sf. ridgcu. 
con tiacted, wrinkled ; — v. i. 
to pinch ; curl ; wrinkle ; 
l^Iait f make crisp; to seize. 

Crimple, (krimp'l) v. I. to 
shrink ; to plaic ; curl. 

Crimson, (knm'zn)». a deep 
red tinsed with blue, pro- 
duced by an insect called 
Itrmizt :—v. t. to dye a deep 
red \—v. I. to become crim- 
son ; to blush f to flush led. 

Cringe, (krinj) n. a low bow; 
—V. I. to crouch with ser- 
vility » to flatter ; to fawn ; 
— «. enngeiing, a faMmer. 

Crinite. (kri'nit) a. hoiry; in 
hot., like a tuft of hair. 

Crinkle. ( kring'kl ) v. ». to 
bend in turns ;— n. a fold. 

Crinoltne. ( krin'o-ltn ) r. a 
lady's stiff petticoat, made 
of nair-cloth or expanded 
by hoops, &c.{ mohair pad- 
ding, bustle, or under pet- 
ticoat, to widen the skirt 

Cripple, (krip'l) n. a lamt 

the us« 

>n; one who has k)st 

he use e< hxs limbs ;— r. f. 
tDinakelaroe» to disable. 

CrisM, (krf'sis) a. • critical 
timet thedecisiveiBonicnt: 
a monetary or revolution- 
ary panic t turning point 
of a disease i—;>L Ori»es. 

Crisp, (krfatp Y v. t. to curl ; te 
make tRittle : to form lu to 
ringlets, as the hiir ;— 
dry as to be eromblcd eas- 
ily;— o. crisp'y, brittle;— 
nd. crisp'ly;— /I. crisp'ness. 

Criterion, ( an-te'ri-on) R. a 
standard of judging; rule. 

Critic, (kritfik) r. one who 
judges or examines into 
themeritef pmductions in 
literatufe, the fine arts. Jtc. ; 
a fe«lt-flDdrrr-«. crit'ical, 
discriminating ; accurate ; 
captious X decisive ; impor- 
tant {— ac/. crif ieally ;— r. 
criTicalness, decisiveness. 

Criticise, fkrit'i-slz) v. t. to 
jndge and remark with ex- 
actness; to censure; — n». 
crif icum, a censorious re- 
mark ; nice discrimination 
m litcratin-e or art; literary 
review ;eri'tique. an article 
reviewing new bookn, *c. 

Croak, (kr6k) r. the cry of a 
frog or raven ; — v. L to ut- 
ter a rough sotmd ; to fore- 
bode evH: grumble;— R. 
croalfer, a dokirows talker. 

Crock. <krok)i». earthen pot; 
— *i. crock'ery, vessels of. 
baked clay i earthenware. 

Crocodile, (krok'6-dil) n. a 
large amphibious reptile. 

Crocus, (k'&'kusi a. an early 
pfamt with. beautiful flow- 
ers, one species of which 
produces salTmn. 

Croft,(kroft>n. fleld ; farm. 

Cromlech. ( kromiek > r. a 
rude structure of two or 
more unhewn upright 
stones supporting a large 
flat stone, found in vanoirs 
parts of the world, and 
supposed to be sepulchres. 

Crone, tkrOn) ». a crafty, 
grumbling old woman. 

Cronv, <kr6n'i) r. an old and 
intimate companiontchum. 

Crook. (krook>n. a bend; an 
artifice or tnck x a shep- 
herd's staff x—r. t. or i. to 
bond \ to turn from a 
straightiine i— «u crook'ed. 


by Google 

A living dog b better than a 

dead lioa. — Chin£SB. 
The lonsre^t Way r6uad is the 

shortest way home. 

A Kttle diog may fiaw courage 
before his master's door. — 
HAYTifciT. [Walfole. 

All men haye their price; 




bent: perverse; dishonest ; 
not »lraii;htJorw«rd:— cwf. 
crook'cdly ;— n, crook ' ed- 
nesSfS carving; deformity. 
Crop, (krop) n. anything 

fotnered; produce, Aicom, 
raits, *c.; the cmw of a 
bird ;— p. t. to cut off ; to 
reap, inovr, or jfathcr.— 
Croj^otd^ toappear ; come 
to light; to shovr involun- 
tarily, AS a bad disposition 
or wicked trait in character 

Croquet, ( krSid'in. game of 
•wo«)den balls wmcH two or 
more players vrith mallets 
drive through arches aet in 
the ground. 

Crosier, (krft'zher) It. a bish- 
op's pastoral ataff. 

CroM, (kros ) n. « atrai^ht 

body crossing 
another; the 

CBBifn of the 
Christian re- 
ligion; the 

sulCcrings of 
Christ; any- 
thing tliat 
erossca or 
thwarts; ad- 
Tcni^ ; a crossing or mix- 
ing of breeds, csp. of cat- 
tle ^-o. athwart; oblique; 
opposite ; adrerse ; ilttem 

{)ercd ; peevish; ad. cross'- 
y ;— n. cross'neM ;— r. t. to 
lay athwart ; to cancel by 
drawing crosi lines; to 
pnss from side to side ; to 
obstruct: to interfere with. 

Cross-bill. (kros'biUr. a bird 
resembling a hullflnch. 

Cross-bow, (knoiTbG) n. we*. 
pom lor^dMoting arrowa. 

Cross-examine, (kms-cgx- 
amln) r, /- toaubjecta -wit- 
ness to cxsnhnatioa by the 
opposite side :—u. cror-S'-ex- 
amina'tioii, a questioning. 

Cross'gnnned. <kros-grina) 
a. intertwined., as wood, 
ftc, in whieh the fibres run 
•Croat, not length wine t Tfcrt. 
▼•rae, Contrarv.,un tractable 

Crots-purpoae,0cro>'pu r-pos) 
n. a GoatraTjr pnrpoac. 

Cross-pood, < kros'rdd ) n. & 
way or road that croaaes 
another t—n. crossing. 

Crosswise, ( kros'wfs ) acL 
across ; transversely. 

Crotch, < kroch ) n. tnc fork- 
ing of a tree ; forked stick. 

Crotchet, <kroch'ct) n. per- 
verse fancy ; a whim, con- 
ceit or hoDby ; a note in 
music »— a» crotch'ety, 

Croton, ^kro'ton)*!. a genua 
of tropical plants, produc- 
ing a Drownish-yellow oil, 
having a hot, biting taste— 
a powerful medicine ; the 
water supplied from the 
Croton Kiver, &c., to the 
city of New York. 

Crouch.(krouch)r. i. to atoop 
low; tocringe; to fawn. 

Croup, (kroop) «. a diseaae 
in the throat of children, 
accompanied by a hoarse 
cough ; tlicrumpof a fowl? 
the place behind the aad- 
dlei buttocks of ahorse. 

Croupier, <kroo'pi-£r)N. a 
vice-chairman i gamester. 

Crow, CkrO) n. a large black 
bird, which utters a croak ; 
the cock's voice;— r. t. to 
utter the cry of acock ;— ». 
i. to boa^t; to exult. 

Crowbar, (krd'b&r)n. an iron used as a lever. 

Crowd, (k 

». to _ 

press together in a crowd ; 
— «. crowd'ed, packed. 

Crown. <kiowa) a. tcfp of 
anything, — 

head ; a 
badge of 
royalty I 
honor; re- 

tion ; nccomplMinienti £i. 
of English money;— I'.f. to 
mvestwithacrown; adorn ; 
dignify ; perfcct>-«.crown'- 

Saper, a ulanlc book paper, 
c, size 15xT9. 
Crown-glas«, Ckrown'glas) m. 
windpw-glaaa, formed in 
circular plates or discs. 
Crucial, (Vroo'ahi-al) a. tnma- 
vcrne ; like a emus; aevere; 
trying ; aearching.aa a teitt 
Cmeible, (kroo'ii-bl) n. a 

used BB B lever. 
L (krowd)w. a throng; 
altitude; populace ;— r. 
» press clope;— r.<. to 

chemical vessel ; en earth- 
en pot for melting orc«,&c. 

Crucifix, < kroo'si-likx) ». fig- 
ure or picture of Christ 
fixed to the cn'sa j— n. criK 
clfix'ion. death hv nailing 
the hands and icct to a 
cross, esp. the decth of 
Christ;— a. cru'cifomi, 
ahapcd like a cross ;— u. /. 
cru'cify, to put to death on 
a cross ; to mortify; toaub- 
due completely^ RB sin. 

Crude, (krood) anaturnl 
state ; rough ; iltarranged; 
unripe; undigested; un- 
finished v-<Kf. crudc'ly ;-w«. 
crude'nesa, crud'itv, un- 
ripeness; rawness; tne pro- 
duction of an ignoramus. 

Cruel, (kroo'el)<z. inhuman t 
unfeeling; unmerciful ; 
barbarous ;— ad. cru'clly ; 
— n. cni'elty, disposition to 
cause pain ; barbarity ; a 
merciless act4 uakinoneaa. 

Cruet, (kroo'et) n. a vial for 
sauces or condiments. 

Cruise, (krooz) v. t. to rove 
on the sea ; to sail to nnd 
fro ;— n. a voyage on land 
or water ;— ». cruis'er. 

Cruller, ( kriU'er I n. a long 
twisted cakemadoof sweet- 
ened dough boiled in lard. 

Crumb, < krum ) n. a small 
morsel of bread. 

Crumble, (krum'bl) v. t. to 
break into crumbs ;— i?. i. 
to fnll into small nieces ; 
to decay; to periKii;- n. 
crumm'y, aoft ; m pieces. 

Crump, (kruinp) <i. crooked. 

Crumple, ( krum'nl ) v. 1. to 
draw Into wnnlclcs; to 
creases- r. *. to become 
wrinkled; to contract. 

Cnippcr, (krup'cr) «. strap 
ofleather passing f mm the 
saddle under the horse's 
tail, tosecure the saddle. 

Crural, (kroo'rol) a. shaped 
as, or belonging to, a leg. 

Crunade, (kroo-sid) ti. eni-n- 
est attempt to overthrow 
wrong; a battle waged 
singly or by a party agoinst 
socuii e\-ils or national sins, 
as Intemperance, slavery, 
*c.; originally, a militarj' 
expedition to recover the 
Holy l4ind from Infidels ;— 
n. crfiaad'er, one who en- 
gages in a cmaade. 


by Google 

A loquadoti^ docitdr is successful. 
— Tamil, {trieved.— GfcAV. 
A lost good name is never re- 
A iittU too latCi much too late. 

All IS to be feared where all is to 

be lost. — Byron. 
All looks yellow to the jaundiced 

eye. — ^Alex. Pope. 




Crate, (krooz) ». a small cup 
or vial ; earthen pot. 

Cru«et, (kroo'aet) n. a gold- 
smith's melting pot. 

Crush, (krush) r. t. to ruin ; 
to bruise or break by pres- 
sure : to subdue ; — n. a 
crash; a violent collision. 

Crust, ( krust ) n. outer part 
of bread or a pie ; m geol., 
solid extcnor of the earth; 
a hard covering; a. crusfed 

CrusticeA. ( krus-tiv'shl-a ) n. 
a class of animals with a 
crust-tike shell covenn*;, 
such as lobsters, shrimps, 
and crabs ;— a. crusta'ted ; 
— fu. erust&'cean, a shell- 
fish : crusta'tion, adherent 
crust ;— a. crusta'eeous, de- 
noting shell-fish; hard, thin 

Crust/, (kriist'i) a. hard; 
short ! surly ; peevish;— <Kf. 
crusf ily ;— n. crusfiness. 

Crutch, (kruch) n. a staff 
with a cross piece at the 
head for cripples ;— r. t. to 
suptmrton crutches ; prop. 

Cry,(krl) v. f. or i. to call i to 
weep ; to proclaim ; to im- 
plore; to utter a loud sound 
of ii^eeping ;— n. any loud 

sound ; outcry; yell ; weep- 
ing I prayer ;— pt cries. 
Crypt, fknpt) n. an under- 

ground cell or chnpel, e«p. 
one used for burial. 

Cryptognmia, (krip-to-gft*- 
ml-a) n. the class of flower- 
less plants or those which 
have their fructification 
concealed ;—<«/;«. crypto- 
jfam'ic, criptor'amous. 

Cryptic,(krip'tik)a. hidden: 
secret ; unseen ; occult. 

Crystal, (kris'Ul) n. a solid 
transparent body which 
has assumed a definite ge- 
ometrical form, with plane 
faces; a siiprior kind of 
gloss '.—a. lucid ; pellucid. 

Crystalline, ( kris'tal-in ) a. 
consisting of or like crystal 
in clearness, *e.j pure; 
clear ;— *. crvstalli zn'tion. 
congelation into crystals ; 
— ». <. or ». crys'talliie. to 
make into, or aMume. a 
erystnTline form ;— a. crya- 
tallog'raphy, a description 
of crvstallinc forms. 

Cub, (Kub> ». the young 6f 
certain animals, at the 
dog, b««r, lion, Ike w.t, bear 

Cube,(kQb) n. as ofkfjgicarntf ' 
a body with y\ 
SIX equal 1^ 
tides { the 
third power 
of a number, 
—!?.£. to mul- 

tiply twice into itnelf ;— a. 
cuboid', rescinblmg a cube 
in shai>e ;— n. ciij'af ure, the 
finding of the solid con- 
tents of a body \—a. cub'- 
ical, fashioned as, or con- 
tained m, a cube; — m/. 
cab'ically;— «. cab'iform. 

Cubcb, (ku-bcb) m. a spicy 
berry of the pepper kind. 

Cubit, (k^b'it) n. measure 
used by the ancientH, equal 
m length to the arm from 
the elbow to tip of the mid- 
dle finger ;— a. cub'ital. 

Cuckold, (kuk'old) n. hut- 
band of an adulteress. 

Cuckoo, (koo'koo) n. a bird 
which cries cuekoo, remark- 
able for laying its tgs» in 
the nests of other birds. 

Cucumber, (kil'kum-ber) n. 
a creeping plant with large 
oblong fruit, used aa a 
saUul and pickle. 

Cttd,(kud) n. food brought 
from the first stomach of a 
ruminating animal back 
into the mouth and chewed 
agnm ; a qtml of tobacco. 

Cuddle, (kud'dl) v. i. to be 
close and snug or tocrouch 
or crowd together; to hug; 
to embrace ; to fondle. 

Cuddy, (kud'di) n. a ship's 
cabin— a nautical term. 

Cudgel, (kud'jel) n.n thick 
heavy stick ;- v. t. to beat 

Cudweed. (kud'wSd) w. the 
downy plant "goldy locks" 

Cue, (kfi) n. the end or tail 
of a thing; the part one has 
to play t an v hint ; humor; 
a rod used for billiards. 

Cuff, (kuf) n. a blow ; part 
of a sleeve ;— p. t. to strike 
with the open hand. 

Cuirass, ( kwi-r«s')n. a breast- 
plate for defence ;— »». cui- 
ratsiSi^, a soldier. 

Culinary, f kii'lin-«r-i) o. t>e- 
longing to the kitchen, or 
to the art of cookery. 

Cull, (kul) r. t. to select;, 
pick out I collect together. 

Cullender, eoVandir,(Kul'ano 

der) n. a strainer, having 
small holes in the bottom. 

Cullion, (kul'yun}n. coward- 
ly fellow ; a wretch. 

Culminate, (kurmm-it) v. i. 
to be vertical, or tt the 
highest point of altitude; 
to come to the top; to reach 
the turning point or crisis 
of a disease, an affiiction, a 
passion or joy ;— m. culmi- 
na'tion. nse of a planet to 
Its meridian t lughest point 

Culpable, (kulp'a-bl) n. de^ 
terving censure; fkulty ; 
criminal i—cUt. culp'abty ;— 
fu. cul'pableness, culpaoil'- 
ity « blameablcness ; guilt 

Culprit (kul'prit) cul- 
pable, or in fault ; one ar- 
raigned for a crime. 

Cultivate, (kul'ti-vit) v. t. to 
till the toil : to improve the 
mind ; to devote attention 
to ; to civilize or refine ;— 
iM. cul'tivator, a farmer ; 
a horse-hoe r cultiva'Uon, 
tillage; study; ctvibzation; 
improvement ; refinement 

Culture, (kul'tdr) n. act of 
cultivating! the state of 
being cultivated ; advance- 
ment, refinement, grace. 

Culver, (kul'vir) n. a dove. 

Culvert, (kul'vert) n. arched 
drain or water-course. 

Cumber, (kum'ber) v. (. to 
clog ; burden ; retard ; per- 
plex; trouble;— arf/i. cum'- 
Dersome, eum'brous. bur- 
densome ; oppressive; vex- 
atiotu :— nji. cum'bersome- 
ness, cum'brance, heavi- 
ness, burden, clog;— at/, 
cum' brously ; — n. cum'- 
brousness, heaviness. 

Cumin, (kum'in ) it. a plant 
with aromatic bitter seeds. 

Cumulate, (kQm'Q-ltt ) v. t. 
to heap together ;— a. cu'- 
mtUattve, consisting of 
partn m a heap; increas- 
ing by successive additions 

Cnneal, (ku'nft-ii) Cuneate, 
(k^'ne-at) Cuniform. (ku'- 
ni-form) a. wedge-shaped. 

Cunning, fkun'ing) a. artful: 
sly: skillful ; clever ; — n. 
knowledge: skill i art; fac- 
ulty of UHing stratagem to 
accomplish a purpose; — 
ad. cun'ningly. craftily. 

Cup. (kup) n. a drinking vet- 
tcl ; part of a flower ; the 


by Google 

Ah men are by nature equal, 
made of the same earth by one 
workman; and, however we 
deceive ourselves, as dear unto 

God is the poor peasant as the 
mighty prince. (Gr.) — Plato. 
All are not friends that smile oa 
you. — Dutch. 





liquid contnincd in > cup t 
that which wo must receive 
or undergo : affiietiona or 
bicssmzs ;— v. (. to estract 
blood from tlic body by 
means cf cuppins-^IaMes 
from which the air has 
been cxhasuted. 

Cupboard, (kup'b6rd) n. a 
closet or place with shelves 
for cuus, plates, &c. 

Cupel, (ka'pel)n. small cup 
used in refining precious 
metals ;— n. cupeUa'tion. 

Cupid, ( ku'pid ) n. the sod 
of love. (Myth.) 

Cupidity.f kQ-pid'i-ti) n. inor- 
dinate desire for; lust after; 
covetouaness. (arched roof 

Cupola, (ku'-p6-la) n. adoraei 

Cupreous, (ku-pre-us> a. of 
or like copper. 

Cur, (kur) n. a do? ; a snap- 
Biih fellow:— cu curr'ish, 
brutish, nnarlins;. 

Curable, (kur'a-bi) a. that 
mar be cured ',—n». curar 
bil'ity, cur'ablencBS. 

Curate, (ku-r4t) n. a clerffy- 
man in the C. of E. who 
performs the duties of a 
rector or vicar;— n. cur'acy. 

Curator, (ku-r&-tor) n. one 
who has care of anything. 

Curb, (kurb) v. t. to restrain 
or check ; to bend to one's 
will ; to furnish with or 
^uide by a curb, as a horse; 
to bridle ; — n. a chain or 
strap attached to the bit of 
a bndle ; restraint. 

Curb-stone, (kurb'»Kt5n) n. a 
flat stone placed cd^jcways 
alonjr street gutter:*, &c. 

Curd, (kurd ) a. milk thick- 
ened or coagulated ; the 
chceM part ot milk. 

Curdle, (kurd'l) i?. ». to co- 
agulate t—v. t. to cause to 
turn mto curd : congeal. 

Cure, (kur) n. the act of heal- 
ing ; a remedy; — V. t. to 
retitore to health ; to salt 
and dry ; to preserve i — a. 
cur'otive, tending to cure ; 
'— a.cure'less, without reme- 
dy ; not to be healed. 

Curf«w, (kur'fu)n. a signal 
bell at the close of day. 

Curious, ( k<Vrt-us ) a. desir- 
ous of information ; sin- 
gular ; showinp great care 
or nicety; skillfully made » 
rare;— at/, cu'riouslyv—ru. 

cu'riousness, oddncss ; cu- 
rios ity, great inquisitive- 
ncss, thit which ii unusual 
or v.ondcrf ul ; a rarity. 
Curl, (kurt ) n. a ringlet of 
hair ; a wave, bending or 
twist ;— w. f. or t. to bend 
or shrink into ringlets ; to 
coil; to rise in undulations; 
to writhe ; to ripple ;— n. 
euri'iness ;— CT. cu ' " 
of curls or npples. 

iple ;- 
rTy, i 

Curlicues, ( kurl'i-kiiz ) n. 
fantastic ornaments on the 
person. (CoUoTwal.) 

Curmudgeon- (kur-muj'un) 
.n. a miser ; an avaricious, 
ill-natured fellow. 

Currant,(kur'ant) n. agarden 
shrub and its fruit 

Currency, (kur'en-8i) n. cir- 
culation ; paper passing for 
money ; circulating medi- 
um; general citimation, as 
a widespread report 

Current, (kur'ent) a. circu- 
lating ; common; generally 
received; passing; present; 
— n. a stream ; a portion of 
water or air, or a crowd 
moving in a certain direc- 
tion; course; — ad. cur'rent- 
ly ;— n. cur'rentness. 

Curricle, (kur'ri-kl) n. a two- 
wheeled open chaise. 

Curriculum (kur-rik'O-lum) 
n. course of study at a uni- 
versity ; a course. 

Currier, (kur'i-cr) n. dresser 
of tanned leather. 

Curry, (kur'ri) r. t. to rub 
down ond dress a horse ; to 
beat ; to scratch ; to dress 
tnnncd leather.— 7b curry 
favor, io seek favor by fLat- 
tery ;— «. a kind of sauce 
or seasoning, compounded 
of pepper, ginger, and 
other spices ; a stew mixed 
with curry-powdcr. 

Currycomb, (kar'i-kOm) n. a 
comb to clean horses. 

Curse, (knrs) r. t. to wish 
evil to ; to vex j to injure ; 
V. t. to utter imprecations ; 
to swear ;— a. cursed', un- 
der or deserving a curse ; 
hateful J vexatious ; — ad. 
curs'edly, badly; n. curs'er 

Cursory, (kur'por-l) <i. super- 
flcftil ; careless ; hasty ; 
slight ;— «rf. cur'sorily ;— a. 
enr'sive, flowing, rapid. 

Curt, ( kurt ) c short \ eon- 

cise;— a<f. curtly ;—n. curf- 
ncss, sharpness of speech. 

Curtail, (kur-tur ) r. t. to cut 
short t to abridge i lessen. 

Curiam, (kur'tin) n. aliang- 
ing cloth to ft bed or win- 
dow ;— u. t. to enclose, hide. 

Curvature, (kurv'&-tar) n. a 
curve or bending from a 
straight line ;— ». curva'- 
tion, a bend;— a. curv'ated, 
bent m n regular form. 

Curve, (kurv) cu crooked; 
bent round ;— n. any thing 
bent J an arch;— r. t. to in- 
flect ; to I>end ;— a. curved. 

Curvet, (kurv'ct)n. a certain 
leap of a horse in which he 

{:ivcs his body a curve ; a 
eap or frolic ;— r. i. to leap 
with both feet ; to frisk. 

Curvilinear, (kurv-i-lm'e-^r) 
a. having a curved lino; 
bounded oy curved hues. 

Cushat, (koosh'at) n. the 
ring-dove or wood-pigeon. 

Cushion, (kush'un) n. case 
filled witn some soft, elas- 
tic stuff, for resting on, or 
for a seat ;— r. t. to furnish 
with cusliions. 

Custard, (kus'terd) n. a com- 
position of milk, en^s, and 
sugar flavored and oaked. 

Cusp, (kusp) n. the point or 
honi of the new moon. 

Cuspidate, (kus'pi-d&t) n. in 
hot., having a sn.arp end. 

Custody, (kuR'tO-di) w. im- 
prisonment; security; care; 
— rt. custo'dian, one who 
guarcU property ,Recrets,*rc. 

Custom, (kus'tum) n. habit- 
ual practice ; usage ; wny ; 
an act or habit repeated ; a 
frequenting of a shop or 
store to buy poods; resrular 
trade or business x—pL du- 

. tics on importsand exports. 

Customary. ( ku8'tum-ar-i> a. 
according to or establisliod 
by ciistoih ; u-^ual ; holding 
or held bv custom ; — arf. 
cus'toraarily ;— n. cus'tom- 
ariness, habitual practice. 

Customer, (kus'tum-er) n. 
buyer of goods nt a store. 

Custom-house, (kus'tum- 
hous) n. the house where 
duties aro paid and vessels 
are entered and cleared. 

Cut, (kut) r. t. or i. to carve; 
hew; chop; castrate;— n. 
a cleft ; gash ; slice i lot t 


by Google 

All over is all ill; but over the 
water, and over the hill. — 

All a woman has to do in this 

world is contained within the 
duties of a daughter, a sister, 
a wife, and a mother.— 




coUoq.^ to cut didoes, to be 
frolicsome; to cm/ upuhtnes, 
to play tricks. (Am.) 

Cutft.(kut)a. ctcute, cunning 

Cuticle, (kufi-kl) n. outer or 
scnrf-skin i— n. cfitis, true 
skin or corium ;— a. euta'' 
neoua, ciUic'ular, belonging 
to or on the skin. 

Cutlass, (kutios) n. a ¥road 
one-edge curving sword. 

Cutlery, (kut'lcr-i) n. the 
business of makingknives, 
forks, edged tools, kc.;—n. 
cat'ler.a denier in knives. 

Cutlet, (kut'lct) It. a small 
pie ;c of meat, as veal, cut 
ofT for cooking or cooked. 

Cutltr. (kufer) ». a swift 
sailing vessel with one mast 
and sharp bowstltat cut the 
witer. [assassin. 

Cut-throat. (kufthrOt) n. an 

Cutting, (kut'ing} a. severe t 
punj^ent ;— n. piece cut off j 
mcifiion ; a twig or graft. 

Cuttle-fish, (kut'1-ftsh) n. a 
mollusc with an oblong, de< 

Dab. (dab) v. t. to hit gently; 
to moisten ;— n. a gentle 
blow ; a moist lump; a fish. 

Dabble, (dab'bl) r. i. to play 
m water; to do anything 
in a t:-ifling way ;— i*. t. to 
sprinkle 5 to spatter ; — n. 
dab'hler, aupcrticiai doer. 

Dnbchick, ( dab'chik ) n. a 
fmsll water-fowl that t/iiy* 

Dabtfter.(dab'stcr}n. one who 
IS expert in anything. 

D^ce. (dis) n. a river fish. 

Dactyl, (dak'til) h. a poetical 
fo-ilt of one long and two 
short syllables, as i/ualist. 

*<rrrilv;— a.or n. dnetyl'ic. 
rlology .(dak-tilol'o-jOn. 
of talking with the^n. 


gers, OS tilt deaf and dumb. 
Dad, Daddy, (dad. dad'i) n. 

father, used oy children. 
DA'dd, N. mouldmg or paper 

on lower walla oza room. 
Daffodil, (daf'o^il) n. a 

flower of the lily tribe. 
Dagger, (dag'er; n. a short 

sword ;m printing, a mark 

of reference (t). 

gressed,sack-like body con- 
dning a knife-Kke Done, 
and remarkable for its 
power of surroundingitself 
with a bl.ick. ink^r liquid, 
from which sepiu is made. 

Cycle, (si'kl)n. an interval 
of time in which events re- 
occur in a certain order; 
an jiaglnary circle or orbit 
in the heavens ;— a. cy'clic. 

Cycloid, (srkloid)n. a geo- 
metrical curve made bv a 
point in a circle, when the 
circle is rolled along a 
straight line;— a. cycloid'al 

Cyclone, (si'kldn) n. a rotary 
storm of extended circuit. 

Cyclopean, (sl-kld-pS'an) a. 
pertaining to the one-eved 
Cyclops ; vast ; gigantic. 

Cyclopedia, (kI' klO-pe'di-o) n. 
a body of sciences, and the 
bookscontaining Uiem. 

Cygnet, (sig'nct) n. a swan. 

Cylinder, (siliiMler) n. long 
circular body of uniform 
diameter ;— a. eylin'drical, 


Daggle, (dagi) v. i. to trail 
in dirt or on wet ground. 
— n. Dagffle-taiL a slattern. 

Daguerreotype, (dtrgerrmp) 
n. a picture on metal plates 

Daft, CI. stupid ; giddy; mad 

Dahlia, fdafi-a) n. a plant 
bearing large beautiful 
flowers of rarions colors. 

Daily, (da'ii) a. n. and ad. 
every day ; a newspaper. 

Dainty, (d&n'ti) a. tooth' 
some t fastidious ; pleasant 
to the palate ; delicious; 
elegant; tender;— n. a deli- 
cacy ; — ad. dain'tily ; — n. 
dain'tiness. delicacy. 

Dairy, ( di'ri ) n. th* place 
where milk is kept and 
butter and cheese made. 

Dais, (d&'is) n. a raised floor 
with a seat and canopy. 

Daisy, (di'zi) n. a flower 
which closes at night and 
opens m the morning. 

Dale, (dal) n. a low plaeo or 
valley betw»en hills. 

Dalliance, (dal'i-ans)n. act of 
fondness 1 delay. 

roller-\ik.e;—ti. cyrindrpid, 
oval body like a cylinder. 

Cymbal,(Bim'bal)n. a hollow, 
Drass, basin-like, musical or 
tinkling instrument, beaten 
together in pairs. 

Cynical, (sin'ik-al) a. surly; 
austere ;—«</. cyn'ically. 

Cynic, (sin'ik)n. a morose, 
surly man ; a snarler;— n. 
cyn icism, austerity. 

Cynosure, (sl'no-snoor) n. the 
dog's foi/, a coni>tcIUition 
containing the north-star; 
—hence, anything that 
strongly attracts attention. 

Cypress, (si'pres) n. an ever- 
green tree whose branches 
used to be carried at fu- 
nerals; a symbol of death. 

Cyst, (tist) n. bag of morbid 
matter in animal bodies. 

Cytherean, ( sith-e-r£'an ) a. 
oelonging to Venue. 

Czar, (zar) n. the emperor of 
Russia ;—/em. Cziri'na. 

CzaTOwits,(z&r'o-vits) u. the 
eldest ion of the Czar. 

Dally, (dam v. i. to delay 1 
tnfle I fondle; play. 

Dam, (dam) n. the mother of 
animals ; a bank to con- 
fine watery— r. /. to confine. 

Damnge, (dam'aj; n. injury ; 
hurt ; loss ; harm to prop- 
erty or person i—pl. com- 
pensation for loss or injury; 
—v. t. to take injury ;—r. t. 
to injure ; to hurt ;— a. dam'- 
ageable, liable to injnrj'. 

Damask, (dam'ask) n . figured 
stuff, of linen, c(»tton, or 
wool;—;;, t. to flower o.- 
variegate. as cloth. 

Dame, (dam) w. a lady; a 
matron : mitstress of a hoiue 

Damn, (dnm) v. f. to con- 
demn ; to sentence to eter- 
nal punishment;— n. dam- 
na'tion ; — a <fj*. dam ' no- 
toiy, niinous,woful;dam'- 
naole, bad ; hateful ; perni- 
cious; — ad. dum'nably ;— 
n. dam'nablencss, iMdnesa 

Damp, (damp) a. moivt ; hu- 
mid; watery ;— a. moibt air; 
fog;lowne8aof spirits;— />{. 



All Are not saints that go to 

church. — Italian. 
All are not soldiers that go to 

the wars. — ^Spanish, 

All cats 9^ grey in the dark.-r- 


All cruelty springs from weak- 
ness. (Lat.}^-SEN£CA. 




dansrerous vapors in mines, 
&c.; — r. t, to wet; to dispiriti 
discourage ;~-ad. dampiyi 
—71. damb'uess, humidity. 

Damper, (darap'er) is. valve 
in a Mtove, furnace, or pipe; 

- an occurrence which </amp« 
the spirits, discourages, etc. 

Damocl, (dam'zel)n- a young 
woman: a girl. 

Damson, (dam'zn) n. a small 
hiack plum, {dam'tucene.) 

Dance, (dans) v. t. to move 
with measured steps to 
music ;— r. f. to make to 
dance or jump ; — n. a step- 
ping to the sound of music; 
— »M. danc'er ; danc'ing, the 
act or art of moving in the 
dance.— To dance attend- 
ance, is to be constantly in 
another's company, %har^ 
er-nn, a dani^lcr. 

Dandelion, (dan-de-irun) n. 
a common plant with a yel* 
hiw flower and naked stalk, 
so called from the jagged 
tooth-like edges of its leaf. 

Dandle, (dan'dl; v. t. to'shake 
on the knee t to fondle 
or toss in the arms, as a 
baby :p.,a. dan'dled,pettcd 

Dandruff, (dan'dnif )n. scurf 
on the head ;— to get one's 
dander up, is to get iuto a 
passion or show spirit. 

Dandy, (dan'di) n. a fop. 

Danger, (diLn'jer)n. ezpoa- 
ure to .evil, nsk or hazard; 
—a. dan'ercrouR, unsafe, in- 
secure x—ad. dan'gerously. 

Dangle,(dang'g1) hang 
loose and shaky ; to follow 
any one about ;— r. t. to 
make to dangle;— n. dang^- 
Icr, one who hangs about 
others, esp. women. 

Dank, (dangk) a. moist; 
damp ;— n. moisture. 

Dapper, (dan'er) a, little; 
active; brisk: ne4t; spruce. 

Dapple, (dapi) a. grey, with 
spots, like an apple ;— v. t. 
to variegate witn spots. 

Dare, (dAr) v. ». Ipret. durst] 
to have Rufllcient eoura^ ; 
to venture ;— v, t. to defy; 
to challenge;— a. dar'ing, 
intrepia. fearless;— n. bold- 
ness;— ac/. dar'ingly, audft* 
ciously, boldly ; valuutiy. 

Dark, (dark) a. void of ligSti 
obsourei secrtt i— iLffloomi 
obMurity t statt of ignor- 

ance ; — ad. dark'ly ; — is. 
dark'ness, want of light. 
Darken (dark'n) v. t. or i. to 
make or grow dark ; stupi- 
fy ; render ignorant ; sully; 
—adia. dark'ish, dusky; 
darl'aome, gloomy ; d<xrif. 

Una, being in the dark. 

Darling, (dar'ling) a. dearlr 
beloved;— n. one much 
loved; a favorite ;pet word 

Dam, ( dim ) v. <. to mend 
rents in socks or any gar- 
ment^-n. the place darned. 

Dart, (dirt) n. a pointed wea- 

Son •— ». t. or I. to fly aa a 
art; hurl suddenly. 

Dash, (dash) v. t. to strike 
against; to blot out; de- 
stroy; frustrate t mix or 
adulterate ; — a. dash'ing, 
rushing, reckless, showy, 
hasty, rush; aci. diish'inlfly; 
— n. a ru!«hing or violentun- 
^et; n blow ; this mark (— ). 

Dastard, (das'tard) ». one 
who meanly shrinks from 
danger ; a cowardly fellow; 
—a. and ad. dastard'ly;- 
ns. das'tardness, das'tard- 
liness, cowardliness. 

Data,(da't«) n.p/. facts given 
or admitted from which 
other facta may be de- 
duced; jtjngr. da'tum, a fact. 

Date, (dfU) n. the time o< an 
event or transaction; a 
stipulated time ; duration; 
the fruit of the palm tree; 
—V. L to note the time of 
an act or event ;— v. t. to 
reckon: to begin. 

Dative, ( dot'iv ) a. that is 
eivcn orappointcd;— «.the 
third of the six Latineases 
— generally indicated in 
English by to or /or. 

Daub, (dawb) v. t. to smear 
with mortar, mud, or soft 
matter; to paint coarsely ; 
— H. a coarse painting ;— 9. 
daub'y, ropy, glutinous. 

Daughter, (Uaw'ter) n. % 
female descen dant t — n. 
daugh'ter-in-law, a son's 
wife :— a. daugh'terly. like 
a daughter ; dutiful. 

Daunt, (dawnt) v. t. to dit- 
courage ; to frighten. 

Dauntless, (dawnriea) a. 
bold; fearless:— a<f. daunf* 
Icsslv i— n. dauntleasnesa. 

Daw, f daw) n. a sort of erow. 

Dawdle, (daWdl) a. a parMO 

who loiters over work :— w. 
(. to work wl:h indiffer- 
ence and inattention. 

Dawn, (don) v. i. to bo^in to 
grow light; to begin to 
open and expand, aa the 
understanding;—*, break 
of day ; first rise or appear^ 
ance i — n. dAwn'ing. 

Day, (d&) n. the time from 
Bunrise to aunset; 24 hours, 
the tune the earth takes to 
make a revolution. 

Day-book, (dA'book) n. daUy 
journal of accounts. 

Daybreak, (di'brftk) n. first 
appearaince of daylight ;— 
tt. aayiight, light of the sun 

Day-dream, (da-<1i'toi) n. a 
dreaming or musing while 

awake \ any thing unreal. 

Day-lily, (di'liri)n. a lily 
tliat blooms da ring the day 
or for a day only. 

Day-spriog, (di spring) n. 
nse of tlie dnwn ; rise. 

Day-star, (da'st&r) ». lost star 
to disup|ienr before day; 
the morning star. 

Daze, (daz) t<. t. to dazzle.n. 

Dazzle, (daz'l) tf. t. to over- 
power with any strong bril- 
liancy ;— <k/. dazz'lingly. 

Deacon, (de'kn)ii. a church 
officer \-/em. dea'coness. 

Dead, (ded) a. destitute of 
life ; deceased ; tliat never 
had life; deathlike; use- 
less ; dull; cold nnd cheer- 
less ; without vegetation ;— 
n. gloom ; stillness;- n. pi. 
tlioee who arc dead ;— a. 
deadly, fatal, implacable; 
— iM. dead'lincss. sureness, 
fatality ; dead'neax. dry- 
ness; want of spiiit or life. 

Deaden, ( dcd'n ) v. t. to de- 
prive partly of vigor or sen- 
sation ; to lessen or muiBe, 
as a voice which is heard 
through afloororiuterven- 
Ing wall ; to blunt; deafen. 

Deadhead, (ded'hed) n. one 
who ndes in public con- 
veyancea or attends thea> 
ters, &c., on a free pai>s. 

Dead-language, (ded-lang'- 
gwig) n. one not spoken. 

Dead-Tetter, (ded'let^r) 
unclaimed letter; a law 
which unot enforced. 

Dead-light, (ded'lit) n. a slid- 
ing board window. 

DeaStoek, (ded'lok)ii. a stata 


by Google 

AH nobility in ks beginning was 
somebcxly's naturalsuperiority. 
— Emerson. 

All oratoi3 are dumb when beauty 

pleads. (Rape of Lucretia.)^' 
All objects lose by too familiar 
a view. — Dryden. 




of affair* which is apPA- 
rently unnlterable, «b the 
lever of an engine irhich 
Btopft and will not move. 

Deaf, (def) a. dull of hear- 
inz ; unable to heai* at all ; 
not willing to hear < inat- 
tentive i—ad. deafly ;— ii. 
deaf'neu;— n. deqf-naiuet a 
deaf and dumb penon. 

Deafen, (def'n)v. t. to make 
deaf; to render Impervi- 
ous to sound t to stun. 

Deal. (d£l ) R. a part ; quan- 
tity ; boards, *c.;— r. t. to 
distribute : to trade y-v. i. to 
transact business : to |ict ; 
to divide playing cards. 

Dealer, (d€l'er) n. a trader. 

Dean, ( den ) n. dignitary of 
a diocese « the president of 
the faculty in a college ;— 
». dean'ery, a dean's house. 

Dear, (dir) a. costlv ; high- 
priced ; scarce « beloved ; 
regarded with affection ;— 
H. a person beloved \—wi. 
dearly ;— «. dear'ness »— a. 
dear-bought, obtained by 
great sacrifices. 

Dearth, (derth) n. scarcity ; 
want t need i barrenncaa i 
sterility t famine. 

Death, (deth)ii. extinction 
of life t manner of dringt 
mortality t — Rii. dtatA'-bedf 
bed of a dying person; 
dtnih'tdoor, briitk or edge 
of the grave ^-<K0'''■ death'- 
less, immortal, undying; 
deathlike, hfeless, stilL 

Death-warrant ( deth ' wor- 
ant) n. an order for the ex- 
ecution of one under sen- 
tence of death ; any disease 
or fatality that ends life* 
or hope of life. 

Debar, (dc-bir') v. 1 to hin- 
der : prevent ; exclude. 

Debark, (d«-bark') r. t. to 
land from a ^hip ;— r». de- 
bark ation. a disembarking 

Debase, ( d§-bis' ) v. i. to 
lessen ; to adulterate ; to de- 
grade ; to demoralize. 

Debasement, <dS-bis'mcnt> 
II. degradation: adultera- 
tion ;— <». dcbas'ing, tower- 
ing, ftc.;— a'/, debaslngly. 

Debate. ( M-hiXy v. t. to dis- 

6 lite ; discuss t^v. t. to de- 
berate: aignei— s. discua* 
sion : —n. debif eri— a. dc- 
baTablf, open to dispute. 

Debauch, (de-bawch') n. ex- 
cess in eating and drink- 
ing :— V. f. to seduce ; to 
▼iUate; to corrupt ;—««. de- 
bauchee (deb'o-shi) a rake; 
a drunkard i d^xxwch'eiy, 
lewdness ; intcmpenmee ; 
eormption of fidelity ; ae- 
duction from duty. 

Debenture, (di-benffir) n. a 
written evidence of debt ; 
certificate entitling an ex- 
porter of imported goods 
to a drawback, or repay- 
ment of duty. 

DebUitate. (de.bfl'i4ftt> r. (. 
to render feeble ; to bring 
down the strength ; make 
languid ;— n. debility, a 
weak action of tlie animal 
functions ; sickness. 

Debit, (deb'it) a. a debt or 
something due ; an entry 
on the debtor s^de of an 
account \—v. t. to charge. 

Debonair, (deb-d-nar*) a. el- 
egant ; well-bred ; gay. 

Debouch, (de-boosIO r. i. to 
march out of a narrovr pass 
or confined j>lace \—n. d£- 
bpuchure', nver's mouth. 

Debris, (dft-breO a. rubbish, 
broken pieces of rock, &c. 

Debt, (det^ n. what one owes 
to another, or becomes lia- 
ble to do or suffer. 

Debtor, (defur)!!. one who 
owes ; debtoi^ide accounts. 

Debut, (di-boo') n. a first ap- 
pearance before the public, 
as an actor's ; a beginning 
or first attempt 

Decade. (d€-ki(l') n. 06) ten. 

Decadence (de-ki'dcns) n. 
state of decay ; decline. 

Decagon, (deVa-gon> %. a 
plane figure of ten sideii 
and angles : — n. deeahe'- 
dron, a solid figure having 
ten bases or sides. 

Dccsdogue, (dek'c-log) n. the 
ten commandments. 

Decamp, (d£-kamp') v. t. to 
Koaway, csp. secretly. 

Decampn[ient ( d§ - kamp'- 
ment) a. sudden flight 

a, having ten angles. 

Decant, (d£-kanr 5 v. t. to 
pour on or out, learing 
sediment;— n. dicanta'tion . 

Decanter, (dS-kanrer) n. an 
omampatal giais vessel. 

I>ecapitkte,(dl4cap'l-tit) v. t. 

to behead ; to lop off the 
top ;— n. dSeapitrtion. 

Decapod, (dek'a-pod/n. one 
of the shell-Ash which have 
ten feet or claws, as crabs. 

Decarbonize.Cde-kir'bon-I s; 
V. t. to deprive of carbon. 

Decastyle, (dek'a-stU) a. a 
portico with ten styles or 
eolumns in front 

DecasylUbie, (dek-a-siUb'- 
ik>a. having ten syllables. 

Decay, (di-ki') n. a falling 
into a worse or leM p«rfcct 
state; a passineaway;— r. i. 
to wither ; f alif rom a state 
of health or excellence. 

Decease, (di-sf s') n. depart* 
urc from hf e ; desth ;— *. i. 
todie;-.<i. and a. dectnued', 
dece'dcnt, the person dead. 

Deceit (de.««r) a. act of de- 
ceivingt treacnerriartifire? 
—a. deceit* ful, fnsincere ; 
misleading! — 0d. deceit- 
fully ^-n. deceit'fulness.- 

Dccenrable, ( dd-sCv'a-bl ) n. 
easily misled ;— n. deceiv'- 
ableness ; ttd. deceiv'ablv. 

Deceive, (d«-s*v') v. t. to de- 
lude, ensnare, mislead the 
mind ; impose on ; disap- 
point; cheat;— n. deceiv'er. 

December, (de-sem'her) n. 
the last month of the year. 

Decemvirate, (de-som'vir.*t) 
n. government by ten ;— a. 
deccm'vir, me ot the ten. 

Decennial, ( dS-sen'yal ) a. 
consisting of, or happening 
every ten years;— n. d6- 
cenn'arv, term of ten years. 

Decent, (d€'scnt) tu becom- 
ing ; fit ; modest : proper ; 
moderate ; tolerable x—aJ. 
de'ccntly ;- n. de'ce ncy. 

Deception, (dc-sep'nhun) n. 
act of deceiving ; hnposi- 
tion ;— a. dccep'tive, de- 
ceitful; false;— <w/. deccp'- 
tively;— n. dcrep'tivencbs. 

Decide, (d£-«Id') v. t. or r. to 
determine ; finish ; settle ; 
—a. dccld'abic, adjustable. 

Decided, (dc-sM'ed) o. reso- 
lute ; unmistakable ; clear ; 
ad. d^cid'edlv, absolutely. 

Deciduous, (dl-«id'u-us) o. 
falling off in autumn, as 
leaves ; not pennnnent : 
hence, trees which lose 
their foliage in autumn are 
eaAcd deciduous trees ;— a. 


by Google 

AH cry, tnd no wool. (Hadibras.) 
— Butler. 

All delights are sweeter in ex- 
pectation than enjoyment; all 

spiritual pleasures more in 
fruition than expectation. — 
All is fair in love and war. 




Decimal, (des'i-nial) a. num- 
bered or proceeding by 
tens ;—n. a fraction baring 
ten or aoine power of ten 
for its denominator ;—<x<i. 
dec'iraolly, by tent, ice. 

Decimate, (det'i-m&t) v.Lto 
take the tentli part of ; to 
kill off erery tenth ntan ; 
to ravage with a fatal dis- 
ease ;—n. dccima'tion. 

Decipher, (di-sl'fer) v. t. to 
explain secret wntine; to 
unfold ; unravel;— a. deci'- 
phcrable ; -». d€ci'phcrer. 

Decision, (d£-sizh'un) n. de- 
tertninatiooi firmness.will, 
promptness t settlement. 

Decisive. (di-»l'slv) a. finnl, 
positive '.—a J. decis'ivoly, 
conclusively ;~n. decis'ive- 
ness, positiveness. 

Deck, (dek) r. t. to dress i 
adorn; set off ; embellish i 
~^n. the floor of a ship. 

Declaim, (di-klim') v. t. to 
speak with passion ; — n. 
dcclaim'er, a loud sneaker. 

Declamntion, ( dek - la- ma - 
shun ) n. a haranf^ue : a 
noiity speech, for clisphv. 

Declamatory, (di-klnni'a- 
tor-i}a. without solid argu- 
ment ; rhetorical ; appeal- 
ing to the passions. 

Declaration, (dek-ln-r&'shun) 
n. a motion < written afHr- 
mation ; publication x^-a^s. 
declafatiye, declar'atory, 
making declaration ; ex- 
planatory ;—(k<«. deelar'a- 
tively. declar'atorily. 

Declare, (de-klAr'> o. t. or i. 
to affirm ; say: tell ; assert 

Declension, (d£-klen'shun) 
n. corruption of morals; act 
of declining ; decay ; de- 
scent ; in gram, change of 
termination for the several 
cases of nouns, pronouns, 
ftc, as dog, dogs, axe, 
axes, hero's, heroes*, heroes 

Declinable. (de-kUn'-a-bl) a. 
that may be declined; hav- 
ing inflection for the dif- 
ferent cases of nouns, &c. 

Declination, ( dek - lin -i-' 
shun)n. act of declining; 
refusal ; deviation ; decay; 
in astr. the distance from 
the cslestial equator. 

Decline, (de-klin') v. t to 
f afli deonr* detiate; bend ; 
le«n; to^«w to an end i— 

V. (. to shun ; refuse ; turn 
away from; to give the 
changes of a word ;— n. de- 
cay ; diminution ; devia- 
tion; ji falling off; a grad- 
ual smking of the bodily 
functions ; consumption. 

Declivitous, (de-kliv'ii-us) a. 
sloping ; descending. 

Declivity, (d6-kliv'i-li) n. a 
slope ; gradual descent. 

Decoct,(dd-kokt') v. t. to boil. 

Decoction, (de-kok'ithun) n. 
a preparation by boiling. 

Decollate, (de-korit) r. t. to 
t>ehead ;— n. dccolla'tion. 

Decolor, (di-kul'uri decolor- 
ize, ^dJ-kuI'urlz) r. t. to 
deprive of color;— »». d8- 
cof'orant, a substance that 
bleaches or removes color: 
decoloration, the removal 
or absence ot color. 

Decompose, (de-kom-pdzO *'. 
t. to separate constituent 
parts ;— a. decompos'able, 
resolvable into elements. 

Decomposition. ( dd-kom-pO- 
zi8h'im)». resolution into 
constituent parts: decay. 

Decompound, (d€-kom- 
pound') V. t. and a. tocom- 
pound a second time. 

Decorate, (dek'6--it) r. *. to 
adorn ; embellish ; beautif v; 
— n. decora'tion, embellish- 
ment ; ornament ;— a. dec'- 
orative, adorning, suited to 
adorn ;— «. decora'tor. 

Decorous, (de-kd'rus) o. be- 
coming ; decent t suitable ; 
proper;— ad. deco'rouslr. 

Deco r^cate, ( df -kor't i-kdt ) 
t'. t. to strip of bark.&c.:— 
». dccortica'tion, a depriv- 
ing of bark, husk, or peel. 

Decorum. (d«-kd'rum) n. 
propriety of speech or be- 
havior ; good order. 

Decoy, (de-koy) v. t. to al- 
lure into a snare; entice; 
entrap;— n. a lure ; a bait. 

Decrease, (de-krfs') r. t. to 
make less; — v. i. to become 
less in any sense;— n. a 
growing less ; Joss;— /jtw. 
and a. decreos'ing;— a</. 
decreas'ingly. leas and lean 

Decree, (d5-kr60 1?. t. to de- 
termine ; order; appoint:— 
a, dec'retory ;— n. an edict; 
sentence ; Is^w ; order by 
one in anthority ; a prede- 
termined purpose. 

Decrement, (dek'r6-ment> n. 
m trowing lens; quantity 
lost;— a. decres'cent, be- 
coming gradually less. 

Decrepit, (dC-krep'it) a. In- 
firm ; wasted by nge ; in 
the last stage of decav:- 1«. 
decrepitude, decrepltnesa, 
feeble state of ota i«i;t>- 

Decrepltate, (de-crep'i-tat) r. 
t. to roast in heat with a 
crackling noise, as salts. 

Decretal, (di-kre'tal) a. con- 
taining a decree ;— n. papal 
letter or decrees. 

Decry, (de'kri') v. t. to cry 
down ; clamor ngnlnst ;— it. 
decri'al, condemnation. 

Decumbent, (dS-kum'bent) 
a. lying down; recunsbcnt; 
reclining on the ground ;— 
n. decum'bence, the act or 
posture of lying down. 

DecussMte, Cde-kus'it) v. t. to 
intersect at acute angles ; 
to cross in the form of an 
X ; to cross, as lines, &c.; — a. 
crossed ; arranged in pairs 
which alternately cross 
each other t—n. decussa'- 
tion, intersection, as X. 

Decuple, (dek'u-pl) a. ten- 
fold;- n. a number ten 
times repeated ;—tJ. t. to 
make tenfold: a.d«ctt'ple<t 

Decurrent, (dS-kur'ent) a. 
extending downwards; — 
ad. dccurr'ently, down. 

Dedicate, (ded'i-kate) v. t. to 
consecrate i set apart ; to 
devote wholly or chiefly ; 
to inscribe to any one. 

Dedication, (ded-i-kft'shun) 
n. conitecration to God; 
solemn appropriation ; an 
address to a patron, pre- 
flxcd to a booK ;— n. dfed'- 
icator ;— o. ded'icatory. 

Deduce, (d6-dQs') v. t. to 
draw as an inference ; to 
conclude from reasoning; 
— n. deduce'mcnt. infer- 
ence ; — adj: d§duc ' ibie. 
deduct ' ive, that may be 
gathered from premises. 

Deduct. (dC-dukt) r. t. to 
take from ; to subtract ; to 
separate;— n. deduc'tion, 
an abatement, inference. 

Deed, (ded) ii. an action; ex- 
ploit; a writing tc convey 
Eroperty ;— r. t. to transfer 
y deeo;— a. dcedless, un- 
known to fame I not IcgaL 


by Google 

An feet tread not in one shde. 
All finery is a sign of Uttleness. 
(Ger.)— Lavater. [Ful, 

Light, God's eldest daughter, — 

All fools are not knaVes; bnt ^1 

knaves are fools. 
All great minds sympathize. 

(Ger.) — Lavatbr. 




Deem, («lem) r. t. or i. to 
believe ; to think; to jud^. 

Deep, (de{)) a. far to the bot- 
tom ; profouad i very utiU; 
intense; sunk low ; low or 
grave; secret; wise and 
penetrating ; cunniof;:--}t. 
the seaj an abyss j — orf. 
deep'ly ;— «. deop'ness. 

Deepen, (dep'u) v.t. to make 
more deep t intensify ; 
darken ;— v. t. to become 
deeper or more gloomy. 

Deer, (der) n. a Quadruped 
of several species, as the 
stag, reindeer, &c. i — n. 
acerstalking, the liuntmg 
of deer by stealing upon 
them unawares. 

Deface, (de-f&s ) v. t. to dis. 
figure; erase; mar;--/i. 
deface'mcnt, oblitemtion. 

Defalcate, ( de-fal'k&t ) v. t. 
tn lop off ; to deducta part 
of, used chiefly of money ; 
to appropriate money in 
trust;— Its. defalca'tion, a 
diminution, a deficit of 
funds in one's care ; defal- 
c&t'or, an embez/.ler. 

Defamation ,(def-a-mrshun ) 
n. slander; reproach; as- 
persion ;— a. defam'atory, 
injurious, ealumnious. 

Defame, (d^-fim) v, t. to 
take away one's reputation t 
to speak evil ofj-n. de- 
fftm er, m Blandercr. 

Default, (de-fawlr> n. omU- 
ston ; failure ; offence ; de- 
fect ; neglect of duty ; dis- 
regard of law;— 1». I. to fail 
through neglect of duty; 
to fail to pay. when due; 
to fail to appear in court 
when called upon. 

Defaulter, ( di-fawlfer ) n. 
one who steals money eu- 
truKted to his care. 

Defeasible, f du-f£z'i-bl) a. 
that may oe defeated or 
annulled ;— iw. def eas'ible- 
Bess, dcfe>is'ance, annull- 
ing; miking void. 

Defeat, (de-f«t) v. t. to undo 
or render null and void; to 
frustrate ; to overcome % to 
ruin ;— ». an undoing ; a 
frustration of plans ; over- 
throw, as of an army. 

Defecate, (defe-kAt) v. t. to 
purify; purge liquors from 
lees i—n, def'^i'tion. 

D«feet, (dd-fekf) b. want: 

fault; blemish ; absence of 
something neceiuiary ;— a. 
dcfcc'tive, imperfect!— flt/. 
def ec'tivcly ;— ».def cc'ti vc- 
ncsv, fauUiness;— a. defec'- 
tible, liable to defect, &c. 

Defection, (di-fek'shun)n. a 
falling away from duty ; 
failure } revolt; apostasy. 

Defence, (dc-fenn') n. pro- 
tection ; security ; guard ( 
Justification; apology ;*vin- 
[ication ; a defendant's 
plea ; art of self-defence. 

Defenceless, (de-fensies) tu 
unguarded i unarmed ; — 
ad. defeiicelesely i— ». de- 
fen celessn ess t weakness. 

Defend,Xde-feud') v. t. or t. 
to guard < protect; support; 
assert ; mnintain ; secure i 
repel; m law, to resist, as a 
claim ; to contert ;— a. de- 
fcns'ibte, maintainable; 
capable of vindication ;— 
ni. defend'er, champion; 
defend'ant, a defender; m 
law, a person accused or 
sued ; defensibleness, not 
easily assailed ; strength. 

Defensive, (de-fensiv) a. 
adapted to protect; in a 
state of defence ;— ». safe- 
guard; posture of defence; 
—ml. defens'iveh'. 

Defer,(de-fer'>v. t.toputoff; 
to delay to anotlier time; 
courteously waive objec- 
tions ; yield to the wishes 
or opinions of another;— v. 
t. to submit to ; lay before. 

Deference, (def'er-ens) n. 
yielding to another; re- 
gard ; respect ; submission 
totheopinion of another;— 
a. def eren'tial, respectful ; 
—ad. deferen'tially. 

Deflanee,(de-frans)Jt. a chal- 
lenge ; contempt of danger 

Deficient, ( de-fish'ent ) o. 
wanting ; imperfect ; — n. 
defi'ciency, a falling short; 
defect ;— iv7. deficiently. 

Deficit, (de'fi-sii) «. want ; 
balanceon the wrong side. 

Defile, (de-fll) n. a narrow- 
passage; lane;— v. t. to pol- 
lute; to make foul or im- 
pure ; to violate ; taint;— f?. 
f . to file off, as troops x—n$. 
defll'er, one who pollutes, 
ftc; defllc'ment, foulness. 

Define, (dS-fin') r. I. to fimit; 
Id mm oat } ezpUin the 

meaning, of t to determine 
with precision t— a. dctiu'- 
able, as a word »— tc. defi- 
nite, bounded ; fixed ; ex- 
act ; certain ; — ad. def- 
initely ;— «. definttencM. 

DcfinitioD, (det'i-nish'uu) n. 
a description of the essen- 
tial properties of a thing : 
an explanation pf the exact 
meaning of a word, term,&e 

Definitive, ( d€-fin'it-iv ) o. 
determinate ; final :— n. an 
adjective used to limit the 
extent of the sicnificatiun 
of a noun ;- arf. definit- 
ively, precisely, positively. 

Deflagrate, (defla-grftt) v. t. 
to burn ;— n«. dcnagni'tion; 
deflagra'tor, a galvanic m- 
stntment for producmg ra- 
pid combustion. 

Defteot, (de-flekt) v. t. or t. 
to turn aside: bend from a 
right line; dip ;— n. deflec'- 
tion, deviation, fre. 

Deflorate, (de-fld'rit) a. past 
the flowering state, as an 
anther after it has shed its 

{)olIen;— n. diflora'tion, se- 
ection : careful culling. 

Deflour, ( d^-flour* ) v. t. tq 
deprive of flowers ; to take 
away original grace and 
beauty ; to ravish. 

Defluxion, (d§-fluk'shun) n. 
a flow of liumors or fluida 
downward ; catarrh. 

Defoliation, (de-fd-li-4'sh«n) 
fi. falling of leaves. 

Deforce, (de-f6rs') v. t. in 
law, to keep out of posses- 
sion by force;— n. deforce'- 
ment. a Wrongful holding. 

Deform, (d£-fomi') v. t. to 
mar : to disfigure in form: 
— n. d€fonWity, ugliness of 
shape or character. 

Defraud, (dC-frawd') v. t. to 
cheat or deceive; to deprive 
of by fraud ; to withhold 
wrongfully; o. def Mud'ed. 

Defray, (dd-fra') v.t. to bear 
or pay, as expenses;- n. de- 
frayment, payment. 

Defunct, (d«-fungkt') a. de- 
ceased ; dead ; lifeless. 

Defy. (Ai-fV) v. t. to dare ; 
challenge ; treat with con- 
tempt ; disown ; brave ;— 
a. defl'ant, bold, saucy. 

Degenerate, fd€-jen'er-at) a. 
having declined in moral 
worth; having lo|t th« 


by Google 

All excess is ill, but drunkenness 
is of the worst sort; he that is 
drunk is not a man, because he 
is for so long void of reason, 

that distinguishes man from a 
beast. — Wm. Penn. 
All habits gather by unseen de- 
grees. — Dryden. 




noblcncM of race i—v. i. to 
•ink belpwor to be unwor- 
thy of one's ancestry i to 
fall from a nobler ataM ; to 
be or to grow vrorse ;—<id. 
degen'erately ;— n«. degen'- 
erateness, dcffen'eracy, de- 

Snem'tion. decline; moral 
11 ; state of fniilt. 

Deglutition, (dcg-in-tish'nn) 
n. act of swallowing. 

Degrade, (de-grid*) v. t. to 
deprive of office or dig- 
nity i to lower in character 
or Talue i to dingrace ;— n. 
degrad&'tion, disgrace; a 
•tale of being degraded. 

Degree, (d§-gre') n. a step : 
extent t the SOUth part of 
a circle; 69 geeeraphical 
miles ; a mark of distinc- 
tion conferred br unirer- 
sities; position; atndninent. 

Deify, (de'i-fl) v. t. to exalt 
to the rank of a deity; to 
worshiD ;— ii. deifica'tion. 

Deign, (a&n) i>. t. to conde- 
scend; V. t. to grant; allow. 

Deiitm, (de'iznt) n. a denial 
of divine revelation. 

Deist, (de'ut ) n. one who be- 
lieves in the existence of 
God, but not m revealed 
religion : — a. deist'ical. 

Deity, (de'i-ti) n. Gad, a god. 

Deject, (dC-Jekr) v. t. to cobt 
down ; tu dicpirit. 

Dejected, (^de-jekt'ed) a. cast 
.down ; dupiritcd ',—a<l. de- 
ject 'edly ;—iw. dejtfct'ed- 
uess.dejeu'tion, lowuess of 
•pints ; depression. 

Dejeuner. ( da-zhoo-nft' ) n. 
inorniufTor midday repast. 

Delay, (de-lu) r. t. to imtnfT; 
fci dcicr J to iJostponc ; to 
detains to ret* ;-d ;—f. i. tu 

!)iiW5 to linger 5 to put off 
imo i—it. hinderance ; de- 
tw'ution I R lingering. 
Delete. (Je-K-f) v. t. to blot 
out ! erase ; <le«troy ;— a. 
dcruble, erasable. 
Delectable, (de-Ickt'a-bl) a. 

dcllglitful ; I)l<;USUIg t--€ul. 
deluct'ably ; — ns. delecf- 
ableneos, dclccta'tion, de- 
light ! groat i)lcasui-e: joy. 
De[cg;itc, (dcl-5-ffttt) v. t. to 
send, as a reprcficntativo ; 
to entrust or commit to :— 
«. delega't«>n, repronenla- 
tivee Irom a district or 
state, iu a Convention, in 

Congress, or in a state leg- 
islature ;— n. a deputy: one 
deputed to act for another. 

Deleterious, (del-e-te'ri-us) a. 
destructive ; deadly. 

Delf, (delf )n. earthenware. 

Deliberate, (de-lib>r-&t) v. t. 
or t. to weigh in the mind ; 
to consider the reasons for 
and against ; to pause end 
reflect upon an action ;— a. 
circumspect; slow; advised; 
—ad. delib'erately ',—ns. dc- 
lib'erateness, delibera'tion, 
act of weif;hing in the 
mind; calmness:— a. delib'- 
erative, slow ; considerate. 

Delic«ey,((leri-ka-si}n. qual- 
ity of being delicate i scft- 
ness ; that which delights 
the sensca ; luxury : any 
dainty article of food t—pt. 
del'icacies ; — a. del'icate, 
dainty; soft; tender ; frail ; 
reoniring nice handling ; 
renned m manners j gen- 
tle; polite; nice to the taste; 
—da. del'icately ; — n. del'- 
icateness. effeminacy. 

Delicious, (de-li&h'us) a. 
sweet to the taste; very 
nice; affording exquisite 
pleasure; — n. deli'cious- 
ness ;— od. deli'ciously. 

Dclijfht. (dc-Ur) n. great joy 
or pleasure ;— y. t. to please 
hiilily ;— w. i. to have or 
lake great pleasure ; — a(l;$. 
dciight'ful. d?light'some, 
full of delight ; very pleas- 
ing;— arf. dclighrfully ;— 
n. dclight'f iilnesii. 

Delineate, (de-lin'e-&t) r. t. 
to draw the outline; dusi^i: 
paint ; portray; to describe 
nccurate'y in words ;— n». 
delined'tion, flrst draught : 
reprcscnt.itiou ; descrip- 
tion J delmei'tor, a drawer. 

Delinquent, (de-lurkwcnt) 
a. ollcnding ;— n. one who 
fails to do his duty ; offen- 
der; a criminal ;—a'^ de- 
lin ' quently ; — n. dclin ' - 
quency. fault, inindeed. 

Deliquesce, (dcl-i-kwes') r. i. 
to melt ond become liquid 
by absorbing moisture, as 
lime ;— n. defiqncH'cence. 

Delirious, (d5-lir'i-us) a. 
Y/anilering in mind ; light- 
hcded J raving ;—nf/. dc- 
lir*iously ; — n.«. delir'ioiis- 
ueus, delir'ium, wild talk 

caused by fever ; strong 
exdtomeut ; enthusiasm. 

Delitescent, (del-i-tesent) a. 
lying hid or concealed ;— 
n. dclites'cence, retirement 

Deliver, (d4-liv'er) t?. f. to 
free; to release; to utter; 
to rescue from evil or fear ; 
to communicate; to give 
forth, OS a blow ; to relieve 
a woman in childbirth;— n. 
deliv'erer ; n. deliv'eronce, 
release ; freedom. 

Delivery, (d6-Iiv'er'i) n. the 
act of delivering t a giving 
up ; the act or manner ol 
speaking ; the act of giving 
birth; the tcnderingadeciC 
ftc, in a legal form. 

Dell, (del) n. a narrow Talley 
between two hillii. 

Delude, (de-lnd') r. t. to de- 
ceive ; to mislead by arte j 
to impose on ; cheat. 

Deluge, (del'uj) «. a general 
inundation ;— v. t. to over- 
flow ; overrun ; drown. 

Delusion, (de-lu' zhun)n. act 
of deluding ; error. 

Delusive, (de-lu'siv)a. apt or 
tending to deceive. 

Delve, (delv) f . t. to dig with 
a spade ; to work haid for 
knowledge ; fathom ; sift. 

Demagogue, (dem'a-gog) n. 
a leader of the pcopic ; a 
popular, factious orator. 

Demand, (d€-nittnd') v. t. to 
claim, or seek to ohUin by 
right ; to call for ; to queit- 
tion ;— n. a claim by light; 
an asking by outhontv t 
earnest inquirr; — a. de- 
mimd'able, liable to be ask- 
ed for;— n<. deninnd'ant,. 
demand'cr, a clnimant. 

Dema r c ation . ^ d e-ni ar-ki'- 
shun) II. division of terri- 
tory ; a fixed limit. 

Demean, (de-men') v. t. to 
behnve ; conduct ; dcbave ; 
undervalue ;— ».dcmean'or, 
mien; general bearing. 

Demented, (d6-ment*ed) a. 
imbecile i infatuated ; de- 
prived of reason. 

Demerit, (de-iner'it) n. ill 
desert t crime : guilt; f aultt 
that which deserves pun- 
idimcnt or bicme. 

Demesne,(d$-ra£n') n. a man- 
or-house and land. [ 

Demi,(dem'i)a preflxiAo//".- 1 

i:i fable. 


by Google 

All people are honest when well 

All rivers run into the sea, yet 

the sea is not full. — EcCL. i. 7. 

All the brains are not in one 

head. — Itauan. 
All the operations of nature are 

gradual. — ^Bacon. 




one half human, half di- 
Yine; cfem'itone, bftlf atonet 
dem'twol/, half do^or wolf 

Demijohn, ( dttm'i-jon ) n. 
a KUM veucl holding a cnl- 

' lou or more, under Doskct* 
work for protection. 

Demise, (di-mlz') n. death ; 
a trancf erring \—v. t. to re- 
lease ; to bequeath hy will. 

Democracy. ((l£-niok'ra-si) n. 
a political party; govern- 
ment by the people. 

Democrat, (dcni'6-kmt) 
advocate of democracy ;— 
a. deuiocrat'ic, according 
to the p-ihcy of thrt party 
or its leaders i popular. 

Demolish, (dS*niorit>Ii) v. t. to 
destroy ; ovcrthi-ow ; ruin j 
— ». dcmoli'tion, Uownlall. 

Demon, (Ue'mou)n. in myth. 
an evil spirit, or genius t a 
devil ; a flend-liko man ;— 
a. demoCniaCfiufluencedby 
bad panslons ;— n. a human 
being possessed by a devil. 

Demonetize, ^di'mun^e-tlz) 
V. t. to stop the cuiuage of 
a metal by goremmeut. as 
in the case of silver, or to 
destroy its legal tender val- 
ve ;— fi. demon etlca'tion. 

Dcmonology, (dS-mon-ol'o- 

ii) n. discourse on evil spir- 
Its and their agency. 

DenM>nstrable. (dS-mon'strop 
bl) a. that may be proved; 
—iid. demon 'strubly. 

Demonstrate, (dS-mon'str&t) 
V. <. to prove to a certainty; 
to show;— ikdorn'onstrator. 

Demonstratioa, ( dem -on • 
strft'ifhun) n. proof beyond 
doubt ; a pointing out cou- 
clusively; expression of 
the feelings by outward 
sicns ; show ; a military or 
otner exhibition : outflow. 

Demonstrative, (dd - mon'- 
str&'tiv) a. conclusive, or 
certain ; gi^en to the man- 
ifestation of one's feelings; 
—ad. demon'stratively j— 
n. demon'strativeness. 

Deraoraliiation, (di-mor-al- 
f-zA'shun') n. subversion of 
morals or morale. 

Demoralize, (di-mor'aMz)«. 
t. to corrupt the moml prin- 
ciple i—ppr. nnd a. d*mor'- 
•lazing, tending to vitiate. 

Demulcent, (de-ranrsent) a. 
■irfteninie 1 soothing. 

Demur, (dc-muOv*** to hoe- 
itate ; to doubt f to object ; 
— n. stop I hesitation ;•— ». 
dcmurr'er, objection. 

Demure, (dc-mur') a. affect- 
edly modest ; grave, sober, 
staid, reservetl i—ad. de- 
murely:— n. demure'neas. 

Demurrage, ( d^mur'ij ) n. 
expense for delay in port. 

Demy, (di-mi') n. a ledger or 
writing uaper 16 by 21 in. 

Den, (den) n. a cave; a lodge 
of a Vila beast ; a place of 
privacy and meditation. 

Denary, (den'ar-i) a. con- 
taining ten ;— n. ten (10). 

Denationalize, (dc-nash'un- 
al-I?:) r. t. to divest of na- 
tional rights i to oppress. 

Denaturalize, (dS-uafu-ral- 
Iz) r. (. to make unnatural: 
to deprive of acquired or 
foreign citizenshiu. 

Dendrology, (den-drol'o-ji; 
H. natural history of treetr. 

DcnUble, (a€-nra-bl) a. that 
m:iy be denied ; false. 

Denial, (d^-nl'al) n. refusal ; 
contradiction ; rejection. 

Denier, (dt-nt'cr) who 
denies or refuses. 

Denizen, (den'i-zn) n. an in- 
habitant or citizen. 

Denominate, (d£-nom'i<n4t) 
V. t. to call ; designate ;— a. 
denominative, giving a 
name;— n. denominator, 
lower number in vulgar 
fractions; a designator. 

Denomination, (dS-nom-in- 
4'shun)n. a name ; a title ; 
a religious body ; amount 
of a coin or bank-bilL 

Denote, (di-ndt) v. t. to in- 
dicate; to sliow; to be a 
sign of; to mark; to signify 

Denouement, (da-noo'inong) 
n. the issue, event or out- 
come; unravelling of a plot 

Denounce, (de-nouns') v. t. 
to inform against or accuse 
publlely; threaten;— ns. dc- 
nuncia'tion, public men- 
aoo; threat; denun'ciator, 
oMi who denounces ;— o. 
4miyi'^iatory, threatening 

Sfiral.^ (dens) crowded; 

'. m^ ; thick ; opaque;— od. 

. mnse'l)' ;— n*. den 8e*n*»s, 
aen'sity, compactness ; the 
proportion of mass to bulk 
or volume ; closeness. 

Dent, (dent) n. a small hol- 

low ; indentation f-v. t. to 
make a dint or mark br 
means of a blow; to indent. 

Dental,(denral;flu belonging, 
relating to, or formed or 
characterised by the teeth, 
aa dental mtrgery; in ffram. 
denoting souncui akin to 
d or (, in which the tongue 
approaches the teeth ; — n. 
dental sound ;— ns. dent- 
icle, small tooth ; denf- 
ifriee, a tooth powder; 
dcnt'ist. one whq inserts 
artiflcial teeth, or a dental 
operator; tlentt$tiy, den- 
tal surjrery ; (Ienti'(to;i, 
teething ; denttcula ' tion, 
set with stnnll teeth or 
prominences liketliose of a 
saw ; — a. o'cn'tate, or rfe»- 
toted, tootlied ; notched. 

Denude, (Je-nud) v. t. to 
nuke naked ; to lajr bare ; 
— n. denudation, sti ipping, 
as subsoil, from which the 
top has been washed away. 

Deny, (de-nf^ v. t. to disown; 
refuse ; withhold ;~contraF- 
diet ; pronounce untrue. 

Deodand, (dS'o-dand) n. 
something that is forfeited 
for sacred uses. 

Deodorize, (de-6'der-Iz) v. f. 
to free from bad smells. 

Deoxidice, (dd-oks'i-<!lz) v. f. 
to deprive of oxygen. 

Depart, (di-pi.-T) v. t. to go 
away from a place ; to for- 
sake ; to part from ; to die; 
—pjpnr. and a. departing, 
vanishing; leaving;— n. the 
dmartea. the soul or body 
of a dead person ;— h. de- 
part'ure, a goingaway; de- 
cease; deviation from rule. 

Department, (di-parfment) 
n. a separate part of busi- 
ness I a bureau for public 
business ; a division of a 
country; the columns of a 
newspaper devoted to 
part of a subject or bcok. 

Depend, ( de-pend' ) v. •". to 
hang from ; to rely or rest 
on ; to trust in ;— a. depend*- 
ent. relying or resting on ; 
subject in ; subordinate ;•- 
ad. dppcnd'ently ;— ««. de- 
pend'ence, reliance, trust, 
connection ; a colony ; de- 
pendant, one sustained or 
ruled by another i alaoinL 


by Google 

AU food U good to oft, bttt im 
words are not fit to sp^ak.-- 

All the treasures of tlie earth are 

not to be €omf)ftred to th% least 
virtue of the soul. (Gr.) — Soc. 
AU the winning: is in the first 




Depict, (d«-pikt') V. e. to 
psJDt ; portm/ 1 de«crib«. 

DapilAtory, (di-pirarlor-i) o. 
tskitig hair oft ;— «. appli> 
catiDn to txkt oft hair. 

Depiction, (di-pte-»hun) H. 
leMCuin^ the quaatitjr of 
bloo.1 ill the vessels I .Aj. 
rcdueiiif the body infleiii; 
emptying thi p«)ckctortlie 
public treosurjr of money. 

DcploraMo, (de-plfifa-bi) a. 
Uiaentable; •id; vrorthyof 
regrret:— n. deplor'abloneis; 
— cKf.dc'ilor'iibly. sadly. 

Deplore, (dS-plO^) v. t. to 
bewail i Umcni; bOKiiered 
at ;—ad. deplor^ingly. 

Deploy. ( de-ploy' > v. t. to 
open out ;— t;. i. to extend 
in line, as a body o£t.-i»op*. 

Deplunte. (-.IS-piam'; r. (. to 
deprive of plnmnge. 

Depolarise, (i^pulaNls) v. 
I. to take the polarity from; 
— n. depoUi-i'^a'tion. 

Deponent, (de-pdn'cnt) a. 
layins down :— «. one w!io 
IfiVes evidence in a court o.- 
subseribe^ t> an affidavit. 

DepopnUtc, (dd-iMpu'liit) v. 
<. to dispeople; to lay Vbute; 
—V. i. to become dispeopled; 
-"ppr. depopuliting ;~pp. 
depop'ulited ;— ». depoo'- 
ula'tion, driving out or de- 
stroyiaic the people by 
sword, pestilence or falnine 

Deport, (de-pd r) v. f. to be- 
have ; to cariy away ;-*». 
deporta'tion, b inishment. 

Deportment. (d8-pu:'t'-inont) 
tt. mode of acting : behav- 
ior ; carri^e ; Coiiduct 

Deposable. ?di-odz'a-M} a. 
that m»y ne aeprivei of 
ofllse ;— n. dupo'sal. 

Depose, (di-pdz') v. t. or i. 
to dethrone t bear witness! 
take away; degrade : bring 
down from a high station. 

Deposit. (de-p67.Tt) v. t. to 

gut or set down; to lay Up; 
» place in a bank ; to in- 
trnst ^— n. that which is 
placed, entrusted or stored 
np, esp. money put in n 
bank ; a pledge ;— as. de- 
positor, patron of a bank 
or banker; depositary, a 
person or bank holding 
money or propertr in trusts 
depoMto'ry, a place where 
* anything is deposited. 

Depaeition, (di-p6-iiah'un) 
H. act of detlirouiug or de- 
grading ; an atldavit. 

Depot, Qdi-pO') tt. railroad 
station ; a stoi-ehouse. 

Deprave, (de-p>iv') v. (. to 
Corrupt vituite; mnke bad 
or worse ;— a. deprived, 
corrupt, abandoned ;— art. 
deprav'edlyj— »u. deprava'- 
tion, degeneracy ; Uepratf- 
ittf, extreitos wickedness. 

Deprecate, (dep'rC-kit) v. t. 
to pray earnestlv ngain«t t 
to t.-y to ward off; to regret 
deeply ; to forei«t"iU or en- 

treat agiinst wrath, angei . 
or calamity ;— a. dcprcca'- 
tory, apologetic;— <i<f. dep'- 
recitiiigly ;— ». dcpreci'- 
tio:t, prayer ag.Unst evilia 
beg^^ng pardon. 

Depreciate, ('li-pre'shi-4t) v. decline in value ; 
underv.Une : disp u^gu ;— 
n. rleprccia'tioi), underval- 
uing; the falling of value; 
dis;iarage!ncnt:— a. depre*- 
Ciatory. sorvi-ig to lower. 

Depredite, (iep're-d&:) v. (. 
to rob; plunder: spoilt 
waste ; — n. deprida'tion, 
t.^pasa, robbery ;— ». dep- 
reda'tor, a robber. 

Deprest, (d€-prcs'} v. t. to 
sink; humble; lower in 
a. depDinK'ive, tending to 
east dowm— rt-f. deprcss'- 
incly t— «. depi-ess'ion. low 
spirits; dejection ; abase- 
ment; a hollow place. 

Dep ive, (de-prlr') r. t. to 
t ike from ; to bereave i to 
<llK-)n*8e««:— (t. depriv'able, 
nnti i.^lienahb ;— n. depri- 
vation. lost; bereavement- 
Depth, (depth; n. deepness; 
Srofundity ; the measure 
own ward; a deep placet 
the sea ; abyss ; middle of 
aMAson ; abstmsenesi t ex- 
tent of siigacity and pene- 
tration t—a. depthiess, hav- 
ing no depth, shallow. 

Deputation, (dep-ft-ti'shnn) 
n. the nersons deputed or 
appointed to attend a Con- 
Tention or any deliberative 
body. In a representative 
capacity, or to transact im- 
nortant busioess. 

Depute, (di'piit) r. t. to tend 
by appointment, as a sub- 

Mituta or agent i to semd 
witii special powers. 

Deputy, (.dep'u-ti) n. one ap- 
pointed to KCt lu. another ; 
a repreaentative ; de'egatc. 

Derauge,cder*oj') v. I. to put 
out of order t to confuse : 
unsettle : displace; disturb: 
to disorder, as the iniiid 
when delirious or distract- 
ed ;— a. deranged', crazy; 
mad t— «. derange'meBt. 
disorder, gen eral or men tal. 

Derelict, (der'c-iikt) n. that 
which has lapeed ; anything 
relinquished t—a. wanting 
in duty; Inpeeil; forsnkefi; 
—a dorelic'tioB, fault; utter 
abandonment t desertion. 

Deride, (de-rid']^ p. (. to laugh 
at ; scorn ; ridicule ; mock ; 
—a. derisive, mocking ; 
scoffing ;— ad. dcridiiigly; 
— a. deiid'cr, a mocker. 

Derisic>n, (d«-rizh'un) a. a 
laughing at in contempt ; 
scotii ; mockery ; ridicule. 

Derivation, (der-i-vi'shun)fi. 
traein;; h word to Its n^nt ; 
transiuiMioii of anything; 
feonx its source ; a letting 
out, as water ;— n. deriv- 
able, able to be deduced. 

Derivntive, (di-riv'a-tiv) a. 
dediieed ; not radical or 
original :— a. thing or word 
derived from another. 

Dcrire, (d^-riV) v. t. to dimw 
from, as water from a river, 
or one author from anoth- 
er ; to infer ; to take or re- 
ceive from a source or ori- 
gin ; to deduce ; in etp^ to 
trace a word to its mot. 

Derm, (derm) a. the skint— 
a. dimral, pertaining to 
or consisting of the skin : 
n. derraat4)l'(igy, the branch 
of physiology which treat* 
of theskin. [tart 

Dernier, (deKni-ir) o. th*- 

Derogate, (der-d^jit) v. t. or 
i. to lessen t take from t to 
detract;— a. derog'atory. 
damaging to the character 
or reputation ; iniu:-ious ; 
— orf. derog'atortly ; — a. 
deroga'tinn, a lessening ; 
injurv : defanvition. 

Dervi»fi,(d*r'vlBli)«. a Tnrk- 
ish mendicant who pre- 
tends to ffreat ansterity. 

Dessant. Cdes-kanO v. i. to 
sing ; eomniar^ • discourse 


by Google 

An ihmg$ vit m eC Oo4. (Lat.) 

— ClCERQ. 

A little rains stills z. gf99t wind. 
All efiors bav« ocdy a tm; ^ter a 

hundred millioas of eb}ectioxii% 
subtleties, sc^hisms and lies, 
the smallest truth remains pre- 
cisely what it was before. 




niKler sereral heads, or fn 
txtento: — n. dcs'eant, a 
diacoune, air, disquisiUun 

Descend, (a£-send ) v. t. ort. 
to 00 down ; to |>«sa from a 
higher to a Iow«r place or 
condition ; to fall apon or 
ULTade ; to be deriTed % to 
proceed as from an originivl 

Pesccndaiit, (di-seud'ant) is. 
an ofTsprlng ; an issue :-^. 
descead'ent, falling; sulk- 
ing « going down i— a. de- 
•een'kion. a sinking ; falL 

PaMcnt, rde-«ont') m. alopa t 
decUTitj « ^rograea down- 
ward : inolion i attack i in- 
rasion t oirth ; iasue ; aa- 
eestrv i one generation. 

Describe, (d£-scrtb') v. I. to 
represent ; set forth i ra- 
Ute ; trace out i delineate { 
— «. d4ac:iber, a relater or 
reciter \—a. riescrlb'abla, 
alile to be depicted, Ac. 

PcScrintiim, (tle-skrip'shuQ) 
n. fict of duscfibiog ; repre- 
sentation t deftniUon i sort, 
class or kind <— u. descrip'- 
tire, containing a particU'^ 
lar flceoiint of anything. 

DeHcry,(W-tkri ) t-. t. to dis- 
cover, to Sjt>a at a distaqce ; 
to e*pv »—;♦. d£scri'cr. 

De-ecrate,(.l«B«-krit) v. t to 
divei-t from a »acie4 Pur- 
pore ( to profane ; — n. djBs • 
ccrdtion, profauation. 

Dese.-t, (d€-zerf ; m. merit i a 
descrvin;? of reward ;—v. t. 
t'> forsakaor abandon :~r. 
I. to quit a service, as the 
army, without permission ; 
— «. denert'er, a runaway. 

Dcse.-t, (dax'ert) a. wild ; sol- 
itary ;~-M. a wi'.derners i an 
unctiltivatcd region. 

Desertion, (dC-zur'shun) n. 
actof abandoninga pf r«»B, 
country, or cause. 

Desertless, f d&-zcrt'les> «. 
without claim to favor. 

D'-'serre, (d4-zerT')i». f . lo ba 
worthy of; to merit; to 
earn x—ppr. and «. d*sirv - 
ing, worthy;— pp. and a. 
deserved', merited s—cuIb. 
diserv'ingly, deservedly, 
acconling to desert t justly. 

De.hsbai«, (desHubinn. a 
earclcM undress toilet. 

Desiccate, (di-sik'it)f. (.to 
d»y upt— »'. i. to become 
diy r— <i.d«sie'oatiTa, taud- 

i»r to dry i— II. a drying ap- 
plication ;-<-». dc»icca'@oo, 
process of making dry. 

Desidarote, (de-Md'er-4t> v. (. 
V> long for or aamestly de- 
sire; to want or miss tiling* 
necessary or desirable ;— n. 
dasidera turn, a thing d^ 
sired I— ;>A deaidera'ta. 

Design, (d^zln') r. I. to 
stamp; sketch; draw a plaa 
of; contrive: intend \—n. 
a purpose; intention ; plan ; 
drawing; — fk design er. a 
projector, a plotter;— a. de- 
sign 'aOie, contrivable ; ~- 
cHf. dasign'adly, on purpose 

Designate, (des'ig-nM) v. (. 
to point out I to appoint ; 
to dutuiguish t to name \— 
n. design a'tion, a showing; 
selection ; name i title. 

Df sisn ing.f de-sIn ' in^; a. art- 
ful; iasiiiuous; mischiev- 
oua ; scheming ; deceitful i 
--n. the art or practice of 
making designs or patterns 

Desirable. (d«-slr'a-bl) o. 
worthy of desire; pleaKin;r{ 
agrecabie x^-ad. doair'ablyf 
— m dcsiKableneaa. 

Desire. (4e-zlr) n. eagemass 
to obtain ; a request { the 
object desired ; lust ;— v. (. 
to wishfor ; to ask ;— a. da- 
sir'ous, solicitous, eager. 

Desist, (de-sisf) v. i. to stopf 
cease sction ( forbear. 

Desk, (desk) n. a table for 
writers ; pulpit for speak- 
ers ; a box for stationery. 

DesoUte, (des'O-lat) v. I. to 
lay waste ; ravage ; ruin ;— 
<|. laid waste ; destitute of 
inhabitants; n. desola'tion, 
4e»tnictiou, ruin ; ad. des'- 
olately ;— n. des'olatenesa. 

Despair, ((ie-sp4r') n. k>ss of 
hppa ( great despondency ; 
utter hopelessness;—!;, i. 
to ba utterly hopeless ; de- 
spond !—«'/. despairingly. 

Desperado, (dea-per-i'do) n. 
a reckless fellow i scamp. 

Desperate, (des'per-tt) a, 
having no hope; furious; 
rash ',—ad. des'perately ;— 
fM.des'perateneas, des'pcra- 
tion, hopelessness: des|)air; 
fury; blind rashness. 

Despicable, (dea'pi-ka-bl) a. 
contemptibla; vile i mean ; 
worthless;— f^o des'pica- 
bly \~-n. dea'pieableness. 

DeapLsa, <di-splz') v, t. to 
contemn ; scorn ; dislilee j 
-'O. dcapised', disdained. " 

Despite, (de-«pir) ». malice ; 
dedanea; hatred I— i^rcp. in 
spita of ; notwUhstandlng ; 
—41. deapite'f ul. malicious ; 
scornful ;— <ic/. deapite'f ul- 
ly ;— n.de8pite'futneasw 

Despoil, (di-apoil) v. t, to 
spoil ; rob » plunder ; strip. 

Despond, (dl-spond') V. •'. to 
k>sa coursce ; to despair ;— 
a. despond'ent, despairing;: 
ffloomy ;— orfrs. desponU'- 
Utgty, despond^^ntly^— n. 
deapond'ency, dejection ; 
loss of hope and cou.-Yga. 

Despotic (des-fiot'ik) a. al>- 
ioluta in authority ; arbi- 
trary i—ad. despoi'kaUy ; 
— n. dcs'pot, aty^nt 

Despotist}!, (deii'pD-tizm) n. 
absolute power ; 1/ ranny. 

Ikspiimate, (de»'pa-mat) i>. 
i, to throw off in fonm, l^e. 

Desquamation, ( des ' k wn- 
inalshun) n. a scaling off ; 
tho separation of tiie cuti- 
cle or skin in sealea. 

Dessert, (dez-sert) a. fruit, 
coofectiuns, M., served at 

_^the clo«c of a dinner. 

Dcstinatif n. M(N»-tr^i'shun> 
n. place t.> hs reached; eud 

Destine, (dot 'tin) v. (. t<> 
doom; appoint i ordsinto 
a ccrtaiii use or state ; to 
fix I to mirk out j— a. des'- 
tiny, state predetermined; 
ultimate fate : necessity. 

Destitute, (aas't^ttlt) a. in 
want; left alone; forsaken ; 
weak ; needy f— n. destitu'- 
tion, poverty; w»nt. 

Destroy, Cdi-stror )v. I. to 
damolish ; to nun ; to put 
an end to ;— *i«. distroy^r, 
one who ruins { destruc'- 
tion, desolation » death :— 
a. destructible, perishable; 
— «. destructihil'lty. 

Destructive, (di-slruk'tfv) a. 
ruinous; deadly; trfiaehiev- 
oua;— a(/. destruc'tivdy}— 
N. destnic'tivcness. 

Deaudation. (des*Q<da'shnn) 
M. a noealimg: irruption ox 
small pimples on children. 

Desuetude, fdes'w«»tQd) n. 
discontinuance of a custom 

Desultory, ( d«^nl-tor*i ) a. 
lonso ; uQConneetadi inrop- 
iag from one thing to aa- 

WS L ' J ■ ■- ■ ■ , ] ■' ■ ■ ■ ' ■ ■ ■, ■ li I 


by Google 

A man without a home is like a 
bird without a nest. — Spanish. 

All sects are different, because 
they come from men; mordity 

is everywhere the same, be- 
cause it comes from God. (Fr.) 
— ^Voltaire. 
All water runs to the sea — It. 




other J— ad. defl'ultorilj j— 
n. dea'ultorinest. 

Detach,(dWach') v. I. to take 
from or separate i to un- 
faaten ; to disunite ; to 
withdraw ,— a. diUched'. 

Detachment, (di-tacli'ment) 
n. a bodir of troops, &c. 

Detail, (de-til') ». minute re- 
lation ; a small part ;— i>{. 
details, particular incidents 
of a transaction, erent, kc. i 
—II. t. to narrate ; partic- 
ularize; enumerate; select. 

DeUin, (di-t&n) v. t. to de- 
lay ^stop; keep ; withhold; 
— «s. detain'er, one who 
withholds wrongfully; de- 
tention, delay ; arrest. 

Detect,(d«-tekt') r. i*. to bring 
to light; to discover. 

Detection, (de-tekshun) n. 
discovery ; act of laying 
open ;— a. detect'able, dis- 
coverable; rt. detecfor, one 
who detects ;a book describ- 
ing spariouK bank notes. 

Detective, ( de-tekt'iv ) a. 
tending to detect ^-n. a 
secret policeman. 

Deter, (de-tcr') v. t. to pre- 
vent; hinder; stop by fear ; 
dissuade;— t. detei'ment. 

Deterge, (de-terj) v. t. to 
wipe off ; clean ; cleanse?— 
a^s. detergent, detersive, 
clcansine ; purging;- n. 
that which cleanses;— n. d«- 
tension, act of cleansing. 

Deteriorate, (de-te'ri-6-rAt) v. 
i. or (. to make or become 
worse;— n. deteriora'tion, 
decline in morals, fertility, 
value, regard, ht^altli, &e. 

Determinate, (<ie-tenn'in-&t) 
a. limited ; definite ; deci- 
sive;— a. deter'mlned, fix- 
ed;. decided; firm; un- 
bending ;—aas. deteKmin- 
ately, de.lnitely ; deteK- 
minedlv, firmly ; resolute- 
1v; n. determina'tion. end; 
direction to a certain end ; 
resolution ; purpose ; de- 
cision : onclusion. 

Determine, (de-term'in) r. f. 
to resolve ; decide ; settle ; 
limit ; define; to influence; 
—a. deter'minable, able to 

' be decided on or flniiihetl. 

Detest. (d«-te«t') v. f. to hate 
extremelv; in abhor;— a. 
d€test'able, abominable :— 
ad. dctesrably ;—»«. dc- 

test'ablenesa, detesta'tion, 
violent hatred; abhorrence. 

Dethrone, (d€-thr6n') v. (. to 
divest of royalty; to de- 
pose ; — n. dithrdne'ment. 

Detonate, (det'6-nat) v. t. to 
cause to explode ;— v. i*. to 
come down or explode with 
a sudden thundering re- 
port ;— 4t. detona'tion. 

Detour, (da-toor) n. a wind 
ing: a long, circuitous way. 

Detract, (de-trakt) v. t. or i. 
to lessen ; slander ; abuse ; 
—a. detrac'tive, injurious 
to the reputation ;— <ui. de- 
tracf ingly ^—ns. detractor, 
a villifler, etc.; dctrac'tion, 
slander ; depreciation. 

Detriment, (defri-ment) is. 
loss ; damage ; injury ; -<t. 
dqtrimenral. injurious. 

Detrition, (de-trish'un> n. 
a wearing away ; waste. 

Detritus, (di-trl'tus) n. amass 
of substances gradually 
rubbed or worn off solid 
bodies, smaller than debris. 

Detruncate, (de-trung^kit) v. 
t. to shorten by lopping off; 
to cut off from the trunk ; 
— 'It. ditrunca'tion. 

Detrude, (dS-trud') v. I. to 
thrust down with force. 

Deuce, (dus) n. a card or die 
of two spots ; a demon. 

Deuterogamy, (dCk-ter-og**- 
mi) n. a second marriage. 

Deuteronomy, (d'l-ter-on'fl- 
mi) n. the second giving of 
the law of Moses. 

Devastate, (dev'as-t&t) v. (. to 
lay waste ; to desolate ;— n. 
devasta'tion, ravage, waste. 

Develop, (dd-vel'up) v. t. to 
unroll ; unfold; to lay open 
by degrees i—v. t to grow 
into ; open out:— n. devel'- 
opment, gradual growth; 
event ; disclosure. 

Deviate.(d«'vi-4t) r. t. to wan- 
der ; turn aside from a cer- 
tain course; err ;— n. devia'- 
tion, variation, &c. ; error. 

Device, (di-vis') n. scheme ; 
contrivance ; a stratagem ; 
genius ; an emblem. 

Devil. ( dcv'il) n. any evil 
spirit or person ; Satan ;— p. 
t. in cookery f to pepper ex- 
cessively ; — a. dcv'il Ish, 
excessively bnd;— ot'/. dev*- 
Uinhly;— ?i. dcv'illshncRs. 

Devilry, (dov'il-ri) deviltry. 

(dev'il-tri)n«. conduct wor- 
thy of the devil ; extreme 
wickedness ; rough fun ; 
mischievous pranks. 

Devious, (de'vi-ust a. going 
astray ; from or out of the 
way ; wandering ;— a<f. de'- 
viously ;— n. de'viousness. 

Devise, (di-vix') v. (. to con- 
trive; to divide, distinguish 
or form in the mind ; io be- 
queath:— n. a bequest; will; 
— a. devis'able, eontrivable ; 
— iw. devisee", an inheritor; 
dcvis'or, one who wills 

{property ; devis'er, a con- 
river ; inventor ; planner. 

Devoid, (d§-void') a. not pos- 
sessing ; void ; empty ; des- 
titute ; free from. 

Devoir, (dcv-wawr) n. duty j 
service ; an act of civility. 

Devolve, (d4-volv'J v. t. or «. 
to roll or haul down ; fall 
by succession ; move from 
one person to onothcr ; de- 
liver over ; fall upon;— n. 
devolu'tion, a passing from 
one person to another. 

Devote, (dS-vOtO v. t. to ded- 
icate ; vow ; addict ; con;- 
sccrate; attend earnestly 
to any duty or occupation; 
to doom ; cive up wholly. 

Devoted, (dd-vOt'cd) a. ad- 
dicted; ardent; strongly 
attached i—arl. devoted'ly ; 
n.devofcdncss; n. rh voice', 
religious zealot ; bigot ; dc- 
vo'(toa,consecration ; piety ; 
prayer ; strong affection or 
attachment ; ardor ',—afiJs. 
devo'ttoncU, devout', moum 
religious; prayerful; sol- 
emn; sincere;— arf.devouf- 
ly ;— n.devoufncss. 

Devour, (dd-vourO v. t. to eat 
ravenously ; to destroy. 

Dew, (dd) n. moisture de- 
posited chiefly at night ;— 
V. t. to moisten with dew ; 
— n. deWdro:) ;— a. deWy. 

Dcwlsp, (du'lap) n. the fledh 
under an ox's throat. 

Dexter, (dek»'ter)a. on the 
right-hand side; a. dex'tral, 
right, as opposed to left. 

Dexterity, (dck»-ter'i-ti) n. 
skill; activity; expertness: 
readiness and grace of 
limb;— «. dcx'tcrpus, ex- 
pert, ready, skillful, adroit, 
subtle i—ad. dcx'tcrously ; 
— n. dcz'terousness. 


by Google 

AU truth is contained in the small 
compass of the alphabet. (It.) 
— Galileo. 

All things are artificial, for nat- 

ure is the art of God. — Sm 
Thomas Browne. 
All will come out in the washing. 
(Spanish.)— Cervantes. 




Diabcteau ( dl-Jrbo'tez ) ». a 
morbid and excessive dis- 
ciiarge of urine, fatel when 
mxsxr is secreted. 

Di i') )Ucal, (di-a-lwllk-al) a. 
wicked ; devilish ; atro- 
rioMii ;--ael. diabcricallv. 

Diacritical, (dl-a-kririk-ol)a. 
serving to discriminate. 

Di.ideni, (dl'a-dcm) n. band 
or flilct worn round the 
head ; n hvlgo of royalty. 

DiroreiiLi. Dicrcsis, (dl-cr'c- 
uii) n. the separation of one 
sylLiblo into two ; a mark 
( .) placed over one of two 
vowels to show tliat each is 
to be pronounced separate- 
ly, as ina^riaL 

Diagnosis, (dl-ag-nO'sis) n. 
tiie distinguishing a di»- 
etsc by iu symptoias; brief 
description ;— a. diagnostic, 
characteristic ;— /». a sign. 

Di.ij;on-\l, ( dl-aj^on-al ) n. a 
stnught liiie rt'-Aw n from 

or ra xny-si Jed ujcure ',—ad. 
diag'onaUv, slanting. 

Dtigram, (dra-gram) n. a 
figure or plan to illustrate 
any statement or mathe- 
matical problem : Unr«, fte. 

Diagraph, (dfa-graf) n. an 

' instrument used in per- 
spective drawing}— jL»i. -rics. 

Didl, (dial) 71. a plate to show 
the iiour by the sun's shad* 
ovr ; face of a clock, &c. 

Dialect, (di'a-lckt) n. a pecu- 
liar form or variety of 
speech ; dljcourse ; fen- 
gufige;— a. dialce'tic (il), 
pertaining to dialect, di>i- 
course, or to dialectics; log- 
ical x—(id. dialec'ticnlly. 

Dialectics, (dI-:;-lek'tiks> n. 
pL art of discussing ; that 
branch of logic which 
teaches' the rules and 
modes of reasoning »— n. 
dialectic'ian, a logician. 

Dialogue,' (di'a-log) n. con- 
versation between two or 
more psrsons, csp. of a for- 
mal or ima^nary nature; 
— n. dinrOgist (jist), the 
speaker or writer of a dia^ 
l9ffue ;— a. dialogist'ical. 

DW^sU, (dl-al'i-«is) n. the 
'" of aubttsncee 

by diffusion through a 
membranous septum or 
partition ;^pL dlal'yses. 

Diamagnetic, (dl-a-mag-nef- 
Ik) a. croM'inagnctic, ap- 
plied to any substance 
which, when suspended, 
takes an east and west po- 
sition, or one opposite to 
that of the ordinary mogneC 

Diameter, ( dl-«m'e-ter> a. a 

straight _^ n^ 

line passing ^ ^ 

through the / \ 

center of ft f 1 

circle or b 1 

other figure \ / 

and divid- V y 

iiig it into ^^— ^ 
two equal parts; the dls- 
tance through the center of 
any object;— a.d[araerrical. 
direct ; in the direction of 
the diameter ;— eu/.diaraet'- 
rically, extremely} in di- 
rect opirasition, as ideas. 

Diamond, (dl'a-mond) n. the 
most valuable of all gems 
and tlie hardest of all sub- 
ston CCS ; a four-sided figure 
with two obtuse and two 
acute angles ; a small type. 

Diapuson,(dI-a-pa'zon;}t. the 
octave or interval wliich 
includes all tlic notes of the 
scale % concoi-d of flrs( and 
last notes of the scale. 

Diaper, (dl'o-ner) n. figured 
linen; cloth for towels, 
napkins, &c.;— v. t. to vari- 
egate with figured works. 

Diaphanoiis, (di-a^'n-nus) a. 
pellucid, purc,transparent, 
clear ;— or/, diaph'anously. 

Diaphoretic, (dl-a-fe-rcfik) 
a. exciting perspiration ;— 
n. a sudorific medicine. > 

Diaphragm, (dl'a-fram) n. 
midriff; the muscle which 
separates the chest from 
the abdomen; division. 

Diarrhoea, (dI-»-re'a) ». per- 
sistent looseness of the 
bowels ;— Ov diarrhoet'ie. 

Diary, (dl'.'v-ri) n. account of 
each day's events;— n. dl'- 
arist, Writer of a diary. 

Diastole, ail-as'td-le) n. a 
placing asunder or ailation 
of the iicart, auricles, and 
arteries ; the making a short 
syllable long, -a. <uiwtt»ric 

Diithemu|I,(dl-a-thef mal) a. 
permeahle by radiant heat. 

Diatonic, (d(-e-ton'ik) a. as- 
cending or descending in 
tones J— at/, diaton'icul^'. 

Diatribe, (dl'a-trib) m. a con- 
tinued discourse or di»pu- 
tation ; abusive harangue. 

Dibble, (dib'l) n. a tool for 

Slanting seeds;— v. t. and t. 
) plant with a dibble ; to 
make holes ; to dip, as in 
angling ;— n. dibb'lcr. 

DiccpiuTous. (di-sef'a-luc) a. 
having two heads. 

Dicotyledon ,(dl-kot.i4«'don) 
n. a plant having two seed 
lobes;— a. dycotile'donous. 

Dictate, (dik'tit) v. t. to or- 
der ; to suggest ; to tell an- 
other what to say or write ; 
— n. a rule, maxim, or di- 
rection ; impulse ; com- 
mand ; oral relation to an 
amanuensis; cfictcT/or, one 
invested with unlimited 
power;— a.dictato'rial, dog- 
matic ; authoritative. 

Diction, (dik'shun) n. man- 
ner ox expression ; ittyle ; 
phraseology of a speaker. 

Dictionary, (dik'ehun-ar-l) n. 
a book in which words, ar- 
ranged alphabetically, are 
explained; a work contain- 
ing information on any de- 
partment of knowledge. 

Dictum, (dik'tum) n. auUior^ 
itative saying;-f>7. Dicta. 

Did, past tense of J)o. 

Didactical, ( di-dak'tik al) a. 
giving instruction : precep- 
tive ; teaching principles, 
ttc.;—cut. didac'ticaliv. 

Didactylous, (di-dak til-us> 
a. two-toed or two-fingered. 

Die, <dp V. ». to lose lite ; to 
perish ; Wither ; languish ; 
to become insensible. 

Die, (dl) n. a small cube used 
in gaming by being thrown 
from a box ; any small 
cubical body; hazard ;— p/. 
Dice, (dls);— n. a stamp for 
impressing- coin, &c. ; the 
cubical part of a pedestal ; 
—pi. Dies, (diz). 

Diet, (diet) n. food ; an as- 
sembly of delegates for po- 
litical or ecclesiastical pur- 
poses ;— V. I. or t. to supply 
witli food ; to eat by rule ; 
—a. dietetic, referring to 
rules for eating:— n. ditttV- 
fct, science of diet ;— n. di- 
eta'ry, allowance of food. 


by Google 

All the world is a stage, and all 
the men and women merely 
players. (As You Like It.)— 

All the water in the ocean can 
never turn a swan's black legs 
to white. — Shakespeare. 

All roads lead to the mill. — Syr. 




Differ, (dif er) r. t. to b« un- 
like, distinct, or variou*! 
to (li»ngree j— n-dif 'f erencc, 
unlikenesK ; disagreemcntt 
the point in dispute i dis- 
tinguishing qualitj ; the 
excess of one number over 
another i—f/l. disputes ;— fi. 
diff e cnt. unhkc; distinct; 
—ad. dif'ierentljr ;—a. dif- 
feren'tial, pertaining to a 

Suantit/ or difference In- 
nitely smaU (mat'*.)- 

Diacult, (dif i-knlt) a. hard 
to be done » not easily no,-- 
•uaded or pleoscd;— n. dif- 
ficulty, dispute t laboi'iou:)- 
ness I obstacle ; objection t 
th It which cannot be easily 
understood or believed ; 
embarrassment of affairs ; 
a perplexity or its cause. 

Dimdent, (dif'i-dent) a. mod- 
est ) bnshf ul ; dUtrustf Ul of 
one's nelf, or of one's own 
ability ;—<«/. diffidently ;— 
n. dif'ildence, want of con- 
fidence and self-reliance. 

Diffuse, (dif-fi^z) v. (. to 
pour out ; spread ; scatter; 
drcttlftta I publish ; — ac(Js. 
diffiUed', widely-spread ; 
loose; Vild ; diffuse', copi- 
ous; elaborate; wordy ; not 
concise •,-~ad. diffusely ;— 
n. diffune'ness ^-a. dix'fu- 
aible, capable of disper- 
sion, &c.;— ». diffus^er. 

Diffusion, (diffft'ihun ) n. 
« spreading or scattering 
abroad ; extension ;— o. dif- 
fn'slve, spreading erery 
way ;— -«/. diff u'i«Tve!y ; — 
n. diffus'lvenesSfTerbosity. 

Diz, (dig) V. (. or t. to tum up 
the earth; to eultirate with 
■ spade. &C.; to work hard 
at anything ;— n. a thrust. 

Digastric. (dl-gtJs'trik ) a. 
aouble-Dellied: applied to a 
musdo of the lower jaw. 

Dicest, Mrjct4)H. a coUee- 
tlon of laws: compendium. 

Dicest,<dMcB(') v. t. and t. to 
dissolve looa in the stom- 
ach; to soften or to be soft- 
ened by heat and moisture; 
to distribute and armngc ; 
pnspirc or classify in the 
lain'I ; think over ;— a. dl- 
{fCHt'ible ;— .7, disrcst'er. 

Digestion, (di-je«t'yun ) n. 
the dissolving of the food 
in the stolnach; onlcrly 

arrangement ; exposing to 
slow heat, &c. ;—a. diges'- 
tive, causing digestion ; 
methodizing ; adjusting. 

Digit, (dij'il) n. a finger's 
breadth or SA inch; the 12t1i 
of the diameter of the sun 
or moon ; any one of the 
nine figures;— a. dig'ital, 
denoting any number un- 
der ten, or the fingers. 

Dignify, (lig'iic-fi) v. t. to 
advance ; nonor ; exalt : 
prefer; a. dig'nified, grave, 
stfttelj, exalted, sedate. 

Digniury, (dig'ni-tar-i) n. 
one in a digni.icd position. 

Digaitv, (digit i-tl) n. eleva- 
tion 111 rank, inind, charac- 
ter or mien; cxeelience. 

Digraph, Mrgral) n two let- 
ters which express but one 
sound, as rtt in head. 

Digress, (di-gres') v. i. to tum 
from tlie main subject t to 
introduce irrelevant mat- 
ter;— n. digrcs'sion, a part 
of a discourse notupon the 
main subject :— a. digress*- 
ive, leaving the subject. 

Dihedral, (dl-hedral) a. hav- 
ing two bases or surfaces. 

Dike, (dik) n. a ditch; a 
mound raised to prevent 
inundation ;—v. t. to eur^ 
round with a bimk of earth. 

DiUpidate. (di-bp'i-dAt) r. I. 
or t. to pull down; to waste 
by decay or neglect ; to be- 
come seedy and poverty- 
stricken;— a. dilapida'ted ; 
—a. dilapida'tion, decay. 

Dilate, (di-Uf) t;. t. or t. to 
expand; extendi spread 
out; widen; to rolue at 
laive t to speak diffusely t 
—a. dil&rable i->-ru. dilatft'- 
tiou, dilo'tion, dilatabillty, 
expansion ; cxrentlbilitT. 

Ditaiorv,(dira-tor-i)a. tardy, 
sluggish ; loitering t late ; 
procrastinating ;--<uf. dil*- 
fttorily ;— n. dii^nforiness. 

Dilemma,(dl-lcm'a) n. a state 
of matters in which it is 
difficult to determine Mrhat 
course to pursue ; an argtt- 
mcnt in which the oppo- 
nent is rau^/if between two 
difficirltics ! alternative. 

Dilettante, (dil-ot-tan't4) n. 
amateur ; one who delights 
in the fine arts ;—;»«. dllot- 
tan'ti ;— «. dilettan'teism. 

Diligent, (dil'i-jent) a. con 
stant m applioution ; atten- 
tive; earnest;— cuf. dil'' 

igcntly i—n. diligence, in- 
dustry; assiduity, tec 

Diluent, (dil'd-eut) a. mak- 
ing weaker by admixture ; 
—n. that which makes thin 

Dilut3, (de-lQr) r. t. to moke 
thinner or more liquid; 
to diminish the strength, 
flavor, kc; — a. weak, thin; 
— n.dilution, a weak liquid 

Diluvial, (di-lii'vi-al) a, re- 
lating to a deluge, espc- 
ciallv to Noah's flood ;— a. 
dilCi vium, a deposit of clay 

Dim, (dim; a. not clear ; ob- 
scure; mysterious; not see- 
ing distinctly ;— r. t. to 
cloud ; to obscure:- o. dim'- 
mish, somewhat dim ^—ad. 
dim'ly;— n. dim'ness. 

Dimen&ion, (di-meu'shun)n. 
size; extent or measuT'eof 
a body i-^pl' dimensions. 

Diminish.(di-niin'ia1i) i*. t.or 
I. to make or become less ; 
to impair ; take away;— a. 
diminution, decrease; deg- 
radation ;— a. dimin'ishable 

Diminuendo, (di -min-A-en'- 
dd) a. in music, a direction 
to let the sound die away, 
marked thus > . 

Diminutive, (di-min'fl-tlv)a. 
small ; little ; narrow ; con- 
tracted ;— u. a word that 
abates, as lambkin, from 
lamb ;— a I. dimin'utively ; 
— n. dimin'ntiveness. 

Dimity (dim'i-ti) n. a kind of 
stout cotton cloth, striped 
or figured in the loom by 
weaving with two threads 
and colors in the warn. 

Dimorphism, (di-moi^nzm) 
n. a crystamziBg in two 

forvM i'^a. dimoi'phou s. 

Dimple, (dim'pl) n. a lituc 
lioUow in the cneck, chin. 
&e.;— V. t. or f. to form hol- 
lows \-~n. dim'ply. 

Din, (din) r. <. to stun with 
noise or clamor ;— a. clat- 
ter ; incessant sounds. 

Dine, (din) v. t. to eat dinner; 
— r. f. to give a dinner to; 
— ». din'ner, chief meal. 

Ding, (ding) v. t. and L to 
urge with constant itera- 
tion t to ring or sound;— a. 
ding'donp, the sound <rf 
bells ringing t monotony/ 


by Google 

A maa without thought for the 
future must soon have present 
sorrow. (Chinese.)— Con. 

A man travels as far in a day as 

a snail in a -hundred years.--- 
Although the tgg be small, a 
bird comes out of it. — Gael. 




Dingle, (dlDg'gl) n.aTalle7. 
swini^nff back aud forth. 

Dingle^litngr*. (ding'gl- 

Pingpr. (din'ji) a. du»ky ; 

XMnt, (dint) n. tiit maik of a 
blow t forca t sower i-^v. t. 
to maka a hollow ; indent. 

Dioceae. (dr6<««») u. the jur- 
ndictioa of a bi«hop ;— a. 
dio'cetan i—n. a bixhop. 

Dioptrical, (dl-op'trik-al) a. 
tluit may be seen through; 
assisting the sight ;— a. pi. 
diop'trieSf the science oi 
the properties of light in 
paaaiog through different 
mediuraa. aa water, etc 

Diorama, (dM>>r&'ma) «i. ex> 
hibitioa of paintings, ta* 
ried 1^ a change of light;— 
a. dioram'ie, aa a ♦ Tiew.' 

Dip, (dip) f. f. to plunge into 
any liquid for a moment ; 
to Udie ;— V. i. to sink ; to 
enter sUghtly ; to look cur- 
sorily i to incline;— ft. in- 
clination downward ;— ». 
dipp'er, a vessel ; a bird. 

Dipnthong, <dip'thong) n. a 
union of two Towels in one 
sound t—a. diphthongal. 

Diphtheria, (dif-tlie'ri-s) n. a 
disease in which the air 
paxftnges (throat) become 
inflamed and corcred with 
a leatheiy-Iiko membrane. 

Diploma, <di-pld'nui) a. a 
writing conferring some 
honor or privil«ce. 

Diploroncy, (di-pld'nuuci) n. 
the art of negotiation ; po- 
litical skill ;— a. diplomat- 
ic, courteous i adroit in af- 
fairs ;-^ii. a minister at a 
foreign court i—pL science 
of deciphering ancient 
writings t — na. diplomat, 
dipki'ioatist, one skilled in 
diplomat^ or state-craft. 

Dipsomania, (dip-sA-m&'ni«) 
ft-insane thirst for alcoholio 
stimulanta 1— f torn Diptan. 
a snake whoae bite ia said 
to cause intense thirst 

Dipteran, (dip'tirmn) n. an 
insect with only two wings, 
as flies t— pi. dip'terai— a. 
dip'timl, niplarous. 

Dire, (dir) direful, (dlr-f661) 
a, dreadful t fearful ; ca- 
lamitous i dismal 1 a(^dir«'« 
fully i—ii. dire'f ulneaa. 

Direct, (di-rekr) a. straight; 
riglit in the line of descent; 
outspoken ; sin cere;— V. (.to 
order ; regulate ; keep, aim 
or lay quite straii;;ht; guide ; 
mark with the name and 
residence of n person t— 
ad. directly, immediately, 
Jte.; n. direcf lies*, atrmight- 
ness, eaudor;— a. dirccTire, 
^ring directions. 

Direction, (di-rck'shun) n. 
order; aim; the course in 
which anything inoTea < 
guidance; comnund ; body 
of persons who manage a 
matter; tlie written name 
and residence of a person j 
—n, direc'tor, manager of 
a bank orothcr institution, 
<cc.; — a. dirccto'riiil, per- 
taiiiiug to a board of direct- 
ors, as those of a bank, 
raili^Kid, &c.; serving to 
guide;— ». directory; a 
n»t of the InhabitantH end 
residences in a city, kc.\ a 
guide ; a contmllin^ body; 
—a. guiding ; ordering. 

Dirge, (derj)w. af uneralaong 
or inoumtul hymn. 


Dirt, (dert)is. earth; anyfotil 
matter ; — r. f. to make fil- 
thy ;-a.dlr>, fouhfiUhy; 
mean ;— p. f.aoilwith dirt; 
—ad. dirtily;— N. dirtiness 

Disable, (dis-a'bhv. (. to do, 

Erive of strength or com pe- 
rn t power or means ;— n. 
disability, weakness; want 
of legal qualiftcation. 

DiHabuse, (dls-a-bazO v. t. to 
free from mistake i to uu- 
deceive ; set right 

DisedTantflge, (dis-ad-Tan'- 
tij) n. loMi unfavorable 
state; injury;— a. disad- 
vantig'cons, unfavorable 
to success ;— od. disadvan- 
(ig'eously, uuprofitably. 

DiMifcct, ( diMf.{ekt') v. I. 

' to ranke discontented t— a. 
disalTecfcd. unfriendly ; 
hostile \—ad. disafCect'ed- 
Iv ;^n. disaifec'tion, dis- 
like ; wantof friendlinesa i 
diMloyalty ; hostlKty. 

Di<*a(Bnn, (dis-af-femO v. (. 
to deny; to contradict 

Dinagrce, f dis-:»-(fre' ) r. t. to 
differ or be at variance. 

Diaaffroenble, (lis-a-zri'a-bl) 
a. unpleasant ; oSeoalve i 

— <u/.disagree'ably ;— «. di*- 
agree'ablencs8« rarlineta. 

Ditfigreement, ( di«-«-fri'- 
ment) n. difference ; un- 
suitaSleness i dispute. 

Disallow, (dis-aUoW) v. (. 
to diaapprove i reject i ro- 
fuse permission to;— a. 
disallow'abte. not permis- 
sible« n.disaUow'anee, dis- 
approbation I rejeetion. 

Disannul, ( disHm-uul') v* <• 
to moke void; to annul ;— 
a. diMinnul'mcnt rcpoiL 

Disapiiear. (dis-ap-peO "• <• 
to vani»h from right ^-n. 
disappear'anee, vanishing. 

Disappoint (dis^ep-poinr) v. 
(. to defeat of expectation ; 
to frustrate ; — n. disap- 

Coinfiucnt, the defeat of 
opcst miscarriage. 

Disapprove, (diiwip-prooV) 
r. t. to dislike ; to give an 
unfavorable opinicm of; 
to reject \~-ad. disupprov'- 
i ngly ;— m. disapprobation , 
diiwppmv'al, censure; dis- 
like ; Condemnation. 

Disarm, (dis-arni') v. t. to 
deprive of arms ; render 
dcienceleaa or hamilcKS ; 
quell ;— n. disann'amcnt. 

Disarrange, (ditt-e-rinj') r. t. 
to put out of order; con- 
fuse \—tu disnrrange'mect 

Disarrav, (dis-^r&'^v.'.throw 
into disorder ; to uinlrcss ; 
— n. confusion ; undress. 

DiMusociate, (dis.«»-flo's]u-4t) 
v.t. to disconnect ; di::<joiu. 

Disaster, (diz-as'ter) n. un- 
fortunate event ; calamity ; 
— a. disas'trous, unproci- 
tious;— acf. disaa'trovsly. 

Disavow, (di»4i-Yow') r. t. to 
disown ; deny ; — n. di/w- 
vow'al, rejection; dcniaL 

Disband, (oia-band') v. <. or 
i. to disperse ; brfeak up. 

Disbar, (dis-bar') v. (. to ax- 
pel a lawyer from the bar. 

DisbeUcf, (dia b^4«f ') n. ic 
f usal or want of belicfr^ 

DisbeUevc, (dis-bMiv-) r. I. 
to discredU i to deny r— n. 
disbeliever, an infidel. Jte. 

Disburden, (dia-buKdn) vi. 
t. to unlosid ; discharge i 
—V. t. to tr\M the mind. 

Disburse, (dis-burT) v. t. to 
expend money ;— n. dia- 
burse'ment outlav ; ex- 
penditure ;— n. disDum'ce. 


by Google 

All violence, all that is dreary 
and repels, is not power, but 
the absence of power. — Emer. 

All virtues are in agreement; all 

vices are at variance. (Latin. 
— Senkca. 
Although the sun shines, leave 
not thy cloak at home. — G. H. 




Discard, (dis-kard') r. t. to 
ditimkn ; cast off i to reject. 

Discern, (dia-crn') v. t. to 
««e ; descrv i aistinguieh 
clear Ijr bj the eye or uu- 
deratanduiK 5 to judge ;— 
tuifs. discera'ible. thatniajr 
be seen ; ducern'inp, saca- 
Gioua« judicious ;— It. uia- 
cem'ment. judgment. 

Discharge (dis-charj') v, t. 
to disniibB ; te set free or 
ftcqiiit ; to let out or emit ; 
to unload; ta fire «— n. a& 
unloodiitr ; dismissaL 

DiMipIe, <difl-srpi') n. a de- 
vout learner, echolar or fol- 
lower ;—n. diici'j)lcsliip. 

DiMCipliiie, ( dis'si-plin ) «. 
instruction and govcra- 
nicnt; misfortune; punish- 
ment;— v. I. to iUhtiTlct, 
train; ^vcrn; chnstiso;— ^ 
tidis. dis'ciplinable, tmct- 
able ; easy to learn ; dis- 
cipliuar}', nerving for gov- 
ern meat, 4c.:— n. disciplin- 
a'rian, a ri^id teacher. 

Disclaim, (dis-kl&m') c. t. to 
disown 5 to renounce. 

DiMclaimer, (dis-klara'er) m. 
denial or renunciation. 

Disclose, <dia-kl4>z> v. c to 
reveal-, unveil ; divulge. 

Disclosure, (dia-klO'zhur) n. 
a revealing ; discovering. 

Discoid, {di»'koid> n. or a, 
anything ia the form of a 
diac idiM); a.dis'coua, flat. 

Discolor, («li»-kul'er) o. <. to 
Gnge or change color i—n. 
discolora'tion, stain; — a. 
discol'ored, soiled, tinged. 

Discomfit, (dis-kum'fit) v. t. 
to rout; defeat ; balk ; dis- 
concert ;— «. discom'fiture, 
defeat; frustration. 

Discomfort, (dis-kum'furt) 
J«. uneasiness; disquiet; 
pain; sorrow ;— p. t. to dis- 
turb peace or happiness. 

V. t. to incommode, annor. 

Discompose, (dis-kom-p5z') 
c. t. to ruffle; disturb; 
agitate :— «. discomposed'. 

DiHComposnrc, (dis-kom-p«'- 
zhur) n. dinorder ; disturb- 
ance; agitation ; <!i«quiet. 

Disconcert, (dis-kon-sert') v. 
t. to interrupt order or de- 
sign ; unsettle or confuse 
the mind ; defeat ; baffle. 

Disconnect, (dis-kon-nekf) 

V. I. to disunite ; to sepa- 
rate »— n. discimnec'tion. 

Diucoasolate. <dij»-kon'b6-lat> 
a. comfordeas « hopeless ; 
sad ;—ad. diaoon'solatcly ; 
— /t. discon solateneas. 

Discontent, (dis-kon-tenf) n. 
unejtsiness ; dissatisfaction ; 
—v. U to make uneasy ; to 
disquiet ; — a. discontcnf- 
ed, uahappy ; — ad. dis- 
content'cdly ^— fu. discon 
teut'edness, discontent- 
ment, uuecsincsBof mind. 

Discontinue, (dis-kon-tin'u; 
r. <. or «. to leave off ; to 
cease; drop; put an end to; 
— tu. discontin'uancc, <li»- 
coutinua'tion., cessation. 

Disconl, X^is'kord) a. dis- 
agreement; dissonance;— 
A. dlscord'ancc. want of 
harmonjr ; — a. discord'ant, 
jarring; inconsistent;— oc/. 
discord'antly, harshly. 

Discount, (dts'kounf) n. a 
deduction made for inter- 
Cfct in advancing money on 
a note, &c. ; a sum token 
from on account; partial 
disbelief of a statement. 

Discount, (dis-kounf) v. «.to 
allow discount; deduct; 

Say back ; to lend and dc- 
uct the interest at the 
time ;— ». i. to practise dis- 
counting;— a. discnnnt'- 
able, bankable ; to be re- 
ceived with allowances. 

Discountenance, <dis-koun- 
te-nans) v. t. to discourage ; 
to abash; to refuse support 
to ; — rt. cold treatment. 

Discourage, (dis-kur'aj) v. t. 
to dishearten ; to depress; 
to dissuade;— n. discour"-. 
iy5ement,de3cction ;dissua- 
eion ;— a. disoour'aging. 

Discourse, (dis-kOrs') n. ser- 
mon ; conversation ; trea- 
tise ;—r. I. to utter;— f. I. 
to converse; reason; treat. 

Discourteons, <di»-knrfyn«> 
a. uncivil, harsh, rude; aa. 
discnm-Teously ; — ns. dii*- 
eourt'couflness, discourt'- 
exy, incivilihr ; disrespect. 

Dit-cover, (di*-kaT'er; r^ t. to 
find out ; disclose % reveal ; 
— n. disc-oVerer; — cdificov'- 
erable, that may be found 
out ; apparent ;— n. discov- 
ery, revelation ; knowledge; 
acquisition of new facts. 

Discredit, (di;i-kred'it) n. ill- 
repute ; disgrace : want of 
credit x—v. L todiiibelieve; 
to di^xacc \—a. diiicrcd'it- 
able, injurious to reputo- 
tion y—wi. discred'ltably. 

Dincreet, (ds-kretO n. pru- 
dent; Judicious ;— oc^ dis- 
creetly ;— «. discreet'ness. 

Discrepant, (dis'krep^mt) a. 
different ; disagreeing ;— 
ns. dis'crepnncy, dis'crejv 
ance, as in accounts which 
do not agree <>r balance. 

Discrete, <dis-kr6t') a. dis- 
tinct ; separate ; opposite 
of concrete ^-o. discret'ive. 

Discretion, (dis-kreah'un) «. 

{)nulence; judiciousness; 
iberty to act at pleasure ;— • 
adja. discre'tionary, dis- 
cre'tional, left to choice ; 
unrestrained ;— arfJJ.di^c^•'- 
tionarily, discrefionnlly. 

Discriminate, <di»-krini'in- 
dt) r. t- to distinguish ; to 
separate ; to note the dif- 
ference ; to select from 
otiiers ;— 17. ». to make a 
difference or distinction :— 
adja. discriin'inative, dis- 
crrmlnating, just; making 
wise distinctions \—ada. dis- 
crim'inatively, difcrini'in- 
atcly ;— tu. diM:rimina'tioa, 
ability to discern ; acuta- 
ness ; discernment ; wis- 
dom : discriminator, judge. 

Discursive, (dis-kurs'iv) a. 
roving ; irr«rular ; desul- 
tory ; proceeding regularly 
from premises to conclu- 
sion ; — <td. discur'^ively ; 
— n. diacur'sion, a rainbling 

Discuss, <dis-ku8') v. t. tQ 
examine in dctuil, or by 
disputation ; to deMto ; to 
•ift;—ft.di5cus'Bion .debate; 
disquisition : controversy ; 
ill mirg., dispersion of a 
tumor : — arija. disscus'sive, 
discu'tient, nerving to dis- 
cnssor to disperse tumors. 

Disdain (dis-dan') :>. scorn i 
'aversion ; haughty con- 
tempt ;— r. t. to ecom ; de- 
spise tulight; reicct as un- 
worthy or unsuitable ;— «. 
disdain'f ul , con tcin ptuous ? 
—ad. disdain'fully • — n. dia- 
dain'fulness, contempt. 

DiRease, (diz-ez') n. pnin t 
illness ; cause of pain ; 
malady ; disorder or want 


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All work and no play makes 
Jack a dull boy. All play and 
no work makes him an idle toy. 

A little spark kindles a great fire. 

Always rise from the table with 
an appetite, and you will never 
sit down without one. — Penn. 

A litigious man, a liar. — Fr. 




of health in mind or body; 
—a. diseMed\ unhealthr. 

Disembark, (di»«m-Mrk') 
V. t. or i. to put or go on 
Bhore ; to take out of a ship ; 
to land ;— >u. disembarka'* 
tion, discmbark'ment, «ct 
of going ashore, etc. 

Diseni bar rass,(dift-em-b&r'8s) 
t». t. to rid of perplexity. 

Disembody, (dis-em-bod'i)t». 
t. to divest of a materiel 
body ;— <i. disembodied, di- 
vested of body, as the soul. 

Disembogue, (dis-cm-bOg^ v. 
t. to discharge at the mouth, 
as a stream, lake or river ; 
~-n. discmboguc'ment. 

Disembowel, (dis-cm-bow'el) 
V. t. to take out the inside. 

Disembroil, (di8-cm-broir)v. 
(. to free from confusion. 

Disenchant.(dis-en-chant') v. 
t, to free iroin delusions;— 
n. disenchanf mcnt. 

Disencumber, (dis-cn-cum'- 
bcr) V. t. to disburden ;— 
n. disencuin'branre. 

Disengage, (diri-cn-gftjO v. t. 
to free from tics ; release ; 
extricate ;— a. disengiged', 
unemployed ; — n. disen- 
gnge'mcnt, leisure. 

Ducnnoble, (dis-cn-nO'bl) v. 
t. to degrade, lower. 

Disentangle, (dis-cn-tang'gl) 
V. t. to loose ; to free irom 

Serplexity; reduce to or- 
er;.unravcl ; to set free j 

— n. discntang'lemcnt. 
Discnthrone, (ai8-en-thr6n') 

V. t. to dethrone ; depose. 
Disentomb, (dis-en-toom') v. 

t. to take out from a tomb. 
Disen trance, (dis-en-transO 

V. t. to awaken from deep 

sleep, or from a reverie. 
Disesteem, (dis-es-tim') n. 

want of esteem ; disr^ardi 

— w. t. to disapprove. 
Disfavoi*, (dis-ia'-vur) n. dis- 

Slensuro ; dislike ;— v. f. to 

Disflgure, (dis-fig'fir) v. t. to 
deform ; to mar ; to mrJm; 
— n». disfigura'tion, disfig- 
nre'ment, a defacement of 
beauty ; deformitv. 

Disfranchise, (dift-fran'chiz) 
r. f. to deprivo of the 
rights, privileges or vote of 
a free citizen ;— n. disfran'- 
chiRCtnent, civic diwability. 

Disgorge, (dis-gorj') v. t. to 

Tomit ; to ponr forth ; to 
give up what has been 
seized ;—«. disgorge'ment. 

Disgrace, (dis^ras'J n. dis- 
favor I dishonor i ihame ; 
— i;. t. to put out of favor ; 
to bring a reproach or 
shame upon ;— a. disgrace'- 
f ul, shameful i base )— oJ. 
disgrace'f ully ; — n, dia- 
groce'f ulness, dishonor. 

Disguise, (dis-glz') n. false or 

. counterfeit appearance i a 
dress to conceal \—v. t. to 
mask; to disflsrure t— a. 
disguised', artfully hid; not 
shown ;— n. disguisc'ment. 

Disgust, (dis-gust^ n. dis- 
taste ; disrelish ; aversion! 
— r. t. to excite dislike ; 
displease ; offend the taste ; 
'-adlis. disiipist'ful, dis- 
rust'ing, odious ; hateful % 
loul \—ad. disgusf ingly. 

Dish, (dish) n. a Tcsscl to 
serve food in \ a plate ; 
the food in it ; a particular 
kind of food ;— r. t. to put 
a meal in dishes x—put tn a 
dishf (colloq.) put into a 
*• fix," or frustrated. 

Ditheartcn. (dis-hdrt'n) v. (. 
to discourage ; deject ; de- 
press ',—a. disheart'ening. 

Dishabille, ( dis-a-bil' ) n. a 
lady's loosn morning dress. 

Dishevel, (de-shev'I) v. t. to 
spread the hair loosely. 

Dishonest, (dis-on'est) a. not 
honest ; wanting integrity i 
faithless ; mean ; disposedto 
cheat ; insincei-e ; — ad. dis- 
hou'cstly ;— n. dishon'esty, 
knavery, fraud ; deceit 

Dishonor, (dis-on'ur) n. re- 
proach ! disgrace ;— t*. U to 
seduce; degrade i stain the 
character ; refuse payment 
of, aa a note, etc.;— a. dis- 
hon'orable, base $ mean { 
untrustwortlty ;— ocf. di»- 
hon'orably, folscly. 

Disincline, (dis-in-klInO v. U 
to excite aversion ; deter } 
mako unwilling ;— a. dis- 
inclined', averse;- n. dia- 
inclina'tion, dislike. 

Disinfect, (dis-in-fektO v. t. 
to purify from infection ; 
— n. disinfec'tion.a making 
pure s — n. disinfecf ant, 
anything that destroys the 
causes of infection, ur bad 
smells in sewers, &c. 

Disingenuous, (di»>in-jcn'u- 
us) a. illiberal ; unfair ^ 
eraftfr ; — ad. disingcn'u- 
ously ;— n. disingenuous- 
ness, want of frankness. 

Disinherit, (dis-in-her'it) v. 
U to cut off lawful heir* by 
will I — R. disinher'itance. 

Disintegrate, (disdntS^rftt) 
V. t. to separate into Tnte- 
gmnt parts;— a. disin'te- 
grable ;— it. disintegra'tioo. 

Duinter, (dis-in-ter*) v. t. to 
take out of a grave ; bring 
from obscurity into view; 
— n. disintei^ment. 

Disinterested, Tdis-in'ter-est- 
3d) a. having no private 
interest or bias ; impartial: 
'-ad. disin'terestedly ;— ». 
disin'te restodn ess. 

Disinthral,(dis-in-thrawl') t>. 
t. to free from oppression ; 
— n. disinthral'ment. 

Disjoin,(di8-ioin') r. t. to part 

Disjoint, (dis-joinf) v. t. to 
separate united parts; to 
break the natural order or 
relations of things; to 
make incoherent ;— a. dis- 
join fed, parted : inconsist- 
ent ;— n. disjolnt'cdness. 

Disjunct, ( dis-jungkt' ) a. 
separate ; distinct \—h. dis- 
junction, a parting; dis- 
union I— a. disjunc'tive. 
disjoining ; tending to 
separate ; in gram, uniting 
sentences but disjoining 
the sense; a. diejunc'tively. 

Di»k, Disc, (disk) n. the face 
of a round plate ; the face 
of a celestial body. 

Dislike, (dis-llk') n. aversion ; 
disinclination ;— v. t. to 
disapprove ; to hate. 

Dislocate, (dis'lo-k&t) i;. t. to 
displace; to put out of 
joint ;— a. dislocated ; — n. 
disloca'tion, removal of a 
joint from its socket. 

Dislodge, (dis-loj') r. t. to 
drive from a place of re- 
treat or defence ; to put to 
flight ;— n. dislodg'ment. 

Dislgyal, (dis-loy'ul) o. not 
true to allegiance; faith- 
leas ; treacherous ; ~ ad. 
disloy'ally ;— n. disloy'alty. 

Dismal, (diz'mal) a. dark ; 
calamitous; sorrowful; 
gloomy -,—ad. dis'mnlly. 

Dismantle, (dis-man'tl) v. i. 
to strip of drees or funil> 


by Google 

All who joy would win, mu^t 
share it; happiness was born 
a twin. — Byron. [dark. 

At the foot of the candle it is 

All wordly shapet shall melt in 
glopm, the sun himself must die. 

Although it rains, tjurow sot 
away the watwng-pot.—G. H. 





turc {--a. di«inan'tted, tin* 

~ figged, as a ship or balk. 

DiKinask, (dU-uiask') v. (. to 
remove a dUguied from. 

Dismast, (dis-muf) v. L ki 
deprivo of a mast or niasts. 

DiMmoy, ( dis-ma' ) v. t, to 
discourage « to dishearten i 
— M. loss of courage ami 
strength tlirou^h fear. 

Ditfmeiuber. (du-meni'biv) 
I*, t. to cut ou a limb from 
the body I to dujoint « to 
tear to pieces;— n. disiuem'< 
bennent, a partition of a 
country, or a taking limb 
from limb ; dissection. 

Dismiss, (dis-mis') v. (. to 
tend away ; to discharge ; 
to discard ; to remove »— iM. 
dismis'flion, dismis'sol. 

Dismount, (dis-mounf) v. 
i. to .ilignt from a horse i 
to descend from any ele- 
vated jilace i—v. (.to throw 
off their carriages, aa can- 
non; to unhorse. 

Didobedienco. (dis-0-bi'di- 
ensj n. neglect or refusal 
to obey »— a. disobo'divnt. 

Disobey, (dis-O-Wi')v I. to 
break eommands; to trana- 
grcfts J to refuse to obey. 

D&oWiffo, (dis-O-bllj') r. t. 
to offend by unkindncss 
or incivility j to do some- 
thing against the wishes of 
another t to injure slightly; 
—a. disobllK'ing. selHsh ; 
nnaccommodatinc ; — aef. 
disoblig'ingly, unkindly. 

Di«>rder, (dis-oi^der) n. cofi- 
f tisinn ; tumult; disease; 
— r. t. to derange ; disturb; 
make tick;— a^ii, disor'- 
dered, indisposed ; mental- 
ly deranged i disor'derly, 
slovenly ; irregular i net 
roetrained ; lawlecs ;—a<f. 
confusedly » lawlessly. 

Disorgan i te, (dis-or'gan-Ix) 
■ r. t. to denrage an or- 
ganized body I to break 
up a union of p'lrte :— n. 
duorpraniza'tinn, disorder. 

Disown, (dis-On') t'. t. to 
deny ; to renounce ; to re- 
fuse to acknowledi;e as be- 
longing to one's self iprrt. 
disdwned', repudintcd. 

Disparage, (di«-»mr'ftj) v. t. 
to decry unduly ; to dis- 
honor by roniparlaon with 
what is inferior « to de- 

grade ; to undervalue ;— 
2t//. diiipar'igiugly;— M. dis- 
pajf'O^cmenr. reproach. 

Disparity, (dia-par'i-ti) n. 
incquaUty ; iinlikcness ; 
ditlerence in any respect. 

Dispart, (diiuparf) v. t. or t. 
to part ; divide ; separate. 

Dis passion nte, (dis-pash'uu- 
il) o. composed ; calm ; 
impai tiol ; — at!, disjposs'- 
ionotcly ;— m. dispass'ion. 

Dispatch, (di<<-pach') r. (. to 
send ewuy; to execute 
or kiU speedily ;— n. a mes- 
sage ; rapid iHrformance. 

Dispel, (dis-pcr) v. t. to drive 
away ; to disperse. 

Dispensation, (dis-pen-sA'- 
shun) n. the act of dealing 
out ; distribution of good 
and evil in divine govern- 
ment ; license i a system. 

Dispensary, ( dis-pens'-ar-l) 
n. institution lor di«pcn»- 
ing medicine gratis. 

Di-opensatory, ( dis - pens'a- 
tor-i) a. granting dispensa- 
tion i— »i. a book of rt-cipes. 

Dispense, (dis-pens') v. t. to 
divide out in portions ; to 
distribute ; to administer ; 
—a. dispcnK'able. that may 
be got along without ; dis- 
pense wkh, to permit the 
want of J to do without j— 
n. dispcns'er, a giver. 

Di!<people, (dis-pe'pl) r. I. to 
depopulate a country. 

DispermouK. (dl-pi)€rm'us)a. 
having onlv two l^ecds. 

Disperse, (dls-pcrp) v. t. to 
scatter; to spread about; 
to cause to vanish ;— r. i. to 
separate; to disappear;— 
tis. dispers'cr. dispcr'sion, 
state of beiiig disnerscd i 
In med. the removal of iur 
flommation » in optics, the 
semration of liglit into it^ 
diacrent raya ; — a. disr 
pcrs'ive, tenuinc to scatter. 

Dijpiiit, (dis-pir-it) v. t. to 
discourage ; to deprive of 
hope or good spirits. 

Diiplace, (dis^loe') v. 1. to 
put ont.of place ; remove ; 
— f. displaee'ment 

Display, (din-pli') v. t. to 
ppreod open ; exhibit ;— n. 
exhibition, a displaying or 
unfolding ; ostentatious 
#how ;— ft. displny'cr. 

Displease, (dis^ilcz') v. t. to 

Jive oUcnce to ;— i;. i. to 
isgust I to raioe avei-sion ; 
—a. displea:i'ing, disagree- 
oule ;— n. displens'ure, of- 
fense ; anger t disapitrobo- 
tion : cause (*f initatiun. 

Displume, (dii>-n'(J6in) v. t. 
to deprive of fcatliers. 

Dispone, (dis-pone) v. t. 
<law)tomake over to an- 
other { to convey legally. 

Disport, (dis-pOif) u. play ; 
sport ; postime ;— r. i. or t. 
to divert ; amuse ; enioy 

one's self ; to move gayly. 

1, (dis-pOznl) n. 

power of DCfctowirg; reg- 


ulmtion ; mann^cnicnt. 
Dispose, (Ji3-;)0;'O v. t. to 

Slacc ; to incline ; to sell : 
istribute ; apply to a par- 
ticular purpose ; to adapt ; 
bestow ; — a. diitpoK'noIc. 
free to bo used ; not en- 
gngcd ; to dtepose of. to ap- 
ply to any purppse; to part 
with; to place i^ an^' con- 
dition i— rt. dispos'er. 

Disposition, (dis-p6-zish'un) 
n. Older; method; ar- 
rangement ; n giving over 
ip another; temper; utat? 
of mind ; natural tend- 
ency; inclinution ; humor. 

Dispossess, (dis-poz-zes') v. (. 
to put outof posscMiou ;— 
u. dispos'session, loss. 

Dispraise, (dis-pr&z) n. re- 
proacU ; censure ; blame. 

Disproportion, (dis-prO-pOr'- 
shun; n. want of syin. 
metry ; inequality i—v. L 
to make unsuitable io 
form, size, ftc.; to join un- 
fitly i—aclfs. disproiior'tion- 
oble. dinpropor'tionol, div 
propor'tion&te. unequal ; 
uniymnietrical ; unsuitable 
to something olao in somt 
respect i-—aa». dispropor'^ 
tionallv, disproportionate 
ly ; II. dispropor'tlonateness 

Disprove, (flis-nroov) v. t. to 
prove to bo false ;— n. dis- 
proor, rof ut^ticn. rebuttal 

Disputation, (di»-pQ-ta-«hun) 
R. the Oft of disputing; ar- 
gument t debate ; — tulfs. 
disputa'tious, dupufotivc, 
inclined ta cavil or contro 
vert i—ad. disputa'tiously i 
— n. disputa'tiousncss. 

Dispute, (dis-pat) v.t.or i. 
to debate ; to contend ; tft 


by Google 

A iOka of words, and not of 
deeds, is like a garden full of 
weeds. [Chinese. 

Among mortats who is foultkss ? 

Always pnt tke saddle on th«i 

right horse. 
Among men ot honor ^ word is 

a bond. 




think diiferentl/ ; opposi 
by arguinenti— M. acoutCKt 
with \ford«; coiitrovcrtv;— 
a. disputable, of doubtful 
eertaiaty ;— «. dis'putoble- 
neu ;—-hd. dis'putsbly i— 
n$. di«'putant, dis'putcr, 
one who controTefts. 

Diaqualify. (dlB-kwoH-fl) v. 
t. to make unfit ; disable ; 
— h. dUaualiflda'tiou. 

Du)l,ui6t. ((iis-kwi'et) r. f. to 
OMturb ; to make anxious ; 
— n. restleKsness ; uneasi- 
li6»s ; — a. disqui'eting. dis- 
turbing ',—n. disquietude. 

DitquisUioD. (dis-kwi-zish*- 
iin)n. a careful and for- 
mal inquiry into any ihat- 
ter by arguments, &c. ^ an 
claborale essay ; writing. 

Disregard. (di»-rc-gA:d') n. 
want ox attention ; neg- 
lect ;— I'. (. to slight : not to 
take notice of; to deepiso:— 
a. di«rcgard'f\il. heedless. 

IHsrClish, (dis-rel'ii>h) n. dis- 
taste s— f. t. to dislike. 

Disrejiair, (dis-; e-piKj i*. di- 
lapidation i disorder. 

Disreputable, (di»-fen'fi-ta- 
bl) a. disgraceful ; shame- 
ful; unbecoming ;—<u/. dis- 
rep'utably ;— «. disrepute', 
discredit, dishonor. . 

Disrespect. (dis-ri-epektO n. 
want of reverence ; in- 
civility i—v. t. to slight ;— 
a. disi-espccrful, uncivil ; 
— m/. disrespcct'luUy. 

Di.«>robe, (dis-rOb'; v. t. to 
divest of a robe ; to strip. 

Disruption, (dis-iup'shun)i». 
a breaking asunder ;— v. t. 
disrup'ture, to rend. 

Dissatisfy, (dis-aat'is-fl) v. f. 
Ui displease ; mnke un- 
easy ;— a. dissatisfied, dis- 
contented;— n. dissatisfac'- 
tion, displeasure. 

Dissect, (dis-sekt ) v. t. to 
cut In pieces ; divide a 
body ;— tt. dissection, act 
of cuttinz in pieces a plant 
or animal body in order to 
ascertain the structure of 
Its parts ; enatomy. 

Dissemble, (dis-scm'bl) v. t. 
or i. to conceal real views, 
motives, or facts ; to dis- 
guise \ play the hypocrite; 
— o. dlMem'bling, pretend- 
In|r falsely; — A. dissem- 
bler, an imposter. 

Disseminate, (dis-sem'i-n&t) 
V. t. to spread ; to sow or 
scatter abroad ; to propa- 

Sste; — ns. dissemina'tion, 
iff ufcion ; dessem'inator, 
one who spreads news, etc. 

Dissent, (dis-sent ) r. L to 
express objections ; to 
thuik differently ; to dis- 
agree iu opinion :— n. dis- 
agreement, difference :— 
IU. dissen'sion, discord ; 
contention ; dissenfer,one 
who stirs up strife in re- 
ligious matters; dissen- 
tient, one declaring dis- 
sent ;— a. disagreeing. 

Dissertation , ( dis - ser - tt'- 
shun) n. a formal dis- 
course ; an essay ; v. t. dis- 
sertate', to speak or treat on 
a subject ;— n. dis'sertator. 

Disbcrvico, (dis-fcrviK) n. 
injury done; mischief ;— a. 
disserv'iceable, hurtful. 

Dissever, Cdis-sev'er) v. t. to 

Sart in two ; disunite ;— n. 
isseVerance, a parting. 

DiiEKident, (dis'si-dent) a., n. 
dissenting ; not agreeing. ^ 

Disi<Jlicnt, ( die-sil'yent ) a' 
le^ing asunder or burst- 
ing open with elastic force, 
is pods ;— n. dissilionce. 

Dissimilar, (dis-sim'i-Ur) rt. 
unlike; different in na- 
ture, properties, and ex- 
ternal form ; not similar ; 
—ad. dissimilarly. 

DUsimilarity, fdis-sim-i-lar'- 
iti) dissimilitude, (dis-si- 
mil'i-tud) n. unlikeneks ; 
want of resemblance. 

shun) n. a dissembling ; 
hypocrisy ; deceit ; guile. 

Dissipate, (dis'si-pat) v. U to 
scatter, spread, squander ; 
—in t. to separate and dis- 
appear: waste away ; — a. 
dls'sip&ted, loose in man- 
ners or habits j devoted to 
strong drink or pleasure. 

Dissipation, (dis-«i-pi shun) 
n. (lispersion ; scattered at- 
tention; wasteof property; 
a licentious course of life. 

DissocUte, (die-sd'shi-it) v.(. 
to disunite ; to separate. 

Dissolute, (dis'o-iat) a. loose 
in morals, etc.; lewd: licen- 
tious ;—ad. diss'olutely ;— 
»i. diss'oluteness.prcfligaey 

Dissolution, ( dis-o>lu'shun } 

N. the bi-eaking up of kn 
Usembly ; change f nm a 
solid to a liquid state ; a 
melting : deconinosition ; 
separation into orM^nal ele- 
ments ; ruin ; enu; death. 

Dissolve, (diz-zolv'^ r. t. or i. 
to melt; sepamte; break up, 
as a legislature, kc. ; dv 
stroy ; wcsto awav i per- 
ish ; crumble ;— a<»«. di^'- 
soluble, diSHoIv'able. tUnt 
may be melted, destroyed, 
or ended :— «. divsulv^ent, 
tltat can dissolve or melt;— 
a. having power to melt 

Dissonant, (dis'sd-nant) a. 
discordant; hnrsh; jarring; 
— n. dis'sonanee, discord. 

Dissuade, (dis-swid') v. t. to 
advise against a course or 
measure «— a. dissuasion, 
persuasion against any- 
thing ;— a. dissua'sive, pre- 
ventive t — n. rcanons to 
deter i—ad. dissua'sively. 

Dissyllable. ( dis-sil'la.bU n. 
a word of two syllables. 

Distaff, (dis'tai ) n. a stick to 
hold the bunch of flax, tow, 
or wool, in spinning. 

Distain, ( dis-tin' ) v. U to 
stain ; blot ; discolor. 

Distance, (dis'tans ) r. re- 
moteness I space between 
bodies | length t penod; re- 
serve ol manner ;— 1>. t. to 
leave behind, as in a race ; 
—a. difi'tant, remote; indis- 
tihct ; shv ;— azf. dis'tantly. 

Distaste, (dix-t&sr)!!. dislike; 
disgust I aversion to food ; 
—V. t. to disrelish ; dislike; 
loathe;— a. distaste'f ul, un- 
pleasant ; — ad. distaste'- 
lully ;— n. distaste'fulness. 

Distemper, f dis-tem'per) n. 
morbid state of the body or 
mind; disease, esp. of ani- 
mals ; ill-humor t a coarse 
mode of painting, called 
also, destem'pir, in which 
the colors are mixed in a 
watery glue, chiefly used 
in scene-painting and in 
staining paper for walls ;— 
V. t. to derange the temper; 
to disorderor disease i mix. 

Distend, (dis-tend) v. f. to 

.stretch; extend; swell »— 
a. disten'sible, elastic. 

Distention, (dis-ten'shun) n. 
a stretching; an extenslop. 

Distich, (dis'Uk) n. a couplet 


by Google 

Amusement allures and deceives 
us, and leads us down imper- 
ceptibly in thoughtlessness to 
the grave. (Fr.) — Pascau 

Amusement to the cat, and agony 

to the rat.-— Tamil. 
An accuser should always appear 

with clean hands. 




of Unci or Tcnei, making 
complete seuse : — a. dis • 
tichous, set in tteo rovot. 

Distil, (dis-tif) v.t.ori. to 
dropecntly x to convert a 
liquid into vapor by heat, 
•nd then to condense it 
•gain ; to extract the ipirit 
or essential oil from any- 
thing by evaporation and 
conoensotlon ;— ^u.distilU'- 
tion, dittiU'er, distill'cry. 

Divtinct, ^is-tingkf) a. sepa- 
rate i different; clear: obvi- 
ous; well-defined ',—ad. dl»- 
tlncrly ;— n. distinct'ness. 

Distinction, cdia-tingk'shun) 
n. difference ; eminence ; 
that which distinguishes i 
separation ; superiority ;— 
a.distinc'tive.markins dif- 
ference?— od. distinct'ivo- 
ly ^— n. distinct'iveness. 

Distingruinh, (dis-tin);'gwish) 
v.t.ori. to note difference 5 
discern critically; judge; 
to make eminent or known: 
exalt s— twZ/i. ditttin'cruish- 
injf, nccuiiar ; distin'- 
guuhea, celebrated for 1 1I- 
ents, usefulness, or wealth. 

DistingniMhnble, (dis-tine'- 
gwisn-a-bl) a. able to oe 
seen ;— «uf . disting'uishably 

Distort, (dis-torT) v. t. to 
twist; to writhe: to pervert 
from the true meaning;— 
N. distor'tion. crookedness i 
perversion; deformity. 

Distract, (dis-trakf) v. t. to 
draw different ways; to 
perplex ; confuse ; harass; 
—aqjs. distnict'ive, harass- 
ing; confusing; distracf- 
ed. crazy ;—arf. distracf- 
•diy ;— n. distrac'tion, per- 
plexity ; agitation ; confu- 
sion ; madness ; discord. 

Distrain, (dis-trin) v. t, to 
seize goods for debt or rent; 
n. dis trftint, legal seizure. 

Distress, <dis-trcs') n. ex- 
treme pain : anguish ; ca- 
lamity ; misfortune ; dan- 
ger;— v. /. to pain ; afflict ; 
perplex; grfevo; to dis- 
train \—adj». distress'ing, 
Eievous ; distressful, ca- 
mitous; ad. diBtre««*fully 

divide among a number; 
allot ; classify ; — a. dis- 
tribnt'ing, sending out, as 
letters from a F. O. ^^-m. 

distrib'utbr, one who deals 
out;distribu'tion, division; 
sepuratiuii ; classidcation ; 
— a.di»trib'utive,scn'ingto 
divide i— a. distrib'utabie ; 
—ad. distiib'utivcly. 

District, (Jis-trikt) n. a cir- 
cuit ; region ; a portion of 
territory defined or unde- 
fined x—v. t. to divide, &c. 

Distrust, (dis-trustO v. (. to 
suspect ; disbelieve ; not to 
confide in ;— a. want of con- 
fidence ; suspicion ; doubt; 
—a. distrusfful. doubtingj 
susuicious 5— act. distrusr- 
fully ;- n. distrustf ulness. 

Disturb, (dis-turb') v. t. to 
perplex ; disquiet ; throw 
into confusion ; interrupt; 
awake ;— lu. disturb'er, an 
agitator ; disturb'ance, a 
tumult; quarrel; agitation; 
interruption ; perplexi^. 

Disunion, ( dis-an'3'un ) n. 
want of union or concord 1 
a state of separation. 

Disunite, (dib-u-nlf) t'. f. to 
separate ; disjoin ; divide ; 
— 1». i. to fall asunder. 

Disuse, (dis-az')r. <. to cease 
to lue or practice ;—ns. dis'- 
use, ( As ) disns'agc. (uz) 
neglect of use or custom. 

Ditch, (dich) «. a trench In 
the earth ; any long, nar- 
row receptacle lor water ; 
—V. t. or t. to trench: to dig 
■ ditch in or around ; to 
drain by ditches: ii.ditch'er 

Dithyrambic, (dith-l-mm*- 
bik) a. of or like a dithy- 
ramb, or dithyrambus, an 
ancient Greek hymn sung 
in honor of Bacchus, or a 
short poem of like charac- 
ter ; wild and boisterons. 

Ditto, (diro) contracted Do., 
n. that which has been 
said ; the sonle thing ;— ad. 
as before, or aforesaid. 

Ditty, ([dif i) n. a sonnet. 

Diuretic, ([dl-u-refik) a. orn. 
a medicine which pro- 
motes the flow of urine. 

Diurnal, (d1-ui^nal> a. con- 
stituting a dsT I daily. 

Divan. (di-vanO n. a council 
of state ; a hall ; a sofa ; a 
1 arldsh smnkini^roomi or 
privy cfiuncil ; a court. 

Divancate, (dl-var'i-kit) r. i. 
to part into two branches ; 
to fork.— n. divarica'tion. 

Dive, (div) v. u to plunge un- 
der water ; go deeply into 
any matter ;— 71. div'cr, a 
bird very expert at diving. 

Diverge, (di-verj'; v. t. to 
tend from a common point 
in diiferent directions ;— 
ad. diverg'ingly ;— o. di- 
verg'ent, goin;; asunder. 

Divergence, ( ^i-verj'ens) is. 
departure from a point 1 a 
going further apart 

Divers, (drvert) a* sundiy. 

Diverse, ( dl'vers ) *. differ- 
ent; various; untfke: mul- 
tiform :— od. diversely* 

Diversify, (di-ver'si-fl) v. t. 
to make different in forms 
and qualities ; to give va- 
riety to ; — ac^'s. di 

-adis. divcr'si- 
I'sifled, cit dif- 

form, divci'kii 
f ercntforms or colon . 
diversiflca'tion, act of mak- 
ing various ;diver'Bity, dif- 
ference; unlikeness f— ad. 
diversifed, various. ' 

Diversion, ( di-veKshnn) n. 
a turning aside; sport; 
recreation ; amusement 

Divert, (di-verr)w. :. to turn 
aside ; to amuse ; to turn 
the. mind from business 
or study;— a. divert 'ing, 
pleasing;— od.diverfingly. 

Divest, (di-vesr) v. t. to de- 
prive of anything ; strip. 

Divide, (di-vfd'J v. t. to sep- 
arate ; part ; allot ; to set at 
variance ;— w. f. to port or 
open ; to break friendship; 
—adja. divid'ed, disunited; 
dividing, separating, as a 
line ; — ad. divid'edly. 

Dividend,(div'i-dend)n. dis- 
tribution of aseefs ; the 
share of each individual ; 
interest on stock, &c. ; the 

{>rofits of a Bank, or of an 
nsurance or other Co. di- 
vided among stockhold- 
ers oramong those insured. 

Divider, (di-vld'er) n, he or 
that which divides: — oi. 
compasses}— a. divi'dable. 

Divination ,(div-in-4'shon ) n. 
a prediction ; a foretelling. 

Divine, Cdi-vin') a. pertain- 
ing to God ; holy ; sacred : 
excellent in the highest de- 
gree ;— n. a minister of the 
Oospet x—v. e. or t. to fore- 
tell ; guess : make out ; to 
have forebodings ;— ad. dl^ 
Tinely, done by God. 


by Google 

A mackerel-sky never holds three 
days dry. [affairs. 

A man enters boldly into his ovrn 
His bark is worse than his bite. 

A man distribates ahas, and bis 
left hand does not know what 
his T%ht dfspcnscs. (Arab.) — ► 
Mohammed. See Biblb. 




DiriiW-btU, ((Uvlxv-bel) n. 
ft hollow 
TCweU air- 
ftt the bot- 
t o in , in 
whi eh 

tev und work under water. 

DiVhrily, (di-vin-i.ti) n. (Ji- 
vine miturv; gbdhMfl; the 
flrttCauaejesaenceof God: 
God; « celestial b«M»Si 
•njr god ; tbe scfence off 
dWinc thine* v IhtoLugj. 

OivisiMe, {di-vi«'j-bH o. ea- 
IHiMe of being divided or 
lepamted ;—ad. cliviM'iJttly ;. 
— n. divisibiTSty. 

IMvition , CdV-^'f "i*^") »• »ep- 
ftratio»iutop«t4; a parti- 
tion » a barrier t Uio portion 
divided or separated; dia- 
uoioo ; discord ; disagree- 
ment; inar£(ft.»th»nnoor 
process of fiudinfr how 
man J tinaca one number is 
contained in another j — 
tufj$. diviji'ional. dcviaive, 
aeparating; distributing; 
creating ducord, ftc. 

Divisor, (di-vl'aor) «. in 
anf/r.thenuraberfcy which 
the dividend i» divided. 

Divorce, (di-vors') ■. disso- 
lution of marriage t—v. t. 
to separate ; force oaunder; 
to take or nut away. 

Divul)Ee, (tti-vulj"> v. t. to 
pubTish t disclose ; make 
public ;— «. divulTer. 

DlvuUion, (di-vul'shun ) u. 
act of plucking; hiceratieu. 

Dizzy, Cdir'i>«. giddy j con- 
fused ; causin;; giddincsH ; 
unthinking ? heedless ;— «. 
diz'ziness, vcrt%^>. 

Do. (doo)r. f. to act; i>erfOTnit 
execute ; to put er bring 
intO'any fomi or state ; to 

{)repare r— y. #, to behave ; 
o net I lofare or get on as 
to licalth ; to succeed ;deal 
with ; suit sansweranend. 

Docile. (du'sn>a. teachable ; 
ready to Jeam ; easily man- 
aged;— n. docil'ity, aptness 

Dack, (dok)n. a place liuy: 
an artificial basin or en- 
closure for ships ; a land- 
ing; a troublesome weed 
■wuh large leaves, and a 

'. long root, difficult to erad- 

knte; the box in court 
where tlie accused stands ; 
the part ef a tail kf t after 
clipping I t'../. to cut xhurt; 
curtail ; as wq^; clip ; to 
bar •' to plHce ni a dock. 

Dockagje, (dok'ai)a. a charge 
lor ut^ine a dock; landinK* 

Ducket, (dok'et) «. a direc- 
tion tied lo goods ^ a list of 
CM^ in court; v. t to mark 
in n lift ; to mark the con- 
t« ak»ot° papers eu the back. 

Dock-yard, (dok'yard) n. a. 
yard for aavui stores. 

Doctor, (dok'tur^s. a title in 
divauty, physic* law, kc. ( 
a p!»siioiMn ;— n. doc'torate, 
tlie degree ef a doctor. 

Doctrine, (d<)k'trin> n. that 
which isulauffht ; precept ; 
a principle of belief ; what 
the Scripturealearh on any 
subject ;— a. doc'tinal. 

Docoment, (dok'u-inent> u. 
a paper contaming hi for- 
mation or the prool ef any- 
thing; evidence in writinin 
efaiberate official comniuni- 
catkin* from a court or a 
deiwrtment ef govem- 
meirt, a* the President's 
Message, Report of tlie 
Secretary of tlie lYeasory, 
ftc. t—aajn. document'ary, 
document'al, relating' to er 
found in legal ei* written 
papers ; official. 

Dodecagon ,(d6-dek'a-gon ) n. 
a pot.vgon with 12 sides. 

Dociecahedron, Idu-dek-a- 
hS'droft) n. solid pentagon 
hnvinc- twelve equal sides. 

Dodice, (doj) r. t. or i. to start 
asider evade an nrginnrnt; 
play fist and loose; auilv 
nlc :— M. evasion, ti ick. 

Doe.dlr.) ii. a female doer»er 
rabbit ; — ». dOc'skin, a 
twilled cloth, named from 
its Kkencss- to a doeskin. 

Doer, (doo'er) n. one who 
dncft an vthiutTf good or bad 

Doff, (dof> r. f. to nut joff ; 
strip ; rid one's self of. 

Dog, ( dog ) m. a domestic 
quadruped r •term of con- 
tempt r two constellations, 
C. major, and C. minor; an 
andiron ; on iron hook for 
holding logs of wood ;— f. 
t. to follow and watch con- 
stantly, OS a dog J to worry 
with impnrtiinity ; — a. 


dog&ed^ determined ; sur^ 
ly, like an angry dog ;— arf. 
oogg' cdly ; — H. dogg'ed- 
■ess;— a. d'jgg^h, snap- 
pish ; eliurlisb; brutal ;— 
«rf. doggif-lily ;— n. dogg'- 
islmesa. — Throw to the 
dogs c«*t away ; fo to the 
dog*, be ruined ; — atUs. 
dog-cheap, very cheap, for 
Bothiug^ ; dog-veary^ tired 
as ft dieg ;— a. doa-trot,. a 
gentle iroL like a dog's, 
---days, (dog-diz) n. pi. 
e diyit whentho dog-star 
rises and seta, with the sun, 
front theend of July to the 
beginntng^of September. 

Dog s-ear, ( doza'fr) n. the 
comer of thelenf of a book 
turned down, ht-e a doa't 
«arf—v. t. totiirudoMrn the 
comers ;— a. dog'w'-eared. 

Doggerel, ^og'cr-cl) n. a low, 
burleaque pottry ;— a. vile. 

Dogma, (dog'ma) u. an es- 
tablished opinion or tenet. 

Dogmatical, (dog-mat'ik-ol) 
«r. fontivc ; magisterial ; 
overbearing!— 4Sf/. dogmat'- 
kalljr ;— n. do^inntism, ar- 
rogance in di!>putation :— 
ft. ;>/. dogmat ica. the art of 
unxcmpsilous,. categorical 
assertion,. «»p. in theology. 

Dogmati/r,Cd')g'nia-tIz)v> t. 
to assert ene'aapfnions ar- 
rogantly ; to advance prin- 
ciplea boldly- and witlinut 
reason a; — us. dnp^atist, 
dog'matizer, ansertcr. 

Dog-fitar»(dop:'-star)u. Sirius, 
a star of the first magni- 
tude, which rises and sets 
with theiiun » d»g-<layt. 

Dog-wood. { dogwood ) N. a 
specitrsof forest tree. 

Douy, (doil'i> «. a napkin. 

Doings, ('Ioo'ing7.> IT. ;?/. ac- 
tions ; tliinn done ; trans- 
actions r behavior; feata. 

Doit, (doit>a. a small Dutch 
coin iX cent) : a trifle. 

Dole, fddl) II. things given 
in cliarity ; lamentation 5 
grief ; aIIo«ait«e» part; lot} 
r. t. to dealoutiu sma'l |)or- 
tfims ;— <u//s. dole'f ul. dole'- 
Bome, meumchoTy; dismal; 
4ueruN>u8r— <ir/. dole'f ully, 
—lui. ddCfUlness dAior;— 
a. do'lnrous» full of grief 
or an giiish ; ad. dol'orouslv. 

Doll, (dnl) n. agbl'atov bftOx. 


by Google 

A man (\*oman) convinced against 
his (her) will, is of the same 
opinion still. — Cowper. 

A man finds no sweeter voice in 

all the world than that whidi 
chahts his praises. (Fr.) — FON. 
A man in debt is stoned eveiy 
year. — ^Spanish. 




Dollar, (dol'ler) n. a eoia or 
biU valued at 100 eta. 

Dolomite, (dol'o-mit) «. s 
lioieatoae reaeinblingwhite 
marble^ «o called from the 
French feoloeist Dolomieu. 

Dolphin, (dofnn) a. an an- 
iiunl of the whale kind, 
iounl in ail scna, about 6 
or 10 it. long, and extreme- 
\y rjpaciouKi the eoru' 

{yhene, a tlth about 5 ft. in 
cngth, noted for iti bril- 
liant colon when dying. 
Dolt, (dull) H. a stapi«i fellow. 
Domun, (d6-m&n'y n. extent 
of territory; estate; empire 
n . an 
roof or 


_. «• he- 
Honging to or lirepin* at 
hom<; private; not wild }— 
n. a house-eervant. 
Domesticate. (dd-mc8'tik-4t) 
V. t. to ni tke tarae or fa- 
miliar t to iu>eu»tom to the 
hourte t—n. doineatica'tion; 
—a. domestiea'ted, tame. 
Domicile, (dom'i-sil) ». ■ 
house t a home ; — i'. (. to 
connect any one with « 

Siaeo or eountry by reii- 
ence ;— 1>. t. domiciriate, 
( dora'i-«ir i'lt ) s— »- domi- 
eilia'tiou ;— a. domiciriary, 
intruding into private 
houses ;— p. a. domiciled, 
having an abode ; acttled. 

Dominant, (domin-ant) a. 
ruling: ascendant; n. dom - 
ina'tion, power; insolent 
authovitvt tyrannv \—adj$. 
doraina ting, ruling: pre- 
dominant i doniinn'tive, 
imperious t insolent 

Domine, (ddm-i-ue) ». title 
of respect ; a minister. 

Domineer, (dom'in-er'^ v. i. 
to command haughtily ; 
swell: bluster;— a. domi- 
neering, arbitrary. 

Dominical, fdd-min'ik-al) a. 
denoting the Ix»ni's day, 
or the Lord'.* Pmyer. 

DcmJnion. f^la-min'yun) H. 
e*-*^5go aut'iontv; coun- 
'/ty or |;erwnii« g<»Vem«*d : 

ascendenry:p2. several ter- 
ritories; order of angels. 

Domino^ (dom'i-nd)n. a long 
cloak of black siik, with a 
hood, used for divuise at 
liiask-partics ; — pT. dora'- 
inoes, (dz) game; pieces of 
ivory or Iwue for playing iL 

Don, (don) n. a Spanish title 
corresponding to Sir, ap- 

SUed to all classes ;— /em. 
onu'a i—v. t. to put on, as 
adresAorhst; to assume. 

Donate, (dO'uit) r. t. to give; 
ns. dona'tion, gift; present; 
^rant; doQa'tive, gratuity; 
largess ; donee', one to 
whom a gift is made ; 
do'nor, giver; bestower. 

Donkey, (<long'ke)M. the ass. 

Doom, (doom) v. t. to judge; 
determine ; destine ; sen- 
tence ; condemn ;— ». ju- 
dicial sentence: iudgmeiit; 
deiitiny; ruin ; flnal judg- 
ment ;— n. dooms'day, list 
great day of judgment. 

Door, (dOr) n. an opening 
into a room or ajiartmcnt, 
or the frame on hmges tliat 
closes it; a means nf ep- 
proach or access. — Shoto 
the door, turn out : expel 
in anger. — Xext door to, 
adjacent; near tn.—Lifj or 
he tend, at the door o/. be 
cbdrgeable with, or guilty. 

Doric, _ 

tare : grave ; severe. 

Dormmt, (dor'mant) a. 
sleeping ; at rest ; private ; 
not divulged : neglected ; 
in orch., leaning ; — n. a 
cross-beam ; a joist ; — a. 
doT^m^ncy, quiescence. 

Dormer, (doKniir) n. a vert- 
ical window on the roof. 

Dormitory, (doKmi-tor-i) a. 
a Urge sleeping-chamber. 

Donnouse, (dor'moiis) pi. 
dor'mice, n. a gnawing 
animnl. intermediate be- 
tween the squirrel nnd the 
rat, nnd torpid in winter. 

Dorsal. (doKsal) a. relating or 
belonging to the back. 

Dote, (dOs) a. portion of med- 
icine, oranythingdisagree- 
able that must be taken ;— 
r. /. to give physic or any- 
thing nauseous to. 

Dot, (dot) ft. a point used in 
writing and printing ;— v. 
t. to mark with spots. 

Dotation, (d6-ti'shuu) n. en- 
dowment ; act of bestowing 
a dower on a woman. 

Dote, (dot) I', t. to be silly ; 
to show excessive love;— a. 
ddt ing ; — ac/.dat'ingly ;— 
ta. ddt'age, weak fondness; 
imbecility ; dOf ard, man 
in his second childhood. 

Double, (dub'l) a. two fold ; 
— r. t. to multiply by two : 
to fold i—r.i. tu increase to 
twice the quantity ;to wind 
in running; — n. twice as 
much; a doubling; a trick; 
—ad. doubiv, extreme}/. 

Douhle-eaji, (dub'l-kap) n. a 
writing or printing paper 
mesnuring 17 by 28 inches. 

Di u')Ie-dealing, ( dub'l-dSr. 
ing) n. acting two parts ; 
artiflce ; dissunulntion. 

Double-eutry, (dnb'l-en'tri) 
H. book-keeping in which 
two entries are made of 
every transaction, one on 
the Dr. and the other on the 
Cr. side of ap account, one 
entry checking the other. 

Doublet, (dub'let) n. a pair ; 
a vest ; an inner garment 

Uoubling, (dub'liiig) n. a 
fold ; a plait ; an artiflck t 
—a. doubleness, stale of 
being double; duplicity. 

Doubloon, (dub'Ioon') a. a 
8 p. and Port coin worth 
about sixteen dollars. 

Doubt, (rtout) t'. I. to hesitate: 
waver ; be uncertain :to sus- 
pect ;— r. t. to distrust ;— n. 
uncertainty of mind ; in- 
credulity: suspicion: fear; 
—n. douDt'er ;—ad. doubt- 
ingly :— a. doubtful, un- 
determined : not clear ; not 
safe : suspicious ; a^.doubt'- 
fullv :— n. donbt'fulnets. 

Doubiless, ( dout ' les ) ad. 
unqnestionpb'.y : without 
douDt ',—nd. doubt'lesslv. 

Doucetir, ( doos'er ) n. thttt 
Hfhirh mn^eten.*; a gift: lure 

Douche, (dddxh) a. a jet of 
WHter m/r'nged upon part 
of the body ; shower-bath. 


by Google 

A man cheater than his misfor- 
tunes, shows he was not de- 
serving of them. — Stanislaus 
King of Poland. 

A man is a man for all that. 

(ScQtch.) — Rob. Burns. 
A man is known by the company 

he keeps. — JEsop. 




Dough, (dfl) n. a mats of flonr 
kneaded, out not baked ;— 
a. ddaffh'y, like paste ; soft 

Doughty, ( dou'ti ) a. brare « 
illustnons ; able ; strong. 

Douse, (dous) V. f. or t. to 
plunge over head into 
water ; to lower, as a sail. 

Dore, (duv)n. taine pigeon ; 
emblem of innocence :word 
of endearment ; — a. dove'- 
like, gentle » affectionate. 

Dove-cot, (duVkot) n. a shed 
for pigeons to breed in. 

Dover'H powder, (dO'ver's- 
pow-dr)n. a compound of 
ipecacuanha, opium, and 
sulphate of potash ;■ se- 
dative and sudorific. 

Dov^il. (duVtil) n. ■ toint 

of a 
— f. t. 
to tit one joint iato another 

Dowager, ( dow'a-jer ) n. a 
widow witli a ioiuturc. 

Dowdv, (dow'di) n. on awk- 
ward, vulgar, ill-dressed 
woman ;— a. slovenly. 

Dowel, (dowel) v. t. to fasten 
with wooden pins. 

Dower, (dow'er) u. that part 
of the husband's property 
which his widow enjoys 
during her life, or whirh 
cannot be taken from tlie 
wife without her consent, 
except fur the husband's 
debts, —bonietimes coUcd 
dowry : — a';y«. dow'crcd, 
dow'able, furnished witli. 
or entitled to, dower; dow'- 
erless, without dower. 

Down, (down) yrt-e/). along a 
descent: from a hicherto 
a lower position or state :— 
atl. on the ground ; from 
earlier to later times ; be- 
low the hori zon ;— it. a bank 
of sand thrown up by the 
sea: a tract of hilly land or 
an open plain ; the soft 
hnir under the feathers of 
birds ; the hairy covering 
of certain needs of plantn. 

Downcast, ( down'knst ) a. 
beutdown t dejected ; sad; 
— n. down-hearted, dreary. 

Downfall, ( down'fftwl ) ». a 
fall; ruin J— «. down'fallen. 

Downhill, (downiiil) n. de- 
clivity i slope of a hill i— o. 
descending ; sloping. 

Downright, ( dowu'rit ) a. 
open; undisguised; artless; 
u n c e r e ra o n iou s «— a</. 
right down, in plain terms. 

Downtrod. (down'trod) o. 
trampled upon; oppressed. 

Downward, (down'ward) o. 
descending ; moving or 
tending down (in any 
sense) or downwards, lu 
from a higher situation ;— 
ad. from ttic source t from 
a time more ancient. 

Downy. ( down'i ) «. like 
down ; very soft; Roothing. 

Doxology, ( doks-«l'o-ji ) m. a 
short hymn sung at the 
close of divine service. 

Doze, (dOz) V. i to be half 
asleep ; to be stupid ;— it. a 
short, light riumber ; — n. 
doz'er, one who dozes;— a. 
doz'y, drowsy. 

Dozen, (duz'n ) a. or n. IS ; 
twelve articles alike. 

Drab, (drab)it. a low woman; 
thick, strong gray cloth ;— 
a. a dun or dull brown 
color ;-^n. drab'cloth. 

Drabble, (drabi) v. (. to 
muddy:— ». drc&'blt'tail, a 
slatternly, dirty woman. 

Drachm. (dram)H. the eighth 
part 01 an ounce. 

Draff, (drof) n. Ices ; refuse 
of brewed malt ; — a<y«. 
draff' ish, draff 'y .wortliless. 

Draft, (draft) n. anything 
drawn, 08 men for or from 
an army ; a check for the 
pay men t of money ; a nlan ; 
a rouzh sketch ; the depth 
to which a vessel sinks in 
water; — I'. *. to draw an 
outline of ; to conipone and 
write; to draw off: to de- 
tach :— n. pL drafts, o game 
of checkers ;— w. drafts'- 
man, one who draws plaiifi. 

Drag, (drapi r. /. to pull with 
force ; to haul ; to trail on 
the ground;— n. a net: a bar- 
row; a hand-cart ; a brake; 
any obstacle to progresi.. 

Draggle, (drag'l) v. t. or i. to 
dirty oy trailing: to be 
drawn on the ground. 

Dragnet, (drag'net) n. n net 
to be drawn on the bottom. 

Dragoman, (drag'o-innn) it. 
an Oriental interpreter. 

Dragon, (drag'un) n. a fab> 
nlous winged serpent i the 
devil ; a fierce person : the 
flying lizard of the £. I.; 
the constellation Draco. 

Dragon's-blood, (drag'unz- 
blud) n. the red juice or 
blood of several trees in 8. 
Am. and the E. Indies, 
used for coloring. 

Dragonfly. (drag'un-flO '•■•n 
insect with verv large eyes, 
long body, brilliant colors. 

Dragoon, ?dra-groou') tt. a 
horse wldier ;— p. /. to per- 
secute by violent mcasureii. 

Drain, (drAn) n. a channel for 
can-ying off water*— v. t. 
or t. to empty ; exhaust; 
draw off by degrees ; to 
filter t a. drain able ;— «. 
drain'age. nrt, process, or 
channel, by which land is 
drained ; area drained. 

Drake, (dr&k) n. male duck. 

Dram, (dram) n. a glass of 
ardent spirits; % of an 
ounce averdupois;— I*, i. to 
take drams or strong drink 

Drama, (dram'a) a. repre- 
sentation of actions in nu- 
Dum life I a series of 
deeply interesting events ; 
a stage play ; dramatic lit- 
erature;— a. dramafic, rep- 
resented by action ;— <u/. 
dramat'icafly;— n. dramat'- 
ist, a writer of plsys, &c. 

Dramatize, (dram'af-Iz) r. f. 
to adapt to dramatic art. 

Drape, (dr&p) v. 1. to invest 
with drapery {nculpt., &c.) 

Draper, (drap er)n. one who 
deals in cloths, rilks, ftc. 

Drapery, (di Ap'er-i) n. cloth 
work ; tapestry ; dress of 
figures in scnlpture. 

Drastic, (dras'tik) a. power- 
ful; active:— n. a medicine 
that purges quickly. 

Draught, ( draft ) n. act of 
drawing ; force needed to 
draw ; that which is taken 
in a net by drawing: a cur- 
rent of air; depth to which 
a fihip rinks in the water: 
adrinkmtr: quantity drank 
atoncc : deli neat ion : sketch 

Draught-hon«e, ( draf t'hora ) 
n. a horse for hcnvy carts. 

Draughts, (drafts) n. pi. a 

Kme played on checkered 
ards ; checkers. 
Draughtsman, (drafts'man) 


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A man is seldom successful that 

is diffident of himself. 
A man is valued according to his 

own estimate of himself. 

A man too busy to take care of 
his health is like a mechanic 
too busy to take care of his 



DSONE who drawB writings, 
arcliitcctural (lesignn, &c. 

Draw, (drawi r. t. or t. to 
pull : to take out ; to un- 
sheathe, ns a Bword ; to de- 
duce ; to lengthen j to de- 
sciibe ; to require n depth 
of water for floatin? ; to 
make a picture of, by lines; 
to «nproacli ; to forco for- 
ward: to sketch; to inhale; 
attract; entice ; allure :~«. 
the act of drawing ; anv- 
tliing drawn ; a drawbridge; 
— «. draw'abie, movable. 

Drawback. ( draw'bak ; «. 
duty refunded on gooda j 
any loss of advantage. 

Draw-bridge, (draw'brij) n. a 
bridge that cnn be opened 
or closed at pleasure. 

Drawee, (draw-€' ) n. one on 
whom a bill is drawn. 

Drawer, (draw'er) n. one who 
issues exchange or checks; 
sliding box ; —pi. under- 
clothing on the limbs. 

Drawing, (drawing) n. the 
act of representing obiectN 
by lines drawn, shading, 
Ike.; a picture ; the distri- 
bution of prizes, as at a 
lottery;— M-t. draufing-mof- 
ter, a teacher of drawing; 
drawiup-rooni, a parlor for 
receiving gnests : levee. 

Drawl, (drawl') v. t. or t. to 
speak in a slow, drivelling 
tone; n. protracted modula- 
tion of the voice; a.drawr- 
ing, tediotis :— n. drawl'er. 

Dray. (drS) n. a low cart or 
carriage on wheels ; — n. 
druv'man, driver of n cart. 

Dread, (drcd)H. great fear; 
awe ; terror ; cause of ter- 
ror ;— r. t. or i. to regard 
with terror ; to be in lear ; 
—a. awful s terrible ; — a. 
dread'ful. formidable; 
alarming;— arf.dread'fully: 
— »i. dread' fulness ; — a. 
dread'Jfn, hold ; fearless. 

Dream, (drim) n. phantasm 

of sleep ; somctliing which 
has only an imaginary re- 
ality } vain fancy ;— r. i. to 
think in sleep or idly ; to 
fancy ; — «. dream'er, a vis- 
ionary person ; ttd. dream'- 
ingly i—acUs. dreani'y, not 
wiiae nwake ; visionary ; 
dieam'less, very quiet?— n.«. 
dream'iness. dullness ; stu- 
por; dream'icntd, fairvland 
Drear, (drgr) dreary, (drgri) 
a. melancholy ; dismal ; 

Sloomy; sad; cneerlcss; aJ. 
renr'ily ;— ii. dreaminess. 
Dredge, (drei) n. an oyster- 
net i a marnine for taking 
up raud from a harbor or 
other water ; — w. t. to 
epHnkle flour on meat 
while roasting I to catch, 

SBther, or deepen with a 
rcdgci— n. dredg'er. a 
macmne or ship so called, 
or one who fishes with it. 

DregH, (dreg 7.) n. pi. lees ; 
refuse I sweepings ; im- 
purities in liquor that fall 
to the bottom, the grounds; 
dross ; tlie vilest part of 
any^thing, as the dregs of 
society ;—a. dregg'y, mud- 
dy ; foul;— tw.dregg'in CSS, 
dregg'ishness, feculence. 

Drench,(drensh) r. t. to soak ; 
wash ; steep ; force down 
physic mechanically ; — «. 
physic for a brute. 

Dress, (dres) v. t. to clothe ; 
deck; cook: prepare; trim; 
to cover a wound ;— i*. i. to 
arrange in a line; to put on 
qlothcK ;— w. the covering 
or ornament of the body ; 
a lady 'h gown ; the style of 
dress ;— a. dress'y, showy. 

Dresser, (dres'er) n. one wno 
dresses ; a kitchen table or 
place for dishes, etc. 

Drcssincr, (dres'ing) n. dress 
or clothes ; manure given 
to land ; matter used to 
give stiffness and gloss to 
cloth; the bandage, etc., 
applied to a sore ; an or- 
namental moulding ; — n. 
dres'sing-case, a case of ar- 
ticles for dressing one's self 

Dribble, (drib'l) r. i to fall 
down in drops slowly. 

Dribblet, (drib'let) n. pmall or 
petty sum or quantity. 

Drift, (drift) M. meaning: Im- 
ptilse ; aim ; a passage in a 

mine : pile of snow, &c. ; 
boulder-clay ;— r. t. or t. to 
float ; to form in heaps ; to 
drive ; to be carried before 
ony uncertain impulse. 

Drif tless,(drif ties) a. aimless 

Dritt-wood, (drift'wood) u. 
wood drifted by water. 

Drill, (dril) M. a too! for bor- 
ing holes ; military 
evolutions; II sinnll 
furrow forseed;t".f. 
to bore; to train sol- 
diers :to sow m rows 
—n. drill'ing, cloth. 

Drink, (dringK )v. t. 
or i. to swallow li- 
quor ; to quench 
thirst; to take in 
through the senses; 
to be an habitual drunk- 
ard ;— >i. something to be 
drunk; inloxicating liquor 

Drinkable, ( drinek'a-bl ) a. 
such as may be drunk. 

Drinker, ( dringk'er )m. one 
who drinks ; a drunkard. 

Drinking, (dringk'ing) ».ac^- 
of swallowing liquors. 

Drip, (drip) r.». shed, fall in 
drops: n. afaHingindrops; 
that which falls in drops ; 
the eave of a roof. 

Drippings, (drip'ingz) n. pi. 
fat from roosting meat ;— 
II. drip' ping-pan, flat vessel 
to catch drippings. 

Drive,(driv) v. t. or i. to urge; 
hurry; compel ; to guide, as 
horses drawing a carringe ; 
to distress or straiten ; to be 
forced alonsr ; to ride ; to 
tend towards a point; to 
rush on ;— n. an excursion 
in a carriage ; a road for 
driving on ;— n. driv'er. 

Drivel, (driv'el) v. t. to slaver 
or drop spittle, like a child; 
to speak like an idiot ; to 
be silly ;— «. slaver ; non- 
sense ;— n. drivel'er, a fool. 

Drizzle, (driz'l) v. i. or t. to 
fall or rain in smalt drops: 
ir.alight rain;— cr.drizz'ly. 

Droll, (drd1)(T- waggish; odd; 
queer; facetious;— n.droU'- 
ery, buffoonery ; archness. 

Dromedanr, (drnm'e-dar-i)n. 
the Araoian camel, which 
has one hump on its back. 

Drone, ( drCn ) ». the male 
bee ; a hum ; a sluggard ;— 
r. I. to live Idlv; to make a 
low. humming noise x—n. 


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A. man may be deprived of life, 
but a good name cannot be 
taken from him. — Chinese. 

A man may bring his horse to 

the water, bnt the horse will 
choose whether he will drink. 
A man that has no virtue in him- 
self envies it in others. — Bal. 




droa'iih ;—aa. drou'ikhly i 
'II. dron'ishness^lazincu. 

Droop, (droop) I'.t. to pine t 
Uii^uiBh I be cnst downt 
droop'ing, hanging down { 
sinkm?:— «'/. dmon'ingljr. 

Drop, (droitj H. a clouule of 
miisture ; a Kinairquantityt 
an ear-rin^ t part of a ;uU 
Iowh;— r.t. to fall in drops; 
to fall or die suddenly \ to 
come to an end; to sink 
lower ;— r. t. to let fall i to 
let go or disniiM ; to utter 
casually; call on ; lower ;— 
H. drop'let, a little drop;— n. 
pi. dropp'ings, that which 
falls in drops ; excrement. 

Dropsy, (droo'si) n. an accu- 
mulation of watery fluid in 
the body ;— a. drop'sical. 

Drosky. ( dros'ki > n. a low, 
four-wheeled, carriage. 

Dross. (dros») h. the scum 
which metals throw off 
when melting ; waste mut- 
ter ; ruHt t refuse ; tin ;— 
a. dross'y, foul ; impure ; 
worthless;— fi. drots'iness. 

Drought, drouth, (drowth) ii. 
dry weather; dryness; 
thirst ; — ot(/ii. drouth' y, 
drought'/, wanting rain ; 
and ; thirsty » sultry. 

Droye,(dr6v)prcr.of Drive: 
— n. a number of animals 
driven; crowd; tumult;— 
n. dro'rer,a dealer in cattle 
for market or for beef. 

D.-own. (drown) I'.f. to nufTo- 
cateitt water : to overflow ; 
immerge ; overpower. 

Drowse, (drowz) v. i. to grow 
heavy with sleep; to took 
heavy and duift— r. f. to 
stupcf j;; a. drows'y, sleepy, 
lethargic: dull ;— «. drows'- 
iness ;—<!'/. drowsily. 

Drub, (drub) n. a thump i a 
blow ; — I', i. to beat or 
thrash ;— a. drubb'ing. 

Drudge, (druj) v. i. to labor 
in mean offices ; to toil ;— 
N. a vlnve to hard, mean 
work ;— n. drudg'ery, hard 
tojl —ni. drudg'ingly. 

Drug, (dru;;) ». suo«tance 
u»e;l in medicine or dye- 
ing ; a thing of slow sdle;— 
V. t. to administer drugs { 
to p'>tson with drugs ;— n. 
dru^st. a de tier in drugs. 

Drugget, cdrug'ct) n.woollen 
cover to protect carpets. 

Druid,(droo'id) ancient 
Celtic pnest;— ft.druid'ical. 

Drum, (drum) n. a cylindri- 
cal musical instrument ; 
the tyinpaaum or middle 
portion of the ear ; in 
arch.^ the upright part of 
a cupola; in mcca., a re- 
volving cylinder ;—v. i. to 
beat a drum ; to beat with 
the fingeia ; to throb ;— r. (. 
to drum out; expel:— n. 
drumm'er; h. drum-major, 
chief drummer of a regi- 
ment;— «. tlrum-gtict:. tne 
stick with which the drum 
is beat ; a turkey bone. 

Drunk, (drungk) a. intoxi- 
cated I sattiratcdt fnrioot. 

Drunkard, (drungk'ard) n. 
one habitiially drunk. 

Drunken, (drungk'n) a. in- 
toxicated; lost to reason ;— 
n. dninken'ness, inebriety. 

Drupe, (drOOpp n. a fle»hy 
fruit coiitaininga stone, as 
the plum:— a.drup&ce'ous, 
pertaining to stone-fruits. 

Dry, (drl) from moist- 
ure or rain ; without sap ; 
not green ;nutgivingmilK: 
thiraty; uninteresting; sar- 
cnstic ; frigid ; precise ;— 
orf. dryly;— /i. dry'ness;- 
V. t. or i. to free from moist- 
ure ; scorcii ; exhaust ; to 
lose juice or snp; to evapo- 
rate entirely;— II. dri'er. 

Dryad, Ciri'ad) it. nymph or 
goddc»s of the wood. 

Dry-gooil«. (dri'gooda) m. pi. 
cloths, drapery, ftc. 

Dry-nurse, (dri'nunt) n. one 
who feeds a child without 
the breast ; a cart tnkfr. 

Dry-rot,(drI'rot)it. funguses. 

Di^salter, (drl'salt er) n. a 
dealer in dyes, drugs, ftc. 

Dr}'.6hod, (drl'Khod) a. hav- 
ing the feet dry ; safe. 

Dual, (dfl'dl) a. expressing 
two, ns the dual numlierm 
Greek;— »w. dual'iMt, duaV- 
ittni, doctrine of two gods, 
one good, the other evil ; 
duatUjf, that which gives 
the idea of doubleness. 

D lb. (diib> r. t. to confer a 
title or new character. 

Dubious, (dii'bi-us) a. doubt- 
ful ; uncertain ; undeter- 
mined:— rtr/. du'biously;— 
n<. d'.i'hiousness, dnbi ety. 

Ducat, (duk'at)ii. #1 to #2. 

Duck, (duk) n. a water-fowl; 
a species of can yea i— r. t. 
to dive I dip ; stoop i nod 
suddenly ;— a*, duckling, 
a young duck; duck'ing, 
an immersion of the head. 

Duct, (dukt) M. tube convey- 
ing fluids in animal bodie- 
or plants ; passage ; canal. 

Ductile, (duk'til)a. thatmay 
be drawn out into wire or 
thread, as a metal t eaxily 
led; pliable ;— n. ductil'itj-, 
capacity of being drawn out 
without breaking; acconi. 

Dudgeon, (duj'un)n. ill-will. 

Duds, (dudz) n. old clothes. 

Due, (da) a. owed ; owing ; 
proper; enforced by con- 
science ; appointed; exact 
—ad. exactfv ; directly ;— 
ad. duly, justlv; reason- 
ablv ;— n. a dent ; claim ; 
right; perquisite; just title. 

Duel,(da'el)i<.aiight between! 
two persons;- Ms.duell'ing. 
duelrist.a flghting or fight- 
er in single combats. 

Duenna, (dii-en'a) n. an old 
woman ; a governess. 

Duet, (du'et) n. a piece of 
music fortwoj- n. duet'to. 

Dug, (dug) n. a beast's pan. 

Dugong, (da-gong')». herb- 
eating whale, 8 to 20 f. lojig 

Duke, (duk)N. the highest 
order of nobility ; a sov- 
er. ign prince; /em. Duch'- 
ess ;— a. du'cal;— a*, duke'- 
doni, duch'y, a territory. 

Dulcet, (dur»et)a. sweets 
rich ; h'lrmoniiius; — a.dul- 
ciflnons, flowing sweetly : 
— M. riutci.ner. a niuiiical in- 
strument nunctl from the 
sweetneisH ut its sound ; it 
is triangul ir, with &) bnus 
wires, which are struck 
with small rods or sticks. 

Dull.(dul) a. stupid; slow of 
hearing, of learning, or oi 
undorstnn'lin«r: insensible; 
without life, mirth,or spirit; 
sleepy; sad; du.. ncast: 
ciouay ; no t brigh t or clear; 
dim ; obtuse ; nlunt ;—«</. 
dul'ly ;— n*. dulTnesR. stu- 
pidity, bluntncf^s; duU'ard, 
dunce;— a'//«.dutl-«ighfcd. 
having weak fiffht; slow to 
see; dull-wittVd. inert; not 
smart; heavy: obtuse;— »'. 
t. to blunt; Htupofy: clond. 

Dumb, (dum) a. inute ; un- 


by Google 

A man perfects himself more by 

works than by reading. 
All concord's born of contraries. 
A man may keep his nose to the 

grindstone, and die not worth 
a groat at last, (t. e.^ if he 
knows not how to save as he 
gets.) — Ben. Franklin, 




I Able to utter 
word! I w ind- 
less ;— «. dumb'- 
ncs«{ cuJ.d\xm\>'-> 
\y ; — n«. dumb- 
bcUs weiffhts 
iwuiiK ill the 
h^ndK for ^xtr- 
a gesture with- 
out words ;— r. t. 
tfytmb'/ound, to ci»nfui«e. 
Dummy, (ilum'i) n. a dumb 
person ; a sham package in 
a shop; fourth or exposed 
hand m whint-playinp. 
Dump. I-. t. to tip over a cart, 
niid unload it; n. dump'inf 
Dumpish, (dnmp'ifih) o. dis- 

Jiirited: dull ; stunid i—ad. 
lump'ishly:— MJi.uump'ish- 
ness 4 flHrnfut, rnnui; ilt 
ting, a par.te over apples, 
&c., boiled or haked. (thick 

Dumpy. ( dump'i ) a. ahort, 

Dun, (dun) a. of a dark col- 
or, partly hi own and black: 
—11. a dark color ; a cltam- 
orous creditor i — v. t. to 
VLTge for debt; a. dunn'ing 

Dunce, (duns) ». one slow 
at learning andof weak in- 
tellect; a stupid person;— 
adj*. dunc'ish, dunce-like. 

Dune, (doon) It. a low hill of 
aand on the sea ahorc. 

Dung,-<dung; n. excrement, 
ktler, fllth; v. (. to manure. 

Dung-hili,(dung'-hil)n. heap 
of dung; a mean situation. 

Dungeon, (dun'jun) u. a cell 
uuaerground ;dark prison 

Duo, (du'O) n. the number 2; 
a song in twt> parts. 

a. proceeding by tufelces; 
twelfth ;— pZ. a rule of arith- 
metic, in which the denom- 
inations rise by twelves ;— 
M(Hf'. duodccenn'iaU (yal) 
occurring every IS years ; 
duodec'uple, Uctlv^oltl. 

Duodecimo, (du-<Mes'i-mO) 
n. book for which the sheet 
IS folded into IS leaves. 

Duodenum.(du-&Kle'nnnO n. 
the second stomach, or flrst 
Of the small intestines im- 
mediately auccecding the 
■toinach, being in man 
about IS inches long, and 
receiving the gnll-dnct;— a. 
duodt^nol, peri;, to this. 

Dupe, (dap)M. one easily de- 
ceived or imposed on ;— v.t. 
to deceive; mislead; trick; 
—a. dQp'able;— «. dup'ery. 

Duplicate, (du'pli-kit) v. t. to 
fold I to double ;— n. an ex- 
act copy ; — a. twofold ^- 
€KfJt. du'ple, du' plicated, 
doubled;— H«. dupUci'tion, 
a fold I a transcript ; dw- 
piex, double or repeating. 

Duplicity. ( du-plis'i-ti) h. 
double-<lealing t deceit. 

Durability, (dur-a-bil'i-ti) n. 
powcrof continuance orof 
resisting decay ;— <r. dur- 
able, hardy; permanent;— 
ad. dnr'ably ;— /i. duKable- 
Iie8s,qaalit\* of lasting ; du- 
I'a'tioii. length of time ^- 
pitp. aur'atg. in course of. 

Durance, (duKans) n. im- 
prlsoiiment; — H. d&r^ess, 
constraint ; luirdship. 

Dusk. (dusk) a. obscure ;— n. 
partial darkness ; twilight; 
— ci.duak'y, of a dark color; 

Sloomy ; overcast » — ad. 
usk'ily ;— a. dusk'inesa. 

Dust, (dukt; n. particles of 
dry earth, or of anything, 
like smoke or vapor ; pow- 
der; the grave, where the 
body becomea dust ; a low 
condition ; — o. (. to free 
from dust; to sprinkle with 
dust ;— a. dnst'y, soiled ; 
like dust ;— ns. dusfiness; 
duster^ feather brush, etc. 

Dutiable, (du'ti-a-bl) a. as 
goods subject to duties. 

Dutiful, (dati-ful) a. obe^ 
dieiit ; respectful ;— a. diV- 
teoux. fiilnllinxdutv : ad*. 
du'tiru!ly, du'teously;— /i.*. 
du'tifulness. du'teousness. 

Duty, (dVti) n. that which is 
due 1 obedience ; what one 
is bouud by any obligation 
to dot one'a proper busi- 
ness ; tax on goods; impost 

Duumvirate, (dii-um'vi-rat) 
N. in ancient Rome,govem- 
mcnt bv two men. 

Dwarf, (dwawrf) n. a dim- 
inutive tree, generally an 
apple or pear tree t a amall 
or deformed man or wom- 
an, and Hndernxed obiccta 
in general « a page or atten- 
dant un a kuight in olden 
Ciiucs; ft. dtpar/'img. amak^ 
ing or keeping small; a. or 
pp, c/iiKiryecr,l>clittledrv.t. 

to hinder from growing;— 
a. below the natural size « 
—a. dwarTish, vei7 amall t 
deapieable i — ad. dwarf- 
ishlv ^-n. dwarf'ishnesa. 

Dwell, (dwel^ v. i. to live m 
a place ; abide viuhabit t to 
rest the attention ; to con- 
tinue Ions ; delay ; linger ; 
— M. dweU'er, inhabitant t 
dweH'ing. mansion ; abode; 
state of Fife ; continuance. 

Dwindle, (dwin'dl) v. i. to 
waste away ; grow less or 
feeble ; become degener- 
ate ;—*}. t. to diminish. 

Dye. (df ) v. t. to color t to 
stain ;— It. coloring liquor ; 
tinge, color, stain ;— ». dye*- 
ing, art of coloring clotha ; 
— M. dyer, one who or that 
which colors ;— n. i;/- rfye- 
$tt^ffi$, dyeing materials. 

Dying,(di'ing) npr. of Di*;— 
a. acstined for death: mor- 
tal; occurring immediately 
before one** acath,as dying 
words; supporting a dying 
person, aa a dying bed ;— 
n. act of that wnicn dies. 

Dynaiiiica, (di'nani-iks) ti. 
jtl. the science o//orceM pro- 
ducing motion in liodies t 
—adj't. dynamic (or al), re- 
lating to power or to the 
effects of forces in r hire. 

Dynamite, (dura-init) n. a 
powerful explosive mate- 
rial or giant powder, made 
of nitro-glvcerine, ftc. 

Dynamometer, (din-am-om'- 
e-ter) n. an instrument for 
gauging power or force. 

Dynnsty, (drna«-ti) n. a net 
of kings ; sovereignty. 

Dysentery, (dis'en-ter-i) n. a 
disease of the entrails or 
bowels, att«tnded with pai;. 
and 4 discharge of mucus 
and blood;— o.dysentcr'ic. 

Dyspepsia, (dis-pep'si) n 
bad digestfbn :— fi. dyspep'- 
tic, pertaining to, or ant- 
ing from indigestion:— n. a 
person thus afflicted. 

Dysphagia, (dis-fa'ji-ai n. in 
iiied. a hysterical difficulty 
in swallowing. 

Dyspnoea, (disp*n§'a) n. % 
medical term denoting • 
difficulty in breathinc. 

Dysuria, (df»-n'ri«) h. moiw 
Did condition, or difficoltf 
of voiding the urine. 


by Google 

A man that has friends must 
show hunself friendly ; and 
there is a friend that sticketh 
closer than a brother. 

A man's best fortune, or his 

worst, is his wife. 
A man's character reaches town 

before his person. — DANISH. 




EACH. («ch) a. everp: deno- 
ting every one separately. 
Eager, (e'ljer) a. keenly de- 
ttFrous; ardent to do or ob- 
tain I eameit t — ad. eajp*- 
erly j— n. eag'emeM, haste. 
Eagle, (I'gl) n a large bird 
of prey j a 
■tan (lard, 
with the 
figure of 
an eagle i 
a gold coin 
of the U.S. 
worth 910 ( 
— lueagiet, 
» young 
•ogle ^- a. 
eogr' /e-e]ye</, discerning i 
•cute t sharp-lighted. 
Eagre, (i'gir) ti. rise of Uie 

tide, same as Bore. 
Ear, (6r)n, the organ of hear- 
ing, or the external part 
merely ; the sense or pow- 
er of bearing t the faculty 
of distinguishing sounds ; 
attention ; anything like 
an ear : a spike ot com ;— 
V. I. to shoot into ears :— 
€uO». cared', having ears; 
enr'less, wanting ears ; not 
willing to listen x—n. ear'- 
ache. a pain in the ear. 
Ear-drum, if K-drum) n. the 

middle cavity of the ear. 
Early, (cr'li) a. flrst» priorin 
time ; in goo<l season : at 
or near the beginning of 
the duy ;—ad. soon ; ready 
before the appointed time; 
commencing young: — n. 
cnrimcss, precocity. 
Earn, (em) i;. t. to gain ; ac- 
quire; merit by services. 
Earnest, (em'est) a. eager t 
diligent : intent ; serious i 
sincere ; — <i. money ad- 
vanced : a pledge ; serious- 
ness ; reality ;—<i(/. eor'nest- 
ly x—n. ear'nestness, real. 
Earnings, (em'ingz> a. jtl. 

the rewards of services. 
Ear-ring, (ir'ring) n. jewel 

or pendant for^he car. 
Earth, (erth) n. the matter on 
the surface of the globe i 


soil ; dry land, as opposed 
to sea; the world ; the peo- 
ple of tlus wtirld ;— I". /. to 
cover with mould : to bury ; 
—I?. I. to burrow ; — «(/«• 
earth-born, spmng from 
the earth ; earth'ly, carnal, 
ftc. : earth • bound, held 
by the earth, as a tree ; 
earth' ward, towards the 
ground; earth'y, like or in- 
hobiting earth ; gross ; un- 
refined ; — n. earth'ineas ^- 
u«. ecwth'^Ht, ground nut ; 
— eor/A'iooritj removal of 
earth in making railwavs 
&c.; afortiflcatien of ea;Ui; 
—cttrth'Worin^ the dew or 
angle worm x a nig^rd. 

Earthen, (erth'n) ». made of 
earth or clay i frail ; — h. 
earth'enware, crockery. 

Earth-flax, (erth-flaks) n. ■•- 
bcstns; fibrous cypsum. 

Eartliling, ( erth-ling ) n. a 
mortal j— a. ear<A%, vile x 
worldly x—n. earth'lmess ; 
—a. earth'Iff-miHfleH, hav- 
ing the mind intent "on 
earthly things; worldly. 

E-irthqunke, (erth'kwftk) n. 
vibration of the ground. 

Ear-wax. (eKwaks) n. sub- 
staQCc secreted in the ear. 

Ear-witness, (er-wit-ncs) n. 
auricular testimony. 

Ease, iiz) n. freedom from 
pain : rest ; faoihty ; nat- 
ural nesn ;—r. t. to relieve 
from pain, trouble or anx- 
iety; rest ; calm x—a. ease'- 
fuL, quiet t — h. eaxo'ment, 
relief, assistance, support; 
—a. eas'y. free from pain ; 
not difficult ; yiehlmg; not 
stiff t unconstrained : not 
straitened for money ;— at/, 
eas'ily, with ea«e i gently i 
—II. eas'iners, rest; oitict. 

Easel, (cz'al) "" 

n. an artist's 
frame for hik 

East, (est) It. 
where the, 

sun rises ; — 

a. easter'ly, east'em, easf- 
ward, in or from the east. 

Easter, (It^r) n. the fesstof 
Christ's resurrection. 

Eat, (Ot) r. t. and t. to take, 
tn»ie, and masticate food t 
to devour; to corrode;— 
jrpr. eat'ing x—t>ret. eat (eO 
orite;— !»/». eat (et) or eaten 
(ffn):—'er;— a. eat- 
able, At to be eaten ; escu- 
lent;— n.;>/. anything used 
as food.— £a( ont'% worrtM, 
retract what one has said. 

Eaves, (ivx) m. pi project- 
ing edges 
of a roof. 


one who 
tries to 

or who re- 

peats private conversations 

Ebb, (eh) v. i. to flew back t 
to sink ( to decay x—n. the 
retiring of the tide ; a de- 
cline or decay ; — n.ebb'- 
tide, low tide t—n. ebbing. 

Ebon,(eb'on) a. like ebony ; 
— n. eb'ony, a hard, heavy 
wood, usually black, ad- 
mitting of a fine polibh. 

Ebricty, (6-brre-ti) h. drunk- 
enness; intoxication. 

Ebullition, ^e-bul-lish'un) n. 
act of boiling t agitation i 
a di.Np1ay of feelme ; an 
outbionk ; — a. ebullient, 
(6-l)ur.vent) boiling over. 

Ecartd. (&-kar'ti) n. a game 
at c ird'i played by two. one 
of whom may exchange liis 
cards for others. 

Eccentric.r il ) (ek-Mu'trik-al) 
a. deviatm^ from the cen- 
ter ; not having the raine 
center as another, said of 
circles ; out of the usual 
course ; irregular i odd ;— 
n. in .Hech., n wheel having 
Its axis out of the center;— 
ad. eccen'trically. quecrly 

Eccentricity, (ek-«on-trig'i4i) 
II. singularity of conduct ; 
oddness; the distance of 
the center of a planet's or- 
bit from center of the sun. 



by Google 

A man's conversation is the mir- 
ror of his thoughts.— Chinese. 

A. man should never be ashamed 
to own that he has been in the 

wrong; which is but saying in 
other words, that he is wiser, 
to-day than he was yesterday 

— Geo. liERBERT. 




n. ft clergyman ;— a. ceclecU 
lu'tical. Hdcerdotal. 

£Gclei>ioIoff3', (ek-ki€-zi-ol'o- 
ji) n.tht Kcienccof building 
and decunitini; churches. 

Echo, (ek'6) i«. a found re- 
tierbcrat'ed ;— r. i. or t. to 
reflect Kound{ to send back 
the sound oi^; to repeat a 
thing Miid i—uL cch'ds. 

EclairciMcmcnt. ( c-klaKsis* 


iBong) n.full explanation, 
clat. (£-kIa') n. •plendort 
applauftc ; renown i effect. 

Ec(ectic,(ek-lck tik) a.Belcct- 
ing ; picking out ;— n. one 
who eelecta opinions, etc., 
from different systems ;— 
fid. eclcc'tically;— n.eclcc'* 
ticisni, the doctrine of the 
Eclectics, certain ancient 
to choose from allsvstems 
the parts they thought true. 

EcUpM, (e-kliiis') n. the in- 
t cr- 

light of one eeiestial bodr 
by another ; loss of bril- 
liancy J darkness ;—r. t. to 
(j^rkcn I to obscure ; to 
outshine or exceed in bril- 
liancy, talcntii, fashion, re- 
pute, etc. ; to extinguish. 

Ecliptic, (e-kliptik) n. a 
great circle on the globe ; 
apiMireut path of the sun. 

Eciogue, (ck'log) n. a poem. 

Econ oin teal, (e k-o-uum'ik-a I ) 
a. Having i frugal i careful; 
-^id. econom'ically 

Economics, (6k-o-nom'iks)n. 
science of the household ; 
political economy. 

Economist, (e-kon'om-ist) n. 
on e who is frugal ; a fituden t 
of political economy. 

Economize, (6-kon'o-mIz) v. 
». to save in expenses. 

Economy, ( c-kon 6-mi ) n. 
fnigal and judicious use of 
money ; a system of rules 
or ceremonies j regular op- 
erations, as of nature. 

Ecstasy, ( ek'sta-si ) n. rap- 
ture ; transport i ioyi— a. 
ec5t«t'ic, 'or al ) deiightfuL 

Ecumenical, (ek-Q-men'ik- 
nl) a. general ; universaL . 

Edacious, ( £-da'shus ) a. 
given to eating; greedy. 

Eddy, (ed'i) n. a circular rao- 
tian of water ; whirlwind ; 
—V. I. to move round, whirl 

Edematose, (c-dem'a-toz) a. 
swelling: dropKical. 

Eden, (i'deit) n. a place of 
pleasure; paradise; ganleu 
of Adam and Eve. 

E<lentate, (e>den-tat) a. want- 
ing front teeth ; tootlileiw. 

Edjge, (ej) n. brink: sharp 
side ; keenuchs of mind or 
appetite;—!', t. to sharpen « 
to place a border oa; to 
provoke ; to urge on ; to 
move sideways, or by little 
and little ; — tul. edge'wiso ; 
n.edge'tooI, cutting knife. 

Edged, (ejdj a. sharpened. 

Edging, (ej'mg) n. a narrow 
lace; border; fringe. 

Edible, (ed'i-bl) a. eat.nble. . 

Edict, (8'dikt> n. a law: proc- 
lamation by authority, as 
the edict orfashion. 

Edifice, (ed'i-fis) h. a lai^ge 
building ; a structure. 

Edify, (ed'i-fi) v. build 
up m Kuown^lffe and good- 
ness ; to inu)rQye : to en- 
lighten ; please ;— n». edifi- 
ca'tion, instruction ; pro- 
gress in knowledge or in 
goodncsR; ed'ifier. teacher ; 
— a. edifv'ing,-improving. 

Edit, (ed'fi) t>. t. to supei in- 
tend or prepare a book or 
work for publication. 

sion of a book; number of 
copies printed;—)! ed'iting 

Editor, (ed'i-ter) m. one who 
edits a book or journal;— 
fern, ed'itress ;— a. ana n. 
editd'rial, an article in the 
editorial columns ; — ad. 
edito'iially ;—'itorship. 

Educate, (cd'u-kat) v. t. to 
bring up; to teach ; to dis- 
cipline : to cultivate any 
power ; •— »w. cduca ' tion, 
training; instruction of 
children or of the people: a 
strengthening of the pow- 
ers of bodyor mind ; educa'- 
tionist. eauca ' tor, person 
skilled in methods of teach- 
ing ; one who promotes ed- 
ucation ; — a.educa'tional. 

Eduee, (c-dus') v. t. to lead 
or draw out ; extract ; elicit j 
develop; bring to light ;— a. 
cducible ;— n. e'duct, chem- 
ical product ; n. educ'tion. 

Eel, ii\) n. a genus of fis\\ 
living chiefly in muddy 
bottoms of ponds, ftc. 

E'en, (6 it) i>oetical contrac- 
tion of even ; e'er, ever. 

Efface, (ef fia) v. t. to de- 
face ; to blot out ; to w«ar 
away;— n. eflace'ment. 

Effoceable, ( ef-f as'a-bl ) a. 
that can be rubt>ed out 

Effect, (cf-fekt) n. a thing 
done : result of an action ; 

, impression produced; per- 
fection: reality: influence ; 
issue ;— n. pi. effects', con- 
sequences ; goods ;«mova- 
bfes ; — V. t. to , b;'ing to 
pass ; to accomplish ;— a 
effectib'.e ; — n. effec'tion^ 
a doing; in geoin., con- 
struction of a proposition. 

Effective, (ef-fckf iv) a. able 
to produce; powerful; ser- 
viceable;— arf. effectively ; 
— n. effec'tivenesn ;— a. ef- 

{ect'ual, efficacious; suc- 
essfiri;— af^. effectually. 

Effectuate, (ef-fekt'u-it) v.t. 
to bring to pass ; effect. 

Effeminate, (ef-fem'i-nit> a. 
womnnidh; weak ; teiiaer; 
unmanly ; cowardly ; vo- 
luptuous ; — r. f. to make 
Vomanish ; to unman ;— r. 
». to become weak ;— ot/. ef- 
feminately i—ns. efEcin'in- 
ateness, effeminacy, wo- 
manish Boftnefs or weak- 
ness; unmanly indtilgence. 

Effervesce, (ef-fer-vesO v. i. 
to boil gently ; to bubble 
and hhs ; to froth up ;— 
arlj*' cffervcsc ' ibie, fer- 
mentable : cffcrvcs'cent, ef- 
fcrves'cing, bubbling from 
the disengagement of gas ; 
— n. effervcsc'cnce, foam. 

Effete, (ef-f et'; a. bjrren; ex- 
hausted ; out of date. 

Efficacious (cf-fi-ka'shus) n. 
power to produce the re- 
sult intended; force; en- 
erey ; ad. effica'ciotiRly ; n.t. 
entca ' ciuusness, effica'cy, 

S>wer ; strength ; virtue, 
cicut, (ef-fish'ent ) a. 
causing effects : cnpnbic : 
working out results ; — n. 
the person or thing that 
effects ',—ad. efficiently;— 
nn. cffic'icnce, (or cy) ca- 

Sacitr. usefulness^ abiUty 
> acmeve certain results. 
Effigy, (ef'fl.ji) n. image of 


by Google 

A man's manners shape his for- 
tune. [Danish. 
A man's word is his honor. — 
All fish are not caught with flies. 

A' medium course will be the 

safest. — IjiTiN. 
A merchant that gains not loses. 
Small Latin, and less Greek. — G. 




n person t r^Mrabl«ne«; the 
iiiipresiiiou ou a coin. 

Efloi-cacen c«, ( el - flo - re»'- 
fn*) M. the thne of flower 
ing( n rcdnosd of ^kin s the 
form ition of • while pow- 
der oa the nurlace of ood- 
ie« or of miiitite eryttnlA ; 
—a. o. -flo re« cent, ithoot- 
1:13; into white threads on 
the Kurfacc, Ac. :— r. 1. ef- 
floresce', to bl'>iisoni forth; 
to lioari*h ;— in cAcm., to 
bsc/>me covered with a 
white dust : f onn crjstalB. 

Effluent, (erfi«-ent) n. n 
stream flows out of 
oHot'.ier stream, river or 
like -.—a. flowing from :— 
w*. effluence, emanation 1 
lasne; efflux, effusion. 

Eflluvium. (ef-flu'vi-um) a. 
exhalations from bodien ; 
dieagreeiible vapors fisinjc 
from decaying matter t— ». 

SK Effluvia, miasmata, 
brt, (effort) «. exertion 
of iitrcnj;th ; endeavor. 

Effrontery, fef-front'er-i) n. 
shanicle^sness; impudence 

Effulyont, (cf-furjenl^ a. 
shininf ; extremely bright; 
ftplendid ;—ful. effurKent- 
\y i—n efTursencc. n flood 
of h?ht; pplendor; lutitcr. 

Effusion, (et-fiVz!iun) «. a 
pourinzout, iis words ; loss 
of fluids; - a. effu'^ive, 
pouring forth ; dinpcniing; 
ad. eff u'si vcly ; m . -erf u'si ve- 
ness. great volubilitv, etc. 

Effor, (csf) n. nn oval body 
laid by birds ond certain 
other aulinaU, from Vrhich 
their younjfr i« produced by 
heat; any thinff eafJi-^haped 

Eglantine, (cff'lan-tin) n. n 
name jjivcn to the swcct- 
l»rier. honeysuckle, and 
Komo other sneciesof rose 
who!«e branches arc cov- 
ered witii nharp prickles. 

Egoism. Ce'jyo-izin) n. an ex- 
cessive love of one's self ; 
the doctrine of the Egoist*, 
n cHssof philosophers who 
doubted evcrytning but 
their own existence. 

Egotism, (e'go-tism) n. self- 
commendation : a praising 
one'^ self ; self-exaltatiim. 

EgotiHt, (e'so-tist) n. one 
who speaks much of him- 
self, witli A frequent use 

•f the pronoun 1;— a. cgot- 
isfic, self-important ; con- 
ceited i—ft(t. cgotist'icallv. 

Egotize, (e'got-lz) r. t. to 
talk niucli of one's f>elf . 

Egregious, (G-grg'ji-us) a. 
great; cnonnou»; pnlpoblc; 
— ad. cgrc'gioiislyjjrreatlj'. 

Egress, (c'g-es) n. tS^atft of 
going out of a place ; pow- 
er of right to depnrt ; the 
facilities for departure. 

Egyptian, (4-jip'shi-an) n. a 
gipxy; a native of Egypt. 

Eh, (i) inf. expressing in- 
quiry oi* slight surprise. 

Elder, (fder) m. a northern 
sea-foA-l wiOi very soft 
fine plumage or down. 

Eidograph,(i'd6-gmf ) M.a tool 
for copying dmwings. 

Eight, (at) a. twice four;— h. 
8 or viti. ; eighth.X part; m/, 
eighthly, in the Hth place « 
eight-fold, eight times nnr 
qtiantity :—a.,n. eight'/, 80. 

Eighteenmo, (it'en-mo) n. 
18 mo.; 1ft leaves to the sheet 

Either, fi'ther, fther) a. or 
Mrofi. one or the other; each 

ejaculate, (e-jal^'u-lft*) »'• *• 
to throw OMt ; to utter with 
suddenness; to speak short 
and quick;— M.ejacula'tion; 
— a.ejac'ulatofy, Kuddcu. 

Eject.(6-jekr)r.f. to cast out; 
to dispossess; to dismiss; to 
expel, as from the stomach; 
— «.«. ijcc'tioii, eject'ment, 
expulsion ; a writ to onutf . 

Eke, CSk) r. /. to increase ; to 
lengthen ; — ad. also. 

Elaborate. (e-lab'or-4t) v.'t. 
to produce with labor ; to 
t'ikc pains with; to improve 
by successive operations;— 
rr.donc vnth exactness and 
fullness: highly finixhed;— 
ad. elab'oratvly ?—/?■». clab' 
oratcneifs, fullness; prolix- 
ity 1 great length ; clabora'- 
tion, improve:nent or re- 
finement by labor; the pth- 
ces« by wfiich substances 
are fonned 1:1 or by the or- 
gans of animals or plants. 

Elapse, ^Maps') r. 1. to glide 
aw.iy silently, as time. 

Elastic, (f-last'ik) a. spring- 
ing back ; able to recover 
quickly a former sfcxte or 
condition after a shock ;— 
ad. elas'ticallr, as a spring. 

Elasticity, ( 6-las-tis'i-ti ) n. 

quility of bcingdr«wn out 
like rubber; springineMi ; 
|)Ower t) recover fn»m d«- 
. pression of spirits, etc. 

Elate. (c-Iit')<(. flushed with 
success ;— >'. r. to puif up. 

Elation, (C-!a'shuii) m. arro- 
gance: pn:le of prosperity. 

Elbow, (clb6)». the bend 
of the anil ; any sharp turn 
<Jr bend:— c. /. or L to en- 
croach 00 ; to jut into an 
angle : to push rudely : to 
crowd along sideways ;— n. 
el'bOwing, jostling: intrud- 

' ing ;— M. el'botP-room, space 

Elder, r elder I a. having 
lived longer ;— n. an older 

t>erson ; an ecclesiastical oi- 
Icert au ancestor; a tree 
bearing pnrple berries. 

Elderly, (eld'cr-li>«. border- 
ing on old age ;— a. eld'est, 
oldest ; — n. eld'ership, se- 
niority; office of an elder. 

Elecampane, (el-e-kam-pau) 
». ft plant with spicy roots. 

Elect, (e-leHf ) r. t. to choose 
for office or for any pur- 
pose ; to select by vote;— a. 
preferred 1 chosen for an 
office, but not yet in it;— ». 
one set apart.— The Eled, 
in theol., those chosen by 
Uod for eternal salvation. 

Election , ( £-lek' shun) n . 
choice s preference ; a day 
on whicn candidaten for 
office arc voted for ;— r. 1. 
electioneer', to make excr- 
etions for the clcctjoii of a 
candidate, by public speak- 
ing, newApapcr articles, 
etc. ;— «. elec'tive. depend- 
ent on choice ; selecting : 
— fi(^ elect* ircly, bv ciioicc. 

Elcct.)ral. (e-lekt'or-^l)<i. be- 
longing to nn elector. — 
Electoral CoUcf/e^ bodv of 
electors of the President 
and Vice-Presidont of llu' 
U. S.;— u. clcct'or, a voter. 

Electric, (nl) <e-lek'tr:k)(al) 
a. having the p -opcrtv of 
ambcr^ namely, that of at- 
tmctingaud repelling light 
bodies when rubbed : per- 
taining to or produced b/ 
electricity ;— n.anyelcctnc 
substance t e non-nconduct- 
or of electricity, os amber, 
gUss, kc.i ad. elccf ncally ; 
—nn. electric'ian, an oper- 
ator m electric science; 


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A man's work is from sun to sun; 
but a woman's work is never 
done. [beast. 

A merciful man is merciful to his 

A mind content, both crown and 
kingdom is. — R, Greene. 

A mind diseased, no remedy can 
physic — Byron. 




clcctrom'eter, electric ma- 
rhme Ut gausc currents. 

Electricity, (c^ek-tri»'i-ti) n. 
t te science which investi- 
c itc>> the phenoment and 
law-!! of that property or 
power which causes attrac- 
tion and repulsion between 
bodies or particles of mat- 
ter; the electric fluid. 

Electrify, (e-lck'tri-Cl) v. 
charg;e with electricity ; to 
astonish; to fill with en- 
thusiasm;— a. elec'tri&ablc: 
—n. electrifica'tion. 

Electro-mafnietism, (ilek'- 
ism excited by electricity. 

Electrotype, (e-Iek'tr6-tip) ». 
a copy of an engraving or 
page of type on a metal de- 
i>o»ited by electricity. 

Electnary, ( e-lek'tQ-ar-i ) n. 

"^m medicine, composed of 
powdera, conserves, &c. 

Elemosynary, ( cl-£-ino8'i- 
nar-il a. given in charity ; 
relating to alms-giving. 

Elegance, (el'S'gans) n. pol- 
ish in manners ; propriety ; 
grace { beauty of diction ( 
refinement ; — a. el'egant. 

E>lite ; pleasing to good 
ste : graceful ; neat ; re- 
fined; nice ; ad. el egantly. 

Elcgiacal, (el-e-jrak-al> a. 
used in elegy » mournful ; 
— ». and a. elegi'ac, sor- 
rowful verse ;— n. d'cgist. 

Elegy, (el'g-ji) ». a funeral 
poem ; sons expressive of 
sorrow and lamentation. 

Element, (el'e-ment) n. one 
of tiie e^ or constitu- 
ent parts of anything; an 
ingredient] theproper state 
or sphere of anything or 
being i—pl. the rudiments 
of anythmt; < — in chem., 
the bimple bodies that have 
not been decomposed ; the 
bread and wine used at 
Communion ;— «. element'' 
nl, pertaining to first prin- 
ciples i—O'J. elemenfally. 

Elementary, (el-g-mcnrar-i) 
a. primary j nncomponnd- 
ed ; rudimcntal ; initial. 

Elephant, (el'e-fant) n. the 
Inrpest of quadrupeds;— a. 
elephan'tine, huge; coarse. 

Elevate, <el'6-vftt) r. t. to 
raise ; exnlt ; elate:— a. ele- 
va'ted, as the thoughU, &e. 

Elevation, (el-e-vi'shun) n. 
act of raising or improv- 
tng ; a rising ground ; hill; 
exaltation (dignity of style; 
in arch., a geometrical 
v'ew of the side of n build<< 
ing ; — in gwi., the angle 
made bv the line of direc- 
tion of n gun with the 
plane of the horizon. 

Elevator, (d'evft-tor) n. a 
machine for raising gram. 

Eleven, (6-lev'n)<T, one more 
than ten ; numeral II. 

Elf, (elf) n. an imaginary 
spirit; a dwarf •,—/>/. Elves. 

Elicit. (64ifc'it^ r. /. to draw 
forth i to bnne tp light. 

Eligible, (cl'i-ji-Bl)rt. legally 
qualified i fit to Qe chosen t 
worthy of choice; suitable; 
desirable ;— a</. el'igibly;— 
ns.cligibirity, eligibleness, 
the state of being desira- 
ble ( fitness for office. 

Elision, (g-lizhun) n. the 
cli^iMg off of a vowel at 
thJBTa of a word, as th'. 

Elite. <4-Iet') n.pick; select 
pirt ; f-whionable society. 

Efixir, (c-liks'er) «. a com- 
pound tincture; refined 
spirit I the quintessence of 
anything ; a cordial. 

Elk, (elk) «- a deet or stag. 

Ell, (el) n. a cloth measure 
equal to IV yard. 

Elliiise, (el-upi') tu an oval 
figure ^ 
by a regu- 
lar curve. 

Enipsis,(el- . 

llps'is) w. « flgorp of syn- 
tax by which a word or 
words are left out and im- 

J)lied;— /?/. Ellipses;— a. el- 
ip'tic (al), oval ; having a 
part understood. 

Elm. (elm) h. a tree which 
grows to a majestic size. 

Elocution, (el-<v-ku'«hun> u. 
distinct utterance; fluency; 
style or manner of speak- 
ing ;— n. elocu'tionist ;— a. 
elocu'tionary, eloquent. 

Elongate. (e-Iong'gftt) v. t. to 
draw out ; extend ; — n. 
elonga'tion, continuation ; 
extension ; distance. 

Elope, liAbp') V. I. to run 
away secretly, as a woman 
and lover »— n. elope'ment. 

Eloquence, (el'6-kwens) n. 

correct, appropriate, ex- 
pressive, thi-iUing and per^ 
suasivelauguace; oratoryi 
— a. el'oquenfl speaking 
with elegance, fluency and 
power i—ad. el'oquently. 

Else, (els) a. other ; besides i 
—ad. otherwise : except. 

Elsewhere, (elsTiwir) ad. in 
some other place. 

Elucidate, (C-lu si-dit) i;. t. 
to explain : to make clear ; 
illustnite :— M.t.cluckla'tion, 
elu'cidator ; — a. elu'cida- 
tive, making lucid or clear. 

Elude, (e-ludj r. ^ to escape 
by artifice ;— a. elQd'ible. 

Elusion, (e-lu'zhun> ». an 
artful escape ; evasion ; — 
affjs. clu'sive, elu'sory, 
fallacious ; deceptive ; eva- 
sive i—ad. eln'tsively. 

Elysian, (e-lizh'yan) «. very 
cteltghttul ; blissful : — n. 
clys'itun, in nisrfA., the 
heaven of pagans t any 
delightf u I place ; a paradise 

Emaciate, (e-mft'shi-it) r. t. 
or t. to lose or cause to lose 
flesh J to waste away ;— «. 
#in&cia'tion. leanness. 

Emanate, (em'&-nat) r. i. to 
issue or proceed from; to 
arise ;— H. eroani'tion, that 
which issues from some 
source ;— a. em'anfttire, is- 
suing out; effluent. 

Emanci pate, ( e-man'si-pit ) 
V. t. free from slavery or 
restraint ; — m. emancipat'or 

Emancipation ,(e-tnan-«i-pi'- 
shuii)«i. act of delivering 
from bondage of any kind; 
the state of nein{E(set free. 

Emnsculate,(e-maslcu-Iat) v. 
t. to deprive of the proper- 
ties of a male or of mascu- 
line strength or vigor; to 
castrate ; to render effem- 
inate ;— n. emasculation. 

Embalm, (em-bMm) v. t. to 
preserve fmro decay by 
aromatic herbs, as a dead 
body ; to cherish with care 
and affection ; a.embalm'er 

Embank, (em-bangk') r. 
enclose or defend with a 
bank ordike;— n.embank'- 
ment, a mound to hold 
back water ; a bed of tarth 
for railroad tracks. 

Embargo, (em-bar'go) n. « 

{irohibition of shipa \6 
cave port I stoppago of 


by Google 

A mirror reflects whatercr is be- 
fore it, — Tamil. 

A monkey remains a mcmkey, 
though dressed in silk. 

A mother's prayer will draw np 
from the depths <rf the~sea. — 
Russian. [year. 

A minute a day is sixty hours a 




trade, as a war meaaure t— 
V t. to lay an embargo on. 

Embark, (em-b*rk') v. t. to 
enter on board { to engage 
in any businesi oraffnTr;— 
V. t. to go on board ship {— 
n. embarki'tion. 

EnibarraM, ( em-bar'as ) v. t. 
to perplex J involve in dif- 
ficulty, e«p. in money rast- 
ters ; encumber ; abatli ;— 
n. embarraaament, perplex- 
ity ; confusion ; distress, 
or pecuniary difllculties. 

Embassy, (em'ba^i ) n. the 
person or persons sent as 
ambassadors to a foreign 
nation, and their clutrge or 
function i holy message. 

Embattle, (em-bafl) v. t, to 
set in order of battle. 

Embay, (em-bA*) v. f. to en- 
close HI a bay ; tt> landlock. 

£mb«llish,(em-bcrish) v.t. to 
adorn ; to make beautiful 

Sr graceful I to decorate; to 
lustrate pictorially, as a 
book I — a. embellished, 
beautified ;— n. cmbeirish- 
ment, decoration, ete. 

Embcnt. fem'beri) n. pi. red 
hot cinders : thesmoulder- 
in{? remains of a fire. 

Embezzle, (cm-be xi) r. i. U> 
appropriate trust funds; 
to waste or dissipate ; to 
steal;— n-f. cmbeza'lertem- 
bezzle'meiit, unlawful ap- 
propriation of what is en- 
trusted to one's care. 

Emblazon, (cm-bla'zn) v. t. 
to adorn with figures of 
heraldry t to deck in glar- 
ing colors ;— itf.cmbla'zon- 
mcn t, embla' zon ry .display 
of figures on shields. 

Emblem, (em'blem) n. tvpe t 
symbol ; representation ;— 
a. emblemat'ical,rcpresent- 
ing by a figure ;— m/. em- 
blematically, allusively. 

Embody , (cm-nodi) en- 
gross { to make corporeal t 
express^-n. embodiment. 

Embolden, (em-bu^d'n) v. t. 
to make courageous. 

Embolus, (im'ho-lus) n. any- 
thing m^rted and acting 
in another, as the sucker 
or valve in a pump. 

Embonpoint, (ong-bong- 

pwonjf )>». plampness,fleth 

Embordcr, (em-bor'der) v. t. 

to adorn with a border. 

Embosom, (em-booz'um) vJ. 
to receive into the affec- 
tions ; enclose i surround. 

Emboss, ( em - bos' ) v.t. to 
adorn with raised work i— 
tu. cmboss'er.cniboKsinent 

Embouchure(em- bOO-shOOr' ) 
n. mouth of a river, can- 
non, etc. { nK>uth-hole cf a 
musical wind instrument. 

Embfjwcr, (em-bow'er) v. t. 
to lodge in a twwer; to 
shelter, as with trees. 

Embrace, ( eiii-brij»' ) v. t. to 
clnsn in the arms ; admit \ 
receive » to enclose or eoni- 

firise ; to take eagerly j— m. 
ond pressure in tlie arms. 
Embrasure, (cm-b.&'zhur> n. 

widcuiog of the M|rture 
of a door or windoi^ 

Embrocate, (em'bro-k&t) r. f. 
moisten end rub, as sores: 
n. embrocation, lotion used 

Embroider,(cm-bmid'er) r. f. 
to omantent with designs 
in needlework ;— 1». em- 
broid'ery,fine needlework; 
varhrg^tmn ; arti.lcial oma* 
ments; — n. embroid'erer. 

Embroil. (CTn-broil') r. t. to 
disturb; confuse; entangle; 
diPtmct ; involve in a dis- 
turbance; a. embroilincnt, 
contention ; entanglement. 

Embryo, (em'hri-*) fi.genu ; 
nidi'inents of an animal or 

Jilant. &c., not distinctly 
ormed « the beginning of 
anything;— rt. embryonic, 
denoting anything in an 
initini state ; rudimentary. 

Emendation, (em-cn«d&'- 
shun) n. removal of a fault 
or error; improvement;— 
ac(i9. emcnd'atorr, helping 
to correct; emcnd'nble, im- 
prove hie ;— n. em'endator. 

Emerald, (em'er-ald) n. a 
gem of a p'lre green color. 

Emerge, <e-merj') v. i. to rise 
out of a fiuid or other sub- 
stance » reappear after be- 
ing concealed; issue; come 
into view ;— n. emeKsinn. 

Emergency, <e-meri'en-at} n. 
unexpected erentt sodocn 

appearance r pressing ne- 
cessity i-;a. cmer'gent. ur- 
gent i—aa. emergcntiy. 

Emery, (ein'er-i) n. a min- 
eral Ukcd in polishing. 

Emetic, (£-metik)a. provok- 
ing vomiting ^-fl. a vomit. 

Emeu, (i-mu)ii. an ostrich. 

Emicatiun, (eni-i-kfAhun)!!. 
a flying off in small par- 
ticles, ssfrnm rcfl-liotiran. 

fitntgrate, (ein' v. t. to 
remove from one's nntive 
ewintry.or from one State 
to another for ret<ide«ce;— 
ns. eniigra'tion, emigrant. 

Eminence, (emi-nens) n. a 
riHng ground ; hill ; sum- 
mit ; fame ; distinction. 

T^i'iiinent, <em'i-ncnt> <s. 
high ; exalted : rising above 
others t conspicuous ; ^is- 
tinguisl>ed i—a>l. eminent* 
ly. in a high degree. 

rmissary, (em is-sar-i) n. a 
lecret agent t a spy. 

Jtiiim'itfiion, (i-mish'nn> m. a 
sending out, as money. 

Emit, (€-mit') v. t. to send 
out I put into circulation. 

Emmet, (em'et) n. the ant. 

Emollient, (c-moryent) a. 
softening; making supple; 
— n. a medicine which re- 
laxes;— ?>. i. emoliiate. soft- 
en ; to render effeminate. 

Emolument, (e-mol'u-mcnt) 
». proHt fromeniployinenti 
advantage ; official gains. 

Emotion, (e-md'shun) ». ex- 
citement of mind ; agitation 
of tlie feelings ;— a. emo'- 
tional, easily moved. 

Eniimle. (em-pil') p. t. to in- 
clojte with pickets t put to 
death by fixing on a stake; 
— n. empale'ment, calyx.ftc 

Emnhasis,(em'f a-sis) n.stress 
of the voice -on particular 
words or syllables to make 
the meaning elear ; im- 
pressiveness of expression 
or weight of thought ;—pL 
em'phases r— r. t. em'pha- 
fize,tw utter strongly or with 

Eoints— <i. em'phatic. forci- 
le ;—att. emphatically. 
Empire. (em'pir> n. domin« 
ions of nn empcro.'i gov- 
emnicut i—n. ein'i>eror. 
Empiric, (al) (ef)i^plr'ik) a. 
resting on trial or experi- 
ment i used and applied 
without aeionce i — «• • 


by Google 

A mof -tain labored and brought 
- forth a mouse. — Tamil. 

A multitude of books distracts 
rthe mind, (Latin-)— Seneca, 

A multitude o£ physicians have 
destroyed me. — Latin. 

A nimble sixpence is better than 
a slow shilling. 




quack who relict on «x- 
•pcrienoe alone without a 
Jugular medical educiu 
-tlons— a<f. cmpir'ically;— n. 
cnipir'icism, ouackery. 

Employ, <eiu-ploy') v. t. to 
.uso ; exercise ; cn^ge » oc- 
cupy the time or attention 
^of ;— /w.«/»tpto7'. employ- 
ment, engragement; l)uai- 
ncss ', occvpntion : office. 

Eniploye. (em-plov'i) n. one 
•Who 18 employed. 

Employer, <em-j)loy'cr > i«. 
tme who em ploys or use*. 

rmporium, (ctn-p6'ri-uiu) m. 
a -jity of extensive trade, &c 

Emi)owcr,(e»n-|>ow'eri n. 
authori ze: ^ve IcgHl power 

Einpty, (em'ti) a. void ; un- 
tumishedt vacant; with- 
out effect; unsatisfactory; 
wanting sulwtance or «x- 
istencc ;—v, t. or «*. to- di<*- 
eharge its contents ; moke 
void;— n.emp'tiness, vanity 

Umpurple, feinrDur'pl) v.t. 
to put into or dye pnrple. 

Empyrean, (em-pi-ri'an) m. 
higiiest, purest heaven ;—a. 
cm py 'real, fornted of pure 
fire or light; heavenly. 

Emulate, (em'u4at) r. t. to 
strive to equal or excel; to 
•rival; to imitate?— n». emu- 
la'tion, em'ulator ;— a. em- 
•iiiative, inclined to excel. 

Emulous. {em'u-luH) n. do- 
sirouB of {ike excellence 
with another ;— a*/, cm'u- 
louslv, competitively. 

Emulnfon, (e-murshun) n. a 
milk-like mixture prepared 
from almoudsor mild, oily 
aubstances ;— a. emulsive. 

Enable, (en-i'bl) v. t. tocive 
power, strength or author- 
ity to ;— a. ena'bling,quali- 
fymg, as a iaw, etc 

Enact, (en-akf) r. t. to &e- 
crce by law ; to perform. 

Enactment, (en-akfment) n. 
the passing of a bill; a law. 

Enamel, (cn-am'el) v. n sub- 
stance like glaj>!«, which is 
melted and used for inlay- 
ing jewelry, punting. &c.; 
a smooth.'haid coatmz,as 
that of the teeth: anythmg 
enamelled;— r. t. to coat 
with, or paint in, enamel ; 
— ppr. and n. enam'clling, 
art of laving on enamel. 
', Ccu-«m'iu:> V. t. to 

inflame with love ; charm; 
a. enam'ored, in love with. 

Encamp, (ea-kamp') v. t. or 
I. to pitch tents ; form into 
acam]^ ;— «. eneamp'uient, 
a lodging for troops ; tents 
for religJouB meeting 

Eiicaustiej < cn-kaws'tik ) <c. 
burned im ordone by heat; 
n. painting m melted wax. 

£nceinte, (ang-»ant')«.(/V.) 
pregnant { ». anmnport 

Enchain, (en-chin') v. t. to 
bind ; hold fast; link to- 
gether ; to interefst and ab- 
sorb, as by on elegant dis- 
course, story or picture. 

Enchant, (en-chanf) v. /. to 
charm; delight im. a high 
degree;— ns. enchant'er, a 
sorcerer or magician ; one 
who fascinates ; enchant- 
Rsa, a charming woman ; 
enchanf ment, fascination; 
magie arts ; delight ;— ar(;>. 
encliaufing, enchant'ed; 
—at/, cnchantingly. 

Enchase, (^en-chaa) r. (. to 
adorn by embossed work. 

Encircle, (en-ser'kl) ». t. to 
enclose by acircle; encom- 
pass ; surround; embrace. 

Enclitic <en-kUt'ik } a. that 
inclines or leansupon :— n. 
im ginm^ a wordor particle 
so united to another as to 
seem a paitof it; particle 
that throws the accent on 
the foregoing syllable. 

Encomiuin,(en-k5'mi-um) »i. 
panc^ryrie; praise;— ///.en- 
co'miisms; cLencOMiiast'ic, 
eulogistic ;— ». encO'miast, 
one who praises; IMogist. 

EncompaM, <en-kum'pa8) 
V. t. to inclose; surround ; 
— II. en cora 'passmen t, cir- 
rutnhcttfton vi kaiguage. 

Encore, (ang-k^) v. t. to call 
for a repetition of ;— m/., 
n., tttt^ a^ain ; once more 

Eacounter. ^en-kounlcri «. 
a mectiag unexijectedly; 
« fltcht; an interview;— n. 
f. to meet suddenly, face to 
face; tooppnse; resist. 

Encourage, (en-kur'aj) v. L 
to give courage to ; incite i 
inspire with spirit or hope; 
—a. encour'&gmg, stimula- 
ting ;— n. cncour'agement, 
support; incitement ; — n. 
encour'ager <— <icf. cneoaf* 
■gingly, Bucceaaf ally. 

Encrinite, (en'kri-nit> n. tiie 
itoneMly; a fos^ili^ed ani- 
mal on a lone stalk, with 
a hly-shapedltcad i—a. en- 
cri'ual, rclatius; to or cou- 
taininr encrtnlte». 

Encroach, (en-kiiOch')r. t. to 
intrude; to «eize gradually 
Ott the rights of others ; to 
trespass ;— ». encjooch'er; 
— ad. encroach'infiv ;— If. 
encroach'inent, unlawful 
intrusion ; seizure; wrong. 

Encumber, (en-kum'ber; v. 
t. to clog ; hinder motion 
hf some impediment, as 
overloading ; (o embarrass 
with debts, etc.; — n. en- 
cum'brance, burden; legal 
claim on an estate. 

1 ncyclieal. (en-stk'Uk-«]> a. 
aeut to many aersona. 

Encyclopedia, Cen-si-kld-pe'. 
di-a> n. an elaborate work 
on the whole circle of sci- 
ences ; — a. encydOpe'diau. 

Encysted, (en-dst'cd) a. en- 
closed in a evst ar bag. 

End, (end) n. limit ; extreme 
point: reKult: ultimate ob- 
ject; design; oonsequence: 
« fragment; close ; death; 
—n. end'ing, conclusion ; 
— i*.^or I. tonniah: tocloM; 
destroy : cense >— n. end-aU, 

Endanger, (en-dftnier) v. t. 
to expose; jeopardise. 

Endear, (en-a€r) t>. t. to ren- 
der dear, or beloved ;—n. 
endear 'ment, that which 
excites affection ; caress. 

Endeavor, (en-dev'ur) n. ef- 
fort ; attempt ; exertion ;— 
c. i. to try « strive : aspire. 

Endemic (en-dero'ik) a. ne^ 
culiar to a people or dis- 
trict, as a diaea&e; — n. prev- 
alent aaalarial disease. 

Endless, <end'les) « . withont 
end or object; continual ; 
everlasting; atZ-endlessly; 
— n. endlessness^ etemfty. 

Endogcn, ( en'dd-icn ) n. a 

f>lant thatgrows from with- 
n, or by additions to the 
in Hide 8tem, as the palm, 
grtvtsi!S,&c. ; a. endog'enous 

Endow, (cn-dow') r. ». to fur- 
nish with dower, or with a 
fund ; to enrich with any 
gift, orfaculty ;— n-endoW- 
ment. settlement ; meHtal, 
moral, or natural gifts. 

Endurable, ( en-d&r^a-bl ) a. 


by Google 

A picture is a poem without J A noble man ennobles his work, 

• words. (Latin.) — Horace. 
A pitcher that goes oft to the 
.well is broken at last. 

—Gail Hamilton. 
A place for everything, 
everything in its place. 





that may be suffered or 
bomes— iK/. endur'ably. 

Endurance, (en-dur'aDR) n. 
continuance: atrength to 
bear ; patitnce ; fortitude. 

Endure, (en^fir*) v. t. or i. 
tocoDtinuet undergo; bear. 

Eudwiae, (end'wiz) ad. on 
end ; with the end first 

Enema, (e-nc'mft) n. an in* 
jection into the bowels. 

Enemy, (en'e-mi) n. a foe ; 
niie who hates or dislikes. 

Energrctic, ( en-er-jet'ik ^ «. 
forcible ; active; effective ; 
—ad. enersret'ically ;— v. t. 
energize', to jfive vigor. 

Energy, (en'er-ji) n. internal 
strength ; power exerted ; 
vigorous operation ; spirit. 

Enervate, (fi-nefvftt) v. t. to 
deprive of nerve, vigor or 
courage .•—fl. ener'vating; 
—It. enervation .feebleness. 

Enfeeble, (en-fe'bl) v. t. to 
weaken j make feeble ;— n. 
enfee'blement, weakness. 

Enfeoff, (en-f«() v. t, to give 
an estate in fee. 

Enfilade, (en-fc-lid') n. a 
straight line, open from 
end to end ;— r. t. to rake 
with shot in a hue. 

Enforce, ( en-fors ) v. t. to 
strengthen ; urge ; give ef- 
fect to ;— n. cnforce'ment. 

Enfranchise, ( en-fran'chiz) 
r. t. to set free; to admit to 
political or civil privileges; 
w. rnf ran'chiscmcnt 

ICngage, (en-gdj') i». t. to bind 
by a pledge « gain for ser- 
vice; win; occupy; embark 
in nny businesn ;— 1». i. to 
pledge one'u word ; to ho- 
conio bound : to enter into 
conflict ;— n. engage'ment, 
pledge ; obligation ; busi- 
Iie8»;n baltlc;— a. rngaged'. 

Engaging, (en-gaj*ing) a. at- 
tractive ; winning. 

Engender, (cn-jen der) v. t. 
to beget ; to produce ; to 
BOW the seeds of ;—v. i. to 
be caused or produced. 

Engine, (eu'liu) n. an in- 
strument of action, as a 
complex machine, steam 
engine or locomotive. 

Engineer, (en-ji-ner') n. one 
skilled in mechanics or 
stemm engines; one who 
eonstructs rottds, canals, 
bridges, ftc., called a civil 

• engineer ; — n. cngincer'- 
ing. the art of an engineer. 

Engird, (en-gei^') i'. r. to en- 
compass; to encircle. 

English, (ing'gliali) m. lan- 
guage or people of Eng. 

Engrave, (en-griv') i*. t. to 
cut with a grover a repre- 
sentation ot anything on 
wood, steel, &'c. : impress 
deeply, as the mind ;— 
grav'er;— 7». engnsv' 
of cutting dewignsnn «ond, 
&c.; engraved plate; print. 

Engross, (en-gros') v. t. to 
monopolize ; to take or as- 

sume in undue quantitv ; 
to copya writing distinctly 5 
to occupy wholly ;■ 

gross'cr, engross'ment. 

Engulf, (cn-gulf) v. t. to 
overwhelm ; overflow. 

Enhance, (en-hans') v. t. to 
raitic in price ; add to ; in- 
crease ;—v. I. to be raised ; 
to swell ; — n. enhancc'- 
ment.increase; aggravation 

Enigma, (e-nig'ma) n. a rid- 
dle ; obscure expression or 
meaning ; — a. cnigmafic- 
al, ambiguous ; obscure ; 
puzzling;— af/. enigmat'ic- 
ally ;— «. enigmat'ist. 

Enjoin ,(en-ioih') r. t. to bid 1 
command : to direct with 
authority or urgency. 

Enjoy, (en-joy') v. t. to feel 
or perceive with pleasure j 
to possess or use with de- 
light ;— n. enjotfment. 

Enkindle, (cn-km'dl) v. t. to 
set on fire; to rouse; excite. 

Enlarge, (en-lArj') v. t. or i. 
to swell ; increase ; togrow 
larger; be diffuse in shak- 
ing or writing ; expatiate : 
—n.cniarge'ment, increase; 
extension ; diffuseness; re- 
lease;— a. en7aro«</',liberal. 

Enlighten, (en-Ut'n> v. U to 
illuminate; toinrtruct ;to 
elevate by knowledge, es- 
thetic culture, or religion ; 
— ii«. enlight'enment, en- 
lieht'ener, education, etc. 

Ennst, (en-list'> r. (. or t. to 
enter on a list ; to enroll ; 
to enter heartily into a 
cause ;— n. enlist'meiit. 

Enliven, (en-liv'n) v. t. to 
animate ; cheer ; excite ; 
make active;— n.cnliv'encr 

Enmity, (en'mi-tf ) n. ill-will ; 
hatred: hostility; divUion. 

Ennoble, (en-n6'bl} r. (. to 
elevate the character ; ex- 
alt any object or pursuit; 
to dignify or honor. 

Ennui, (ftng'wi) fi. b^ues; a 
feeling of weariness or dis- 
gust from satiety, &c. 

Enormous, (e-uor'mus) a. 
out of rule or measure, va«t; 
excessive : atrocious i—ad. 
cnor 'niously ; — n. enof- 
niity, great crime or vice. 

Enough, (£-nuf'} a. giving 
content; satisfying want; 
suflllcicnt :— n. suflKicncy ; 
— ad. Bufllicicntly, fully. 

Enrage, (en-rfij') r. t. to irri- 
tate ; to provoke to fury. 

Enrapture, (en-rap'tur) .v. t. 
to thrill with pleasure. 

Enrich, (en-rich') v. t, to 
make rich ; to fertilize ; to 
adorn ;— n. enrich 'ment, 
increase of wealth, Ieam> 
ing, fertility, or ornament. 

Enrobe, (cn-rdb*) v. t. to 
clothe with rich attire. 

Enrol, (en-r<jr) v. t. to regis- 
ter ; to record ; to leave in 
writing ;— H. enrol'ment 

EnsampTe, (en-sam'pl) n. an 
example; a pattern. 

Ensanguine, (en-sanc'gwin) 
V. t. to stain with blood ;— 
a. ensanguined', bloody. 

Ensconce, fen-skous') v. t. 
to hide safely ; protect. 

Ensemble, (ting-sang'bl) n. 
all parts taken together. 

Enshrine, (en-shrin') v. t. to 
inclose in, or os in a shrine; 
to preserve with affection ; 
to keep sacred in the heart 

Enshroud, (enshroud') v. t. 
to cover as with a shroud. 

Ensign, (en'sin) n. the sign 
or flag of a nation or o regi- 
ment ; one who carries it. 

Enslave, (en-slav) v.t. to de- 
prive of" liberty ; to subject 
to the influence of ;— n. en- 
slave'mcnt, bondage. 

Ensnare, (en-sndr) v. t. to 
entrap; entangle by guile. 

Ensue, (en-su') v. i. to fol- 
low; result from ; succeed; 
—a. entu'mg, following; re- 
sulting as a consequence. 

Entablature, ( en-tal>'la-tu r > 
n. the part consisting of the 
architrave, frieze, and cor- 
nice, that surmounts the 
columns and rests upon 
the capital of a pillar. 


by Google 

A mind occupied is a mind forti- 

Ad^ acre of performance is worth 
the whole land of promise 

An acorn costs nothing; but it 
may sprout into a prodigious 
bit of timber.— Thackeray, 

All is lost save honor. — French. 




Entiil, (en-tit) n. the rule of 
descent of on estate j— i*. t. 
to settle AD estate on one, 
or a line of hoirs i bring 
on, as an inevitable conse- 
qtience ; — n. entail'ment ; 
—a. entmleil', inherited. 

Entmtjie, (en-tang'gl) v. t. 
to in ike iiitt-icate; perplex: 
involve ; insnare ; tic ;— *». 
cutan'jflement. intricacy ; 
perplexity; n complication 
from which one cannot be 
easily extricated i-^n. en- 
twi'gling, complicating. 

Enter, (enter> r. t. or i. to 
go or come in ; loin oren- 

Sagc in < write ao\rn ; put 
nto { begin ; penetrate ; 
form part of i talcc foreign 
goods through the custom- 
liouse;— n. en'tertnq, a pass- 
ing in ;— a. preliiumary. 

Enteric, fen-ter'ik) a. belong- 
ing to the intestines. 

Enterprise, ( en*ter-prli ) n. 
an nndertaking ; a darine 

' adventure I— <T. enterpris- 
ing, forvrard i adventur- 
ous ;— arf, en'terprisingly. 

Entertain, (en-ter-tan') r. t, 
to admit \ keep or hold in 
the mind ; to receive and 
treat hospitably ; amuse or 
instruct; — n«. entertain'- 
ment, a party ; diversion ; 
entertain'cr, a host i — a. 
— a'/, cntertain'ingly. 

Enthral, (cn-thrawli v. t. to 
cnchaiu and delight. 

Enthrone. (eij-thrOn') t>. i. to 
crown; to exalt to the chief 
place in the heart ;— n. en- 
throne'ment, exaltation. 

En thusiasm,( en-thu'zt-axni) 
n. heat of imagination ; in- 
tense interest;— a. cnthu- 
sius'tic, full of ardor and 
teni ;— n. enthu'siast, one 
who givc^ the whole heart 
to It pursuit or idea ; — ad. 
cnthnsias'tically, ardently. 

Entice, (cn-tls) v. t. to incite 
to evil; allure: to attract;— 
a. cntic'ing.tempting;— <«/. 
entic'ingly ;— n«. entic'er, 
ettticc'inent, inttionUion ; 
temptation ;— a. entlc'able. 

Entire, (cn-tir') a. unmin- 
gled ; whole ; complete ;— 
arf. entire'ly, fully;— lu. 
entire'nens, wholenesi; en- 
tire'ty, completeness i all. 

Entitle, (en-tni) v. t. to gire 
a right to ; to style ; name. 

Entity, (en'tit-i) n. real sub- 
stance ; being : existence 

Entoinb,(e>i-toom') v. t. bury 

En.omnlogy, (en-to-inol'o-ji) 
n. description of insects;— 
a. cntomolog'ical ;—«</. en- 
tomolo^ically ; — n. ento- 
inol'o^ist, a scientist. &c. 

Entrails, (en'tr&lz) n.7>I. the 
bowels s internal parts. 

Entrance, (en'trans) n. a go- 
ing or coming in j power 
or right to «nter ; the door. 

Entrance, (en-trans') r. t. to 
lillwith rapturous delight; 
—n. entrance'nient , jov^. 

Entrap, (en-tmp') v. 1. to 
catch ; insnare ; entangle. 

Entreat, (en-trff) v. t. or i. 
to beg earnestly; to enppli- 
eate ;— n. entreat'y, earnest 
request or prayer. 

Entree, (ing-trii') n. freedom 
of access! a course of dish- 
es at table :— n. en'tremets. 

Entry, (en'tri) n. entrance i 
passage into; a hall ; a tak- 
ing possession of ; writing 
in a ledger or diary. 

Entwine, (en-twin') v. t, to 
wreathe or twist round. 

Enumerate. <e-niVmcr-At) r. 
(. to number; to count ; to 
name over ; — n. cnumer- 
a'tion,a numbering; a sum- 
ming up;dctailed account. 

Enunciate, (€-nun'>i-ftt) v. t. 
to declare; utter distinctly; 
— n*. eniinci&' tion, a pro- 
nunciation of words I dis- 
tinct declaration; enun'cin- 
tor, the proclaimcr of any- 
thing;— a. enHn'ciativc, 
enuh'ciatory, declarative. 

Envelop, (cn-vernp^ t'. t. to 
cover; inclose; hicle; wrap; 
— n. envel'opment. 

Envelope, (en'vel-dp) n. ft 
wrapper ; an inclosure in 
which letters can be sealed 
and mailed ; integnment. 

Envenom, (cn-ven'um)r. t. 
to poison I to taint with bit- 
terness or malice ; enrage. 

Environ, (Cn-vrrun) v. t. to 
hem in I to encircle with 
difficulties;- n. envir'on- 
ment, a surrounding. 

Environs, (en'ri-ronz) 

8 laces near or adjacent i 
le outskirts of a eity> 
Enroy, (en'roy) n, a minia- 

ter to a foreign govern- 
ment ; a messenger. 

Envy, (en'Ti) v. t. to grieve at 
another's good; tognsdge: 
—atfj*' tKTi<AU, capable 
of awakening a desire to 
iMssess ; en'mows, greedy : 
invidious ; moved by en- 
vy i—ndv. en'viably, en*- 
viously ;— H. en'viousness ; 
—II. pain excited by an- 
otliers prosperity ; a wick- 
ed desire to supplant one ; 
— n. en'vying, ill-will. 

Eocene, («-d-sen') a. in geol., 
flnst in time or lowest of the 
three subdivisions of the 
tertiary formation. 

Eolian. ((^.^'li-en) tu pertain- 
ing to iEol us . or the winds ; 
—N. a stringed instniment 
sounded by the airi harp. 

Epact, (C'pakt) n. the excess 
of the solar montltoryear 
beyond the lunar. 

Epaulet, (ep'aw-lct) n. a 
shoulder-knot i a bodge. 

Epergne. (i-p^rn*) »i. orna- 
mental stand for a dish in 
the center of a table. 

Ephemera, (ef-em'e-ra) n. 
the May-fly, a genus of 
short-lived insects; a ferer 
continuing one day;— a. 
ephem'erni, snort-lived i i». 
ephem ' eris, astronomical 
almanac i an account of 
daily transactions « a Jour- 
nal ; — pi. ephemer'ides t— 
n. ephem'erist. one who 
studies the daily motions 
of the planets by tablcs,etc 

Ephod, (cf'od)n. aflnchnen 
girdle to the tunic worn by 
the Jewish priests. 

Epic, (epik) cr. narrating 
heroic events ;— «. a poem. 

Epicene, (ep'i-R*n) a. or n. 
common to both sexes. 

Epicure, (ep'i-kdr) n. one 
given to senpual enjoy- 
ment, or luxurious eating ; 
— a. epicftrS'an, sensual: 
dainty;— n. ep'icftrism, de- 
votion to sensual pleasures 

EplcycIe,(ep'i-Bl-kl)ii.a circle 
having its center on the cir- 
cumference of a greater 
circle, on which it moves. 

Epidemic, (ep-i-dem'ik) n. a 
disease falling on great 
numbers; a. epfdem'ic,(al) 
common » gencrnlly pre- 
▼ailingi— atf.epfdem'ieally. 


by Google 

A peace above all earthly digni- 
ties: a still and quiet con- 
science. [Latin. 

An act of God injures no man. — 

I An angry man heeds no counsel. 
— Portuguese. 
An ass does not stumble twice 
over the same stone. — Fr. 




Epidermis, (ep-i-der'inis) n. 
the cuticle or outer i>kiu. 

Epigastric, (e-pi gas'trik) a. 
incUoatiiic the tlnlomen. 

Epigl»tti«, (ep-i-^lot'i]!) n. a 
cartilage Kt the root of the 
tongue that falls on the 
opening of the larynx. 

Epigram, ( ep'i-gitmi ) n. a. 
smnrt poem or snying end- 
ing with • witty thought i 
— a.epjgrammat'ic, concise 
and pointed ;— <u/. epigram- 
mat'icully } — n. epigrani'- 
uiatist, a writer of epigrams 

Epigraph, (ep'i-graf) n. in- 
KCi-iption on a buildmg.&c. ; 
citation, &c., at commence- 
ment of a lHM>k orits parts. 

Epilcp»y,(ep'i-lep-8i)n. a dis- 
ease of the brain attended 
by convulsions, suddenly 
seizing on one, causing 
him to fall ; — a. epilep'tic. 

Epilogue, (cp'i-log) n. con- 
cluding speecl\ or poem. 

Epiphanv, (g-pil'an-i) n. a 
festival Held on Jan. 6, in 
commemoration of the ap- 
pearance of Christ to the 
wii»e men of the East. 

Episcopal, ( §-pis'k&-pal ) a. 
pertaining to bishops x—ns. 
the church ; episcopi'liau, 
member of epis. church. 

Epit>ode, ep'i-sdd) n. sepa- 
rate sUiry or incident ;— a. 
episod'inl, or episod'icaU 
Drought in as a digression 
—aft. «pisod'icaIly. 

EpiKtle, (c-pis'O »• a letter, 
particularly of on apostle ; 
wlj*. epis'tolaiy. contained 
in letters : epistol'ic, meth- 
od of representing ideas. 

Epitaph, (ep'i-taf) n. on in- 
cription on a monument. 

Epithalamium, ( ep-i-tha-lft'- 
mi-uni) n. a marriage rong. 

Epithet, (ep'i-thet) n. word 
denoting some quality, ftc. : 
offensive term? a.eptthef ic 

Efiitome, (e-pit'd-me) h. an 
ab'^idgement; abstract! v. t. 
epifomi ze, to shorten ; con- 
dense ;— M. epifoinlzer. 

Epi zootic,(ep-i- sd-oTic) n.,<i. 
applied to a cattle distemp- 
er called Jipito'otp. esp. af • 
fecting the nostrils, eyes, 
mouth, etc, of hotSM- 

Epoch, ( ^p'ok ) N. A period 
remarkable for important 

events; a point from which 
dates are computed. 

Epode,(ep'6d} n. a lyric poem 

Epopee (ep-o-p«') u. an epic. 

Equable, (e'kwa-bl) a. equal 
and unifonn at all times ; 
smooth »— arf. fanably;^ 
n. iquabil'ity. uniformity. 

Equal, (i'kwal) a. like in 
amount or degree ; equit- 
able f adequate ; fit ; just ; 
equable ; even {— n. one of 
tlie same age, rank, talent 
or quantity ;— r. f. to be or 
to make equal or even ;— 
n.cqual'ity, likeness; same- 
ness t evenoe<st social or 
political level;— a<f. e'qual- 
ly, impartially i—v.t. S'qual- 
ize, make even j— n. equol- 
iza'tion, state of equality. 

Equanimity, (e-kw»>nim'i-ti) 
n. evenness of mind or tem- 
per I composure. 

Equation, (e-kwa'shun) n. a 
bringing to equality or to 
a mean proportion. 

Equator, (e-kwn'ter) n. in 
geog., a great circle passing 
round tnc middle of the 

f:lol>e. and dividing it into 
wo eqwd parts; m artr., 
equinoctial ; a. equato'rial. 

Equestrian, (e-kwes'tri-an) 
o. pertaining to horses, or 
horsemanship % — n. one 
who rides on horseback ;— 

^n. cquer'ry. a large stable. 

Equiai^ulor, (€-kwi-ang'- 
gu-lar) a. consisting of, or 
Having, equal angles. 

Equidistant, (f-kwi-dis'tant) 
o. being at the same dis- 
tance ;— orf. equidis'tantly. 

Equilateral, (d-kwi-lat'er-al) 
a. having » 

all the A 

■ides equal / \ 

Equilibrate, / \ 
7e-kwi-li'- / \ 

brit) V. t. / \ 

to balance * ' » 

two sculea equally ; — ns. 
equilibra'tion, equilib'rity. 

Eq-ulibrium, ( 6 - kwi - lib'ri- 
um) n. a level position ; 
equality of weight or force 

Equimultiple, (S-kwi-mul'ti- 
pl) a. or n. multiplied by 
same or an equal number. 

Equine, (S'kwin) a. pertain- 
ing to a horse or horses. 

Equinoctial, ( { - k wi - nok' - 
■nol) H. a .great rirrle in 

the heavens corre8i>onding 
to the equator of t{ic earth, 
so colled becau!>e when the 
aun crosses it the days and 
nights are equal ;— a. pcr- 
taming to tlic time of the 
equinoxes, to the preat 
itorm which takes j lace 
about that time, o>- to the 
regions about the equator. 

Equinox, (e'k«'i.nok>) n.tlic 
time when davs and nights 
are of equal length, or 
when the sun crosses the 
equator, about the Hki of 
March and 2.')d Sept 

Equip, (e-kwip') v. t. to 
drees, arm, fit out, furnish; 
— n*. eq'uioftge, a carriage 
and attenuants) retinue; 
furniture required for any 
service ; equip'ment, com- 
plete outfit : apparatus. 

Equipoise, (e'kwi-poiz) n. 
equality of weight, force 
or power; — a. cquipol'lent, 
equivalent J— a. equipon'- 
derant ; — *. equipqn'der- 
ance, equality in weight. 

Equity, (ek'wi-ti) n. fairn|P««; 
justice; right as founded 
on the laws of nature ;— a. 
eq'uitablc, just ; right ; im- 
partial x—ad. eq'uitobly ;— 
n. eq'uitableness, justness. 

Equivalent, (e-kwiv'a-lent) 
a. equal in value, power, 
effect, meaning, &c. ;— w. a 
thing equal in value, &c. ; 
— ad. equiv'alpntly ; — n. 
equivalence, equal value. 

Equivocal, (e-kwiv'6-kal) a. 
ambijfuous ; of doubtful 
nieaning : beoring double 
explanation ; — oa. equiv'- 
ocally \—n. couiv'ocnlncss. 

Equivocate, (e-kwiv'6-kot) v. 
t. to use donbtful words in 
order to mislead : to pre- 
varicate;— »*. fiqniv'ocator, 
Sauivoca'tion. onibipuity 
of speech ; indirect itilnc- 
hooo; eq'uivokc, a term of 
double meaning t quibble. 

Era, (i'm) n. a serlen of 
years reckoned from a par^ 
ticular point ; anv period. 

Eradicate, (e-rad'i-'kat) r. t. 
to extirpate ; root out ;-%. 
eradica'tion, destruction. 

Erase, (fi-rtr) v. t. to blot or 
scrape out } to efface ; de- 
stroy ;—o. eras'able 5— «•. 
erts'er, he or that which 


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An angry man -is again angry 
with himself, when he returns 
to reason. (Latin.) — P. Syrus. 

A man may commit a mistake, 

but none but a fool will con- 
tinue in it. (Latin.) — Cicero. 
An ass in a lion's skin may be 
discerned without spectacles. 




rubs out, as rubber, »t«c1, 
etc. ; enu-e'incnt, cru'sion, 
cra'sure, obliteration : the 

Slaee where a writing, *c., 
Hs been rubbed out. 

E .ihtianism.Ce-rast'yuuizm) 
n. control of the Church 
bv the States— a. Erast'ian. 

Er •". (ar) ad. before ; eoouer 
than i—pirp. before. 

Erebus, (er'e-bus) n. dark- 
ness; rcj^ion of the dead. 

Kroct, f6-rekt') a. upright; 
^vrpendicular; unshaKen; 
bold -.—v. t. to set uprifiht ; 
to build : exalt : establish ; 
—ad. erccf ly ; — n. erect'- 
nc»B, upright posture. 

Erection, (S-rek'shun) n. a 
setting iip"i};ht; astructure 
o! any kind ; exaltation. 

Erelong, (iir^onz)ail. before 
n liinz time ; shortly. 

Er^ot. (fier'got) m. a protuber- 
ance on a horse's \eg : an 
exci-escence on grain; spur 

Ermine; (er'inln)n. northern 
animal of the weasel tribet 
its white fur, an cnibleni of 
tlie purity of judges and 
magistrates :— a. er'uiined, 
adorned with ermine. 

Erode. («-r6d') v. t. to eat i 
corrode away :—n. ero'sion. 

Erotic, (nl) (8-rot'ik) a. per- 
taining to love. 

Err, (er) r. i. to wander from 
the right way j to sin. 

Errand, (er'and) ». a met* 
sage; business of one tent. 

Errant, (er'ant) a. wander- 
ing : roving s wild j— n. er"- 
raiitiy, n ranibUng ab«mt. 

Erratic. (e--it'ik) a. wander- 
ing ; eccentric; irregular; 
h-.ving no certain course i 
—'»'/. errat'ically, oddly. 

Erratnm.Cer-S'tum) ». an er- 
ror in printingor writing; 
—,v/. Errata, (er-a'ta). 

E.-iYineous. ( er-ro'n4-u8^ a. 
not true ; wrong ; emng i 
incorrect;— a(/. erro'neous- 
ly ;—H. erro'neousness. 

E"or, /^er'or) n. a mistake ; 
blunder; sm; offense. 

E kt, (ei-st) ad. long ago. 

ErubeKcnce, (er-o-t^'ens) 
M. redness; a blushing. 

E.'uctation,(er-uk-ti'shun> n. 
a belching of wind from 
the storaacn or the earth. 

Erudite, (er'a-dK)a. leamedi 
well Instructed t peUslMd t 

— arf. er'uditely;— ii.erudi' 
tioii, literary eminence. 

Eruginous, (e>roo'jiu-us) a. 
like the rust of cupper, &c. 

Eruption, 'c-rup'shun) n. a 
bursting forth, as lava from 
a volcano, or as anger, &c. ; 
red spots uuUie skin ; cuift. 
erupt'ed, suddenly and 
forcibly thrown out, as 
lava; erupfive.burstingout 

Erysipelas, (er-i-sip'e-las) n. 
an eruptive inflammation 
of the skin, chiefly nn the 
face; St Anthony's Are. 

Escabde, (es-ka-lad') is. a 
scaling of walls;— v. t. to 
mount by ladders ; scale. 

Escape, (c»-kap') v. t. or t. to 
flee from ; avoid r shun ; 
evade:— H. flight from dan- 
ger or any misfortune. 

Escapade, (cs-ka-pid) n. an 
impropriety of speech or 
behavior which escapes 
unconsciouKly from any 

-one; the fling of a horse, 
or a kicking back of his 
heels ; any adventure, &Cm 
not acoording to rule. 

part of a time- 

f)iece connect-, 
ng the wheel- 
work with the _ 
pendulum, and X< 
allowing a tootli- ' 
to escape at each vibration. 

Escarpment. (cs-k&r:)'ment) 
n. a steep declivity ; the 
precipitous side of any hill 
or rock ;— r. t. eKCirp', to 
make into a sudden slope ; 
— ;i. a scarp or steep slope. 

Ei>clia]ot,(esk-a-lot') n.onion. 

Escharotic, ( es-ka-rof ik ) a. 
caustic { destroying flesh. 

EscheatjCes-chStiH. property 
which falls to the state for 
lack of heirs, or by forfeit. 

Eschew, ( e»-chM' ) r. t. to 
■hun : fly ; avoid ; reject. 

Escort (es'kort) n. a guide, 
guard, or attendant, as a 
gentleman who escorts a 
lady to any place ; a body 
of armed men, as a guard ; 
— v.f. (ea-korf ) to conduct 

Escritoire. (e»>kri-t1rar') n. a 
writing desk, paper, ftc 

Ereulapian, ( es-ku4a'pi-«n ) 
a. pertaining to JBanilap/itt, 
ana to the art of healing. 

fiicnlent (ealca-lent) n. a 

Srden vegetable or some- 
Ing that is eatable ;— a. 
good for food : edible. 
Escutcheon, (es-kuch'un) n. 
a shield or 

(i-sofa-gus) n. the gullet, 
through which food is con- 
veyed to the stomnch. 

Esoteric, ( es-6-ter'ik ) a. in- 
ner; secret; inykteiious; in 
phil., taught to a K-lect few 
— opposed to Exoteiic;— 
ad. eiioter'ically. inly. 

Espalier, (es-paryer) v. a trel- 
lis for fruit trees, etc. 

Especial, (es>pesh'al)a. prin- 
cipal 1 particular t distin- 
guiMhed ;-^</. cspe'cially. 

Espionage, ( es'pi-on-aj ) n, 

practice or employment of 
spies ; close watching. 
Esplanade, ( es-^la-nfid' ) n. 

anv spHce for walking or 

driving ; a plant or level. 

Espousal, (es-pouz'al) o. re- 

lating to espouMU;— n. 
the taking upon one's self, 
as a cause ;— ». ;>/. a betroth- 
al ; a marriage contract. 

Espouse, (cs-iK)uz') r. t. to 
betroth ; marry ; tnke with 
a view to maintain : em- 
brace a cause : n. eit)x>us'er. 

Espy, (es-pr; v. t. to see at a 
oistance ; to spv. or catch 
sight of ; to of»i>er>e ; to 
discover unexpectedly. 

Esquire, (es-kwir) w. a gen- 
eral title of refpect in ad- 
dressing letters or writing 
of leading men. 

Essay,(eF-sa') v. t. to attempt; 
to *try ; to make experi- 
ment of ;— n. (<*s'i<i) a trial; 
experiment ;»hort treatise; 
— ws. essay'ist, essay'er, a 
writer of essays ; a trier. 

Essence, (es'sens) n. the na- 
ture of a thing; existence; 
a being; a pertume ; scent. 

Essential, (es-sen'sbat) a. ne- 
cessary ; indispensable or 
impoiiRint in the highest 
degree ; highly rectified ; 
.pure ;— fi. a chief point ; a 
leading principle x—ad. ea- 
sen'tially, abcolntely. 

Estoblish, res-tablish) v. f. 


by Google 

An ape, the higher he climbs, 
the more he shows his tail. — 
Italian. [—Young. 

An undevout astronomer is mad. 

An ang^ word from a master or 
husband is never an affront. — 
Spanish. [—Tamil. 

Anger first; and pity afterwards. 




to fix ; aettle ; ordain t con- 
firm ; act up in business;— 
M. esUb'Iis.ier. a founder 
of anything t establish' - 
ment. fixed state t settle- 
ment; business firm t onc*s 
residence ; stvle of livinic. 

Estite. (es-tat) n. property ; 
farm ; fortune i condition. 

Esteem, (cs-tem') v. t. to 
value highly i to regard 
with respect or friendship; 
to consider or think ; — it. 
favorable opinion ; re;;ird; 
— n. estima'tion, a rakunj:, 
CKteem, honor ;— a. en'tiai- 
able, valuable ; worthy ; 
deserving our good opin- 
ion \—aa. es'timably. 

Estimate, (es'tim-At) v. t. to 
set a value on ;— n. calculiu 
tion i opinion t value i^et. 

Ei>tiral. (es'ti-val) a. pertain- 
ing to summer. 

Estop, (es-top') V. i. to bar. 

Ectninge, (es-tr&ni) v. f. to 
keep at a distance i to 
sUinate; to divert from its 
ori^nal use or possessor ; 
—It. estrange'ment, seimro- 
tion of old friends. 

Estrav, (cs-trA') n. a lost ani- 
mal i— v. t. or cut. to go 
nstrny ; to wander from 
tnith,Tirtu«, or right livinsr 

Estuary, (est'd-ar-i) n. ami 
of the sea, or mouth of a 
nver. where the tide meets 
the current— so called from 
the boiling or foaming 
caused by tneir meeting. 

Etc. or ftc. for et cetera ; the 
rest and so forth. 

Etch, (ech; v. t. to make de- 
signs on metal, glass, kf., 
by eating out the linc4 
with an ocid ;— ». etch'ing. 
impression from a plate. 

Eternal, (i-tem'al) a. having 
no beginning nor end; 
everUsting j immortal; 
ceaseless; unchangeable;— 
It. Thk Etkbxal. Jcho- 
vali! God !— at/, eter'nally. 

Eternity, (e-tem'i-ti) n. eter- 
ml duration j the state or 
time after death ;— r .f. eter- 
nize, to immortaliie. 

Etesian, (c-te'zhan) a. stated; 
periodical, as winds. 

Ether, (5'ther) n. the subtle 
fluid supposed to fill all 
space; the clear upper air ; 
alight. voUtile Uquid i-o. 

et'iiS'real, eoutiisting of 
ether, heavenly, spirit-like; 

— ad. ethe'rially ; — u. <. 
ethi'rializc, to convert into 
ether; to render spirit-liket 
tVicrize, to stupefy, ftc. 

Ethical, ctliic, (etVik) o, re- 
lating to nioruls or man- 
ners ; treating of morality 
or duty x—^a. eth'ically ;— 
n. vl. cth'ics, moral philos- 
ophy ; n Kystvm of princi- 
SlCB and rules of duty. 
_ liopfm, (g-thi-<>'i>i-au) a. 
pertaining to the nvgro 
races, or to the inhabitrnts 
of countries south of Egypt 

Ethno!(igy, (eth-nol'o-ji) n. a 
treatise on nations i—atfjt. 
eth'nic, cth'nical, con- 
cerning nations, races, or 
the heathen ;— n. ethnogT- 
raphy, a dcRcription of the 
people of the earth. 

Etiolate. (€'ti-o^&t) r. i. or t. 
to whiten ; to blanch by ex- 
cluding the Hght of the 
sun; to become or cause to 
grow pale, from disease or 
absence of Hght ;— n. etio- 
la'tion; n. Etiol'oev.scicuce 
of the caiMcs of disease. 

Etiquette, (eti-kef) n. forms 
oi^cercmony or civility. 

Etymolnev, (et-i-mtilo-*ji)». 
dcrivotlon of words; the 
science that treats of the 
e^ionvor true origin, his- 
tory, arid literal Rcnso of 
words ; the part of gram- 
mar relating to inflection ; 

— a. etvniolog'ical ; — a-'l. 
etymoloVically ; — ii. ety- 
niorogist. n pliil'logist 

Euchan.;t, (u'kn-rist) n. sac- 
rament of the rx)rd's sup- 
per ;— a, eu'charistic. 

Eulortse, (fi'lo-jis) V. t. to 
praise ; to commend or 
speak well of :— n. eu'logist; 
— a///*.eulog'ic, cnlogist'ic, 
full of praise;— arf«. eulog'- 
ically, euloxisf ically. 

Eulogium, (Q-l6'ji-uni) Eu- 
logy, (iilo-Ji) n. pancgyrici 
praiMc » commendation. 

Euphemism, (d'fem-izm) n. 
a delicate term used to ex- 
press what is disagreeable; 
— a. euphemist'ic. 

Eu»>hony, (A'fO-ni) n. agree- 
able sound; soft, pleasing, 
eisy pronunciation;— a<u«. 
eu phoQ ' ir, eupho ' nious. 

soft, harmonious to the cari 
—I*, t. eu'phonize, to make 
•olt and sweet in sound:— 
%. eu'phuism, affectation 
of language t a high-flown 
expression ;— ». cu'uhuist; 
—a. euphuisfic, pedantic. 

EuphroMV, (u'fra-zi) m. herb 
called Eye-bright, noted oa 
beneficial to the eyes. 

Euroelydon, ( u-rok'li-don > 
«. a tempestnoiu south-east 
wind in Med. sea. Acts 27. 

European, ( fi-r6- p&'an ) a. 
pertaining to Europe ;— n. 
a native of Europe. 

Eury thmy. (urith-mi) n. just 
proportion or symmetry. 

pleasant mode of death. 

Evacuate, (£-vak'u-4t) v. 1. to 
empty ; void ; eject ; with- 
draw from ;— u. cvacua'- 
tion. emptying; quitting; 
discharge ; emu.'ion. 

Evade, (C-vid') v. t. to avoid; 
elude cunningly ; escape ; 
11. evft'sion, excuse ; equiv- 
ocation ; escape ;— a. «v4'- 
sive, not straightforward ; 
shutfliiig %—aa. eva'sively; 
— n. eva'biveness, artiBce. 

Evanescent, (ev-an-es'ent) a. 
vanishing ; fleeting ; ira- 
perceptihlc ; — ad. evanes'- 
ccntly ;— n. evaneBC'cncc. 

Evangelical, (c-van-jcl'ik-al; 
a. according to the gospel ; 
orthodox i—wl. cvangcl'ic- 
ally ;— n. evangel'wt, sacred 
writer or preacher. 

Evangelize, (e-van'jcl'Iz) v. 
t. to instruct in the gospel; 
to preach the glad tidings; 
convert souls to Christ?— n. 
evangel'i»m, gospel work. 

Evaporate, (e-vap'or-4t) r. i. 
or t. to pass on m vapor ; 
to convert into steam or 
gas ;— n. ivapor&'tion, con- 
version of a fluid into 
steam or vapor; di»persion 
of moisture into the air. 

Eve, (6v) n. the close of day; 
night before a day of note; 
just before a great event. 

Even, (e'vn) a. equal ; level; 
smooth ; calm iii temper ; 

Sarallcl ; not odd i able to 
e divided by 2 without a 
remainder ;— 1». t. to make 
level or smooth ;— ad. ex- 
actly so; indeed ; likewise; 
lomuch as; still; verily ;- 


by Google 

Ancient custom is always regard- 
ed as law. (Lat.) — Law Max. 

Answer a fool according to his 
folly. — Prov. *6, 5. 

An unlucky fool gets into scrapes, 
a knowing one profits by them. 
— Pashto. [husband. 

An obedient wife commands her 




eul. ev'enly;— n. er'enness; 
atljt. even-handed^ with an 
equtiL, fair, impartial hand; 
just;et;eM-mirK/e(/, equable. 

Evening, (e'vn-inz) n. the 
close of day ; end of life. 

Even t,(g- vent') «. that which 
comes ; iMue; end ; any in- 
cident or occurrence ? — ». 
cveut'ful^f nil of incident*, 
or great change* ; notable. 

Eventide, (i'vn-tid) n. the 
tide or time of evening. 

EventuAl, (e-vcnt'u-aO «• oc- 
curring as a conKequcncc ; 
ultimate; final; au.evenf- 
ually, finally ; at length ; 
—i\ I. event uate. result. 

Ever, (ev'cr) ad. always ; at 
any time ; in any desjree. 

Evergreen, (cv'er-gren) n. a 
plant, tree, &c., that re- 
mains green all the year; 
— a. always verdant 

Everlasting, (ev-er-lasting) 
a. continuing without cad; 
perpetual ;— Of/, everlast'- 
ingly ;— n. cverlastfngness; 
— ff. ever-living, immortal; 
— art. cver'more , unceas- 
ingly ; eternally ; always. 

Every, (e\''er.i) c*. each one 
of a number, separately. 

Eve ry w here, ( ov'er-i-h w4r ) 
n'l. in every place. 

Evict, (e-vikt'> v. t. to div 

/ poMaCM : eject ; take away ; 
n. evic'tion, dispossession. 

Evidence, (ev'i-dens) n. that 
which proves or showi 
facts ; testimony; witness; 
—V. t. to show ; prove. 

Evident, (ev'i-dent) «. clear 
to the mind ; plain \—ad. 
ev'idently, obviously'. 

Evidential, (ev-i-den'shal) 
a. affording evidence or 
proof \—<ul. eviden'tially. 

Evil, (e-vil) a. wicked ; bad ; 
mischievous;— M. calamity; 
wickedness; harm;injurv; 
— or/.injurioHslv;— n. rrtl'- 
doer, one who docs evil ;— 
IIS, ei'U-efie, a malevolent 
look ; eint'Speak'iHp, s'ln- 
dcr; abuse :— «. eril-mUtl- 
ed, malicious ; wicked. 

Evince,(f-vinH') r.'. to prove; 
show J make plain i^—adjit. 
evhic'ible, cnpable of 
proof ; cvin'cive, demon- 
strative •,—rul. evinc'ibly. 

Evincerote, (e-vis'ser-St) v. t. 
to take out the bowebi. 

Evoke. («-v6)c0 v t. to call 
forth ; to appeal ; to ask. 

Evolution, (ev'o-lti'shun) n. 
act of unrolling or unfold- 
ing ; gradual working out 
or development; asenesof 
things unfolded ; inarith. 
and alg., the extraction of 
roots ; military drill ;~a. 
evolu'tionary ; — n. evolu'- 
tionist, a Darwinian, &c. 

Evolve, (e-volV) V. t. to de- 
velop; unfold: disentangle; 
—V. i. to disclose itself. 

Evulsion, (e-vul'shun) n. a 
plucking out by force. 

Ewe, (11) /4. a female sheep. 

Ewer, (u'er) tt. a large pitch- 
er to hold 
or carry 

bat) V. t. to 
irritate; em- 
bitter ; to 
render more 
violent or 
severe, as a 
disease ;— n. 
exace rba'tion , aggravation. 

Exact, (egz-akt') o. jireclse t 
methooical; punctual; just 
true ; certain or demon- 
atnible ;— Off. exacfly, ac- 
curately ; nicely ;— ». cx- 
acf ncsa ^— v. t. to claim ; 
demand ; require ; extort ; 
— v.i. to practise extortion; 
—a. ezact'ing, eevere ; un- 
just;— «. exac'tion, oppres- 
sive demand, etc. 

Exaggerate, (egz-aj'er-at) v. 
t. to enlarge beyond the 
truth ; to represent too 
strongly ; ~ a. exagg'era- 
tive, tending to magnify; 
— n, exagger&'tion, extrav- 
Rg:tnt representation. 

Exalt, (egz-awlt) v. t. to lift 
high ; to nraise or extol; to 
elate or fill with the ioy of 
success ;— a. exalt'ed, dig- 
nified; superior ;—H«. ex- 
alfedncBs. exalta'tion, el- 
evation : clatinu of spirits. 

Examination, (cj^z-am-in-a'- 
shun ) H. careful inspec- 
tion; search: inquiry ; trial 

Examine, (cgz-am'in) ?t. t. to 
rearch iwUi ; try ; scratin- 
izc; question; n. cxnm'iner 

Example, (egz-am'pl) n. a 
pattern t model ; a percon. 

&c., to be imitated or avoid- 
ed; a warning; a precedent 

Exasperate, (egz-as'per-at; v. 
t. to make very angry; em- 
bitter ; irritate t—n. exas- 

Excavate, (eks'ka-vit) i». t. 
to make hollow ; to sco<jp 
out;— »i. excava'tion, a cav- 
ity ; a hole dug in the earth 

Exceed, (ek-s6d ) i-. /. or t. to 
surpass ; excel ; go beyond 
the limit or measure of :— 
a. exceeding ; — mL ex- 
ceed'ingly, very much. 

Excel, (ek-i*el') r. t. or i. to 
rise beyond ; to surpntsin 
good qualities ; to pcrf oriu 
very incritoriuus actions; 
to be superior or eminent ■ 
— ns. ex'ccllencc, superior 
goodness ; givatncss 1 ex- 
cellen'cy, worth ; value ; a 
title of honor;— a. ex 'eel- 
lent, of great virtue, worth, 
&C.; superior ; valuable ;— 
ad. ex'cellcntly, well. 

Except, (ek-sept) v. t. to take 
out ; exempt : to obji'Ct : to 
exclude; — n. ex'ception, 
exclusion ; an objection;— 
— advs. excep'tionable, lia- 
ble \o objections ; excep'- 
tional, forming an excep- 
tion ; peculiar ; excepting, 
excluaing ; except'ivc, not 
inclusive ; — n. exccp ' tor, 
an objector t ef»\j. unlrs^; 
j^re/j. not inclufled: nM bit 

Excerpt, ^cx-serpt') n. a pas- 
sage piclced out or selected 
from a book ; an extract. 

Excess (ek-scR') n. what ii 
above measure ; a surplus ; 
intemperance : sin : — a. 
cxcess'ive, extravagant ; 
immoderate \—ud. excesw'- 
ivcly;~n. cxceRs'ivenoss. 

Exchniige, (oks-chanj') v. t. 
to change from one to an- 
other ; to pive or leave one 
tlace or thing for another; 
> give and taice mutually: 
— n. act of bartering ; pn>- 
cof»s by which accounts arc 
settled bv bill* instetid of 
monej' ; the difference be- 

" twoen the value of money 
in different pbiccs : pbcc 
where merchant!*. *c.,meet 
for bu-sinesK- a. exclr'nire'- 
able, fit to i c exph'-ngcil : 
—II. cxchnngi';il>il'itv. 

Exchequcr.Ceks-cheVer^ n u. 


by Google 

An 9ld bir4 h &ol taucht with 

An obstinate h^rt should be 
laden with sorrows. 

An old dbg will learn no (new) 

An old dog: does not grow o<ed 

tp the collar. — Italian. 




relating to revenue or th« 
pubUclretwary ; fund*. 
Ezcue, (ck-«lz'; n. tluty or 

tux UU goods I—)'. (. tu tiX. 

Excuion, (ck-iiizh'uii} n. a 
cutting ofl ; extirpation. 

Excite, (ek-slf) p. /. to itir 
up ) stimulate to octiou ; 
rouAe or irritate ;— a. ex- 
cit itig. Htirriug ; excU'ed, 
anjjiy; ex<;ifuLrle,«uisiiy n*- 
ritated ; — /w. excitnbirity, 
pass ion ntCMicKM ; nervous- 
nc.s^; excit'unt, that wliich 
stisnulstcH vitality of the 
iKxiy ; excitxi'tion, excite'- 
nu-nt, net of rousing ; irri- 
tation; pn>v<»cutioii( excit'- 
er. oiO'thing that rouiieii. 

Exclaim, (ek»-kl&n)') r. i. to 
cry out ; 8i)c:ik venemcut- 
ly";— «.ex<jlani''it«>ry,noisv'. 

Exciaiiiiitioh, (ekx - kla-ma'- 
ahun) M. a loud outcry ; an 
uttered exprCKHion of aur- 
prisc,pnin,&c.; the mark (!) 
denotinsthiiii interjection. 

Exclude, (ekK-klud) o. t. to 
•hut out; debars rcioctj ex- 
cciit ? ojt'ct;— «. exctn'siion. 

Exclusive, ( oks-kl iViv ) n. 
peculiir; debarring; fmtn 
participntion i inole « not 
itkinjr into account :— w. 

1t/.a clique itiiokvep others 
mm tScir g.>cirty t—n. ex- 
v\un''um\<'t; —net. cxclu'- 
•ivelv !— »!. oxcbi'^ivcncis. 

Excog't te. (cks-<-oj'i-tat) r. 
t. to think out: discover by 
thinking':— M. cxcocitn'tioti 

Excommunicate, (eks-kom- 
mu'ni-kit) n. t. to expel 
from church eomm-niiun ; 
— M. excommnnicn'tioM. 

Excon ite, (ekR-Vtrri-if) r. t. 
to Any : to strip off skin or 
Imrk; — M. excd^a'tion mcr- 
cilens t;-e»tinfnt : (living. 

Excrement, (cks-ki-nient) 
M.nM*U>«» matterdiaehnrjjed 
from the animal nvHtcn ; 
dung': — wfjM. excrehicnt'ul, 
exvrfiincnti'iiou!*, rcfuae. 

Excrescence, (eks«-kreii'eus) 
i». prt'tematurfd growth or 

firotubenince ; a wart or 
uinor : a superfluona parts 
—/I. cxcre»'c'ent. waste. 
Excrete, (-ks-kr«t') i*. t. to 
eject from the po'-e» » to 
perapire s — n. cxcrit'ion. 
act of diachnrging matter 
fit>iu the system: perspira- 

tion ;-<uU'- excretive, ex- 
cret'ory j n. a little duct or 
vessel tliat hel}M to receive 
and excrete oitinial fluids. 

Excruciute, (eks-kioo's>hi-dt) 
V. t. to torture ; to rack ;— 
j}jjr. and a. excru'ciating, 
very paiatui and sevei*;— 
n. excrucia'tiou, tortu.-^c. 

Exculpate, (eka-kul'pat) v. t. 
to clear from a charge of 
crime or a fault; excu«e : 
justify ;— «. exculpa'tion, 
vindivatiou ;a.excurpotory 

Excursion, ( eks-kur'shun) 
II. a ramble j journey :— n. 
excur'Hiuni>t, oncwhogocs 
on a plcosu.e trip. 

Excursive, (eks-kur'siv) a. 
wunderin:; fioui subject ; 
digressive ; — uJ. excur'- 
sively ;— w . excur'siveness. 

Excuse, (oks-kuz') v. 1. to 
pardon; jut^tily » free f!t)ni 
accusation or an obliga- 
tion; muke an «poU.<gy lor; 
— rt. excuse', niwlogv J — o. 
excua'ttlde, pardonanle. 

Execi-al>U\ (cks'^kra-bl) a. 
detectable < accursed : bad ; 
—a/I. ex'ccrablv;— f. t. cx'- 
ec£.te, to detest; denounce 
evil agftiuRt; — n. execrft'- 
tinn, n curse; detcfetution. 

Execute, (ek&'e-kiit) r. t. to 
give eiTect to; complete: to 
sign one's name to a deed : 
put to death hy \aw \—n$. 
execution .execti'tioner. 

Executive, (egz-ek'ii-tiv) a. 
carrying into effect*— n. 
the power that executes 
the law; President of U. 8. 

Executor, (egx-ek'Q-tor ) n. 
one who performs ; one 
who settles the estate of a 
tectator ;— /em. exec'utrix ; 
— n. excc'utorship \—<i. ex- 
ec'utory, putting in force. 

ExPiresis, (ek<»-f - je'sis) ». 
ccienre of interpretation j 
exposition of the Scrip- 
tures. SiC. : — n. exegot'jcid, 
explanatorj';— w/. cxejrct'- 
Ically •.—n.'nng. exeg<»t'ic8, 
the science of exegesis. 

Exemplar, (cgz-em'plar) n. a 
copy ; a person o' thing to 
be imitated: the mod- 
el of an artist ;— a. exem'- 
plnry, worthy of imitation 
or notice; commendable;— 
ad. ex'emplarily, as jujtice 

Exemplification, (egz-em- 

pli-fi-kii'shuu) ft. illustra- 
tion by example : a copy. 

Exemplify, (egz-eurpii-lt)r. 
r. to liluKtiate by exumple; 
prove by an attested copy; 
— M. cxem'plifier one who 

Exempt, (egz-enit'> a. free ; 
— r. t. to free or grant im- 
munity f rum:— m. excmp*- 
tion, freedom : immunity. 

Exequies. (t;kH'e- kwiz) H.jd. 
obhcquies s iuneral ntes. 

ExeiciMf, (eks'er-slz) n. ex- 
ertion of the liody for 
health or amusement; use; 
practice : a lesson ; • tuki 
— r. t. to use ; to discipline. * 

Exett. (igz-ert') r. r. to use 
streiigth ; to ttn«in s set In 
action : afflict ; to bring in- 
to operation ;—n. cxcKtion, 
attempt; effort; trial. 

Exfoliate, (ek>^^6 li-4«) v. i. 
to come oiT in scnUs ;— w. 
exfolia'tion. a scaling off. 

Exhale, (egz-liil')f. t. or t. to 
brcothe out; emit vapor; 
evaporate ; be given off, oa 
steiurt ;— «. exhala'tion. 

Exhuiist, (egz-hansf) f . t. to 
drain to emptiness < ex- 
pend the whole Ktrength 
of ; wear or tire out ; treat 
ot or devj-lop completely j 
— o. exhaust'efl. emptied i 
consumed ; tired out ; — a. 
exhauKt'ible.Mof unfailing: 
— w«. exhaust'er. he who, 
or that which, exhausts, aa 
steam from a boiler: ex- 
hous'tion, entire consump- 
tion ; extreme fatigue j—i. 
exhauttiess. unfailing. 

Exhibit, (egz-hib'it) r. t to 
pre»ont to view: to show 
Jo»mally or puMicly s— n. 
a financial or other state- 
n»ent in detnil :— ir. exhib- 
it'or : -a. exhibit'ory :—n. 
exhibi'tion. prcKcntntion : 
diKplav : a public show of 
manufactures, works of 
art. ftc. : a fair : exercise of 
pupils in speaking. *c. 

Exhilarate. (egz-hirnr-«t) r. 
r. to make cheerful, brick, 
merry s to enliven ;— a. ex- 
hil'afiting. chee ing: plnd- 
dening i—fyp. exhil'aruted, 
excited by high spirits, 
wincftc: a.n. exhil'arant, 
tonic t exciting |oy,mirth,or 
pleasure:— n. exhilara'tion. 
act of making glnd : mirth. 


by Google 

An orphan's tear falls not in 
vain — Russian. 

An ounce oC discretion is better 
than a pound of wit.-^lT. 

An Ofp^tk confession is good lor 

the soul. 

An ounce of candor is better 
than a pound of cunning. 




Exhort, (ef^z-horf) v. t. to 
advise ; pcniuade ; warn;— 
n. ezhorta'tion, good ad- 
vice; coun«el ; warning; a. 
cxhor'tative, exhoi^tatonr. 

Exhumation, (ekt-hu-ma'- 
shun) n. disinterment ;— v. 
t. exKame', to dig out of 
the ground, as a corpse. 

Exigence, Exigency, (eks'i- 
jcn-si) n. pressing neces- 
sity ; urgent need ; want ; 
emergency ; distress ; — a. 
ex'igent, demanding im- 
mediate attention or aid. 

Exile, (eksll)n. banishment; 
a person banished:— ». t. to 
expel from one's home, &c. 

Exist, fegz-ist') v. ». to be; 
live ; endure ; continue in 
being ; — arlj*. cxtst'ing, 
living ; present ; exisf ent, 
having lite;— «. exisf cnce, 
life; continued lH>ing; any- 
thing thnt is ; a boiug. 

Exit, (egs'it) n. a guing out ; 
departure : a piisHnge out; 
any departure, us death. 

Exodus, ( eks'^-dus ) n. de- 
parture from a pUica ; the 
second book in the Bible. 

Exogen, (eks'o-jeni n. a 
plant belonging to the 

{treat class that increases 
>y layen on the outside of 
the wi odi— a. exog'enous; 
n. exof/'entteSf foHsil wood. 

Exonerate, (egz-on'er-it) v. 
(. to free from the bunlen 
of bUme or obligation ; ac- 
quit;— o. exon'erative;— n. 
exonera'tion. exculpation. 

Exorbitant, ( <>gz-or'bi-tau t > 
a. nnreaJtouMblc j cxtraviv- 
gant; asking to<i much :— 
ad. exor'Uitnntly ;—n. cx- 
or'bitance, exccsKivcuciiii. 

Exorcise, (eks'or-alz) r. t. to 
expel, as evil spirits, by 
nny means ;— h. exor'cistn. 

Exordium, (ojrx-or'di-um) n. 
the introductory part of a 
diMcnursi! or coui|)o»ition ; 
— /». exordial, prefntorv. 

Exoteric il. (ck8-'>ter'ik-nl)a. 
uxtcrnal ; plum : public. 

Exotic,(ct;z-ot'ik)fi. foreign; 
— M. a foreign plant, Stc. 

Expand, (uks-itand') r t. or 
I. to open : spread j dilate ► 
enlarge in bulk s diffuse. 

Expanse, ( vkii-pan»' ) n. a 
wide ext<>nt ot Kpace or 
body : the firmament ;— a. 

expan'sible, capable of ex- 
tension ;— N.exiwnsibil'ity ; 
— cut. expan'aibly ; — n. ex- 
pan 'slon, dilatation i ex- 
tent t immensity. 

Expansive, (eks-pans'iv) a. 
having power to spread or 
dilate ; widely extended ; 
diffusive ;—aa. expan'sive- 
ly;— n. expan'siveness. 

Expatiate, (ek-spa'shi-At) v. 
t. to range at Urge ; to en- 
large in discourse or argu- 
ment !— n. expatia'tion 

Expatriate, (ek»-p&'tri-&t) ». 
t. to banish from one's 
country;— ft. expatria'tion. 

Expect, (eka-pekf) v. t. to 
look or wait for ; hope; an- 
ticipate ;— n». expecfancy, 
hope ; a state of suspense 
or waiting; ex occta'tion, 
hope;d.»ire; anticipation; 
prospect of future good; 
ground of hope ; promine i 
the value of something ex- 
pected ;-■ euij*. cxpecfing, 
expeCf ant, eager; waiting; 
— 7t. one looking for a ben* 
eflt ',—ail. expect'ingly. 

Expectorate. (ek8-pek't6-rfit) 
r. (.to eject from the lungs 
or throat ;—»»«. expec'tor- 
ant, a medicine to loosen 
phlegm; expectora'tion, act 
of spitting ; spittle. 

Expediency, (eks-p5'di-en- 
81) n. fitness ; utility ; pro- 
priety ; self-interect ; —a. 
expe'dicnt, desirable; use- 
ful; proper; — n. way or 

expe'dicnt, desirable; use- 

«ray or 

means to amend ; shift ; 

contrivance \—ad. expe'- 
diently, fitly; suitahlv. 

Expedite, (cks'pe-dit) f. /.to 
hasten ; render easy ; send 
forth; a. free from impedi- 
ment; quick; prompt;— ar/. 
ex'peditely !— a. expedi'- 
tious : — nth expedi'tious- 
ly. with great quickness. 

Expedition, (eks-pd-dish'un) 
n. haste: despatch; mar- 
tial enterprise ; voyage. 

Expel, (eks-pel') r. t. to drive 
or force from a eocictv, 
house, meeting, etc.. or the 
mind or body ; to exclude. 

Ekpcnd, (eks-pend*) i'. /. to 
spend ; lay out ; consume 
or employ in any way. 

Expense, (eks-pens') n. mon- 
ey expended; cost: charge; 
waste ; — n. expend'itare. 

money spent t— a. cxpen'- 
sive, costly; dear; extraya- 
gant ;— at/, expen'sively;— 
n. expen'siveness. 

Experience, ( eks-pS'ri-ens ) 
n. trial or series ef trials, or 
experiments ; practical ac- 
quaintance with any mat- 
ter ; long and varied ob- 
servation, personal or gcn- 
ei«l; wisdom derived from 
the trials of life ;— r. t. to 
prove or know by use ; to 
suffer —a. exper'ienced, 
taught *)y trial; skillful, &c. 

n. trial: something done to 
prove a theory, to discover 
Bometliing unknown, or to 
reach a desired but uncer- 
tain retiult ;— v. t. to make 
trial ;— a. experiment'al s— 
ad. exneriment'ally. 

Expert.(ek«-pert') a. skillful; 
adroit: taught bv practice; 
having familiarknowlcdge 
or facility of pcifomuncc; 
— n. one who is expert or 
skilledin anyartorscience; 
a scientific or profensional 
witness;— at/.exnertly ; — h, 
experrncss. readiness. 

Expiate, ( eks'pi-&t) r. (. to 
atone for, as a crime ; to 
make reparation tor;— a<//.«« 
ex'piable, ex'piatory t — n. 
expia'tion, atonement 

Expiration, (eks-pIr-A'shun ) 
». a breathing out; death; 
exhalation ; termination. 

Expire, (eks-pir) t». /. or i. to 
breathe out ; exhale; die ; 
to terminate; eni; — p/w., 
a. expir' a last breath 
or utterance; a. cxpiKable, 
that may come to an end ; 
date of endingf— w.expi'ry, 
termination ; expiration. 

Explain, (eks-plan') r. /. to 
make plain or Intelligible ; 
expound: illustrate; apolo- 
gize or give a reason for:— 
adjn. explain'able, ex'plic- 
able, that may be made 
clear ; explan atory, ex*- 
plicativc, serving to clear 
up or make plain;— n. ex- 
plana'tion. making known 
or plain ; meaning or sense 
given to anything ; mutual 
cleanng up of matters. 

Expletive, (eks'plS-tiv) n. a 
woi-d inserted to fill a va- 
cancy or for ornament. 


by Google 

An ounce of mother wit Is wortk 

a pound of learning. 
An ounce of practice is worth a 

ton of theory. 

An ounce of prevention is worth 
a pound of cure. 

An ounce of prudence is better 
than a pound of gold. — It. 




Explicate, (ck»-ph-kit) v. U to 
unfold;to show ; toexpUiui 
— «. explica'tion. 

Exitiicit, (eks^iB'it) a. clear: 
plain (not obscure; cxprets; 
— tt//. expltc'itlj, catefori- 
cally;— N. expltc'itneMtdia- 
tinctness ofianKuage. 

Explode, (eks<pl&d) v. t. or (. 
to burst with a loud reportt 
to bring into disrepute i to 
show up or destroy, aa a 
false reiMrt or arrunien ti- 
ll. exulo'uoH, k>ud report. 

Exploit. (eKs-ploit')ii a deed; 
u. errPiitn Hon -titttigt, ko. 

Ex ploration . ( eica - plo - ru • 
•hun) M. close search ; ex- 
amination; a. expl6r'atory ; 
n. explor'er, a voyoyer, *e. 

Explore, (eks-pldr*; v. t. to 
search i examine : seek to 
discover;— a. explor'ine, as 
o ship or party m seareii of 
land or sciennllc data. 

Explosive. (eks-pl6'iiiv) a. \i- 
able to, or causing explo- 
sion ;— n. Runpowder, dy- 
namite, giant-powder, Ac. 

Exponent, ( eks-pd'nent ) n. 
he or that which point* out, 
orrepresentsi organ; a/p., a 
figure showing now often 
a quantity u to be multi- 
plied by itself t an index. 

port goods to another coun- 
try; n. ex'ports,goods,grain 
or any article of commerce 
•ent abroad; a. exporfable, 
the kind of goods which can 
be sent with safety;— n. ex- 
porti'tion,actof conveying 
toanother country ;— ii.ex- 
porrer, export merchant. 

Expose, (ekt)-p6z') v. t. to lay 
onen or iMre ; exhibit ; ex- 
plain; disclose ; to make li- 
able to;— n.expos'ure, a lay- 
ing open : exhibition ; open- 
ness to danger or to bud 
weather; position with re- 
gard to the sun, influence 
of climate, etc.;— n. expose, 
(eks-po-«i) a full disclosure 
of any hidden matter. 

Exposition, ( ekK-pd-zish*un ) 
n. an explanation; a setting 
out to public view: public 
exhibition or world's fair ; 
expounding an author's 
tneaning,&e.; n. expos'itor, 
■n interpreter, Jicc.t— a. ex- 
poc'itory. explanatory. 

ExpostuUtc, (eka-pofl'ta-lit) 
V.I. to remonstrate; protest; 
— n. cxpostula'tion, earnest 
reasoning with;— a.expost'- 
uUtory, remonstrant. 

Expound, (eks-pound') v. (. 
to interpret i to unfold ;— n. 
expound'er, a teacher, ftc. 

Express, (eks-prcs') v. (. to 
press out; to utter in words: 
repreveut ; declare ; desig- 
nate; — a.pUin ; explicit; lu- 
tende<lor sent for a par- 
ticuUr purpose t—n. a spe- 
cial messenger; a regular 
and quick coovevance;— 
oJ.vxpress'ly.solely; plain- 
ly ;— a. express'ittle, that 
may be represented or told. 

Expressu>n,(«ks-prcsh'un) n. 
form of speecli ; tone of 
voice or sound in music ; 
look; feature ; vivid ivpre- 
sentation by language, art, 
the features, etc.;— ti. ex- 
pressive, graphic ; signifi- 
cant;— a(7. expresB'ively, 
einpliatically:— N. express'- 
iveness, force of words ;— 
<i. exprcss'ionlesx, tame. 

Expulsion, (ekR-pul'shun) a. 
banishment; a putting out; 
—a. expul'sive, forcing out. 

Expunge, ^eks-punj') r. t. to 
blot or wipe out; efface. 

Expurgate, (eks-pur'gftt) v. 
(.to cleanse; to purify;— a. 
ex purga'tton, ('ga-tor> i a. 
cxpur'gato>7 .purifying. 

Exquisite. (eksTcwf-ait) o. 
very fine ; excellent ; not 
easily satisfied; fastidious; 
exceeding ; extreme, as 
pain ;— a. one overnice or 
rcfineo in dress ; a fop :— 
ad. ex'qiiisitely. perfectly. 


Extant, (ekft'tant) a. now in 
being or operation ; public. 

Extemporaneous, 'eks-tem- 
pd-ri'ne-ns) a. unpremedi- 
tated ; oral ; not written ;— 
ad. pxtempora'neously. 

Extemporise, (eks-tem'p&- 
rlz) r. I. to speak without 
notes or previous prepara- 
tton ; to discourse off-hand; 
— a</. extem'pore, ready, 

Extend, (eks-tend') v. t. to 
stretch out ; spread ; en- 
large ; to hold out ; bestow 
or impart:— p. t. to stretch ; 
to be continued in length 
or breadth ;— a. extend'ed, 

long I— a. exten'sible, ex- 
tensile, capable of being 
enlarged;- N. extensibility 

Extension, (cks-ten'shun) n. 
bulk I dimensions ; axtent: 
act of extending; a spread- 
ing t prolongafion ; diffu- 
stoo I renewal of notes, *c 

Extensive, ( eks-ten'siv ) a. 
large; wide;ofgreatextont; 
comprehensive ; — ad. ex- 
teu'sivcly ; a.exten'siveness 

Extent, (eks-tenr) a. space i 
compass ; bulk ; lengtiu 

Extenuate, feks-ten u-4t) v. (. 
to diininisti i to underrate ; 
weaken the force of :— a.ex- 
ten'tiiiting, palliating; — ad. 
exten'uatingly ; H.exten <!&'- 
tion. mitigation ; excuses 
for a fault or crime. 

Exterior, (ek»-ti'ri-or) a. out- 
ward I «xtcnial ; — n. out- 
ward appearance; surface. 

V. t. to root out; destroy 
utterly: putan end toi—n«. 
exter'niinator, exterminu'- 
tion, that which destroys ; 
the act of extirpating ;— a. 
extcr'niinatory. ruinous 

External, (eks-tem'al) a. out- 
ward ; apparent ; not in- 
trinsic ; in apnearanee only ; 
accidental i foreini ; — ad. 
externally;— n. pi. extern- 
als, things on the surface 
only, as forms of worship. 

Extinct, (eks-tingkn a. ex- 
tinguished ; dead :— a. ex> 
tinc'tion, destruction. 

Extinguish, (eks-ting'gwish) 
V. t. to quench ; destroy ; 
put an end to: obscure oy 
superior splendor ^-lk. ex- 
tin'guishable, that may be 
put out ;— a. extin'gulnher, 
a cap to put out a light:/*?, 
something which puts an 
end to things, as a speech or 
a project :— a. extin'gulKh- 
ment. extinction ; end, Ac. 

Extirpate, feks-ter'pit) v t. 
to destioy totally; cut off » 
exterminate ;— a. extirpa'- 
tor ^-»l. extirpa'tion. ruin. 

Extol, (eks-toDf . (. to flatter; 

. praise; magnify; celebrate. 

Extort, (eks-tort') v. t. to ex- 
act oppressively ;wreHtfmm 
by compulsion ;—adj$. ex- 
tor'tionate, extor'titmary, 
oppressive ; exacting ;— a. 
extortioner, oppressor. 


by Google 

A promise as^ainst law or duty is 
void in its own nature. ('* If it 
be just, I promise it; if unjust, 
I only said it.") (Gr.>~AGESi. 

A prompt refusal has in part tho 
grace of a favor granted. (Lat.) 
— PuBL. Syrus. [on. 

Appetite grows by what it feeds 




Extrm, (eks'tra) a. beyond, or 
more tiuui u uecevsary ; ex> 
tmordiuarjr ; •dthtioiial i— 
m. a ncwitpapcr nut belonj;- 
mS to the regular ia«ue. 

Extract, (elu-trakt) v. /. to 
draw out ; toselcct: to find 
0>.|t ; to distil:— a. cxtravf 
ible. extracl'ivo ; — n. ex* 
tract, esMciice ; distillutiou i 
pasHi^e from a bi.>oic. &c. 

£xti:action, (ck<-trak'Hhun) 
n. a druMriii;; uut; liiieajfc. 

n. a Uehvering up by one 

fovcrniii'-Mit to anotlicr uf 
ugitivcs f rum Justice. 

Extra-judicial, (ekMra-j6d- 
diah'ul) a. out of the umuaI 
CJMirKC of law. kc. 

Extru-iniiiiduuc, ( cks • tni- 
mun-'dan) ««. beyond or 
above till- material world. 

M. bey<tHtt the wall*. 

Extrane(m<«,(ek4-tra'n£-ui>) a. 
foreijrn ; not essential i—arl. 
extran'eouKly, externally. 

Extraordinary, (ck«>tr(H)-or'. 
diner - i ) a. imcummon t 
wonderful ; special x—al. 
exfraor'dinarily ;— n. pi. ex- 
traor'dinaries. things that 
are unusual, kc, extma. 

Extnirngniit, ( eks ■ trtv ' a • 
gnnt) a. wnstcful; lavish in 
expenses; iriegiilar; u'.\re- 
streined ; excessive ; —itd. 
extrav'ngantly :— •». cxtrev*. 
sgance. irregularity ; ex- 
cess : lavish expense 

Extravacanzn. (••kn-trav-t- 
gnn'za) «.a wild and irreg- 
ular piece of »n-lsicor pUy. 

Sxtravaaate, ( ek»-trav'»«U) 

FABLE. (niiDn. instructive 
or nmusins Hction; o fttlse- 
hood:— p. f. to feign t to in- 
vent :— a//*, fn'bied. fab' 
ulous. incredible ; false ;— 
n./aVuliM. a romancer. 

a textvre ; a in'inufactnred 
article, as cloth, linen, Irc.i 
anything fonned by art and 
lafior; e«mnecte<l parts. 

TabriCAte, (fabri.kit) r. t. tQ 
foi|;es construct: manu^«ic- 

a. to let out nf the proper 
vcsneU, as blood in skin 
b:-ui»ea:— N. extravasa'tioii. 

Extreme, (eks-trim') m. ut* 
most : greatest i outmosti 
ultra; last; nio^t violent or 
urgent :— A. utmost limit; 
end; highest degree; great 
neccssify:— o//. extreinc'iy, 
very: highly:— »w. extreiu'- 
ity, utmost' point, iiortiun, 
degree or dixtress ; emerg- 
ency i—pl. the feet, handw, 
kc..', txtixm'tft, a radical. 

Extricate. ( eks'tri-kit ) v. t. 
to disentangle i to set free ; 
— w. extrication, diseharj(\!; 
diseutanglemeut; relief;— 
a. ex'tneable, delivcnible 
from ditficultv or durcM. 

Extnitikical, (cIcs-trin'Hikiil) 
a. on tlic outside; extenml; 
not belonging to a l>«>dy; 
foreign ; not essscntial ;— 
ail. cxtrin'MC.Uiy. li-ithout. 

Extrude. (uks-trodJ') r. ». to 
thrust out: expel; drive off; 
— «. extru'sioii. expulsion. 

Exuberflnce. (cks-.i'ner-ans) 
n. liixunanret nchnci<H; 
abundnnce ; n. exu'berant. 
overflowin*;: superfluous; 
—ail. exn'berantly, richly. 

Exude. (ek«-ud') v. t. to 
sweat ; discharge through 
pores or incisions, aa per- 
spiration, moisture, etc.:— 
r. I. to flow; to issue forth: 
— n. exnda'tion. emission. 

Exult.(eg>!-ult'^ v.i. t»» rejoice 
g-eitiv; to triumph x — a'l. 
exniritiply x—adjn. exuit'- 
ant, exult'inir, hapny ; tn- 
umphant i — n.exulta'tion, 
Uveljr joy % flee ; rapture. 


ture ; produce i devise false- 
Ivtii.fabtica'tinn, construc- 
tion : manufacture i that 
which is invented; a story. 

Facade, (fa-sid') ». front or 
fncf elevation of an edifice. 

Face, (fas)n. the visage ; the 
forepn'-t of the head ; cast 
of features : look j confi- 
dence : liotdness ; effront- 
ery t presence : — r. t. to 
meet in front; to stand op- 
fiOKite to ; to oppose with ' 

Exuviae. (eks-iVvi-^) n. pi. 
cant off skins, shells, or 
other coverings of animals i 
in gattl., IumiI ahclls, and 
other auinial remains. 

Eye, (i)n. the organ of sight: 
power of seeing or pcrcciH 
tion ; oversight ; ooscrvn- 
tioii ; tlie hole of a needle, 
luopor ring fora hook.etc. : 
— r. I. to tix the eye on ; to 
watch ; to observe narrow- 
ly;— w»«. ene'ball, globe or 
tppleof theeye ; eue'broip. 
hairv arch above the eye ; 
tye'htuh. line of hair that 
edges tlie eyelids ; egeliil^ 
cover of the eye ; the inov- 
aliie skin by means of 
which the e>'e is opened or 
closed at pleabure; tae'- 
tipht, the power of seeing ; 
observation i e//e ' tootli^ a 
tooth next to the grinders. 

Eycbright, (t'bnt) n. a beauti- 
lul little plant of tlieg^nut 
euphrafia. for sight. 

Eve5es««.(l'le«) o.witnouteyes 

Eyelet, (I let) w. hole for cord 

Eye-»-crvice. ( I'ser • vis ) m. 
work that wants wotehing. 

EycMire, (t'bdr) ». something 
offenfive to the sight. 

Eye-witness.(t'wit-ne8)n. one 
who tees a thing done 

Eyry, Aerie, (Axe) n. a place 
birds , 

build { 
hatch their young. 

effronterji resist firmly; to 
put a new aurface on. 

Facet, (fas'et) n. a small su^ 
face, at of a diamond. 

Facetious, (fa-i^'shu^io. hu- 
morous; jocose;— a'/, faee'- 
tinuslv ;— n. fnce'tionsneys. 

Facial, (fa'shi-nl) n. denoting 
the face;— w.ya'oen. aspect^ 

Facile, (fas'il) a. eitsy tr> be 
dooe; easy of accessor con* 
verse : courteous : easily 
persuaded; yieldini^ l 


by Google 

A prophet is not wtthoOit h6nor 
but in his own country. 

Application and industry are tht 
best preservatives of eminence. 

A ready way to lose your friend 
is to lend him money. 

A reasonable man does not Ex- 
pect to find men generally so. 




Facilitate, (fa^il'i^t) r. /. to 
make easy; to leiacn labor. 

FacilUy, (fa^li^i^ n. ease < 
eauineM ^dexterity ; pliaii- 
cy ; easiuesa of access % af- 
fabilitjr ;—)>/. facll'itics, oi>- 
portunitics { ample mcaus. 

Facins,(f is'inp) n^ornament- 
al coverinff in front. 

Facsimile, ( fak-*im'i-I8 ) «. 
that which in similar; copy. 

Fact, (fakt) n. an act ; deed ; 
assertion of a thine dona i 
event! reihtyj truth. 

Faction, (t'ak'Kliun) n. polit- 
ical party » dissension ;— a. 
fac'tious, given to disscn- 
slon I turoulent j— arf. fac*- 
tiously;— II. fac'tiousness. 

Factitious, (fak-tish'iu«) a. in 
opposition to what is nat- 
ural x—art. fae'titiously. 

Factor, (fak'tor) n. an agent 
in trades one who buys and 
sells goods for others on 
comniission ; one of two or 
more naantitics which mul- 
tiplied together, form a pro- 
duct; any thing which helps 
to work out a result or elu- 
cidate a subject i—ii. /nc'' 
tori/, K manufactory ; shop. 

Factotum, (fak-td'tum) n. a 
person who does all kinds 
of work for another; a con- 
fidential clerk, etc. 

Faculty, (f.ik'ul-ti) it. power 
of themiiid; ability :per8on- 
al quality or ^ndownient « 
right, power, or privilege to 
act; the members of a pro- 
fession ; a body of prodTes- 
sora in a college. 

Fade,(f&l) v. tV to wither or 
decay ; to lose color i—v.t. 
to cause to wither;— <!* 
fidinir, subject to decay ; 
withering ; vanishing ;— a. 
fadoiess, unfading. 

FaBces,(fi'Biz) n. ph growul$; 
sediment after distillation; 
excrement;— a. fC'cal. 

Faff, (fag) r. i. to become 
;r cnry ; tire out; to work a4 a 
dm t— r. t. to exhaust 
bv labor;— who works 
hxea drudge: acollegehoy 
forced to do menial offices 
for one older x—n. fag'ging. 

Fag-end, ( fag'end ) n. nn- 
twisted end of a rope* etc.; 
the meaner part of a thing. 

Fagot, (f«c'ut)n.a8tick. 

Fall, ( f 41 ) r. i. to decay j 

perish ; miss ; become in- 
solvent; be disappoiutedor 
baffled;— i*. /.to be wanting 
to ; not to besuliicieut for ; 
— n. faii'in^. a fault, weak- 
ness or dehciency ; a foible. 

Failure. ( f ai'ur ) n. defect ; 
deficiency ; cciwation ; de- 
cay; omission: bankruptcy 

Fain, (tan) a. glad; pleaecd; 
obliged i—ad. gladly. 

Faint, (f ant) a. wcaic i lan- 

gui'i { fading ; licking di«- 
nctness { not briglit or 
forcible t lacking courage ; 
— c. I. to fade or dccav j to 
lose strengtii, color, etci to 
vanish ; to become de- 
pressed ; to swoon ; to sink 
with fatigue; — n. and a. 
faint 'ing, falling into a 
swoon ; Toss of strength. 

Faintlv, (fftnt'li) ad. feebly f 
dimly ; imperfectly ; — a. 
faint'ish, slightly faint. 

Faintuess. (lanrncs) n. state 
of f ecblenei>s ; dimnesK nr 
want of color, light, etc.; 
wantof strength ; dejectton 

Fair, (far) a. free fmui spot; 
beautiful: of a light shade: 
brigitt I clear ; free from 
clouds or rain , favortib!e ; 
unobstructed ; open ; im- 
partial ; hopeful ; moderate; 
prospemus; frank; honest; 
—Off. fair'ly;— II. fairness ; 
w. pU The fair, the female 
•ex ;— a. Fair, a display of 

ftroducts and manufac- 
urea t a stated market. 

Fairy, (f a'ri) n. an imaginary 
spirit ;— «. visionary. 

Faith. (fith)N. belief I fidel- 
ity; reliance; honor. 

Faithful, (fath'ful)a. firm to 
thetnith; loyal; true.— 7%e 
/aith/ui, believers ; — ttd. 
faithfully ;-n. faith 'ful- 
ness, firmness and fidelity. 

Faithless, (fithles) a. treach- 
erous; without belief ; not 
adhering to promi*es,duty, 
etc; delusive ;— <i'^ faith'- 
lessly;— n. faith'lessness. 

Falcated, (falkit rd) a. bent 
like a «ic4-(e. a»Uiearc»cent 
moon and c«maiii leaves. 

Faluhion, ( fawl'ohun ) a. a 
short crooked sword. 

Falcon, (faw'kn) n. a hawk 
trained for hunting ;— ns. 
falconry, falcon 'er. 

Fal derals, a. finery; fracies. 

Fall, (fawl) r. i. to descend 
by the force of gravity; bo- 
come proKtmtc; flow or dift- 
charge, aa a river : vanish: 
dieaway ; lose strength; be- 
come dejected; pasK gently 
into any state, as sleep ; to 
befall; i^isue; to enter upon 
with hnste or vehemence ; 
rush ; drop ; decline ; aiios- 
tatize ;—n. dcbcen: ; ilejcra- 
dation; death: kloitc or de- 
clivity ; a cnseadc ; length 
of a falls outlet of a liver ; 
decrease in value ; a sink- 
ing of tlie voice ; the time 
when the leaves fall ; au- 
tumn ; that which falls ; 
« lapite into sin ; The Fall 
of Adnm and £ve. 

FalIadous,(f al-Ia'shus) a. not 
well founded; producing 
erroror mistake: deceptive. 

Fallacy, (fal'la-j^i) ». deceit- 
fulness ; false ap})eRrance. 

Fallibility, ( fal-li-bil'i-ti ) «. 
lir.hleness to err, or to be de- 
ceived ;— »i. fnl'iible. 

Fallow, (fal'h^) «. pale red or 
ycll«)W ; unciiUivatcd ;— n. 
idle land;— n. fallow'ncss. 

Falkc, (fawls) a. deceptive ; 
untruthful; nnfaiUiful to. 
obligations « treacherous ; 
untrue ; not genuine ; not 
well founded ;—«»/. fulsc'- 
ly :—»!«. false' nes«. dcccU ; 
faUe'hoo^, a lie ; disguise. 

Falsetto, (fawl-set'tO) n. pow- 
erful artificial vjijcc. 

Falsify, (f awl»i-f t) v. t. coun- 
terfeit ; fonce ; disprove ; 
distort by falsehood t—ns. 
fabifica'tion, forgery; lies; 
falsifier, one who uses de- 
ceit, *c.| fals'ity, untruth. 

Falter, (fawner) v. I to hesi- 
tate in speech ; tremble or 
totter ; be irresolute ; — a. 
fal'tering. hesitating x—ad. 
fal'teringly, irresolutely. 

Fame,(fim) n. reputation ; re- 

. nown, ^ood or bad ; public 
report or rumor j — artj». 
noted x—ad. fa'monsly. 

Familiar, (fa-miryer) «i. in- 
timate ; free ; affable; well 
known or understood;— n. 
an intimate acquaintance : 
a demon supposed to at- 
tend atcall:— Af^ familiar- 
ly;— a.famiriarity. easy in- 
tCTourfe ; friencllincss. 


by Google 

A rainbow in the morning is the 
sailor's warning; a rainbow at 
night is the sailor's delight. 

A receiver is worse than a thief. 

Application in youth enriches old 

A proverb is the interpretation 

of the words of the wise. 




Familiarize, (fapinll'yeMz) 
V. t. to accustom: to make 
easy by practice or study. 

Famflv, (faia'i-li)N. house- 
hola; lineage; group of an- 
imals,planti, Uuguages.&c. 

Fanmh, ( famish; v. t. or i. 
to die of hu!ij;er ; piae ; 
starve ; suffer from expos- 
ure :— «. famishment ;— n. 
fam'ute^ starvation ; want. 

Fan. (fan) n. an instrument 
to biosr and cool the face, 
and one to winnowr grain ; 
— t;. t. to blow with a Ian. 

Fanatical. ( ft-?nat'ik-al ) a. 
wild and enthusiastic in 
opinions;— u</. fanat'icnlly ; 
n. fanat'ic, nn enthusiast ; a 
bigot; fanat'icism. wildund 
excessive religious enthu- 
siasm ; extravagant ideas. 

Fancy, (fan'si) n. the faculty 
of forming images in the 
mind ; notion ; unreason- 
able opinion ; whim: taste; 
—a. elegant; ornamental; 
— w. t. or i. to ims^ne or 
suppMe : have a liking or 
fancy for: be pleased with; 
— a. fan'cif HI, whinisic:il ; 
strange ; odd -.—a'!, fan'ci- 
fully ',-~n. fan'cifulaess. 

Fane,. ( fin > n. a religious 
temple : place of devotion. 

n. vain boasting : display ; 
bravado; n«.fan'fare.tune; 
public flourish : fan'faron, 
«ne who boasts ; a bully. 

Fang, (fang) n. tusk of an 
animal : ctuw; talon ; ser- 
pent's tooth : —a. fangcd*. 

Fantasia, (fan-tA-Ei-a) n. a 
fanciful niece of music not 
govcrnea by niuuical rules. 

Fanta8tical,(f an-tas'tik-ah a. 
fanciful; whimnical: im- 
aginary ; not real ; wild :— 
ad. fantas'tically ;— n. fan' 
tasm, a creation of fancy. 

Far, (fir) a. distant ; remote; 
more di«tanC of two :— o/f.. 
remotely : in a great propor- 
tion; very much; to a great 
height ; to a certnin point. 

Farce, (f&m) n. ludicrous or 
empty show ; a low com- 
edy :— a. farcical, dull t ri- 
diculous;— <?t/. farc'icjUv. 

Fare, (fir) r. i. to be iij a 
pood or iMid state ; rat ; get 
on ; succeed ; happen ;— n. 
price of passags ; food. 

FareweU, (fir-wel') int. wish 
of welfare »— n. act of tak- 
ing leave ; well-wishing at 
parting; a. final; <u/. adieu. 

Far-fetched, (f ar'f echt) a-un- 
natural ; foiced ; strained. 

Farina, (fn-rFna) n. ground 
cum ; meal ; flour ; pollen, 
&c.; a. forinace'ous, mealy. 

Farm, (farui) ». laud occu- 
pied by a larmer ;— r. t. to 
cultivute the soil ; to lease 
or rent land -.— lui. farm'er, 
ore who cultivates land; 
/ia-m'ing, husbandry. 

Farrago, (tar-ra'gO) n. a con- 
fused mass or medley. 

Farrier, (f ar'ri-er) it . one who 
cures or shoes horses ;— n. 
far'riery, art of curingdis- 
cases oi cattle, horaes, &c. 

Farrow, (f ar-i^) ». a cow giv- 
ing milk over a year with- 
out calving ; litter of pigs. 

Farther, (rAr'ther)«. tending 
to a greater distance: long- 
er; additional ;—at/. more 
remotely ; at a greater dis- 
tance ; moTeovcr ;— a. and 
ad. far'thest, most remote. 

Farthing, (far'thing) n. the 
one-eighth of a cent; mite. 

Farthingale. ( fir'tliing-gal) 
n. a ciinoline for dresses. 

Fascicle, (fas'si kl) n. in tot., 
a close cluster, with the 
flowers much crowded to- 
gether. OS in the swcet- 
W illinm ;— afl[/».f ascic'ular, 
fa«cic'ulate,unitedin tufts. 

Fascinate, (fas'ni-nat) v. t. to 
charm; to enchant «flx or 
control by the glance ;— <i. 
jras'ciniting, bewitching;— 
n. fascin&'tion, faculty of 
charming; mysterious at- 
tractive power exerted by 
the eye, words or manner. 

Fascine^fas-*€n') n. a bundle 
of sticki!. ftc, used to raiM 
batteries and All ditches. 

Fashion, (fash'un) n. fonnt 
custom; mo<le; manner; 
genteel society: sort ,— 1». t. 
to form ; mould : make ac- 
cording to a pattern : to suit 
or adapt;— n. fosh'ioner. 

Foshionable,(fash'nn-a-bl) n. 
made acennling to prevail- 
ing fashion ; observant of 
fashion in dreos or living; 
genteel ; moving in high 
society:— <i«y. fash'tonabiy; 
—II. faah'ionablenesH. 

Fast, (fast) v. t. to abstain 
from food^-n. abstinence; 
day of fasting ;— a. rapid ; 
swift : firm ; sure ; close- 
pressed I rash ; dissipated ; 
— orf. with speed ; soundly 
(asleep); /a<(7|/, firmly ,ftc.; 
faatA/y, close to : /tut and 
lootc inconstant ; false. 

Fasten, (faa'n) v. t. to make 
Armor tight ; fix securclv: 
hold together ;— v. j. to nx 
itself J- n. fas'teuing. that 
which fixes or confines. 

Fastidious, ( f as-tid'i-us ) a. 
hard to please ; overnice t 
squeamikh ; affecting su- 
perior taste I— ad, fastid'- 
lously I— n. fastidiousness. 

Fostigiate. ( fas • tij'i-it ) a. 
pyraniiaal, as trees with 
erect, parallel branches. 

Fastness, < fasrues ) u. firm- 
ness ; speed : a stronghold. 

Fat, (fat) n. oily part of an- 
imal Bodies ; the richest 
part of anything, as the /at 
o/ the iaml; — a. grobs : 
plump: fruitful;—!), t. t(> 
make iat ;-t'. t. to grow fat. 

Fatal, (fit'al) a. deadly ; de- 
structive ; mortal ; calami- 
tous ;—«</. f it'ally ;— tu. f ir • 
Olist, fat'alism. the belief, 
or one who believes thntnll 
•vents happen by unavoid- 
able necessity; n .lit alistic. 

Fatality, U>i>tal'i-ti)>i. invin- 
cible necessity ; mortality. 

Fate, fit) N. inevitable ne- 
cessity ; destiny; appoint- 
ed lot ; ill-fortune ; doom : 
final isiiue ; — «. fifed, 
doomed ; destined ; fixed. 

Fates, (fits) n. pi. in myth., 
Ctotho, Lachesis, and At- 
ropos. See ifyfA., page .1.57. 

Father, (fi'ther) n. a male 

esrent « a forefather ; a 
tic of respect, Ac.; a con- 
triver or originator ; God : 
V. (. to adopt ; to ascribe to 
one as his offspring or ^-o- 
duction ;— a. fa'therly. like 
a father ; paternal ; — ns. 
fa'tkerland, land of one's 
birth; /of Aer-in-Zaio, father 
of one's husluind or wife ; 
the Father*, Christian wri- 
ters up to A. D. 1200 ;— a. 
father'iesB, orphaned. 
Fathom, (fath'um)ii. six feet 
in depth ;— «. *. to try the 
depth of ; to comprehend 


by Google 

A pnxdcnt man procures in sum- 
mer the sleigh, and in winter 
the wagon. — Roumanian. 

A ready hand makes light work. 

A pure conscience is a continual 

A quarrelsome dog comes limp* 
ing home. — Scotch. 




or evi to the bottom of t^ 
tt'lj*. fath'omalilc. «|>l« to 
be fttthoined < fHth'oralesi, 
bottomieiis i iinpetictnible. 

Fatigue, (ft-tij^'j n. great 
weariness ; toil i — r. t. to 
wcaiy to exceMi to tire. 

Fatliitfr. (fat'liiii:> n. a vounf 
animal fattened for beef. 

Fatiieu, (fat'not) n. flcshi- 
neM ; fertility } richneas. 

Fatten. C fnfn ) r. r. to moke 
lot or tc.tile;— 1>. i. to arrow 
fat: — n^fatt'ening. ninkinK 
or growing fat; fatfener, 
he rho. or that which fat- 
ten* ;— «. fatf y, greasy. 

Fatuity. Cfa-ti\'i ti) tu inibe- 
cility; foohnhneKs; a. fat'u- 
ouB, fuoliAh : »lc •eptive. 

Fancen. ( fnirM-a; n. /»f. up- 
iwr part of the iiirott, from 
the root of the tongue to 
t'!ie fjitmncc of the gullet. 

Faucet, (iaWnet) n. % pipe 
for tlrawinjf liquot : aucU 

Fough,^fHU)(N^ exclamation 
of cuntenipt or disgust. 

Fault, (fault) m. bU-mihh j of- 
fence; failiii.:;: error; want; 
—a:[i». liuilt'lcs*. perfect ; 
fanlfy, deceutive ; blant- 
able :'— atlvt. iaulf IcsKly, 
f ault'ily t -- n» fault' les'ft- 
nf««, fiiulf iness ',— n. fault- 
Jind'tnp, captious censure ; 
at fault, puzzled; wrong. 

Fauna, (tawn'u^ n. the ani- 
mals of a region or epoch. 

Favor, (fi'rur) n. kind re- 
prd ; lenity ; a gift :— r. I. 
to sunport; countenance; 
treat Indulgently ; tnaiford 
iidvantace to;— ct. fa'vored. 
indulged ;— ii. fa'vorer. 

Farorable, (fi'vur-a-bl) a. 
nropitiotis to success ; kind ; 
jriendly ; convenient : ad- 
vantageous ; — ad. ^a'vor- 
ably;— H. fa'vorableness. 

Tavonte, (fi'vur-it) n. a par- 
ticular friend; onetinuuly 
loved ; — a. preferred ; es- 
teemed ; t>elovcd x-^n. fa'- 
voritism .showing partiality 

Fawn, (fawn) n. a young 
deer; a cringintf bow; mean 
flattery :—»•. i. to flatter ; to 
cringe in a servile way ;— 
n. fawn'cr, one who flatters 
to thrive \—a<l. fawn'ingly. 

Fay, (fi) n. a fairy ; an elf. 

Fealty, (fi'ai-ti) n. fidelity. 

Fear. 'fCr) n. apprehcnsiMS 

of stU t aiarm i the object 
of fear I reverence;— v. (. 
or t. to dread : stand in a we. 

Fearful, (fir'f uh a. afraid ; 
timorous; terrible; exciting 
intciiae fear;— od. fear'f uH 
ly;- «. fear'fulaesa. 

Fearless, (fifties) a. brave ; 
undaunted ;— at/. feafleMk- 
ly;— ». fear'lessness. 

Feasible, (f6z'i-bi) a. able to 
be done; eaoy; practicable; 
—ad. teiu'ibly :— n«. leas'- 
iblenesd. feastbil'ity. 

Feast, (fitit) n. a sumptuous 
repast; a fe«tival; rich en- 
ioymcnt for the mind or 
heart: — r. i. and f. to give or 
receive intense delight ; to 
eat or entertain sumptu- 
ously:— it. fcast'er. 

Feat, (til) n. action ; a deed 
mtnifcsting extraordinary 
strength, skill or courage. 

Feather, (fcth'cr)n. covering 
of birds ; plume ;— r. t. to 
cover witii plumage ; to 
adorn ; to make comfort- 
able and rich, as to feather 
one's tiest; — a. feath'cry. 
To feather an oar, to bring 
it out of the water in a flat 
or horizontal position. 

Feature, ^fef ur) n. form or 
castoi tne face; lineament; 
—pi' the countenance ; — 
atya. feafured. with feat- 
ttres; well marked tfent'ure- 
Icss. without salient points. 

Febrifuge, (fcb'ri-fuj) n. a 
medicine to cure fever. 

Febrile, (f«bril) a. partakir* 
of fever; feverish. 

Februarv, ( feb'rfi-ar-i ) n. 
second month in the year 

Fecul«,(fek'a-la)n. thegreen 
matter of plants ; starch. 

Fcculpnt,f fek'u-lcnt) a. foul; 
muddy ; turbid ;— n*. fcc'- 
nlence, fec'ulencv, dregs. 

Fecund ite. ffeTcund-it) v. t. 
to make fruitful i to im- 
pregnate ;— a. fcc'und, fer- 
tile; prolific:— nj. fecunda'- 
tion .act of making fruitful; 
f ertili zation : fecund ' tl>i, 
productiveness ; proliflc- 
ness in fcm-Ue animals. 

Federol, (fed'er-al) a. found- 
ed upon mutual ngrcement, 
as a iedcral union ; — o. 
fe«reratc. federa live, uni- 
ted » uniting :— >u. f cd'eral- 
isl, fed'eralism, support of 

ft federal constitu;ion or 

firm central government 

Fee; (fe) n. a reward: recom- 

Kmse; a tenure;— r. t. to re- 
in by a fee, as a lawyer. 

Feeble. (f« bl) a. very weakr 
infirm: slow; faint; dull of 
intellect, etc. ;—ar/. feebly; 
— M.f ee'bleneus J— a. fee'blc- 
minded. without flnnness. 

Feed, (fed) v. t. or t. to sup- 
ply with food : eat: nourish ; 
inspire j foster ;— n. feed- 
er, he who feeds or that 
which supi)lies ;— n. meat ; 
pasture ;—n.feed'tng. 

Feel, (f«l) V. t. or i. to per- 
ceive by the touch: handle; 
be conscious or keenly sco- 
siblc of I have the emotions 
excited ;— n. touch ; act of 
perception ; — n feel'ing, 
touch; the consciousness of 
pleasure or pain ; tender- 
ness; emotion;— ^/. the af- 
fections or passions ; — a. 
expressive of sensibility ; 
tender ;— a-/, fcel'ingly. 

Feign, (f&n) v. L to pretend : 
dissemble ; invent ; imag- 

ine ; — ad. feign 'edly ;— a. 
feign 'ing, o false show. 
Feint, (f4nt) n. a false show 

or appearance ; a mock as- 
sault; a deceptive more. 

Feldspar, (fild'spir) n. crys- 
talline mineral found in 
granite t— n. feldspath'ic. 

Felicitate, (fe-lts'i-tit) v. t. to 
express joy j to congratu- 
late x^n.ftheita tion, kind 
wishes; — a. fehc'itous, pros- 
perous ; delightful ; appro 
priate ;— arf. felic itously ; 
— H. felic'ity, bliss ; happi- 
ness ; a happy event. 

Feline, (fillnj o. like a cat 

Fell, (fel) o. fierce ; savage ; 
cruel ;— M. a barren or stony 
hill ;-n. fell'nes8;-ad.fcr- 
ly ;—pret. of Fall ;— r. t. to 
Cut down: to knock down. 

Fellow, (ferii'))n. an associate 
or equal ; one of a pair « • 
mate; amemberof a scien- 
tific or learned society ; a 
contemptible person. 

Fellowship, (fellft-ship) «. 
society; Intercourse; con- 
nection ; a college endow- 
ment for the support of 
graduates called jellow$; 
fenow-feehng, symps*"^" 
fcllow-hiir. Jointlieir. 


by Google 

A rickety chair will not senre 
long as a seat. — Danish. 

A rolling stone gathers no moss. 
(Gr.) — (This is applied to peo- 

ple who keep themselves al- 
ways poor by continually 
changing their - employment, 
or place of residence). 




Kelly, (fein) felloe. Cicl 16) » 
the nm of « wheel. 

F(»ton, (felon) n. one Rullty 
«1 fclonT « * tumor}— n.lcf- 
' onr. a capital cnme ;— a. 
fcronioui* wicked, villain- 
ou»:— aJ. telo'niou«ly.with 
deliberate crluiinal inten- 
tion, n. 'if '/o-de-ie. a suicide 

Felt, (felt) w cloth made of 
wool united without wear- 
ing .— r. m:ike into or 
cover with ielt;— n.feU inz. 
felt -FpU rref of Fed. 

Femnle, (fe^ftl)n. tez which 
beiir .vnung : a. 5of, havm-' 
a pistil or frait-bearin;; or- 

Ssu:— a. feurininc, tender; 
e'lcate, woinanij. denot- 
. tnggender,>-a«/.lem'inine> 

S'lu jemme<ouv'ert,»mzr- 
ed woman :— m/e . a maid . 

Feniural. (fvm'o-ral) a. be« 
icnjnug t(» the thigii. 

F«n,(f en) N. marvh ; c fen'ny 

l^ellce. ifens) /i. a wall or 
hedge to inclose Innd ; the 
art M fencing i defence ;— 
V. I. to inclose with a fences 
— c. t. to practue fencing.— 
a. fence'less, destitute of 
tcnce i— M. fenc'ing, sawed 

' timber or other materials 
to make fences t the art of 
attack and defence. e«D 
with the arms;— a defend- 

: L tnc or warding; — a. Icnc'* 
ible, capoble of defence 

Fend, (fend) v. t. or i. to re- 
pel; ward or keep off. 

Fender, (fender) n. a metal 

giard oefore a fire t a pro> 
etion for a ship's side 
Feuestral, (fe*nes'tral) a. be- 

k)nging to, like windows. 
Fenianism, (fin'yan-izm) n. 

an Irish organization. 
Fennel, (fen el) n. a fragrant 

plant with ycUow flowers. 
Fenne, ift'rtn) a. like a wild 
-^ beast 1 savaf e : also/erVil. 
mcrmcnt.< ferment) M. a gen- 
r^\% boUlng : tumult ; fomn. 
fenAfllt,ff crimen to r. t. or«. 
L^ .to«Mli4 to cffcrrescc: to 
y^ -tnfUtne i to Oe stirred with 
j 'Mffer i—a. f emirnrtd, dc- 
■^'»oang malt liouors ;— a. 

ferment ' sttle, icrment'a- 

tire. capable of or causing 

fermentation I n«. ferment- 
: ability, f crmcnta'tiveness. 
fermentation. (fer-men-t&'- 

sliun)n. ^erreccenee; the 


chunce which takes place u< 
h(iuid:»whcn ex posed t<> th« 
sir, putrefaction which pro 
duces alcohol or vmetfar . 
restlcKS action of the ii)in<l 
Fern, (fcrn)n aweil-kuown 
plant of 
many spe- 
cics. with 
leaves called 
fronds , — a. 
ferny, over. 

frown with 

Ferocious. (f«. 
rd'shub ) a. 
fierce ; barbarous ; indicat- 
ing great cruelty ,— o'/. fe- 
ro'ciously ;—n». ferocious- 
ness. feroc'ity. wildncss : 
fury 1 untamed fierceness. 

Ferret, (fer'et) v. t. to drive 
from a lurking place i to 
scorch nut carefully and 
minutely, hkcn ferret ;— n 
r tame or trained animal of 
the weasel kind ; a nbbon. 

Ferrusmoua, ( Icr-rQ'jm-us) 
a. of the culor of irou rust ; 
impregnated with iion ,— a. 
of. like, or j'lclilmg iron. 

Ferry, (ler'i) «. a pi ice for 
croMing a river : nght oi 
conveying passengers; a 
ferrj'-Doat;— 1». t. to convey 
over water ;— «. ler ryman. 

Fertile, (ler'til) a. fruitful t 
producing much i rich in 
resources: inventive ;— a</. 
f er'tilely i—n.fcrtil'ity .rich- 
ness of soil ; abundance. 

Fertihze, (fer'til-iz) v. t. to 
enrich ; make fruitful, as 
the soil, plants, insects, Act 
a./tftUmny, making pro- 
ductive ;—ris. jfertUvctr. a 
rich manure. &c.i/er(i/u> 
cr'don, enrichment, etc. 

Ferule, (fer'rool) n. a wood- 
en slappcr for tlic hand ;-> 
n.f er'rule, a rint at the end 
of a stick to strtngthcn it. 

Fervent, (fer'vcnt) a. warms 
ardent j zealous \—nd. fer'- 
vently, earnestly x—n. fer*- 
veiicv, cagcr:iess s heat of 
mind; warmth of devotion. 

Fervid, (fer'vid) a. fiery; 
zealous; very carrtcstswith 
burning desire or emotion; 
nrf. fervidly; n-fervidness 

1-crvor. ^fc^ver) n. ardor; 
va.-mthol niin.l : real. 

Festal, (festal) <i. relating to 
a feast s joyous; gay-,— n. 
festival, a joyful celebra- 
tion: feast; solemn day;— 
a. fes'tive, mirthful ;— a<f. 
festively s - n. festiv'ity, 
social loy » mirth : gayety. 

F<ii>ter.(fes ter) i>. i. to rankle; 
grow Tinilenti a.fes'tenng 

Festoon .(fcs-t66n')n. a kind 

of — 




V. I. to go and bring ; to ob- 
tain as its price ; heave, as 
a sigh i to reach ; attain ;— n. 
a trick i ghost. 

Fete,(f it)N.f estival ; holiday; 
— o. /e'te<l, en tertain rd. 

Fetich, (fi'tish) n. anything 
m nature or art to wiiich a 
magical power is ascribed, 
and which is superstitions- 
ly worshiped, ai among cer- 
tain African tnbes;— m. f6 - 
tichism. a belief in charm*. 

Fetid, (Ict'id) a. rancid: foul. 

Fetlock, (fctlok) n hair be 
hmd the pastern of a hon.e. 

Fetter, (fct'er) n a chain lor 
the feet; anything that re- 
strains—used chiefly in /»/.; 
— 1». t. to chain ; to bind. 

Fetus, (fd'tus) a. a chilu or 
animal m the womh. 

Feud, (f&d)a. violent quar- 
rel; broils land held on con 
dition of service ; — atijtt' 
feud ' al, f eud'ntonr s — a. 
feud'alism. feudal tenures. 

Fever, (fi'ver) n. a dis^are 
marked by great bodily 
heat, and quickening of 
pulses a painful degree of 
anxiety ;— a. fer'crish, in- 
dicating fever i fidgety s 
fickle:— arf.fe verishly;— n. 
fe'verishness, rcstlcssncsa. 

Few, (f 0) a. small number ; 
not many ;— a. 1 ew'ness. 

Flat, ( f rut ) n. a decree s a or solemn command 

Fib, (fib) n. falschooil :— c i. 
to tell a he :— a. flbb'er. 

Fiber, (fibber) n. a slender 
thread; one of the threads 
composing the parts of an- 
imrls or vesetaSles. 

Fibrous, (fi-hnu) a. cottsial» 


by Google 

A room hutfg with pictures is a 
room hung with thoughts. — 
Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

A rotten tgg cannot be spoiled. 

A secret fire is discovered by the 

smoke. — Catalan. 
A secret- imparted is no longet* a 

secret, — Itallan. 




ing of fibers ;— n. f I'broue 
ncss; ». fl'brfl, email liber; 
—%'*/. yTjnTte, fine root*, u 
of lichens ; — a.f Ibril'lous ;— 
n. fi'bri$ie, an orgnnic com- 

{lound. compoicd of 
h' eady fibers, found la aii- 
imals and vegetables. 
Fickle, (fikl) a. changeable 

In mind :— ». fickleness. 
FicUle, (flk'tll) a. moulded j 

fashioned br the potter. 
Fiction, (fik'»hun) ff. m in- 
vented sto'y < a romance;— 
a.ficti'tious, imaginary (not 
real ;— <i^/. ficti'tioanly. 
Fiddle, (fld1) n. a stringed 
me nti 
violin I 
— r. I. to 
a violin ; 
n. Add'. 
kr;-ex. fld'dlcstick I bosh. 
Fidelity, (fl-dcli-ti) n. faltli- 
fulness; honesty* veracity. 
Fidget, (flj'et) r. i. to move 
by tits and starts ;— ti. un- 
cusy motion of the body ;— 
in pi. nervous restlessness; 
uneasy person;— <i.^/}7'c'y 
Fiduciary, (fi-du'shi-ar-i) a. 
held iu trust ; unwavering; 
— n. one who holds in trust; 
— <i. fidu'cial, of the nntnr« 
of a trust;— fic/. fldu'cially. 
Fie, (ft) ex. denoting con- 
tempt, dislike or disgust 
fief, {tit) n. a fee ; estate, 
ietd, (f$ld) n. a piece of en> 
closed open land ; a Imttle 
ground ; room for action of 
any kind ; wide expanse t 
— »!*. fleld-hook\% surveying 
book;^r/c/-oi/7cer, a majori 
*c.; /teUt'jyiece^ artillery. 
Fiend, (ff'nd) ». an implac- 
able enemyi the devil;— n. 
fiSnd i«h, wicked i mali- 
cious;— n. flfnd'ishness. 
Fierce, (f*rB)a. violent; forc- 
ible; vehement; ad. fierce'- 
ly :— If. fierce'ness, fury. 
Fiery, (fl'er-i) a. consisting 

of fire ; hot ; passionate. 
Fife, (f if ) n. a small musical 

fiipe an octave higher than 
he flute J— n. flf'er, player. 
Fir teenth.flfth. five, fiftieth, 
fifty, arljs. the ordinal or 
last numners of 15, 5, AO ;— 
ns. Mfi. MUh, atith imrt* i— 
mt. fllthly. in ^frh place. 

Jt'if, (fig) ".the flff tree or iU 
fruit; a triflingthiog. 

Fight, (fit) V. i. or t. to con- 
tend in war or single com- 
bat ; to make resistance ;— 
fi. a struggle ; combat ; en- 
cagemcnt in battle: — iw. 
iighf er, a quarrelsome per- 
son ; flghfing, the act of 
contending:— a.engiiji^ in 
or fit £or war ;— n. a battle. 

Figment, (fig'mcnt)n inven- 
tion ; fiction ; device. 

Figurative, (flg'iir-a-tiv) a. 
metaphorical; flov/erv; 
typical ;—afl. flg'umtivefy. 

Figure, (ftg'ur)!!. a chamctcr 
(hipe ; a drawing: a de^irn ; 
a statue ; appearance ; lin- 
age; value; splendor; steps 
iu a dance; arhetoricsl ex- 
pression in which words 
arc not used in their literal 
sense ;— r. f. or i. to make 
figures ; to imagine i sym- 
bolize: form; foreshow; be 
or apiiear conspicuoun:— a. 
fig'urable. capable of form 
or cnm:mtatlon i— ii. figur- 
etrility.fig'uring ;— n. fig'u 
nte,of a determinate figure 
ftg'ured^ variegated ;— MS. 
J!g'urantf, a female ballet- 
dancer; Jigurtheadt a mere 
statue, or useless person 
made conspicuous for a 

Surposo : to cut a figurt^ 
isplay one's self. 

Filament, (fil-a-ment) n. a 
slender thread; a fiber. 

Filbert, (fll'bcrt) n. hazel nut 

Filch, (filsh) V. t. to purloin. 

File, (ffl) a. tool for smooth- 
ing iron ; a roll or list i wire 
for papers, invoices, etc.: a 
lin oof soldiers;— r.t. to cut, 
ftc. with a file : to place in 
order or on record i march. 

Filial, (fll'e-al) a. becontingto 
a child, in relation to the 
parents ir-nd. fll'ially. 

Filigree, ( fll'i-gri ) n. orna- 
mental work of gold wire. 

Filinjj. (firing) n. particle. 

Fill, (fll) V. t.oT I. to make or 
become full ; to perform the 
duties of ! to siipnly a va< 
cant oflllcei— n. f ulVness. as 
much as snppliex a want. 

Fillet, (filet) n. head band ; 
a joint of veal ; m arch., a 
small space or band used 
along with mouldings. 

Fillibuster, (fil'i-bus-ter) a. a 
piratical adventurer;one of 
a bind for tlie lawless in- 
vasion of a foreign state. 

Filling, (firing) n. the woof 
in weaving: ^at which fills 
anything, as a pillow, etc. 

Fillip, (fiPip) V. t. to strike 
with the nail of the finger; 
f o ce from the ball of tlie 
tiuunb wiHi a sudden Jerk; 
—n. a stroke with the miger 

Filly, (fli'i) n. a young mare. 

Film, (film) n. a thiu skin or 
pellicle on the eye ; a very 
slender thread i— n. filin'y, 
composed of films or mem- 
branes;-*!, film'iness. 

Filose. (f i1&() n. ending in a 
thread-like process. 

Filter, (irtcr) n. a cloth or 
wire strainer;- ». 1. to pu- 
rify or defecate, as liquor j 
-IS I. to percolate through 
n porous substance. 

Filth, ( a 1th) n. foul matter; 
anything tliat defiles, phys- 
ically or morally ; a. filthy, 
foul ; unclean \—ad. filtli'- 
ily x—n. filth'iness, dirt. 

Filtrate, (fll'trit) r. 1. or t. to 
jxircolate:- M. filtration. 

Fimbriated, (flm'bri-at-cd) a. 
f ringed on the margin. 

Fin. (fin) n. the wins-like or- 
gan by which a flsn swinisi 
— at(/«.fln'ny.dcnoting fish; 
finleut, without fins. 

Final, (fl'nal)a.endiaK; con- 
clusive; last; respecting the 
end or motive; wl. fl'nally^ 
—n.finatittf, an ultimatum 

Finale, (fi-ni'le) n. the eadi 
last piece in music, Ae^ 

Finance, (fi-nans')n. money: 
money generally ; relating 
to the public treasury ; a 
branch of political econ- 
omy;— ;>/. income from 
taxes. &C.I revenue; — a. fi- 
nan'cial;— Off. ftnan'cialiy, 
as to money ;—n. flnan'cinr, 
a sagacious calculator, puo- 
lie or private : a banker. 

Find, (find) v. t. to discovert 
learn; furnish: experience; 
perceive »— a. pi. findings, 
a journeyman's tools, &c. 

Fine, (fin) a. showy ; cay; 
handsome ; subtile t tliln % 
slender ; exquisite t nice ; 
delicate : overdonei splen- 
did: tn/a«,iB eonclusion | 
—a. penalty ; — a. fin'able. 


by Google 

A secret is too little for one, 
enough for two, and too much 
for three. — Howell. 

A setting hen .never grows fat. 

A secret is seldom safe ia more 
than one breast. — Swift. 

A secret that is whispered is not 
worth a pea. — Spanish, 




•abject to « fine;— I* f. totn- 
flict a peualty; inak« fine ; 
refine; pa nfyj—rtt/ tine'ly: 
— ;i. finc'ncMt, elogaBce 

Finery, (fiirer-i»n fine dress 
or thiBji:* : Apiendor s 6how 

Fineiise, (fi-itcfi*) «t. artifice, 
art ; Mratugein ; rubtiUy ; 
—c- I. to use Htratajgem 

Fin,fer, (lin^siT) n one of 
the five extreme part* of 
(heUaiid.afinscr'bO eulth. 
an index, or anj'tliinj: re- 
MiHbtias a fiajser , — o t 
to iiandie . to pilfer T use 
thefin^cTMm piayin^rau^ic 

Fininsrinjir. (finaier-inR) it. 
tuiichins with the finserH ; 
»tylc of notenused tn teach 
mg piano music . touch. 

Fi nee red, (tin^'gerd) tt han 
died: havme nii;;erK 

Finial, (^fiii i-al) «■ tlie bunch 
of ioliase, etc.. at the top 
of a umnacle; the pin uncle 

FiuiCHi, (finik-nl) a affect- 
tdly /int orprecise iiitnfleti. 
nice:foppi>h,a7. fiu ically 

Fininj;. ( iiH'in;; ) M. prucewt 
of refining or punlying 

Finis; (fi'ni^) h- the end. 

FiniKh. (fin n^h) <*. t to end : 
perfect; complete. -M.tluit 
which fint^he* . the last 
touch- the 1 (^)t ooutuf plas- 
ter to a wall ,— M tin islier 

Finite, (trnitt a bounded, 
limited .— o'f. finite'Iy 

Fir, (fery /I. the name of acv- 
era! species of cone-lieanng 
rc>innu« troe». valuable lor 
timber ur ornament 

Fire, (fir>«. heat and light: a 
burinng: tonflajTratiou; se- 
vere trial; anytkiug pro- 
TokinK : ardor of paasion ; 
Tigor ; bnghtnenKof tancy; 
enthusiaKin; sexual love;— 
V. /. or f . to !«et or take fire : 
imtate; animate; inflame; 
to discharge fire-arm*. 

Fire-arms (fir'arinit) i». )d. 
cannona, gaint, pihtolH. etc. 

Fire-brand, ( lir'bnind ) n. 
wood on fire ; a disturber of 
the peace : an incendiary 

Fire-damn. ( f ir'damp) n. car- 
biirctted Wydrosen vn* m 
coal mines, apt lo take fire. 

Fire-engine, ( fir'en-jin ) m. a 
steam pump. &e., to ex- 
. tingiUKn lirex with water. 

Firefly, (fir'fli) n. a winged 
fly, laminou* at night. 

Fireman. ( fir'man | m. one 
who keepx up the fire of a 
f^eain eagriu*. tc : a man 
who extinguirihet fire*. 

Flreplace.(tir'pJa»>«. receiw: 
flues for firch in a hou^e ; a 
hearth; — m. fire'oide. do- 
meMtic life: home;— a /ire' 
pro^t, incambu»tiblc. 

Fire-workK. ittr'wurkft) n pi 

Sreparationo of gun-pow 
er. ftulphur, &c.. for ex- 
ploding lu the air. 

the wornlupof fire, chiefly 
in Persia aud India,— n. 
fiTe.wor«.hiper, a Parsce. 

Firing.(fir'iag»M adi-^cha.'ge 
of kwx% or other musxitcs ; 
fuel, firewood ; iguitiun. 

Firkin.(fer'kin)#i . a niea>ure 
equal to >( of a band. 

Finn. ( term ) a. comiiact -. 
fixed; strong; unshaVcn { 
resolute :— m. partnership ; 
ad. flrm'^ \—n. firm'nefs. 

Firmainciit. (fcrra'a-inent) n. 
the region of the air ; the 
kky;— ((. firniamen'tal. 

Fin.t. ( lerht > a, foremost ; 
preceding all others latime, 
place, degree, ofHce : most 
eminent , chief , — «'/. ni 
the fir»t place , btfore all 
otlicr»{— N< firstborn, the 
eldest child, &e. ;— a first 
brouj^ht iorih—first-Jrutt*. 
the fir%4 profits or effects of 
anything; ^;Kr/»t»flp, hrst of 
a flock , firM-hand, from 
the author or maker : first 
ttHtttast, always ; altogether. 
— «.'/ yirsr/jT.tolivgm with. 

Fin>t-rate. (ferst'-iiit^ <i. the 
highest rate of excellence; 
pre-eminent m iiuality, 
size, or esttiination. 

Furth. Fntii, (fetth, fnth)ii. 
the opening of anverinto 
the tica t narrow inlet. 

Fisc.ll. (Sttlial) a. relating to 
money or the public treas- 
ury or trea»iu.-ec; M.reyeiiuc 

Fifh. (Ashti/. an animal liv- 
ing 111 water;—".*, to try to 
catch fis>h; toscek toobtaiu 
by artifice ;— a. rt^h'y. hav- 
ing a fiiih flavor or smell ; 
improbable, as a fuOi story; 
—IIS. fi*h'er. fish' 
whose occupation is fibb- 
ing i fish'mg, fish'ery, or 
flsh'eQes. the buftine»s of 
flsliiiigor place tor c itch- 

ing fish ; /uh-4to0k, a wire 
to hold fish bait: JUk- 
monger, a dealer i» tish. 

up into two partit :— a. fis' 
Nile, that may be cleft or 
split length wue, as i^late 

FiH.siparous, (fiit-.-sip a-rus) a 
profMifaledoY Kpontancous 
fi^von into minttte parts. 

Fl.s<lro^tral, (flit-si-ros tral) a. 
having a dee|>ly cleft or 
gaping beak, a* svullows. 

Fi»»urc. (fish Sr; m. a cleft or 
slit ; a narrow chasm . 

Fist, rflKt) N. tlie clohed or 
clenched hand ;— n. fiKt'i- 
cuffs, blows with the fistt. 

Fiiitula. (flsta-la) ». a d.>ep, 
narrow. siuiiou<< ulcer. 

Fi#.tulou». (flstu-lus) flstular. 
(fist'u-lai) a like a fistula ; 
hollo« like a pipe or reed 

Fit, (fit)j|. attack of spaxms, 
as aiioplcxy, eiulepsy. &c.i 
a paroxysm of anything, 
as laughter : an interval : a 
parsing humor;— a. suit- 
able, qualified convenient; 
—I', t. totiuit;adnp:. equip; 
quality.— at/. titly;-«. At- 
ncMi- (f. fit'fttl. marked bv 
sudden impulses ;9pasn(oa 
iCi unsteady; n fit'fulucM 

Fitting, (fit'ing>a. fit; appro- 
priate ,— «. pi things used 
lu Hting up,— at/, fittingly 

Fivefold (flv'loUl) a taken 
or repeated five times. 

Five-Twen ties,( f I v'-t wen -tl» i 
M. war BondHof the l.'nited funded in to 4's. 
which were payable in 5 or 
20years. at Govt, option. 

Fix, (flks) i>. t to iiiuke firm; 
fasten: settle ;— a fix able; 

. — «. fixed', immovable; se- 
cure;— w. fixed'ncjis, stabil- 
ity :— iM.flxa'tton .firm state ; 
fix ity. firm coherence. 

Fixture. ( fiks'tur ) » any- 
thing fixe«l or iniitiovable 

Fi^. fl 4rle,(fl z 1) r.u to make 
a nissmg sound:— ii- a fail- 
ure ; toultiiig ill nothing 

Flabby, (flubi) a yielding ; 
loose;—)! flabb'incss 

Flaccid; .flak'sid) a. weak: 
lax: soft :tr(^ flacciily ; »«. 
flnc'ridnes^ flac'cidity. 

Flag. (flag) r. i. or r. to be- 
come weak or droop : to 
grow languid or spiritless ; 
to lay with flags or flat 


by Google 

A short cut may be a very long 
way home. 

A slight deviation leads to a 
great error, — Chinese. 

A short prayer ascends to Hcar- 

en. — Spanish. [lock. 

A silver key can open an iron 

All is not gold that glitters. — Fr. 




stones ;— n. a plant ; • flat 
stone < colon or an ensiini 
that flics or flutters in tne 
wind; w.flag-4itaff^ handle 
to support a ti».z\jlag-«tone, 
flat pavement stone ; ftag'- 

K'ng, a side-walk ; act of 
ying it ;— a. languishing. 
Flagellate, (fiaj'el-ltt} v. t. to 
Whip ; to beat : to scourge : 
—ns. flag^Ui'tJon, a flogg- 
ing; flag'ellant, one who 
scourges himself or others. 
Flageolet, (flaj'o-Iet) n. flute. 
Flopgjr, (flag'n n. not stiff ; 
flexthle; weak; insipid; full 
of flag-root ; n. flagg'iness. 
Flagitious, (fla-jish'ns) a. vil- 
lainous ; guilty oi enor- 
mous crimes: ac/.flagi'tious- 
ly;"«. flngi'tiousnes!!, atro- 
cious wickedness; villainy. 
Flagon. (flug'un)N. a vessel 
^ with a 

a. ardent, 
glaring ;— 

M. fla'- 
grancy ; — 
od. flagrantlv. glaringly. 
Flail, (flal) n. two sticks tied 
t(^gether for threshing grain 
Flake, (flik) n. a vcrj- small 
kxtse mass, as of snow or 
wool : a stratum : a small 
part that flics off ;-- ». t. to 
form into flakes:— r.i. to 
separate into layers; to 
scale off : -- a. flak'y ;— n. 
flak'inesff, denoting layers 
Flambeau, flflmbeaux.(flam'- 
bd) n. a lighted 
torch; flame. 
Flame. (flAm) n. a 
bin re; heat; ar- 
dor; rage; vigor 
of thought; 
warmth of af- 
fection ; love;— 
r. i. to burn as 
flame : to break 
out m passion ; 
— a. flam ' mg, 
bright 1 red ; 
gaudy; vjolent; vehement; 
ail. flam'ingly. glaringly. 
Flamingo, (fla-ming-go) n. a 
tropical bird of bright red 
color, long legs and neck. 

Flammiferous, (flam-mif'ir- 

us) a. producing flame ;— 

af(if. flam'y. burning; red; 

flameless. without blaEe. 

Flange, ( flanj') tt. a raised 

edge on the rim of a wheel. 

Flank, (flangk) n. the side of 

the body or an army \—v.t. 

to attack or pass round 

the side of ;— r. t. to be 

posted on the side ; touch 

Flannel, (flan'el) n. a soft, 

loose. woUen cloth- 
Flap, (flap) n. a blow: • flag, 
or the tail of a coat, that 
flaps;— r. t. or i. to move as 
wings ; to strike lightly. 
Flare, (fl&r) v. t. to waver \ to 
burn unsteadily ; to be ex- 
posed to too much light; to 

spread outward ;— ». a glit- 
... . ligh?;- 

^ „ 1 display 

Flash, (flash) n. a sudden 

tering, unpleasant ligh. . 
o.flaring,inaktng a display 

burst of hgnt \ a quick ut- 
terance .as of wit or humor: 
■ short tran6icntstate;—r.t. 
to break forth, as a sudden 
light, or nieutal brilliancy; 
to burst out into violence. 

Flashy .(flash'i) a. showy; in- 
sipid \—ad. flashily. 

Flnsk. (flask) ». a bottle < a 
powder horn ; a mould. 

Flat, (flat) a. level: even: in- 
sipid ; positive :— «. a level 
fiiece of Ian d : a shoal i scinc- 
hing broad ; a story or 
floor of tk house ; mark of 
depression in music ;— m/. 
flatly, evenly; positively; 
plain-spoken;— n. flat'ness, 
evenness : lowness. 

Flatten, (flafen) v. t. or i. to 
beat or »row flat; a. flat'ted 

Flatter, (fliafcr) v. t. to praise 
falsely; to wheedle; soothe; 

8 lease with false hopes;— a. 
att'ering. deluding: prais- 
ing ; pleasing to pride and 
vanity ;— orf. flatt cringly ; 
—n. fl^att'crer ;— m. flattery, 
falsepraise; commendation 

Flatulence, ( flat'ii-Iens ) n. 
wind in the stomach ;— a. 
flat'ulent, empty; vain: af- 
fected with air m thestom 
ttch;—aci. flat'ulently. 

Flatus, (flatus) n. a puff of 
wind: air eenerated lu any 
cavity of the body. 

Flaunt, (flawnt) r. t. to dis- 

Ela}' ostentatiously orsauci- 
jx strut; fly or wave m the 

wind J— n. anything airy ; 
brag,— ri . ^a«itr'M{r,sho wy . 

Flavor, (fl&'vr)n. taete; scent 
or smell ; relish ; — v. t. to 
season ; — adjs. fla'vorous, 
pleasant; fla'vorless.msipid 

Flaw, (flaw) n a break: de- 
fect; fault; a sudden gust; 
—v.L to break: to injure;— 
adj«. flaw y, full ot cracks ; 
flawless, without defect. 

Flax, (flaks) n. fibrous plant 
of which linen is maile. 

Flaxen, (flaks'n) o. made of, 
or like flax : fair : flowing. 

Flay, (fla) v. t. to skin : whip. 

Flea, (fle) n. a small insect. 

Fleck, (flek) r. r. to spot; 
streak i variegate ; dapple. 

Fledge, (fledj) r. t. to furnish 
with feathers ; — w. fledg*- 
ling. bird just able to fly. 

Flee, (fle) v. i. to run away. 

Fleece, (fl€«) ». the coat of 
wool from a sheep:— r. /. to 
clip wool f .om : to cheat ; 
plunder ;— a. flcec'y. soft. 

Fleer.(fler) i'. ». to mock with 
a grin :— /i. mockery. 

Fleet (flet)a. swift; nimble ; 
transient; suDcrftcial:— n. 
• number of ships in com- 
pany: a navy ;— r. i. to pass 
swiftly; to flit:— a. fleeting, 
transiton*; brief: ad. fleet'- 
ly :— n. neet'ness* speed. 

Flesh, (flesh) n. softer solids 
of animals : aiiiinul food ; 
annuals or aiiimul nature; 
the body.notthe soul; man- 
kind: bodily appetites: the 
present life i kindred : the 
pulpy substance of fruit, 
or part fit to be eaten;— t'.f. 
to glut ; to use upon flesh, 
■s a sword, csp. for the first 
time;— <i. fleshly, carnat; 
gross ; worldly ; animal. 

Fleshy, (flesh'i)a. corpulent: 
fat ; pulpy ; nluinp ',—ud. 
flesh'ily :— M. flesh'iness ;— 
adj». fleshed', fut; satiated; 
flesh'less. lean u.jleth Mga. 

FIcxibihty, (fleks-i-bili-ti) 'i. 
pliancy; readiness or easi- 
ness to be persuaded. 

pnexible. ( fleks'i-bl ) flexile. 
(^flek8'il)<?.thnt maybe bent; 
ancile ; pliant ; — w. flcx'i- 
bleness ;—ad. flexibly. 

Flexion,( flek shun )n. tne act 
of bending: a fold; a turn. 

Flexor, (fleks'or) n. a n^uscU 
which bends a joxuu . 


by Google 

A single fact is worth a thousand 

A slice off a cut loaf is never 

missed. — Irish. 

A slight suspicion may destroy k 
good repute. — Damsh, 

A slip of the. tongue is worst, 
than that of the foot. 




FlexuouB.(flekt'Q-ut} a. vari- 
able; bending; windins 

Flexure, (fleks'ur) n. a bena- 
ins : form given ; a joint. 

Flicker. (rtik*cr) v. i. to flut- 
ter t to flap the wingiit to 
burn nnfttcadiljr, as a tlamet 
—<t. flick'ering, twinkling, 
as a light ur a star. 

FliKht. (flit) n. act of flying : 
flock of birda i a series of 
kteiw, a sally; an escape: an 
excursion of fancy, Ac. 

Flighty, (flit'i) a. wild ; fan- 
ciful: giddy; Tolitile:— orf. 
flighrfly;— *». flight'inesa. 

FhuiMr, ( flim'zil a. thm t 
slight ; weak ; limt>er. 

Flinch. ( flmsh ) v. i. to draw 
back ; shrink ; fail ;— a., n. 
fliiich'mg; ad. flineh'inglj 

Fling, (fling) v. t. and i. to 
cast from the hand : throw 
to the ground; scatter; up- 
braid, flounce; sneer;— m. 
a throw ; a gibe ; a sneer. 

Flint,(flint)n.very hard kind 
of stone, which will strike 
fire by friction ; anything 

Iiroverbialty hardia.flint'y. 
lard of heart ; not impres- 
sible; cruel ;— n. fimt'tness. 
Flip, (flip) N- a hot drink 
Flipnancy, (flip'an-si) n. vol- 
ubility or fluencyof speech; 
pertness : a. flipp'ant. pert; 
talkative i thoughtless ; — 
ml. flipp'antly, lightly. 
Flirt, (flirt) v. i. to play at 
courtship; coquet: act gid- 
dily, or so as to attract at- 
tention';— n. a pert, volatile 
Sri; ». fllrta'tioii.coqHCtry 
,(flit)r.t. to flutter; fly: 
rove ; migrate; vanish; bt 
unsteady or easily moved ; 
». ffl.Jttttntgn, wanderings. 
Fhtch.(fltch)ii.sideof bacon 
Float, (fl6t) n. something thnt 
swims, as a cork on a Ash- 
ing line; a raft:— f. ». to be 
buoyed up; to swim i—v. t. 
to cause to swim: to cover 
with water;— a. floatable, 
light; biioyatit;—*!. flrjaf 
ing, swimming; not fixed; 
circulating x-^ad. float'ing- 
ly : — 11$. floatage, things 
found floating on water ; 
flotsam, foods lout by ship- 
wreck, and found floating 
on the sea; Jlo'tilta, a fleet. 
Flock, (flok)n. a collection of 
small anintaU; a ktck of 

wool ; a Christun denomi- 
nation :— 1». t. to gather m 
a crowd : to assemble :— a. 
flocc*<)se,flock*y .abounding 
with flocks or locks; flocc- 
ulent, adhering in flakes. 

Floe, (flo) «. floating ice. 

Flog, (flog) I', t to whip ; to 
chastise :— n. flogging. 

FUkkI. (Audi n. flow of the 
tide, deluge: inundatiuu ; 
— r. f. to overflow ; — n*. 
jitwfl'gnte. stop or vent of 
a dam : Jig a relief for pu- 
v\om JJoiid'ing, utenne he- 
inorrhiise : land irrigation. 

Floor. (flOrKw. the bottom of 
a room : platform: story ,— 
r /. to lay with a floor :— ». 
floor'ing, a flwr. or mn- 
teriiils for it :— a /foo/T*/', 
furnished with a floor : de- 
feated in an argu:ncnt : 
overthrown in any nusiness 

Flora, (flora) n. the goddess 
of flowers; the plants of a 
Particular country ; — a. 
Jlo'rnI, relating to flowers 
or Flora : — n ■ Jlore$c'en9e, 
the season of flowering. 

Floriculture. ( fldri-kul-tQr ) 
N. the culture of flowers or 
plants;— a- floricul'turnl :— 
n*. flonst or floncul'turist. 
one who cultivates flowers 

Florid. ( florid ) a. flushed 
with red: showy: contain- 
ing flowers of rhetoric or 
lively figures: richly orna- 
mental ;— a</. flor'ialy :— «. 
flor'idness, color; style. 

Floss.(flos) n. down ; ravelled 
or floss-silk:— a. floaa'y. 

Flounce, ( flouns ) r. i. to 
plunge and struggle . as in 
water, or do anything with 
noise and bluster; totnni 
with flounces ;— n. a ruflle 
to the skirt df a dress : a 
bounce or exit from a room 

.Flounder, (floun'der) v i. to 
stnigjfle with violent mo- 
tion :— n. a small flat flsh. 

Flour, (flour) n. fine part of 
grain sift en or Ixilled:— r.<. 
to sprinkle with flour;— n. 
Jloiir' ing • mill, anpnrntus 
and power to grind flour 

Flouruh. (fliir'ith) v. i. or t. 
togniw luxuriantly'; to be 
proKpe.'-ous ; to use copious 
and flowery language ; em- 
bellish with the pen ; to 
brandish ;— n. a parade of 

words ; a bold stroke in 
writing I a sound of trum- 
pets; musical prelude; the 
wavint; of a whip, &c.;— o 
^ourishiH;/, prosperous. 

Flout, rflout) r. i.ori to treat 
with contt'inpt ; mock:— h. 
contemptuous fling ; jeer 

Flow, (flo) v.i. to move as a 
liouid or air: to ri»e. as the 
tide : to hang \ctmt and 
waving : tts proceed mr U- 
sue ;— M. a stream ; plenty ; 
setting in of the tidr ; c«>- 
niousncus: freecxpreK»ion. 

Flower, (flow'er) «. blossoni 
of a plant; the best of any- 
thing: the ptinie of life ; a 
fleiire of speech :— »•. / to 
bUiesoni forth ;—n flow'er 
ing;— r. f. toeinh*>lli8h:— «. 
flowery, florid in diction ; 
embellished with figures. 

Flowiiut. (fld'nip) n. moving 
as a ffiiul ; fluent : smooth: 
waving!— a'/ flow'ingly 

Fluctuate. (fluk'tO-it) i- i to 
waver : to riite and fall : to 
rollhithor and thither; to 
be irresolute :—n. flurtua* 
tion. unsteadiness i down. 

Flue, (floo) H. a chimney or 
pipe for air or smoke. 

Fluent, (flooent) a. ultenng 
word* with ease j voluble ; 
—ad. fluently: u. flu'ency. 

Fluid, (floo'id) a. that flows, 
as water : liqnid i snseotu: 
—II. a liquid ;— n. nuid'ity. 

Fluke, (flook)n. the part of 
an anchor which fastens in 
the ground ; a flounder. 

Flume, (Room) Jt. a channel 
for water to drivj ■ wheel. 

Flummery, (fluiu'er-i) n. an 
artd jelly ; anything in- 
sipid ; empty compliment 

Flunky, (flunjg'ki)n.amean. 
cringing fellow ; a servant. 

Fluor, (floo-or) n. a beautiful 
mineral, often crystallixed, 
usually called Jfuof'tpar, 

Flurry, (flur'i) ». a sudden 
bla»t; a breeze : agitation : 
buKtIe:— r. t. to excite. 

Flusli, (flush) a. fresh: full of 
vigor ; abounding ; havuig 
the surface level ;— h. flow 
ot blood to the face; bloom: 
abundance : — »•. i. or /. to 
redden suddenly i elate. 

Fluster, (fluster) r. t. to con- 
fuse :—w. hurry ; heat. 

Flute, (flodt) n. a musical in- 


by Google 

A small hatchet fells a great oak. 
— Portuguese. 

A small house, well filled, is bet- 
ter than an empty palace. 

A Bhigg^d takes an hundred 
steps because he would not 
take one in due time. 

A watched pan is long in boiling. 




BtruiiK'nt : B channel, ns on 
ft pillar nr m a rufHe. ctlled 
also JIufing ;— r. t. to fonn 
flutes or nollowa in :— n. 
flut'cr, ft fluting machine. 

Flutter, (flut'er) v. i. U> flap 
the win);* mpidly: vibrate; 
to be in agitation or uncer- 
taintv ;— n. excitement. 

FluvinU (fliVvi-al> a of, or 
ftrowiMj; in a nver 

Flux. (fluk»; ft. a flowing; 
quick sucfessiou, a flow of 
matter , dytemery ; a rise 
of the tide : a concnurte 

Fluxation. (fluk^-iShuu) n. 
act of passing away and 
eivuiR place t<» another 

Frixlon.(fluk'shun)>i. a flow- 
ing : t'/- in iMtit/i , auoiysiB 
of minute quanlitiek. 

Fly. (fli) r. i. to move with 
the wings : move rapidly : 
to shun: to floe:— r. t. to 
CftiiM* to fly. a« a kite ; to 
avoid;— n. a winged tn«ect. 
B« the ho-.ise-fly ; a fi»h- 
hook dressed in imitation 
of a fly : a light carnage ; 
—Mf.Jfffbloie. eggs of a rtv; 
flu-leaK blank le»f at the 
be^inniiijgorendof ahook: 
Jtir-wherl, a regulator of 
machinery ;— «. fly'blown. 

Foal. (fOl) R. a colt : a filly i 
the younc of a mare ;— 1». 
I. or i. to Brine forth a colt. 

Foam, (fom) r. t. to froth ; to 
be in a rage ;— «. bubbles 
which rise on liquors; rage; 
—a. foam'y. frothy x—ad. 
foam'ingly ;— a. foam'less. 

Fob. (fob) «. a small watch- 
pocket;— r. t. to defraud. 

Focus, (tokus) n. the point 
where rays of light meet 
■fter reflection or refrac- 
tion, and cause great heat, 
any central point :—pl. fo'- 
ci. (fft'si'): a. fo'cal. central. 

Fodiler. (ftnl'er) n. food for 
cottle :— r. t. to feed cattle, 
oe. (f6i n. an eocmy ; an 
adversary j an ill-wisher. 

Fojg, (fog) n. a tliick vapor 
from land or water ;— «. 
'oMfy, haxy ; wet ; cloud- 
ed m mind;— n. fogs'! n ess. 

Fogy, (tii'ffl) H. a stickler for 
old thfngs ; one opposed to 
progress, called old fog]/. 

Foiblc.(f(H'bI)n. a weakness; 
apecuHnrity; a fault. 

Foil, (foil) V. t. to defeat: 

frustrate ; puzile <— n. de- 
feat: a blunt swordt ft thin 
leaf of metal, at tin-foil ; 
anvthing that serves to act 
off aomethmg else. 

Foist, (foistj f. /. to insert 
wrongfully : to pass off aa 
genuine: to force upon an- 
other person :— /i loist'er. 

Fold, (fold) n. a doubling t 
that which enfolds i the 

iiiace where t>heep are 
loused : flock of sheep , a 
Christian flock ; — r / to 
double over: enclose: shut. 

Folder, (fpld'er) n. ivory or 
bone blade to fold paper 

Folinceoufl. (fd-li-i'shut) a. 
leafy or with laiiiinie. 

Foliage.(fOli-aj)ii. lcaves.*c. 

Foliate, (fo'h-it) r.i to cover 
with leaf metal ;— ci. fo' 
bat^d. m nun consisting of 
plates or thin layers ; Icifv., 

beating into plates ; leaf, 
leafing of plants x—a. fo- 
I irerous. producing leaves. 

Folio. (f6'li-d) n. a book of 
two leaves to a sheet ; a 
book of such sheets: a page 
m an account book ;—/>/. 
folios, p^gcs; in law papers, 
each 1(X) words numbered 
on the margin ;— a. deuot* 
ingpaperonly on?e folded; 
— /i.folio-pofit. a writing p*- 
per, measuring 17 by 2-i m. 

Foliolc. (fo-ii-dl) n m Lot., a 
single leaflet of a com- 
pound leaf ; — a. ffi'lious. 
hnving leaves mixed with 
the flowers : thin : fading. 

Folk, rfok) II. pi. folks : cer- 
tain people: the people. 

Follicle, (fol i-kl) ii. a httle 
btig ; cavity ; a seed vessel. 

Follow, (^fol 6)1'. t to go after 
or behind: pursue: imitate; 
— r. I. to result from ;— «. 
folldwcr. copier: lover, du- 
ciple :— «. j'olhtvUig, ad 
herents :— a. subisequent. 

Folly, (tol'li) n. absurd ac- 
tion ; weakness of mind 

Foment, (to'inent) v. t. to 
apply warm lotions ; to en- 
courage ; to excite disturb- 
ance ; — ns fonient'er, fo- 
mcnta'tion. a hot lotion 

Fond.(fond) a. foolishly ten- 
der and loving ; weakly* in- 
dulgent;. Zona p/*, relishing: 
€ul. fond'ly :— u. fond'ness. 

Fondle, (fon'dl) v. t. or t. to 

doat on : to rarest ; — n». 

fond'ler ; fond liog, ft pet 
Font, (font) m. a, huntiunal 

bftsin : fl , 


ment of 

ft. that 
W h i c k 
m e n t L 
-a. food'leso, barren, ^c- 

Fool, (fool) N. one dfstitute 
of reason , an idiot ; a {es- 
ter: a stupid or wicked per- 
aon I— 1*. I or I. to disap- 
point: impoM ou : to play 
tricks;totrifle:— It foolery, 
habitual folly i absurdity 

Foolish, (foolish) a. silly; 
weak in understanding . 
ndiciilous : indiscreet t — 
ad fool'i«hly i— »i. foolinh 
ness : — tis Jbort-rrrand. 
search for what cannot be 
found : J'oolhat-dff, rash 

Fo«ilsc>ip. (toolx'kap) n folio 
paper. M^ x 1«X- 

Foot, (loot) ft. that on which 
a thing standn : thv bottimi 
of the leg: 12 inches: meas- 
ure m poetry ; infantry ;— 
p/.fect:— I". I. or/, todance; 
walk : tread, spurn: kick : 
— n. fo<»t iug. foundation : 
standing in society, or the 
capacity in which one acts: 
position t steps ; dance ;— 
a. foot'less. having no feet. 
—ns. foor-futd, a nixhw:iy 
man or robl>cr who fre- 
quents public roads ; foof- 
patb. track -joot'-pwuienger^ 
one who travels on f oot i 
jbot'titarl; a track; foot- 
note, remarks at bottom of 
page; foot' man, runner; 
foot-rot. ulcer m sheep 

Footstep, (foot step) n. trace 
of a course pursued: track; 
—pt course : example 

Fop. ( fop ) M. an affected 
dandy,— «. lopp'ish. vain ; 
gaudy ; — n. foppery, af- 
fectation ill manners;— at/, 
fopp whly:— «. foppishness 

For. (for) jtrep. or con. be- 
cause of; in place of ; for 
the sake of ; in Quest of ; 
In the direction of ; on acr 


by Google 

-A wager is a fool's argument. 
A smooth river washes away its 
banks. — Servian. [ship. 

A small leak will sink a great 

A snake lies hidden in the grass, 
A smooth sea never made a skill- 
ful mariner. [fire. 
-A spat k neglected makes a mighty 




count of ; with rcvpectto; 
in opiiottition to t in recoin* 
pcuKC uf ; beueacial to i 
(lurin;;< on this account; 
becauKe ; of j'oi\ oa iar aa 
conceriiJt ;— co/i., utt. foras- 
much'. Mince i conKideriusr. 

ForftRe, (foi'Ai) i*. food for 
honea or cattle; provibionK; 
— r. I. to seek ; father food. 

Foray, (16'rft) n. a audden 
WHrlike incursion. 

Forbear, (for'bar^ v. i. or t. to 
ceaae; abstain; delay; Ktop; 
avoid voluntarily ; apare ; 
withhold;— a. forbearing;, 
patient; lonj^-euffenng ;— 
n. forbear'ance, patience ; 
command of temper. 

Forbid, (lor-bid') r. t. to in- 
terdict : to prohibit. 

Forbiddin;;, (for-biding) a. 
repulNive ; rauin;; diatiilce ; 
unpleaiiant:— a.Iorbidd'en, 
protiibited ; unlawful. 

Force, (fors) n. atrent^th ; ac> 
live power; violence; mor- 
al power ; validity ; com- 
puNion ; efHcncy ; an ar- 
mament; a./otTerr, unnat- 
ural ; Joi-rc'/ul, vehement; 
— r. I. t4i compel ; ravuh ; 
in /lort., tocauMe to Kiowor 
npen rapidly;— «. iorc'in^j. 

Fot'cepa, (forceps; «. a pair 
of pincers for Kraaping. 

Forciole, (fors'i-ol) a. power- 
ful ; active ; impetuous ; 
elBcadoas; impreiwivc; ad. 
forc'ibly;— «. forc'ibleneas. 

Ford, (fbrd) n. a place where 
water can be crossed on 
foot :— r. /. to pans by wad- 
iojt ?— a. ford'able, tinoal. 

Fore.f f6r) a.coming first; ad- 
vanced in position i—ntl. nt 
the front ; in the first part. 

Forearm, (fftr-arm') v. t. to 
arm beforehand ; prepare 
for emerceiicies t — u. the 
part of the arm between 
the elbow and the wrint. 

Forebode, ( fdr'bdd ) v. t. to 
fear or tell beforehand i to 
feel a secret sense of M)me- 
thing future, espocuilly of 
evil ; — n . foreboil'injf, an 
indefinable fear ; presage. 

Forecast. (f<\r-knHt') r. t. or i. 
to plan beforehand ; pro- 
vide a'^inst I foresee ;— n. 
fOre'cast. previHion. 

Forecastle. (f6r1cas-l) n. the 
fort part of a ship. 

Foreclose, (fdr-klO^) v. t. to 
shut ; stop ; preclude ; to 
sell inortuaj^cd piopcrty by 
law ;—M. lore closure. 

Foredoom, (f d.-duoin') v. t. to 
condemn ; predeiitiuate. 

Forefather,(i6r'farthcr> n. an 
aucehtor ;—/»/. fore'f atheia, 
former KoneratiouK. 

Forcleiid, (fOr-fend') v. t. to 
ward oit; prevent; hinder. 

Foretrout, (to. 'front) n. the 
foremost part or front. 

Fore;;o, (fftr-go.) r. t. to for- 
bear to puttMCMK ; sive up. 

Foregoing, (f6r-Ku'intf) tt. 
p'-eceding; antecedent. 

ForcKoue, (fbr-jion') a. set- 
tled beforehand, as a fort- 
gone concluaum, fixed. 

Forejfntund, (16 -'((round) n. 
the space lyin^ b^ore the 
figures in a picture. 

Forehanded, (t6r'hand-ed) a. 
early ; timely ; well off. 

Forehead, 'for'hed) m. upper 
p-irt of the face ; brow . 

Foreign, (for'in) a. not ap- 
propriafe i remote ; from 
abroad; II. forei;;n'er, alien. 

Forejudge. (f6r-juj') v. 1. Xo 
judge without proofs. 

Foreknow, (fo --nb ) v. i. to 
know before; to foresee ;— 
M. lorekiiowl 'edge, fore- 
sight of future events ;— a. 
and pp. foreknown'. 

Forelock, (lAr'lok) n. a lock 
of hair on the forehead ;— 
fiq. " iake time by the Joit- 
Iftrl;'" undertake any busi- 
nesN early or in season. 

Foreman, ( f6r'man ) n. the 
chief man of a jury ; an 
ovei-seer;— ;rf. fore'men. 

ForomnKt, (fdr'mant) ii. mast 
next the how of a ship. 

Foremen tioncd, ( fOr-men'- 
shund) a. named betore in 
a writing o' dmcoui-se. 

Foremost. (fdr'md">t) a. first. 

Forenoon, (fAr'noon) ii. first 
half of the d.-iy ; A M. 

Forensic. (f5-ren'sik) o rela- 
ting to or uHed in cnurta. 

Foreordain, f fftror-dan') v. t. 
to predetermme: to predes- 
tinate ;— II. foreordinn'tion. 

Forcnart.(f dr'part) u. the part 
before the re^t ; first. 

Forerun, (fbr-run') i?. i. to go 
before; to precede; w. /b»-e'- 
numtr, one sent before ; 
sign of aoinethmg to follow 

Foresee. ( f dr'si ) v. t. [ tv- 
forcheeii] to see or know 
beforehand ; divine. 

Foi-e8hadow,(fdr-shad'6^ v.t. 
to indicate or typify. 

Fore»liortcn. (f6r-<ihorf n) v. 
t. lu a picture, to represent 
the idtortenei/ appearance of 
an object projecting for- 
ward ;—». forehhort'ening 

Foreshow,(fdr-Kh5') v. t. \ t/p. 
foreshown 1 to indicate M- 
forehand; to ioietell. 

Foresight, (for'sit) ii. a seeing 
beforehand ; prudence. 

Forest, (lor'est^n. an exten- 
sive wood ; a wilderness : 
wild land :— <i. sylvan ; rus- 
tic;— >i. lor ester, woodman. 

Forestall, (fbr-tstflwl') v. t. to 
buy ahead of the market; 
tu anticipate: to duplant. 

Foret:iste. (fdr'tAst) m. an in- 
cident which giveh one an 
idea of what is to come. 

Foretell, (for-tel'; v. t. to 
proMliesy or predict. 

Forethought, (fOr'thawt> n. 

Sreviuu« thouKlit ; provi- 
ent care; thouglitfulnesa. 

Foretoken, (fo -l&'kn) p. t. to 
signity beforehand t —n. 
token or sign in advance. 

Foretop. (fOr'top) h. a plat- 
form near the foremast! 
hair above the forehead. 

Forever, (for-ev'er) tw/.at all 
times; to eternity; always. 

caution beforehand i — a. 
forewarn 'ing, a sign. 

Forfeit, (for'fit) v. i to lose 
bv an oil'encc ; to lose all 
right to ;— a. liable to seiz- 
ure:— ti. what is lost: fine; 
a penalty ; something de- 
posited and redeemable ;— 
n. for'feitable. subiect to 
forfeiture ; — n. forfeiture, 
alienation : the thing lot^t. 

For/e, ( ff%r] ) n. « furnace 

where Iron is hearten into 
form I — ». t. to form by 


by Google 

A soft answer turneth away 
wrath, but grievous words stir 
up anger. — Proverbs, 15, i. 

A short horse is soon curried, (t . 

/., a small husmess is casX/ 
cared for; a little work, duty, 
etc., is soon done). 
A true friend is another self. 




Uaimneriu^; to counterieit; 
make ftUbel/ \—ppr. or n. 
forxriit^.as ii'on, ur a nams 
or a puc9 of money ;— >w. 

J'orrfer^ vue who fuiuui or 
faUi2e»r fwf^trw^ act of 
couuterfeiiui)( nu>ney» a 
writiu|r ur « h^iature. 

Forget, (for-coOr. f. to lose 
tlteremctnbniuceof; iliglit; 
ni'^cct ',—.t. lorjjet'iul, apt 
tolorgct: iiMntteutivo^-oi/. 
f o-i^cT ^ol^ ;— MJf.forget'f ul- 
ucM*. iicKii^nince: bait mem- 
ory ; forsi^fcr,one wlio for- 
get* ;—«. Foi'fjet-iue-tiot, a 
■inalk herb with beautiful 
blue flowers ; a keep«akc. 

Forgive. (for-{»iv'> r. t. to far- 
dou f rcnUt ;— a. f orgiv'mg, 
pardoning: merciful; coin- 
poMiouate- j — «- foipve'- 
nc>iS,j»ardoiv t rcmissiun. 

Fork, ilork> r. i. or l.tonhoot 
intoarunchesor blade« i to 
<Ii vkle : to pitch vitli ii fork ; 
— a, forked', divided into 
brunche* or prougx. n* a 
roa:U a tree, a fork. etc. ;— n. 
au itiittriiiucntwitupi-ongs: 
iu pf. tae b-anciie» into 
vhicl) a i9<d or viver Ui- 
videi!» also the point of iep> 
aratiun ;— rr-fork'y' 

Foilonu (fo--lom') «. for- 
sikeut wretched: helpIcM. 

Fom^ ( form \ », uiauaer ; 
»hapc: Biodel; order; show; 
pagcitof ty pel a longbeueh ; 
a cliM : — 1\ t. to make ; to 
adopt an opinion ; coiiibine ; 
CO to nuke up;— fi. form'- 
w»*, rhaotic t Khapeleea. 

Ko -mal, ( fornral > a. liaving 
thefi»m»onIy t stiff; cere- 
Mionio'i!*:t'Xtcrnal; proper; 
—.«'/. fomVany;— M*form'- 
Bli>t,foini>'.ili»n», restin^on 
mere extcriwUt f ormnl'ity , 
ohHorv;inoe of fonns and 
cereinome*; pi-eciaeaess. 

Fo-nwtio»i, (fo.--!n4-«hun) n. 
n«'t of forming; creation f 
prod iiction ; strata x—n.for'- 
I iitnth'f^ ulaMtie ; t>hnpin^. 

Former. (fonn'er>N.enewho 
ni«kc»:—rt.tir»t mentioned ; 
preeetfing; earlier: pflst ; tut. 
for'merir. heretirf ore. 

FomridBbre, (for'im-da-bl>«. 
can«Hn)( fear; dread fnl ; \vn- 
po«ing x—<iiL foi'mitlably ; 
— /i. for'midableneM. 

Formula. (form'fl-Ia) n. pre- 

•cribcd fonn; routine of 
doctriuca ; a geueral cx- 

{>re)»»iun for solving pn>b- 
c!u» { symboU expressing 
Che cl;cmical compounds 
of a body ;—></. fofm'ula ;— 
it.ybri7rN/ar//.book of lormit 
or precedents;— a. ritual;— 
r.f.forluufcte, put in form. 

Fomicate-d /foKn i-k &t-ed)a. 
arclieJ; (6o/.^archiug over. 

Fomicitirtn, (,tor-a»>kasluin) 
H. r.ieontrnence ef vnmnr- 
ried persiius ;— «. for'nica- 
tur. a lew^person ; rake. 

Forsake, ( for-aik' > r. r. to 
quit entirely ; abandon. 

Forsootli, (for-sooth) ud. iu 
Tcry truth ; certainly. 

Fo: swear, <for-Bw4r'> r. f. or 
». toikny or renounce upon 
oath; to swear falsely. 

Fort. <f«lrt; ». a fortreta or 
ca»tle; — n. foi'te, n strong 
point I thrit in which one 
excels ,—arf. in rj/oiac, (f of- 
ta). londlv ; with force. 

Forth. (fOrih) ml. Jorward ; 
abruiid : OMwai-d in time; 
—a. itirtli'comiog. aboiit to 
appear; — ad. lorth'with,. 
iuunediatcly ; directlv. 

FortiQcatiou. ( f or-tMl-ki ' - 
shun) a. works for defence; 
— I', f. foKtify, strengthen 
with fcHrts; inv^rate: con- 
firm ;—«. for'trcssv safety. 

Fortitude, (for'ti4ud) n. firm- 
ilcss of mlitd which enables 
one to neet danger or en- 
dure pain resolutely. 

Fortnight, (forfnlt; n. the 
vpoct of two weeks. 

Fortuitourt, (l'or-tu'i-tu«> «. 
depending noon rmxes un- 
knowo: arciaentnl; casual; 
— ad. fortu'itously ; — ns. 
fortuitousness, fortuity. 

Fortunate, (for'tu-nat> n. 
lucky ; successful : — ad. 
for'tunatcly ; — ». for ' tu- 
natenesH:— n. /«•'/«»? .arbi- 
traryordering of events; tot 
thotfalUtnone In life; suc- 
cess ,' wealth; luek. 

Forum, (fo^rtim) a. a court of 
justice : a tribunal. 

Forward, <for'ward) a. being 
before ; ready ; too ready r 
presumptuous ; immodest ; 
early ripe;— a^/.for'wanfly; 
n. for'wardnesn. eagerness; 
boldness;— r.> advances 
to promote:— n. forwarder. 

Fossil, (fos'sil^ n. aB(| a. re- 
mains of pbnts and ani- 
mals dug out of the strata of 
the earth in a petrified state ; 
— V. t. or t. fos'silize. to con- 
Tcrt. or be ehanged into a 
stony state: n.f osfiiliza'tiou. 

Fo:.ter, (fos'ter) v. /. to nurse; 
feed ; incite ; cherish ;— m». 
fos'ter-brother, one nursed 
witb another of different 
parents : foA'ter-diild, one 
adopted by strangers. 

Fout (foul) m. dirty ; loath- 
some ; profane ; impure ; 
stormy » unfair ; runninc 
agninst ; entangled : — aa. 
fooHy; u. foulness; v.<. to 
make filthy ; to soil \—v. i. 
to come into collision ;— a. 
foul-mouthed', addicted to 
the use of bid lanj^uage. 

Found. (fouiMl>prrf. mid pp. 
of Find ;— r. t. to form or 
east by nieltius and pour- 
ing into a MMturd ; to estab- 
h'sh an institution, busi- 
ness, cmj)irc. etc. : — jm. 
found'er, the maker or be- 
ginner of anything; 
founda'tion, act of found- 
ing ; a permanent fund for 
the r«pport of a c«>llege, 
etc.; the baseof a building; 
groundwork ; ;pl.iusibilfty. 

Founder, (found'er; v. i.ort. 
to fin ond sink. (^ a ship; 
to make lame, as a horse. 

Founder}', (found'er-i) /i. a 
place for easting metals. 

Foundliiii^, (fonnd'iing) n. 
a child found deserted. 


a nver ; 
a jet; 
of any- 

( f «r'- 
fold) a. 

times at 

four tunes ; ^ , 
footed, ouadruped ; any- 
thing with four feet; fow- 
mpnrrc, having four equal 
•tdes ; a./oMr'*c<»re,(sk6ri 80 

Fowl, CfowlJ n. creature that 
flies ; poultry; cock or hen. 

Fowler, (fowrer) n. spoits- 
man; N. fowl'ing-piece.gua 


by Google 

A spirit dwells within each flow- 
er.— Swin. 

A spot is most seen upon the 
finest cloth, — Spanish. 

A story loses nothing in the car- 

A straight line is the shortest in 
morals as in geometry. 




Fox, (foks) n. a species of 
dojp noted for cunning; ; a 
cunning fellow ; — a. fox'y, 
wilftiu imiMtmg, too much 
of a rsddish brawn color. 

Foxglove, (foks'giuv) n. a 
bicnnU*.! pbut v?ith clovo- 
like flowers whose leaves 
are a sootliing incdiciae. 

Fmsas, (fni-ki ) n. a brawl. 

Fi-aution, ( frak'shuu ) u. a 
brokoji part ; division of a 
whole number;— <T. frac'- 
tion:il,containing fractions. 

Fi-nc'tioas,(frak>hus) a. apt 
to quarrel ; cross; unruly, 
as ft beast i—u'l. frac'tious- 
ly :— ;i. fr<ic'tiouune.<:8. 

Fructure, Tfrak'tar) n. a 
breach oi nayhard body ; 
— r. I. to break, as a bone ; 
— r. fractured, broken. 

Frugilo, ( f rni'il ; a. easily 
bro'ccn : brittk? ; delicate ; 
frail ;— ;». f ragil'ity, frailty. 

Fi-asnieut, (frog'snent) ». a 
pieco broken off; untin- 
islied portion x—adjs. frag- 
mcu'tary, frngiucnt'al. 

Fragrant .(f ra'srant) a.sweet- 
«m'.«Uin.^ ; delicious ; — ad. 
fra'gr.uitly;— «. fra'grance, 
perfume ; sweet iniluence. 

FraiL,(fra.)a. weak; li.iblet» 
error; ii-,esoi«te;—«ji.f r:\ii'- 
ness, frailty, inflnnity s 
foible ;--p/. frail'ties, faiuta 

Frame, Cirani) v. «. to con- 
struct bv fitting the p^rti* to 
each other ; form ; shape ; 

6 Ian ; constitute ; to put a 
order or rim on •,—». fab- 
ric ; order ; timbers of an 
ediHce; the skeleton: state 
of mind ;— n. frame- work, 
the outline of anything. 

Franc, (frunsk) «. 21 t-ents. 

Franchise, (fran'chiz) n. a 
piivilegc; immunity. 

Frangible, (fran'ji-bl) a. li- 
able to break; easily bro- 
ken ;— M. lran;!:ibirity. 

Frank,f f nmgk) a. open ; can- 
did ; ingenuous ;— 1». t. to 
send free of expense:— <ie/. 
frank'ly ;— «. frank'netis. 

Frankincense, (frung:k'in- 
aena) ii. a re^^inous oil. 

Frantic, (fran'tik) a. furious 
thix>-igh excitement ; wild; 
— m/. fran'tiely. madly. 

Frate nal, (f ra-ter'nal) «i. be- 
comin? bntthei-H ; broth- 
erly:— h'/. fratcr'nally. 

Fraternity, ( f ra-tcr'ni-ti ) n 
brothcruoud; a society. 

Fraternize, ^frat'ei'^uiz) v. i. 
to unite lUi urothers; to join 
harniunioukly; v. t. innuce 
to agree; n. fruterniza'tion. 

Fratricide, (fnit'ri-sid) m. tlie 
murder or murderer of a 
brother ;— ou/. f rat'ricidal. 

Fraud, (frawd) «. impobturc; 
deceptive tricky— o. fraud'- 
uleut.trickiiih \—cuJ. f raud'- 
ulcutly ;— «. f raud'ulence, 
dishonesty ;^H!achery. 

Fraught, (f rawx) a. filled. 

Fray, (f ri) n. a qiiarrcl, &C.;— 
V. t. to wear off by rubbing. 

Freak, (frek) n. a sudden 
fancy ; s|X)rt ;— a. freak'- 
ish. capricious ; cuL freak'- 
ishiy ;— a. frealc'ishnesx. 

Freckle, (f rek'l) m. a spot on 
theskiu; any small spot.— 
V. t. to color with spots ;— 
a. f reck'ly, full pf freckles. 

Free, (f re) a. at liberty ; n<H 
bound or opuressed; guilt- 
less ; frank; lavish t not at- 
tached ; gratuitous ; idio- 
matic, as a translation ;— m. 
f ree'ness;— arf. free'ly, lib- 
erally :— r. U to release. 

Freebooter, (f re'lwot-er) m. a 
rubber ; a plunderer. 

Frecdman, (^fr^d'mun) n. a 
negro freed from slavery. 

Freedom, (fre'dum) n. ex- 
emption from the control 
of another : bold familiar- 
ity; separation; liberty. 

Freehold, (fre'hold) n. land 
held in fee simple ; — n. 
f ree'holder, owner of land. 

Freeman, (f re man) ». one 
who enjoys liberty, or is 
entitled to the privileges of 
cilizenshipj— y>i. free'men. 

Freemason, ( f rc'mi'sn ) »i. 
member of a society ex- 
isting in all civilixed lands, 
having for its object mu- 
tual assistance and social 
intci-coursc ; — »*. f reema'- 
sonry.mosonic inrtitutionsi 
secret understanding. 

Free-school, (fre-skool) n. a 
school sup|K>rted by taxes. 

Freestonc,(ti-e'stOn) }t.a stone 
composed of sand or grit ; 
any stone that cuts freely. 

Free-thinker, (fre'thingk'er) 
M. di!«bclieverin religion. 

Free-will, (fre-wil') »». power 
of acting at pleasure. , 

Freeze, (frex) r. /. or i. to be 
congealed by cold; to cliill; 
to shake, as with terror. 

Freight, (f rat) H. ladinr of a 
ship ;— r. t. to load, «c. 

French,(frcnsh)a. belonging 
to France;— 11. Fr. language 

Frenzy, (fren'zi) n. distrac- 
tion of mind; madness. 

Fre^iuent, ( f re ' kwcut ) «. 
often dune or occurring ;— 
oc/.f re'quently, repeatedly; 
— u. fre'quency, common- 
ness J— r. /. friquenf , visit 
often \—u*. f requent'ec, one 
who goes often to a place ; 
frcqucnta'tion, resort. 

Fresco,(fre8'kd) n. a painting 
on fresh plaster;— r. t. to 
paint in relief on walls. 

Fresh, (fresh) a. cool : new ; 
brisk ; untried ; having re- 
newed vigor; healthy; not 
salt J — ad. f ret h'ly ; — n. 
f resh'ness ;— t'. t. f reah'en, 
to take the saltness from ; 
to revive;- 1?. i. to grow 
fresh, brisk, or htrong. 

Freshet, (frcsh'et) n. flood in 
rivers or on low lands from 
rain or melted snow. 

Freshman. ( fresh'man ) N. 
one of the younger claM. 

Fret, (fret) v. t. or i. to irri- 
tate ; to wear away by rub- 
bing; to be peevish; to cor- 
rode;— n. agitation of the 
surface of a litjuid ; irrita- 
tion of mind ; lU-hunior. 

Fretful. Cfret'f ul) a. peevish; 
irritable ; — arf. fret'fuUy, 
crossly ; — n$. fret/ul»es$^ 
freU'uig, {teevishness ; — a. 
wearing out ; vexing. 

Fretwork, (fret'wurk) a. 
raised work ; variegation. 

Friable, (In'a-bl).a. easily re- 
duced to powder;— MS. fri'- 
ableness, friability. 

Friar, (fri-ar) n. a monk. 

Fribble, (fiib'l) r. *. to t.iflc ; 
— «. a trifler ;— n. f ritolons. 

Fricassee, ( f rik-as-sc' ) n. a 
dish made of fowls cut into 

Sioces and fried ;— i'. I. to 
rc!»s as a fricassee. 

Friction,(frik'shun) »i. a rub- 
bing; attrition:— >i.p/./nc- 
tion-ieheeh, rolling wlieels. 

Friend, (f-end) «. a iwrson 
attached t.> another; Quak- 
er;— a. frmul'les*, forlorn. 

Friendly, (frend'li) «. kind ; 
favorable: — (i.fAcndliuMs. 


by Google 

A stupid question needs no an- 
swer. — Tamil. 

A sunny temper gilds the edge d 
life's blackest cloud. 

A suppression of the tnith is th^ 
suggestion of a falsehood. 

A thimbleful of honey will catch 
more flies than a gallon of gall. 




Friendship, (fread'ship) n. 
■ffectioa ; attachment. 

Friexe, (fr€s) «. the iiap on 
coaive wooileo cloth,; part 
of an entablature of a col- 
umn between the archi- 
trave and cornice. 

Frigite. (frig'iil) h axhip. 

Frisht.(fnt>n.ttuU<]en terror; 
pMuic;— r. L toaluruii — v.t. 
iriKht'en, to tcniiy i deter. 

Frisbtful, (f rirful) a. excit- 
ing terror ; shocking :—atl. 
frightfully, dreadfully i- 
n. f right'f ulaeuM, terror. 

Frifid. (frijid) a. cold: dull; 
iuaeniiible i—atl. f rig^idly ; 
—itf. frtj^idneaa, frigidity, 
coldness; dulloeatt; torpor. 

Frill, (fril) N. an edging or 
ruffle ; — v. i. to ruirle, aa a 
tkirerhig hii-d its feathem ; 
—v.t. to f nmifih with a frill. 

Fringe, (frinj) n. a kind of 
trimming : the extremity ; 
— ». t. to adom with fringe. 

Friopcry, ( f rip'er-i ) n. old 
clothe* : UHeless trifles. 

FriHk, (f risk) v. i. to leap ; to 
dence ; to be lively. 

Frisket, ( fiisk'et ) n. a lieht 
frame on printing presses. 

FriKkiiicBs, ( frisk'i-nes ) m. 
liveliness; jcnyety; wanton- 
ness ;— a. trisk'i', re»tleM. 

Fritter, (f rifer) m. a kiiid of 
pancake s 4 fragment :— i*. 
t., to cut into pieces : waste 
by foolish prodigiUty. 

Frivolous, (friv'o-lus) a. 
silly ; trifling 5 lightly es- 
teemed ; not worth notice; 
€ul. frivolously ;— »w. f riv'- 
olousness. frivol'ity, levity : 
habits of trifling; nonseniie. 

Frizz, (friz) v. t. to curi, 
tnn^le, or crisp s— n. a cui-l. 

Frizzle, (friz'b r. t. tocrisu 
in small, short curls; broil. 

Fro, (fr6) orf. from j back. 

Frock, (frok) n.a loofce criat. 

Fn>g.(frog) amphibious 
reptile, with webbed feet, 
tint swims and lea^is rapid- 

ly; a soft, homy substance 
under a horse's foot ; a tag: 
loop; a dvv ice to enable car 
wheeb to croaa tracks or 
rails t (co//cN/irta/ ) hoarse- 
nesat phlegm in the throjt. 

Frolic, (frol'ik) a. gay ; full 
of prauks; playful ^-M. a 
wild prank ; merriment;— 
V. t. to play wild pranks or 
mer ry t ricka to gam bol ;— 
a. f lolic'aoine :— a. f rol'lc- 
ftoinenesa, spurtiveness. 

From, (from) pt^p. issuing ; 
at a distance; by reason of. 

Frond, (frond) n. the leafing 
of palma and ferns. 

Front, (f runt) m. the face or 
fore part; van; in»pud«ncc; 
— w. I. to stand befo."e ; to 
oppose face to face ; — a. 
frout'al, betonging to the 
boQcs of the forehead \—n. 
pediment over a door or 
window; n. f ronrage, front 
part of an edifice o<- lots. 

Frontier, ( f ront-ftr' ) a. the 
boundary of a territory j 
limits ;— a. bordering 

FrontiHpioce,(f ront'iH-p€i() «. 
a picture lacing the first 
page of a book ; face. 

Froutless, (f runt'les) v. hav- 
ing no shame; impudent. 

Frontlet, (frunt'let) m. bond 
worn on the forehead. 

Frost, (frost) a. the state of 
the atmosphere in which 
water f reezea or vegetation 
is nipped . .hill ; fir ten 
dew, afao called l.oar-j. c.<t, 
like frost '.—a. i'Wfy, like 
frORt; cold; chill in affec- 
tion ; — ad f rost'ily ; — ». 
frost'iness:— «« fmst'ing, 
fro^t-vofl:, resemblance to 
nour-frost on shrubs. 

Fmth.(fiofh) ». bubbles. Ac; 
empty shew of wit s — a. 
f roth'y, foamy ; unKob«tan- 
tial J — nd. froth'ily ; — a 
froth'jnc-ns, emptiness. 

Frounce, ( fronns ) r. t. to 
curl or frizzle the hair. 

Fr uzy, (fronz'i) a. musty. 

Froward, t f reward ) a. per- 
verse J resistant ;—ad. fro'- 
wanlly ;— n, f ro'wardness. 

Frown, (frown ) n. a wrin- 
kling of the brow in dis- 
pleasure ; a stem look ;-* 
r. i. to contract the brows ; 
to look angry t^v. t. to re- 

pel by a sour manner;— ac/. 
xrown'ingly, sternly. 

Fructify, rfruk'ti-fl) r. t. to 
make fruitful : ferti:! ■e;'- 
a. fructirerous, fruidul. 

Frugal, (fru'gal) a. saving of 
expenses; thrifty;— «. fru- 
garity, economy: thrift;— 
ad. frugally, savingly. 

Frugiferoos,(f rvi-jif'eivus) a. 
buiriug Iruit ;— o. Irugiv' 
erous, feeding on fruits. 

Fruit, (frat) m. products of 
the earth, trees, slirubs,5cc: 
the part of a plant which 
contains the seed ; the off- 
spring of animaU ; profits; 
consequences ; effect : ad- 
vantage ; — n». fruit' age, 
fruit collectively ; fruits ; 
fruifcrer, a dealer in fruits. 

Fruitful, (frarful) «. pro- 
ducing much fruit ;— o</. 
fruit lully i—ns. f ruit'ful- 
ncw*. /rirf'ftow, enjoyment 
of bodv or mind ; posses- 
sion ; use ; realization. 

Fruitless, (fruties) a, unsuc- 
cessful ; barren ; witliout 
Kroflt; useless;— ad. fruif- 
rssly;— M. fruitiessness 

Frumenty, ( f ru ' men - ti ) ik 
food made of wheat boiled 
in milk; — a. frumentace'- 
ous, resembling grain. 

Frustrate,(f rus'tiAt) r.r.tode. 
feat: balk; baffle: bring to 
nothintr;— N. frustru'tinn, 
disappointment ; defeat. 

Fru8tum.(fnis'tum) n. a slice 
of a wilid bo<ly ; the part 
of a cone which remaini 
when the top is cut off. 

Fnttoscent, f ruticose, (froo'- 
ti-k6s) a. shrub-like. 

Fry, (f rl) V. t. or t. to cook 
in afrjinp-pan: to simmer: 
— n. a diwh of anything 
fried, as ovhters ; a sxrarni 
of fishes lust npRwned. 

Fuchsia, (fu'shi-a) n. n genus 
of plants, with lung pen- 
dulous red flowers. 

Fuddle, ( f ud'l ) v. t. or 1. to 
mske or iret drunk or dull. 

Fudge, (fudj) er. a word of 
contempt: stuff; nonscoKe. 

Fuel,(fud) II any substance 
that feeds a fire: whatever 
supportsheat orexcitement 

FugiiG'ous, ( ffl-ga'shus ) a. 
• volstilc, a< fading flowers t 
■— w.t.fMgn'piousness.fujtac'- 
ity.uncertniuty; volatility. 


by Google 

A torn jacket is soon mended; 
but hard words bruise the 
heart of a child.— Longfel. 

A tale never loses in the telling. 

A thought often makes us hotter 
than a fire. — Longfellow. 

Three removes are worse than it 
fire. — Franklin. 




Fuffitive. (f A'ji-tiv) a. ilyine: 
uncertain; volatile; pcnth- 
ablc: temporary;— N. a run- 
away ; a deserter ; — atl. 
fu'BitivcIy: n. f u'gitiTeneui 

Fuslemnn. (fQ'{;l-maD)M.onc 
who tlnlU Holdiert. 

Fusue, (fOg) M. a cha»c or 
MicccBi<)nn in inuiic. 

Fulcrum, ( lul ' kruni ) h. 

prop ; 

fl xctl 
pom t 


^nL^^ fl vrhich 

^^^^•'^^■i MK)Ve». 

Fn1fllI.(ful-HI')r t tuuccom- 
pl»h ; carry into effect ; 
complete :— n. fulttll inent, 
perlomiance i completion. 

Ful^nt,(f uljent) a. ithinios: 
ddrzhnir; bn?ht ;—««/. ful- 
eent'Iy;— M. tnl'srency. 

Full, ( ful ) rt. having all it can 
contain ; complete ; tatu- 
flpd; ocrupied; aboundiunr; 
pcrfect;iitrons; clear; w.the 
whole; complete niearuro; 
—tuf. fully; quite;— r. 
thicken and cloth; 
— iio. fuller, one who fulU 
cloth ; Mler'f-eafth. a*oft 
clny. which absorb* create; 
—titt. fully, entirely ;— «. 
f nll'nc»«, repletion : plenty. 

Full blown,(ful' bldn VI fully 
expanded, as a flower. 

Full-faced, (f ul •fit.t) a. hav- 
ing a full or broud face. 

Full-heartc(l.(fur-hirt-ed) a. 
full of affection or courage; 
c I a t e d ; — a. (^ill-orbed, 
round, as the full moon. 

Fulminate, (ful'ml-nit) r. t. 
or I. to utter denunciation: 
to explode or be exploded 
with n loud noiM; to iraue 
or send forth, a» a sentence 
pr decree ;— M.a compound 
of expIoKiveocid with mer- 
ctiryt— M. fulmina'tion, de- 
nunciation of cen»ure:loud 
explonon: a. f ul nnnating. 

Fulyome. (ful'cuni) a. gmas ; 

, difguttiUK; nauaeout; 
fawning;— m/. ful'tomely; 
— M. ful iiomene»«. 

Fulvous. ( ful'vus ) Fiilvid, 
f fnl'vld) a. yellow i tawny. 

Fumble, (f um'bl ) »•. ». to door 
handle awkwardly t poke ; 
—If, fuin'bler, a bungler. 

Fume, (fflm) h. amoke t Ta- 
pori anything unanbatan* 
tul ; Tain conceit ; rage t— 
V. t. to ainoke; to throw off 
m vapor; to be in a 

Fumigate, (f u'mi-git) v. t. to 
perfume ; dii^infect ; — n. 
xumiga'tion, «xpo«ar« to 
disinlcctinff vapora t — «. 
fmn'g. rnodueing f umca. 

Fun, (f * a) M. aport; glee. 

Functioi, ( f nngk-aliun ) n. 
office; employment ; duty; 
power ; the peculiar office 
of any part of the body or 
mmd; the purpose of any- 
thing;— <i. functional, ro- 
lating to any bodil>' organ 
or upecial power. 

Functionary, (fungk ahun- 
ar-i) M. a public officer. 

Funa,(fund)N.a»tocki cup!- 
tal ; Hurplua i—pl. money ; 
funded debts \ — v. (.to 
mense a debt into mtereat- 
beariuK otock or lx>nd» ; to 
place money m a fund. 

the seat or lower part. 

at) a. denoting a founda- 
tion ; primary ; essential; 
hnportant ;— «. that which 
•erven as a btiaia or ground- 
work ; an esaential doc- 
trine;— at/.fundament'ally. 

Funeral. (fA'ner-al) n. a bur- 
ial t funeral ceremonies ;— 
a. used at interments ;— a. 
/(rNe'»'ea/,dismfll ; mournful 

Fungus. (fung'gUB) a. an or- 
der of planbi, including 
mushroom 8, toadstools, 
mould. &c.; proud flesh 
formed on wounds i—/i/. 
fungi, (f un'ji) ;— «. fung'- 
ous, soft; spongy; growing 
suddenly; excrescent ^-a. 
/M»i;*oirf,like mushrooma. 

Funicle, (fu'ni-kl) n. a small 
cord; a fiber: a. funic'ular. 

Funnel, (fun 'el) m. passage 
for smoke, ftc. ; a tunnel. 

Funnv, 'f un'i) n. comical. 

Fur, (fur) ». fine, soft hair ; 
skins t a fur-like CfMtmg 
on the tongue, the interior 
of boilera, Act— r. (.to line 
with fur ; — ». f un'ier. a 
dealer m fura ;— a. furr'y, 
covered or dressed in fur. , 

Furbuh, (fnKbish) r. (. to 
clenn ; to make bright. 

Furbelow, ifur'b^-lO) n. the 

fnnged border of a goiwa, 
*c.:— p/. gaudy array. 

Furcate, (fuKkit) a. forked. 

Funous, (f Ckn-UH) a. full ot 
rage : mad ; violent ;— «rf. 
fu'nonsly:-'n.fu nouanes». 

Furl.dur!) v.t. to roll up and 
fasten, as a sail i contract. 

Furlonp.lf ur'lopg) m 40 poles; 
one-ciirlith of a mile 

Furlougn. (fur ht) «. leave of 
absence i—r. (. to grant tem- 
porary leave of absenee. 

Fu^lacc,(fur'ni^; oven, 
or kettle for melting ote» 
and other purposes: u lur^e 
stove,A!C..for heatiug build- 
ings ; a state or place of 
grievouv affiiction or woe. 

Furnish, (fur'nikb) v (. »up- 
ply icquip ;— M. f ur'nuber. 

Furniture, ( fur'ni-tar ) n. 
household .goods t mova- 
bles: equipage: decorations 

Furrow, (fur'io) m. a trench 
uiadeliv a plow ; a groove i 
a wrinkle on the face*— 1>. 
(. to treiK h ; to wniikle. 

)^lrther. (fur'ther) a. more 
distant ; additional ; — ml. 
to a greater distance or de- 
gree ; moreover ; — v. (. to 
assut ; to promote ; to help 
forward:— iw. f ur'theraiice, 
advancement: fur'therer, a 
promoter, — atl. fnrtheV' 
mart, in addition ; besides. 

Further mOi^t, Furthe»t,(f ur- 
thest)a. most remote ; ex- 
tienie — a</. mofct distant. 

Furtive, (furtiv) o. secret; 
fugitive ^-«rf. fur'tively. 

Fury, (fft'ri) m. rage; violent 
passion; tumult of mind i 
miftli. one of the three god • 
dessesof vengeance; iience 
a bad. passionate woman. 

Fuse. (fQi) r. I. or i. to melt ; 
N.atubc filled with powder, 
etcfor flnng minea, shells. 
Jtc.'— fl.fus'iole.liqueflable; 
—n. fusibility quality of. 

Fusee, (f li'aJ) m. a match or 
segar hght ; fuse : spindle 
in a watch or clock on 
which the chain u wound. 

Fusion, (fd'zhun) n. state of 
fluidity from heat ; a close 
union of things, as of fac- 
tions in polities, etc. 

Fuss, (fus) n. a tumult or 
bustle about small matten; 
—a. fuss y^—ad. f niVil v. 

Fust, (fust) N. the shaft of a 


by Google 

A Ai^ d««e B lot to 40k 

A tree k laovm br ^ ftvils. «XKi 

A tluBe is wortk «lw( It wiU 

A «^k ttfMcf >k«\ rt)) llk^ <y«^^ 

A t^Wr •C bt««^ I* II ^vy «,v^ 



Funks V t\) x\\ \ Hv Uxrttwi « 

GAB, (cab) ii.MIe talk <-»•. 
f.yaV/'Jc, talk fu»t t c«ckk. 
Uubjudiiie, (|{«b*iir<<l^u) m. a 
coi'*c loot* nnucnt 

G«bk>iu (f** 
b 1 • u n ) N. 
wickttr b«a> 
kot flIUd 
with Mrth, 
u • e d for 
^hvU«r fruin 
tbiv. vua'bl) N. th« trlHngu- 

\ae end of a hou»e, fto. 
Gud, (gad) N. M whipi— c.f to 
ruve I iroailp i^n. ndd'vr. 
Gadfly, (gad'ffi) h. ally thut 
Ainwt or luya «gg« in cattle. 
OsfT, (go/) N. a aiiiell boniii. 
Oag, (gng) V. t. to pr«vai)t 
•pcpch by force I to Htop 
Itfjcialatlon or dvhat« by ar> 
bttrary nileu i - ii. mniie. 
thing lo itop the mouth. 
Oagi*. (gij) M. a |)le«liie or up* 
curity ( a rule of inpatur* 
ing ; that by which one la 
challenged;— o.f. to niedgwi 
to mea»ure, aa a conk. 
Oiiin,(gin)n proflti beneflti 
ad ventage I opooited to loeai 
— V. t. lo obtain i reach i 
d ra vrlo on e'a party f—» . iV. 
gnina or gninTnga, acquwl* 
tinnn by Mny nieatia. 
Gainful, (gin ful) (f. advan* 
tr^fona i lucrative i •- Off. 
grin'tuliri a, niu fuloeaet 
— /». gflinleae. lotting. 
CainMy,(gin'«i) d^my i 
to contradjrt;— /I. gatn'Miy 
er. Fo onpoeer i doubter, 
Gttnah, (gkr'wh) a. gaud/ 1 
ahmryi glaHng''— cr^.gMr* 

GmUskt)>$.imatnrrol valk' 

in» J ntf of »pred : itep. 
Gaiter*. (gAftr/ ) m, f4, %\yiw%. 
C«li.a!*1«> n. pMnpi feeCiV' i 
^ It/, sa • gtMitt-flag. 

Milk^v Wrtv J enx •|»li»ndui 

«« einintiit «,f«'n«blWH» 

0«K", «||*.) M. Hilmiitf wimt 

Urthtit, vgal )-ut)N, ««V(a, 

Gall, (NHwh H lulei ^Tlt«^ 

nritm mMligiuivi h ^miiid 

•Nured l(,v nibhlhgi piiprva- 

eem«e on tMk Irevm -j.^ lo 

hint the likint hnmui ve», 

a«ll*nl, (guMinl ) M. a ninit 

of fiiMhioMi N lover i ah nI« 

tondant i-i». t to wait nn a 

ladv i-ri. civil I |N)|ile i n|. 

teiitlvv in IrtdifMi ii, |n| . 

laiti. hmve i nolilo i u«(, 

tul'laiiily I -M. HAl-liiiidy, 
.raveiyi iiiliviiiiTlIyi ehlv 
a ilo «»»'mi(iii to lailiM. 

Oiilleon,(gnru.iiM) M.e lofly, 


Gallery, (giilrrl > n. n hn|. 
cony I a long bnaNNgK i the 
upper floor of aouTa In • 
chun'h or tlie-aler • a room 
for exhihItioH of art worka 

Oallev, (tfeli) „.% low (ittl- 
biuit vraoel i a friitm* lo re. 
cpive tyjM'a from n W/'^, 

Oalllr. (tfnllk) r>. peilHlolng 
•o (iaiiT, now rraiire, 

Gallinai'poiia, (gNl-iria ahua) 
/». d»'oofiMg burn towta, 

Gallip«;t/g»ri-poO rt, e palni. 

8ejl »»nil jri^/e*l ;#««, 
» lon^geriin)», fo«ir<|Marte 
all€«»n. (g*l lowi') «, a klod 
ofUffi antrrow rlM/on. 
Gallop, /gal Up; #*, i, to U»p, 
a* a boftf f Ut rl'le nt § 
•wift pnrtii—n. the piwe a| 
whMrh a h^rra^ ttttt$ when 
the Utf9 ar*d hind feel trw 
Hfled U$f^h^ ellernelely ( 

gaUn/f - ft gAlJ/zpt/le', a ( 
•td»i/7nir fii'^fff , » n'lifii t 
kio'l */f d*r»''»' • •>♦*>», ih« I 


tM»^»W»VM>^>^ hv*,sw^* 

t>«lvtn»am. ft«l>*»,j|»mU. 

• •»»»»«»«>««« vlv»»«.W)|\, s\y 

y^^\\^\y^^^\ K> nuUU' no,) 
e)u«k<i«>«t| Mkvuhtt «( «,«( 

Vm|U, »' F -0 VMMU#, 

GamiiK i,^«»ml\i». » »Mi»lav 
l<« UMMu'v (tk H«iu«>; oi 
vhemv i •i^vi'mIhIi t « f io 
^V,V"•'♦'*'•'^'•Vl »♦« Minn 

GNMtlm«i«, (tiMlii h,vi ) N « 
MMMI iMhl, llM'tln; M IMM 

fUiuM, (Mttmltortx N kl 

HMgi i.f;.vtiilni««.},ol|J| 

- •'.. i./(»lt*Hp«(l|t|i.Vjlt, 

Of ;k/we, ff»i'i,9, 0. a gihh*i. 

.. .. .,. IfMii ■ml „ , 
(iaml.K-l. iNHihlnflt if |ha 
, hind Iftiida hoMfiaal A. 
•aine, (uNhm h pU , *"; 

llHke III M)«MIMIt( I Willi NMt 

ftiMla limilnlt « i iin^^y 
fnr momy I (o *piMl| »l 
M'tMHoM. lite ioNi'«it«e I, 
|»leylMM roMMO*!..*, gHMie - 
ilei, entmihU , iIumIki 

liNmcmmie, ( M^mimo i <i, 
lt»7 I ■iHotkHi i.UhoI 

GNimHoi|,(t(tniHn/M llif jca 
Ofllilg), of a i„,,| f,Mjl 
•m •ntolii.d or il/inh a 
a«<rlo «>omi.< »ly U tfliH\knt 
oreleoOoM fNlHiJilef] (» 
h.M.oM ,„. ,,,„,,|,^ ,7 

WM/'h la llich'lofH ».«j(«.» 
"nil WhUmilH ,' II \u')vn\ 

n«/l«'*iM mo<M ititntPti, /ktu 

Ganger /|r«n 4#m// Hi^t rrM<« 

of nj*! |^<^fl(w ko'd 
Geoir- //j/tofr « a »^«w ♦ # 

•*> M e /»*^"^, §H0mM I 

e/*fii _ .. _ .. 


by Google 

A trick of law has no less power 
than the wheel of fortune to 
lift men up or cast them down. 
— Sm Thomas Moorib. 

God's glowms; covenant (the 

A truly great man borrows no 

luster from splendid ancestry. 




mortificMtion of flesh ;— a. 

gnn'^renouf. tnortiflod. 
6angwiiy,(^ng'wa>>{. a wnj 

or paxsRgc 111 or to n ship.JtEC. 
Ganoid. (ganoid) n. one of 

an order of fishes having 

•hiinng enamelled scales. 
Gaol, (iai) II. n pnboii ; jail. 
Gap. (gap) n. patroge; hiatus. 
Gape, (gap) <*. i. to open the 

inotith wide i to gaze at 

vith wonder . to be open, 

.^art))»> clothes: Habit 

Garbage. (parh'Aj) n. otfuU of 

like n gap: n act of gnping. 
Garb, (gart)} n clothes: Habit. 

annuals ; rft(w« inattei 

Garble, (par'bl) i-. t. to select 

what may serve our own 

{mrpose: to mutilate a wri- 
mg or nui<i»tate anything : 
— N. gar'blfr. taUifier. 

Gar(len,(gardn) enclos- 
ure for the cultivation of 
plants, fruits, and flowers. 

Gardening, (gardn-ing) n. 
horticulture; theart of lay- 
ing out and tilling gardens; 
— «. gar'dener, cultivator. 

Gansle. (g*r'gO »'• '' to wash 
the throat, preventing the 
liquid from going down by 
cxpeUing air against it :— 
It. ■ liquid for the throat 

Garland, (gar^iand) n. floral 
wreath: book of selections. 

Garlic, (gir'lik) ii. a plant 
with* bulbous root. 

Garment, (gor'nient) n. an 
^Tticle.of clothing ; dress. 

Gamer, (gii^ner) n. a store- 
house for grain ;— r. t. to 
■tore $ ret knowledge, Ac. 

Gamet.(gar'net)ii. a precious 
stone, usually red. 

Garnish, (gir'nish) r. t. to 
adoni ; to decorate, as a 
dish :— «. decoi-ation ; — n. 
gar'niture. ornament. 

Garret, (g&r'et) m. a top floor. 

Garrison, (gar'i-sn) ». body 
of troops m a fort t a forti> 
fled place :— r. t. to place 
soldiers in a gamsou. 

Gnrrote.Cgar-iOf) m. mode of 
strangling bv a brass col- 
lar tightened by a screw, 
whose point enters the spi- 
nal marrow ;—t\, t. to sud- 
denly render insensible by 
timi - strangulation and 
then rob t—n. garrOt'er. 

Garrulity, (gar-iiri-ti).garrft« 
lousncM,(n^s)ii. loquacity; 
—a. gaKrolous, talkative. 

Garter, (gaKtcr) n. a band to 
hold UP a stocking ; an or- 
der of Knighthood 

Gas, ( gas) n. an aenfomi 
^elastic fluid, especially that 
obtained from coal; had air. 
— «. grvTeOM, denoting gas. 

Gasconade, (gas-kon>&d') u. a 
boasting or bragging ; bra- 
vado ;— t'. I. to boast ; blus- 
ter ;— II. or a. gnsconad'ing. 

Gas-fitter, (ga»'flt-er) n. one 
who fit>s ga»-pipcs,bracket8, 
and burners for lights. 

Gash, (gnsh) i>. t. to cut deep, 
esp. into flesh :— »i. wound. 

Gasometer, Cgas-om'et-vr; n. 
lubtrumcnt for measuring 
gaM : a phtce to hold gas. 

Gasp, (gasp) r. i. ort. too)>en 
the mouth to catch breath ; 
to breathe convulsively ;— 
N. a paintui breathnig. 

Gastnr. (cas trik) a. belong- 
ing to the stomach. 

Gaktronomy, (cas-ti-on'om-i) 
M. artor science of good liv- 
ing ;—/i. giihtronomic. per- 
taining to eatmi; ordinmg. 

Gate, (gat) m. a laiTje door « 
pasiKige into a house, field, 
or indo«»Uie ;— n. gate way. 

Gatlier,(gath'er) v. t. or i. col- 
lect ; acquire : plait; learn 
by inference : assemble or 
muster : increaKC i suppu- 
rate ;— II. a plait or fold in 
cloth, made by drawing the 
thread through;— iw. gath- 
erer, a gleuner: gath'ering, 
a crowd t accumulation. 

Gaudy, (gawd'i) a. showy ; 
ostentatiously fine : — ad. 
gaud ily r— B. gaud'iness. 

Gauge, (gij) '*• /• to measure 
the ccmlents of any vessel: 
estimate ability:'— ii. stand- 
ard;— ii». gaug'cr, gauging. 

Gaunt, (gant) a. lean ; tliin ; 
having a pinched look;— a. 
gaunt'iy ie^n. gaunt'ness. 

Gauntlet, fflnutlet) n. a lonir 
cover fr*v 
ing th ^. v-T 
wri>t. \ 

Gau zc . 
n. thui 
silk or 
linen ;— a. gauz'y, light. 

Gawk, (gawk) ■. a cuckoo ; 
a simpleton ^Aff. gawk'y, 
foohflli; clnmay }^gaialy, 

Gav,(ga) a, cheerful, merry; 
snowy; spoitivc; biig'.it ;— 
at/, gai'ly. gayly:— H. cay' 
cty, g:iy ness, liveliness. 

Gaze, (gaz) v. i. to look in- 
tently :— <f. fixed or eager 
look ; the object gazed at ; 
— «. gtix' tug-Mock, a person 
exposed to public cunasity 

Gazelle, (g:(-zel') n. a small 
species of antelope with 
beautiful dark eyes. 

Gazetteer, (gnz'et-ter) ii. a 
geographical dictionary. 

Gear, (geri n. apparatus ; 
hamcKs; dress;— »?, Mo put 
in geor, as machinery or 
horses:- w.gear'ing. a train 
of toothed wheels. &c. 

Gelutine, (jerii-tln) a. eon- 
croteaniinal substance;— a. 
gflttt'iMom, like JcUy. 

Geld, (geld) t'. /. to deprive 
of an essential part; to cas- 
trate:— m. gelding, a cas- 
tnited animal, esp. a horse. 

Gchd. (iel id) «. t old : icy. 

Gem. (jem) m. any precious 
stone, especially when cut: 
anything extremely valu- 
able or attractive s— i*. t. to 
adorn with jewels. 

Gennni. (jemi-ni) n. pi. a 
constellution of two bright 
stars. Castor and Pollux. 

Geminous. (fcrn'm-us) a. m 
hot., double < in pairs. 

Gemmation. (jem-m4shun) 
n. time or form of budding 
in plants : otljf. eemin & c. 
havini! bud*: ceminuir- 
ous. producing buds: gem 
mip'arouH. in zonl., repro- 
ducing by buds growing on 
the lK»dy :— «. iiemm'ule, a 
little f:cin or leaf -bud. 

Gender, (jen'der) »i. sex, 
male or female \ in ftraitt., 
difference of a word to ex- 
press sex: r. engender. 

Genealog}'. ( icn-e-al o-pi ». 
hn»tor/ of the def-oent of 
families: pedigree of a par- 
ticular person or Irtinily:— 
a. genealojr'ical;— M. g.-'ne- 
al'ogist. family hibtorian. 

Cieneral. (i*"«-*f-*l> '»• *^"'n- 
mon: punlic ; not special; 
notiYstricted ; loose; vague:, 
the whole orchief part;— m. 
commander of an army ;— 
H. generalissimo:— N.gen'- 
eralship. military skill. 

GeaeraUty, Uen<«r>ari4i) n. 


by Google 

A viae bears three g^rapes; the 
first of pleasure, the second of 
drunkenness, and the third of 
repentance. — ^Anacharsis. 

A voluntf ry burden is no burden, 

A virtuous woman is a jewel to 

her husband. [trees. 

A violent storm uproots lofty 




itUte of bving general; the 
irreate«t part : the bulk. 

Generaiizf. (jeirer-al-iz)'?. /. 
to oiTau;(tf unil«r gfiieral 
lieutlM: t«i infer from one or 
few theiiatureof the whole 
clakH ; — M. geiicrahza'tion. 
a c«>iii|irchvndiii2 iiiaiiy 
things under a leeneral de- 
■crtption or roninion itaiue; 
avoidance of detail. 

Generally. ( jen'er-al-Ii ) a*i. 
extensively; u«ualiy t niobt 
frc^ueutly ; in Keneral. 

Genemte. (jen'er-it) v. t. to 
procreate : originate. 

Generation, ( jen-er.4'i»hun ) 
n. a race; a family t an age; 
the people of the tame 
penoa i origination ; that 
which m brought into life ; 
a. generative, prolitic {— n. 
gcn'erator. prouucer. 

Generoaity. (jen-er^M'i-ti) n. 
hberahty: noblencM of na- 
ture ; magnaniinity. 

Generous. (j<^n'er-us) a. Ub< 
eral : open -hearted : cour. 
ogeous ; of a noble nature; 
invigorating in ita nature, 
a* wine;— m/. gen'eroualy i 
— w. geu'eroutneM. 

GeneaiK. (ien'e-si«) n. origin 
or production ; Biblical ac- 
count of the Creation. 

Genial. ( j6'ni-al ) a. enjoy- 
able « healthful: cheering: 
merry :—«</. genially ;— iia. 
ginial'ity, ge'ninlneaa. 

Geniculute. (je-nik'i\-lat) a. 
in iMtt., bent abruptly, like 
the knee: jointed; knotted. 

Genitals. (jen'i-talz)N. /'/. the 
exterior organn of genera- 
tion : — n. geit'ital. 

Genius.(ji'nMii»)N.a good or 
evil Npint:— ;>/. Ge'nii. 

Genius, (jen'yus) n. nature i 
dixpoHitioni a man of great 
mental power* : peculiar 
coii»titutiou or rharacterof 
anything ;—/»/. Gin'iutet. 

GeuA d'anneii. (zhin-dami') 
N. French armed police. 

Genteel.(Jen-til') o. polwhcd 
in manner* t |N>hte ; wcU- 
bred ;—atl. genteel'ly. 

Gentile, (Jen'til) N. any one 
not a Jew t— «. heathen. 

Gentle, (ien'tl) a. mild « do- 
cile: not rough in mannertt 
soothing; good-tempered; 
ea«y % — ml. gent'ly: — h$. 
fen'tlenca«.amubility ; gem- 

tle/olht. well-bred people: 
ffrattl'ttv, gtnnl brveUllig. 

Gentleman, (jt-nti-nian) m. 
a man of phkI brt^dmg, 
educMtiuii. iiud politeneM : 
in /«/. Kcutleaicn. a word uf 
addrei* : — fhui. ^vn ' tie- 
woman \—u. uvn'tkiimnly, 
polite; M. gen'tlemanliiieiiH. 

Gentry, (jeu'tn;M. well-bred, 
educated people — applied 
in deruion to those who 
affect fiupenonty. 

Genuflection, (jeii - Q flek'- 
ithun) N. act of kneeling. 

Genuine. tjen'u-m> a. free 
from adulteration ; real ; 
pure;--<i(/. gen'uiiiely, nat- 
urally;— «. gen'uineneM. 

Genua. (je'nu6) M. a cla»* of 
many Hi>eciea ; />/. Gviierat 
—a. gener'ic. pertaining 
to a group of Mveral spe- 
cie* with common cliarac- 
teri^ticit ;—<«/. gener'ically. 

Geocentric, (je-o-»eu'tnk) a. 
denoting the position of a 
celevtial object a* Keen from 
the earth, being the center. 

Geode. (Je'od) n. in mm., a 
rounded nodule of fctone 
containing a Miialler con- 
cretion lying lootie within. 

G(>ode*y, ( je-od'e-iti ) »#. a 
brancli of land-iiurveying 
which allow* for the curva- 
ture of the earth. 

Geogno»y, ( je-og'no-si ) n. 
knowledge or ftudy of the 
fttructuie of the crut>t of 
the earth in reB|)ect to the 
lan{e nnneml ma*)»ert. 

Geogony, ( je-og' ) /*. the 
science of the fomintion of 
the earth :— <i. g«»gon ic. 

Geographical. ( j*-o-gmrik- 
aDa.relatingto (teography: 
— ml. gcograph'ically. 

Geography, ( j*-«^'ra-fl ) w. 
de«criptloii of the earth's 
surface and its inhabitant*: 
a book eontnining it :— m. 
iftog rnphf, n wnterof. *c. 

Geo'ogy, ( je-ol'o-j* ) m. the 
science of the structure of 
the earth, us to its rocks, 
strata, minerals, Ac. : — a. 
geolog'ical :— N. geolo'gist 

Geometry, ( je-om'e-tri ) ». 
science of quantity and 
mensuration :— a. geomet'- 
rical x—ad. geoniet'rically ; 
— «». g^ometric'ian, geom'- 
cter, one versed in the 

measurenifnt of lines sur- 
face* and kolid*, with their 
vanouh p:'t)|ie tieK kc 

Geoponic. (al) f je-o-|Mtii'ik > 
a. jiertauimif to tilling the 
earth :— n. finy. geopon'ics. 

Georanu^ (je-o-ra'ma) n. a 
spherical chamber with a 
general view of the earth 
on It* in nor ail rf ace. 

Geon;iu, (iurj'ik) m. a rural 
poem i—u. relating to agri- 
culture or rustic affairs. 

Geranium, (ji-ri ni-um) n. a 
gen us of f ragraii i flowering 
plants with Ion g»eed lobes. 

Germ, (jemi) m. a seed-bud ; 
flrst principle : ongin. 

German, (j'f'man) genuine, 
(jdr-mftn') n. of the flntde- 
gree; closely allied : fit. 

German-silver. (ier'man-«U'« 
ver) M an alloy of copper, 
zinc and nickel. 

Germinate. (j«rm'in-it> v. i. 
to bud ; sprout ; begin to 
grow ;— a. germination i— 
a<(;«. genn'inant, sprout- 
ing : germ inal. original. 

Gestation. ( jes-tik'khun ) n. 
act of carrying young id 
the womb:— u. ges'tatory. 

Ge>iticulate.(ies-tik'u-lat) v.%. 
to u»e emphatic motioni«i to 
play antics ;— r. t. to repre- 
sent by action :— u. gestic- 
ula'tion, motions ; antics ; 
»</>«. gestic. ge»tic'ulatory. 

Gesture, (jcs'tur) n. motion 
of the arms or body, as in 
speaking {, posture ; action 
exprei>*ive of pa^ion. 

Get. (get) r. t. to gain : win ; 
learn ; reach ; persuade : to 
beget, as a colt ;— r. i. to ar- 
rive nt any place, state or 
condition ; to go: to become 
frVz-ff/, to reach; get-ofi'. to 
csciiiw : {/e^o'i. to proceed: 
advance ; g^i over, to sur 
mount; ytrt through, to fln 
uh: get up. to arise : to as- 
cend :— M. get'tmg. gam. 

Gewgaw,(gu'gaw)N.a bauble 

Geyser, (gi'ser) n. a boiling 
spouting mineral spring. 

Ghastly. ( gast'lt ) a. d«:ath- 
like: very pale: hideous; 
—n. ghast'liness. paHor. 

Gherkin, (ger'kin) n. a small 
pickling cucumber. 

Gnost. (giHt) M. a spirit ap- 
pearing after death; the 
soul ofnian:— a. ghostlike. 


by Google 

A wolf in sheep's clothing (t. ^., 

an enemy in disguise). 
Avoid a remedy that is worse 

than the disease. 

Avoid popularity; it has many 
snares, and no real benefit. 

Avoid the ford in which your 
friend was drowned. 




{(luMt'ly, spiritual; i^hahtly; 
pale; pertaiiiiii!; to appari- 
tion* :— rt. slioiit hiiCM. 

GhunI, imntn n. a ileiiuni fa- 
bled to leed on the dead. 

Giant, (jraiil) n. a man of 
{irvat ktature;— a. |ri;;aii'tic. 
imtneiike;— M. pnnt'ew. 

Giblieri>«h.(iriirer-ihh)N. rap- 
id inarticulate speech; noii- 
Kcnsc ;— «(. unmeaning- 

Gibbet, (jib'et) a. a gallown ; 
— ♦'. t. to ban;: or execute 
for cnine: expose to^hanic. 

Gibb«>8e,(;;ib-bos)<t. htuttpe.'l. 

GibbouK. (;;ib'iiH) a. pro^u* 
bcniut; convex, as a nearly 
firil iiKion:— <i'/.ipbb'c»usly; 
n.gibb'ousness, roundness. 

Gibe, (jib) V. t. or t. to rail : 
sneer ; to taunt : to cost re- 
proaches ; N. Hcoff i taunt ; 
contempt :—ad. s;ib'in{;]v. 

Giblets, (jib'lets) n.///. the in- 
tcmal eatable parts of a' 
fowl, rut off before cook- 
tnj; ;— a. ffib'let, liver, &c. 

Giddy, istd'i) a. volatile; 
dizzy; whirlinz: thought* 
lebH ; — ad. inddily ; — n. 
nddiness. vertigo ; levity. 

Gift, (gift) «. a gratuity ; of- 
fering; endowment: qual- 
ity: faculty; the act of piv- 
m;;;— »'. t. to endow with 
an V power or faculty ;~a. 
Kift'ed, talented ; rmart. 

Gi-.:. (?ig) n. a \\%\\t carriage ; 
a long, light boiit. 

GiHuntic. (ji-gan'tik) a. like 
a giant ; enormous : great ; 
—n*l gigan'tically, hugely. 

Giggle, (gig'l)ft.a laugh with 
aliort catches of the voice 
or breath ;— r. i. to laugh 
in a Killv manner. 

Gild, (gild) V. t. to overlay 
with gold or gold color , to 

, adorn with luster;— M.gild'. 
ing, gold laid on any sur- 
face for ornament;— 41. gilt, 
bricht » gilt-ttlgeil. gilded, 
■s leaves; first-clami. 

Gill, (jil) «. X of a pint 

Gill.(gil) n. organ of respira- 
tion in fishes : the flap be- 
low the bill of n fowl. 

Gilly -flower, (jiri-flow'er) n. 
a plant; wall-flower. 

Gimcmck. (jim'krak) n. toy; 
tnvinl mechanism, [auger. 

Gimlet, (gini'let) i*. a small 

Gunp. (gimp) n. a silk twist 
or lace ; a trimming. 

Gm, (jin) n. a spirit distilled 
from grain : a machine ; a 
snare ;— r. /. to clear cotton 
of Its seed : tu trap, snare. 

Ginger, (jin'jer) n. a plant 
with a Tuit. spicy root :— «. 

Jin'gerbread. a i*weet cake 
avo:e<l with ginger. 

Gingerly .(jiu'jei-lDfK/. cue- 
fully; not severely. 

Ginghnm, (gtu;;'ha'in) n. a 
kind of cotton cloth of yarn 
dyed iK-lore being woven. 

Giphv. (jip'M) M. a race of 
people generally engaged 
in strolliiiB and telling for- 
tunes; a siv woman. 

Giraffe, (zhc-Fof', jcraf) n. 
the ea- 
rn elo ■ 
p a r d 1 
the tall- 
est of 


r. to 
gibe; t 
round. ~. , . ,. 

Girder, (gerd'er; M. the pnn- 
cinol beam in a floor, kc. 

Girdle, (gerd'l) n. that which 
Kirdri or encircles ; a band 
for the waist ; enclosure : 
zone ; a horizontal line in 
the setting of jewelry;— r. 
t. to bind. OR with a girdle; 
tooiifl»»sc: to make circu- 
lar inciaion.oif tliron:;h the 
bark of a tree, to kill it. 

Girl, (gerl) n. a female child, 
or a young woman :— «. 
girl'tfh, youthful. giddy;— 
ait. girriKhly,chilaiiihly;— 
n. girrishnesa. triviality. 

Girlhood, (gerl'hood) ». the 
state of a girl : pertaining 
to the youth of a female. 

Girth, (gerth) n. a strap for 
a saddle : a circular band- 
age ; circumference of a 
tree ; waist meosure. 

Gist, (jist) H. the main point, 
or pith of anything. 

Give, (giv) r. t. or ». to be- 
stow : to make n present ; 
yield to pressure ; grant « 
utter t render, as thanks ; 
show, as a result.— 6'tr« 
chatie, topursue:(fii>r/nr/A, 
to emit ; publish ; give im, 
to yield; 91 re ovtr, to cease; 

aire place, to make room 
for another ; gtae up. to 
abaudon t—na. giv'er. a do- 
nor : gir'ing. bestowing. 

Gizzard.(gix'rd)N. the stom- 
ach of a fowl or bird. 

Glacier, (gla'»hcr) n. mass of 
ice.&c, in the hollows and 
oo the slopes of lofty 
mountains, which often 
slides down to the plains ; 
— «. giac'ial. icy; frozen. 

GIncis. (gla'si^) n. a gentle 
slope, or sloping hank, as 
ill iortification«: thatwhich 
ID hlippery. like ice. 

Glad, (glad) a. affected with 
Dleasure ; pleased ; cheer- 
ful; bright;— ('./.gladden, 
to make glad ; to cheer ;— 
fut. gladly :— n. glad'nees. 

f i ade. (g!id) n. an open, 
grassy space in a wood. 

Gladiator, (glad'i-i-tor) n. a 
Roman fcword-player ;— a. 

^> adiole. (glad'i-ol) n. the 
iword-lily. (/... »l(if/iolu».) 

.. :MUonic.(glad'hum)a. gay, 
joyous ;—»«/. glad'MMiiely; 
-«. glad'Nonieness. glee. 

Glance, (glann) n. a sudden 
shoot or light; o momen- 
tary view ;— I'. /. or t. to 
dart a ravof light or splen- 
dor ; to «natch a bird's-eye 
view ; to fly o T obhqueljr ; 
iniike a pu(w>iiig allusion:— 
m/.clanc'ingly, transiently. 

Gland, (glona) h. ajiecreting 
organ in aniinnU and 
nlants:~tr glandiform. 

Glanders, (glnn'derz) m. pi 
nil influenza of horses. 

cr-iis) n. bearing acorns. 

Glandular, G 1 a n d u I o u s . 
(gland u-luK) a. consiHtmg 
of or like glands; n. glaus. 

Glare, (gl&r) ii. a bright daz- 
zling light ; flercc,piercing 
look:— r. ». to dazzle the 
sight; to look with piercing 
eyes; to lie ot^teiitatioiisly 
splendid :— /i.slar'iug, pal- 
pablc;hnrefaeed ;notorious; 
— fK/. glaringly, patently ; 
— 'I.'ingncs8. lioldncss. 

Glass, (glas) m. a transparent 
substance for windows, 
mirrors, tumblers, tele- 
scopes, kc. ; in pi. spectaclea 
or glasses i the oiiantity 
of liquid a glass holds;— a. 


by Google 

Away goes the devil when he 
finds the door shut against 
him. [diers. 

Away from the battle all are sol- 

A twig in time becomes a tree. 
The last ounce (or feather) breaks 
the camel's back. [back. 

A little more breaks a horse's 




made of glass. : vitreous ;— 
«#. {(Iai»> y glass-hke :— ns. 

f;UsK'iueM. glaiM'blowins. 
aucouK. (glaw'ku») a. oi ft 
M>a-srcen color or bloom. 

\jlaze, (gift 2) r. t. to fur- 
iii»h arith glatw ; t« give a 
gloKityMurfaceto;— N gifts'- 
ff. oiu' who rets and fixes 
wiiidoMT-iElaKS :— ««. glaze, 
or ^Isi'ing, the vUreous 
coating on |)uttery : any 
fhlning exterior i in painN 
ing. sfnii-tmn«parent col- 
ors put thnity over others 
to modifv the effect. 

Glesnt. ( glem } n. a small 
vtream of light ;— c. i. to 
shinci toAaxh: a gleam'y, 
flnf>hing. darting light. 

Glean, (glen) r. /. to gather 
the remains of a harvest ; 
to pick up ;— M.«. glean'er, 
glean 'ing, act of collecting 
what IS thinly scattered ; 
pi. m formation or knowl- 
edge from various sourceti. 

Glehe. (gl«h) m. turt : soil « 
church land ;— «. gicb'ouM. 

Glee, (gk) M. loy; merri- 
ment i a Kong III parts. 

Gleeful, (gle'ful) a. laugh- 
ing ; gay ;—«»/. gleefully. 

Glen, (glen) it. a narrow 
valley worn by a nver j a 
space between hills. 

Glin, (ghb) (I. smooth ; slip- 
pery } voluble :— rtf/. glib*- 
ly ; M. ghb'ness, kKiuacitr. 

Glide, (ifhd) i'. i. to slide 
smoothly and esKitv: flow 
gt ntly : pass rapidly;— n. 
a >>lidtng i—nrf. giid'ingly. 

Glimmer, (ghm'er) o. i. to 
khoot scattered rays i to 
bum or appear faintly ;— 
w. feeble rays of hght*. faint 
knowledge -.—n ghmmer- 
ing. a faint view or idea ; a 
hint ; fleeting enjoyment i 
foint light or likeness. 

Glimpse, (glimps) n. slight 
view; mkling ; foretaste. 

Glisten, (glis'n) r.t. to spar- 
kic with light: shine. 

Glitter, (glit'er) r. t. to snar- 
kle with light; to be splen- 
did and showy;— n. lunter i 
bnlliance ; splendor i — a 
glitt'enng. shining : bril- 
liant ;— Of/ gtitt'eringlv. 

Oloat, ( gldt ) V. I. to stare 
with strong desire ; enjoy. 

Oiobfttc (glAi)'&t) a. round. 

Globe, (gl6b) n. a round 
bodyt i 
sphere : 
earth ;— 
a. glob' 



round i—att. giob uiarl/ — 
N<(. ffMtnlcu'^ttff, y/o-Vi^ itft. 
snhencity ; gM/uie^ ft little 
globe or round partit-lc 
of sugar, ftc, generally 
medicutcd ; corpuscle. 

Glomerate. ( glom'er-ftt > v. t 
to gather into a ball .— «i. 
growing m rounded forms: 
~R. glomera'tion. massing. 

Gloom, (gloom) >i darkness; 
obsrurity : sorrowful as- 
pects depression of spirits: 
nielnncholy ;— r. i. to be 
•iillen or dejected s — a. 
gloom'y, dark: dun; sad:— 
Of/, gloom 'ily:— MS. gloom'- 
mess, sullenneHx; obscur- 
ity : gtootti mg, twilight. 

Glorify, (rflori-li) v. t. to 
make glorious; to extol: to 
praise t honor; exalt: wor- 
ship : — N. glonfica'Aion. 
praise ; celebration i pride. 

Glonoiis. (gl6'ri-us) a. illus- 
trious : splendid ; renown- 
ed ; possessing or confer 
ring qualities wortliy of 
glory:— «»/ glo'nously. 

Glory, (glo n) m. bnghtneas; 
splendor ; honor i luster ; 
elonous state: fame; halo : 
heaven ; pride; arrogance: 
— r. I. to exult; Ixmst ; to 
he proud of anything:— n 
glo'rving, l)o.i>.ting. etc.;— 
a. gfo'ncd. illustnous. lie. 

Gloss, (glos) N. brightness: 
superficial luster; external 
ihow : a specious appear- 
ance or representation ; nn 
explanatory remnrk: com- 
ment;— r.*. to give otitside 
luster to; render plausible; 
poUiate ; mtcrpret :— /». i. 
eomment disingenuously. 

Glossary, (glos'ar-i) «. a dic- 
tionary of obscure or an- 
tiquated words;— rt. ginmi'- 
rial, giving explanations. 

Glossy. ( glos'i ) a. smftoth 
and shmingi n. gloss'incss. 

Glottis, (glot'is) M. narrow 

cleft or tongue m the lar* 
vnx, to fonu the voice. 

TrEiive (gluv) H. a cover for 
the baud and fingers. 

Glow, (glo) r. I. to exhibit ft 
strong, bright color; shine 
vitliout flame : to feel 
great heat of body ; to be 
Hushed with heat, anima- 
lion or blushes to be ar- 
dent or passionate ; — m. 
a white heat i brightness ; 
pasitiun :— M.glow'iiig.higb 
ly coloredj~<W.glow'ingly 

Gloze, (gl6z) r. I. to flatter : 
wheedle to explain ;— r. 
t. to smooth over ; palliate. 

Glue -<glu) »• ft tenacious 
aniranrHuo^tance ;— »?. /. to 
cement with glue , unite. 

Glum. ( glum ) a. sullen : 

f;rave : gloomy » frowning, 
ut. (glut) ('. t to cloy : to 
overload ; fill to saUety j- 
N. more than enough. 

Gluten, (gluten) n. a tough 
viscid substance in flour. 

Glutinate, (glu'tin-ot) t;. I 
to unite with glue ; — w. 
glfitina'tion : — «. glu'tin- 
ous, gluey, tcnacioub ;cov- 
cre<l. as a leaf, with slip- 
pery moisture ; — n. glu- 
bne. white substance like 
ftlbumen t gelatine. 

Glutton, (glut'n) n. a vora- 
cious cater :- o. glutt'on 
ous :— n. glutt'ony. luxury 
and excess in eating. 

Glycenne. ( glis'er-in ) m. a 
colorless, vincid luiuid of a 
sweet tnste. extracted from 
oils and fats : — n. mtro 

frllfCeriMe, powerful blast- 
ug oil or explosive ngent. 
prepared by the ai'tion of^ 
nitric and sulphuric acids 
on fflyeeniie. 

Glyph, (ghf ) N. a fluting, or 
sunken channel m arch 

Glyptics, (ghp'tikt) m mig. 
art of engraving on pre- 
cious stoupit : glftiihKjrni^H. 

Gnarl, (nftrl) it. a large kiict 
in wood ;— '*. gnnrlcd . 

Gnaeh, (nash) >*. i. or t. to 
strike the teeth toeethcr. 

Gnat, (nat) it- a winced in- 
sect that sucks blood. 

Gnaw, (n«»w) r. /. to bite; 
tear with the teeth in agony 
or rage ; corrode t fret. 

Gneiss, (nis) a. a rock com- 
posed of quartz, feldspar. 


by Google 

A little wrong done to another, 
is a great wrong to ourselves. 

The implements to him who can 
handle them. 

Brothers should dwell together In 

Bon avocat mauvais TOisin. — ^A 

good lawyer is a bad neighbor. 




and mics. with • laininnted 
texture. aii«l mure mica 
than M found in ;^rantte. 

Gnome, (nom) » m mifth.^ 
an nuagmaf7 betn;g Mid to 
inhabit the inner pait:* of 
the earth, and to guard ita 
treasure* ; a dwarf or gob 
lin : a hententiouiiMiyint; 

Gnuinon. ( nd'nion ) n- tht 
style or pin of a dial. 

Gnosticii. (noft'tiks) n false 
sect of eorl/ pti>lu6opher«. 

Go, (go) V. t. to move ; de- 
part i walk away, proceed; 
lead in any direction; be 
about to do ; to pass, or be 
loosed, not be retnnied ; to 
reach, or be extended to 
any decree ; to n»ove by 
mechanism: to turn out; 
to fare.— Gn about, to at- 
tempt or en;;aKcm at once : 
gn dowu, to De l»elieved: 
ffo hanf wi*h. to be tn real 
ditiiculty or danger ; go 
on, proceed : go out, to ex- 

{nre. as aliftht;to leave the 
touke. &c. ( go off. to run 
Bway.die.explode; f/o oivr. 
to»tudy : to exannne ; go 
ihrottgh topeifoin; to «u • 
fer ; to experience s gn 
wnder, to fail t to be called 
by :— nj(. tfo4)etieeftt, media* 
tor; mutual agent; pander* 
er s go-'if/t afip ; cvaston ; 
go'er, fost horse ; gtp'uHf, 
departure ; gn'inf/-*ni. prci- 
gress ; pf. behavior: sport; 
—int. go In, come now ! 

Goad, ( sdd ) ». a pointed 

- stick to dnre oxen ; a 
fitii|)uln'« ;— »'. t to urge on. 

Go:il.(K<>l>i». antartinB-pmnt; 
final puriMMC ; tendency. 

Gn:tt. (pH) n. a ruminating 
nnimal. allied to sheep. 

Gobble, (jfob'l) v. t. to swal- 
low hastily i—v. t. to make 
a noi»»e like a turkey. 

(toblet, ( golr'let ) n. a plass. 

Gnblin. (gob'tm) m. an enl 
spirit : oppantion : fairy. 

God, (Rod) »». the Supreme 
Boin? '■ Jehovah ; an ob- 
ject of worship : idol :./>•»». 
(jottil'epx, a lovely woman. 

God-father, ( prod' fa t ler ) a 
sponsor for a child in bap- 
tism ',—fr.m. ffod'mother. 

Godhead, (frod'hed) n. the 
I>ivfne nature ; Dcitv. 

Oodlaae.( god'les ) a.wicked. 

Ciodtikc, (godiik) a. rrseni- 
bling God: awful: divme. 

Gudlv, ( god'li ) a. pious . 
ri;tnteou» ;— n. fcod'liuesa. 
piety : a reli"nouh life. 

GixUend. ( god »end ) n. an 
naexpec ed pi -< e of luck. 

G(Mi-^pi>cd. ( god liped ) M. 
gott'l-tftred , or kuci ess 

Goggle, (gufc'l'" I- to strain 
orioil thoeye*:— rt rolhngi 
ktaimg: proininfnt;— n. />/. 
gl^sM-sior the ryes : blind* 
for shying hu^^eh : a starer. 

Goitre. ( goi'ter ) m. an en- 
ktrgement of the tlivrokl 
glnnd, or swelled neck. 

Gold. ( i;6ld > ». a precious 
metal, of a bright and shin- 
hig j'cllow color, nliiiost a» 
soft a» lead, and the most 
malleable of nil metals : 
inon< y ; riches i—n. wjd- 
ftcn/ci', ainiker of goldleaf. 

Golden, (gold'n) u. made of 
gold : )tkc gold : sinning ; 
valuable : favorable : ex- 
cellent s happy t prosper- 
ous, ah the age of gold. 

Goldfinch. (>6ld'finsh) ii. a 
beautiful Mn^ng bird. 

Goldfish. ( gold'fiirh > n. a 
small gold-<*olo cd fish. 

Goldsmith, (gold'simth) ». a 
worker in gold and oilvcr. 

Gondola, ( gon'<l6-la ) m. a 
k)ng, nnrrow ples!<ure boat. 

Gong, (gnng) n. a circular 
piece of metal, producing, 
when struck, a bud handi 
sound J principally used 
in hotels to arouse guests. 

Good, (gud) cr. sound ; rahd; 
virtuous : pious ; palata- 
Trie ; kind : suitable : — n. 
that which promotes hap- 
piness ; advantagi' ; pros- 
perity ; virtue :—tnt. well ' 
right I— ». }»l. goods, any 
km<l of pergonal property. 

Goodliness, (gud'h-nes) h. 
beauty ; grace ; elegance. 

Goodly, (giid'li) «. beauti- 
ful : comely : pleasant 

Gooflnc's'. (gud'nes) n. ex- 
cellence : l)enevolenca. 

Good-will. (zoo<l-wir) n. be- 
nevolence ; well-wishing ; 
eustom of a business. 

Goose. (gooK) n. a genua of 
web-footed birds, wild or 
domestic: a tailor's sniooth- 
ing iron ; a eilly person. 

Oordian • kn >t, ( gor'di-an- 

not) n. luextneable diffi- 
culty : a knot tied by Oor- 
diUb. a Phrygian king, so 
tiiut no one could untie U. 

Gore. tg6r) m clotted blood : 
tn<(ngular piect- ot ciotli or 
land:— r. t. to stab with 
hornJT;— rt. go'ry. bloody. 

Gorge, (gori) n. the throat ; 
that Wflicli is hwalloAcd : 
a narrow |»M»agc between 
tiioiintams. Ac : a concave 
moulding :—i-. t or ». to 
glut : leetl greedily. 

Gorgeous, <por'jus> a. fine i 
splendid : showy : magnifi- 
cent -.—ad. gor'gcou.sTy ;— 
n. gor'geousncs*. glitter. 

Gorget, (gor'jet) h. military 
ornament ; surgtcnl knife. 

Gorgon. Igor'gun) »». mufh. 
a monster that petnfieu all 
who saw it ;— a. rery ngly. 

Gorilla, (gor-il'aj n. large au- 
thropoid , - 

mand) ». a glutton ; epi- 
cure; a. voracious greedy: 
— V. t. gor'niandize, to 
gorget n. gor'mandizer: n 
gor'mandizing. gliittououM 

Gorse. ( gors ) m. a thick 
prickly shrub ; furze. 

Gofhawk, ( gos'hawV ) n. a 
large voracious hawk. 

Gosling, (gos'ling) n. a little 
or young gciose: greenhorn. 

Gospel, (gos'|>el) n system 
of religious truth t Chns- 
tinn revelation ; the four 
Scriptural narratives of the 
hfe of Christ ;— a accord 
ing to the gospel. 

Gossamer. ( goaa-mer ) n. 
down or spider threads 
floating in th« air : silk. 

GoSMin, (gos'ip »/ onr who 
tattles; ullcf 
talk: -p. ». 
to tell Idle 
tales: to ehat;[ 
— n. or w.gos' 
siping :CT.gos' 
siny, chatty. 

Ooth. (goth) n. 

" Digitized 

by Google 

Bonne renommee yaut mieux qye [ Briiler la chandelle par Its deox 
ceinture doree. — ^A good name i bouts. — Burning the candle at 
Is better than a girdle of gold. I both ends. 

Blood is thicker than water. I A stitch in time saves nine. 




n barbarian j — a. goth'ie. 
denoting the race, Ian- 
gua;;c.fte.. of the GothR. or 
ail o\i\ style of urehitecture 
with hish pointed arches, 
eiuktcred coiuinns, &c. 

Guuze. (Kowj) M. a, chiset 
with a nollowed blade;— 
r. < to scoop out I to force 
out, M the eye with the 
thumb: to cheat 

Gourd, (g6rd) M a plant and 
It* fruit; the rincf. 

Gout, (itout) n. severe pains 
in jointsortocs j— a. gout'y 

Govern, ( jfuVern ) v (to 
ru'e ; rqpiiate t influence « 
tosdnuni&ter the laws i—a. 
Kov emable, manafeabie. 

Ooveraance, (guv'ern-ans) n. 
management: control. 

Governess, (guv'er-nes) ». a 
female who instructs. 

Government, fBuv'ern-mcnt) 
N fyntem of Taws ; the rul- 
ing power i self-restraint ; 
— « ffovemment'al. 

Governor, (guv'em-ur) n a 
ruler ; an executi*'e of a 
State : contrivance for reg- 
ulating steam ; a tutor. 

Gown, (gown) n. o woman's 
Ksrroent ; ofHcial robe. 

Grab, (grab) v. t. to seize ; to 
ho":d lust (vulgor). 

Grace. (grft<>) >i. favor; re- 
ligious affections ; a short 
Cyer; a trait: beauty: re- 
»ment : elegance ; three 
extra day 8 on a note i—pl. 
fine manners ; the three 
Graces; — I', t. to adorn; 
dignify : favor: Mess. 

Graceful, (giasful) a. easv 
and elegant : ad. gi-ace'f nl- 
ly :— n. grace'f ulness ;— a 
grace'less, rude; depi-aved. 

Gracious, (gra'shUH) a. con- 
descending: kind; merci- 
tul i—ad. gra'ciously, fa- 
vorably ;— rt. gra'noaime^, 
mercy; benignity— <to«w/ 
tfraei-n, favor: friendship. 

Gradation, (gra-d&'shun) n. 
regular progress ; oruer ; 
series:— CT. grada'tional. 

Grade (grid) h. a Ktepor de- 
gree in rank, order or dig- 
nity : the nse and descent 
of a road :— ». t. to form 
clasf^s I to level roads ;— a 
grn'dtenU nsmg with a reg- 
ular slop* ;— n. an incline ; 
the slope on a railroad, *c. 

Gradual, (grad u-al) a pro- 
ceeding slowly and step by 
step ;— m/ g^^d'ually. 

Graduate, (grad'u it) p. ^ to 
receive an acadennical de- 
gree;— 1>. /. to mark with de- 
grees ;— n one who has re- 
ceived a degree ;— n. grad- 
va'tion.a mirking with de- 
grees or int'hes, as a meas- 
ure : honorable termination 
of a college course ; syste- 
matic protcresMon. 

Graft, (graft) n. a scion in- 
serted in a stock i—v. t. to 
invert a scion or cuttings in 
another tree : to join. 

Grain. ( grin ) «. com ; a 
smsrle seed of any cereal 
phnt; a minute particle; a 
sni:i|l seed or weight ; tex- 
ture, or direction of the 
Teins in wood .— />/ roronins 
of malt ;—^o temper ; dis- 
position;— r.t. to granulate; 
to pai n t h k e grn ms of wood : 
—/I. graining, pan ting or 
tanning m grain ; — a. 
grimed, flniahed in imita- 
tion of wood : uneven. 

Gramineous, (gra-mm 'e-ui^) 
On'miuneoous, (oT^hus) n. 
like s -ass; grasey:— n. orfi- 
miii'etK. grasses ecnerally. 

Grumiiiivnrons, (jrram-m-iV- 
6-rus) o. subsisting on gran- 

Ommniar,(grani*or) «. art rr 
book which teaches the n-- 
Intions ot wo.ds to each 
other: science of speaking 
or writinsr correctly : any 
eleniontaiy work, kc.:—a. 
grammifical \—ad. gjuiii- 
mdt'ically, according to the 
rules, Ac, of grammar ;— n. 
gram*minan, a teacher or 
student of the science. 

Granary .(gran'ar-i) it. a store- 
house for gram, &c. 

Grand,(grand) <i. great: mag- 
niflcent: chief; lofty; no- 
ble « sublime ;—ad grand'- 
ly ;— ». grand' nesn ; — nn. 
grand-juror, grand • jury, 
jurors who sit on criminal 
cases and find indictments. 

Grandam. (gran'dam) m. a 
grandmother ; o!d woman. 

Grandee, (gran -d6')n a great 
man or noble : a magnate 

Grandeur,(grand iir) n. state; 
matrni^icence : loftiness of 
thoueht or deportment. 

Grandiloquence, (grand-il*- 

o-kwensl i». lofty speaking; 
a. gmnr/ll ofjueaf, Inflatea. 

Grandstre. Cgrand'sir) n. a 
grandfather ; ancestor. 

Grandson, (grnnd'sun) n. a 
son or daughter's son. 

Orange, (gionj) n. a farm 
with its appurtenances : m 
V. S. associations of farm- 
ers and otiiers to buy di- 
rectly f .'om mannfacturers, 
to bell to (onhuinen, and 
to n.i&s laws against high 
railroad freight ratca. 

Granite, (gran-it) ». a stone 
composed of quarts, fcld- 
spir. kc.;—a. gran'rtic. 

Granivorous. (;rran-lv-or-us) 
o, eHtins grain or seeds. 

Grunt. (g!-ant) v. t. to admit ; 
be-tow ; yield :— n. a thing 
granted; gift ; boon: qi-ohU 
«•', the receiver ; grcitU'pr, 
maker of a conveyance. 

GrDnul8r.(gran'(i-lar) a. like, 
or cor si -ting of grains ;— n 
gran'ule. a particle. 

Granulate, (gran'u-lit) ». t. or 
?. to form or break into 
grains or granules; to raise 
into small asperities ;— ». 
granula'tion, act or result 
of forming into grains ; 
conversion of metals or 
flour into small globules. 

Grape, (grip) a. the fruit of 
the vine :— 
odjs. era'- 
pv.madc of, 
hlce, or full 
of grapes ; 
grape ' less, 
wa nt i n r 
the strragth 
and flavor of the grape ;— 
». grnp'ery, a place where 
grapes are grown. 

Grape-shot, (grip'shot) ». a 
combination of small shot 
fired m a bag and scatter- 
ing a« they fall. 

Graphic, graphical, (grarik- 
a1) a. pertaining U> writing 
or delineating ; 
descriptive; pic- 
turesque; — ad. 
idly;— « iifa}ih'' 
^u, a mineral, 
rhieflr of car- 
bon, (orpennl*. ^ 

Grapnel, (prap'- • 
nel ) M. anchor! 
a grappling iron 


by Google 

Barato (Lo) es caro.— What is 

dear is cheap. 
Big fish swallow the little fish. 

{i, e^y a mammoth concern or 

corporation "has no soul, ** and ' 
overshadows or swallows up 
smaller enterprises). 
A poor man's table is soon spread. 




Gmjii.lo, (jfnip'l) P. <• to lay 
faid holii of 5 — 1\ I. to con- 
tcntl liand to hand;— n. a 
wrestler's hold ; a graa^; % 

hook; a. ^rap'phHg^'vitiviM 

Grajip, (gra»p) r. i. neize and 
hold J catch ot:|?ripcor en- 
crc»cli; — H. gnpc of the 
hand or arms ; poKncsaion ; 
, hold : leacliof thouj;ht or 
copucity o£ the mind ;— a. 
gixi*iiiiig, covetous ? rapa- 
cio"u»:--», fcizure ;tt3"inj 
to Bcize: ii.(7/tt«/>'«r.onc^Jtcc 

GrsKS, (erait) m. herbage; 
pranta xor cattle;— p. <. to 
cover with graw; a. grau'v. 

Grassiness (gra*'i- iu'»> *j. 
abounding; with grass x—<t. 
•gridLM-giiiiviu, %/ituU'green^ 
grown over or green with 
grass: grafs'te.Mi, wanting 
grMSi—im. ffraffhopi)ci\ in- 
sect of the irrnus Tettiac; 
groBS-pJot. a grassy lawn. 

Grate, (grit) v. t. or «. to rub 
hard ; to iret ; to ofTeiid i 
to make a han«k noise ;— 
tjpr. and <i. grating, rasp- 
ing the nerve* ; lacerating 
the feelings ;—atl. grating- 
ly ;— «. Krate or grating, a 
partition made of bars, 
within which fires are 
made ; lattice for windows 

Grateful, (grafrul)<t. haring 
a sense of benefits ; thank- 
ful 1 pleasing; acceptable ; 
■delightful ; delicious;— or/. 
grate'fuUy ;— rt. «mte'ful- 
ness, gratitude ; aelkrht. 

Grater, (grifcr) «, a file or 
instrument for rasping. 

OratiflcatioiL, C^mt-^-i'-kA- 
shun) «. pleasure; delight; 
reward ; recompense. 

Onuify, (grafi-f li r. t. to in- 
dulge; please: nuranr; de- 
-light; soothe ;— w. o. grat'i- 
fymg, pleasing;induTging. 

G ratitudcU^grart •tud)M. duty 
to bcnetactors; thankful- 
TiesH ; return of benefits. 

Gratuitoua, (gra-td'i-tus) a. 
free « voluntary ; without 
reward ; wilbout reason or 
proof ;— «i/.gratti'itou»ly. 

Omtuity, < pfa-tu'i-ti ) n. a 
giftwnythi ng freely given ; 
— aft. gratia^, for nothing. 

Gratulation. (grat-n-lfc'shun) 
ji. ailntations made bv ex- 
pressing joy ; wishing joy ; 
— w. t. grat'ulatc. to congrat- 

ulate another on a hapt j 
event ;— <i. grat'ulatory. 

Gravamen, (grav'4-nien) ii. 
the girt of a charge or poll it 
where it bears ; iiressure. 

Grave, (grtv ) n. pit or exca- 
vated place for the <lend ; 
—Jg. aeath ; — «. serious ; 
sober t slow ; weighty ; 
solemn ; not gay or sharp 
of sound ;— r. I. to write or 
delmeate on hard sub- 
stances;— n. grav'er. a tool ; 
— atl. grave'Ty, soberly ; — 
n*. ifi-«ire'nes.\ seriousness ; 
graoe-9t»nt. monument. 

Gravel, (grav'el) h. pebbliAi ; 
sandy matter concreted in 
the kidneys \—v. t. to cover 
with gmrei ; — a. grav'elly. 

Gravitate, (grav'i-til) v. i. to 
tend toward the center ;— 
»8. rravita'tion, force or 
weight by whicli bodies 
f al towards the earth ; gra'- 
vitif, wcightof guilt; sobri- 
ety ? heaviness ; tendency 
downward: o.gravita'ting. 

Gravy, ( gri'vi ) «. natiirul 
juice oicookcd meat; fat. 

Gray, Grey, (gr4> a. white 
witk blacV; gray-headed ;— 
tu hoary color ; horse of a 
gray color ; — M. gray'ncss; 
—a. giay'i.«.h. slightly gray. 

Graze.<gr*z) r.f.toeatg-ass; 
to supply grass ; to touch, 
shave, or strike lightly :— n. 

Eraz'ini;, denoting grass- 
ind or the stock on if;—*, 
graz'icr. cattlo-grower. 
Grease. (gr£K} n. soft animal 
fat ; — r. /. to smear with 
grease:— /fjf. to bribeor cor- 
rupt with presents; — a. 
grea«'y,f at ; oily; «. greas'i- 

iicss, oilinvs!>; <nl. greaa'ily. 
rcat, (grat) «. large; vastj 

Great, (grat) a. largi 
important ; principal : em- 
inent; .noble ; inngnani- 
tnous; adoraldc; awful; n. 
the whole ; the gniss x—ad. 
Ifrcatiy, largely ; nobly ;— 
JI. grcat'ness, eruinencc ; 
inagnanimiiy ; vainness. 

Greedy, (gred \)a. ravenous; 
vorticiouH; eaeer to obtain; 
vehemently desirous ;—at/. 
greedily ; — w. greed'iness. 

Greek, (grdk^ n. a native or 
language of Greece ; artor 
literature thence derived; 
obscure ; unintelligible. 

Green, (gren) a. of the color 

of growing plants : fresh ; 
new ; not dry ; not ripe : 
immature ; inexperienced: 
— «. a green color: a grassy 
plot;— ri. groeH'i^h ; — «i/. 
grecniy;—«. green 'uess ;— 
a. agven-cffeir, suspicio;;* ; 
Jealous ;— M«. ^reeu-haiH, a 
r«w, inezperienc<^d youth : 
ffftei^Jiowie^ a house for 
presminjf plants ; greem'- 
<wortMurf<>n which grass 
grows ; 8o4ded land. 

Greet, (gr£t) v. I. to salute ; 
congmtulnte ; address. 

Greeting, (grct'ing)«. a salu- 
tation« compliments. 

Gregarious, <gre-ga ri-us) a. 
gomg in flocks or herds. 

Grenade. (gi«-nid')N. a ball 
filled with explosives. 

Greyhound, (^rft'hound) m. 

Gridiron. ( grid'Mm ) n. a 
jrratefor broiling on. 

Grief, (gTif)t». pain: sorrow; 
trouble; mounting. 

Grievance, (grev'ans) n. 
wrong suffered; injury. 

Grieve, (gr*v) r. «.or t. tO la- 
n« It; mourn; atflict; vex. 

Grievous, (grev'uti) a. pain- 
ful ; afflictive ; heinouM ; 
hurtful ;—afl. gri£v'ously. 

Grill, (gril:(r.f. to broil. 

Grini. ( grim ) <i. ferocious ; 
liideoud; ugly; ill-looking; 
— <ul. griAily. sourly ;— /i. 
grim'ness frightfuln'css of 
visage; sour tcmiier. 

Grimace, (gri'mis) «. a wry 
mouth ; affectation. 

Grimalkin, (gd-nul'kin) n. 
an old tame cat. 

Grime, (grim) r. /, to auUy 
deeply ;— M. ingrained di.-t. 

Grin, (grin) v. t. to set tlie 
teeth and open the lips ;— 
N. a drawing back the lips 
in laughter or in anger. 

Grind, (grind) r. /. [pret. 
groundjto rub ; to ^liarpen 
or make smooth ; to reduce 
to powder ; to oppress ;— 
n. ariml'stone^tk circular re- 
volving stone to sharpen 
tools on.— Put the noae to 


by Google 

B^sser ohae Abeadessen m Bet- 
te gfehen, als mit Schulden auf- 
stehen. — Better go to bed with- 
out supper than rise with debts. 

A still tongue makes a wise head. 

Bacio di bocca spesso cuor non 
tocca.~A kiss of the lips does 
not always touch the heart. 




the qrintlstone, U to let one 
hard to work t to make one 
feel the weight of care. 

Grinder, ( grtnd'er ) n. one 
wlio grind* : a back tooth. 

Oripc, (grip) r. t. to ieirc ; 
hold liard; pinchtMueexe; 
to give pain to the bowels ; 
n. a squeeze ; a graip ; op- 
pression \—na. grip, a tight 
hold; (frip'er. an oppreiKor: 
an cxtortioneri — a.grip'iug, 
catching i eonvub'ive j — 
ar/.grip ingly, with rain. 

Ori8ctte,(gri-zet') ii.« French 
wurk-wouian or gay girl. 

Grisly, (gi-iz'li) a. horrible ; 
fri^htiui : hideous. 

Gri«t, (grist) ii. com or grain 
to be ground: supply; pro- 
vision. -t-(?#'i»r to the mill, 
protit : means of gain. 

Gri«tlo. OriiH'l)M. cartilage ;— 
a. grist! v,(gri8'li) tough. 

Grit, (grit) n. sand; rough, 
hard particles ;/</. courage; 
perseverance ;—ns. grit$,the 
coarse partof meal or flours 
grit'tiness. sandiness ; — a. 
irrifty, full of grits. 

Grizzle, (griz'l) «. gray ;— 
with gray j grizz'ly, gray. 

Groan, (g) An) i'. i. to breathe 
or sign in pain or Rorrow ; 
— n. a deep ^i^h : nny dull, 
hoarse, dead «)nnd 5 gfoan'' 
triff, lamentation ; a sigh. 

Groats, (gruwts) n. pi. oats 
coar»el V gronnd ; meal. 

Grocer, (gfOs'er) n. a dealer 
in sugar, tea, spices, See. 

Grojr, (grog) m. strong spirit^. 

Gro^mni, ( gro' gram ) h. a 
stuff of silk and mohair. 

Groin, ( groin ) m. the part 
next above the thigh. 

Groom, (gt'oom) ». a servant 
who tends hordes, &c.; a 
man newly married. 

Groove, (groov) n. a hollow ; 
a channel cut by a tool ;— 
i>. t. to cut a furrow. 

Gropo, (grdp) r. L to search 
by feeling in the dark. 

Gross, (grOs)a.thick; bulky; 
indelicate ; coarse ; stupid ; 
fat ;— fi. the main body 1 
Che bulk : twelve dozen. 

Grossly, (grdsii) art. palpa- 
bly ; coarsely ; bulkily. 

Grossness,(grOs'net) n. thick- 
ness ; coarseness ; want of 
refinement 1 enormity. 

Grotto, (grot'td) n. a cavern ; 
a cave made for coolness. 

Grotesque, ( grd - tesk' ) a. 
wiWly formed; whimsical; 
fantastic t ludicrous : — n. 
wild deoign of an artist ;— 
ad. grotesquc'lv, oddly. 

Ground, (ground) n. earth i 
land : territory; floor ; bot- 
tom: foundation ; first prin- 
ciple ; first hint or traces ; 
principal color ; dregH, lees 
or grounds ;— f. 1. or 1. to 
place or fix ; to foun<l ; to 
settle ; to run aground %— 
ti». gmiuid-plot, »itu of a 
buildings grotmd-rcnt, pay- 
ment for use of a site ; 
ground -tcoi'k; foundation ; 
flf-st principle; beginning. 

GioundlcMS, (gruunuies) a. 
void of reason or founda- 
tion ',—ad. ground'icssly. 

Group, (groop) m. clu^ter^ 
collection { a small assem- 
blage ;— »'. t. to form into a 
knot orcluster ;— n. gronjt'' 
in<j. dispoKiug fignreii, &c. 

GrouscfgrouK)!!. heath fowl. 

Grove, (grov) m. a small 
woo-l s a cliiKter of trees. 

Grovel, (grovel) «>. t. to creep 
on thf earth ; to lie prone ; 
to be mean ;— a.grov elling. 

Grow, (grd) r. t. or i. to vege- 
tate ; to increase ; to raise 
by culture ; to improve ; 
to advance j to extend ; to 
become ; — ii.«. grow'er, a 
fanner ; grow'tng, vegeta- 
tion : nrogrcKsion of time ; 
growth, increase in size, 
numbers, or frequency ; 
profliiets improvement 5 
vegetable life;— o. growing 

Growl, (growl) r. t. or 1. to 
snarl ; to grumble ; — n. a 
cross murmur; dog*s fnarh 

Grub, (grub) n. a small worm 
that eats holes in bodies, 
*c.; a dwarf 5--P. t. to dig 
up by the roots i work hard 

Grudge, (gruj) w. t. or i. to 
envy ; see any advantage 
of another with jealousy ; 
murmur; repine; be re- 
luctant ;— n. spite ; envy ; 
ill-will i—nd. grudg'ingly, 
unwillingly ;—N. grudg'ing, 
discontent ; reluctance. 

Gruel, (gru'el) n. boiled oat 
meal, pearl barley, or grits. 

Gruff, (gruf) a. stem ; sour ; 
rally; harsh;— «uf. frulf'ly. 

Grumble, (gruurbl) r. 1. to 
munnur ; growl ; make a 
hoarse rattle s— ms. grumb'- 
Icr. grunib hng | /rtun,§oux. 

Grunt, (gruut) v. i. to mur- 
mur as a hog ; to croan i— 
R. the sound of anog;— n. 
grunting, uttering grunts. 

Guaiacum. (gwa'ya-kum; r. 
resin of lignuni-vit«. 

Guano, (gwi'nd) n. accumu- 
lated excrement of sea- 
birds used as manure. 

Guarantee, (gar-an-t*) v. t. to 
warrant t to make sure ; to 
indemnify 1 — n. surety for 
performance ; stipulation 
for any engagement. 

Guard, (gard) n. a watch; de- 
fence ; security ; state of 
caution or vigilance: check; 
limit ition ; caution of ex- 

}>reiit>iou | posture of de- 
ence;— r. t. to watch; pro- 
tect ; shield ; secure ;— arf. 
guantrxJly, cantioasly. 

Guardian, (gdrd'i-an) n. one 
who has the care of an or- 
phan, or stands in the pLice 
of parents ; one hfiving the 
care and presei-vation of 
anything :— a. defending ; 
— «. guard'ianship. 

Gudgeon, (guj'un) n. a fish ; 
a pin on which a wheil 
turns ; one easily cheated. 

Guerdon, (ger'dun) n. a re- 

ward ; r. t, to recompense. 
Suerrilla, (ger-ril'a) a. irreg- 
ular warfare ;— h. a par- 

tisan soldieror band. 

Guess, (ges) v. t. to conjec- 
ture ; to hit upon by acci- 
dent ;— <i. a conjecture. 

Guest, (gest) u. a visitor en- 
tertained with hospitality. 

Guide, (gtd) v. (. to lead ; di- 
rect ; regulate ;— n. he who, 
or that wliich, directs one 
in his way or conduct ; a 
rule of life or conscience ; 
— M. guid'ance »— a. guide'- 
less,ainilcs8;— n. gutae-jiatt, 
a sign where roads meet. 

Guild, (gild') N. a society, Ac. 

Guile, (gll) N. wile; cunning ; 
deceit ; artifice ; subtilty ; 
—a. guilc'ful, wily ; insid- 
ious ; artful ;— o'/. guile- 
fully ;— a. guile'lcM. artless. 

Guillotine, (gil-ki-ten) ». a 
machine for beheading ;— 
V. (. to decapitate. 

Guilt, (gilt) n. criminality 1 


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Bene qui conjiciet, VAtem hanc 
perhibebo optimum. — I shall 
always consider the best guess- 
er the best prophet. — Cicero. 

Boi^is nocet quisquis pepereerit 
maIis.-*-He hurts the good 
who spares the bad. — S yrus. 

A slothful man never has time. 




sin ; offence ;— n. guilti- 
ness: rr. guiU'leu,innoccnt. 
Guittv, (jfilt'i) a. criminiili 
wicxcd ; base ; conscious. 
Guinea, (cin'i)».old Eujjiish 

goUl com, value ♦•*». 
Guise, (.?l7.) n. appearance ; 

behavior} custom; curb. 
Guitar, (gi-tar) n. a stringed 
ment of 
M.a recess 
or inden- 
tation in 
the »ca- 
coa»t ; an 
ab^ss ; ft whirlpool 5 any- 
thing insatiable; a. gulfy. 
Gull, (pul) r. t. to cheat ; to 
deceive ; — vn. one easily 
cheated ; a trick :— a. gul- 
lible ;-M. gullibility. 
Gullet, (gul'et) N. throat. 
Gully, (gul'i) R. a channel 

worn by rushing water. 
Gulp« (gulp) i*. /. to swallow 

eagerly ;— «. a swallow. 
Gum, (gum ) n. the fleihy 
substance inclosing the 
teeth ; vincous juice of cer- 
tain trees, &c.; — r. t. to 
close, seal, or smear with 
gum ; — a. gum'my ; — n, 
gum'miness. of the nature 
of gum; thick; heavy ;—n. 
f/um-'wV, a boil on the gum. 
Gumption, (gump'shun) m. 

pIirewdncRs ; sense. 
Gnn.(gun) h. a general name 
for h rearms; tis. gunn'er.a 
canuouicri one who ihoots 

HA, ex. denrting Burprite, 
Joy, or grief ;--Aa.' ha! 
luighter (from the sound). 

riabefis Corpus, ( hft'be-as- 
kor'pu'i) n. a writ releasing 
a pr{s<mer from jail and to 
b ing htm into court. 

Haberdasher, ( hab'er-dash- 
er) N. a dealer in small 
wnres, as ribboni, tapcs,&c. 

Habit, ( habit ) n. ordinary 
eoursa of conduct ; prac- 
tice; cuMtotu: tendenciesof 
ttougbtor action; dress 1 a 

game ; gunn'ery. science of 
artillery ; giui'colfon, cot- 
ton-wool made explosive 
bychemicaiR; gun'fhot, the 
range or distance shot by a 
gun !— a. made by the sliot 
of a gun : gim'inHith, a gun- 
makcr;r/"'M'ocA'.handie of. 

Guii|M>wdcr, (gun'pow-iler) 
n. an explosive made of 
saltpetre, snlnhur. and 
charcoal, mixecl. dried, and 
granulated to u.«e in guns. 

Gunwale, (gun-w4l) n. piece 
of timber on each side of a 
ship between the half -deck 
and the forecastle. 

Gurgle, (gur'gl) v.i. to run as 
water with a purling, bub- 
bling noise ;— o. gurgling. 

Gush, (gush) »•. I. to rush out 
as a nuid ;•— ». emission of 
liquor, blood or words in a 
quantity at once;— p. a. 
gnsh'ing, breaking forth 
with a gush; ebullient; ex- 
uberant ; demonstrative in 
sentiment and feeling. 

Gusset, (gu6'et)n^.ftn angular 
piece ot cloth at the upper 
end of shirt sleeves. 

Gust, (gust) n. a sudden blast 
of wind ; a violent burst of 
passion ; relish ; intellect- 
ual taste ; — m. gtu'to, retish; 
taste; liking; — a. guji'ty. 
stormy ; tempestuous. 

Gut, (2ut) M. the intestinal 
canal; stomachand bowels; 
a narrow passage ;— r. t. to 
plunder of contents, etc. 

Gutta-percha, (gnt'a-per-cha) 
n. an inspissated secretion, 


tight-Htting dress, with a 
IongBkirt,woni by ladieson 
horseback ;— <'. t, to drcM ; 
— »». ;»/. habiliments, dress. 

Uabitable.(habit-a-bl)a. that 
may be dwelt m ;— n. hab'- 
itablenejii;— nr/. habitably . 

Habitation, (hab-i-tfshun ) n. 
place of abode : residence. 

Habitual, (ha-bit'u-al) tu ac- 
quired by habit; custom- 
ary x—off. habirually. 

Habituate, (ha4>if Q-it) v. (. 
to accustom) to cause to 

akin to Indian rubber, 
abundant in Malacca. &c. 

Gutter, (gut'er) n. a passage 
for water; channel; leader. 

G'ltternl, (gut'ir-al) a. be- 
longing to, or pronounced 
in, the throat ; deep; gruff. 

Guy, (gl) N. a rope to keep a 
body steady ; a person who 
is a laughing-stock. 

Guxzle, (guzT) r. 1. or (. to 
swallow much and often. 

Gymnasium, (jim-nft'zi-um) 
H. a place or schio! for 
gymnastics, and the higher 
branches of literature and 
science t—pl. gymnA'isia. 

Gymnastic. |im-naj«iik) n. 
pertaining to athletic exer- 
cises for health. *c.;— n. 

, *i"1f- gymnnsiics. the art of 
athletic exercises; ml. gym- 
nasilcally ; — ». ggm'nnst^ 
one who teadies or prac- 
tices athletic exercises. 

Gyneocrasy. ( jin-«.ok'ra-«i ) 
n. government by women. 

Gypsum, (jip'sum) n. plaster 
stone, usenas manure; sul- 
phate of linii ;— when cal- 
cined it is plaster of Paris. 

Gyrate, (jl-rfit r. i. to move 
spirally, towhiil round a 
central point ; — a. in 6of., 
moving round ;— n. gyri'- 
tion, a circular motion. 

Gyre, (jlr) n. a whirling. 

Gyrfalcon, or Gier. (j^r'faw- 
KU) n. a large falcon found 
in northern regions. 

Gyve, (jiv) w. a fetter, esp. 
one to confine the legs ;— 
!>/. gyves j— ». «. to fetter. 

acquire a kabit t— n. hab'- 
itude. tendency to certain 
actions ; usual manner. 

HabiUt.(habit-at) n. in nat. 
hi»t, and 60/.. the natural 
abode or locality of an ani- 
mil or plant ; dwelling. 

Hagien'cfa. n.. ^/u., isolated* 
farmhouse and lands. 

Hack, (hak) i>. t. to cut awk- 
wardly; notch; cough; u. m 
clumsy cut: a horar and 
coach for hire; a literary 
or other drudge ; a cough. 


by Google 

Bonus animus in mal4 re, dimidi> 
um est mall. — Courage in dan- 
ger is half the battle. 

Borrow and come to sorrow. 

Behold the child, by Nature's 
kindly law, pleased with a rat- 
tle, tickled with a straw. — Pope. 

A sin confessed is half forgiven. 




Haekliiir. (Twlclng) a. short 
■hnrp Kouiid, a* id p couKh. 

Uackle. (Uak'l) r. f. to coniD, 
M flax or hemps — n. a 
hatchel or comb for flax, 
*c.( 9 feather in a cock's 
neck i a fly dressed with 
feathers for Bugling. 

Hacknej. (hak'nl) n. a horse 
or coach for hire ;^-a. let 
for hire; common; v. t. use 
much: n. hackneyed, trite. 

Bad, (had) jnet. and pu. of 
Have: held, possessed. 

Haddock, (had uk> n. • aea 
fish of the cod kind. 

Hades, (hrdez) n. the invtat- 
ble ; the abode of the dead. 

Raft, (haft) n. the handle. 

Hag,(hac) n.a witchi a fury. 

Haraaru. ( hog'ard )a. lean ; 
thin: hoilow-eyea; i^astly. 

BagRle, ( hag'l ) v. i. to 
mangle in cutting i to be 
stow in bargainings to stick 
at trifles s—n. hagg'ler. 

Hagiographa (baj •i-og'ra-f i) 
n. Job, Psalms Proverbs, 
ftc; twelve Books of O. T. 

Ilail, (hal) II. froten ram or 
moisture ;— v. t. to call t to 
salute: to fall as icy masses; 
— n. a wish of health \—ti, 
ftail-*tonet a ball of hail. 

Hair, (hir) n. one or mora 
lilaments growing: from the 
skin or covering the head i 
—a. haiKlesK, buld ; bare. 

Hair-breadth. (IUir'bredth;ii. 
r ery small distance. 

Hai- 'of h,( har-kloth) n. cloth 
mauj tiiefly of Uor<te iiair 

Httir-si.-li<:ing, Char'split-ing) 
H. the practice of makmg 
minute distinctions. 

Uair-btroke, (hir'st'^k) n. a 
very fine Inie in writing. 

Hairy, (h&r't) a. full of. or 
nindeof hair; n. haiKmess. 

Halberd, dial herd) n. a wea- 
A pon consisting of 
■ *" A^* ^^^ heavy 

dagger fixed on a 

pole (ancient). 

Halcy<N^ ( hal'si'Un ) 

a. cairn: peaceful; 

happy. '•Hnlcyon- 

dait*, a time of 

peace and Joy. 

^ _ Bale, ( hdl > a. r». 

^biMli healthy ; aound. 

Half, (htf> n. one of two 

-.•qual pMtat— a. being m 

parti — <uf. in pprtt im- 

perfectly ; —jtl. Halves :— 
aHif. M/^biTf/. wantmg in 
renneilieiit; ha(f-wav. mid- 
way t-^ft. at half the. dis- 
tance i imperfectly : kalf- 
wated, having only half 
the ordinary wit or intel- 
lect 1 silly : -us. half-blood. 
an Indian, ftc, who is halt 
white t a relation by one 
parent ; half-pay, small or 
reduced wages; ha1f-j)enny, 
£ng. com equal toone cent 

Halibut, (halibut) n. tlie 
largest kind of flat flsh. 

Hall, (hawl) n. entrance of a 
house ; a public room t col- 
lege I a court house. 

Halleluiah, (hal-le-ia'ya) n. 
a song, praiseye the I^rds 
also written Hallelujah. 

Hulloo, (halloo) V. t. or I. to 
cry out; to exclaim; — ». 
a shout to excite attention. 

Hallow. (hal'O) v. t. (o conse> 
crate to religious uses. 

Hallucination, (hal lA-sin4i'> 
ahun)ti. a wandenngof the 
mind; dalusion; error; in 
med., perception of things 
that do not exist. 

Halo, (h&'l6) n. a lumtnons 
circle round the aun or 
moon.caused by the refrac- 
tion of light tlirough mist : 
in pamt.t the brisht ring 
round theheads of holy per- 
sons i a gtory surrounding 
an object of affection, love 
or reverence ;—;>/. Halds. 

Halt, (hawlt) v. t. or (. to 
limp : to atop, or cause to 
■top ;— a. lame i crippled ; 
—ft. a stopping ; a limping; 
— n., a. hult'ing, hesitating. 

Halter, (hawlferj n, e strap 
and headftull for a horse; 
a rope to hang murderers ; 
—V. t. to put a halter on. 

Halve, (hav) t'. t. to divide 
into two equal parts. 

Halyard, (halyard ) n. rone to 
raise or lower sails. 

Ham, ( ham) n. thteh of a hog 
salted and smoked ; inner 
b«nd of the knee i the hip. 

Hames. (himz)ii. pi. iron or 
wooden lastenines around 
collars, to which the traces 
of a horse are attached 

Hamlet. (hamlet) n. villaget 
cluster of country houses. 

Hamnier. (hamer) m. a tool 
for driving nails, Jkc; tht 

part of a clock that strikes 
the hell : the tMton of an 
auetioneert— r.t. to drive or 
•hape with a hammer i to 
shape by mental labor. 

Hammock, ( ham'uk ) «. « 
hanging bed or netting. 

Hamper, (ham per) n. large 
basket for conveying pro- 
duce : a fetter t-v.t to 
perf)lex; entangle ; hinder 

Hamstring, (hamstring) n. 
the tendons of the ham t— 
r. t. to lame the tendon. 

Hanaper. ( haua-p^r ) n. a 
large, atrong bosket for 
packing crockery, etc. 

Hand, (hand) n. the palm 
with the fingers ; pointer 
of a clock or watch ; man 
ner of writing; a workman; 
perfonnnnce; skill; posses- 
sion; side; direction;— o (. 
to give ; to deliver i to lead. 

Hand-liook. (hand'book) ft. a 
gutde-bcok ; a manual. 

Hand-hill. ( hand'-bil ) n. a 
single sheet, with some an- 
nouncement to post up, &c. 

Handcuff, ( hand kuf ) it. a 
fetter for the hand ;— *. t. 
to put handcufis on. 

Haudful. (handful) n. Tcry 
little; as much as fills tlM 
hand ^^pL baud'f uls. 

Band'icap, v. t. to equalize 
tlie chances of succt'b*. 

Handicraft, (hand'i-kr&ft) n. 
manual occupation, hitiuf' 
ttvorilr, i'e>'(l ; eO''leof work. 

Handkerchief. « hfingk er- 
chif ) N. a piece of lintni or 
silk for the face or neck. ^ 

Handle.(hand'l) v t. to touch, 
hold, or use with the hand: 
manage: treat of; practi»c: 
to master :— m. the port bv 
which a tiling is held;— /jfir 
that of which use is made. 

Handmaid, (or en) (hand'- 
mad) n. a female servant. 

Httidsome. ( hand'suni \ a. 
graceful: moderately beau« 
tifjil: liberal; seemly ; gen- 
erous ; ample ^-ac/. hana'> 
aomely ; luluuid'someiMn. 


by Google 

Who steals my purse steals trash; 
'twas mine, 'tis his, and has 
been slave to thousands; he who 
filches from me my good name. 

robs me of that which not en- 
riches him, but makes me poor 
indeed.— Shakespeare. 
A stone in a well is not lost. 




nandspikc, (hand'splk) n. a 
bar or wooden lever. 

Haiulwriting, ^hand'rlt-ing) 
n. the style ot writing pe- 
culiar to each penion. 

llandv, (hand'i) a. skillful ; 
readv to the iiand : — ad. 
huud'ily ;— «. hand'mess. 

niiig. (hang) V. t. ort. to sus- 
pend; to decorate a wall 
with pictures, &c.t to put to 
death by hanging i tu fail i 
to be suspended; todepeud; 
rest for support ; to be in 
suspense; to linger; — rw. 
hang'iugftfdraperyor pauer 
hung to or put on walls ; 
hang'man, executioner. 

Hanger, (hang'er) n. a short 
brond-Bword, incurvated. 

Hanger-on, (hnng'er-on) n. a 
servile dependent ; a bore. 

Uituk, (hansk) ». skeins of 
thruad tied together. 

nmker, (liaugk'er) o. i. to 
lungfnr with eagerness ; a. 
M. hMn'kering,eagercraving 

Hap, ( hap ) n. that which 
comes suddenly; accident. 

Hap-hazard, (hap-hax'ard) n. 
a chance; acciaent. 

B.ipless, (hap'lcs) a. nnhap- 

{»y ; unlucky ; — ad$. hap'- 
essly ; haply, casually. 

Happen, (hap'n) v. t. to fall 
out ; come unexpectedly. 

Happy, (hap'i; a. enjoying 
or poftsessinn pleasure or 
gooil ; secure of good ; fur- 
nishing enjoyment; lucky; 
dexterouH j—oJ. happ'ily ; 
— M. happ'inefts. felicity. 

Ilanmgue, ( ha-rang' ) n. a 
popiiinr, pompous address; 
aiuoratiun ;— t*. ». to m-.ike 
a uoiny speech to a crowd. 

Ilanuw, (har'ait) v. t. to bur- 
den ; perplex; weary ; tire 
with im|K>rtunity;— a. har*- 
a^Hiug. teasing ; worrying. 

Harbinger, (har'bin-jcr) n, a 

' forerunner; precursor. 

Harbor, (har'bur) it. haven 
for ships; anv refuge or 
shelter i—v. t. to lodge ; se- 
crete: indulge, as thoughts. 

Udrd. fh&rd) cut. close; near; 
wi(n urgency or difficulty; 
•amestUr ; forciblv ; — a. 
Urm; solid; diffienitt pain- 

: f ul ; urgent ; unf aaling ; 

^f Mvere: stiff t oonstraineu i 

, <* eoretous;— 41. hard'ness. 

-Ibrden, (hAfd'n) v. f. or 

make or grow hard; to 
make insensible t confirm 
in wickedness;— a. hard' 
hearted, unfeeling ; cruel. 

Hardly, (hard'Ii) ad. with 
difficulty ; scarcely t harshly 

Hardship, (hard'sh'ip) n. se- 
vere toil j oppressftm. 

Hardware, < hard ' wir ) ti. 
wares made of iron, ftc. 

Hardy, ( hard'i J a. strong ; 
brave ; bold i inured to fa- 
tigue or exposure ; confi- 
dent ^-ad. nard'ily ;— «a. 
hard ' ihood, hard ' iness, 
strength ; excess of confi- 
dence; impudence. 

Hare, (hir) 4. a small timid 
animal, very nwift. 

Hare-brained, (h&r'brind) a. 
wild ; giddy; heedless. 

Harelip, (hOKlip) u. a divid- 
ed lip like a hareV. 

Harem, f hi'reni) n. pluVality 
of wives in the EoKt. 

Haricot, (har'i-kd) n. small 

Cieces of mutton, partly 
oiled, and then fried with 
vecetnbleH ; kidney bean. 

Hark, (h&rk) tvt. hear! listen I 

Harleouin, (h4r'lc-kwm) n. 
a buffoon ; the chief char- 
acter in a imntomime. 

Hariut, (har'lot) n. a lewd 
woman ; a prostitute. 

llarm,(harm) n. injury ; hurt; 
moral wrong ;— 1». /. to in- 
jure t—a. harm'ful, injuri- 
ous ;—ad. harm'f ullv ;— h. 
harm'f ulness : — o. narm'- 
Icss, innocent t—od. harni'- 
IcsHly";— tt. hann'lessneiis. 

Harmonics, (har-tnon'iks) n. 
pL the science of musical 
sounds ; consonHUces. 

Harmonious, (har-mA'ni-us) 
a. symmctrioil; accordant; 
living in friendnhip, Ac; 
musical ; — ad. harmo'ni- 
ously ; — n«. hanno'niou»- 
ness, concord ; har'monist, 
a musical composer. 

Harmonize, (har'mon-iz) v. 
t. or I. to make or be in 
concord ; to cause to agree. 

Harmony,(hAr'm&-ni)n. con- 
cord ; agreement ; adjust- 
ment of parts so as to form 
a connected whole; — a. 
hannonic,(alX musical ; con- 
sonant; o^f. harmonically. 

Harness, (h&r'nes) m. furni- 
ture for a horse, fte.i— v. 
(. to put on harness; equip. 

Harp, (h&rp) n. instrument 
of music;— 
V. u to play 
on a harp t 
to dwell te. 
diou ily 
upon any- 
tiling;— M. 
harp' trig, a dwelling on. 

Harpoon, ( har-iMon ) n. a 
barbed spear for whaling ; 
—V. t. to strike with a har- 
poon;— a. harpoon'er. 

Harpy, (h&r'pi) n. in mytA., a 
hideous, rapacious mons- 
ter, half bird and half wo- 
man ; an extortioner. 

Harrow, (har'6) n. an instru- 
men t 


ing the 
sou ; — 
V. t. to break with a bor- 
row ; to harass ; to tease ; 
to agiUte the feelings. 

Harsh, (harsh) a. abusive ; 
bitter ; severe ; jarrina: ; 
rugged; rough: mAhareh'- 
ly :— «. harsh'nesn. scveritv. 

Harslet, ( liirsit ) «. heart, 
liver and lights of n hog. 

Hart, (hirO n. a stag cr mala 
deer: fnn. hind. 

Hartshorn, (harts'liom) n. a 
solution of ammonia. 

Harvest, (har'vcBt) h. lUe sea- 
son for gathering ri|»e 
grain or fruitH ; the crop 
reaped; the product of any 
labor; consequences ;— r. t. 
to reap and gather in. 

Hash, (hash) v. t. to mince; 
to chop :— ». minced meat; 
a rehMsh of old matter. 

Hasp, (hnsp) n. a clasp, .Vc. 

Hassock, (hos'uk) n. a mat to 
kneel on in church. 

Haste, (hist) nl quickness: 
swiftness ; rashness ; vehe- 
mence ;— V. t. or «. hojifen, 
(has'n)put to or move with 
speed ; accelerate : hurry. 

Hasty, (hist'i^ a. quick in ac- 
tion ; passionate ; rash v— 
ad. hasfily, too eagerly ;— 
tu. Ao'irtiiieis, speed; huny; 
irritabititv ; hagtf/puddmot 
mush and milk, etc. 


by Google 

Better late than never. — Dion. 
Bis vincit qui se vincit in victpria. 
He conquers twice who conquers 
himself in victory. ^ 

But yet I'll make assurance 
doubly sure, and take a bond 
of fate. — Shakespeare. 

Beggars should be no choosers. 




Hat. (hat) n. a corer for the 
head: o. hatred; n. hatrer, 
a maker or»«ller of hats. 

Hatch,(hach) v. f. to produce 
young from cgft i to orig- 
inate; to uint;— n. a brOod ; 
act of hatching x the cor- 
ering of a hatchway, or 
opening in a ship'a deck:— 
iM. hatch'eii,flood-gate«, ftc. 

Htttchet. (hach'et) ». a smaU 
axe for one hand. 

Hatchway, (hach'wi) n. the 
opening in a ship** deck. 

Hate, (hit) v. t. to dislike 
greatly i to abhor ; — n. 
ereat dislike ;— m. hit'rcd, 
Ill-will ; enmity ;— a. hftte'- 
ful, exciting or manifest- 
ing hate ; detestable ;— at/, 
hate'fully i n. hate'f ulness. 

Haughty, (hawfi) a. proud 
ana disdainful : arrogant ; 
ad. haughtily, contemptu- 
ously i— R. haught'iness. 

Haul, (haul) v. t. to draw 
with force » to drag ;— ». a 
pull ; draught* load. 

Haulm, Haum, (hawm) n. 
straw of beans, peas, tie. 

Haunch, (hinsh) n. the part 
between the Last rib and 
the thigh : the hip. 

Haunt, (hint) v. t. or f. to 
frequent i to intrude on i 
to follow or visit importu- 
nately, as a ghost:—*, a 
place of frequent resort. 

Hautboy, (h6 Doy) m. a wind 
iustnmient of music. 

Have, (hav) f. t. to possess < 
hoi' I enjoy » regard; be- 
get; ftccepti be affected by. 

Haven, (h*'vn) n. a harbor; 
a port for ships, ftc.; a bay 
or inlet of the sea i a safe 
place I an asylum. 

Haversack, (hav'er-sak) n. a 
bag of strong linen. 

Havoc, (liav'uk) h. ravage j 
slaughter ; general waste. 

Haw, (Itaw) v. t. to speak 
. ^ with hesi- 

tation : — n. 
a stammer- 
ing < the 
(hawk) n. 
the name 
of several 
birds of 

Hawk, (hawk) v. i. or t. to 
force up phlegm ; to cry 
goods in the streets i— ». 
hawk'er. a peddler. 

Hawk-eyed, ( hawk' Id ) a. 
having acute siglit. 

Hawser, (hawz'er) n. » small 
cable or large rope. 

Hawthorn, (uaw'thom)ii. a 
shrub with shining leaves 
and small, red fruit called 
haicn, used for hedges. 

Hay. (hi) n. grass dried for 
fodder;— MS. huifiiig, act or 
season of making hay ; 
hay-cock, a conical pile of 
hay iu tlie field; hayAoJl, 
a mow for hay; haiCtH€Ucerf 
one who cuts and dries 

{;rass ; hay-mow, a bom or 
oft for storing hay; hay- 
rake or fork, horse or band 
tools for haying. 

Hazard, (haz'ard) n. risk of 
loss ; danger ; chance t ac- 
cident ;— w. t. to endanger. 

Hazardous, ( haz'ard-us ) a. 
dangerous; uncertain; per- 
ilous ;—ad. hazard'ousiy. 

Haze, (hiz) n. a fog; thin 
vapor ; obi«curity;—o.httz'y, 
misty ;— M. haziness. 

Hasel, (hi'zl) n. a shrub 
bearing nuts ; — a. like a 
hazel-nut, light brown. 

He. (he) pron. of the third 
person , masculine gender ; 
any one:— <i. a male or man. 

Head, (hed) ii. upper part of 
the body ; the brain ; un- 
dorstduuing ; a leader: the 
place of honor : the chief 
point of a discourse t the 
source or spring: the high- 
est point ; strength ;— 1>. t. 
or f. to lead ; to chock ; to 
lop off the ton, as a tree; to 
grow to a head ; to originate; 
—II. hcad'ing, the top ; title 
of an article ; stuveHfor the 
heads of barrels, etc. 

Headache, (hed'ik) n. ache 
or pain in the head. 

Headland, ( hed'Iand ) n. a 
promontory ; a cape ; land 
at the end iin plowed. 

neadlong,(hed'long) a. rash; 
preci|>nate ; steep ; — ad. 
carelessly; rashly ; hastily. 

Head-quarters, ( hed ' kM'or- 
terz) M. pf. « place of re- 
sort ; a general's quarters. 

Headstrong, (hed'strong) a. 
ungovernable ; obstinate ; 

rash;— a. head'y, stubborn; 
determined iri one's way. 

Headway, (hed'wi) n. mo- 
mentum of a ship, ftc; 
the progress 6f anything. 

Heal, (hel) v.t.otLto cure ; 
to become well ; to recon- 
cile ;—«. heol'ing. the act or 
process of recovery ; — a. 
tending to cure ; mild :— 
ad. heoi'ingly, curativcly. 

Health, (helth) n. sound state 
of body and niind ; purity. 

Healthful, (helthful) u. be- 
inj^ in a sound state ; indi- 
cating or promoting health; 
Sfllubrious ; — ad. health'- 
luUy ;- n. hcalth'f ulness ; 
— a. health'y. well ; condu- 
cive to health ; sound :— 
ad. healthily ;— n. health'- 
iness, salubrity ; \igor. 

Heap, (hip) n. a pile; a mass 
of ruins ; — w. t. to pile 
above the top ; to amass. 

Hear, (h*r) v. t. to perceive 
by the ear; to grant; obey; 
attend to; to try judicially; 
—V. i. to listen ; Be told ; to 
have the sense of hearing ; 
— ns. hearing, hearer. 

Hearken, (hirk'n)ir. t. to lis- 
ten ; to lend the ear. 

Hearsay, (hir'si) n. rumor. 

Hearse, (hdrs) n. a carriage 
for conveying the dead. 

Heart, (hart) n. the organ of 
the blood's motion; inner 
part ; seat of love ; cour- 
age; vigor; secret menning; 
— N. heni-t'ache, deep sor- 
row; anguish; adj9. heart'- 
broken, deeply grieved ■; 
ili^'arr/eZf, sin cere ; deep ; ad. 
hearfretidinff, agonizing. 

Hearth, (hirth) n. a place ^n 
which fire is made ; home. 

Heartless. (hart'Ies) a. spirit- 
less; void of feeling or pity; 
—ad. hearflessl}'. cruelly; 
— n. heartiessness. cruelty. 

Hearty, (hirt'i) a. liealUiy ; 
strong . genuine ; warm ; 
sincere t—ad. heartily ; h. 
heart'iness. earnestness. 

Heat, (hit) n. great warmth ■. 
glow ; passion ; a siugio 
course in a race: animation : 
—V. f. or /. tO/mnke or grow 
hot; inflame: a. Aearin{;,ex- 
citing: n. /leaf' urnucc. 

Heath, (hith) n. a shruii ; u 
barren open country. 

Heatiien.Cni'thu) n. a pagan t 


by Google 

BeAuty is truth, truth beauty. 

Catus amat pisces, sed noa vii^lt 
tingcre plantas. — The cat loves 
fish, but will not wet her paws. 

Compendiaria res improbitas, vir- 
tusque tarda. — Wickedness 
takes the shorter road, and 
virtue the longer. 




•n irrellKioug person j— «. 
eodlesa ; idolatrotu { — a. 
nea'theniih, rude; uncivil- 
Ited ; cruel ;— n. hea'theii- 
ism. paganism; barbarism. 

Heother, (heth'er) n. heath. 

Heave, (hev) v. t. to lift; 
swell ; pant ; cast up ;— n. a 
swell; exertion ot'Htreni(th; 
a throw: an effort to vomit; 
pi. heaves, difficult breath- 
ing in horses:— a. heav'ing. 

Heaven, ( hev'n ) n. tlte re;;ioB 

- of air: the expanse at>ove ; 
dwcUing-pIace of the Deity 
and the blessed ;— a. heav- 
enly, of or like heaven ; 
celestial; pure; supremely 
happy?— at/, by the influ- 
ence of heaven ;— /t. heov'- 
enlinebs : — ad. heav ' en- 
ward, toward heaven. 

Heavy, (heVil a. weighty; 
grievous; dull; oppressive; 
violent; loud; not easily 
digested, as food ; miry, as 
MU; having strength, as 
liquor ; dark with clouds ; 

f:looniy ; expcnKive i—nd. 
leav'ily ;— ». beav'ineKs. 

Hebduinadnl. ( hcb - dom'a- 
dal) a. occurring every sev- 
en daj's ;— n. or u. hebuom'- 
adury, week'y. 

Hebraic— al,(he-br4'ik—al) o. 
relating to thp Hebrews 
or their kngunge ; — ad. 
hebr&'ieally, after the man- 
ner of the Hebrew lan- 
guage ; from n;;ht to left. 

Hecatomb, (hek'a-todm) n. 
among the Greeks and 
llomanK, a sacrifice of a 
hundred oxen ; any large 
number of victims. 

Hectic, (hek'tik) a. habitual; 
— «. rennttent fever. 

Hector, (hek'tor) n. a bully ; 
one who annoys; v.t. tease. 

Hedge, (hej) u. a thicket of 
ahrubifor a fence;— i'. t. to 
obstruct ; to surround ; to 
guard : make a live fence. 

H<>cd. ( hed ) i'. t. to mind ; 
to obwsrve; — ». care; at- 
tention;— a. hced'ful, ot- 
tentive : cautious ; — ad. 
heed'fully; «. heed'fulneiui 

U«cdle«s, (hSd'les) a. care- 
less: negligent;— arf. heed'- 

' le^slv;— n. need'lesknesa. 

Heel, ?hil) n. the hind part 
of a ifoot or stocking;— r. f. 

^ to dance i to lean over, as « 

ship ; to add a piece to a 
stocking heel.— //eej ui, to 
set out young plants, as 
cabbage or celery. 

He^ra. (he-j^'ra) n. flight of 
Mohammed from Mecca. 
July 1U.U22 A.O.; any flight 

Heifer, (hef'er) n. youngcow 

Heigh-ho, (hi'ho)er. an ex- 
pression of weariness. 

Height, (hit) 11. dirtance np- 
wards ; a hill ; utmost de- 
gree ; great excellence ;— 
V. t. hetghfeH, to raise ; to 
increase : improve ; make 
more bright or prominent. 

Heinous, fha'nus) a. hate- 
ful ; wicked ; atrocious ;— 
ad. hei'nouslv; — n. hci'- 
nousness, wickedness. 

Heir, (Ar) a. one who inherits 
Dy law ; one entitled to 
anything after the present 
possessor; —fern, heiress, 
(Ar'es)— »M. heir'dom, heir'- 
ship :— n. heirless, without 
an neir ; hetr-apparent, the 
heir to a throne or estate. 

Heir-loom. fAr-l6dm) n. old, 
rare, and precious article, 
from beinq a family relic. 

Heliacal, (he-U'ak-al) a. e- 
merging from or falling in- 
to tlie light of the sun. 

Heliocentric, ^hc-li-o-sen'- 
trik) a. in ojttr., as seen 
from the sun's center. 

Heliography ,(he-li-og'ra-fl) n. 
the art of taking pictures 
by sunlight: photography; 
—a. heliograph'ical ;— n. he- 
liog'rapher, he'liograph. 

Heliotrope, (hS'll-o-trdp) n. a 
plant whose flowers arc re- 

{>uted to turn to the sun ; 
n tnin., a chalcedony. 

Helix, (h£'liks) ». a spiral, as 
of wire in a coil ; in 200/., 
the Kuail or its shell ; tlic ex- 
ternal part of the ear ;—/)/. 
helices ;—n. hel'ical. spiral. 

Hell, (hel) m. the region of 
the damned: the grave: the 
powers of Hell; any place 
of vice or niixery : a gam- 
bling house :— «i. heU'ish, 
infernal: very wicked ; ad. 
hellishly;— n. hell'ishness. 

Hellebore, ( hel'e-bdr ) it. a 
plant u^ed in medicine. 

Helm, (helm) n. instrument 
of steering a ship ; the Kta* 
tion of managenien t or gov* 
ernraent ;— /t. helms'man. 

Helmet, (hclm'et) n. armor 
for the 
head , hood- 
ed upper lip 
of certain 

Helot, (h«1ot; 
n. a slave in 


Sparta. ""^ 

Help, (help) v. t. to aid : 
sist; supply; remedy: pre- 
vent ;— n. aid: support ; re- 
lief ; one who ai>8i>t8 ;— n. 
help'er. an assistant <>—n. 
help'fulness t—a. help'ful, 
useful; /le/u '/««!, weak; 
wanting aid ; — ad. help'- 
lesuly;- n. help'lessness. 

HelpmatCf ( help'mat ) n. a 
companion who helps; a 
partner; a wife or helpmeet. 

Helve, (helv) m. handle of an 
axe or hatchet. 

Hem, (hem) n. border of a 
garment ; a half cough ;— 
V. t. to stitch : edge ; hem 
in, or surround ; to utter 
the sound, as hem and haw. 

Hemal, (hd'mal) a. relating 
to blood or blood-vessels. 

Hematite.(hem'a-ttt) ». a val- 
uable ore of iron, Ubually 
streaked blood-red. 

Hemisphere, (hem-i-ef£r) n. 
the naif of a sphere t— a. 
hemispher'icat, as a map. 

Hemlock, ( hem ' Ink ) n. a 
poisonous,straw-like plant; 
an evergreen tree. 

Hemorrhage, (hein'or-4j) n. 
a flowmac of blood from a 
ruptured vpm»o1 ;— »». heiu'- 
orrholdf. bl<NKly piles. 

Hemp, ( hemp )'u. a plant 
whose flbe s a-e I'scil for 
cloth and ro|K*s;a. hemp'en 

Hen. (hen) n. a feinnie bird. 

Henbane. (Iien'ban)n. pois- 
onous plant like opium. 

Hence, (hens> nd. from the 
place.time. cause or source: 
—tnt. awav! begone !—/ir/. 
heiice'fortn. or hencefor- 
ward, from this tinte fortli. 

Henchman, (heiihh'maii) n. 
a depeiulent t servant. 

Hendecagon,( hen-dek'a-gon ) 
M. a plane figure of eleven 
angle* and eleven sides. 

Henpecked, ( hen'pekt ) a. 
foolixhly ruled by a wife. 

Hepatic. (h«-pat'ik) a. per* 
tainir g to the liver. 


by Google 

Celsse ^aYiore casa decedu&t 
turres. — The lightest tree has 
the greatest falL 

Conscia mens recti famae menda- 

da ridet. — ^The mind which is 
conscious of right despises the 
lies of rumor. 
Cede Deo. — ^Yield to Providence. 




Heptade.Chep'tad) n. the num 
7;— ii». hei*' tarchif, nevcn 
fold gov'in't ; hept'agk*t, a 
book ill »cven lunKuugcu. 

Heptagoa, (hep'ta-jcon) n. « 

of seven 
Bid en and 
•iigles!— a. 
— n. hepta- 
h^'drou, a 
►olici ntrurcwith 7 sides;— 
o, heptan';;ular, of 7 angles 

lu-r. (her) n. belonmrin^ to a 
female ; — pron. objective 
and pos-xessive case of »ht ; 
—/iron, herself, in her real 
character: Mine: having the 
command of her teiniier. 

Herald, (her'ald) n, a fore- 
runner; a proclnimer; a 
newspaper :— /». t. to inti-o- 
dticc I to announce. 

Uemldry, (her'old-ri) «. the 
art oi blazoning arms or 
roeordin;; genealogies. 

Herb, (erb, herb) n. a plant 
with a voftstem that dies to 
the root an a mill v ;—«<//* 
herbaceous, herbecc'cnt, 
*oft ; perihhing yearly. 

Heibage. (hcrb'aj) m. herbs j 
grnss ; green pasture. 

llerbal, (erb'al) ». a book on 
plants ; a collection of pre- 
served plants ;— iM. herb'al- 
ist, botanist t /lei-hn'rium, a 
scrap book for flowers or 
plants : a classified collec- 
tion of plants, etc. 

Ileibivorous. (her-blVcr-us) 
a. feeding on grass, etc. 

Herculean, (her.ka'K'-an)n. 
tremendous in stren:^h or 
size, as Hercules, a famous 
Greek lieroj extremely dif- 
ficult ; great : dangerous. 

Herd, (herd) n. a collection 
of beasts < a vulgar crowd \ 
— r. (. or i. to associate ; to 
tend cattle; to run in herds; 
— «. herds'mnn. drover. 

Here, (her)ir«^ in this place, 
state or life ;— <«/r*. Iiere'' 
atoN^near Iiere; heref\/'t'er, 
after this ; in eonie future 
time or state :— n. a future 
state :/ie/v and therr, in this 
place and then in that ; 
thinly; irregularly ;1kereAjy, 
by tills : herem, in this : 
hfi'rof. of this; htrttofore, 
formerly ; kerruiJOH, on or 

In consequence of this ; 
kerfwilM, with this. 

Hereditary, (he-red'i-tar-i) a. 
descending from a parent 
to a cliild, as a disease, trait, 
vice, etc., or an estate;— «». 
hfi'i'.d itft, the tmnsniissiou 
of qualities, 5cc.; herrdtt'a- 
meut, inherited property ; 
bei''itage, inheritance : in 
B. God's people ;— <». her"- 
itable, inheriuble. 

Heresy, (her'e-si) ». religious 
error : heterodoxy : — «. 
her'etic x—a. her'ctical, er- 
roneous I— ad. her eticully. 

Hermaphrodite, ( her- mai'- 
ro-dit) tt. an animal or plant 
of both sexes;a. combining 
both sexes;— a. hermuph- 
rodit'ic. united sexuuUy. 

Hermeneutic — al, (};er-me- 
nO'tik- ol) a. interpreting; 
explanatory ;—aiI. lierme- 
neu'ticully; n. niig. herme- 
ncut'ics, science of inter- 
prctatioii.eBp. of Scriptures 

Hermetic, ( fienmerik ) a. 
perfectly close ;— arf. hcr- 
niet'ically, closely sealed, as 
a liottle, with wax, etc. 

Hermit, (heKmit) «. one who 
lives in solitude ; — a. her- 
mit'ical;— n. her'mitagc, a 
retired abode ; a wine. 

Hernia, (li«r'ni-a) u. a rup- 
ture: a swelling, esp. of 
the abdomen ;— o. hernial. 

Hero, ( he'rd ) n. any illus- 
trious or conspicuously 
•brave person ; tlie princi- 
iml figure in a history or 
work of fiction ;—;>/. nc'- 
roes '.—/em. her ' oine ; — a. 
hero'ic. courageous ; bold t 
illustrious : — n. a heroic 
verse;— or/, hero'ically;- «. 
heroism, great valor. 

Hemn, (her'un) n.